[ Search ] [ PDF text ] [ Legislation ]
[ Home ] [ Back ] [ Bottom ]
92_SB1145 LRB9202138RCsb 1 AN ACT concerning criminal procedure. 2 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 3 represented in the General Assembly: 4 Section 5. The Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 is 5 amended by changing Section 114-1 as follows: 6 (725 ILCS 5/114-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 114-1) 7 Sec. 114-1. Motion to dismiss charge. 8 (a) Upon the written motion of the defendant made prior 9 to trial before or after a plea has been entered the court 10 may dismiss the indictment, information or complaint upon any 11 of the following grounds: 12 (1) The defendant has not been placed on trial in 13 compliance with Section 103-5 of this Code.
;14 (2) The prosecution of the offense is barred by 15 Sections 3-3 through 3-8 of the "Criminal Code of 1961 ",16 approved July 28, 1961, as heretofore and hereafter 17 amended. ;18 (3) The defendant has received immunity from 19 prosecution for the offense charged. ;20 (4) The indictment was returned by a Grand Jury 21 which was improperly selected and which results in 22 substantial injustice to the defendant. ;23 (5) The indictment was returned by a Grand Jury 24 which acted contrary to Article 112 of this Code and 25 which results in substantial injustice to the defendant. ;26 (6) The court in which the charge has been filed 27 does not have jurisdiction. ;28 (7) The county is an improper place of trial. ;29 (8) The charge does not state an offense. ;30 (9) The indictment is based solely upon the 31 testimony of an incompetent witness. ;-2- LRB9202138RCsb 1 (10) The defendant is misnamed in the charge and 2 the misnomer results in substantial injustice to the 3 defendant. 4 (11) The requirements of Section 109-3.1 have not 5 been complied with. 6 (12) The knowing use of or the failure to correct 7 perjury given at the grand jury that returned an 8 indictment. 9 (13) The failure of the State's Attorney to inform 10 the grand jury of the existence of evidence exculpatory 11 to the accused when the existence of that evidence is 12 known to the State. 13 (14) The failure of the State to present a 14 defendant under arrest without unnecessary delay before 15 the nearest and most accessible judge in the county as 16 required by subsection (a) of Section 109-1. 17 (15) The failure of the State to either indict the 18 defendant before a grand jury or to provide the defendant 19 a prompt preliminary hearing to establish probable cause. 20 (b) The court shall require any motion to dismiss to be 21 filed within a reasonable time after the defendant has been 22 arraigned. Any motion not filed within such time or an 23 extension thereof shall not be considered by the court and 24 the grounds therefor, except as to subsections (a)(6) and 25 (a)(8) of this Section, are waived. 26 (c) If the motion presents only an issue of law the 27 court shall determine it without the necessity of further 28 pleadings. If the motion alleges facts not of record in the 29 case the State shall file an answer admitting or denying each 30 of the factual allegations of the motion. 31 (d) When an issue of fact is presented by a motion to 32 dismiss and the answer of the State the court shall conduct a 33 hearing and determine the issues. 34 (d-5) When a defendant seeks dismissal of the charge -3- LRB9202138RCsb 1 upon the ground set forth in subsection (a)(7) of this 2 Section, the defendant shall make a prima facie showing that 3 the county is an improper place of trial. Upon such showing, 4 the State shall have the burden of proving, by a 5 preponderance of the evidence, that the county is the proper 6 place of trial. 7 (e) Dismissal of the charge upon the grounds set forth 8 in subsections (a)(4) through (a)(11) of this Section shall 9 not prevent the return of a new indictment or the filing of a 10 new charge, and upon such dismissal the court may order that 11 the defendant be held in custody or, if the defendant hehad 12 been previously released on bail, that the hisbail be 13 continued for a specified time pending the return of a new 14 indictment or the filing of a new charge. 15 (f) If the court determines that the motion to dismiss 16 based upon the grounds set forth in subsections (a)(6) and 17 (a)(7) is well founded it may, instead of dismissal, order 18 the cause transferred to a court of competent jurisdiction or 19 to a proper place of trial. 20 (Source: P.A. 89-288, eff. 8-11-95; revised 2-23-00.) 21 Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon 22 becoming law.
[ Top ]