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92_SB1127 LRB9206199WHcs 1 AN ACT concerning civil procedure. 2 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 3 represented in the General Assembly: 4 Section 5. The Code of Civil Procedure is amended by 5 changing Section 2-801 as follows: 6 (735 ILCS 5/2-801) (from Ch. 110, par. 2-801) 7 Sec. 2-801. Class actions. 8 (a) Prerequisites to a Class Action. One or more members 9 of a class of Illinois residents may sue as representative 10 parties on behalf of all members of the class only if: (1) 11 the class is so numerous that joinder of all members is 12 impracticable; (2) there are questions of law or fact as to 13 which the court or jury could reasonably reach conclusions 14 or findings applicable to all class members; (3) the claims 15 or defenses of the representative parties are typical of the 16 claims or defenses of the class; (4) the representative 17 parties will fairly and adequately protect the interests of 18 the class; and (5) the class is defined so as to permit the 19 identification of class members before any merits 20 adjudications occur. 21 (b) Class Actions Maintainable. An action may be 22 maintained as a class action if the prerequisites of 23 subsection (a) are satisfied, and in addition: 24 (1) the prosecution of separate actions by or 25 against individual members of the class would create a 26 risk of: 27 (A) inconsistent or varying adjudications with 28 respect to individual members of the class which 29 would establish incompatible standards of conduct 30 for the party opposing the class; or 31 (B) adjudications with respect to individual -2- LRB9206199WHcs 1 members of the class which would as a practical 2 matter be dispositive of the interests of the other 3 members not parties to the adjudications or 4 substantially impair or impede their ability to 5 protect their interests; or 6 (2) the party seeking to maintain the class action 7 does not seek any monetary relief and the party opposing 8 the class has acted or refused to act on grounds 9 generally applicable to the class, thereby making 10 appropriate final injunctive relief or corresponding 11 declaratory relief with respect to the class as a whole; 12 or 13 (3) the court finds: (i) that the questions of law 14 or fact as to which the court or jury could reasonably 15 reach conclusions or findings applicable to all class 16 members predominate over any questions affecting only 17 individual members; (ii) that the evidence likely to be 18 admitted at trial regarding the elements of the claims 19 for which certification is sought and of the defenses 20 thereto is substantially the same as to all class 21 members; and (iii) that a class action is superior to 22 other available methods for the fair and efficient 23 adjudication of the controversy. The matters pertinent to 24 the findings include: (A) the interest of members of the 25 class in individually controlling the prosecution or 26 defense of separate actions; (B) the extent, nature, and 27 maturity of any litigation concerning the controversy 28 already commenced by or against members of the class; 29 (C) whether it is probable that the amount which may be 30 recovered by individual class members will be large 31 enough in relation to the expense and effort of 32 administering the action to justify maintaining the case 33 as a class action; (D) the desirability or undesirability 34 of concentrating the litigation of the claims in the -3- LRB9206199WHcs 1 particular forum; (E) the difficulties likely to be 2 encountered in the management of a class action; and (F) 3 the extent to which the allegations at issue are subject 4 to the jurisdiction of federal or State regulatory 5 agencies. 6 (c) Determination by Order Whether Class Action to be 7 Maintained; Notice; Judgment. 8 (1) When practicable after the commencement of an 9 action brought as a class action, the court shall, after 10 hearing, determine by order whether it is to be so 11 maintained. An order under this subsection (c) may be 12 altered, amended, or withdrawn at any time before the 13 decision on the merits. 14 (2) If the court finds that the action should be 15 maintained as a class action, it shall certify the 16 action accordingly on the basis of a written decision 17 setting forth all reasons why the action may be so 18 maintained and describing all evidence in support of the 19 determination. 20 (3) A court may not certify that an action may be 21 maintained as a class action unless, on the basis of a 22 full record on the relevant issues, the proponents 23 proffer clear and convincing evidence that the action 24 complies with all requirements for such certification. 25 Any doubt as to whether this burden has been met shall 26 be resolved in favor of denying class certification. The 27 court shall decertify a class action upon any showing 28 that an action has ceased to satisfy the applicable 29 prerequisites for maintaining the case as a class 30 action. 31 (4) There shall be a rebuttable presumption against 32 the maintenance of a class action as to claims for which 33 class members would have to prove knowledge, reliance, or 34 causation on an individual basis. -4- LRB9206199WHcs 1 (5) The determination that an action may be 2 maintained as a class action shall not relieve any 3 member of the class from the burden of proving all 4 elements of the member's cause of action, including 5 individual injury and the amount of damages. 6 (6) In any class action maintained under 7 subdivision (b)(3), the court shall direct to the members 8 of the class the best notice practicable under the 9 circumstances, including individual notice to all members 10 who can be identified through reasonable effort. The 11 notice shall include: 12 (i) a general description of the action, 13 including the relief sought, and the names of the 14 representative parties; 15 (ii) a statement of the right of a member of 16 the class to be excluded from the action by 17 submitting an election to be excluded, including the 18 manner and time for exercising the election; 19 (iii) a description of possible financial 20 consequences for the class; 21 (iv) a general description of any counterclaim 22 or notice of intent to assert a counterclaim by or 23 against members of the class, including the relief 24 sought; 25 (v) a statement that the judgment, whether 26 favorable or not, will bind members of the class who 27 are not excluded from the action; 28 (vi) a statement that any member of the class 29 may intervene in the action and designate separate 30 counsel; 31 (vii) the address of counsel to whom members 32 of the proposed class may direct inquiries; and 33 (viii) other information that the court deems 34 appropriate. -5- LRB9206199WHcs 1 (7) The plaintiff shall bear the expense of the 2 notification required by subdivision (c)(6). The court 3 may require other parties to the litigation to cooperate 4 in securing the names and addresses of the persons within 5 the class for the purpose of providing individual notice, 6 but any costs incurred by the party in providing such 7 cooperation shall be paid initially by the party claiming 8 the class action. Upon termination of the action, the 9 court may allow as taxable costs all or part of the 10 expenses incurred by the prevailing party. 11 (8) The judgment in an action maintained as a class 12 action under subdivision (b)(1) or (b)(2), whether or not 13 favorable to the class, shall include and describe those 14 whom the court finds to be members of the class. The 15 judgment in an action maintained as a class action under 16 subdivision (b)(3), whether or not favorable to the 17 class, shall include and specify or describe those to 18 whom the notice provided in subdivision (c)(2) was 19 directed, and who have not requested exclusion, and whom 20 the court finds to be members of the class. 21 (9) When appropriate, a class may be divided into 22 subclasses and each subclass treated as a class, and the 23 provisions of this Section shall then be construed and 24 applied accordingly. 25 (e) Orders in Conduct of Actions. In the conduct of 26 actions to which this Section applies, the court may make 27 appropriate orders: (1) determining the course of proceedings 28 or prescribing measures to prevent undue repetition or 29 complication in the presentation of evidence or argument; (2) 30 requiring, for the protection of members of the class or 31 otherwise for the fair conduct of the action, that notice be 32 given in such manner as the court may direct to some or all 33 of the members of any step in the action, or of the proposed 34 entry of judgment, or of the opportunity of members to -6- LRB9206199WHcs 1 signify whether they consider the representation fair and 2 adequate, to intervene and present claims and defenses, or 3 otherwise to come into the action; (3) imposing conditions 4 on the representative parties or on intervenors; (4) 5 requiring that the pleadings be amended to eliminate 6 therefrom allegations as to representation of absent persons, 7 and that the action proceed accordingly; (5) dealing with 8 similar procedural matters. 9 (f) Dismissal or Compromise. 10 (1) A class action may not be dismissed or 11 compromised without the approval of the court, and notice 12 of the proposed dismissal or compromise shall be given to 13 all members of the class in such manner as the court 14 directs. 15 (2) Before approving the dismissal or a compromise 16 of an action that the court has determined may be 17 maintained as a class action, the court shall hold a 18 hearing to determine whether the terms of the proposed 19 dismissal or compromise are fair, reasonable and adequate 20 for the class. At the hearing, all parties to the action, 21 including members of the class, shall be permitted an 22 opportunity to be heard as the court may direct. 23 (g) Discovery. Representative parties and intervenors 24 are subject to discovery in the same manner as parties in 25 other civil actions. Other class members are subject to 26 discovery in the same manner as persons who are not parties, 27 but may be required by the court to submit to discovery 28 procedures applicable to the representative parties and 29 intervenors. 30 (h) Appeals. The appellate court shall hear appeals from 31 orders of circuit courts granting or denying class action 32 certification under this Section if a notice of appeal is 33 filed within 10 days after entry of the order.
Prerequisites34 for the maintenance of a class action. An action may be-7- LRB9206199WHcs 1 maintained as a class action in any court of this State and a2 party may sue or be sued as a representative party of the3 class only if the court finds:4 (1) The class is so numerous that joinder of all members5 is impracticable.6 (2) There are questions of fact or law common to the7 class, which common questions predominate over any questions8 affecting only individual members.9 (3) The representative parties will fairly and10 adequately protect the interest of the class.11 (4) The class action is an appropriate method for the12 fair and efficient adjudication of the controversy.13 (Source: P.A. 82-280.) 14 (735 ILCS 5/2-802 rep.) 15 (735 ILCS 5/2-803 rep.) 16 (735 ILCS 5/2-804 rep.) 17 (735 ILCS 5/2-805 rep.) 18 (735 ILCS 5/2-806 rep.) 19 Section 10. The Code of Civil Procedure is amended by 20 repealing Sections 2-802 through 2-806. 21 Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon 22 becoming law.
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