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92_SB0368 LRB9204197JStm 1 AN ACT concerning liability for debit card use. 2 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 3 represented in the General Assembly: 4 Section 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the 5 Debit Card Liability Act. 6 Section 5. Definition. For purposes of this Act, the 7 following definitions apply: 8 "Accepted debit card" means a debit card that the debit 9 cardholder has requested and received, or has signed, used, 10 or authorized another person to use, for the purpose of 11 obtaining money, property, labor, or services. A debit card 12 issued in renewal of, or in substitution for, an accepted 13 debit card becomes an accepted debit card when received by 14 the debit cardholder, whether the debit card is issued by the 15 same or by a successor card issuer. 16 "Account" means a demand deposit (checking), savings, or 17 other consumer asset account, other than an occasional or 18 incidental credit balance in a credit plan, established 19 primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. 20 "Adequate notice" means a printed notice to a cardholder 21 that sets forth the pertinent facts clearly and conspicuously 22 so that a person against whom it is to operate could 23 reasonably be expected to have noticed it and understood its 24 meaning. 25 "Debit card" has the same meaning found in Section 2.15 26 of the Illinois Credit Card and Debit Card Act. 27 "Debit card issuer" means any person who issues a debit 28 card or the agent of that person for that purpose. 29 "Debit cardholder" means a natural person to whom a debit 30 card is issued. 31 "Unauthorized use" means the use of a debit card by a -2- LRB9204197JStm 1 person, other than the debit cardholder, to initiate an 2 electronic fund transfer from the debit cardholder's account 3 without actual authority to initiate the transfer and from 4 which the debit cardholder receives no benefit. The term does 5 not include an electronic fund transfer initiated in any of 6 the following manners: 7 (1) By a person who was furnished the debit card to 8 the debit cardholder's account by the debit cardholder, 9 unless the debit cardholder has notified the debit card 10 issuer that transfers by that person are no longer 11 authorized. 12 (2) With fraudulent intent by the debit cardholder 13 or any person acting in concert with the debit 14 cardholder. 15 (3) By the debit card issuer or its employee. 16 Section 10. Liability for unauthorized use of a debit 17 card. 18 (a) A debit cardholder is liable for an unauthorized use 19 of a debit card only if all of the following conditions are 20 met: 21 (1) The card is an accepted debit card. 22 (2) Except as provided in subsection (b), the 23 liability is not in excess of $50. 24 (3) The debit card issuer has given adequate notice 25 to the debit cardholder of the potential liability. 26 (4) The debit card issuer has provided the debit 27 cardholder with a description of the means by which the 28 debit card issuer may be notified of loss or theft of the 29 card. 30 (5) The unauthorized use occurs before the debit 31 card issuer has been notified by the debit cardholder 32 that an unauthorized use of the debit card has occurred 33 or may occur as a result of loss, theft, or otherwise. -3- LRB9204197JStm 1 (6) The debit card issuer has provided a means to 2 identify the debit cardholder to whom the debit card was 3 issued. 4 (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), if the debit 5 cardholder fails to report an unauthorized use that appears 6 on a periodic statement within 60 days after the debit card 7 issuer's transmittal of the statement, and if the issuer 8 establishes that an unauthorized use would not have occurred 9 had the debit cardholder notified the issuer within the 10 60-day period, the debit cardholder shall be liable for the 11 amount of each unauthorized transfer that occurs after the 12 close of the 60 days and before notice to the issuer. If the 13 debit cardholder's delay in notifying the debit card issuer 14 was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the debit 15 cardholder's reasonable control, the time specified above 16 shall be extended by a reasonable period. For the purposes of 17 this subsection, examples of extenuating circumstances 18 include, but are not limited to, extended travel, the death 19 or serious illness of the debit cardholder or a member of the 20 debit cardholder's family, hospitalization, permanent mental 21 impairment, or serious physical impairment, unless the 22 circumstance did not reasonably contribute to the 23 cardholder's delay in notifying the debit card 1ssuer within 24 the 60-day period. 25 (c) A debit cardholder shall have no liability for 26 erroneous or fraudulent transfers initiated by a debit card 27 issuer, its agent, or employee.
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