(750 ILCS 60/202)
(from Ch. 40, par. 2312-2)
Commencement of action; filing fees; dismissal.
(a) How to commence action. Actions for orders of protection are commenced:
(1) Independently: By filing a petition for an order
of protection in any civil court, unless specific courts are designated by local rule or order.
(2) In conjunction with another civil proceeding: By
filing a petition for an order of protection under the same case number as another civil proceeding involving the parties, including but not limited to: (i) any proceeding under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, Illinois Parentage Act of 2015, Nonsupport of Spouse and Children Act, Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act or an action for nonsupport brought under Article X of the Illinois Public Aid Code, provided that a petitioner and the respondent are a party to or the subject of that proceeding or (ii) a guardianship proceeding under the Probate Act of 1975, or a proceeding for involuntary commitment under the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, or any proceeding, other than a delinquency petition, under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, provided that a petitioner or the respondent is a party to or the subject of such proceeding.
(3) In conjunction with a delinquency petition or a
criminal prosecution as provided in Section 112A-20 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
(a-5) When a petition for an emergency order of protection is filed, the petition shall not be publicly available until the petition is served on the respondent.
(b) Filing, certification, and service fees. No fee shall be charged
by the clerk for filing, amending, vacating, certifying, or photocopying
petitions or orders; or for issuing alias summons; or for any
related filing service. No
fee shall be charged by the sheriff for service by the sheriff of a
rule, motion, or order in an action commenced under this Section.
(c) Dismissal and consolidation. Withdrawal or dismissal of any
petition for an order of protection prior to adjudication where the
petitioner is represented by the State shall operate as a dismissal without
prejudice. No action for an order of protection shall be dismissed because
the respondent is being prosecuted for a crime against the petitioner. An
independent action may be consolidated with another civil proceeding, as
provided by paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section. For any
action commenced under paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a) of this Section,
dismissal of the conjoined case (or a finding of not guilty) shall not
require dismissal of the action
for the order of protection; instead, it may be treated as an
independent action and, if necessary and appropriate, transferred to a
different court or division. Dismissal of any conjoined case shall not affect
validity of any previously issued order of protection, and thereafter
subsections (b)(1) and (b)(2) of Section 220 shall be inapplicable to
(d) Pro se petitions. The court shall provide, through the office of
the clerk of the court, simplified forms and clerical assistance to help
with the writing and filing of a petition under this Section by any person
not represented by counsel. In addition, that assistance may be provided
by the state's attorney.
As provided in this subsection, the administrative director of the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, with the approval of the administrative board of the courts, may adopt rules to establish and implement a pilot program to allow the electronic filing of petitions for temporary orders of protection and the issuance of such orders by audio-visual means to accommodate litigants for whom attendance in court to file for and obtain emergency relief would constitute an undue hardship or would constitute a risk of harm to the litigant.
(1) As used in this subsection:
(A) "Electronic means" means any method of
transmission of information between computers or other machines designed for the purpose of sending or receiving electronic transmission and that allows for the recipient of information to reproduce the information received in a tangible medium of expression.
(B) "Independent audio-visual system" means
an electronic system for the transmission and receiving of audio and visual signals, including those with the means to preclude the unauthorized reception and decoding of the signals by commercially available television receivers, channel converters, or other available receiving devices.
(C) "Electronic appearance" means an
appearance in which one or more of the parties are not present in the court, but in which, by means of an independent audio-visual system, all of the participants are simultaneously able to see and hear reproductions of the voices and images of the judge, counsel, parties, witnesses, and any other participants.
(2) Any pilot program under this subsection
(e) shall be developed by the administrative director or his or her delegate in consultation with at least one local organization providing assistance to domestic violence victims. The program plan shall include but not be limited to:
(A) identification of agencies equipped with
or that have access to an independent audio-visual system and electronic means for filing documents; and
(B) identification of one or more
organizations who are trained and available to assist petitioners in preparing and filing petitions for temporary orders of protection and in their electronic appearances before the court to obtain such orders; and
(C) identification of the existing resources
available in local family courts for the implementation and oversight of the pilot program; and
(D) procedures for filing petitions and
documents by electronic means, swearing in the petitioners and witnesses, preparation of a transcript of testimony and evidence presented, and a prompt transmission of any orders issued to the parties; and
(E) a timeline for implementation and a plan
for informing the public about the availability of the program; and
(F) a description of the data to be
collected in order to evaluate and make recommendations for improvements to the pilot program.
(3) In conjunction with an electronic appearance,
any petitioner for an ex parte temporary order of protection may, using the assistance of a trained advocate if necessary, commence the proceedings by filing a petition by electronic means.
(A) A petitioner who is seeking an ex parte
temporary order of protection using an electronic appearance must file a petition in advance of the appearance and may do so electronically.
(B) The petitioner must show that traveling
to or appearing in court would constitute an undue hardship or create a risk of harm to the petitioner. In granting or denying any relief sought by the petitioner, the court shall state the names of all participants and whether it is granting or denying an appearance by electronic means and the basis for such a determination. A party is not required to file a petition or other document by electronic means or to testify by means of an electronic appearance.
(C) Nothing in this subsection (e) affects
or changes any existing laws governing the service of process, including requirements for personal service or the sealing and confidentiality of court records in court proceedings or access to court records by the parties to the proceedings.
(A) All electronic appearances by a
petitioner seeking an ex parte temporary order of protection under this subsection (e) are strictly voluntary and the court shall obtain the consent of the petitioner on the record at the commencement of each appearance.
(B) Electronic appearances under this
subsection (e) shall be recorded and preserved for transcription. Documentary evidence, if any, referred to by a party or witness or the court may be transmitted and submitted and introduced by electronic means.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-201, eff. 8-18-17; 101-255, eff. 1-1-20
(750 ILCS 60/214)
(from Ch. 40, par. 2312-14)
Order of protection; remedies.
(a) Issuance of order. If the court finds that petitioner has been
abused by a family or household member or that petitioner is a high-risk
adult who has been abused, neglected, or exploited, as defined in this Act,
an order of protection prohibiting the abuse, neglect, or exploitation
shall issue; provided that petitioner must also satisfy the requirements of
one of the following Sections, as appropriate: Section 217 on emergency
orders, Section 218 on interim orders, or Section 219 on plenary orders.
Petitioner shall not be denied an order of protection because petitioner or
respondent is a minor. The court, when determining whether or not to issue
an order of protection, shall not require physical manifestations of abuse
on the person of the victim. Modification and extension of prior
orders of protection shall be in accordance with this Act.
(b) Remedies and standards. The remedies to be included in an order of
protection shall be determined in accordance with this Section and one of
the following Sections, as appropriate: Section 217 on emergency orders,
Section 218 on interim orders, and Section 219 on plenary orders. The
remedies listed in this subsection shall be in addition to other civil or
criminal remedies available to petitioner.
(1) Prohibition of abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
Prohibit respondent's harassment, interference with personal liberty, intimidation of a dependent, physical abuse, or willful deprivation, neglect or exploitation, as defined in this Act, or stalking of the petitioner, as defined in Section 12-7.3 of the Criminal Code of 2012, if such abuse, neglect, exploitation, or stalking has occurred or otherwise appears likely to occur if not prohibited.
(2) Grant of exclusive possession of residence.
Prohibit respondent from entering or remaining in any residence, household, or premises of the petitioner, including one owned or leased by respondent, if petitioner has a right to occupancy thereof. The grant of exclusive possession of the residence, household, or premises shall not affect title to real property, nor shall the court be limited by the standard set forth in subsection (c-2) of Section 501 of the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act.
(A) Right to occupancy. A party has a right to
occupancy of a residence or household if it is solely or jointly owned or leased by that party, that party's spouse, a person with a legal duty to support that party or a minor child in that party's care, or by any person or entity other than the opposing party that authorizes that party's occupancy (e.g., a domestic violence shelter). Standards set forth in subparagraph (B) shall not preclude equitable relief.
(B) Presumption of hardships. If petitioner and
respondent each has the right to occupancy of a residence or household, the court shall balance (i) the hardships to respondent and any minor child or dependent adult in respondent's care resulting from entry of this remedy with (ii) the hardships to petitioner and any minor child or dependent adult in petitioner's care resulting from continued exposure to the risk of abuse (should petitioner remain at the residence or household) or from loss of possession of the residence or household (should petitioner leave to avoid the risk of abuse). When determining the balance of hardships, the court shall also take into account the accessibility of the residence or household. Hardships need not be balanced if respondent does not have a right to occupancy.
The balance of hardships is presumed to favor
possession by petitioner unless the presumption is rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence, showing that the hardships to respondent substantially outweigh the hardships to petitioner and any minor child or dependent adult in petitioner's care. The court, on the request of petitioner or on its own motion, may order respondent to provide suitable, accessible, alternate housing for petitioner instead of excluding respondent from a mutual residence or household.
(3) Stay away order and additional prohibitions.
Order respondent to stay away from petitioner or any other person protected by the order of protection, or prohibit respondent from entering or remaining present at petitioner's school, place of employment, or other specified places at times when petitioner is present, or both, if reasonable, given the balance of hardships. Hardships need not be balanced for the court to enter a stay away order or prohibit entry if respondent has no right to enter the premises.
(A) If an order of protection grants petitioner
exclusive possession of the residence, or prohibits respondent from entering the residence, or orders respondent to stay away from petitioner or other protected persons, then the court may allow respondent access to the residence to remove items of clothing and personal adornment used exclusively by respondent, medications, and other items as the court directs. The right to access shall be exercised on only one occasion as the court directs and in the presence of an agreed-upon adult third party or law enforcement officer.
(B) When the petitioner and the respondent attend
the same public, private, or non-public elementary, middle, or high school, the court when issuing an order of protection and providing relief shall consider the severity of the act, any continuing physical danger or emotional distress to the petitioner, the educational rights guaranteed to the petitioner and respondent under federal and State law, the availability of a transfer of the respondent to another school, a change of placement or a change of program of the respondent, the expense, difficulty, and educational disruption that would be caused by a transfer of the respondent to another school, and any other relevant facts of the case. The court may order that the respondent not attend the public, private, or non-public elementary, middle, or high school attended by the petitioner, order that the respondent accept a change of placement or change of program, as determined by the school district or private or non-public school, or place restrictions on the respondent's movements within the school attended by the petitioner. The respondent bears the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that a transfer, change of placement, or change of program of the respondent is not available. The respondent also bears the burden of production with respect to the expense, difficulty, and educational disruption that would be caused by a transfer of the respondent to another school. A transfer, change of placement, or change of program is not unavailable to the respondent solely on the ground that the respondent does not agree with the school district's or private or non-public school's transfer, change of placement, or change of program or solely on the ground that the respondent fails or refuses to consent or otherwise does not take an action required to effectuate a transfer, change of placement, or change of program. When a court orders a respondent to stay away from the public, private, or non-public school attended by the petitioner and the respondent requests a transfer to another attendance center within the respondent's school district or private or non-public school, the school district or private or non-public school shall have sole discretion to determine the attendance center to which the respondent is transferred. In the event the court order results in a transfer of the minor respondent to another attendance center, a change in the respondent's placement, or a change of the respondent's program, the parents, guardian, or legal custodian of the respondent is responsible for transportation and other costs associated with the transfer or change.
(C) The court may order the parents, guardian, or
legal custodian of a minor respondent to take certain actions or to refrain from taking certain actions to ensure that the respondent complies with the order. In the event the court orders a transfer of the respondent to another school, the parents, guardian, or legal custodian of the respondent is responsible for transportation and other costs associated with the change of school by the respondent.
(4) Counseling. Require or recommend the respondent
to undergo counseling for a specified duration with a social worker, psychologist, clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, family service agency, alcohol or substance abuse program, mental health center guidance counselor, agency providing services to elders, program designed for domestic violence abusers or any other guidance service the court deems appropriate. The Court may order the respondent in any intimate partner relationship to report to an Illinois Department of Human Services protocol approved partner abuse intervention program for an assessment and to follow all recommended treatment.
(5) Physical care and possession of the minor child.
In order to protect the minor child from abuse, neglect, or unwarranted separation from the person who has been the minor child's primary caretaker, or to otherwise protect the well-being of the minor child, the court may do either or both of the following: (i) grant petitioner physical care or possession of the minor child, or both, or (ii) order respondent to return a minor child to, or not remove a minor child from, the physical care of a parent or person in loco parentis.
If a court finds, after a hearing, that respondent
has committed abuse (as defined in Section 103) of a minor child, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that awarding physical care to respondent would not be in the minor child's best interest.
(6) Temporary allocation of parental
responsibilities: significant decision-making. Award temporary decision-making responsibility to petitioner in accordance with this Section, the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, the Illinois Parentage Act of 2015, and this State's Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act.
If a court finds, after a hearing, that respondent
has committed abuse (as defined in Section 103) of a minor child, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that awarding temporary significant decision-making responsibility to respondent would not be in the child's best interest.
(7) Parenting time. Determine the parenting time, if
any, of respondent in any case in which the court awards physical care or allocates temporary significant decision-making responsibility of a minor child to petitioner. The court shall restrict or deny respondent's parenting time with a minor child if the court finds that respondent has done or is likely to do any of the following: (i) abuse or endanger the minor child during parenting time; (ii) use the parenting time as an opportunity to abuse or harass petitioner or petitioner's family or household members; (iii) improperly conceal or detain the minor child; or (iv) otherwise act in a manner that is not in the best interests of the minor child. The court shall not be limited by the standards set forth in Section 603.10 of the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act. If the court grants parenting time, the order shall specify dates and times for the parenting time to take place or other specific parameters or conditions that are appropriate. No order for parenting time shall refer merely to the term "reasonable parenting time".
Petitioner may deny respondent access to the minor
child if, when respondent arrives for parenting time, respondent is under the influence of drugs or alcohol and constitutes a threat to the safety and well-being of petitioner or petitioner's minor children or is behaving in a violent or abusive manner.
If necessary to protect any member of petitioner's
family or household from future abuse, respondent shall be prohibited from coming to petitioner's residence to meet the minor child for parenting time, and the parties shall submit to the court their recommendations for reasonable alternative arrangements for parenting time. A person may be approved to supervise parenting time only after filing an affidavit accepting that responsibility and acknowledging accountability to the court.
(8) Removal or concealment of minor child. Prohibit
respondent from removing a minor child from the State or concealing the child within the State.
(9) Order to appear. Order the respondent to appear
in court, alone or with a minor child, to prevent abuse, neglect, removal or concealment of the child, to return the child to the custody or care of the petitioner or to permit any court-ordered interview or examination of the child or the respondent.
(10) Possession of personal property. Grant
petitioner exclusive possession of personal property and, if respondent has possession or control, direct respondent to promptly make it available to petitioner, if:
(i) petitioner, but not respondent, owns the
(ii) the parties own the property jointly;
sharing it would risk abuse of petitioner by respondent or is impracticable; and the balance of hardships favors temporary possession by petitioner.
If petitioner's sole claim to ownership of the
property is that it is marital property, the court may award petitioner temporary possession thereof under the standards of subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph only if a proper proceeding has been filed under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended.
No order under this provision shall affect title to
(11) Protection of property. Forbid the respondent
from taking, transferring, encumbering, concealing, damaging or otherwise disposing of any real or personal property, except as explicitly authorized by the court, if:
(i) petitioner, but not respondent, owns the
(ii) the parties own the property jointly, and
the balance of hardships favors granting this remedy.
If petitioner's sole claim to ownership of the
property is that it is marital property, the court may grant petitioner relief under subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph only if a proper proceeding has been filed under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended.
The court may further prohibit respondent from
improperly using the financial or other resources of an aged member of the family or household for the profit or advantage of respondent or of any other person.
(11.5) Protection of animals. Grant the petitioner
the exclusive care, custody, or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept, or held by either the petitioner or the respondent or a minor child residing in the residence or household of either the petitioner or the respondent and order the respondent to stay away from the animal and forbid the respondent from taking, transferring, encumbering, concealing, harming, or otherwise disposing of the animal.
(12) Order for payment of support. Order respondent
to pay temporary support for the petitioner or any child in the petitioner's care or over whom the petitioner has been allocated parental responsibility, when the respondent has a legal obligation to support that person, in accordance with the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, which shall govern, among other matters, the amount of support, payment through the clerk and withholding of income to secure payment. An order for child support may be granted to a petitioner with lawful physical care of a child, or an order or agreement for physical care of a child, prior to entry of an order allocating significant decision-making responsibility. Such a support order shall expire upon entry of a valid order allocating parental responsibility differently and vacating the petitioner's significant decision-making authority, unless otherwise provided in the order.
(13) Order for payment of losses. Order respondent to
pay petitioner for losses suffered as a direct result of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation. Such losses shall include, but not be limited to, medical expenses, lost earnings or other support, repair or replacement of property damaged or taken, reasonable attorney's fees, court costs and moving or other travel expenses, including additional reasonable expenses for temporary shelter and restaurant meals.
(i) Losses affecting family needs. If a party is
entitled to seek maintenance, child support or property distribution from the other party under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended, the court may order respondent to reimburse petitioner's actual losses, to the extent that such reimbursement would be "appropriate temporary relief", as authorized by subsection (a)(3) of Section 501 of that Act.
(ii) Recovery of expenses. In the case of an
improper concealment or removal of a minor child, the court may order respondent to pay the reasonable expenses incurred or to be incurred in the search for and recovery of the minor child, including but not limited to legal fees, court costs, private investigator fees, and travel costs.
(14) Prohibition of entry. Prohibit the respondent
from entering or remaining in the residence or household while the respondent is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and constitutes a threat to the safety and well-being of the petitioner or the petitioner's children.
(14.5) Prohibition of firearm possession.
(a) Prohibit a respondent against whom an order
of protection was issued from possessing any firearms during the duration of the order if the order:
(1) was issued after a hearing of which such
person received actual notice, and at which such person had an opportunity to participate;
(2) restrains such person from harassing,
stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and
(3)(i) includes a finding that such person
represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or (ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury.
Any Firearm Owner's Identification Card in the
possession of the respondent, except as provided in subsection (b), shall be ordered by the court to be turned over to the local law enforcement agency. The local law enforcement agency shall immediately mail the card to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office for safekeeping. The court shall issue a warrant for seizure of any firearm in the possession of the respondent, to be kept by the local law enforcement agency for safekeeping, except as provided in subsection (b). The period of safekeeping shall be for the duration of the order of protection. The firearm or firearms and Firearm Owner's Identification Card, if unexpired, shall at the respondent's request, be returned to the respondent at the end of the order of protection. It is the respondent's responsibility to notify the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office.
(b) If the respondent is a peace officer as
defined in Section 2-13 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the court shall order that any firearms used by the respondent in the performance of his or her duties as a peace officer be surrendered to the chief law enforcement executive of the agency in which the respondent is employed, who shall retain the firearms for safekeeping for the duration of the order of protection.
(c) Upon expiration of the period of
safekeeping, if the firearms or Firearm Owner's Identification Card cannot be returned to respondent because respondent cannot be located, fails to respond to requests to retrieve the firearms, or is not lawfully eligible to possess a firearm, upon petition from the local law enforcement agency, the court may order the local law enforcement agency to destroy the firearms, use the firearms for training purposes, or for any other application as deemed appropriate by the local law enforcement agency; or that the firearms be turned over to a third party who is lawfully eligible to possess firearms, and who does not reside with respondent.
(15) Prohibition of access to records. If an order
of protection prohibits respondent from having contact with the minor child, or if petitioner's address is omitted under subsection (b) of Section 203, or if necessary to prevent abuse or wrongful removal or concealment of a minor child, the order shall deny respondent access to, and prohibit respondent from inspecting, obtaining, or attempting to inspect or obtain, school or any other records of the minor child who is in the care of petitioner.
(16) Order for payment of shelter services. Order
respondent to reimburse a shelter providing temporary housing and counseling services to the petitioner for the cost of the services, as certified by the shelter and deemed reasonable by the court.
(17) Order for injunctive relief. Enter injunctive
relief necessary or appropriate to prevent further abuse of a family or household member or further abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a high-risk adult with disabilities or to effectuate one of the granted remedies, if supported by the balance of hardships. If the harm to be prevented by the injunction is abuse or any other harm that one of the remedies listed in paragraphs (1) through (16) of this subsection is designed to prevent, no further evidence is necessary that the harm is an irreparable injury.
(18) Telephone services.
(A) Unless a condition described in subparagraph
(B) of this paragraph exists, the court may, upon request by the petitioner, order a wireless telephone service provider to transfer to the petitioner the right to continue to use a telephone number or numbers indicated by the petitioner and the financial responsibility associated with the number or numbers, as set forth in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph. For purposes of this paragraph (18), the term "wireless telephone service provider" means a provider of commercial mobile service as defined in 47 U.S.C. 332. The petitioner may request the transfer of each telephone number that the petitioner, or a minor child in his or her custody, uses. The clerk of the court shall serve the order on the wireless telephone service provider's agent for service of process provided to the Illinois Commerce Commission. The order shall contain all of the following:
(i) The name and billing telephone number of
the account holder including the name of the wireless telephone service provider that serves the account.
(ii) Each telephone number that will be
(iii) A statement that the provider transfers
to the petitioner all financial responsibility for and right to the use of any telephone number transferred under this paragraph.
(B) A wireless telephone service provider shall
terminate the respondent's use of, and shall transfer to the petitioner use of, the telephone number or numbers indicated in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph unless it notifies the petitioner, within 72 hours after it receives the order, that one of the following applies:
(i) The account holder named in the order has
(ii) A difference in network technology would
prevent or impair the functionality of a device on a network if the transfer occurs.
(iii) The transfer would cause a geographic
or other limitation on network or service provision to the petitioner.
(iv) Another technological or operational
issue would prevent or impair the use of the telephone number if the transfer occurs.
(C) The petitioner assumes all financial
responsibility for and right to the use of any telephone number transferred under this paragraph. In this paragraph, "financial responsibility" includes monthly service costs and costs associated with any mobile device associated with the number.
(D) A wireless telephone service provider may
apply to the petitioner its routine and customary requirements for establishing an account or transferring a number, including requiring the petitioner to provide proof of identification, financial information, and customer preferences.
(E) Except for willful or wanton misconduct, a
wireless telephone service provider is immune from civil liability for its actions taken in compliance with a court order issued under this paragraph.
(F) All wireless service providers that provide
services to residential customers shall provide to the Illinois Commerce Commission the name and address of an agent for service of orders entered under this paragraph (18). Any change in status of the registered agent must be reported to the Illinois Commerce Commission within 30 days of such change.
(G) The Illinois Commerce Commission shall
maintain the list of registered agents for service for each wireless telephone service provider on the Commission's website. The Commission may consult with wireless telephone service providers and the Circuit Court Clerks on the manner in which this information is provided and displayed.
(c) Relevant factors; findings.
(1) In determining whether to grant a specific
remedy, other than payment of support, the court shall consider relevant factors, including but not limited to the following:
(i) the nature, frequency, severity, pattern and
consequences of the respondent's past abuse, neglect or exploitation of the petitioner or any family or household member, including the concealment of his or her location in order to evade service of process or notice, and the likelihood of danger of future abuse, neglect, or exploitation to petitioner or any member of petitioner's or respondent's family or household; and
(ii) the danger that any minor child will be
abused or neglected or improperly relocated from the jurisdiction, improperly concealed within the State or improperly separated from the child's primary caretaker.
(2) In comparing relative hardships resulting to the
parties from loss of possession of the family home, the court shall consider relevant factors, including but not limited to the following:
(i) availability, accessibility, cost, safety,
adequacy, location and other characteristics of alternate housing for each party and any minor child or dependent adult in the party's care;
(ii) the effect on the party's employment; and
(iii) the effect on the relationship of the
party, and any minor child or dependent adult in the party's care, to family, school, church and community.
(3) Subject to the exceptions set forth in paragraph
(4) of this subsection, the court shall make its findings in an official record or in writing, and shall at a minimum set forth the following:
(i) That the court has considered the applicable
relevant factors described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection.
(ii) Whether the conduct or actions of
respondent, unless prohibited, will likely cause irreparable harm or continued abuse.
(iii) Whether it is necessary to grant the
requested relief in order to protect petitioner or other alleged abused persons.
(4) For purposes of issuing an ex parte emergency
order of protection, the court, as an alternative to or as a supplement to making the findings described in paragraphs (c)(3)(i) through (c)(3)(iii) of this subsection, may use the following procedure:
When a verified petition for an emergency order of
protection in accordance with the requirements of Sections 203 and 217 is presented to the court, the court shall examine petitioner on oath or affirmation. An emergency order of protection shall be issued by the court if it appears from the contents of the petition and the examination of petitioner that the averments are sufficient to indicate abuse by respondent and to support the granting of relief under the issuance of the emergency order of protection.
(5) Never married parties. No rights or
responsibilities for a minor child born outside of marriage attach to a putative father until a father and child relationship has been established under the Illinois Parentage Act of 1984, the Illinois Parentage Act of 2015, the Illinois Public Aid Code, Section 12 of the Vital Records Act, the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, the Probate Act of 1975, the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, the Expedited Child Support Act of 1990, any judicial, administrative, or other act of another state or territory, any other Illinois statute, or by any foreign nation establishing the father and child relationship, any other proceeding substantially in conformity with the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-193), or where both parties appeared in open court or at an administrative hearing acknowledging under oath or admitting by affirmation the existence of a father and child relationship. Absent such an adjudication, finding, or acknowledgment, no putative father shall be granted temporary allocation of parental responsibilities, including parenting time with the minor child, or physical care and possession of the minor child, nor shall an order of payment for support of the minor child be entered.
(d) Balance of hardships; findings. If the court finds that the balance
of hardships does not support the granting of a remedy governed by
paragraph (2), (3), (10), (11), or (16) of subsection (b) of this Section,
which may require such balancing, the court's findings shall so
indicate and shall include a finding as to whether granting the remedy will
result in hardship to respondent that would substantially outweigh the hardship
to petitioner from denial of the remedy. The findings shall be an official
record or in writing.
(e) Denial of remedies. Denial of any remedy shall not be based, in
whole or in part, on evidence that:
(1) Respondent has cause for any use of force, unless
that cause satisfies the standards for justifiable use of force provided by Article 7 of the Criminal Code of 2012;
(2) Respondent was voluntarily intoxicated;
(3) Petitioner acted in self-defense or defense of
another, provided that, if petitioner utilized force, such force was justifiable under Article 7 of the Criminal Code of 2012;
(4) Petitioner did not act in self-defense or defense
(5) Petitioner left the residence or household to
avoid further abuse, neglect, or exploitation by respondent;
(6) Petitioner did not leave the residence or
household to avoid further abuse, neglect, or exploitation by respondent;
(7) Conduct by any family or household member excused
the abuse, neglect, or exploitation by respondent, unless that same conduct would have excused such abuse, neglect, or exploitation if the parties had not been family or household members.
(Source: P.A. 99-85, eff. 1-1-16; 99-90, eff. 1-1-16; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16; 100-388, eff. 1-1-18; 100-863, eff. 8-14-18; 100-923, eff. 1-1-19
(750 ILCS 60/223)
(from Ch. 40, par. 2312-23)
Enforcement of orders of protection.
(a) When violation is crime. A violation of any order of protection,
whether issued in a civil or criminal proceeding, shall be enforced
criminal court when:
(1) The respondent commits the crime of violation of
an order of protection pursuant to Section 12-3.4 or 12-30 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, by having knowingly violated:
(i) remedies described in paragraphs (1), (2),
(3), (14), or (14.5) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of this Act; or
(ii) a remedy, which is substantially similar to
the remedies authorized under paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (14), and (14.5) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of this Act, in a valid order of protection which is authorized under the laws of another state, tribe, or United States territory; or
(iii) any other remedy when the act constitutes a
crime against the protected parties as defined by the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
Prosecution for a violation of an order of protection
shall not bar concurrent prosecution for any other crime, including any crime that may have been committed at the time of the violation of the order of protection; or
(2) The respondent commits the crime of child
abduction pursuant to Section 10-5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, by having knowingly violated:
(i) remedies described in paragraphs (5), (6) or
(8) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of this Act; or
(ii) a remedy, which is substantially similar to
the remedies authorized under paragraphs (5), (6), or (8) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of this Act, in a valid order of protection which is authorized under the laws of another state, tribe, or United States territory.
(b) When violation is contempt of court. A violation of any valid
Illinois order of protection, whether issued in a civil or criminal
proceeding, may be enforced through civil or criminal contempt procedures,
as appropriate, by any court with jurisdiction, regardless where the act or
acts which violated the order of protection were committed, to the extent
consistent with the venue provisions of this Act. Nothing in this Act
shall preclude any Illinois court from enforcing any valid order of
protection issued in another state. Illinois courts may enforce orders of
protection through both criminal prosecution and contempt proceedings,
unless the action which is second in time is barred by collateral estoppel
or the constitutional prohibition against double jeopardy.
(1) In a contempt proceeding where the petition for a
rule to show cause sets forth facts evidencing an immediate danger that the respondent will flee the jurisdiction, conceal a child, or inflict physical abuse on the petitioner or minor children or on dependent adults in petitioner's care, the court may order the attachment of the respondent without prior service of the rule to show cause or the petition for a rule to show cause. Bond shall be set unless specifically denied in writing.
(2) A petition for a rule to show cause for violation
of an order of protection shall be treated as an expedited proceeding.
(b-1) The court shall not hold a school district or private or non-public school or any of its employees in civil or criminal contempt unless the school district or private or non-public school has been allowed to intervene.
(b-2) The court may hold the parents, guardian, or legal custodian of a minor respondent in civil or criminal contempt for a violation of any provision of any order entered under this Act for conduct of the minor respondent in violation of this Act if the
parents, guardian, or legal custodian directed, encouraged, or assisted the respondent minor in such conduct.
(c) Violation of custody or support orders or temporary or final judgments allocating parental responsibilities. A violation of remedies
described in paragraphs (5), (6), (8), or (9) of subsection (b) of Section
214 of this Act may be enforced by any remedy provided by Section 607.5 of
the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act. The court may
enforce any order for support issued under paragraph (12) of subsection (b)
of Section 214 in the manner provided for under Parts V and VII of the
Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act.
(d) Actual knowledge. An order of protection may be enforced pursuant to
this Section if the respondent violates the order after the
actual knowledge of its contents as shown through one of the following means:
(1) By service, delivery, or notice under Section 210.
(2) By notice under Section 210.1 or 211.
(3) By service of an order of protection under
(4) By other means demonstrating actual knowledge of
the contents of the order.
(e) The enforcement of an order of protection in civil or criminal court
shall not be affected by either of the following:
(1) The existence of a separate, correlative order,
entered under Section 215.
(2) Any finding or order entered in a conjoined
(f) Circumstances. The court, when determining whether or not a
violation of an order of protection has occurred, shall not require
physical manifestations of abuse on the person of the victim.
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this
subsection, where the court finds the commission of a crime or contempt of court under subsections (a) or (b) of this Section, the penalty shall be the penalty that generally applies in such criminal or contempt proceedings, and may include one or more of the following: incarceration, payment of restitution, a fine, payment of attorneys' fees and costs, or community service.
(2) The court shall hear and take into account
evidence of any factors in aggravation or mitigation before deciding an appropriate penalty under paragraph (1) of this subsection.
(3) To the extent permitted by law, the court is
(i) increase the penalty for the knowing
violation of any order of protection over any penalty previously imposed by any court for respondent's violation of any order of protection or penal statute involving petitioner as victim and respondent as defendant;
(ii) impose a minimum penalty of 24 hours
imprisonment for respondent's first violation of any order of protection; and
(iii) impose a minimum penalty of 48 hours
imprisonment for respondent's second or subsequent violation of an order of protection
unless the court explicitly finds that an increased
penalty or that period of imprisonment would be manifestly unjust.
(4) In addition to any other penalties imposed for a
violation of an order of protection, a criminal court may consider evidence of any violations of an order of protection:
(i) to increase, revoke or modify the bail bond
on an underlying criminal charge pursuant to Section 110-6 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963;
(ii) to revoke or modify an order of probation,
conditional discharge or supervision, pursuant to Section 5-6-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections;
(iii) to revoke or modify a sentence of periodic
imprisonment, pursuant to Section 5-7-2 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
(5) In addition to any other penalties, the court
shall impose an additional fine of $20 as authorized by Section 5-9-1.11 of the Unified Code of Corrections upon any person convicted of or placed on supervision for a violation of an order of protection. The additional fine shall be imposed for each violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-90, eff. 1-1-16