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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 5/) Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.

725 ILCS 5/Tit. I

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. I heading)
TITLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

725 ILCS 5/Art. 100

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 100 heading)
ARTICLE 100. TITLE AND SCOPE

725 ILCS 5/100-1

    (725 ILCS 5/100-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 100-1)
    Sec. 100-1. Short title. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963".
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/100-2

    (725 ILCS 5/100-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 100-2)
    Sec. 100-2. Scope.
    These provisions shall govern the procedure in the courts of Illinois in all criminal proceedings except where provision for a different procedure is specifically provided by law.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 101

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 101 heading)
ARTICLE 101. GENERAL PURPOSES

725 ILCS 5/101-1

    (725 ILCS 5/101-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 101-1)
    Sec. 101-1. General purposes.
    The provisions of this Code shall be construed in accordance with the general purposes hereof, to:
    (a) Secure simplicity in procedure;
    (b) Ensure fairness of administration including the elimination of unjustifiable delay;
    (c) Ensure the effective apprehension and trial of persons accused of crime;
    (d) Provide for the just determination of every criminal proceeding by a fair and impartial trial and an adequate review; and
    (e) Preserve the public welfare and secure the fundamental human rights of individuals.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 102

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 102 heading)
ARTICLE 102. GENERAL DEFINITIONS

725 ILCS 5/102-1

    (725 ILCS 5/102-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-1)
    Sec. 102-1. Meanings of words and phrases.
    For the purposes of this Code, the words and phrases described in this Article have the meanings designated in this Article, except when a particular context clearly requires a different meaning.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-2

    (725 ILCS 5/102-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-2)
    Sec. 102-2. Reference to criminal code for words and phrases not described. A word or phrase not described in this Code but which is described in Article 2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall have the meaning therein described, except when a particular context in this Code clearly requires a different meaning.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/102-3

    (725 ILCS 5/102-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-3)
    Sec. 102-3. Singular term includes plural-Gender.
    A singular term shall include the plural and the masculine gender shall include the feminine except when a particular context clearly requires a different meaning.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-3.5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-3.5)
    Sec. 102-3.5. "Aftercare release". "Aftercare release" means the conditional and revocable release of a person committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, under the supervision of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/102-4

    (725 ILCS 5/102-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-4)
    Sec. 102-4. "Arraignment".
    "Arraignment" means the formal act of calling the defendant into open court, informing him of the offense with which he is charged, and asking him whether he is guilty or not guilty.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-5)
    Sec. 102-5. "Arrest".
    "Arrest" means the taking of a person into custody.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-6

    (725 ILCS 5/102-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-6)
    Sec. 102-6. Pretrial release. "Pretrial release" has the meaning ascribed to bail in Section 9 of Article I of the Illinois Constitution where the sureties provided are nonmonetary in nature.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/102-7

    (725 ILCS 5/102-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-7)
    Sec. 102-7. Conditions of pretrial release. "Conditions of pretrial release" means the requirements imposed upon a criminal defendant by the court under Section 110-5.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/102-7.1

    (725 ILCS 5/102-7.1)
    Sec. 102-7.1. "Category A offense". "Category A offense" means a Class 1 felony, Class 2 felony, Class X felony, first degree murder, a violation of Section 11-204 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a second or subsequent violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of subsection (d) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of Section 11-401 of the Illinois Vehicle Code if the crash results in injury and the person failed to report the crash within 30 minutes, a violation of Section 9-3, 9-3.4, 10-3, 10-3.1, 10-5, 11-6, 11-9.2, 11-20.1, 11-23.5, 11-25, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.05, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, 12-4.4a, 12-5, 12-6, 12-7.1, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-7.5, 12C-5, 24-1.1, 24-1.5, 24-3, 25-1, 26.5-2, or 48-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a second or subsequent violation of 12-3.2 or 12-3.4 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of paragraph (5) or (6) of subsection (b) of Section 10-9 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of subsection (b) or (c) or paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) of Section 11-1.50 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of Section 12-7 of the Criminal Code of 2012 if the defendant inflicts bodily harm on the victim to obtain a confession, statement, or information, a violation of Section 12-7.5 of the Criminal Code of 2012 if the action results in bodily harm, a violation of paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of Section 17-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of subdivision (a)(7)(ii) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of paragraph (6) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a first violation of Section 24-1.6 of the Criminal Code of 2012 by a person 18 years of age or older where the factors listed in both items (A) and (C) or both items (A-5) and (C) of paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1.6 of the Criminal Code of 2012 are present, a Class 3 felony violation of paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of Section 2 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act, or a violation of Section 10 of the Sex Offender Registration Act.
(Source: P.A. 102-982, eff. 7-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/102-7.2

    (725 ILCS 5/102-7.2)
    Sec. 102-7.2. "Category B offense". "Category B offense" means a business offense, petty offense, Class C misdemeanor, Class B misdemeanor, Class A misdemeanor, Class 3 felony, or Class 4 felony, which is not specified in Category A.
(Source: P.A. 100-1, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/102-8

    (725 ILCS 5/102-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-8)
    Sec. 102-8. "Charge".
    "Charge" means a written statement presented to a court accusing a person of the commission of an offense and includes complaint, information and indictment.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-9

    (725 ILCS 5/102-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-9)
    Sec. 102-9. "Complaint".
    "Complaint" means a verified written statement other than an information or an indictment, presented to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-10

    (725 ILCS 5/102-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-10)
    Sec. 102-10. "Court".
    "Court" means a place where justice is judicially administered and includes a judge thereof.
(Source: P.A. 77-1286.)

725 ILCS 5/102-10.5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-10.5)
    Sec. 102-10.5. "Felony". "Felony" has the meaning provided in Section 2-7 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/102-11

    (725 ILCS 5/102-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-11)
    Sec. 102-11. "Indictment".
    "Indictment" means a written statement, presented by the Grand Jury to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-12

    (725 ILCS 5/102-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-12)
    Sec. 102-12. "Information".
    "Information" means a verified written statement signed by a State's Attorney, and presented to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-13

    (725 ILCS 5/102-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-13)
    Sec. 102-13. "Judge".
    "Judge" means a person who is invested by law with the power to perform judicial functions and includes a court when a particular context so requires.
(Source: P.A. 77-1286.)

725 ILCS 5/102-14

    (725 ILCS 5/102-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-14)
    Sec. 102-14. "Judgment".
    "Judgment" means an adjudication by the court that the defendant is guilty or not guilty and if the adjudication is that the defendant is guilty it includes the sentence pronounced by the court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-14.5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-14.5)
    Sec. 102-14.5. "Misdemeanor". "Misdemeanor" has the meaning provided in Section 2-11 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/102-15

    (725 ILCS 5/102-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-15)
    Sec. 102-15. "Offense".
    "Offense" means a violation of any penal statute of this State.
(Source: P.A. 76-1796.)

725 ILCS 5/102-16

    (725 ILCS 5/102-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-16)
    Sec. 102-16. "Parole". "Parole" means the conditional and revocable release of a person committed to the Department of Corrections under the supervision of a paroling authority.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/102-17

    (725 ILCS 5/102-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-17)
    Sec. 102-17. "Preliminary examination".
    "Preliminary examination" means a hearing before a judge to determine if there is probable cause to believe that the person accused has committed an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-18

    (725 ILCS 5/102-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-18)
    Sec. 102-18. "Probation".
    "Probation" means a sentence or adjudication of conditional and revocable release under the supervision of a probation officer.
(Source: P.A. 77-2476.)

725 ILCS 5/102-19

    (725 ILCS 5/102-19) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-19)
    Sec. 102-19. "Recognizance".
    "Recognizance" means an undertaking without security entered into by a person by which he binds himself to comply with such conditions as are set forth therein and which may provide for the forfeiture of a sum set by the court on failure to comply with the conditions thereof.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-20

    (725 ILCS 5/102-20) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-20)
    Sec. 102-20. "Sentence".
    "Sentence" is the disposition imposed on the defendant by the court.
(Source: P.A. 77-2476.)

725 ILCS 5/102-21

    (725 ILCS 5/102-21) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-21)
    Sec. 102-21. Clinical psychologist; court-appointed examiner.
    (a) "Clinical psychologist" means a psychologist licensed under the Clinical Psychologist Licensing Act.
    (b) "Court-appointed examiner" means a clinical social worker as defined in Section 9 of the Clinical Social Work and Social Work Practice Act.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

725 ILCS 5/102-22

    (725 ILCS 5/102-22)
    Sec. 102-22. "Facility director", for the purposes of Article 104, means the chief officer of a mental health or developmental disabilities facility or his or her designee or the supervisor of a program of treatment or habilitation or his or her designee. "Designee" may include a physician, clinical psychologist, social worker, or nurse.
(Source: P.A. 90-105, eff. 7-11-97.)

725 ILCS 5/102-23

    (725 ILCS 5/102-23)
    Sec. 102-23. "Person with a moderate intellectual disability" means a person whose intelligence quotient is between 41 and 55 and who does not suffer from significant mental illness to the extent that the person's ability to exercise rational judgment is impaired.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 103

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 103 heading)
ARTICLE 103. RIGHTS OF ACCUSED

725 ILCS 5/103-1

    (725 ILCS 5/103-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-1)
    Sec. 103-1. Rights on arrest.
    (a) After an arrest on a warrant the person making the arrest shall inform the person arrested that a warrant has been issued for his arrest and the nature of the offense specified in the warrant.
    (b) After an arrest without a warrant the person making the arrest shall inform the person arrested of the nature of the offense on which the arrest is based.
    (b-5) This subsection is intended to implement and be interpreted consistently with the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, to which the United States is a party. Article 36 of that Convention guarantees that when foreign nationals are arrested or detained, they must be advised of their right to have their consular officials notified, and if an individual chooses to exercise that right, a law enforcement official is required to notify the consulate. It does not create any new substantive State right or remedy.
        (1) In accordance with federal law and the provisions
    
of this Section, the law enforcement official in charge of a custodial facility shall ensure that any individual booked and detained at the facility, within 48 hours of booking or detention, shall be advised that if that individual is a foreign national, he or she has a right to communicate with an official from the consulate of his or her country. This subsection (b-5) does not create any affirmative duty to investigate whether an arrestee or detainee is a foreign national.
        (2) If the foreign national requests consular
    
notification or the notification is mandatory by law, the law enforcement official in charge of the custodial facility shall ensure the notice is given to the appropriate officer at the consulate of the foreign national in accordance with the U.S. Department of State Instructions for Consular Notification and Access.
        (3) The law enforcement official in charge of the
    
custodial facility where a foreign national is located shall ensure that the foreign national is allowed to communicate with, correspond with, and be visited by, a consular officer of his or her country.
    (c) No person arrested for a traffic, regulatory or misdemeanor offense, except in cases involving weapons or a controlled substance, shall be strip searched unless there is reasonable belief that the individual is concealing a weapon or controlled substance.
    (d) "Strip search" means having an arrested person remove or arrange some or all of his or her clothing so as to permit a visual inspection of the genitals, buttocks, anus, female breasts or undergarments of such person.
    (e) All strip searches conducted under this Section shall be performed by persons of the same sex as the arrested person and on premises where the search cannot be observed by persons not physically conducting the search.
    (f) Every peace officer or employee of a police department conducting a strip search shall:
        (1) Obtain the written permission of the police
    
commander or an agent thereof designated for the purposes of authorizing a strip search in accordance with this Section.
        (2) Prepare a report of the strip search. The report
    
shall include the written authorization required by paragraph (1) of this subsection (f), the name of the person subjected to the search, the names of the persons conducting the search, and the time, date and place of the search. A copy of the report shall be provided to the person subject to the search.
    (g) No search of any body cavity other than the mouth shall be conducted without a duly executed search warrant; any warrant authorizing a body cavity search shall specify that the search must be performed under sanitary conditions and conducted either by or under the supervision of a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches in this State.
    (h) Any peace officer or employee who knowingly or intentionally fails to comply with any provision of this Section, except subsection (b-5) of this Section, is guilty of official misconduct as provided in Section 103-8; provided however, that nothing contained in this Section shall preclude prosecution of a peace officer or employee under another section of this Code.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed as limiting any statutory or common law rights of any person for purposes of any civil action or injunctive relief.
    (j) The provisions of subsections (c) through (h) of this Section shall not apply when the person is taken into custody by or remanded to the sheriff or correctional institution pursuant to a court order.
(Source: P.A. 99-190, eff. 1-1-16.)

725 ILCS 5/103-2

    (725 ILCS 5/103-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-2)
    Sec. 103-2. Treatment while in custody.
    (a) On being taken into custody every person shall have the right to remain silent.
    (b) No unlawful means of any kind shall be used to obtain a statement, admission or confession from any person in custody.
    (c) Persons in custody shall be treated humanely and provided with proper food, shelter and, if required, medical treatment without unreasonable delay if the need for the treatment is apparent.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 7-1-21.)

725 ILCS 5/103-2.1

    (725 ILCS 5/103-2.1)
    Sec. 103-2.1. When statements by accused may be used.
    (a) In this Section, "custodial interrogation" means any interrogation during which (i) a reasonable person in the subject's position would consider himself or herself to be in custody and (ii) during which a question is asked that is reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response.
    In this Section, "place of detention" means a building or a police station that is a place of operation for a municipal police department or county sheriff department or other law enforcement agency, not a courthouse, that is owned or operated by a law enforcement agency at which persons are or may be held in detention in connection with criminal charges against those persons.
    In this Section, "electronic recording" includes motion picture, audiotape, or videotape, or digital recording.
    (a-5) An oral, written, or sign language statement of a minor, who at the time of the commission of the offense was under 18 years of age, is presumed to be inadmissible when the statement is obtained from the minor while the minor is subject to custodial interrogation by a law enforcement officer, State's Attorney, juvenile officer, or other public official or employee prior to the officer, State's Attorney, public official, or employee:
        (1) continuously reads to the minor, in its entirety
    
and without stopping for purposes of a response from the minor or verifying comprehension, the following statement: "You have the right to remain silent. That means you do not have to say anything. Anything you do say can be used against you in court. You have the right to get help from a lawyer. If you cannot pay for a lawyer, the court will get you one for free. You can ask for a lawyer at any time. You have the right to stop this interview at any time."; and
        (2) after reading the statement required by paragraph
    
(1) of this subsection (a-5), the public official or employee shall ask the minor the following questions and wait for the minor's response to each question:
            (A) "Do you want to have a lawyer?"
            (B) "Do you want to talk to me?"
    (a-10) An oral, written, or sign language statement of a minor, who at the time of the commission of the offense was under 18 years of age, made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence in a criminal proceeding or a juvenile court proceeding for an act that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor offense under Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or a felony offense under the Criminal Code of 2012 unless:
        (1) an electronic recording is made of the custodial
    
interrogation; and
        (2) the recording is substantially accurate and not
    
intentionally altered.
    (b) An oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused in any criminal proceeding brought under Section 9-1, 9-1.2, 9-2, 9-2.1, 9-3, 9-3.2, or 9-3.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or under clause (d)(1)(F) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code unless:
        (1) an electronic recording is made of the custodial
    
interrogation; and
        (2) the recording is substantially accurate and not
    
intentionally altered.
    (b-5) Under the following circumstances, an oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused, unless an electronic recording is made of the custodial interrogation and the recording is substantially accurate and not intentionally altered:
        (1) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
11-1.40 or 20-1.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2014;
        (2) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
10-2, 18-4, or 19-6 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2015; and
        (3) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
11-1.30 or 18-2 or subsection (e) of Section 12-3.05 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2016.
    (b-10) If, during the course of an electronically recorded custodial interrogation conducted under this Section, the accused makes a statement that creates a reasonable suspicion to believe the accused has committed an offense other than an offense required to be recorded under subsection (b) or (b-5), the interrogators may, without the accused's consent, continue to record the interrogation as it relates to the other offense notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary. Any oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of an interrogation under this subsection shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused in any criminal proceeding, unless the recording is substantially accurate and not intentionally altered.
    (c) Every electronic recording made under this Section must be preserved until such time as the defendant's conviction for any offense relating to the statement is final and all direct and habeas corpus appeals are exhausted, or the prosecution of such offenses is barred by law.
    (d) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the defendant was subjected to a custodial interrogation in violation of this Section, then any statements made by the defendant during or following that non-recorded custodial interrogation, even if otherwise in compliance with this Section, are presumed to be inadmissible in any criminal proceeding against the defendant except for the purposes of impeachment.
    (e) Nothing in this Section precludes the admission (i) of a statement made by the accused in open court at his or her trial, before a grand jury, or at a preliminary hearing, (ii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that was not recorded as required by this Section, because electronic recording was not feasible, (iii) of a voluntary statement, whether or not the result of a custodial interrogation, that has a bearing on the credibility of the accused as a witness, (iv) of a spontaneous statement that is not made in response to a question, (v) of a statement made after questioning that is routinely asked during the processing of the arrest of the suspect, (vi) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation by a suspect who requests, prior to making the statement, to respond to the interrogator's questions only if an electronic recording is not made of the statement, provided that an electronic recording is made of the statement of agreeing to respond to the interrogator's question, only if a recording is not made of the statement, (vii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that is conducted out-of-state, (viii) of a statement given in violation of subsection (b) at a time when the interrogators are unaware that a death has in fact occurred, (ix) of a statement given in violation of subsection (b-5) at a time when the interrogators are unaware of facts and circumstances that would create probable cause to believe that the accused committed an offense required to be recorded under subsection (b-5), or (x) of any other statement that may be admissible under law. The State shall bear the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that one of the exceptions described in this subsection (e) is applicable. Nothing in this Section precludes the admission of a statement, otherwise inadmissible under this Section, that is used only for impeachment and not as substantive evidence.
    (f) The presumption of inadmissibility of a statement made by a suspect at a custodial interrogation at a police station or other place of detention may be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence that the statement was voluntarily given and is reliable, based on the totality of the circumstances.
    (g) Any electronic recording of any statement made by an accused during a custodial interrogation that is compiled by any law enforcement agency as required by this Section for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-547, eff. 1-1-14; 99-882, eff. 1-1-17.)

725 ILCS 5/103-2.2

    (725 ILCS 5/103-2.2)
    Sec. 103-2.2. Prohibition of deceptive tactics.
    (a) In this Section:
    "Custodial interrogation" means any interrogation during which (i) a reasonable person in the subject's position would consider himself or herself to be in custody and (ii) during which a question is asked that is reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response.
    "Deception" means the knowing communication of false facts about evidence or unauthorized statements regarding leniency by a law enforcement officer or juvenile officer to a subject of custodial interrogation.
    "Place of detention" means a building or a police station that is a place of operation for a municipal police department or county sheriff department or other law enforcement agency, not a courthouse, that is owned or operated by a law enforcement agency at which persons are or may be held in detention in connection with criminal charges against those persons.
    "Protected person" means: a minor who, at the time of the commission of the offense, was under 18 years of age; or a person with a severe or profound intellectual disability.
    (b) An oral, written, or sign language confession of a protected person made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the protected person making the confession in a criminal proceeding or a juvenile court proceeding for an act that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor offense under Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or a felony offense under the Criminal Code of 2012 if, during the custodial interrogation, a law enforcement officer or juvenile officer knowingly engages in deception.
    (c) The presumption of inadmissibility of a confession of a protected person at a custodial interrogation at a police station or other place of detention, when such confession is procured through the knowing use of deception, may be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence that the confession was voluntarily given, based on the totality of the circumstances.
    (d) The burden of going forward with the evidence and the burden of proving that a confession was voluntary shall be on the State. Objection to the failure of the State to call all material witnesses on the issue of whether the confession was voluntary must be made in the trial court.
(Source: P.A. 102-101, eff. 1-1-22; 103-341, eff. 1-1-24.)

725 ILCS 5/103-3

    (725 ILCS 5/103-3)
    Sec. 103-3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 102-28, eff. 6-25-21. Repealed by P.A. 102-694, eff. 1-7-22.)

725 ILCS 5/103-3.5

    (725 ILCS 5/103-3.5)
    Sec. 103-3.5. Right to communicate with attorney and family; transfers; presumption of inadmissibility.
    (a) Persons who are in police custody shall have the right to communicate free of charge with an attorney of his or her choice and members of his or her family as soon as possible upon being taken into police custody, but no later than 3 hours of arrival at the first place of detention. Persons in police custody must be given access to use a telephone via a landline or cellular phone to make 3 telephone calls.
    (b) In accordance with Section 103-7, at every police facility where a person is in police custody, a sign containing at minimum, the following information in bold block type must be posted in a conspicuous place:
        (1) a short statement notifying persons who are in
    
police custody of their right to have access to a phone within 3 hours of being taken into police custody; and
        (2) that persons who are in police custody have the
    
right to make 3 phone calls within 3 hours of being taken into custody, at no charge.
    (c) In addition to the information listed in subsection (b), if the place of detention is located in a jurisdiction where the court has appointed the public defender or other attorney to represent persons who are in police custody, the telephone number to the public defender or other attorney's office must also be displayed. The telephone call to the public defender or other attorney must not be monitored, eavesdropped upon, or recorded.
    (d) If a person who is in police custody is transferred to a new place of detention, that person's right to make 3 telephone calls under this Section within 3 hours of arrival is renewed.
    (e) Statements made by a person who is detained in police custody in violation of this section are presumed inadmissible in court as evidence. The presumption of inadmissibility may be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence that the statement was voluntarily given and is reliable, based on the totality of the circumstances. As used in this subsection, "totality of the circumstances" includes, but is not limited to, evidence that law enforcement knowingly prevented or delayed a person's right to communicate or failed to comply with the requirements of this Section.
    (f) The 3-hour requirement under this Section shall not apply while the person in police custody is asleep, unconscious, or otherwise incapacitated or an exigent circumstance prevents the officers from timely complying with this Section. If this occurs, it must be documented within the police report detailing the exigent circumstance. Once the exigent circumstance ends, the right to make 3 phone calls within 3 hours resumes.
    (g) In accordance with this Section, the following records shall be maintained: (i) the number of phone calls the person made while in custody; (ii) the time or times the person made phone calls; and (iii) if the person did not make any phone calls, a statement of the reason or reasons why no calls were made.
    (h) For purposes of this Section, "place of detention" means a building or a police station that is a place of operation for a municipal police department or county sheriff department or other law enforcement agency, other than a courthouse, that is owned or operated by a law enforcement agency, or other building, such as a school or hospital, where persons are held in detention in connection with criminal charges against those persons.
(Source: P.A. 102-694, eff. 1-7-22.)

725 ILCS 5/103-4

    (725 ILCS 5/103-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-4)
    Sec. 103-4. Right to consult with attorney.
    Any person committed, imprisoned or restrained of his liberty for any cause whatever and whether or not such person is charged with an offense shall, except in cases of imminent danger of escape, be allowed to consult with any licensed attorney at law of this State whom such person may desire to see or consult, alone and in private at the place of custody, as many times and for such period each time as is reasonable. When any such person is about to be moved beyond the limits of this State under any pretense whatever the person to be moved shall be entitled to a reasonable delay for the purpose of obtaining counsel and of availing himself of the laws of this State for the security of personal liberty.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/103-5

    (725 ILCS 5/103-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-5)
    Sec. 103-5. Speedy trial.)
    (a) Every person in custody in this State for an alleged offense shall be tried by the court having jurisdiction within 120 days from the date he or she was taken into custody unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness to stand trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal. Delay shall be considered to be agreed to by the defendant unless he or she objects to the delay by making a written demand for trial or an oral demand for trial on the record. The provisions of this subsection (a) do not apply to a person on pretrial release or recognizance for an offense but who is in custody for a violation of his or her parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release for another offense.
    The 120-day term must be one continuous period of incarceration. In computing the 120-day term, separate periods of incarceration may not be combined. If a defendant is taken into custody a second (or subsequent) time for the same offense, the term will begin again at day zero.
    (b) Every person on pretrial release or recognizance shall be tried by the court having jurisdiction within 160 days from the date defendant demands trial unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness to stand trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal. The defendant's failure to appear for any court date set by the court operates to waive the defendant's demand for trial made under this subsection.
    For purposes of computing the 160 day period under this subsection (b), every person who was in custody for an alleged offense and demanded trial and is subsequently released on pretrial release or recognizance and demands trial, shall be given credit for time spent in custody following the making of the demand while in custody. Any demand for trial made under this subsection (b) shall be in writing; and in the case of a defendant not in custody, the demand for trial shall include the date of any prior demand made under this provision while the defendant was in custody.
    (c) If the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain evidence material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such evidence may be obtained at a later day the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 60 days. If the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain results of DNA testing that is material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such results may be obtained at a later day, the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 120 days.
    (d) Every person not tried in accordance with subsections (a), (b) and (c) of this Section shall be discharged from custody or released from the obligations of his pretrial release or recognizance.
    (e) If a person is simultaneously in custody upon more than one charge pending against him in the same county, or simultaneously demands trial upon more than one charge pending against him in the same county, he shall be tried, or adjudged guilty after waiver of trial, upon at least one such charge before expiration relative to any of such pending charges of the period prescribed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section. Such person shall be tried upon all of the remaining charges thus pending within 160 days from the date on which judgment relative to the first charge thus prosecuted is rendered pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections or, if such trial upon such first charge is terminated without judgment and there is no subsequent trial of, or adjudication of guilt after waiver of trial of, such first charge within a reasonable time, the person shall be tried upon all of the remaining charges thus pending within 160 days from the date on which such trial is terminated; if either such period of 160 days expires without the commencement of trial of, or adjudication of guilt after waiver of trial of, any of such remaining charges thus pending, such charge or charges shall be dismissed and barred for want of prosecution unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness for trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal; provided, however, that if the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain evidence material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such evidence may be obtained at a later day the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 60 days.
    (f) Delay occasioned by the defendant shall temporarily suspend for the time of the delay the period within which a person shall be tried as prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e) of this Section and on the day of expiration of the delay the said period shall continue at the point at which it was suspended. Where such delay occurs within 21 days of the end of the period within which a person shall be tried as prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e) of this Section, the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 21 days beyond the period prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e). This subsection (f) shall become effective on, and apply to persons charged with alleged offenses committed on or after, March 1, 1977.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/103-6

    (725 ILCS 5/103-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-6)
    Sec. 103-6. Waiver of jury trial. Every person accused of an offense shall have the right to a trial by jury unless (i) understandingly waived by defendant in open court or (ii) the offense is an ordinance violation punishable by fine only and the defendant either fails to file a demand for a trial by jury at the time of entering his or her plea of not guilty or fails to pay to the clerk of the circuit court at the time of entering his or her plea of not guilty any jury fee required to be paid to the clerk.
(Source: P.A. 86-1386.)

725 ILCS 5/103-7

    (725 ILCS 5/103-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-7)
    Sec. 103-7. Posting notice of rights. Every sheriff, chief of police or other person who is in charge of any jail, police station or other building where persons under arrest are held in custody pending investigation, pretrial release or other criminal proceedings, shall post in every room, other than cells, of such buildings where persons are held in custody, in conspicuous places where it may be seen and read by persons in custody and others, a poster, printed in large type, containing a verbatim copy in the English language of the provisions of Sections 103-2, 103-3, 103-4, 109-1, 110-2, 110-4, and 113-3 of this Code. Each person who is in charge of any courthouse or other building in which any trial of an offense is conducted shall post in each room primarily used for such trials and in each room in which defendants are confined or wait, pending trial, in conspicuous places where it may be seen and read by persons in custody and others, a poster, printed in large type, containing a verbatim copy in the English language of the provisions of Sections 103-6, 113-1, 113-4 and 115-1 and of subparts (a) and (b) of Section 113-3 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/103-8

    (725 ILCS 5/103-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-8)
    Sec. 103-8. Mandatory duty of officers. Any peace officer who intentionally prevents the exercise by an accused of any right conferred by this Article or who intentionally fails to perform any act required of him by this Article shall be guilty of official misconduct and may be punished in accordance with Section 33-3 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/103-9

    (725 ILCS 5/103-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-9)
    Sec. 103-9. Bail bondsmen. No bail bondsman from any state may seize or transport unwillingly any person found in this State who is allegedly in violation of a bail bond posted in some other state or conditions of pretrial release. The return of any such person to another state may be accomplished only as provided by the laws of this State. Any bail bondsman who violates this Section is fully subject to the criminal and civil penalties provided by the laws of this State for his actions.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 104

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 104 heading)
ARTICLE 104. FITNESS FOR TRIAL, TO PLEAD OR TO BE SENTENCED

725 ILCS 5/104-10

    (725 ILCS 5/104-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-10)
    Sec. 104-10. Presumption of Fitness; Fitness Standard.) A defendant is presumed to be fit to stand trial or to plead, and be sentenced. A defendant is unfit if, because of his mental or physical condition, he is unable to understand the nature and purpose of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-11

    (725 ILCS 5/104-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-11)
    Sec. 104-11. Raising Issue; Burden; Fitness Motions.) (a) The issue of the defendant's fitness for trial, to plead, or to be sentenced may be raised by the defense, the State or the Court at any appropriate time before a plea is entered or before, during, or after trial. When a bonafide doubt of the defendant's fitness is raised, the court shall order a determination of the issue before proceeding further.
    (b) Upon request of the defendant that a qualified expert be appointed to examine him or her to determine prior to trial if a bonafide doubt as to his or her fitness to stand trial may be raised, the court, in its discretion, may order an appropriate examination. However, no order entered pursuant to this subsection shall prevent further proceedings in the case. An expert so appointed shall examine the defendant and make a report as provided in Section 104-15. Upon the filing with the court of a verified statement of services rendered, the court shall enter an order on the county board to pay such expert a reasonable fee stated in the order.
    (c) When a bonafide doubt of the defendant's fitness has been raised, the burden of proving that the defendant is fit by a preponderance of the evidence and the burden of going forward with the evidence are on the State. However, the court may call its own witnesses and conduct its own inquiry.
    (d) Following a finding of unfitness, the court may hear and rule on any pretrial motion or motions if the defendant's presence is not essential to a fair determination of the issues. A motion may be reheard upon a showing that evidence is available which was not available, due to the defendant's unfitness, when the motion was first decided.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-12

    (725 ILCS 5/104-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-12)
    Sec. 104-12. Right to Jury.) The issue of the defendant's fitness may be determined in the first instance by the court or by a jury. The defense or the State may demand a jury or the court on its own motion may order a jury. However, when the issue is raised after trial has begun or after conviction but before sentencing, or when the issue is to be redetermined under Section 104-20 or 104-27, the issue shall be determined by the court.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-13

    (725 ILCS 5/104-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-13)
    Sec. 104-13. Fitness examination.
    (a) When the issue of fitness involves the defendant's mental condition, the court shall order an examination of the defendant by one or more licensed physicians, clinical psychologists, or psychiatrists chosen by the court. No physician, clinical psychologist or psychiatrist employed by the Department of Human Services shall be ordered to perform, in his official capacity, an examination under this Section.
    (b) If the issue of fitness involves the defendant's physical condition, the court shall appoint one or more physicians and in addition, such other experts as it may deem appropriate to examine the defendant and to report to the court regarding the defendant's condition.
    (c) An examination ordered under this Section shall be given at the place designated by the person who will conduct the examination, except that if the defendant is being held in custody, the examination shall take place at such location as the court directs. No examinations under this Section shall be ordered to take place at mental health or developmental disabilities facilities operated by the Department of Human Services. If the defendant fails to keep appointments without reasonable cause or if the person conducting the examination reports to the court that diagnosis requires hospitalization or extended observation, the court may order the defendant admitted to an appropriate facility for an examination, other than a screening examination, for not more than 7 days. The court may, upon a showing of good cause, grant an additional 7 days to complete the examination.
    (d) Release on pretrial release or on recognizance shall not be revoked and an application therefor shall not be denied on the grounds that an examination has been ordered.
    (e) Upon request by the defense and if the defendant is indigent, the court may appoint, in addition to the expert or experts chosen pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section, a qualified expert selected by the defendant to examine him and to make a report as provided in Section 104-15. Upon the filing with the court of a verified statement of services rendered, the court shall enter an order on the county board to pay such expert a reasonable fee stated in the order.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/104-14

    (725 ILCS 5/104-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-14)
    Sec. 104-14. Use of Statements Made During Examination or Treatment.) (a) Statements made by the defendant and information gathered in the course of any examination or treatment ordered under Section 104-13, 104-17 or 104-20 shall not be admissible against the defendant unless he raises the defense of insanity or the defense of drugged or intoxicated condition, in which case they shall be admissible only on the issue of whether he was insane, drugged, or intoxicated. The refusal of the defendant to cooperate in such examinations shall not preclude the raising of the aforesaid defenses but shall preclude the defendant from offering expert evidence or testimony tending to support such defenses if the expert evidence or testimony is based upon the expert's examination of the defendant.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of this Section, no statement made by the defendant in the course of any examination or treatment ordered under Section 104-13, 104-17 or 104-20 which relates to the crime charged or to other criminal acts shall be disclosed by persons conducting the examination or the treatment, except to members of the examining or treating team, without the informed written consent of the defendant, who is competent at the time of giving such consent.
    (c) The court shall advise the defendant of the limitations on the use of any statements made or information gathered in the course of the fitness examination or subsequent treatment as provided in this Section. It shall also advise him that he may refuse to cooperate with the person conducting the examination, but that his refusal may be admissible into evidence on the issue of his mental or physical condition.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-15

    (725 ILCS 5/104-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-15)
    Sec. 104-15. Report.
    (a) The person or persons conducting an examination of the defendant, pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of Section 104-13 shall submit a written report to the court, the State, and the defense within 30 days of the date of the order. The report shall include:
        (1) A diagnosis and an explanation as to how it was
    
reached and the facts upon which it is based;
        (2) A description of the defendant's mental or
    
physical disability, if any; its severity; and an opinion as to whether and to what extent it impairs the defendant's ability to understand the nature and purpose of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense, or both.
    (b) If the report indicates that the defendant is not fit to stand trial or to plead because of a disability, the report shall include an opinion as to the likelihood of the defendant attaining fitness within a period of time from the date of the finding of unfitness if provided with a course of treatment. For a defendant charged with a felony, the period of time shall be one year. For a defendant charged with a misdemeanor, the period of time shall be no longer than the maximum term of imprisonment for the most serious offense. If the person or persons preparing the report are unable to form such an opinion, the report shall state the reasons therefor. The report may include a general description of the type of treatment needed and of the least physically restrictive form of treatment therapeutically appropriate.
    (c) The report shall indicate what information, if any, contained therein may be harmful to the mental condition of the defendant if made known to him.
    (d) In addition to the report, a person retained or appointed by the State or the defense to conduct an examination shall, upon written request, make his or her notes, other evaluations reviewed or relied upon by the testifying witness, and any videotaped interviews available to another examiner of the defendant. All forensic interviews conducted by a person retained or appointed by the State or the defense shall be videotaped unless doing so would be impractical. In the event that the interview is not videotaped, the examiner may still testify as to the person's fitness and the court may only consider the lack of compliance in according the weight and not the admissibility of the expert testimony. An examiner may use these materials as part of his or her diagnosis and explanation but shall not otherwise disclose the contents, including at a hearing before the court, except as otherwise provided in Section 104-14 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-424, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/104-16

    (725 ILCS 5/104-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-16)
    Sec. 104-16. Fitness Hearing.) (a) The court shall conduct a hearing to determine the issue of the defendant's fitness within 45 days of receipt of the final written report of the person or persons conducting the examination or upon conclusion of the matter then pending before it, subject to continuances allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act.
    (b) Subject to the rules of evidence, matters admissible on the issue of the defendant's fitness include, but are not limited to, the following:
    (1) The defendant's knowledge and understanding of the charge, the proceedings, the consequences of a plea, judgment or sentence, and the functions of the participants in the trial process;
    (2) The defendant's ability to observe, recollect and relate occurrences, especially those concerning the incidents alleged, and to communicate with counsel;
    (3) The defendant's social behavior and abilities; orientation as to time and place; recognition of persons, places and things; and performance of motor processes.
    (c) The defendant has the right to be present at every hearing on the issue of his fitness. The defendant's presence may be waived only if there is filed with the court a certificate stating that the defendant is physically unable to be present and the reasons therefor. The certificate shall be signed by a licensed physician who, within 7 days, has examined the defendant.
    (d) On the basis of the evidence before it, the court or jury shall determine whether the defendant is fit to stand trial or to plead. If it finds that the defendant is unfit, the court or the jury shall determine whether there is substantial probability that the defendant, if provided with a course of treatment, will attain fitness within one year. If the court or the jury finds that there is not a substantial probability, the court shall proceed as provided in Section 104-23. If such probability is found or if the court or the jury is unable to determine whether a substantial probability exists, the court shall order the defendant to undergo treatment for the purpose of rendering him fit. In the event that a defendant is ordered to undergo treatment when there has been no determination as to the probability of his attaining fitness, the court shall conduct a hearing as soon as possible following the receipt of the report filed pursuant to paragraph (d) of Section 104-17, unless the hearing is waived by the defense, and shall make a determination as to whether a substantial probability exists.
    (e) An order finding the defendant unfit is a final order for purposes of appeal by the State or the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-17

    (725 ILCS 5/104-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-17)
    Sec. 104-17. Commitment for treatment; treatment plan.
    (a) If the defendant is eligible to be or has been released on pretrial release or on his own recognizance, the court shall select the least physically restrictive form of treatment therapeutically appropriate and consistent with the treatment plan. The placement may be ordered either on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
    (b) If the defendant's disability is mental, the court may order him placed for secure treatment in the custody of the Department of Human Services, or the court may order him placed in the custody of any other appropriate public or private mental health facility or treatment program which has agreed to provide treatment to the defendant. If the most serious charge faced by the defendant is a misdemeanor, the court shall order outpatient treatment, unless the court finds good cause on the record to order inpatient treatment. If the court orders the defendant to inpatient treatment in the custody of the Department of Human Services, the Department shall evaluate the defendant to determine the most appropriate secure facility to receive the defendant and, within 20 days of the transmittal by the clerk of the circuit court of the court's placement order, notify the court of the designated facility to receive the defendant. The Department shall admit the defendant to a secure facility within 60 days of the transmittal of the court's placement order, unless the Department can demonstrate good faith efforts at placement and a lack of bed and placement availability. If placement cannot be made within 60 days of the transmittal of the court's placement order and the Department has demonstrated good faith efforts at placement and a lack of bed and placement availability, the Department shall provide an update to the ordering court every 30 days until the defendant is placed. Once bed and placement availability is determined, the Department shall notify the sheriff who shall promptly transport the defendant to the designated facility. If the defendant is placed in the custody of the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting. During the period of time required to determine bed and placement availability at the designated facility, the defendant shall remain in jail. If during the course of evaluating the defendant for placement, the Department of Human Services determines that the defendant is currently fit to stand trial, it shall immediately notify the court and shall submit a written report within 7 days. In that circumstance the placement shall be held pending a court hearing on the Department's report. Otherwise, upon completion of the placement process, including identifying bed and placement availability, the sheriff shall be notified and shall transport the defendant to the designated facility. If, within 60 days of the transmittal by the clerk of the circuit court of the court's placement order, the Department fails to provide the sheriff with notice of bed and placement availability at the designated facility, the sheriff shall contact the Department to inquire about when a placement will become available at the designated facility as well as bed and placement availability at other secure facilities. The Department shall respond to the sheriff within 2 business days of the notice and inquiry by the sheriff seeking the transfer and the Department shall provide the sheriff with the status of the evaluation, information on bed and placement availability, and an estimated date of admission for the defendant and any changes to that estimated date of admission. If the Department notifies the sheriff during the 2 business day period of a facility operated by the Department with placement availability, the sheriff shall promptly transport the defendant to that facility. The placement may be ordered either on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
    (c) If the defendant's disability is physical, the court may order him placed under the supervision of the Department of Human Services which shall place and maintain the defendant in a suitable treatment facility or program, or the court may order him placed in an appropriate public or private facility or treatment program which has agreed to provide treatment to the defendant. The placement may be ordered either on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
    (d) The clerk of the circuit court shall within 5 days of the entry of the order transmit to the Department, agency or institution, if any, to which the defendant is remanded for treatment, the following:
        (1) a certified copy of the order to undergo
    
treatment. Accompanying the certified copy of the order to undergo treatment shall be the complete copy of any report prepared under Section 104-15 of this Code or other report prepared by a forensic examiner for the court;
        (2) the county and municipality in which the offense
    
was committed;
        (3) the county and municipality in which the arrest
    
took place;
        (4) a copy of the arrest report, criminal charges,
    
arrest record; and
        (5) all additional matters which the Court directs
    
the clerk to transmit.
    (e) Within 30 days of admission to the designated facility, the person supervising the defendant's treatment shall file with the court, the State, and the defense a report assessing the facility's or program's capacity to provide appropriate treatment for the defendant and indicating his opinion as to the probability of the defendant's attaining fitness within a period of time from the date of the finding of unfitness. For a defendant charged with a felony, the period of time shall be one year. For a defendant charged with a misdemeanor, the period of time shall be no longer than the sentence if convicted of the most serious offense. If the report indicates that there is a substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness within the time period, the treatment supervisor shall also file a treatment plan which shall include:
        (1) A diagnosis of the defendant's disability;
        (2) A description of treatment goals with respect to
    
rendering the defendant fit, a specification of the proposed treatment modalities, and an estimated timetable for attainment of the goals;
        (3) An identification of the person in charge of
    
supervising the defendant's treatment.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1118, eff. 1-18-23.)

725 ILCS 5/104-18

    (725 ILCS 5/104-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-18)
    Sec. 104-18. Progress reports.
    (a) The treatment supervisor shall submit a written progress report to the court, the State, and the defense:
        (1) At least 7 days prior to the date for any hearing
    
on the issue of the defendant's fitness;
        (2) Whenever he believes that the defendant has
    
attained fitness;
        (3) Whenever he believes that there is not a
    
substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness, with treatment, within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the date of the original finding of unfitness.
    (b) The progress report shall contain:
        (1) The clinical findings of the treatment supervisor
    
and the facts upon which the findings are based;
        (2) The opinion of the treatment supervisor as to
    
whether the defendant has attained fitness or as to whether the defendant is making progress, under treatment, toward attaining fitness within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the date of the original finding of unfitness;
        (3) If the defendant is receiving medication,
    
information from the prescribing physician indicating the type, the dosage and the effect of the medication on the defendant's appearance, actions and demeanor.
    (c) Whenever the court is sent a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the treatment provider shall arrange with the county jail for the immediate return of the defendant to the county jail under subsection (e) of Section 104-20 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-27, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/104-19

    (725 ILCS 5/104-19) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-19)
    Sec. 104-19. Records.) Any report filed of record with the court concerning diagnosis, treatment or treatment plans made pursuant to this Article shall not be placed in the defendant's court record but shall be maintained separately by the clerk of the court and shall be available only to the court or an appellate court, the State and the defense, a facility or program which is providing treatment to the defendant pursuant to an order of the court or such other persons as the court may direct.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-20

    (725 ILCS 5/104-20) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-20)
    Sec. 104-20. Ninety-day hearings; continuing treatment.)
    (a) Upon entry or continuation of any order to undergo treatment, the court shall set a date for hearing to reexamine the issue of the defendant's fitness not more than 90 days thereafter. In addition, whenever the court receives a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment pursuant to subparagraph (3) of paragraph (a) of Section 104-18, the court shall forthwith set the matter for a first hearing within 14 days unless good cause is demonstrated why the hearing cannot be held. On the date set or upon conclusion of the matter then pending before it, the court, sitting without a jury, shall conduct a hearing, unless waived by the defense, and shall determine:
        (1) Whether the defendant is fit to stand trial or to
    
plead; and if not,
        (2) Whether the defendant is making progress under
    
treatment toward attainment of fitness within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the date of the original finding of unfitness.
    (b) If the court finds the defendant to be fit pursuant to this Section, the court shall set the matter for trial; provided that if the defendant is in need of continued care or treatment and the supervisor of the defendant's treatment agrees to continue to provide it, the court may enter any order it deems appropriate for the continued care or treatment of the defendant by the facility or program pending the conclusion of the criminal proceedings.
    (c) If the court finds that the defendant is still unfit but that he is making progress toward attaining fitness, the court may continue or modify its original treatment order entered pursuant to Section 104-17.
    (d) If the court finds that the defendant is still unfit and that he is not making progress toward attaining fitness such that there is not a substantial probability that he will attain fitness within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the date of the original finding of unfitness, the court shall proceed pursuant to Section 104-23. However, if the defendant is in need of continued care and treatment and the supervisor of the defendant's treatment agrees to continue to provide it, the court may enter any order it deems appropriate for the continued care or treatment by the facility or program pending the conclusion of the criminal proceedings.
    (e) Whenever the court receives a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of Section 104-18 of this Code, the court shall immediately enter an order directing the sheriff to return the defendant to the county jail and set the matter for trial. At any time the issue of the defendant's fitness can be raised again under Section 104-11 of this Code. If the court finds that the defendant is still unfit after being recommended as fit by the supervisor of the defendant's treatment, the court shall attach a copy of any written report that identifies the factors in the finding that the defendant continues to be unfit, prepared by a licensed physician, clinical psychologist, or psychiatrist, to the court order remanding the person for further treatment.
(Source: P.A. 99-140, eff. 1-1-16; 100-27, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/104-21

    (725 ILCS 5/104-21) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-21)
    Sec. 104-21. Medication.
    (a) A defendant who is receiving psychotropic drugs shall not be presumed to be unfit to stand trial solely by virtue of the receipt of those drugs or medications.
    (b) Whenever a defendant who is receiving medication under medical direction is transferred between a place of custody and a treatment facility or program, a written report from the prescribing physician shall accompany the defendant. The report shall state the type and dosage of the defendant's medication and the duration of the prescription. The chief officer of the place of custody or the treatment supervisor at the facility or program shall insure that such medication is provided according to the directions of the prescribing physician or until superseded by order of a physician who has examined the defendant.
    (c) If a defendant refuses psychotropic medication, it may be administered over the defendant's objections in accord with the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code. If court authorized medications are sought, the petition, prepared in accord with Section 2-107.1 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code may be filed in the county where the defendant is located or with the court having jurisdiction over the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 98-1025, eff. 8-22-14.)

725 ILCS 5/104-22

    (725 ILCS 5/104-22) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-22)
    Sec. 104-22. Trial with special provisions and assistance.) (a) On motion of the defendant, the State or on the court's own motion, the court shall determine whether special provisions or assistance will render the defendant fit to stand trial as defined in Section 104-10.
    (b) Such special provisions or assistance may include but are not limited to:
    (1) Appointment of qualified translators who shall simultaneously translate all testimony at trial into language understood by the defendant.
    (2) Appointment of experts qualified to assist a defendant who because of a disability is unable to understand the proceedings or communicate with his or her attorney.
    (c) The case may proceed to trial only if the court determines that such provisions or assistance compensate for a defendant's disabilities so as to render the defendant fit as defined in Section 104-10. In such cases the court shall state for the record the following:
    (1) The qualifications and experience of the experts or other persons appointed to provide special assistance to the defendant;
    (2) The court's reasons for selecting or appointing the particular experts or other persons to provide the special assistance to the defendant;
    (3) How the appointment of the particular expert or other persons will serve the goal of rendering the defendant fit in view of the appointee's qualifications and experience, taken in conjunction with the particular disabilities of the defendant; and
    (4) Any other factors considered by the court in appointing that individual.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-23

    (725 ILCS 5/104-23) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-23)
    Sec. 104-23. Unfit defendants. Cases involving an unfit defendant who demands a discharge hearing or a defendant who cannot become fit to stand trial and for whom no special provisions or assistance can compensate for his disability and render him fit shall proceed in the following manner:
    (a) Upon a determination that there is not a substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the original finding of unfitness, the court shall hold a discharge hearing within 60 days, unless good cause is shown for the delay.
    (b) If at any time the court determines that there is not a substantial probability that the defendant will become fit to stand trial or to plead within the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from the date of the original finding of unfitness, or if at the end of the time period set in subsection (e) of Section 104-17 of this Code from that date the court finds the defendant still unfit and for whom no special provisions or assistance can compensate for his disabilities and render him fit, the State shall request the court:
        (1) To set the matter for hearing pursuant to Section
    
104-25 unless a hearing has already been held pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section; or
        (2) To release the defendant from custody and to
    
dismiss with prejudice the charges against him; or
        (3) To remand the defendant to the custody of the
    
Department of Human Services and order a hearing to be conducted pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, as now or hereafter amended. The Department of Human Services shall have 7 days from the date it receives the defendant to prepare and file the necessary petition and certificates that are required for commitment under the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code. If the defendant is committed to the Department of Human Services pursuant to such hearing, the court having jurisdiction over the criminal matter shall dismiss the charges against the defendant, with the leave to reinstate. In such cases the Department of Human Services shall notify the court, the State's attorney and the defense attorney upon the discharge of the defendant. A former defendant so committed shall be treated in the same manner as any other civilly committed patient for all purposes including admission, selection of the place of treatment and the treatment modalities, entitlement to rights and privileges, transfer, and discharge. A defendant who is not committed shall be remanded to the court having jurisdiction of the criminal matter for disposition pursuant to subparagraph (1) or (2) of paragraph (b) of this Section.
    (c) If the defendant is restored to fitness and the original charges against him are reinstated, the speedy trial provisions of Section 103-5 shall commence to run.
(Source: P.A. 102-1118, eff. 1-18-23.)

725 ILCS 5/104-24

    (725 ILCS 5/104-24) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-24)
    Sec. 104-24. Time Credit. Time spent in custody pursuant to orders issued under Section 104-17 or 104-20 or pursuant to a commitment to the Department of Human Services following a finding of unfitness or incompetency under prior law, shall be credited against any sentence imposed on the defendant in the pending criminal case or in any other case arising out of the same conduct.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-25

    (725 ILCS 5/104-25) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-25)
    Sec. 104-25. Discharge hearing.
    (a) As provided for in paragraph (a) of Section 104-23 and subparagraph (1) of paragraph (b) of Section 104-23 a hearing to determine the sufficiency of the evidence shall be held. Such hearing shall be conducted by the court without a jury. The State and the defendant may introduce evidence relevant to the question of defendant's guilt of the crime charged.
    The court may admit hearsay or affidavit evidence on secondary matters such as testimony to establish the chain of possession of physical evidence, laboratory reports, authentication of transcripts taken by official reporters, court and business records, and public documents.
    (b) If the evidence does not prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, the court shall enter a judgment of acquittal; however nothing herein shall prevent the State from requesting the court to commit the defendant to the Department of Human Services under the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.
    (c) If the defendant is found not guilty by reason of insanity, the court shall enter a judgment of acquittal and the proceedings after acquittal by reason of insanity under Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections shall apply.
    (d) If the discharge hearing does not result in an acquittal of the charge the defendant may be remanded for further treatment and the one year time limit set forth in Section 104-23 shall be extended as follows:
        (1) If the most serious charge upon which the State
    
sustained its burden of proof was a Class 1 or Class X felony, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum treatment period of 2 years; if a Class 2, 3, or 4 felony, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum of 15 months;
        (2) If the State sustained its burden of proof on a
    
charge of first degree murder, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum treatment period of 5 years.
    (e) Transcripts of testimony taken at a discharge hearing may be admitted in evidence at a subsequent trial of the case, subject to the rules of evidence, if the witness who gave such testimony is legally unavailable at the time of the subsequent trial.
    (f) If the court fails to enter an order of acquittal the defendant may appeal from such judgment in the same manner provided for an appeal from a conviction in a criminal case.
    (g) At the expiration of an extended period of treatment ordered pursuant to this Section:
        (1) Upon a finding that the defendant is fit or can
    
be rendered fit consistent with Section 104-22, the court may proceed with trial.
        (2) If the defendant continues to be unfit to stand
    
trial, the court shall determine whether he or she is subject to involuntary admission under the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code or constitutes a serious threat to the public safety. If so found, the defendant shall be remanded to the Department of Human Services for further treatment and shall be treated in the same manner as a civilly committed patient for all purposes, except that the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant shall be required to approve any conditional release or discharge of the defendant, for the period of commitment equal to the maximum sentence to which the defendant would have been subject had he or she been convicted in a criminal proceeding. During this period of commitment, the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant shall hold hearings under clause (i) of this paragraph (2). However, if the defendant is remanded to the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting unless the court determines that there are compelling reasons why such placement is not necessary.
        If the defendant does not have a current treatment
    
plan, then within 3 days of admission under this subdivision (g)(2), a treatment plan shall be prepared for each defendant and entered into his or her record. The plan shall include (i) an assessment of the defendant's treatment needs, (ii) a description of the services recommended for treatment, (iii) the goals of each type of element of service, (iv) an anticipated timetable for the accomplishment of the goals, and (v) a designation of the qualified professional responsible for the implementation of the plan. The plan shall be reviewed and updated as the clinical condition warrants, but not less than every 30 days.
        Every 90 days after the initial admission under this
    
subdivision (g)(2), the facility director shall file a typed treatment plan report with the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant. The report shall include an opinion as to whether the defendant is fit to stand trial and whether the defendant is currently subject to involuntary admission, in need of mental health services on an inpatient basis, or in need of mental health services on an outpatient basis. The report shall also summarize the basis for those findings and provide a current summary of the 5 items required in a treatment plan. A copy of the report shall be forwarded to the clerk of the court, the State's Attorney, and the defendant's attorney if the defendant is represented by counsel.
        The court on its own motion may order a hearing to
    
review the treatment plan. The defendant or the State's Attorney may request a treatment plan review every 90 days and the court shall review the current treatment plan to determine whether the plan complies with the requirements of this Section. The court may order an independent examination on its own initiative and shall order such an evaluation if either the recipient or the State's Attorney so requests and has demonstrated to the court that the plan cannot be effectively reviewed by the court without such an examination. Under no circumstances shall the court be required to order an independent examination pursuant to this Section more than once each year. The examination shall be conducted by a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist as defined in Section 1-103 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code who is not in the employ of the Department of Human Services.
        If, during the period within which the defendant is
    
confined in a secure setting, the court enters an order that requires the defendant to appear, the court shall timely transmit a copy of the order or writ to the director of the particular Department of Human Services facility where the defendant resides authorizing the transportation of the defendant to the court for the purpose of the hearing.
            (i) 180 days after a defendant is remanded to the
        
Department of Human Services, under paragraph (2), and every 180 days thereafter for so long as the defendant is confined under the order entered thereunder, the court shall set a hearing and shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the defendant, the facility director, the State's Attorney, and the defendant's attorney. If requested by either the State or the defense or if the court determines that it is appropriate, an impartial examination of the defendant by a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist as defined in Section 1-103 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code who is not in the employ of the Department of Human Services shall be ordered, and the report considered at the time of the hearing. If the defendant is not currently represented by counsel the court shall appoint the public defender to represent the defendant at the hearing. The court shall make a finding as to whether the defendant is:
                (A) subject to involuntary admission; or
                (B) in need of mental health services in the
            
form of inpatient care; or
                (C) in need of mental health services but not
            
subject to involuntary admission nor inpatient care.
        The findings of the court shall be established by
        
clear and convincing evidence and the burden of proof and the burden of going forward with the evidence shall rest with the State's Attorney. Upon finding by the court, the court shall enter its findings and an appropriate order.
            (ii) The terms "subject to involuntary
        
admission", "in need of mental health services in the form of inpatient care" and "in need of mental health services but not subject to involuntary admission nor inpatient care" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in clause (d)(3) of Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
        (3) If the defendant is not committed pursuant to
    
this Section, he or she shall be released.
        (4) In no event may the treatment period be extended
    
to exceed the maximum sentence to which a defendant would have been subject had he or she been convicted in a criminal proceeding. For purposes of this Section, the maximum sentence shall be determined by Section 5-8-1 (730 ILCS 5/5-8-1) or Article 4.5 of Chapter V of the "Unified Code of Corrections", excluding any sentence of natural life.
(Source: P.A. 95-1052, eff. 7-1-09.)

725 ILCS 5/104-26

    (725 ILCS 5/104-26) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-26)
    Sec. 104-26. Disposition of Defendants suffering disabilities.
    (a) A defendant convicted following a trial conducted under the provisions of Section 104-22 shall not be sentenced before a written presentence report of investigation is presented to and considered by the court. The presentence report shall be prepared pursuant to Sections 5-3-2, 5-3-3 and 5-3-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended, and shall include a physical and mental examination unless the court finds that the reports of prior physical and mental examinations conducted pursuant to this Article are adequate and recent enough so that additional examinations would be unnecessary.
    (b) (Blank).
    (c) A defendant convicted following a trial under Section 104-22 shall be sentenced according to the procedures and dispositions authorized under the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended, subject to the following provisions:
        (1) The court shall not impose a sentence of
    
imprisonment upon the offender if the court believes that because of his disability a sentence of imprisonment would not serve the ends of justice and the interests of society and the offender or that because of his disability a sentence of imprisonment would subject the offender to excessive hardship. In addition to any other conditions of a sentence of conditional discharge or probation the court may require that the offender undergo treatment appropriate to his mental or physical condition.
        (2) After imposing a sentence of imprisonment upon an
    
offender who has a mental disability, the court may remand him to the custody of the Department of Human Services and order a hearing to be conducted pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, as now or hereafter amended. If the offender is committed following such hearing, he shall be treated in the same manner as any other civilly committed patient for all purposes except as provided in this Section. If the defendant is not committed pursuant to such hearing, he shall be remanded to the sentencing court for disposition according to the sentence imposed.
        (3) If the court imposes a sentence of imprisonment
    
upon an offender who has a mental disability but does not proceed under subparagraph (2) of paragraph (c) of this Section, it shall order the Department of Corrections to proceed pursuant to Section 3-8-5 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended.
        (3.5) If the court imposes a sentence of
    
imprisonment upon an offender who has a mental disability, the court shall direct the circuit court clerk to immediately notify the Illinois State Police, Firearm Owner's Identification (FOID) Office, in a form and manner prescribed by the Illinois State Police and shall forward a copy of the court order to the Department.
        (4) If the court imposes a sentence of imprisonment
    
upon an offender who has a physical disability, it may authorize the Department of Corrections to place the offender in a public or private facility which is able to provide care or treatment for the offender's disability and which agrees to do so.
        (5) When an offender is placed with the Department of
    
Human Services or another facility pursuant to subparagraph (2) or (4) of this paragraph (c), the Department or private facility shall not discharge or allow the offender to be at large in the community without prior approval of the court. If the defendant is placed in the custody of the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting unless the court determines that there are compelling reasons why such placement is not necessary. The offender shall accrue good time and shall be eligible for parole in the same manner as if he were serving his sentence within the Department of Corrections. When the offender no longer requires hospitalization, care, or treatment, the Department of Human Services or the facility shall transfer him, if his sentence has not expired, to the Department of Corrections. If an offender is transferred to the Department of Corrections, the Department of Human Services shall transfer to the Department of Corrections all related records pertaining to length of custody and treatment services provided during the time the offender was held.
        (6) The Department of Corrections shall notify the
    
Department of Human Services or a facility in which an offender has been placed pursuant to subparagraph (2) or (4) of paragraph (c) of this Section of the expiration of his sentence. Thereafter, an offender in the Department of Human Services shall continue to be treated pursuant to his commitment order and shall be considered a civilly committed patient for all purposes including discharge. An offender who is in a facility pursuant to subparagraph (4) of paragraph (c) of this Section shall be informed by the facility of the expiration of his sentence, and shall either consent to the continuation of his care or treatment by the facility or shall be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21; 103-51, eff. 1-1-24.)

725 ILCS 5/104-27

    (725 ILCS 5/104-27) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-27)
    Sec. 104-27. Defendants Found Unfit Prior to this Article; Reports; Appointment of Counsel.
    (a) Within 180 days after the effective date of this Article, the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (predecessor of the Department of Human Services) shall compile a report on each defendant under its custody who was found unfit or incompetent to stand trial or to be sentenced prior to the effective date of this Article. Each report shall include the defendant's name, indictment and warrant numbers, the county of his commitment, the length of time he has been hospitalized, the date of his last fitness hearing, and a report on his present status as provided in Section 104-18.
    (b) The reports shall be forwarded to the Supreme Court which shall distribute copies thereof to the chief judge of the court in which the criminal charges were originally filed, to the state's attorney and the public defender of the same county, and to the defendant's attorney of record, if any. Notice that the report has been delivered shall be given to the defendant.
    (c) Upon receipt of the report, the chief judge shall appoint the public defender or other counsel for each defendant who is not represented by counsel and who is indigent pursuant to Section 113-3 of this Act, as now or hereafter amended. The court shall provide the defendant's counsel with a copy of the report.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-28

    (725 ILCS 5/104-28) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-28)
    Sec. 104-28. Disposition of Defendants Found Unfit Prior to this Article.
    (a) Upon reviewing the report, the court shall determine whether the defendant has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period of time equal to the length of time that the defendant would have been required to serve, less good time, before becoming eligible for parole or mandatory supervised release had he been convicted of the most serious offense charged and had he received the maximum sentence therefor. If the court so finds, it shall dismiss the charges against the defendant, with leave to reinstate. If the defendant has not been committed pursuant to the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, the court shall order him discharged or shall order a hearing to be conducted forthwith pursuant to the provisions of the Code. If the defendant was committed pursuant to the Code, he shall continue to be treated pursuant to his commitment order and shall be considered a civilly committed patient for all purposes including discharge.
    (b) If the court finds that a defendant has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period less than that specified in paragraph (a) of this Section, the court shall conduct a hearing pursuant to Section 104-20 forthwith to redetermine the issue of the defendant's fitness to stand trial or to plead. If the defendant is fit, the matter shall be set for trial. If the court finds that the defendant is unfit, it shall proceed pursuant to Section 104-20 or 104-23, provided that a defendant who is still unfit and who has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period of more than one year from the date of the finding of unfitness shall be immediately subject to the provisions of Section 104-23.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-29

    (725 ILCS 5/104-29) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-29)
    Sec. 104-29. In the event of any conflict between this Article and the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code", the provisions of this Article shall govern.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-30

    (725 ILCS 5/104-30) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-30)
    Sec. 104-30. Notice to Law Enforcement Agencies Regarding Release of Defendants.
    (a) Prior to the release by the Department of Human Services of any person admitted pursuant to any provision of this Article, the Department of Human Services shall give written notice to the Sheriff of the county from which the defendant was admitted. In cases where the arrest of the defendant or the commission of the offense took place in any municipality with a population of more than 25,000 persons, the Department of Human Services shall also give written notice to the proper law enforcement agency for said municipality, provided the municipality has requested such notice in writing.
    (b) Where a defendant in the custody of the Department of Human Services under any provision of this Article is released pursuant to an order of court, the clerk of the circuit court shall, after the entry of the order, transmit a certified copy of the order of release to the Department of Human Services and the Sheriff of the county from which the defendant was admitted. In cases where the arrest of the defendant or the commission of the offense took place in any municipality with a population of more than 25,000 persons, the Clerk of the circuit court shall also send a certified copy of the order of release to the proper law enforcement agency for said municipality provided the municipality has requested such notice in writing.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-31

    (725 ILCS 5/104-31) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-31)
    Sec. 104-31. No defendant placed in a setting of the Department of Human Services pursuant to the provisions of Sections 104-17, 104-25, or 104-26 shall be permitted outside the facility's housing unit unless escorted or accompanied by personnel of the Department of Human Services or authorized by court order. Any defendant, transported to court hearings or other necessary appointments off facility grounds by personnel of the Department of Human Services, may be placed in security devices or otherwise secured during the period of transportation to assure secure transport of the defendant and the safety of Department of Human Services personnel and others. These security measures shall not constitute restraint as defined in the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code. Nor shall any defendant be permitted any off-grounds privileges, either with or without escort by personnel of the Department of Human Services or any unsupervised on-ground privileges, unless such off-grounds or unsupervised on-grounds privileges have been approved by specific court order, which order may include such conditions on the defendant as the court may deem appropriate and necessary to reasonably assure the defendant's satisfactory progress in treatment and the safety of the defendant or others. Whenever the court receives a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment recommending the defendant for any off-grounds or unsupervised on-grounds privileges, the court shall set the matter for a first hearing within 21 days unless good cause is demonstrated why the hearing cannot be held. The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly are declarative of existing law and shall not be construed as a new enactment.
(Source: P.A. 98-1025, eff. 8-22-14.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106 heading)
ARTICLE 106. WITNESS
IMMUNITY

725 ILCS 5/106-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-1)
    Sec. 106-1. Granting of immunity.) In any investigation before a Grand Jury, or trial in any court, the court on motion of the State may order that any material witness be released from all liability to be prosecuted or punished on account of any testimony or other evidence he may be required to produce.
(Source: P.A. 79-1360.)

725 ILCS 5/106-2

    (725 ILCS 5/106-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-2)
    Sec. 106-2. Effect of immunity.
    Such order of immunity shall forever be a bar to prosecution against the witness for any offense shown in whole or in part by such testimony or other evidence except for perjury committed in the giving of such testimony.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/106-2.5

    (725 ILCS 5/106-2.5) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-2.5)
    Sec. 106-2.5. Use immunity.
    (a) In lieu of the immunity provided in Section 106-2 of this Code, the State's Attorney may make application to the court that a street gang member, who testifies on behalf of a public authority in a civil proceeding brought against a streetgang under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act, be granted immunity from prosecution in a criminal case as to any information directly or indirectly derived from the production of evidence by the streetgang member. The court shall grant the order of immunity if:
        (1) the production of the evidence is necessary to a
    
fair determination of a cause of action under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act; and
        (2) the streetgang member has refused or is likely to
    
refuse to produce the evidence on the basis of his or her privilege against self-incrimination.
    (b) In lieu of the immunity provided in Section 106-2 of this Code, in any investigation before a Grand Jury, or trial in any court, the court on motion of the State shall order that a witness be granted immunity from prosecution in a criminal case as to any information directly or indirectly derived from the production of evidence from the witness if the witness has refused or is likely to refuse to produce the evidence on the basis of his or her privilege against self-incrimination.
    (c) The production of evidence so compelled under the order, and any information directly or indirectly derived from it, may not be used against the witness in a criminal case, except in a prosecution for perjury, false swearing, or an offense otherwise involving a failure to comply with the order. An order of immunity granted under this Section does not bar prosecution of the witness, except as specifically provided in this Section.
    (d) Upon request of the witness so compelled, a copy of the evidence produced under the order shall be furnished to him or her.
(Source: P.A. 87-932; 88-241; 88-677, eff. 12-15-94.)

725 ILCS 5/106-3

    (725 ILCS 5/106-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-3)
    Sec. 106-3. Refusal to testify.
    Any witness who having been granted immunity refuses to testify or produce other evidence shall be in contempt of court subject to proceedings in accordance to law.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106B

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106B heading)
ARTICLE 106B. VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ABUSE: CHILDREN AND PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

725 ILCS 5/106B-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106B-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106B-1)
    Sec. 106B-1. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-674, eff. 12-14-94.)

725 ILCS 5/106B-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106B-5)
    Sec. 106B-5. Testimony by a victim who is a child or a person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or a person affected by a developmental disability.
    (a) In a proceeding in the prosecution of an offense of criminal sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual abuse, aggravated criminal sexual abuse, aggravated battery, or aggravated domestic battery, a court may order that the testimony of a victim who is a child under the age of 18 years or a person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or a person affected by a developmental disability be taken outside the courtroom and shown in the courtroom by means of a closed circuit television if:
        (1) the testimony is taken during the proceeding; and
        (2) the judge determines that testimony by the child
    
victim or victim with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or victim affected by a developmental disability in the courtroom will result in the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability suffering serious emotional distress such that the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability cannot reasonably communicate or that the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability will suffer severe emotional distress that is likely to cause the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability to suffer severe adverse effects.
    (b) Only the prosecuting attorney, the attorney for the defendant, and the judge may question the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability.
    (c) The operators of the closed circuit television shall make every effort to be unobtrusive.
    (d) Only the following persons may be in the room with the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability when the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability testifies by closed circuit television:
        (1) the prosecuting attorney;
        (2) the attorney for the defendant;
        (3) the judge;
        (4) the operators of the closed circuit television
    
equipment; and
        (5) any person or persons whose presence, in the
    
opinion of the court, contributes to the well-being of the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability, including a person who has dealt with the child in a therapeutic setting concerning the abuse, a parent or guardian of the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability, and court security personnel.
    (e) During the child's or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability's testimony by closed circuit television, the defendant shall be in the courtroom and shall not communicate with the jury if the cause is being heard before a jury.
    (f) The defendant shall be allowed to communicate with the persons in the room where the child or person with a moderate, severe, or profound intellectual disability or person affected by a developmental disability is testifying by any appropriate electronic method.
    (f-5) There is a rebuttable presumption that the testimony of a victim who is a child under 13 years of age shall testify outside the courtroom and the child's testimony shall be shown in the courtroom by means of a closed circuit television. This presumption may be overcome if the defendant can prove by clear and convincing evidence that the child victim will not suffer severe emotional distress.
    (f-6) Before the court permits the testimony of a victim outside the courtroom that is to be shown in the courtroom by means of a closed circuit television, the court must make a finding that the testimony by means of closed circuit television does not prejudice the defendant.
    (g) The provisions of this Section do not apply if the defendant represents himself pro se.
    (h) This Section may not be interpreted to preclude, for purposes of identification of a defendant, the presence of both the victim and the defendant in the courtroom at the same time.
    (i) This Section applies to prosecutions pending on or commenced on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1994.
    (j) For the purposes of this Section, "developmental disability" includes, but is not limited to, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism.
(Source: P.A. 103-164, eff. 1-1-24.)

725 ILCS 5/106B-10

    (725 ILCS 5/106B-10)
    Sec. 106B-10. Conditions for testimony by a victim who is a child or a moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or a person affected by a developmental disability. In a prosecution of criminal sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual abuse, aggravated criminal sexual abuse, or any violent crime as defined in subsection (c) of Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act, the court may set any conditions it finds just and appropriate on the taking of testimony of a victim who is a child under the age of 18 years or a moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or a person affected by a developmental disability, involving the use of a facility dog in any proceeding involving that offense. When deciding whether to permit the child or person to testify with the assistance of a facility dog, the court shall take into consideration the age of the child or person, the rights of the parties to the litigation, and any other relevant factor that would facilitate the testimony by the child or the person. As used in this Section, "facility dog" means a dog that is a graduate of an assistance dog organization that is a member of Assistance Dogs International.
(Source: P.A. 102-22, eff. 6-25-21.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106C

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106C heading)
ARTICLE 106C. (Repealed)

725 ILCS 5/106C-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106C-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106C-1)
    Sec. 106C-1. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-241.)

725 ILCS 5/106C-2

    (725 ILCS 5/106C-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 106C-2)
    Sec. 106C-2. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-241.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106D

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106D heading)
ARTICLE 106D. CLOSED CIRCUIT
TELEVISION TESTIMONY

725 ILCS 5/106D-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106D-1)
    Sec. 106D-1. Defendant's appearance by two-way audio-visual communication system.
    (a) Whenever the appearance in person in court, in either a civil or criminal proceeding, is required of anyone held in a place of custody or confinement operated by the State or any of its political subdivisions, including counties and municipalities, the chief judge of the circuit by rule may permit the personal appearance to be made by means of a two-way audio-visual communication system, including closed circuit television and computerized video conference, in the following proceedings:
        (1) the initial appearance before a judge on a
    
criminal complaint as provided in subsection (f) of Section 109-1;
        (2) the waiver of a preliminary hearing;
        (3) the arraignment on an information or indictment
    
at which a plea of not guilty will be entered;
        (4) the presentation of a jury waiver;
        (5) any status hearing;
        (6) any hearing conducted under the Sexually Violent
    
Persons Commitment Act at which no witness testimony will be taken; and
        (7) at any hearing at which no witness testimony will
    
be taken conducted under the following:
            (A) Section 104-20 of this Code (90-day hearings);
            (B) Section 104-22 of this Code (trial with
        
special provisions and assistance);
            (C) Section 104-25 of this Code (discharge
        
hearing); or
            (D) Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of
        
Corrections (proceedings after acquittal by reason of insanity).
    (b) The two-way audio-visual communication facilities must provide two-way audio-visual communication between the court and the place of custody or confinement, and must include a secure line over which the person in custody and his or her counsel, if any, may communicate.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prohibit other court appearances through the use of a two-way audio-visual communication system if the person in custody or confinement waives the right to be present physically in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
    (d) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to establish a right of any person held in custody or confinement to appear in court through a two-way audio-visual communication system or to require that any governmental entity, or place of custody or confinement, provide a two-way audio-visual communication system.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-486, eff. 8-20-21; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/106D-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106D-5)
    Sec. 106D-5. Pilot project; reporting.
    (a) Subject to appropriation, the Department of Human Services and the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall implement a pilot project between the circuit courts in 2 counties and Department of Human Services facilities treating persons unfit to stand trial or not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (b) The purpose of the pilot project is to determine the feasibility and desirability of using video conference technology for hearings involving persons who are unfit to stand trial and persons who have been determined not guilty by reason of insanity. The Department of Human Services and the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall review the video conference technology and develop guidelines for the specific technology, means of private conferencing between the defendant and his or her attorney during the hearings, and any specific determinations that are not suitable for video conference hearings. The Department of Human Services and the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall submit a joint report to the General Assembly 6 months after the pilot project between the 2 counties and Department facilities has been operational for at least 2 years. Individual defendants, State's Attorneys, defense attorneys, and other personnel may submit comments to be considered in preparing the joint report. Presiding judges may submit comments to either the Department of Human Services or to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts. All comments submitted only to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall be confidential and also may contain the reporting judge's observations, comments, or recommendations. The reports shall:
        (1) evaluate the effectiveness of the video
    
conference hearing process; and
        (2) make recommendations concerning the
    
implementation of video conference hearings in all counties.
    (c) The Department of Human Services shall provide all necessary administrative support for the pilot project.
(Source: P.A. 102-486, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106E

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106E heading)
ARTICLE 106E. TASK FORCE ON PROFESSIONAL
PRACTICE IN THE ILLINOIS JUSTICE SYSTEMS
(Repealed internally, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-5)
    Sec. 106E-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed by Section 106E-15, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-10

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-10)
    Sec. 106E-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed by Section 106E-15, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-15

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-15)
    Sec. 106E-15. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed internally, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106F

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106F heading)
ARTICLE 106F. CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED PARENTS TASK FORCE
(Source: P.A. 101-480, eff. 8-23-19.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106G

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106G heading)
ARTICLE 106G. COMMISSION ON CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED PARENTS
(Source: P.A. 102-814, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/106G-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106G-5)
    Sec. 106G-5. Commission on Children of Incarcerated Parents created.
    (a) The Commission on Children of Incarcerated Parents, hereinafter referred to as the Commission, is created within the Department of Human Services and shall reflect the diversity of the State of Illinois, including geographic, racial and ethnic diversity and diversity of life experience. The Commission shall be responsible for implementing and coordinating the recommendations of the Task Force on Children of Incarcerated Parents.
    (b) No later than 90 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly, the following representatives from relevant stakeholder groups shall be appointed to the Commission by the Lieutenant Governor unless otherwise stated:
        (1) one female who has previously been incarcerated
    
and has been directly impacted by policies relating to children of incarcerated parents;
        (2) two individuals who have been directly impacted
    
by policies relating to children of incarcerated parents, one of whom is between the ages of 17 and 24 at the time of appointment;
        (3) three representatives from community-based
    
providers or community organizations that provide services to address the trauma of incarceration through social services, advocacy, or the provision of legal services;
        (4) one individual who has been directly impacted by
    
the Department of Juvenile Justice policies relating to children of incarcerated parents and is between the ages of 17 and 24 at the time of appointment;
        (5) the Lieutenant Governor, or his or her designee;
        (6) the Secretary of Human Services, or his or her
    
designee;
        (7) the Director of Children and Family Services, or
    
his or her designee;
        (8) the Cook County Public Guardian, or his or her
    
designee;
        (9) the Director of Juvenile Justice, or his or her
    
designee;
        (10) the Director of Corrections, or his or her
    
designee;
        (11) the President of the Illinois Sheriffs'
    
Association, or his or her designee;
        (12) the Cook County Sheriff, or his or her designee;
        (13) the Director of the Illinois State Police, or
    
his or her designee;
        (14) the Chief of the Chicago Police Department, or
    
his or her designee;
        (15) the Executive Director of the Illinois Law
    
Enforcement Training Standards Board, or his or her designee;
        (16) the Attorney General, or his or her designee;
        (17) one member who represents the court system;
        (18) one member from an organization that facilitates
    
visitation between incarcerated parents and children;
        (19) one member who is a researcher or member of an
    
academic profession and has studied issues related to the impact of incarceration on youth;
        (20) one member who represents an organization with
    
expertise in gender-responsive practices and assessing the impact of incarceration on women; and
        (21) one male who has previously been incarcerated
    
and has been directly impacted by policies relating to children of incarcerated parents.
    (c) In this Section, "an individual who has been directly impacted by policies relating to children of incarcerated parents" means a person who has been convicted of, adjudicated, or pled guilty to, one or more felonies, who was sentenced to a term of imprisonment, and who has been separated from his or her children as a result of imprisonment.
    (d) Commission members shall serve without compensation. The term of a member of the Commission, other than a member listed under paragraphs (5) through (16) of subsection (b), shall expire 4 years after the date of the member's appointment.
    (e) Once all its members have been appointed as provided in this Section, the Commission may exercise any power, perform any function, or take any action in furtherance of its purposes and goals. The Commission shall:
        (1) meet at least 4 times per year beginning within
    
30 days after the appointment of a quorum of its members;
        (2) identify resources, strategies, and legislative
    
proposals to support the full administration and implementation of the Task Force on Children of Incarcerated Parents recommendations;
        (3) develop a strategic plan that outlines specific
    
goals, information-gathering activities, benchmarks, and timelines toward achieving the purpose of the Commission to fully implement the recommendations of the Task Force on Children of Incarcerated Parents; and
        (4) deliver an annual report to the General Assembly
    
and to the Governor to be posted on the websites of the Governor and General Assembly and provide to the public an annual report on its progress. A draft of the report shall be released for public comment, and feedback and shall be solicited from relevant stakeholders, including individuals impacted by parental incarceration, law enforcement, and advocates from local governmental family services agencies and nonprofit service providers.
    (f) The General Assembly may appropriate funds to the Department of Human Services for the purpose of funding the work of the Commission or services provided under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 102-814, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. II

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. II heading)
TITLE II. APPREHENSION AND INVESTIGATION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107 heading)
ARTICLE 107. ARREST

725 ILCS 5/107-1

    (725 ILCS 5/107-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-1)
    Sec. 107-1. Definitions.
    (a) A "warrant of arrest" is a written order from a court directed to a peace officer, or to some other person specifically named, commanding him to arrest a person.
    (b) A "summons" is a written order issued by a court which commands a person to appear before a court at a stated time and place.
    (c) A "notice to appear" is a written request issued by a peace officer that a person appear before a court at a stated time and place.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-2

    (725 ILCS 5/107-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-2)
    Sec. 107-2. Arrest by peace officer.
    (1) A peace officer may arrest a person when:
        (a) He has a warrant commanding that such person be
    
arrested; or
        (b) He has reasonable grounds to believe that a
    
warrant for the person's arrest has been issued in this State or in another jurisdiction; or
        (c) He has reasonable grounds to believe that the
    
person is committing or has committed an offense.
    (2) Whenever a peace officer arrests a person, the officer shall question the arrestee as to whether he or she has any children under the age of 18 living with him or her who may be neglected as a result of the arrest or otherwise. The peace officer shall assist the arrestee in the placement of the children with a relative or other responsible person designated by the arrestee. If the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a child may be a neglected child as defined in the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, he shall report it immediately to the Department of Children and Family Services as provided in that Act.
    (3) A peace officer who executes a warrant of arrest in good faith beyond the geographical limitation of the warrant shall not be liable for false arrest.
    (4) Whenever a peace officer is aware of a warrant of arrest issued by a circuit court of this State for a person and the peace officer has contact with the person because the person is requesting or receiving emergency medical assistance or medical forensic services for sexual assault at a medical facility, if the warrant of arrest is not for a forcible felony as defined in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012, a violent crime as defined in subsection (c) of Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act, or an alleged violation of parole or mandatory supervised release, the peace officer shall contact the prosecuting authority of the jurisdiction issuing the warrant, or if that prosecutor is not available, the prosecuting authority for the jurisdiction that covers the medical facility to request waiver of the prompt execution of the warrant. The prosecuting authority may secure a court order waiving the immediate execution of the warrant and provide a copy to the peace officer. As used in this subsection (4), "sexual assault" means an act of sexual conduct or sexual penetration defined in Section 11-0.1 of the Criminal Code of 2012, including without limitation, acts prohibited under Sections 11-1.20 through 11-1.60 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (4.5) Whenever a peace officer has a warrant of arrest for a person, subject to the same limitations described in subsection (4), and the peace officer has contact with the person because the person reported that he or she was sexually assaulted within the past 7 days, in addition to informing the person of his or her right to seek free medical attention and evidence collection and providing the written notice required by Section 25 of the Sexual Assault Incident Procedure Act, the officer shall also notify the person that if he or she chooses to go to a medical facility to seek any of those services, then the officer shall inform the prosecuting authority to request waiver of the prompt execution of the warrant.
(Source: P.A. 101-39, eff. 6-1-20.)

725 ILCS 5/107-3

    (725 ILCS 5/107-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-3)
    Sec. 107-3. Arrest by private person.
    Any person may arrest another when he has reasonable grounds to believe that an offense other than an ordinance violation is being committed.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-4

    (725 ILCS 5/107-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-4)
    Sec. 107-4. Arrest by peace officer from other jurisdiction.
    (a) As used in this Section:
        (1) "State" means any State of the United States and
    
the District of Columbia.
        (2) "Peace Officer" means any peace officer or member
    
of any duly organized State, County, or Municipal peace unit, any police force of another State, the United States Department of Defense, or any police force whose members, by statute, are granted and authorized to exercise powers similar to those conferred upon any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State.
        (3) "Fresh pursuit" means the immediate pursuit of a
    
person who is endeavoring to avoid arrest.
        (4) "Law enforcement agency" means a municipal police
    
department or county sheriff's office of this State.
    (a-3) Any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State may conduct temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and may make arrests in any jurisdiction within this State: (1) if the officer is engaged in the investigation of criminal activity that occurred in the officer's primary jurisdiction and the temporary questioning or arrest relates to, arises from, or is conducted pursuant to that investigation; or (2) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, becomes personally aware of the immediate commission of a felony or misdemeanor violation of the laws of this State; or (3) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, is requested by an appropriate State or local law enforcement official to render aid or assistance to the requesting law enforcement agency that is outside the officer's primary jurisdiction; or (4) in accordance with Section 2605-580 of the Illinois State Police Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois. While acting pursuant to this subsection, an officer has the same authority as within his or her own jurisdiction.
    (a-7) The law enforcement agency of the county or municipality in which any arrest is made under this Section shall be immediately notified of the arrest.
    (b) Any peace officer of another State who enters this State in fresh pursuit and continues within this State in fresh pursuit of a person in order to arrest him on the ground that he has committed an offense in the other State has the same authority to arrest and hold the person in custody as peace officers of this State have to arrest and hold a person in custody on the ground that he has committed an offense in this State.
    (c) If an arrest is made in this State by a peace officer of another State in accordance with the provisions of this Section he shall without unnecessary delay take the person arrested before the circuit court of the county in which the arrest was made. Such court shall conduct a hearing for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the arrest. If the court determines that the arrest was lawful it shall commit the person arrested, to await for a reasonable time the issuance of an extradition warrant by the Governor of this State, or admit him to pretrial release for such purpose. If the court determines that the arrest was unlawful it shall discharge the person arrested.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-538, eff. 8-20-21; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22.)

725 ILCS 5/107-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-5)
    Sec. 107-5. Method of arrest.
    (a) An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person or by his submission to custody.
    (b) An arrest may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night.
    (c) An arrest may be made anywhere within the jurisdiction of this State.
    (d) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to make an authorized arrest.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-6

    (725 ILCS 5/107-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-6)
    Sec. 107-6. Release by officer of person arrested.
    A peace officer who arrests a person without a warrant is authorized to release the person without requiring him to appear before a court when the officer is satisfied that there are no grounds for criminal complaint against the person arrested.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-7

    (725 ILCS 5/107-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-7)
    Sec. 107-7. Persons exempt from arrest.
    (a) Electors shall, in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at election, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (b) Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (c) The militia shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at musters and elections, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (d) Judges, attorneys, clerks, sheriffs, and other court officers shall be privileged from arrest while attending court and while going to and returning from court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-8

    (725 ILCS 5/107-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-8)
    Sec. 107-8. Assisting peace officer). (a) A peace officer making a lawful arrest may command the aid of persons over the age of 18.
    (b) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall have the same authority to arrest as that peace officer.
    (c) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall not be civilly liable for any reasonable conduct in aid of the officer.
(Source: P.A. 80-360.)

725 ILCS 5/107-9

    (725 ILCS 5/107-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-9)
    Sec. 107-9. Issuance of arrest warrant upon complaint.
    (a) When a complaint is presented to a court charging that an offense has been committed, it shall examine upon oath or affirmation the complainant or any witnesses.
    (b) The complaint shall be in writing and shall:
        (1) State the name of the accused if known, and if
    
not known the accused may be designated by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (2) State the offense with which the accused is
    
charged;
        (3) State the time and place of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done by the complainant; and
        (4) Be subscribed and sworn to by the complainant.
    (b-5) If an arrest warrant or summons is sought and the request is made by electronic means that has a simultaneous video and audio transmission between the requester and a judge, the judge may issue an arrest warrant or summons based upon a sworn complaint or sworn testimony communicated in the transmission.
    (c) A warrant or summons may be issued by the court for the arrest or appearance of the person complained against if it appears from the contents of the complaint and the examination of the complainant or other witnesses, if any, that the person against whom the complaint was made has committed an offense.
    (d) The warrant of arrest or summons shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) Specify the name, sex and birth date of the
    
person to be arrested or summoned or, if his name, sex or birth date is unknown, shall designate such person by any name or description by which the person can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of the judge's office; and
        (6) Command that the person against whom the
    
complaint was made to be arrested and brought before the court issuing the warrant or the nearest or most accessible court in the same county, or appear before the court at a certain time and place;
        (7) Specify the conditions of pretrial release, if
    
any; and
        (8) Specify any geographical limitation placed on the
    
execution of the warrant, if any, but such limitation shall not be expressed in mileage.
    (e) The summons may be served in the same manner as the summons in a civil action, except that a police officer may serve a summons for a violation of an ordinance occurring within the municipality of the police officer.
    (f) If the person summoned fails to appear by the date required or cannot be located to serve the summons, a warrant may be issued by the court for the arrest of the person complained against.
    (g) A warrant of arrest issued under this Section shall incorporate the information included in the summons, and shall comply with the following:
        (1) The arrest warrant shall specify any geographic
    
limitation placed on the execution of the warrant, but such limitation shall not be expressed in mileage.
        (2) The arrest warrant shall be directed to all peace
    
officers in the State. It shall be executed by the peace officer, or by a private person specially named therein, at any location within the geographic limitation for execution placed on the warrant. If no geographic limitation is placed on the warrant, then it may be executed anywhere in the State.
    (h) The arrest warrant or summons may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of electronic mail or a facsimile transmission machine and any such arrest warrant or summons shall have the same validity as a written arrest warrant or summons.
(Source: P.A. 101-239, eff. 1-1-20; 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/107-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-10)
    Sec. 107-10. Defective warrant.
    A warrant of arrest shall not be quashed or abated nor shall any person in custody for an offense be discharged from such custody because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-11

    (725 ILCS 5/107-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-11)
    Sec. 107-11. When summons may be issued.
    (a) When authorized to issue a warrant of arrest, a court may instead issue a summons.
    (b) The summons shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) State the name of the person summoned and his or
    
her address, if known;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of his or her office; and
        (6) Command the person to appear before a court at a
    
certain time and place.
    (c) The summons may be served in the same manner as the summons in a civil action or by certified or regular mail, except that police officers may serve summons for violations of ordinances occurring within their municipalities.
(Source: P.A. 102-1104, eff. 12-6-22.)

725 ILCS 5/107-12

    (725 ILCS 5/107-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-12)
    Sec. 107-12. Notice to appear.
    (a) Whenever a peace officer is authorized to arrest a person without a warrant he may instead issue to such person a notice to appear.
    (b) The notice shall:
    (1) Be in writing;
    (2) State the name of the person and his address, if known;
    (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
    (4) Be signed by the officer issuing the notice; and
    (5) Request the person to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (c) Upon failure of the person to appear a summons or warrant of arrest may issue.
    (d) In any case in which a person is arrested for a Class C misdemeanor or a petty offense and remanded to the sheriff other than pursuant to a court order, the sheriff may issue such person a notice to appear.
(Source: P.A. 83-693.)

725 ILCS 5/107-13

    (725 ILCS 5/107-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-13)
    Sec. 107-13. Offenses committed by corporations.
    (a) When a corporation is charged with the commission of an offense the court shall issue a summons setting forth the nature of the offense and commanding the corporation to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (b) The summons for the appearance of a corporation may be served in the manner provided for service of summons upon a corporation in a civil action.
    (c) If, after being summoned, the corporation does not appear, a plea of not guilty shall be entered by the court having jurisdiction to try the offense for which the summons was issued, and such court shall proceed to trial and judgment without further process.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-14

    (725 ILCS 5/107-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-14)
    Sec. 107-14. Temporary questioning without arrest.
    (a) A peace officer, after having identified himself as a peace officer, may stop any person in a public place for a reasonable period of time when the officer reasonably infers from the circumstances that the person is committing, is about to commit or has committed an offense as defined in Section 102-15 of this Code, and may demand the name and address of the person and an explanation of his actions. Such detention and temporary questioning will be conducted in the vicinity of where the person was stopped.
    (b) Upon completion of any stop under subsection (a) involving a frisk or search, and unless impractical, impossible, or under exigent circumstances, the officer shall provide the person with a stop receipt which provides the reason for the stop and contains the officer's name and badge number. This subsection (b) does not apply to searches or inspections for compliance with the Fish and Aquatic Life Code, the Wildlife Code, the Herptiles-Herps Act, or searches or inspections for routine security screenings at facilities or events. For the purposes of this subsection (b), "badge" means an officer's department issued identification number associated with his or her position as a police officer with that department.
(Source: P.A. 99-352, eff. 1-1-16.)

725 ILCS 5/107-15

    (725 ILCS 5/107-15)
    Sec. 107-15. Fresh pursuit. When the fact that a felony has been committed comes to the knowledge of a sheriff or coroner, fresh pursuit shall be forthwith made after every person guilty of the felony, by the sheriff, coroner, and all other persons who is by any one of them commanded or summoned for that purpose; every such officer who does not do his or her duty in the premises is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/107-16

    (725 ILCS 5/107-16)
    Sec. 107-16. Apprehension of offender. It is the duty of every sheriff, coroner, and every marshal, policeman, or other officer of an incorporated city, town, or village, having the power of a sheriff, when a criminal offense or breach of the peace is committed or attempted in his or her presence, forthwith to apprehend the offender and bring him or her before a judge, to be dealt with according to law; to suppress all riots and unlawful assemblies, and to keep the peace, and without delay to serve and execute all warrants and other process to him or her lawfully directed.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A heading)
ARTICLE 107A. LINEUP AND PHOTO SPREAD PROCEDURE
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-0.1

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-0.1)
    Sec. 107A-0.1. Definitions. For the purposes of this Article:
        "Eyewitness" means a person viewing the lineup whose
    
identification by sight of another person may be relevant in a criminal proceeding.
        "Filler" means a person or a photograph of a person
    
who is not suspected of an offense and is included in a lineup.
        "Independent administrator" means a lineup
    
administrator who is not participating in the investigation of the criminal offense and is unaware of which person in the lineup is the suspected perpetrator.
        "Lineup" includes a photo lineup or live lineup.
        "Lineup administrator" means the person who conducts
    
a lineup.
        "Live lineup" means a procedure in which a group of
    
persons is displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime, but does not include a showup.
        "Photo lineup" means a procedure in which photographs
    
are displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
        "Sequential lineup" means a live or photo lineup in
    
which each person or photograph is presented to an eyewitness separately, in a previously determined order, and removed from the eyewitness's view before the next person or photograph is presented, in order to determine if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
        "Showup" means a procedure in which a suspected
    
perpetrator is presented to the eyewitness at, or near, a crime scene for the purpose of obtaining an immediate identification.
        "Simultaneous lineup" means a live or photo lineup in
    
which a group of persons or array of photographs is presented simultaneously to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
(Source: P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-2)
    Sec. 107A-2. Lineup procedure.
    (a) All lineups shall be conducted using one of the following methods:
        (1) An independent administrator, unless it is not
    
practical.
        (2) An automated computer program or other device
    
that can automatically display a photo lineup to an eyewitness in a manner that prevents the lineup administrator from seeing which photograph or photographs the eyewitness is viewing until after the lineup is completed. The automated computer program may present the photographs to the eyewitness simultaneously or sequentially, consistent with the law enforcement agency guidelines required under subsection (b) of this Section.
        (3) A procedure in which photographs are placed in
    
folders, randomly numbered, and shuffled and then presented to an eyewitness such that the lineup administrator cannot see or know which photograph or photographs are being presented to the eyewitness until after the procedure is completed. The photographs may be presented to the eyewitness simultaneously or sequentially, consistent with the law enforcement agency guidelines required under subsection (b) of this Section.
        (4) Any other procedure that prevents the lineup
    
administrator from knowing the identity of the suspected perpetrator or seeing or knowing the persons or photographs being presented to the eyewitness until after the procedure is completed.
    (b) Each law enforcement agency shall adopt written guidelines setting forth when, if at all, simultaneous lineups shall be conducted and when, if at all, sequential lineups shall be conducted. This subsection does not establish a preference for whether a law enforcement agency should conduct simultaneous lineups or sequential lineups. Whether and when to conduct simultaneous lineups or sequential lineups is at the discretion of each law enforcement agency. If, after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, a method of conducting a lineup different from a simultaneous or sequential lineup is determined by the Illinois Supreme Court to be sufficiently established to have gained general acceptance as a reliable method for eyewitness identifications and provides more accurate results than simultaneous or sequential lineups, a law enforcement agency may adopt written guidelines setting forth when, if at all, this different method of conducting lineups shall be used and, when feasible, the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section shall apply to the use of these methods.
    (c) On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, there is no preference as to whether a law enforcement agency conducts a live lineup or a photo lineup and to the extent that the common law directs otherwise, this direction is abrogated.
    (d) If a lineup administrator conducts a sequential lineup, the following shall apply:
        (1) Solely at the eyewitness's request, the lineup
    
administrator may present a person or photograph to the eyewitness an additional time but only after the eyewitness has first viewed each person or photograph one time.
        (2) If the eyewitness identifies a person as a
    
perpetrator, the lineup administrator shall continue to sequentially present the remaining persons or photographs to the eyewitness until the eyewitness has viewed each person or photograph.
    (e) Before a lineup is conducted:
        (1) The eyewitness shall be instructed that:
            (A) if recording the lineup is practical, an
        
audio and video recording of the lineup will be made for the purpose of accurately documenting all statements made by the eyewitness, unless the eyewitness refuses to the recording of the lineup, and that if a recording is made it will be of the persons in the lineup and the eyewitness;
            (B) the perpetrator may or may not be presented
        
in the lineup;
            (C) if an independent administrator is
        
conducting the lineup, the independent administrator does not know the suspected perpetrator's identity or if the administrator conducting the lineup is not an independent administrator, the eyewitness should not assume that the lineup administrator knows which person in the lineup is the suspect;
            (D) the eyewitness should not feel compelled to
        
make an identification;
            (E) it is as important to exclude innocent
        
persons as it is to identify a perpetrator; and
            (F) the investigation will continue whether or
        
not an identification is made.
        (2) The eyewitness shall acknowledge in writing the
    
receipt of the instructions required under this subsection and, if applicable, the refusal to be recorded. If the eyewitness refuses to sign the acknowledgement, the lineup administrator shall note the refusal of the eyewitness to sign the acknowledgement and shall also sign the acknowledgement.
    (f) In conducting a lineup:
        (1) When practicable, the lineup administrator shall
    
separate all eyewitnesses in order to prevent the eyewitnesses from conferring with one another before and during the lineup procedure. If separating the eyewitnesses is not practicable, the lineup administrator shall ensure that all eyewitnesses are monitored and that they do not confer with one another while waiting to view the lineup and during the lineup.
        (2) Each eyewitness shall perform the identification
    
procedures without any other eyewitness present. Each eyewitness shall be given instructions regarding the identification procedures without other eyewitnesses present.
        (3) The lineup shall be composed to ensure that the
    
suspected perpetrator does not unduly stand out from the fillers. In addition:
            (A) Only one suspected perpetrator shall be
        
included in a lineup.
            (B) The suspected perpetrator shall not be
        
substantially different in appearance from the fillers based on the eyewitness's previous description of the perpetrator or based on other factors that would draw attention to the suspected perpetrator.
            (C) At least 5 fillers shall be included in a
        
photo lineup, in addition to the suspected perpetrator.
            (D) When practicable, at least 5 fillers shall be
        
included in a live lineup, in addition to the suspected perpetrator, but in no event shall there be less than 3 fillers in addition to the suspected perpetrator.
            (E) If the eyewitness has previously viewed a
        
photo lineup or live lineup in connection with the identification of another person suspected of involvement in the offense, the fillers in the lineup in which the current suspected perpetrator participates shall be different from the fillers used in the prior lineups.
        (4) If there are multiple eyewitnesses, subject to
    
the requirements in subsection (a) of this Section and to the extent possible, the suspected perpetrator shall be placed in a different position in the lineup or photo array for each eyewitness.
        (5) Nothing shall be communicated to the eyewitness
    
regarding the suspected perpetrator's position in the lineup or regarding anything that may influence the eyewitness's identification.
        (6) No writings or information concerning any
    
previous arrest, indictment, or conviction of the suspected perpetrator shall be visible or made known to the eyewitness.
        (7) If a photo lineup, the photograph of the
    
suspected perpetrator shall be contemporary in relation to the photographs of the fillers and, to the extent practicable, shall resemble the suspected perpetrator's appearance at the time of the offense.
        (8) If a live lineup, any identifying actions, such
    
as speech, gestures, or other movements, shall be performed by all lineup participants.
        (9) If a live lineup, all lineup participants must be
    
out of view of the eyewitness prior to the lineup.
        (10) The lineup administrator shall obtain and
    
document any and all statements made by the eyewitness during the lineup as to the perpetrator's identity. When practicable, an audio or video recording of the statements shall be made.
        (11) If the eyewitness identifies a person as the
    
perpetrator, the eyewitness shall not be provided any information concerning the person until after the lineup is completed.
        (12) Unless otherwise allowed under subsection (a) of
    
this Section, there shall not be anyone present during a lineup who knows the suspected perpetrator's identity, except the eyewitness and suspected perpetrator's counsel if required by law.
    (g) The lineup administrator shall make an official report of all lineups, which shall include all of the following information:
        (1) All identification and non-identification results
    
obtained during the lineup, signed by the eyewitness, including any and all statements made by the eyewitness during the lineup as to the perpetrator's identity as required under paragraph (10) of subsection (f) of this Section. If the eyewitness refuses to sign, the lineup administrator shall note the refusal of the eyewitness to sign the results and shall also sign the notation.
        (2) The names of all persons who viewed the lineup.
        (3) The names of all law enforcement officers and
    
counsel present during the lineup.
        (4) The date, time, and location of the lineup.
        (5) Whether it was a photo lineup or live lineup and
    
how many persons or photographs were presented in the lineup.
        (6) The sources of all persons or photographs used as
    
fillers in the lineup.
        (7) In a photo lineup, the actual photographs shown
    
to the eyewitness.
        (8) In a live lineup, a photograph or other visual
    
recording of the lineup that includes all persons who participated in the lineup.
        (9) If applicable, the eyewitness's refusal to be
    
recorded.
        (10) If applicable, the reason for any
    
impracticability in strict compliance with this Section.
    (h) Unless it is not practical or the eyewitness refuses, a video record of all lineup procedures shall be made.
        (1) If a video record is not practical or the
    
eyewitness refuses to allow a video record to be made:
            (A) the reasons or the refusal shall be
        
documented in the official report required under subsection (g) of this Section;
            (B) an audio record shall be made, if practical;
        
and
            (C) if a live lineup, the lineup shall be
        
photographed.
        (2) If an audio record is not practical, the reasons
    
shall be documented in the official report required under subsection (g) of this Section.
    (i) The photographs, recordings, and the official report of the lineup required by this Section shall be disclosed to counsel for the accused as provided by the Illinois Supreme Court Rules regarding discovery. All photographs of suspected perpetrators shown to an eyewitness during a lineup shall be disclosed to counsel for the accused as provided by the Illinois Supreme Court Rules regarding discovery. To protect the identity of the eyewitness and the identities of law enforcement officers used as fillers in the lineup from being disclosed to third parties, the State's Attorney shall petition the court for a protective order under Supreme Court Rule 415 upon disclosure of the photographs or recordings to the counsel of the accused.
    (j) All of the following shall be available as consequences of compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of this Section:
        (1) Failure to comply with any of the requirements of
    
this Section shall be a factor to be considered by the court in adjudicating a motion to suppress an eyewitness identification or any other motion to bar an eyewitness identification. These motions shall be in writing and state facts showing how the identification procedure was improper. This paragraph (1) makes no change to existing applicable common law or statutory standards or burdens of proof.
        (2) When warranted by the evidence presented at
    
trial, the jury shall be instructed that it may consider all the facts and circumstances including compliance or noncompliance with this Section to assist in its weighing of the identification testimony of an eyewitness.
    (k) Any electronic recording made during a lineup that is compiled by any law enforcement agency as required by this Section for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the recording shall not be transmitted to any person except as necessary to comply with this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-5)
    Sec. 107A-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03. Repealed by P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-10)
    Sec. 107A-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-655, eff. 1-20-04. Repealed by P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108 heading)
ARTICLE 108. SEARCH AND SEIZURE

725 ILCS 5/108-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1)
    Sec. 108-1. Search without warrant.
    (1) When a lawful arrest is effected a peace officer may reasonably search the person arrested and the area within such person's immediate presence for the purpose of:
        (a) protecting the officer from attack; or
        (b) preventing the person from escaping; or
        (c) discovering the fruits of the crime; or
        (d) discovering any instruments, articles, or things
    
which may have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, an offense.
    (2) (Blank).
    (3) A law enforcement officer may not search or inspect a motor vehicle, its contents, the driver, or a passenger solely because of a violation of Section 12-603.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
(Source: P.A. 93-99, eff. 7-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108-1.01

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1.01) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1.01)
    Sec. 108-1.01. Search during temporary questioning.
    When a peace officer has stopped a person for temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and reasonably suspects that he or another is in danger of attack, he may search the person for weapons. If the officer discovers a weapon, he may take it until the completion of the questioning, at which time he shall either return the weapon, if lawfully possessed, or arrest the person so questioned.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 218.)

725 ILCS 5/108-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-2)
    Sec. 108-2. Custody and disposition of things seized. An inventory of all instruments, articles or things seized on a search without warrant shall be given to the person arrested and a copy thereof delivered to the judge before whom the person arrested is taken, and thereafter, such instruments, articles or things shall be handled and disposed of in accordance with Sections 108-11 and 108-12 of this Code. If the person arrested is released without a charge being preferred against him all instruments, articles or things seized, other than contraband, shall be returned to him upon release.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-3)
    Sec. 108-3. Grounds for search warrant.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), upon the written complaint of any person under oath or affirmation which states facts sufficient to show probable cause and which particularly describes the place or person, or both, to be searched and the things to be seized, any judge may issue a search warrant for the seizure of the following:
        (1) Any instruments, articles or things designed or
    
intended for use or which are or have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, the offense in connection with which the warrant is issued; or contraband, the fruits of crime, or things otherwise criminally possessed.
        (2) Any person who has been kidnaped in violation of
    
the laws of this State, or who has been kidnaped in another jurisdiction and is now concealed within this State, or any human fetus or human corpse.
    (b) When the things to be seized are the work product of, or used in the ordinary course of business, and in the possession, custody, or control of any person known to be engaged in the gathering or dissemination of news for the print or broadcast media, no judge may issue a search warrant unless the requirements set forth in subsection (a) are satisfied and there is probable cause to believe that:
        (1) such person has committed or is committing a
    
criminal offense; or
        (2) the things to be seized will be destroyed or
    
removed from the State if the search warrant is not issued.
(Source: P.A. 89-377, eff. 8-18-95.)

725 ILCS 5/108-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-4)
    Sec. 108-4. Issuance of search warrant.
    (a) All warrants upon written complaint shall state the time and date of issuance and be the warrants of the judge issuing the same and not the warrants of the court in which he or she is then sitting and these warrants need not bear the seal of the court or clerk thereof. The complaint on which the warrant is issued need not be filed with the clerk of the court nor with the court if there is no clerk until the warrant has been executed or has been returned "not executed".
    The search warrant upon written complaint may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of electronic mail or a facsimile transmission machine and this warrant shall have the same validity as a written search warrant.
    (b) Warrant upon oral testimony.
        (1) General rule. When the offense in connection with
    
which a search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, and if the circumstances make it reasonable to dispense, in whole or in part, with a written affidavit, a judge may issue a warrant based upon sworn testimony communicated by telephone or other appropriate means, including facsimile transmission.
        (2) Application. The person who is requesting the
    
warrant shall prepare a document to be known as a duplicate original warrant and shall read such duplicate original warrant, verbatim, to the judge. The judge shall enter, verbatim, what is so read to the judge on a document to be known as the original warrant. The judge may direct that the warrant be modified.
        (3) Issuance. If the judge is satisfied that the
    
offense in connection with which the search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, that the circumstances are such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, and that grounds for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe that they exist, the judge shall order the issuance of a warrant by directing the person requesting the warrant to sign the judge's name on the duplicate original warrant. The judge shall immediately sign the original warrant and enter on the face of the original warrant the exact time when the warrant was ordered to be issued. The finding of probable cause for a warrant upon oral testimony may be based on the same kind of evidence as is sufficient for a warrant upon affidavit.
        (4) Recording and certification of testimony. When a
    
caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, the judge shall immediately place under oath each person whose testimony forms a basis of the application and each person applying for that warrant. If a voice recording device is available, the judge shall record by means of the device all of the call after the caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, otherwise a stenographic or longhand verbatim record shall be made. If a voice recording device is used or a stenographic record made, the judge shall have the record transcribed, shall certify the accuracy of the transcription, and shall file a copy of the original record and the transcription with the court. If a longhand verbatim record is made, the judge shall file a signed copy with the court.
        (5) Contents. The contents of a warrant upon oral
    
testimony shall be the same as the contents of a warrant upon affidavit.
        (6) Additional rule for execution. The person who
    
executes the warrant shall enter the exact time of execution on the face of the duplicate original warrant.
        (7) Motion to suppress based on failure to obtain a
    
written affidavit. Evidence obtained pursuant to a warrant issued under this subsection (b) is not subject to a motion to suppress on the ground that the circumstances were not such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, absent a finding of bad faith. All other grounds to move to suppress are preserved.
        (8) This subsection (b) is inoperative on and after
    
January 1, 2005.
        (9) No evidence obtained pursuant to this subsection
    
(b) shall be inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subdivision (8).
    (c) Warrant upon testimony by simultaneous video and audio transmission.
        (1) General rule. When a search warrant is sought and
    
the request is made by electronic means that has a simultaneous video and audio transmission between the requestor and a judge, the judge may issue a search warrant based upon sworn testimony communicated in the transmission.
        (2) Application. The requestor shall prepare a
    
document to be known as a duplicate original warrant, and
            (A) if circumstances allow, the requestor shall
        
transmit a copy of the warrant together with a complaint for search warrant to the judge by facsimile, email, or other reliable electronic means; or
            (B) if circumstances make transmission under
        
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph (2) impracticable, the requestor shall read the duplicate original warrant, verbatim, to the judge after being placed under oath as provided in paragraph (4) of this subsection (c). The judge shall enter, verbatim, what is so read to the judge on a document in the judge's possession.
    Under both subparagraphs (A) and (B), the document in
    
possession of the judge shall be known as the original warrant. The judge may direct that the warrant be modified.
        (3) Issuance. If the judge is satisfied that grounds
    
for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe that grounds exist, the judge shall order the issuance of a warrant by directing the requestor to sign the judge's name on the duplicate original warrant, place the requestor's initials below the judge's name, and enter on the face of the duplicate original warrant the exact date and time when the warrant was ordered to be issued. The judge shall immediately sign the original warrant and enter on the face of the original warrant the exact date and time when the warrant was ordered to be issued. The finding of probable cause for a warrant under this subsection (c) may be based on the same kind of evidence as is sufficient for a warrant under subsection (a).
        (4) Recording and certification of testimony. When a
    
requestor initiates a request for search warrant under this subsection (c), and after the requestor informs the judge that the purpose of the communication is to request a warrant, the judge shall place under oath each person whose testimony forms a basis of the application and each person applying for that warrant. A record of the facts upon which the judge based his or her decision to issue a warrant must be made and filed with the court, together with the original warrant.
            (A) When the requestor has provided the judge
        
with a written complaint for search warrant under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of this subsection (c) and the judge has sworn the complainant to the facts contained in the complaint for search warrant but has taken no other oral testimony from any person that is essential to establishing probable cause, the judge must acknowledge the attestation in writing on the complaint and file this acknowledged complaint with the court.
            (B) When the requestor has not provided the judge
        
with a written complaint for search warrant, or when the judge has taken oral testimony essential to establishing probable cause not contained in the written complaint for search warrant, the essential facts in the oral testimony that form the basis of the judge's decision to issue the warrant shall be included in the record together with the written complaint, if any. If a recording device is used or a stenographic record is made, the judge shall have the record transcribed, shall certify the accuracy of the transcription, and shall file a copy of the original record and the transcription with the court. If a longhand record is made, the judge shall file a signed copy with the court.
    The material to be filed need not be filed until the
    
warrant has been executed or has been returned "not executed".
        (5) Contents. The contents of a warrant under this
    
subsection (c) shall be the same as the contents of a warrant upon affidavit. A warrant under this subsection is a warrant of the judge issuing the same and not the warrant of the court in which he or she is then sitting and these warrants need not bear the seal of the court or the clerk of the court.
        (6) Additional rule for execution. The person who
    
executes the warrant shall enter the exact time of execution on the face of the duplicate original warrant.
        (7) Motion to suppress based on failure to obtain a
    
written affidavit. Evidence obtained under a warrant issued under this subsection (c) is not subject to a motion to suppress on the ground that the circumstances were not such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, absent a finding of bad faith. All other grounds to move to suppress are preserved.
    (d) The Chief Judge of the circuit court or presiding judge in the issuing jurisdiction shall, by local rule, create a standard practice for the filing or other retention of documents or recordings produced under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-829, eff. 8-1-14; 98-905, eff. 1-1-15; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

725 ILCS 5/108-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-5)
    Sec. 108-5. Persons authorized to execute search warrants.
    The warrant shall be issued in duplicate and shall be directed for execution to all peace officers of the State. However, the judge may direct the warrant to be executed by any person named specially therein.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-6)
    Sec. 108-6. Execution of search warrants.
    The warrant shall be executed within 96 hours from the time of issuance. If the warrant is executed the duplicate copy shall be left with any person from whom any instruments, articles or things are seized or if no person is available the copy shall be left at the place from which the instruments, articles or things were seized. Any warrant not executed within such time shall be void and shall be returned to the court of the judge issuing the same as "not executed".
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-7)
    Sec. 108-7. Command of search warrant.
    The warrant shall command the person directed to execute the same to search the place or person particularly described in the warrant and to seize the instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-8)
    Sec. 108-8. Use of force in execution of search warrant.
    (a) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to execute a search warrant.
    (b) The court issuing a warrant may authorize the officer executing the warrant to make entry without first knocking and announcing his or her office if it finds, based upon a showing of specific facts, the existence of the following exigent circumstances:
        (1) That the officer reasonably believes that if
    
notice were given a weapon would be used:
            (i) against the officer executing the search
        
warrant; or
            (ii) against another person.
        (2) That if notice were given there is an imminent
    
"danger" that evidence will be destroyed.
    (c) Prior to the issuing of a warrant under subsection (b), the officer must attest that:
        (1) prior to entering the location described in the
    
search warrant, a supervising officer will ensure that each participating member is assigned a body worn camera and is following policies and procedures in accordance with Section 10-20 of the Law Enforcement Officer-Worn Body Camera Act; provided that the law enforcement agency has implemented body worn camera in accordance with Section 10-15 of the Law Enforcement Officer-Worn Body Camera Act. If a law enforcement agency or each participating member of a multi-jurisdictional team has not implemented a body camera in accordance with Section 10-15 of the Law Enforcement Officer-Worn Body Camera Act, the officer must attest that the interaction authorized by the warrant is otherwise recorded;
        (2) The supervising officer verified the subject
    
address listed on the warrant for accuracy and planned for children or other vulnerable people on-site; and
        (3) if an officer becomes aware the search warrant
    
was executed at an address, unit, or apartment different from the location listed on the search warrant, that member will immediately notify a supervisor who will ensure an internal investigation or formal inquiry ensues.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 7-1-21; 102-28, eff. 6-25-21.)

725 ILCS 5/108-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-9)
    Sec. 108-9. Detention and search of persons on premises.
    In the execution of the warrant the person executing the same may reasonably detain to search any person in the place at the time:
    (a) To protect himself from attack, or
    (b) To prevent the disposal or concealment of any instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-10)
    Sec. 108-10. Return to court of things seized.
    A return of all instruments, articles or things seized shall be made without unnecessary delay before the judge issuing the warrant or before any judge named in the warrant or before any court of competent jurisdiction. An inventory of any instruments, articles or things seized shall be filed with the return and signed under oath by the officer or person executing the warrant. The judge shall upon request deliver a copy of the inventory to the person from whom or from whose premises the instruments, articles or things were taken and to the applicant for the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-11)
    Sec. 108-11. Disposition of things seized. The court before which the instruments, articles or things are returned shall enter an order providing for their custody pending further proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 83-334.)

725 ILCS 5/108-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-12)
    Sec. 108-12. Disposition of obscene material. In the case of any material seized which is alleged to have been possessed or used or intended to be used contrary to, or is evidence of a violation of, Section 11-20 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the court before which the material is returned shall, upon written request of any person from whom the material was seized or any person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material, enter an order providing for a hearing to determine the obscene nature thereof not more than 10 days after such return. If the material is determined to be obscene it shall be held pending further proceedings as provided by Section 108-11 of this Code. If the material is determined not to be obscene it shall be returned to the person from whom or place from which it was seized, or to the person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material; provided that enough of the record material may be retained by the State for purposes of appellate proceedings. The decision of the court upon this hearing shall not be admissible as evidence in any other proceeding nor shall it be res judicata of any question in any other proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-13)
    Sec. 108-13. When warrant may be executed.
    The warrant may be executed at any time of any day or night.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-14)
    Sec. 108-14. No warrant quashed for technicality. No warrant shall be quashed nor evidence suppressed because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A heading)
ARTICLE 108A. JUDICIAL SUPERVISION OF
THE USE OF EAVESDROPPING DEVICES

725 ILCS 5/108A-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-1)
    Sec. 108A-1. Authorization for use of eavesdropping device. The State's Attorney or an Assistant State's Attorney authorized by the State's Attorney may authorize an application to a circuit judge or an associate judge assigned by the Chief Judge of the circuit for, and such judge may grant in conformity with this Article, an order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device by a law enforcement officer or agency having the responsibility for the investigation of any felony under Illinois law where any one party to a conversation to be monitored, or previously monitored in the case of an emergency situation as defined in this Article, has consented to such monitoring.
    The Chief Judge of the circuit may assign to associate judges the power to issue orders authorizing or approving the use of eavesdropping devices by law enforcement officers or agencies in accordance with this Article. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an associate judge shall have plenary authority to issue such orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until such time as the associate judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-2)
    Sec. 108A-2. Authorized Disclosure or Use of Information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-3)
    Sec. 108A-3. Procedure for Obtaining Judicial Approval of Use of Eavesdropping Device. (a) Where any one party to a conversation to occur in the future has consented to the use of an eavesdropping device to overhear or record the conversation, a judge may grant approval to an application to use an eavesdropping device pursuant to the provisions of this section.
    Each application for an order authorizing or subsequently approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation to a circuit judge, or an associate judge assigned for such purpose pursuant to Section 108A-1 of this Code, and shall state the applicant's authority to make such application. Each application shall include the following:
    (1) the identity of the investigative or law enforcement officer making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application;
    (2) a statement of the facts and circumstances relied upon by the applicant to justify his belief that an order should be issued including: (a) details as to the felony that has been, is being, or is about to be committed; (b) a description of the type of communication sought to be monitored; (c) the identity of the party to the expected conversation consenting to the use of an eavesdropping device; (d) the identity of the person, if known, whose conversations are to be overheard by the eavesdropping device;
    (3) a statement of the period of time for which the use of the device is to be maintained or, if the nature of the investigation is such that the authorization for use of the device should not terminate automatically when the described type of communication is overheard or recorded, a description of facts establishing reasonable cause to believe that additional conversations of the same type will occur thereafter;
    (4) a statement of the existence of all previous applications known to the individual making the application which have been made to any judge requesting permission to use an eavesdropping device involving the same persons in the present application, and the action taken by the judge on the previous applications;
    (5) when the application is for an extension of an order, a statement setting forth the results so far obtained from the use of the eavesdropping device or an explanation of the failure to obtain such results.
    (b) The judge may request the applicant to furnish additional testimony, witnesses, or evidence in support of the application.
(Source: P.A. 86-391.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-4)
    Sec. 108A-4. Grounds for Approval or Authorization. The judge may authorize or approve the use of the eavesdropping device where it is found that:
    (a) one party to the conversation has or will have consented to the use of the device;
    (b) there is reasonable cause for believing that an individual is committing, has committed, or is about to commit a felony under Illinois law;
    (c) there is reasonable cause for believing that particular conversations concerning that felony offense will be obtained through such use; and
    (d) for any extension authorized, that further use of a device is warranted on similar grounds.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-5)
    Sec. 108A-5. Orders Authorizing Use of an Eavesdropping Device.
    (a) Each order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall specify:
        (1) the identity of the person who has consented to
    
the use of the device to monitor any of his conversations and a requirement that any conversation overheard or received must include this person;
        (2) the identity of the other person or persons, if
    
known, who will participate in the conversation;
        (3) the period of time in which the use of the device
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the use shall automatically terminate when the described conversations have been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this section may authorize or approve the use of any eavesdropping device for any period longer than 30 days. An initial or a subsequent extension, in no case for more than 30 days each, of an order may be granted but only upon application made in accordance with Section 108A-3 and where the court makes the findings required in Section 108A-4.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-6)
    Sec. 108A-6. Emergency Exception to Procedures. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Article, any investigative or law enforcement officer, upon approval of a State's Attorney, or without it if a reasonable effort has been made to contact the appropriate State's Attorney, may use an eavesdropping device in an emergency situation as defined in this Section. Such use must be in accordance with the provisions of this Section and may be allowed only where the officer reasonably believes that an order permitting the use of the device would issue were there a prior hearing.
    An emergency situation exists when, without previous notice to the law enforcement officer sufficient to obtain prior judicial approval, the conversation to be overheard or recorded will occur within a short period of time, the use of the device is necessary for the protection of the law enforcement officer or it will occur in a situation involving a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; or (3) any violation of Article 29D.
    (b) In all such cases, an application for an order approving the previous or continuing use of an eavesdropping device must be made within 48 hours of the commencement of such use. In the absence of such an order, or upon its denial, any continuing use shall immediately terminate.
    In order to approve such emergency use, the judge must make a determination (1) that he would have granted an order had the information been before the court prior to the use of the device and (2) that there was an emergency situation as defined in this Section.
    (c) In the event that an application for approval under this Section is denied the contents of the conversations overheard or recorded shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-7)
    Sec. 108A-7. Retention and review of recordings.
    (a) The contents of any conversation overheard by any eavesdropping device shall, if possible, be recorded on tape or a comparable device. The recording of the contents of a conversation under this Article shall be done in such a way as will protect the recording from editing or other alterations.
    (b) Immediately after the expiration of the period of the order or extension or, where the recording was made in an emergency situation as defined in Section 108A-6, at the time of the request for approval subsequent to the emergency, all such recordings shall be made available to the judge issuing the order or hearing the application for approval of an emergency application.
    The judge shall listen to the tapes, determine if the conversations thereon are within his order or were appropriately made in emergency situations, and make a record of such determination to be retained with the tapes.
    The recordings shall be sealed under the instructions of the judge and custody shall be where he orders. Such recordings shall not be destroyed except upon order of the judge hearing the application and in any event shall be kept for 10 years if not destroyed upon his order.
    Duplicate recordings may be made for any use or disclosure authorized by this Article. The presence of the seal provided for in this Section or a satisfactory explanation for the absence thereof shall be a pre-requisite for the use or disclosure of the contents of the recordings or any evidence derived therefrom.
    (c) Applications made and orders granted under this Article shall be sealed by the judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be wherever the judge requests. Such applications and orders shall be disclosed only upon a showing of good cause before a judge. Such documents shall not be destroyed except on the order of the issuing or denying judge or after the expiration of 10 years time if not destroyed upon his order.
    As used in this subsection, "sealed" has the same meaning as in paragraph (4) of subsection (b) of Section 5 of the Court Record and Document Accessibility Act.
(Source: P.A. 103-166, eff. 1-1-24.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-8)
    Sec. 108A-8. Notice to Parties Overheard.
    (a) Within a reasonable time, but not later than 90 days after either the filing of an application for an order of authorization or approval which is denied or not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of an order or extension thereof, the issuing or denying judge shall cause to be served on the persons named in the order or application and such other persons in the recorded conversation as the judge may determine that justice requires be notified, a notice of the transaction involving any requested or completed use of an eavesdropping device which shall include:
    (1) notice of the entry of an order, of subsequent approval in an emergency situation, or the denial of an application;
    (2) the date of the entry, approval, or denial;
    (3) the period of the authorized use of any eavesdropping device; and
    (4) notice of whether during the period of eavesdropping devices were or were not used to overhear and record various conversations and whether or not such conversations are recorded.
    On an ex parte showing of good cause, the notice required by this subsection may be postponed.
    (b) Upon the filing of a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to such person or his attorney for inspection such portions of the recorded conversations or the applications and orders as the judge determines it would be in the interest of justice to make available.
    (c) The contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom shall not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing, or other judicial or administrative proceeding unless each party not less than 10 days before such a proceeding has been furnished with a copy of the court order and accompanying application under which the recording was authorized or approved and has had an opportunity to examine the portion of the tapes to be introduced or relied upon. Such 10 day period may be waived by the judge if he finds that it was not possible to furnish the party with such information within the stated period and that the party will not be materially prejudiced by the delay in receiving such information.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-9)
    Sec. 108A-9. Motion to Suppress Contents of Recording, etc.
    (a) Any aggrieved person in any judicial or administrative proceeding may move to suppress the contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom on the grounds that:
    (1) the conversation was unlawfully overheard and recorded;
    (2) the order of authorization or approval under which the device was used or a recording made was improperly granted; or
    (3) the recording or interception was not made in conformity with the order of authorization.
    (b) Such a motion shall be made before the proceeding unless there was no previous opportunity for such motion. If the motion is granted, the contents shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article. Upon the filing of such a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to the moving party or his attorney such portions of the recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom as the judge determines to be in the interests of justice.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-10)
    Sec. 108A-10. Appeal by State. In addition to any other right to appeal, the State shall have the right to appeal from a denial of an application for an order of authorization or approval and the right to appeal the granting of a motion to suppress.
    Where the State appeals, such appeal shall be taken within 30 days after the date the order was denied or motion granted and shall be diligently prosecuted.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-11)
    Sec. 108A-11. Reports concerning use of eavesdropping devices.
    (a) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which eavesdropping devices were used pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Illinois State Police the following with respect to each application for an order authorizing the use of an eavesdropping device, or an extension thereof, made during the preceding calendar year:
        (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or
    
subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
        (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
        (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension
    
was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
        (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions
    
in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
        (5) the felony specified in the order extension or
    
denied application;
        (6) the identity of the applying investigative or law
    
enforcement officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
        (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the
    
place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) Such report shall also include the following:
        (1) a general description of the uses of
    
eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overheard or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
        (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized
    
uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
        (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of
    
eavesdropping devices;
        (4) the number of motions to suppress made with
    
respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
        (5) the number of convictions resulting from such
    
uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    (c) In April of each year, the Illinois State Police shall transmit to the General Assembly a report including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, and the convictions arising out of such uses.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report as required by Section 3.1 of the General Assembly Organization Act, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B heading)
ARTICLE 108B. ELECTRONIC CRIMINAL SURVEILLANCE

725 ILCS 5/108B-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-1)
    Sec. 108B-1. Definitions. For the purpose of this Article:
    (a) "Aggrieved person" means a person who was a party to any intercepted private communication or any person against whom the intercept was directed.
    (b) "Chief Judge" means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, the Chief Judge of the Circuit Court wherein the application for order of interception is filed, or a Circuit Judge designated by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. In circuits other than the Cook County Circuit, "Chief Judge" also means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, an Associate Judge authorized by Supreme Court Rule to try felony cases who is assigned by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an Associate Judge shall have plenary authority to issue orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until the time the Associate Judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
    (c) "Communications common carrier" means any person engaged as a common carrier in the transmission of communications by wire or radio, not including radio broadcasting.
    (d) "Contents" includes information obtained from a private communication concerning the existence, substance, purport or meaning of the communication, or the identity of a party of the communication.
    (e) "Court of competent jurisdiction" means any circuit court.
    (f) (Blank).
    (g) "Director" means Director of the Illinois State Police.
    (g-1) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or part by a wire, radio, pager, computer, or electromagnetic, photo electronic, or photo optical system where the sending and receiving parties intend the electronic communication to be private and the interception, recording, or transcription of the electronic communication is accomplished by a device in a surreptitious manner contrary to the provisions of this Article. "Electronic communication" does not include:
        (1) any wire or oral communication; or
        (2) any communication from a tracking device.
    (h) "Electronic criminal surveillance device" or "eavesdropping device" means any device or apparatus, or computer program including an induction coil, that can be used to intercept private communication other than:
        (1) Any telephone, telegraph or telecommunication
    
instrument, equipment or facility, or any component of it, furnished to the subscriber or user by a communication common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or purchased by any person and being used by the subscriber, user or person in the ordinary course of his business, or being used by a communications common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or by an investigative or law enforcement officer in the ordinary course of his duties; or
        (2) A hearing aid or similar device being used to
    
correct subnormal hearing to not better than normal.
    (i) "Electronic criminal surveillance officer" means any law enforcement officer or retired law enforcement officer of the United States or of the State or political subdivision of it, or of another State, or of a political subdivision of it, who is certified by the Illinois State Police to intercept private communications. A retired law enforcement officer may be certified by the Illinois State Police only to (i) prepare petitions for the authority to intercept private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Act; (ii) intercept and supervise the interception of private communications; (iii) handle, safeguard, and use evidence derived from such private communications; and (iv) operate and maintain equipment used to intercept private communications.
    (j) "In-progress trace" means to determine the origin of a wire communication to a telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment or facility during the course of the communication.
    (k) "Intercept" means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any private communication through the use of any electronic criminal surveillance device.
    (l) "Journalist" means a person engaged in, connected with, or employed by news media, including newspapers, magazines, press associations, news agencies, wire services, radio, television or other similar media, for the purpose of gathering, processing, transmitting, compiling, editing or disseminating news for the general public.
    (m) "Law enforcement agency" means any law enforcement agency of the United States, or the State or a political subdivision of it.
    (n) "Oral communication" means human speech used to communicate by one party to another, in person, by wire communication or by any other means.
    (o) "Private communication" means a wire, oral, or electronic communication uttered or transmitted by a person exhibiting an expectation that the communication is not subject to interception, under circumstances reasonably justifying the expectation. Circumstances that reasonably justify the expectation that a communication is not subject to interception include the use of a cordless telephone or cellular communication device.
    (p) "Wire communication" means any human speech used to communicate by one party to another in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by wire, cable or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception furnished or operated by a communications common carrier.
    (q) "Privileged communications" means a private communication between:
        (1) a licensed and practicing physician and a patient
    
within the scope of the profession of the physician;
        (2) a licensed and practicing psychologist to a
    
patient within the scope of the profession of the psychologist;
        (3) a licensed and practicing attorney-at-law and a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the lawyer;
        (4) a practicing clergyman and a confidant within the
    
scope of the profession of the clergyman;
        (5) a practicing journalist within the scope of his
    
profession;
        (6) spouses within the scope of their marital
    
relationship; or
        (7) a licensed and practicing social worker to a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the social worker.
    (r) "Retired law enforcement officer" means a person: (1) who is a graduate of a police training institute or academy, who after graduating served for at least 15 consecutive years as a sworn, full-time peace officer qualified to carry firearms for any federal or State department or agency or for any unit of local government of Illinois; (2) who has retired as a local, State, or federal peace officer in a publicly created peace officer retirement system; and (3) whose service in law enforcement was honorably terminated through retirement or disability and not as a result of discipline, suspension, or discharge.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5)
    Sec. 108B-1.5. Retired law enforcement officer. Nothing in this Article authorizes a retired law enforcement officer to display or use a firearm at any time.
(Source: P.A. 92-863, eff. 1-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2)
    Sec. 108B-2. Request for application for interception.
    (a) A State's Attorney may apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) The head of a law enforcement agency, including, for purposes of this subsection, the acting head of such law enforcement agency if the head of such agency is absent or unable to serve, may request that a State's Attorney apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    Upon request of a law enforcement agency, the Illinois State Police may provide technical assistance to such an agency which is authorized to conduct an interception.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2a

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2a) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2a)
    Sec. 108B-2a. Authorized disclosure or use of information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative officer, including any attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of offenses enumerated in Section 108B-3 of this Act or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-3)
    Sec. 108B-3. Authorization for the interception of private communication.
    (a) The State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him and to perform his duties during his absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and (i) the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of Section 8-1(b) (solicitation of murder), 8-1.2 (solicitation of murder for hire), 9-1 (first degree murder), 10-9 (involuntary servitude, involuntary sexual servitude of a minor, or trafficking in persons), paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) of Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution), subdivision (a)(2)(A) or (a)(2)(B) of Section 11-14.3 (promoting prostitution), 11-15.1 (soliciting for a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-16 (pandering), 11-17.1 (keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), 11-18.1 (patronizing a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-19.1 (juvenile pimping and aggravated juvenile pimping), or 29B-1 (money laundering) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Section 401, 401.1 (controlled substance trafficking), 405, 405.1 (criminal drug conspiracy) or 407 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or any Section of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, a violation of Section 24-2.1, 24-2.2, 24-3, 24-3.1, 24-3.3, 24-3.4, 24-4, or 24-5 or subsection 24-1(a)(4), 24-1(a)(6), 24-1(a)(7), 24-1(a)(9), 24-1(a)(10), or 24-1(c) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or conspiracy to commit money laundering or conspiracy to commit first degree murder; (ii) in response to a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; (iii) to aid an investigation or prosecution of a civil action brought under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act when there is probable cause to believe the interception of the private communication will provide evidence that a streetgang is committing, has committed, or will commit a second or subsequent gang-related offense or that the interception of the private communication will aid in the collection of a judgment entered under that Act; or (iv) upon information and belief that a streetgang has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a felony.
    (b) The State's Attorney or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a circuit court for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of an offense under Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b-1) Subsection (b) is inoperative on and after January 1, 2005.
    (b-2) No conversations recorded or monitored pursuant to subsection (b) shall be made inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subsection (b-1).
    (c) As used in this Section, "streetgang" and "gang-related" have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-710, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1464, eff. 8-20-10; 97-897, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-4)
    Sec. 108B-4. Application for order of interception.
    (a) Each application for an order of authorization to intercept a private communication shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation and shall include:
        (1) the authority of the applicant to make the
    
application;
        (2) the identity of the electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer for whom the authority to intercept a private communication is sought;
        (3) the facts relied upon by the applicant including:
            (i) the identity of the particular person, if
        
known, who is committing, is about to commit, or has committed the offense and whose private communication is to be intercepted;
            (ii) the details as to the particular offense
        
that has been, is being, or is about to be committed;
            (iii) the particular type of private
        
communication to be intercepted;
            (iv) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, a
        
showing that there is probable cause to believe that the private communication will be communicated on the particular wire or electronic communication facility involved or at the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (v) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, the
        
character and location of the particular wire or electronic communication facilities involved or the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (vi) the objective of the investigation;
            (vii) a statement of the period of time for which
        
the interception is required to be maintained, and, if the objective of the investigation is such that the authorization for interception should not automatically terminate when the described type of communication has been first obtained, a particular statement of facts establishing probable cause to believe that additional communications of the same type will continue to occur;
            (viii) a particular statement of facts showing
        
that other normal investigative procedures with respect to the offense have been tried and have failed, or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried, or are too dangerous to employ;
        (4) where the application is for the extension of an
    
order, a statement of facts showing the results obtained from the interception, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain results;
        (5) a statement of the facts concerning all previous
    
applications known to the applicant made to any court for authorization to intercept a private communication involving any of the same facilities or places specified in the application or involving any person whose communication is to be intercepted, and the action taken by the court on each application;
        (6) a proposed order of authorization for
    
consideration by the judge; and
        (7) such additional statements of facts in support of
    
the application on which the applicant may rely or as the chief judge may require.
    (b) As part of the consideration of that part of an application for which there is no corroborative evidence offered, the chief judge may inquire in camera as to the identity of any informant or request any other additional information concerning the basis upon which the State's Attorney, or the head of the law enforcement agency has relied in making an application or a request for application for the order of authorization which the chief judge finds relevant to the determination of probable cause under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-5)
    Sec. 108B-5. Requirements for order of interception.
    (a) Upon consideration of an application, the chief judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or as modified, authorizing the interception of a private communication, if the chief judge determines on the basis of the application submitted by the applicant, that:
        (1) There is probable cause for belief that (A) the
    
person whose private communication is to be intercepted is committing, has committed, or is about to commit an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3, or (B) the facilities from which, or the place where, the private communication is to be intercepted, is, has been, or is about to be used in connection with the commission of the offense, or is leased to, listed in the name of, or commonly used by, the person; and
        (2) There is probable cause for belief that a
    
particular private communication concerning such offense may be obtained through the interception; and
        (3) Normal investigative procedures with respect to
    
the offense have been tried and have failed or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or too dangerous to employ; and
        (4) The electronic criminal surveillance officers to
    
be authorized to supervise the interception of the private communication have been certified by the Illinois State Police.
    (b) In the case of an application, other than for an extension, for an order to intercept a communication of a person or on a wire communication facility that was the subject of a previous order authorizing interception, the application shall be based upon new evidence or information different from and in addition to the evidence or information offered to support the prior order, regardless of whether the evidence was derived from prior interceptions or from other sources.
    (c) The chief judge may authorize interception of a private communication anywhere in the judicial circuit. If the court authorizes the use of an eavesdropping device with respect to a vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft that is within the judicial circuit at the time the order is issued, the order may provide that the interception may continue anywhere within the State if the vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft leaves the judicial circuit.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-6)
    Sec. 108B-6. Privileged communications. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to authorize the interception, disclosure or use of information obtained from privileged communications.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-7)
    Sec. 108B-7. Contents of order for use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Each order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall state:
        (1) the chief judge is authorized to issue the order;
        (2) the identity of, or a particular description of,
    
the person, if known, whose private communications are to be intercepted;
        (3) the character and location of the particular wire
    
communication facilities as to which, or the particular place of the communications as to which, authority to intercept is granted;
        (4) a particular description of the type of private
    
communication to be intercepted and a statement of the particular offense to which it relates;
        (5) the identity and certification of the electronic
    
criminal surveillance officers to whom the authority to intercept a private communication is given and the identity of the person who authorized the application; and
        (6) the period of time during which the interception
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the interception shall automatically terminate when the described communication has been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this Section shall authorize the interception of private communications for a period of time in excess of that necessary to achieve the objective of the authorization. Every order entered under this Section shall require that the interception begin and terminate as soon as practicable and be conducted in such a manner as to minimize the interception of communications not otherwise subject to interception. No order, other than for an extension, entered under this Section may authorize the interception of private communications for any period exceeding 30 days. Extensions of an order may be granted for periods of not more than 30 days. No extension shall be granted unless an application for it is made in accordance with Section 108B-4 and the judge makes the findings required by Section 108B-5 and, where necessary, Section 108B-6.
    (c) Whenever an order authorizing an interception is entered, the order shall require reports to be made to the chief judge who issued the order showing what progress has been made toward achievement of the authorized objective and the need for continued interception. The reports shall be made at such intervals as the judge may require.
    (d) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon request of the applicant, direct that a communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person furnish the applicant forthwith all information, facilities and technical assistance necessary to accomplish the interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with the services that the carrier, owner, building operator, landlord, custodian, or person is affording the person whose communication is to be intercepted. The obligation of a communications common carrier under the order may include conducting an in-progress trace during an interception. Any communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or person furnishing the facilities or technical assistance shall be compensated by the applicant at the prevailing rates.
    (e) A communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person who has been provided with an order issued under this Article shall not disclose the existence of the order of interception, or of a device used to accomplish the interception unless:
        (1) he is required to do so by legal process; and
        (2) he has given prior notification to the State's
    
Attorney, who has authorized the application for the order.
    (f) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon the request of the applicant, authorize the entry into the place or facilities by electronic criminal surveillance officers as often as necessary for the purpose of installing, maintaining or removing an intercepting device where the entry is necessary to conduct or complete the interception. The chief judge who issues the order shall be notified of the fact of each entry prior to entry, if practicable, and, in any case, within 48 hours of entry.
    (g)  (1) Notwithstanding any provision of this Article, any chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction to which any application is made under this Article may take any evidence, make any finding, or issue any order to conform the proceedings or the issuance of any order to the Constitution of the United States, or of any law of the United States or to the Constitution of the State of Illinois or to the laws of Illinois.
    (2) When the language of this Article is the same or similar to the language of Title III of P.L. 90-351 (82 Stat. 211 et seq., codified at, 18 U.S.C. 2510 et seq.), the courts of this State in construing this Article shall follow the construction given to Federal law by the United States Supreme Court or United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5)
    Sec. 108B-7.5. Applicability.
    (a) The requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article relating to the specification of the facilities from which, or the place where, the communication is to be intercepted do not apply if:
        (1) in the case of an application with respect to the
    
interception of an oral communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application contains a full and complete
        
statement as to why such specification is not practical and identifies the person committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted;
            (C) the judge finds that such specification is
        
not practical; and
            (D) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (2) in the case of an application with respect to a
    
wire or electronic communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application identifies the person
        
believed to be committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted and the applicant makes a showing that there is probable cause to believe that the person's actions could have the effect of thwarting interception from a specified facility;
            (C) the judge finds that such showing has been
        
adequately made;
            (D) the order authorizing or approving the
        
interception is limited to interception only for such time as it is reasonable to presume that the person identified in the application is or was reasonably proximate to the instrument through which such communication will be or was transmitted; and
            (E) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b) An interception of a communication under an order with respect to which the requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article do not apply by reason of this Section shall not begin until the place where the communication is to be intercepted is ascertained by the person implementing the interception order. A provider of wire or electronic communications service that has received an order as provided for in subdivision (a)(2) may upon notice to the People move the court to modify or quash the order on the ground that its assistance with respect to the interception cannot be performed in a timely or reasonable fashion. The court shall decide such a motion expeditiously.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-8)
    Sec. 108B-8. Emergency use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Whenever, upon informal application by the State's Attorney, a chief judge of competent jurisdiction determines that:
        (1) there may be grounds upon which an order could be
    
issued under this Article;
        (2) there is probable cause to believe that an
    
emergency situation exists with respect to the investigation of an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3; and
        (3) there is probable cause to believe that a
    
substantial danger to life or limb exists justifying the authorization for immediate interception of a private communication before formal application for an order could with due diligence be submitted to him and acted upon; the chief judge may grant oral approval for an interception, without an order, conditioned upon the filing with him, within 48 hours, of an application for an order under Section 108B-4 which shall also recite the oral approval under this Section and be retroactive to the time of the oral approval.
    (b) Interception under oral approval under this Section shall immediately terminate when the communication sought is obtained or when the application for an order is denied, whichever is earlier.
    (c) In the event no formal application for an order is subsequently made under this Section, the content of any private communication intercepted under oral approval under this Section shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
    (d) In the event no application for an order is made under this Section or an application made under this Section is subsequently denied, the judge shall cause an inventory to be served under Section 108B-11 of this Article and shall require the tape or other recording of the intercepted communication to be delivered to, and sealed by, the judge. The evidence shall be retained by the court, and it shall not be used or disclosed in any legal proceeding, except a civil action brought by an aggrieved person under Section 14-6 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or as otherwise authorized by the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. In addition to other remedies or penalties provided by law, failure to deliver any tape or other recording to the chief judge shall be punishable as contempt by the judge directing the delivery.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-9)
    Sec. 108B-9. Recordings, records and custody.
    (a) Any private communication intercepted in accordance with this Article shall, if practicable, be recorded by tape or other comparable method. The recording shall, if practicable, be done in such a way as will protect it from editing or other alteration. During an interception, the interception shall be carried out by an electronic criminal surveillance officer, and, if practicable, such officer shall keep a signed, written record, including:
        (1) the date and hours of surveillance;
        (2) the time and duration of each intercepted
    
communication;
        (3) the parties, if known, to each intercepted
    
conversation; and
        (4) a summary of the contents of each intercepted
    
communication.
    (b) Immediately upon the expiration of the order or its extensions, the tapes and other recordings shall be transferred to the chief judge issuing the order and sealed under his direction. Custody of the tapes, or other recordings, shall be maintained wherever the chief judge directs. They shall not be destroyed except upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction and in any event shall be kept for 10 years. Duplicate tapes or other recordings may be made for disclosure or use under paragraph (a) of Section 108B-2a of this Article. The presence of the seal provided by this Section, or a satisfactory explanation for its absence, shall be a prerequisite for the disclosure of the contents of any private communication, or evidence derived from it, under paragraph (b) of Section 108B-2a of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-10)
    Sec. 108B-10. Applications, orders, and custody.
    (a) Applications made and orders granted under this Article for the interception of private communications shall be sealed by the chief judge issuing or denying them and held in custody as the judge shall direct. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure of the applications and orders may be ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction on a showing of good cause.
    (b) The electronic criminal surveillance officer shall retain a copy of applications and orders for the interception of private communications. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure and use of the applications and orders may be made by an electronic criminal surveillance officer only in the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) In addition to any other remedies or penalties provided by law, any violation of this Section shall be punishable as contempt of court.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-11)
    Sec. 108B-11. Inventory.
    (a) Within a reasonable period of time but not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of the order, or its extensions, or the date of the denial of an application made under Section 108B-8, the chief judge issuing or denying the order or extension shall cause an inventory to be served on any person:
        (1) named in the order;
        (2) arrested as a result of the interception of his
    
private communication;
        (3) indicted or otherwise charged as a result of the
    
interception of his private communication;
        (4) whose private communication was intercepted and
    
who the judge issuing or denying the order or application may in his discretion determine should be informed in the interest of justice.

 
    (b) The inventory under this Section shall include:
        (1) notice of the entry of the order or the
    
application for an order denied under Section 108B-8;
        (2) the date of the entry of the order or the denial
    
of an order applied for under Section 108B-8;
        (3) the period of authorized or disapproved
    
interception; and
        (4) the fact that during the period a private
    
communication was or was not intercepted.
    (c) A court of competent jurisdiction, upon filing of a motion, may in its discretion make available to those persons or their attorneys for inspection those portions of the intercepted communications, applications and orders as the court determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (d) On an ex parte showing of good cause to a court of competent jurisdiction, the serving of the inventories required by this Section may be postponed for a period not to exceed 12 months.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-12)
    Sec. 108B-12. Approval, notice, suppression.
    (a) If an electronic criminal surveillance officer, while intercepting a private communication in accordance with the provision of this Article, intercepts a private communication that relates to an offense other than an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Act, or relates to an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 but not specified in the order of authorization, the State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him, may, in order to permit the disclosure or use of the information under Section 108B-2a of this Act, make a motion for an order approving the interception. The chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction shall enter an order approving the interception if he finds that at the time of the application, there existed probable cause to believe that a person whose private communication was intercepted was committing or had committed an offense and the content of the communication relates to that offense, and that the communication was otherwise intercepted in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) An intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in an official proceeding unless each aggrieved person who is a party in the official proceeding, including any proceeding before a legislative, judicial, administrative or other governmental agency or official authorized to hear evidence under oath or other person taking testimony or depositions in any such proceeding, other than a grand jury, has, not less than 10 days before the official proceeding, been furnished with a copy of the court order, and the accompanying application, under which the interception was authorized or approved. The 10 day period may be waived by the presiding official if he finds that it was not practicable to furnish the person with the information 10 days before the proceeding, and that the person will not be or has not been prejudiced by delay in receiving the information.
    (c) An aggrieved person in an official proceeding may make a motion under this Section to suppress the contents of an intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, on the grounds that:
        (1) the communication was unlawfully intercepted;
        (2) the order of authorization or approval under
    
which it was intercepted is insufficient on its face; or
        (3) the interception was not made in conformity with
    
the order of authorization or approval or at the time of the application there was not probable cause to believe that the aggrieved person was committing or had committed the offense to which the content of the private communication relates.
    (d) If a motion under this Section duly alleges that the evidence sought to be suppressed in an official proceeding, including a grand jury, has been derived from an unlawfully intercepted private communication, and if the aggrieved person who is a party has not been served with notice of the interception under this Section, the opponent of the allegation shall, after conducting a thorough search of its files, affirm or deny the occurrence of the alleged unlawful interception, but no motion shall be considered if the alleged unlawful interception took place more than 5 years before the event to which the evidence relates.
    (e) Where a motion is duly made under this Section prior to the appearance of a witness before a grand jury, the opponent of the motion may make such applications and orders as it has available to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction in camera, and if the judge determines that there is no defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, the judge shall inform the witness that he has not been the subject of an unlawful interception. If the judge determines that there is a defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, he shall enter an order prohibiting any question being put to the witness based on the unlawful interception.
    (f) Motions under this Section shall be made prior to the official proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make the motion or unless the aggrieved person who is a party was not aware of the grounds for the motion. Motions by co-indictees shall, on motion of the People, be heard in a single consolidated hearing.
    (g) A chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction, upon the filing of a motion by an aggrieved person who is a party under this Section, except before a grand jury, may make available for inspection by the aggrieved person or his attorney such portions of the intercepted private communications, applications and orders or the evidence derived from them as the judge determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (h) If a motion under this Section is granted, the intercepted private communication, and evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence in an official proceeding, including a grand jury.
    (i) In addition to any other right of appeal, the People shall have the right to appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress if the official to whom the order authorizing the interception was granted certifies to the court that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay. The appeal shall otherwise be taken in accordance with the law.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-13)
    Sec. 108B-13. Reports concerning use of eavesdropping devices.
    (a) Within 30 days after the expiration of an order and each extension thereof authorizing an interception, or within 30 days after the denial of an application or disapproval of an application subsequent to any alleged emergency situation, the State's Attorney shall report to the Illinois State Police the following:
        (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or
    
subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
        (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
        (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension
    
was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
        (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions
    
in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
        (5) the offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 which is
    
specified in the order or extension or in the denied application;
        (6) the identity of the applying electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
        (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the
    
place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which an interception occurred pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Illinois State Police the following:
        (1) a general description of the uses of
    
eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overhear or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
        (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized
    
uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
        (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of
    
eavesdropping devices;
        (4) the number of motions to suppress made with
    
respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
        (5) the number of convictions resulting from such
    
uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    On or before March 1 of each year, the Director of the Illinois State Police shall submit to the Governor a report of all intercepts as defined herein conducted pursuant to this Article and terminated during the preceding calendar year. Such report shall include:
        (1) the reports of State's Attorneys forwarded to the
    
Director as required in this Section;
        (2) the number of Illinois State Police personnel
    
authorized to possess, install, or operate electronic, mechanical, or other devices;
        (3) the number of Illinois State Police and other law
    
enforcement personnel who participated or engaged in the seizure of intercepts pursuant to this Article during the preceding calendar year;
        (4) the number of electronic criminal surveillance
    
officers trained by the Illinois State Police;
        (5) the total cost to the Illinois State Police of
    
all activities and procedures relating to the seizure of intercepts during the preceding calendar year, including costs of equipment, manpower, and expenses incurred as compensation for use of facilities or technical assistance provided to or by the Illinois State Police; and
        (6) a summary of the use of eavesdropping devices
    
pursuant to orders of interception including (a) the frequency of use in each county, (b) the frequency of use for each crime enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, as amended, (c) the type and frequency of eavesdropping device use, and (d) the frequency of use by each police department or law enforcement agency of this State.
    (d) In April of each year, the Director of the Illinois State Police and the Governor shall each transmit to the General Assembly reports including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, the convictions arising out of such uses, and a summary of the information required by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report as required by Section 3.1 of the General Assembly Organization Act, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-14)
    Sec. 108B-14. Training.
    (a) The Director of the Illinois State Police shall:
        (1) Establish a course of training in the legal,
    
practical, and technical aspects of the interception of private communications and related investigation and prosecution techniques;
        (2) Issue regulations as he finds necessary for the
    
training program;
        (3) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, set minimum standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interceptions, and to use the private communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings; and
        (4) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, revoke or suspend the certification of any electronic criminal surveillance officer who has violated any law relating to electronic criminal surveillance, or any of the guidelines established by the Illinois State Police for conducting electronic criminal surveillance.
    (b) The Executive Director of the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board shall:
        (1) Pursuant to the Illinois Police Training Act,
    
review the course of training prescribed by the Illinois State Police for the purpose of certification relating to reimbursement of expenses incurred by local law enforcement agencies participating in the electronic criminal surveillance officer training process, and
        (2) Assist the Illinois State Police in establishing
    
minimum standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as being eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interpretations, and to use the communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. III

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. III heading)
TITLE III. PROCEEDINGS AFTER ARREST

725 ILCS 5/Art. 109

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 109 heading)
ARTICLE 109. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

725 ILCS 5/109-1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-1)
    Sec. 109-1. Person arrested; release from law enforcement custody and court appearance; geographic constraints prevent in-person appearances.
    (a) A person arrested with or without a warrant for an offense for which pretrial release may be denied under paragraphs (1) through (6) of Section 110-6.1 shall be taken without unnecessary delay before the nearest and most accessible judge in that county, except when such county is a participant in a regional jail authority, in which event such person may be taken to the nearest and most accessible judge, irrespective of the county where such judge presides, within 48 hours, and a charge shall be filed. Whenever a person arrested either with or without a warrant is required to be taken before a judge, a charge may be filed against such person by way of a two-way audio-visual communication system, except that a hearing to deny pretrial release to the defendant may not be conducted by two-way audio-visual communication system unless the accused waives the right to be present physically in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
    (a-1) Law enforcement shall issue a citation in lieu of custodial arrest, upon proper identification, for those accused of any offense that is not a felony or Class A misdemeanor unless (i) a law enforcement officer reasonably believes the accused poses a threat to the community or any person, (ii) a custodial arrest is necessary because the criminal activity persists after the issuance of a citation, or (iii) the accused has an obvious medical or mental health issue that poses a risk to the accused's own safety. Nothing in this Section requires arrest in the case of Class A misdemeanor and felony offenses, or otherwise limits existing law enforcement discretion to decline to effect a custodial arrest.
    (a-3) A person arrested with or without a warrant for an offense for which pretrial release may not be denied may, except as otherwise provided in this Code, be released by a law enforcement officer without appearing before a judge. A presumption in favor of pretrial release shall be applied by an arresting officer in the exercise of his or her discretion under this Section.
    (a-5) A person charged with an offense shall be allowed counsel at the hearing at which pretrial release is determined under Article 110 of this Code. If the defendant desires counsel for his or her initial appearance but is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint a public defender or licensed attorney at law of this State to represent him or her.
    (b) Upon initial appearance of a person before the court, the judge shall:
        (1) inform the defendant of the charge against him
    
and shall provide him with a copy of the charge;
        (2) advise the defendant of his right to counsel and
    
if indigent shall appoint a public defender or licensed attorney at law of this State to represent him in accordance with the provisions of Section 113-3 of this Code;
        (3) schedule a preliminary hearing in appropriate
    
cases;
        (4) admit the defendant to pretrial release in
    
accordance with the provisions of Article 110 of this Code, or upon verified petition of the State, proceed with the setting of a detention hearing as provided in Section 110-6.1; and
        (5) order the confiscation of the person's passport
    
or impose travel restrictions on a defendant arrested for first degree murder or other violent crime as defined in Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act, if the judge determines, based on the factors in Section 110-5 of this Code, that this will reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant and compliance by the defendant with all conditions of release.
    (c) The court may issue an order of protection in accordance with the provisions of Article 112A of this Code. Crime victims shall be given notice by the State's Attorney's office of this hearing as required in paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 4.5 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act and shall be informed of their opportunity at this hearing to obtain an order of protection under Article 112A of this Code.
    (d) At the initial appearance of a defendant in any criminal proceeding, the court must advise the defendant in open court that any foreign national who is arrested or detained has the right to have notice of the arrest or detention given to his or her country's consular representatives and the right to communicate with those consular representatives if the notice has not already been provided. The court must make a written record of so advising the defendant.
    (e) If consular notification is not provided to a defendant before his or her first appearance in court, the court shall grant any reasonable request for a continuance of the proceedings to allow contact with the defendant's consulate. Any delay caused by the granting of the request by a defendant shall temporarily suspend for the time of the delay the period within which a person shall be tried as prescribed by subsection (a), (b), or (e) of Section 103-5 of this Code and on the day of the expiration of delay the period shall continue at the point at which it was suspended.
    (f) At the hearing at which conditions of pretrial release are determined, the person charged shall be present in person rather than by two-way audio-video communication system unless the accused waives the right to be present physically in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
    (g) Defense counsel shall be given adequate opportunity to confer with the defendant prior to any hearing in which conditions of release or the detention of the defendant is to be considered, with a physical accommodation made to facilitate attorney/client consultation. If defense counsel needs to confer or consult with the defendant during any hearing conducted via a two-way audio-visual communication system, such consultation shall not be recorded and shall be undertaken consistent with constitutional protections.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/109-1.1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-1.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-1.1)
    Sec. 109-1.1. Whenever a person arrested either with or without a warrant is taken before a judge as provided for in Sections 107-9(d)(6) and 109-1(a), the judge shall ask the arrestee whether he or she has any children under 18 years old living with him or her who may be neglected as a result of the arrest, incarceration or otherwise. If the judge has reasonable cause to believe that a child may be a neglected child as defined in the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, he shall instruct a probation officer to report it immediately to the Department of Children and Family Services as provided in that Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

725 ILCS 5/109-2

    (725 ILCS 5/109-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-2)
    Sec. 109-2. Person arrested in another county.
    (a) Any person arrested in a county other than the one in which a warrant for his arrest was issued shall be taken without unnecessary delay before the nearest and most accessible judge in the county where the arrest was made or, if no additional delay is created, before the nearest and most accessible judge in the county from which the warrant was issued. The judge may hold a hearing to determine if the defendant is the same person as named in the warrant.
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), any person arrested in a county other than the one in which a warrant for his arrest was issued, may waive the right to be taken before a judge in the county where the arrest was made. If a person so arrested waives such right, the arresting agency shall surrender such person to a law enforcement agency of the county that issued the warrant without unnecessary delay. The provisions of Section 109-1 shall then apply to the person so arrested.
    (c) If a person is taken before a judge in any county and a warrant for arrest issued by another Illinois county exists for that person, the court in the arresting county shall hold for that person a detention hearing under Section 110-6.1, or other hearing under Section 110-5 or Section 110-6.
    (d) After the court in the arresting county has determined whether the person shall be released or detained on the arresting offense, the court shall then order the sheriff to immediately contact the sheriff in any county where any warrant is outstanding and notify them of the arrest of the individual.
    (e) If a person has a warrant in another county for an offense, then, no later than 5 calendar days after the end of any detention issued on the charge in the arresting county, the county where the warrant is outstanding shall do one of the following:
        (1) transport the person to the county where the
    
warrant was issued for a hearing under Section 110-6 or 110-6.1 in the matter for which the warrant was issued; or
        (2) quash the warrant and order the person released
    
on the case for which the warrant was issued only when the county that issued the warrant fails to transport the defendant in the timeline as proscribed.
    (f) If the issuing county fails to take any action under subsection (e) within 5 calendar days, the defendant shall be released from custody on the warrant, and the circuit judge or associate circuit judge in the county of arrest shall set conditions of release under Section 110-5 and shall admit the defendant to pretrial release for his or her appearance before the court named in the warrant. Upon releasing the defendant, the circuit judge or associate circuit judge shall certify such a fact on the warrant and deliver the warrant and the acknowledgment by the defendant of his or her receiving the conditions of pretrial release to the officer having charge of the defendant from arrest and without delay deliver such warrant and such acknowledgment by the defendant of his or her receiving the conditions to the court before which the defendant is required to appear.
    (g) If a person has a warrant in another county, in lieu of transporting the person to the issuing county as outlined in subsection (e), the issuing county may hold the hearing by way of a two-way audio-visual communication system if the accused waives the right to be physically present in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
    (h) If more than 2 Illinois county warrants exist, the judge in the county of arrest shall order that the process described in subsections (d) through (f) occur in each county in whatever order the judge finds most appropriate. Each judge in each subsequent county shall then follow the rules in this Section.
    (i) This Section applies only to warrants issued by Illinois state, county, or municipal courts.
    (j) When an issuing agency is contacted by an out-of-state agency of a person arrested for any offense, or when an arresting agency is contacted by or contacts an out-of-state issuing agency, the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act shall govern.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/109-3

    (725 ILCS 5/109-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-3)
    Sec. 109-3. Preliminary examination.
    (a) The judge shall hold the defendant to answer to the court having jurisdiction of the offense if from the evidence it appears there is probable cause to believe an offense has been committed by the defendant, as provided in Section 109-3.1 of this Code, if the offense is a felony.
    (b) If the defendant waives preliminary examination the judge shall hold him to answer and may, or on the demand of the prosecuting attorney shall, cause the witnesses for the State to be examined. After hearing the testimony if it appears that there is not probable cause to believe the defendant guilty of any offense the judge shall discharge him.
    (c) During the examination of any witness or when the defendant is making a statement or testifying the judge may and on the request of the defendant or State shall exclude all other witnesses. He may also cause the witnesses to be kept separate and to be prevented from communicating with each other until all are examined.
    (d) If the defendant is held to answer the judge may require any material witness for the State or defendant to enter into a written undertaking to appear at the trial. Any witness who refuses to execute a recognizance may be committed by the judge to the custody of the sheriff until trial or further order of the court having jurisdiction of the cause. Any witness who executes a recognizance and fails to comply with its terms commits a Class C misdemeanor.
    (e) During preliminary hearing or examination the defendant may move for an order of suppression of evidence pursuant to Section 114-11 or 114-12 of this Act or for other reasons, and may move for dismissal of the charge pursuant to Section 114-1 of this Act or for other reasons.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/109-3.1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-3.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-3.1)
    Sec. 109-3.1. Persons charged with felonies.
    (a) In any case involving a person charged with a felony in this State, alleged to have been committed on or after January 1, 1984, the provisions of this Section shall apply.
    (b) Every person in custody in this State for the alleged commission of a felony shall receive either a preliminary examination as provided in Section 109-3 or an indictment by Grand Jury as provided in Section 111-2, within 30 days from the date he or she was taken into custody. Every person released pretrial for the alleged commission of a felony shall receive either a preliminary examination as provided in Section 109-3 or an indictment by Grand Jury as provided in Section 111-2, within 60 days from the date he or she was arrested.
    The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the following situations:
        (1) when delay is occasioned by the defendant; or
        (2) when the defendant has been indicted by the Grand
    
Jury on the felony offense for which he or she was initially taken into custody or on an offense arising from the same transaction or conduct of the defendant that was the basis for the felony offense or offenses initially charged; or
        (3) when a competency examination is ordered by the
    
court; or
        (4) when a competency hearing is held; or
        (5) when an adjudication of incompetency for trial
    
has been made; or
        (6) when the case has been continued by the court
    
under Section 114-4 of this Code after a determination that the defendant is physically incompetent to stand trial.
    (c) Delay occasioned by the defendant shall temporarily suspend, for the time of the delay, the period within which the preliminary examination must be held. On the day of expiration of the delay the period in question shall continue at the point at which it was suspended.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 110

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 110 heading)
ARTICLE 110. PRETRIAL RELEASE
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-1)
    Sec. 110-1. Definitions. As used in this Article:
    (a) (Blank).
    (b) "Sureties" encompasses the nonmonetary requirements set by the court as conditions for release either before or after conviction.
    (c) The phrase "for which a sentence of imprisonment, without conditional and revocable release, shall be imposed by law as a consequence of conviction" means an offense for which a sentence of imprisonment in the Department of Corrections, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, is required by law upon conviction.
    (d)(Blank).
    (e) "Protective order" means any order of protection issued under Section 112A-14 of this Code or the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, a stalking no contact order issued under Section 80 of the Stalking No Contact Order Act, or a civil no contact order issued under Section 213 of the Civil No Contact Order Act.
    (f) "Willful flight" means intentional conduct with a purpose to thwart the judicial process to avoid prosecution. Isolated instances of nonappearance in court alone are not evidence of the risk of willful flight. Reoccurrence and patterns of intentional conduct to evade prosecution, along with any affirmative steps to communicate or remedy any such missed court date, may be considered as factors in assessing future intent to evade prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23; 103-154, eff. 6-30-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-1.5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-1.5)
    Sec. 110-1.5. Abolition of monetary bail. On and after January 1, 2023, the requirement of posting monetary bail is abolished, except as provided in the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act, the Driver License Compact, or the Nonresident Violator Compact which are compacts that have been entered into between this State and its sister states.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-2

    (725 ILCS 5/110-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-2)
    Sec. 110-2. Pretrial release.
    (a) All persons charged with an offense shall be eligible for pretrial release before conviction. It is presumed that a defendant is entitled to release on personal recognizance on the condition that the defendant attend all required court proceedings and the defendant does not commit any criminal offense, and complies with all terms of pretrial release, including, but not limited to, orders of protection under both Section 112A-4 of this Code and Section 214 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, all civil no contact orders, and all stalking no contact orders. Pretrial release may be denied only if a person is charged with an offense listed in Section 110-6.1 and after the court has held a hearing under Section 110-6.1, and in a manner consistent with subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this Section.
    (b) At all pretrial hearings, the prosecution shall have the burden to prove by clear and convincing evidence that any condition of release is necessary.
    (c) When it is alleged that pretrial release should be denied to a person upon the grounds that the person presents a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, the burden of proof of such allegations shall be upon the State.
    (d) When it is alleged that pretrial release should be denied to a person charged with stalking or aggravated stalking upon the grounds set forth in Section 110-6.3, the burden of proof of those allegations shall be upon the State.
    (e) This Section shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purpose of relying on pretrial release by nonmonetary means to reasonably ensure an eligible person's appearance in court, the protection of the safety of any other person or the community, that the person will not attempt or obstruct the criminal justice process, and the person's compliance with all conditions of release, while authorizing the court, upon motion of a prosecutor, to order pretrial detention of the person under Section 110-6.1 when it finds clear and convincing evidence that no condition or combination of conditions can reasonably ensure the effectuation of these goals.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-3

    (725 ILCS 5/110-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-3)
    Sec. 110-3. Options for warrant alternatives.
    (a) Upon failure to comply with any condition of pretrial release, the court having jurisdiction at the time of such failure may, on its own motion or upon motion from the State, issue a summons or a warrant for the arrest of the person at liberty on pretrial release. This Section shall be construed to effectuate the goal of relying upon summonses rather than warrants to ensure the appearance of the defendant in court whenever possible. The contents of such a summons or warrant shall be the same as required for those issued upon complaint under Section 107-9.
    (b) A defendant who appears in court on the date assigned or within 48 hours of service, whichever is later, in response to a summons issued for failure to appear in court, shall not be recorded in the official docket as having failed to appear on the initial missed court date. If a person fails to appear in court on the date listed on the summons, the court may issue a warrant for the person's arrest.
    (c) For the purpose of any risk assessment or future evaluation of risk of willful flight or risk of failure to appear, a nonappearance in court cured by an appearance in response to a summons shall not be considered as evidence of future likelihood of appearance in court.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-4

    (725 ILCS 5/110-4)
    Sec. 110-4. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23. Repealed by P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-5)
    Sec. 110-5. Determining the amount of bail and conditions of release.
    (a) In determining which conditions of pretrial release, if any, will reasonably ensure the appearance of a defendant as required or the safety of any other person or the community and the likelihood of compliance by the defendant with all the conditions of pretrial release, the court shall, on the basis of available information, take into account such matters as:
        (1) the nature and circumstances of the offense
    
charged;
        (2) the weight of the evidence against the defendant,
    
except that the court may consider the admissibility of any evidence sought to be excluded;
        (3) the history and characteristics of the defendant,
    
including:
            (A) the defendant's character, physical and
        
mental condition, family ties, employment, financial resources, length of residence in the community, community ties, past relating to drug or alcohol abuse, conduct, history criminal history, and record concerning appearance at court proceedings; and
            (B) whether, at the time of the current offense
        
or arrest, the defendant was on probation, parole, or on other release pending trial, sentencing, appeal, or completion of sentence for an offense under federal law, or the law of this or any other state;
        (4) the nature and seriousness of the real and
    
present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, that would be posed by the defendant's release, if applicable, as required under paragraph (7.5) of Section 4 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act;
        (5) the nature and seriousness of the risk of
    
obstructing or attempting to obstruct the criminal justice process that would be posed by the defendant's release, if applicable;
        (6) when a person is charged with a violation of
    
a protective order, domestic battery, aggravated domestic battery, kidnapping, aggravated kidnaping, unlawful restraint, aggravated unlawful restraint, cyberstalking, harassment by telephone, harassment through electronic communications, or an attempt to commit first degree murder committed against a spouse or a current or former partner in a cohabitation or dating relationship, regardless of whether an order of protection has been issued against the person, the court may consider the following additional factors:
            (A) whether the alleged incident involved
        
harassment or abuse, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986;
            (B) whether the person has a history of
        
domestic violence, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, or a history of other criminal acts;
            (C) the mental health of the person;
            (D) whether the person has a history of
        
violating the orders of any court or governmental entity;
            (E) whether the person has been, or is,
        
potentially a threat to any other person;
            (F) whether the person has access to deadly
        
weapons or a history of using deadly weapons;
            (G) whether the person has a history of
        
abusing alcohol or any controlled substance;
            (H) the severity of the alleged incident that
        
is the basis of the alleged offense, including, but not limited to, the duration of the current incident, and whether the alleged incident involved the use of a weapon, physical injury, sexual assault, strangulation, abuse during the alleged victim's pregnancy, abuse of pets, or forcible entry to gain access to the alleged victim;
            (I) whether a separation of the person from
        
the victim of abuse or a termination of the relationship between the person and the victim of abuse has recently occurred or is pending;
            (J) whether the person has exhibited
        
obsessive or controlling behaviors toward the victim of abuse, including, but not limited to, stalking, surveillance, or isolation of the victim of abuse or the victim's family member or members;
            (K) whether the person has expressed suicidal
        
or homicidal ideations; and
            (L) any other factors deemed by the court to
        
have a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive, or assaultive behavior, or lack of that behavior.
        (7) in cases of stalking or aggravated stalking
    
under Section 12-7.3 or 12-7.4 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the court may consider the factors listed in paragraph (6) and the following additional factors:
            (A) any evidence of the defendant's prior
        
criminal history indicative of violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of that behavior; the evidence may include testimony or documents received in juvenile proceedings, criminal, quasi-criminal, civil commitment, domestic relations, or other proceedings;
            (B) any evidence of the defendant's
        
psychological, psychiatric, or other similar social history that tends to indicate a violent, abusive, or assaultive nature, or lack of any such history;
            (C) the nature of the threat that is the
        
basis of the charge against the defendant;
            (D) any statements made by, or attributed to,
        
the defendant, together with the circumstances surrounding them;
            (E) the age and physical condition of any
        
person allegedly assaulted by the defendant;
            (F) whether the defendant is known to possess
        
or have access to any weapon or weapons; and
            (G) any other factors deemed by the court to have
        
a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive, or assaultive behavior, or lack of that behavior.
    (b) The court may use a regularly validated risk assessment tool to aid its determination of appropriate conditions of release as provided under Section 110-6.4. If a risk assessment tool is used, the defendant's counsel shall be provided with the information and scoring system of the risk assessment tool used to arrive at the determination. The defendant retains the right to challenge the validity of a risk assessment tool used by the court and to present evidence relevant to the defendant's challenge.
    (c) The court shall impose any conditions that are mandatory under subsection (a) of Section 110-10. The court may impose any conditions that are permissible under subsection (b) of Section 110-10. The conditions of release imposed shall be the least restrictive conditions or combination of conditions necessary to reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant as required or the safety of any other person or persons or the community.
    (d) When a person is charged with a violation of a protective order, the court may order the defendant placed under electronic surveillance as a condition of pretrial release, as provided in Section 5-8A-7 of the Unified Code of Corrections, based on the information collected under paragraph (6) of subsection (a) of this Section, the results of any assessment conducted, or other circumstances of the violation.
    (e) If a person remains in pretrial detention 48 hours after having been ordered released with pretrial conditions, the court shall hold a hearing to determine the reason for continued detention. If the reason for continued detention is due to the unavailability or the defendant's ineligibility for one or more pretrial conditions previously ordered by the court or directed by a pretrial services agency, the court shall reopen the conditions of release hearing to determine what available pretrial conditions exist that will reasonably ensure the appearance of a defendant as required, the safety of any other person, and the likelihood of compliance by the defendant with all the conditions of pretrial release. The inability of the defendant to pay for a condition of release or any other ineligibility for a condition of pretrial release shall not be used as a justification for the pretrial detention of that defendant.
    (f) Prior to the defendant's first appearance, and with sufficient time for meaningful attorney-client contact to gather information in order to advocate effectively for the defendant's pretrial release, the court shall appoint the public defender or a licensed attorney at law of this State to represent the defendant for purposes of that hearing, unless the defendant has obtained licensed counsel. Defense counsel shall have access to the same documentary information relied upon by the prosecution and presented to the court.
    (f-5) At each subsequent appearance of the defendant before the court, the judge must find that the current conditions imposed are necessary to reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant as required, the safety of any other person, and the compliance of the defendant with all the conditions of pretrial release. The court is not required to be presented with new information or a change in circumstance to remove pretrial conditions.
    (g) Electronic monitoring, GPS monitoring, or home confinement can only be imposed as a condition of pretrial release if a no less restrictive condition of release or combination of less restrictive condition of release would reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant for later hearings or protect an identifiable person or persons from imminent threat of serious physical harm.
    (h) If the court imposes electronic monitoring, GPS monitoring, or home confinement, the court shall set forth in the record the basis for its finding. A defendant shall be given custodial credit for each day he or she was subjected to home confinement, at the same rate described in subsection (b) of Section 5-4.5-100 of the Unified Code of Corrections. The court may give custodial credit to a defendant for each day the defendant was subjected to GPS monitoring without home confinement or electronic monitoring without home confinement.
    (i) If electronic monitoring, GPS monitoring, or home confinement is imposed, the court shall determine every 60 days if no less restrictive condition of release or combination of less restrictive conditions of release would reasonably ensure the appearance, or continued appearance, of the defendant for later hearings or protect an identifiable person or persons from imminent threat of serious physical harm. If the court finds that there are less restrictive conditions of release, the court shall order that the condition be removed. This subsection takes effect January 1, 2022.
    (j) Crime Victims shall be given notice by the State's Attorney's office of this hearing as required in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of Section 4.5 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act and shall be informed of their opportunity at this hearing to obtain a protective order.
    (k) The State and defendants may appeal court orders imposing conditions of pretrial release.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-28, eff. 6-25-21; 102-558, eff. 8-20-21; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-5.1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-5.1)
    Sec. 110-5.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-5.2

    (725 ILCS 5/110-5.2)
    Sec. 110-5.2. Pretrial release; pregnant pre-trial detainee.
    (a) It is the policy of this State that a pre-trial detainee shall not be required to deliver a child while in custody absent a finding by the court that continued pre-trial custody is necessary to alleviate a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, or prevent the defendant's willful flight.
    (b) If the court reasonably believes that a pre-trial detainee will give birth while in custody, the court shall order an alternative to custody unless, after a hearing, the court determines:
        (1) the pregnant pretrial detainee is charged with an
    
offense for which pretrial release may be denied under Section 110-6.1; and
        (2) after a hearing under Section 110-6.1 that
    
considers the circumstances of the pregnancy, the court determines that continued detention is the only way to prevent a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, or prevent the defendant's willful flight.
    (c) Electronic Monitoring may be ordered by the court only if no less restrictive condition of release or combination of less restrictive conditions of release would reasonably ensure the appearance, or continued appearance, of the defendant for later hearings or protect an identifiable person or persons from imminent threat of serious physical harm. All pregnant people or those who have given birth within 6 weeks shall be granted ample movement to attend doctor's appointments and for emergencies related to the health of the pregnancy, infant, or postpartum person.
    (d) This Section shall be applicable to a pregnant pre-trial detainee in custody on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6)
    Sec. 110-6. Revocation of pretrial release, modification of conditions of pretrial release, and sanctions for violations of conditions of pretrial release.
    (a) When a defendant has previously been granted pretrial release under this Section for a felony or Class A misdemeanor, that pretrial release may be revoked only if the defendant is charged with a felony or Class A misdemeanor that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release after a hearing on the court's own motion or upon the filing of a verified petition by the State.
    When a defendant released pretrial is charged with a violation of a protective order or was previously convicted of a violation of a protective order and the subject of the protective order is the same person as the victim in the current underlying matter, the State shall file a verified petition seeking revocation of pretrial release.
    Upon the filing of a petition or upon motion of the court seeking revocation, the court shall order the transfer of the defendant and the petition or motion to the court before which the previous felony or Class A misdemeanor is pending. The defendant may be held in custody pending transfer to and a hearing before such court. The defendant shall be transferred to the court before which the previous matter is pending without unnecessary delay, and the revocation hearing shall occur within 72 hours of the filing of the State's petition or the court's motion for revocation.
    A hearing at which pretrial release may be revoked must be conducted in person (and not by way of two-way audio-visual communication) unless the accused waives the right to be present physically in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
    The court before which the previous felony matter or Class A misdemeanor is pending may revoke the defendant's pretrial release after a hearing. During the hearing for revocation, the defendant shall be represented by counsel and have an opportunity to be heard regarding the violation and evidence in mitigation. The court shall consider all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the nature and seriousness of the violation or criminal act alleged. The State shall bear the burden of proving, by clear and convincing evidence, that no condition or combination of conditions of release would reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant for later hearings or prevent the defendant from being charged with a subsequent felony or Class A misdemeanor.
    In lieu of revocation, the court may release the defendant pre-trial, with or without modification of conditions of pretrial release.
    If the case that caused the revocation is dismissed, the defendant is found not guilty in the case causing the revocation, or the defendant completes a lawfully imposed sentence on the case causing the revocation, the court shall, without unnecessary delay, hold a hearing on conditions of pretrial release pursuant to Section 110-5 and release the defendant with or without modification of conditions of pretrial release.
    Both the State and the defendant may appeal an order revoking pretrial release or denying a petition for revocation of release.
    (b) If a defendant previously has been granted pretrial release under this Section for a Class B or Class C misdemeanor offense, a petty or business offense, or an ordinance violation and if the defendant is subsequently charged with a felony that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release or a Class A misdemeanor offense that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release, such pretrial release may not be revoked, but the court may impose sanctions under subsection (c).
    (c) The court shall follow the procedures set forth in Section 110-3 to ensure the defendant's appearance in court if the defendant:
        (1) fails to appear in court as required by the
    
defendant's conditions of release;
        (2) is charged with a felony or Class A misdemeanor
    
offense that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release after having been previously granted pretrial release for a Class B or Class C misdemeanor, a petty or business offense, or an ordinance violation that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release;
        (3) is charged with a Class B or C misdemeanor
    
offense, petty or business offense, or ordinance violation that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release; or
        (4) violates any other condition of pretrial release
    
set by the court.
    In response to a violation described in this subsection, the court may issue a warrant specifying that the defendant must appear before the court for a hearing for sanctions and may not be released by law enforcement before that appearance.
    (d) When a defendant appears in court pursuant to a summons or warrant issued in accordance with Section 110-3 or after being arrested for an offense that is alleged to have occurred during the defendant's pretrial release, the State may file a verified petition requesting a hearing for sanctions.
    (e) During the hearing for sanctions, the defendant shall be represented by counsel and have an opportunity to be heard regarding the violation and evidence in mitigation. The State shall bear the burden of proving by clear and convincing evidence that:
        (1) the defendant committed an act that violated a
    
term of the defendant's pretrial release;
        (2) the defendant had actual knowledge that the
    
defendant's action would violate a court order;
        (3) the violation of the court order was willful; and
        (4) the violation was not caused by a lack of access
    
to financial monetary resources.
    (f) Sanctions for violations of pretrial release may include:
        (1) a verbal or written admonishment from the court;
        (2) imprisonment in the county jail for a period not
    
exceeding 30 days;
        (3) (Blank); or
        (4) a modification of the defendant's pretrial
    
conditions.
    (g) The court may, at any time, after motion by either party or on its own motion, remove previously set conditions of pretrial release, subject to the provisions in this subsection. The court may only add or increase conditions of pretrial release at a hearing under this Section.
    The court shall not remove a previously set condition of pretrial release regulating contact with a victim or witness in the case, unless the subject of the condition has been given notice of the hearing as required in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of Section 4.5 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act. If the subject of the condition of release is not present, the court shall follow the procedures of paragraph (10) of subsection (c-1) of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act.
    (h) Crime victims shall be given notice by the State's Attorney's office of all hearings under this Section as required in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of Section 4.5 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act and shall be informed of their opportunity at these hearings to obtain a protective order.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit the State's ability to file a verified petition seeking denial of pretrial release under subsection (a) of Section 110-6.1 or subdivision (d)(2) of Section 110-6.1.
    (j) At each subsequent appearance of the defendant before the court, the judge must find that continued detention under this Section is necessary to reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant for later hearings or to prevent the defendant from being charged with a subsequent felony or Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.1)
    Sec. 110-6.1. Denial of pretrial release.
    (a) Upon verified petition by the State, the court shall hold a hearing and may deny a defendant pretrial release only if:
        (1) the defendant is charged with a felony offense
    
other than a forcible felony for which, based on the charge or the defendant's criminal history, a sentence of imprisonment, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, is required by law upon conviction, and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case;
        (1.5) the defendant's pretrial release poses a real
    
and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, and the defendant is charged with a forcible felony, which as used in this Section, means treason, first degree murder, second degree murder, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, armed robbery, aggravated robbery, robbery, burglary where there is use of force against another person, residential burglary, home invasion, vehicular invasion, aggravated arson, arson, aggravated kidnaping, kidnaping, aggravated battery resulting in great bodily harm or permanent disability or disfigurement or any other felony which involves the threat of or infliction of great bodily harm or permanent disability or disfigurement;
        (2) the defendant is charged with stalking or
    
aggravated stalking, and it is alleged that the defendant's pre-trial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of a victim of the alleged offense, and denial of release is necessary to prevent fulfillment of the threat upon which the charge is based;
        (3) the defendant is charged with a violation of an
    
order of protection issued under Section 112A-14 of this Code or Section 214 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, a stalking no contact order under Section 80 of the Stalking No Contact Order Act, or of a civil no contact order under Section 213 of the Civil No Contact Order Act, and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case;
        (4) the defendant is charged with domestic battery or
    
aggravated domestic battery under Section 12-3.2 or 12-3.3 of the Criminal Code of 2012 and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case;
        (5) the defendant is charged with any offense under
    
Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 2012, except for Sections 11-14, 11-14.1, 11-18, 11-20, 11-30, 11-35, 11-40, and 11-45 of the Criminal Code of 2012, or similar provisions of the Criminal Code of 1961 and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case;
        (6) the defendant is charged with any of the
    
following offenses under the Criminal Code of 2012, and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case:
            (A) Section 24-1.2 (aggravated discharge of a
        
firearm);
            (B) Section 24-2.5 (aggravated discharge of a
        
machine gun or a firearm equipped with a device designed or use for silencing the report of a firearm);
            (C) Section 24-1.5 (reckless discharge of a
        
firearm);
            (D) Section 24-1.7 (armed habitual criminal);
            (E) Section 24-2.2 (manufacture, sale or
        
transfer of bullets or shells represented to be armor piercing bullets, dragon's breath shotgun shells, bolo shells, or flechette shells);
            (F) Section 24-3 (unlawful sale or delivery of
        
firearms);
            (G) Section 24-3.3 (unlawful sale or delivery of
        
firearms on the premises of any school);
            (H) Section 24-34 (unlawful sale of firearms by
        
liquor license);
            (I) Section 24-3.5 (unlawful purchase of a
        
firearm);
            (J) Section 24-3A (gunrunning);
            (K) Section 24-3B (firearms trafficking);
            (L) Section 10-9 (b) (involuntary servitude);
            (M) Section 10-9 (c) (involuntary sexual
        
servitude of a minor);
            (N) Section 10-9(d) (trafficking in persons);
            (O) Non-probationable violations: (i) unlawful
        
use or possession of weapons by felons or persons in the Custody of the Department of Corrections facilities (Section 24-1.1), (ii) aggravated unlawful use of a weapon (Section 24-1.6), or (iii) aggravated possession of a stolen firearm (Section 24-3.9);
            (P) Section 9-3 (reckless homicide and
        
involuntary manslaughter);
            (Q) Section 19-3 (residential burglary);
            (R) Section 10-5 (child abduction);
            (S) Felony violations of Section 12C-5 (child
        
endangerment);
            (T) Section 12-7.1 (hate crime);
            (U) Section 10-3.1 (aggravated unlawful
        
restraint);
            (V) Section 12-9 (threatening a public official);
            (W) Subdivision (f)(1) of Section 12-3.05
        
(aggravated battery with a deadly weapon other than by discharge of a firearm);
        (6.5) the defendant is charged with any of the
    
following offenses, and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case:
            (A) Felony violations of Sections 3.01, 3.02, or
        
3.03 of the Humane Care for Animals Act (cruel treatment, aggravated cruelty, and animal torture);
            (B) Subdivision (d)(1)(B) of Section 11-501 of
        
the Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated driving under the influence while operating a school bus with passengers);
            (C) Subdivision (d)(1)(C) of Section 11-501 of
        
the Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated driving under the influence causing great bodily harm);
            (D) Subdivision (d)(1)(D) of Section 11-501 of
        
the Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated driving under the influence after a previous reckless homicide conviction);
            (E) Subdivision (d)(1)(F) of Section 11-501 of
        
the Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated driving under the influence leading to death); or
            (F) Subdivision (d)(1)(J) of Section 11-501 of
        
the Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated driving under the influence that resulted in bodily harm to a child under the age of 16);
        (7) the defendant is charged with an attempt to
    
commit any charge listed in paragraphs (1) through (6.5), and it is alleged that the defendant's pretrial release poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case; or
        (8) the person has a high likelihood of willful
    
flight to avoid prosecution and is charged with:
            (A) Any felony described in subdivisions (a)(1)
        
through (a)(7) of this Section; or
            (B) A felony offense other than a Class 4
        
offense.
    (b) If the charged offense is a felony, as part of the detention hearing, the court shall determine whether there is probable cause the defendant has committed an offense, unless a hearing pursuant to Section 109-3 of this Code has already been held or a grand jury has returned a true bill of indictment against the defendant. If there is a finding of no probable cause, the defendant shall be released. No such finding is necessary if the defendant is charged with a misdemeanor.
    (c) Timing of petition.
        (1) A petition may be filed without prior notice to
    
the defendant at the first appearance before a judge, or within the 21 calendar days, except as provided in Section 110-6, after arrest and release of the defendant upon reasonable notice to defendant; provided that while such petition is pending before the court, the defendant if previously released shall not be detained.
        (2) Upon filing, the court shall immediately hold a
    
hearing on the petition unless a continuance is requested. If a continuance is requested and granted, the hearing shall be held within 48 hours of the defendant's first appearance if the defendant is charged with first degree murder or a Class X, Class 1, Class 2, or Class 3 felony, and within 24 hours if the defendant is charged with a Class 4 or misdemeanor offense. The Court may deny or grant the request for continuance. If the court decides to grant the continuance, the Court retains the discretion to detain or release the defendant in the time between the filing of the petition and the hearing.
    (d) Contents of petition.
        (1) The petition shall be verified by the State and
    
shall state the grounds upon which it contends the defendant should be denied pretrial release, including the real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts or flight risk, as appropriate.
        (2) If the State seeks to file a second or subsequent
    
petition under this Section, the State shall be required to present a verified application setting forth in detail any new facts not known or obtainable at the time of the filing of the previous petition.
    (e) Eligibility: All defendants shall be presumed eligible for pretrial release, and the State shall bear the burden of proving by clear and convincing evidence that:
        (1) the proof is evident or the presumption great
    
that the defendant has committed an offense listed in subsection (a), and
        (2) for offenses listed in paragraphs (1) through (7)
    
of subsection (a), the defendant poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, by conduct which may include, but is not limited to, a forcible felony, the obstruction of justice, intimidation, injury, or abuse as defined by paragraph (1) of Section 103 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, and
        (3) no condition or combination of conditions set
    
forth in subsection (b) of Section 110-10 of this Article can mitigate (i) the real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, for offenses listed in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a), or (ii) the defendant's willful flight for offenses listed in paragraph (8) of subsection (a), and
        (4) for offenses under subsection (b) of Section 407
    
of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act that are subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (a), no condition or combination of conditions set forth in subsection (b) of Section 110-10 of this Article can mitigate the real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, and the defendant poses a serious risk to not appear in court as required.
    (f) Conduct of the hearings.
        (1) Prior to the hearing, the State shall tender to
    
the defendant copies of the defendant's criminal history available, any written or recorded statements, and the substance of any oral statements made by any person, if relied upon by the State in its petition, and any police reports in the prosecutor's possession at the time of the hearing.
        (2) The State or defendant may present evidence at
    
the hearing by way of proffer based upon reliable information.
        (3) The defendant has the right to be represented by
    
counsel, and if he or she is indigent, to have counsel appointed for him or her. The defendant shall have the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses on his or her own behalf, and to cross-examine any witnesses that are called by the State. Defense counsel shall be given adequate opportunity to confer with the defendant before any hearing at which conditions of release or the detention of the defendant are to be considered, with an accommodation for a physical condition made to facilitate attorney/client consultation. If defense counsel needs to confer or consult with the defendant during any hearing conducted via a two-way audio-visual communication system, such consultation shall not be recorded and shall be undertaken consistent with constitutional protections.
        (3.5) A hearing at which pretrial release may be
    
denied must be conducted in person (and not by way of two-way audio visual communication) unless the accused waives the right to be present physically in court, the court determines that the physical health and safety of any person necessary to the proceedings would be endangered by appearing in court, or the chief judge of the circuit orders use of that system due to operational challenges in conducting the hearing in person. Such operational challenges must be documented and approved by the chief judge of the circuit, and a plan to address the challenges through reasonable efforts must be presented and approved by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts every 6 months.
        (4) If the defense seeks to compel the complaining
    
witness to testify as a witness in its favor, it shall petition the court for permission. When the ends of justice so require, the court may exercise its discretion and compel the appearance of a complaining witness. The court shall state on the record reasons for granting a defense request to compel the presence of a complaining witness only on the issue of the defendant's pretrial detention. In making a determination under this Section, the court shall state on the record the reason for granting a defense request to compel the presence of a complaining witness, and only grant the request if the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the defendant will be materially prejudiced if the complaining witness does not appear. Cross-examination of a complaining witness at the pretrial detention hearing for the purpose of impeaching the witness' credibility is insufficient reason to compel the presence of the witness. In deciding whether to compel the appearance of a complaining witness, the court shall be considerate of the emotional and physical well-being of the witness. The pre-trial detention hearing is not to be used for purposes of discovery, and the post arraignment rules of discovery do not apply. The State shall tender to the defendant, prior to the hearing, copies, if any, of the defendant's criminal history, if available, and any written or recorded statements and the substance of any oral statements made by any person, if in the State's Attorney's possession at the time of the hearing.
        (5) The rules concerning the admissibility of
    
evidence in criminal trials do not apply to the presentation and consideration of information at the hearing. At the trial concerning the offense for which the hearing was conducted neither the finding of the court nor any transcript or other record of the hearing shall be admissible in the State's case-in-chief, but shall be admissible for impeachment, or as provided in Section 115-10.1 of this Code, or in a perjury proceeding.
        (6) The defendant may not move to suppress evidence
    
or a confession, however, evidence that proof of the charged crime may have been the result of an unlawful search or seizure, or both, or through improper interrogation, is relevant in assessing the weight of the evidence against the defendant.
        (7) Decisions regarding release, conditions of
    
release, and detention prior to trial must be individualized, and no single factor or standard may be used exclusively to order detention. Risk assessment tools may not be used as the sole basis to deny pretrial release.
    (g) Factors to be considered in making a determination of dangerousness. The court may, in determining whether the defendant poses a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, consider, but shall not be limited to, evidence or testimony concerning:
        (1) The nature and circumstances of any offense
    
charged, including whether the offense is a crime of violence, involving a weapon, or a sex offense.
        (2) The history and characteristics of the defendant
    
including:
            (A) Any evidence of the defendant's prior
        
criminal history indicative of violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior. Such evidence may include testimony or documents received in juvenile proceedings, criminal, quasi-criminal, civil commitment, domestic relations, or other proceedings.
            (B) Any evidence of the defendant's
        
psychological, psychiatric or other similar social history which tends to indicate a violent, abusive, or assaultive nature, or lack of any such history.
        (3) The identity of any person or persons to whose
    
safety the defendant is believed to pose a threat, and the nature of the threat.
        (4) Any statements made by, or attributed to the
    
defendant, together with the circumstances surrounding them.
        (5) The age and physical condition of the defendant.
        (6) The age and physical condition of any victim or
    
complaining witness.
        (7) Whether the defendant is known to possess or have
    
access to any weapon or weapons.
        (8) Whether, at the time of the current offense or
    
any other offense or arrest, the defendant was on probation, parole, aftercare release, mandatory supervised release or other release from custody pending trial, sentencing, appeal or completion of sentence for an offense under federal or state law.
        (9) Any other factors, including those listed in
    
Section 110-5 of this Article deemed by the court to have a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive, or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior.
    (h) Detention order. The court shall, in any order for detention:
        (1) make a written finding summarizing the court's
    
reasons for concluding that the defendant should be denied pretrial release, including why less restrictive conditions would not avoid a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, or prevent the defendant's willful flight from prosecution;
        (2) direct that the defendant be committed to the
    
custody of the sheriff for confinement in the county jail pending trial;
        (3) direct that the defendant be given a reasonable
    
opportunity for private consultation with counsel, and for communication with others of his or her choice by visitation, mail and telephone; and
        (4) direct that the sheriff deliver the defendant as
    
required for appearances in connection with court proceedings.
    (i) Detention. If the court enters an order for the detention of the defendant pursuant to subsection (e) of this Section, the defendant shall be brought to trial on the offense for which he is detained within 90 days after the date on which the order for detention was entered. If the defendant is not brought to trial within the 90-day period required by the preceding sentence, he shall not be denied pretrial release. In computing the 90-day period, the court shall omit any period of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the defendant and any period of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the State with good cause shown pursuant to Section 103-5.
    (i-5) At each subsequent appearance of the defendant before the court, the judge must find that continued detention is necessary to avoid a real and present threat to the safety of any person or persons or the community, based on the specific articulable facts of the case, or to prevent the defendant's willful flight from prosecution.
    (j) Rights of the defendant. The defendant shall be entitled to appeal any order entered under this Section denying his or her pretrial release.
    (k) Appeal. The State may appeal any order entered under this Section denying any motion for denial of pretrial release.
    (l) Presumption of innocence. Nothing in this Section shall be construed as modifying or limiting in any way the defendant's presumption of innocence in further criminal proceedings.
    (m) Interest of victims.
    (1) Crime victims shall be given notice by the State's Attorney's office of this hearing as required in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of Section 4.5 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act and shall be informed of their opportunity at this hearing to obtain a protective order.
    (2) If the defendant is denied pretrial release, the court may impose a no contact provision with the victim or other interested party that shall be enforced while the defendant remains in custody.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.2

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.2) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.2)
    Sec. 110-6.2. Post-conviction detention.
    (a) The court may order that a person who has been found guilty of an offense and who is waiting imposition or execution of sentence be held without release unless the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger to any other person or the community if released under Sections 110-5 and 110-10 of this Act.
    (b) The court may order that person who has been found guilty of an offense and sentenced to a term of imprisonment be held without release unless the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that:
        (1) the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger
    
to the safety of any other person or the community if released pending appeal; and
        (2) that the appeal is not for purpose of delay and
    
raises a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in reversal or an order for a new trial.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.3

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.3) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.3)
    Sec. 110-6.3. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.4

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.4)
    Sec. 110-6.4. Statewide risk-assessment tool. The Supreme Court may establish a statewide risk-assessment tool to be used in proceedings to assist the court in establishing conditions of pretrial release for a defendant by assessing the defendant's likelihood of appearing at future court proceedings or determining if the defendant poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons. The Supreme Court shall consider establishing a risk-assessment tool that does not discriminate on the basis of race, gender, educational level, socio-economic status, or neighborhood. If a risk-assessment tool is utilized within a circuit that does not require a personal interview to be completed, the Chief Judge of the circuit or the director of the pretrial services agency may exempt the requirement under Section 9 and subsection (a) of Section 7 of the Pretrial Services Act.
    For the purpose of this Section, "risk-assessment tool" means an empirically validated, evidence-based screening instrument that demonstrates reduced instances of a defendant's failure to appear for further court proceedings or prevents future criminal activity.
(Source: P.A. 100-1, eff. 1-1-18; 100-863, eff. 8-14-18; 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.5)
    Sec. 110-6.5. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.6

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.6)
    Sec. 110-6.6. Appeals.
    (a) Appeals under this Article shall be governed by Supreme Court Rules.
    (b) If a hearing under this Article is conducted by means of two-way audio-visual communication or other electronic recording system, the audio-visual recording shall be entered into the record as the transcript for purposes of the appeals described in subsection (a). Nothing in this Section prohibits a transcription by a court reporter from also being entered into the record.
(Source: P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-7

    (725 ILCS 5/110-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-7)
    Sec. 110-7. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-7.5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-7.5)
    Sec. 110-7.5. Previously deposited bail security.
    (a) On or after January 1, 2023, any person having been previously released pretrial on the condition of the deposit of security shall be allowed to remain on pretrial release under the terms of their original bail bond. This Section shall not limit the State's Attorney's ability to file a verified petition for detention under Section 110-6.1 or a petition for revocation or sanctions under Section 110-6.
    (b) On or after January 1, 2023, any person who remains in pretrial detention after having been ordered released with pretrial conditions, including the condition of depositing security, shall be entitled to a hearing under subsection (e) of Section 110-5.
    On or after January 1, 2023, any person, not subject to subsection (b), who remains in pretrial detention and is eligible for detention under Section 110-6.1 shall be entitled to a hearing according to the following schedule:
        (1) For persons charged with offenses under
    
paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) of Section 110-6.1, the hearing shall be held within 90 days of the person's motion for reconsideration of pretrial release conditions.
        (2) For persons charged with offenses under paragraph
    
(8) of subsection (a) of Section 110-6.1, the hearing shall be held within 60 days of the person's motion for reconsideration of pretrial release conditions.
        (3) For persons charged with all other offenses not
    
listed in subsection (a) of Section 110-6.1, the hearing shall be held within 7 days of the person's motion for reconsideration of pretrial release conditions.
    (c) Processing of previously deposited bail security. The provisions of this Section shall apply to all monetary bonds, regardless of whether they were previously posted in cash or in the form of stocks, bonds, or real estate.
        (1) Once security has been deposited and a charge is
    
pending or is thereafter filed in or transferred to a court of competent jurisdiction, the latter court may continue the original security in that court or modify the conditions of pretrial release subject to the provisions of Section 110-6.
        (2) After conviction, the court may order that a
    
previously deposited security stand pending appeal, reconsider conditions of release, or deny release subject to the provisions of Section 110-6.2.
        (3) After the entry of an order by the trial court
    
granting or denying pretrial release pending appeal, either party may apply to the reviewing court having jurisdiction or to a justice thereof sitting in vacation for an order modifying the conditions of pretrial release or denying pretrial release subject to the provisions of Section 110-6.2.
        (4) When the conditions of the previously posted bail
    
bond have been performed and the accused has been discharged from all obligations in the cause, the clerk of the court shall return to the accused or to the defendant's designee by an assignment executed at the time the bail amount is deposited, unless the court orders otherwise, 90% of the sum which had been deposited and shall retain as bail bond costs 10% of the amount deposited. However, in no event shall the amount retained by the clerk as bail bond costs be less than $5.
        Notwithstanding the foregoing, in counties with a
    
population of 3,000,000 or more, in no event shall the amount retained by the clerk as bail bond costs exceed $100. Bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case may be used, in the court's discretion, to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant incurred in a different case due to a fine, court costs, restitution or fees of the defendant's attorney of record. In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, the court shall not order bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case to be used to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant in a different case until the bail bond is first used to satisfy court costs and attorney's fees in the case in which the bail bond has been deposited and any other unpaid child support obligations are satisfied.
        In counties with a population of less than 3,000,000,
    
the court shall not order bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case to be used to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant in a different case until the bail bond is first used to satisfy court costs in the case in which the bail bond has been deposited.
        At the request of the defendant, the court may order
    
such 90% of the defendant's bail deposit, or whatever amount is repayable to the defendant from such deposit, to be paid to defendant's attorney of record.
        (5) If there is an alleged violation of the
    
conditions of pretrial release in a matter in which the defendant has previously deposited security, the court having jurisdiction shall follow the procedures for revocation of pretrial release or sanctions set forth in Section 110-6. The previously deposited security shall be returned to the defendant following the procedures of paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of this Section once the defendant has been discharged from all obligations in the cause.
        (6) If security was previously deposited for failure
    
to appear in a matter involving enforcement of child support or maintenance, the amount of the cash deposit on the bond, less outstanding costs, may be awarded to the person or entity to whom the child support or maintenance is due.
        (7) After a judgment for a fine and court costs or
    
either is entered in the prosecution of a cause in which a deposit of security was previously made, the balance of such deposit shall be applied to the payment of the judgment.
(Source: P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-8

    (725 ILCS 5/110-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-8)
    Sec. 110-8. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-9

    (725 ILCS 5/110-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-9)
    Sec. 110-9. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-10

    (725 ILCS 5/110-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-10)
    Sec. 110-10. Conditions of pretrial release.
    (a) If a person is released prior to conviction, the conditions of pretrial release shall be that he or she will:
        (1) Appear to answer the charge in the court having
    
jurisdiction on a day certain and thereafter as ordered by the court until discharged or final order of the court;
        (2) Submit himself or herself to the orders and
    
process of the court;
        (3) (Blank);
        (4) Not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (5) At a time and place designated by the court,
    
surrender all firearms in his or her possession to a law enforcement officer designated by the court to take custody of and impound the firearms and physically surrender his or her Firearm Owner's Identification Card to the clerk of the circuit court when the offense the person has been charged with is a forcible felony, stalking, aggravated stalking, domestic battery, any violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or the Cannabis Control Act that is classified as a Class 2 or greater felony, or any felony violation of Article 24 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; the court may, however, forgo the imposition of this condition when the circumstances of the case clearly do not warrant it or when its imposition would be impractical; if the Firearm Owner's Identification Card is confiscated, the clerk of the circuit court shall mail the confiscated card to the Illinois State Police; all legally possessed firearms shall be returned to the person upon the charges being dismissed, or if the person is found not guilty, unless the finding of not guilty is by reason of insanity; and
        (6) At a time and place designated by the court,
    
submit to a psychological evaluation when the person has been charged with a violation of item (4) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and that violation occurred in a school or in any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on any public way within 1,000 feet of real property comprising any school.
    Psychological evaluations ordered pursuant to this Section shall be completed promptly and made available to the State, the defendant, and the court. As a further condition of pretrial release under these circumstances, the court shall order the defendant to refrain from entering upon the property of the school, including any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on any public way within 1,000 feet of real property comprising any school. Upon receipt of the psychological evaluation, either the State or the defendant may request a change in the conditions of pretrial release, pursuant to Section 110-6 of this Code. The court may change the conditions of pretrial release to include a requirement that the defendant follow the recommendations of the psychological evaluation, including undergoing psychiatric treatment. The conclusions of the psychological evaluation and any statements elicited from the defendant during its administration are not admissible as evidence of guilt during the course of any trial on the charged offense, unless the defendant places his or her mental competency in issue.
    (b) Additional conditions of release shall be set only when it is determined that they are necessary to ensure the defendant's appearance in court, ensure the defendant does not commit any criminal offense, ensure the defendant complies with all conditions of pretrial release, prevent the defendant's unlawful interference with the orderly administration of justice, or ensure compliance with the rules and procedures of problem solving courts. However, conditions shall include the least restrictive means and be individualized. Conditions shall not mandate rehabilitative services unless directly tied to the risk of pretrial misconduct. Conditions of supervision shall not include punitive measures such as community service work or restitution. Conditions may include the following:
        (0.05) Not depart this State without leave of the
    
court;
        (1) Report to or appear in person before such person
    
or agency as the court may direct;
        (2) Refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon;
        (3) Refrain from approaching or communicating with
    
particular persons or classes of persons;
        (4) Refrain from going to certain described
    
geographic areas or premises;
        (5) Be placed under direct supervision of the
    
Pretrial Services Agency, Probation Department or Court Services Department in a pretrial home supervision capacity with or without the use of an approved electronic monitoring device subject to Article 8A of Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections;
        (6) For persons charged with violating Section 11-501
    
of the Illinois Vehicle Code, refrain from operating a motor vehicle not equipped with an ignition interlock device, as defined in Section 1-129.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, pursuant to the rules promulgated by the Secretary of State for the installation of ignition interlock devices. Under this condition the court may allow a defendant who is not self-employed to operate a vehicle owned by the defendant's employer that is not equipped with an ignition interlock device in the course and scope of the defendant's employment;
        (7) Comply with the terms and conditions of an order
    
of protection issued by the court under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 or an order of protection issued by the court of another state, tribe, or United States territory;
        (8) Sign a written admonishment requiring that he or
    
she comply with the provisions of Section 110-12 regarding any change in his or her address. The defendant's address shall at all times remain a matter of record with the clerk of the court; and
        (9) Such other reasonable conditions as the court may
    
impose, so long as these conditions are the least restrictive means to achieve the goals listed in subsection (b), are individualized, and are in accordance with national best practices as detailed in the Pretrial Supervision Standards of the Supreme Court.
    The defendant shall receive verbal and written notification of conditions of pretrial release and future court dates, including the date, time, and location of court.
    (c) When a person is charged with an offense under Section 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15 or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, involving a victim who is a minor under 18 years of age living in the same household with the defendant at the time of the offense, in releasing the defendant, the judge shall impose conditions to restrict the defendant's access to the victim which may include, but are not limited to conditions that he will:
        1. Vacate the household.
        2. Make payment of temporary support to his
    
dependents.
        3. Refrain from contact or communication with the
    
child victim, except as ordered by the court.
    (d) When a person is charged with a criminal offense and the victim is a family or household member as defined in Article 112A, conditions shall be imposed at the time of the defendant's release that restrict the defendant's access to the victim. Unless provided otherwise by the court, the restrictions shall include requirements that the defendant do the following:
        (1) refrain from contact or communication with the
    
victim for a minimum period of 72 hours following the defendant's release; and
        (2) refrain from entering or remaining at the
    
victim's residence for a minimum period of 72 hours following the defendant's release.
    (e) Local law enforcement agencies shall develop standardized pretrial release forms for use in cases involving family or household members as defined in Article 112A, including specific conditions of pretrial release as provided in subsection (d). Failure of any law enforcement department to develop or use those forms shall in no way limit the applicability and enforcement of subsections (d) and (f).
    (f) If the defendant is released after conviction following appeal or other post-conviction proceeding, the conditions of the pretrial release shall be that he will, in addition to the conditions set forth in subsections (a) and (b) hereof:
        (1) Duly prosecute his appeal;
        (2) Appear at such time and place as the court may
    
direct;
        (3) Not depart this State without leave of the court;
        (4) Comply with such other reasonable conditions as
    
the court may impose; and
        (5) If the judgment is affirmed or the cause reversed
    
and remanded for a new trial, forthwith surrender to the officer from whose custody he was released.
    (g) Upon a finding of guilty for any felony offense, the defendant shall physically surrender, at a time and place designated by the court, any and all firearms in his or her possession and his or her Firearm Owner's Identification Card as a condition of being released pending sentencing.
(Source: P.A. 101-138, eff. 1-1-20; 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-11

    (725 ILCS 5/110-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-11)
    Sec. 110-11. Pretrial release on a new trial. If the judgment of conviction is reversed and the cause remanded for a new trial the trial court may order that the conditions of pretrial release stand pending such trial, or modify the conditions of pretrial release.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-12

    (725 ILCS 5/110-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-12)
    Sec. 110-12. Notice of change of address. A defendant who has been admitted to pretrial release shall file a written notice with the clerk of the court before which the proceeding is pending of any change in his or her address within 24 hours after such change, except that a defendant who has been admitted to pretrial release for a forcible felony as defined in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall file a written notice with the clerk of the court before which the proceeding is pending and the clerk shall immediately deliver a time stamped copy of the written notice to the prosecutor charged with the prosecution within 24 hours prior to such change. The address of a defendant who has been admitted to pretrial release shall at all times remain a matter of record with the clerk of the court.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-13

    (725 ILCS 5/110-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-13)
    Sec. 110-13. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23)

725 ILCS 5/110-14

    (725 ILCS 5/110-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-14)
    Sec. 110-14. Credit toward fines for pretrial incarceration.
    (a) Any person denied pretrial release and against whom a fine is levied on conviction of the offense shall be automatically credited $30 for each day so incarcerated upon application of the defendant. However, in no case shall the amount so credited exceed the amount of the fine.
    (b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a person incarcerated for sexual assault as defined in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of Section 5-9-1.7 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (c) A person subject to bail on a Category B offense, before January 1, 2023, shall have $30 deducted from his or her 10% cash bond amount every day the person is incarcerated. The sheriff shall calculate and apply this $30 per day reduction and send notice to the circuit clerk if a defendant's 10% cash bond amount is reduced to $0, at which point the defendant shall be released upon his or her own recognizance.
    (d) The court may deny the incarceration credit in subsection (c) of this Section if the person has failed to appear as required before the court and is incarcerated based on a warrant for failure to appear on the same original criminal offense.
    (e) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 101-408, eff. 1-1-20; P.A. 101-652, eff. 7-1-21. Repealed by P.A. 102-28. Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. P.A. 102-1104, eff. 12-6-22.)

725 ILCS 5/110-15

    (725 ILCS 5/110-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-15)
    Sec. 110-15. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-16

    (725 ILCS 5/110-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-16)
    Sec. 110-16. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-17

    (725 ILCS 5/110-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-17)
    Sec. 110-17. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/110-18

    (725 ILCS 5/110-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-18)
    Sec. 110-18. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 110A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 110A heading)
ARTICLE 110A. PEACE BONDS
(Repealed)
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV heading)
TITLE IV. PROCEEDINGS TO COMMENCE PROSECUTION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 111

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 111 heading)
ARTICLE 111. CHARGING AN OFFENSE

725 ILCS 5/111-1

    (725 ILCS 5/111-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-1)
    Sec. 111-1. Methods of prosecution.
    (a) When authorized by law a prosecution may be commenced by:
        (1) A complaint;
        (2) An information;
        (3) An indictment.
    (b) Upon commencement of a prosecution for a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, the victims of these offenses shall have all the rights under this Section as they do in Section 4 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act.
    For the purposes of this Section "victim" shall mean an individual who has suffered personal injury as a result of the commission of a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide. In regard to a violation of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, "victim" shall also include, but not be limited to, spouse, guardian, parent, or other family member.
    (c) Upon arrest after commencement of a prosecution for a sex offense against a person known to be an employee, the State's Attorney shall immediately provide the superintendent of schools or school administrator that employs the employee with a copy of the complaint, information, or indictment.
    For the purposes of this subsection: "employee" has the meaning provided in subsection (a) of Section 24-5 of the School Code; and "sex offense" has the meaning provided in Section 2 of the Sex Offender Registration Act.
    This subsection shall not be construed to diminish the rights, privileges, or remedies of an employee under a collective bargaining agreement or employment contract.
(Source: P.A. 101-521, eff. 8-23-19; 102-558, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/111-2

    (725 ILCS 5/111-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-2)
    Sec. 111-2. Commencement of prosecutions.
    (a) All prosecutions of felonies shall be by information or by indictment. No prosecution may be pursued by information unless a preliminary hearing has been held or waived in accordance with Section 109-3 and at that hearing probable cause to believe the defendant committed an offense was found, and the provisions of Section 109-3.1 of this Code have been complied with.
    (b) All other prosecutions may be by indictment, information or complaint.
    (c) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court charging the defendant with the commission of a sex offense defined in any Section of Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, and a minor as defined in Section 1-3 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 is alleged to be the victim of the commission of the acts of the defendant in the commission of such offense, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor as provided in Section 2-17, 3-19, 4-16 or 5-610 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
    (d) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court, the court shall immediately issue a warrant for the arrest of each person charged with an offense directed to a peace officer or some other person specifically named commanding him to arrest such person.
    (e) When the offense is eligible for pretrial release, the judge shall endorse on the warrant the conditions of pretrial release required by the order of the court, and if the court orders the process returnable forthwith, the warrant shall require that the accused be arrested and brought immediately into court.
    (f) Where the prosecution of a felony is by information or complaint after preliminary hearing, or after a waiver of preliminary hearing in accordance with paragraph (a) of this Section, such prosecution may be for all offenses, arising from the same transaction or conduct of a defendant even though the complaint or complaints filed at the preliminary hearing charged only one or some of the offenses arising from that transaction or conduct.
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 1-1-23.)

725 ILCS 5/111-3

    (725 ILCS 5/111-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-3)
    Sec. 111-3. Form of charge.
    (a) A charge shall be in writing and allege the commission of an offense by:
        (1) Stating the name of the offense;
        (2) Citing the statutory provision alleged to have
    
been violated;
        (3) Setting forth the nature and elements of the
    
offense charged;
        (4) Stating the date and county of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done; and
        (5) Stating the name of the accused, if known, and if
    
not known, designate the accused by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty.
    (a-5) If the victim is alleged to have been subjected to an offense involving an illegal sexual act including, but not limited to, a sexual offense defined in Article 11 or Section 10-9 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the charge shall state the identity of the victim by name, initials, or description.
    (b) An indictment shall be signed by the foreman of the Grand Jury and an information shall be signed by the State's Attorney and sworn to by him or another. A complaint shall be sworn to and signed by the complainant; provided, that when a peace officer observes the commission of a misdemeanor and is the complaining witness, the signing of the complaint by the peace officer is sufficient to charge the defendant with the commission of the offense, and the complaint need not be sworn to if the officer signing the complaint certifies that the statements set forth in the complaint are true and correct and are subject to the penalties provided by law for false certification under Section 1-109 of the Code of Civil Procedure and perjury under Section 32-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012; and further provided, however, that when a citation is issued on a Uniform Traffic Ticket or Uniform Conservation Ticket (in a form prescribed by the Conference of Chief Circuit Judges and filed with the Supreme Court), the copy of such Uniform Ticket which is filed with the circuit court constitutes a complaint to which the defendant may plead, unless he specifically requests that a verified complaint be filed.
    (c) When the State seeks an enhanced sentence because of a prior conviction, the charge shall also state the intention to seek an enhanced sentence and shall state such prior conviction so as to give notice to the defendant. However, the fact of such prior conviction and the State's intention to seek an enhanced sentence are not elements of the offense and may not be disclosed to the jury during trial unless otherwise permitted by issues properly raised during such trial. For the purposes of this Section, "enhanced sentence" means a sentence which is increased by a prior conviction from one classification of offense to another higher level classification of offense set forth in Section 5-4.5-10 of the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/5-4.5-10); it does not include an increase in the sentence applied within the same level of classification of offense.
    (c-5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in all cases if an alleged fact (other than the fact of a prior conviction) is not an element of an offense but is sought to be used to increase the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense, the alleged fact must be included in the charging instrument or otherwise provided to the defendant through a written notification before trial, submitted to a trier of fact as an aggravating factor, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt. Failure to prove the fact beyond a reasonable doubt is not a bar to a conviction for commission of the offense, but is a bar to increasing, based on that fact, the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for that offense. Nothing in this subsection (c-5) requires the imposition of a sentence that increases the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense if the imposition of that sentence is not required by law.
    (d) At any time prior to trial, the State on motion shall be permitted to amend the charge, whether brought by indictment, information or complaint, to make the charge comply with subsection (c) or (c-5) of this Section. Nothing in Section 103-5 of this Code precludes such an amendment or a written notification made in accordance with subsection (c-5) of this Section.
    (e) The provisions of subsection (a) of Section 5-4.5-95 of the Unified Code of Corrections shall not be affected by this Section.
(Source: P.A. 103-51, eff. 1-1-24.)

725 ILCS 5/111-4

    (725 ILCS 5/111-4)
    Sec. 111-4. Joinder of offenses and defendants.
    (a) Two or more offenses may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint in a separate count for each offense if the offenses charged, whether felonies or misdemeanors or both, are based on the same act or on 2 or more acts which are part of the same comprehensive transaction.
    (b) Two or more defendants may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint if they are alleged to have participated in the same act or in the same comprehensive transaction out of which the offense or offenses arose. Such defendants may be charged in one or more counts together or separately and all of the defendants need not be charged in each count.
    (c) Two or more acts or transactions in violation of any provision or provisions of Sections 8A-2, 8A-3, 8A-4, 8A-4A and 8A-5 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, Section 14 of the Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act, Sections 16-1, 16-1.3, 16-2, 16-3, 16-5, 16-7, 16-8, 16-10, 16-25, 16-30, 16A-3, 16B-2, 16G-15, 16G-20, 16H-15, 16H-20, 16H-25, 16H-30, 16H-45, 16H-50, 16H-55, 17-1, 17-3, 17-6, 17-30, 17-56, 17-60, or 29B-1, or item (ii) of subsection (a) or (b) of Section 17-9, or subdivision (a)(2) of Section 17-10.5, or subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (g), (h), or (i) of Section 17-10.6, or subsection (a) of Section 17-32 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and Section 118 of Division I of the Criminal Jurisprudence Act, may be charged as a single offense in a single count of the same indictment, information or complaint, if such acts or transactions by one or more defendants are in furtherance of a single intention and design or if the property, labor or services obtained are of the same person or are of several persons having a common interest in such property, labor or services. In such a charge, the period between the dates of the first and the final such acts or transactions may be alleged as the date of the offense and, if any such act or transaction by any defendant was committed in the county where the prosecution was commenced, such county may be alleged as the county of the offense.
(Source: P.A. 99-629, eff. 1-1-17.)

725 ILCS 5/111-5

    (725 ILCS 5/111-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-5)
    Sec. 111-5. Formal defects in a charge. An indictment, information or complaint which charges the commission of an offense in accordance with Section 111-3 of this Code shall not be dismissed and may be amended on motion by the State's Attorney or defendant at any time because of formal defects, including:
        (a) Any miswriting, misspelling or grammatical error;
        (b) Any misjoinder of the parties defendant;
        (c) Any misjoinder of the offense charged;
        (d) The presence of any unnecessary allegation;
        (e) The failure to negative any exception, any excuse
    
or proviso contained in the statute defining the offense; or
        (f) The use of alternative or disjunctive allegations
    
as to the acts, means, intents or results charged.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-6

    (725 ILCS 5/111-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-6)
    Sec. 111-6. Bill of particulars.
    When an indictment, information or complaint charges an offense in accordance with the provisions of Section 111-3 of this Code but fails to specify the particulars of the offense sufficiently to enable the defendant to prepare his defense the court may, on written motion of the defendant, require the State's Attorney to furnish the defendant with a Bill of Particulars containing such particulars as may be necessary for the preparation of the defense. At the trial of the cause the State's evidence shall be confined to the particulars of the bill.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-7

    (725 ILCS 5/111-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-7)
    Sec. 111-7. Loss of charge.
    When an indictment, information or complaint which has been returned or presented to a court as authorized by law has become illegible or cannot be produced at the arraignment or trial the defendant may be arraigned and tried on a copy thereof certified by the clerk of the court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-8

    (725 ILCS 5/111-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-8)
    Sec. 111-8. Orders of protection to prohibit domestic violence.
    (a) Whenever a violation of Section 9-1, 9-2, 9-3, 10-3, 10-3.1, 10-4, 10-5, 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 11-14.3 that involves soliciting for a prostitute, 11-14.4 that involves soliciting for a juvenile prostitute, 11-15, 11-15.1, 11-20.1, 11-20.1B, 11-20.3, 11-20a, 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.05, 12-3.2, 12-3.3, 12-3.5, 12-4, 12-4.1, 12-4.3, 12-4.6, 12-5, 12-6, 12-6.3, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-7.5, 12-11, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, 12-16, 19-4, 19-6, 21-1, 21-2, 21-3, or 26.5-2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or Section 1-1 of the Harassing and Obscene Communications Act is alleged in an information, complaint or indictment on file, and the alleged offender and victim are family or household members, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, as now or hereafter amended, the People through the respective State's Attorneys may by separate petition and upon notice to the defendant, except as provided in subsection (c) herein, request the court to issue an order of protection.
    (b) In addition to any other remedies specified in Section 208 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, as now or hereafter amended, the order may direct the defendant to initiate no contact with the alleged victim or victims who are family or household members and to refrain from entering the residence, school or place of business of the alleged victim or victims.
    (c) The court may grant emergency relief without notice upon a showing of immediate and present danger of abuse to the victim or minor children of the victim and may enter a temporary order pending notice and full hearing on the matter.
(Source: P.A. 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)

725 ILCS 5/111-9

    (725 ILCS 5/111-9)
    Sec. 111-9. Notification to forensic laboratories. Unless the Supreme Court shall by Rule provide otherwise, upon disposition, withdrawal, or dismissal of any charge, the State's Attorney shall promptly notify the forensic laboratory or laboratories in possession of evidence, reports, or other materials or information related to that charge. Notification may be given by any reasonable means under the circumstances, including, but not limited to, the Illinois State Police Laboratory Information Management System, email, or telephone.
(Source: P.A. 102-523, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 112

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 112 heading)
ARTICLE 112. GRAND JURY

725 ILCS 5/112-1

    (725 ILCS 5/112-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-1)
    Sec. 112-1. Selection and qualification. The grand jurors shall be summoned, drawn, qualified and certified according to law.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/112-2

    (725 ILCS 5/112-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-2)
    Sec. 112-2. Impaneling the Grand Jury.
    (a) The Grand Jury shall consist of 16 persons, 12 of whom shall be necessary to constitute a quorum.
    (b) The Grand Jury shall be impaneled, sworn and instructed as to its duties by the court. The court shall select and swear one of the grand jurors to serve as foreman.
    (c) Before the Grand Jury shall enter upon the discharge of their duties the following oath shall be administered to the jurors:
    "Do each of you swear (or affirm) that you will diligently inquire into all matters presented to you; that you will return no indictment through malice or ill will, or fail to return one due to fear or reward; and that in all your decisions you will present the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, according to the best of your skill and understanding."
(Source: P.A. 102-495, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/112-3

    (725 ILCS 5/112-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-3)
    Sec. 112-3. Duration of Grand Jury.
    (a) In counties with a population in excess of 1,000,000 a Grand Jury shall be convened, impaneled and sworn, and shall commence the performance of its duties for an indeterminate period, on the first Monday of each month. In such counties a Grand Jury shall serve until discharged by the court, except that no Grand Jury shall serve in excess of 18 months and not more than 6 Grand Juries shall sit at the same time.
    In counties with a population in excess of 225,000 but less than 1,000,000 a Grand Jury may be convened, empaneled, and sworn and may sit at such times and for such periods as the circuit court may order on its own motion or that of the State's Attorney. No Grand Jury shall serve in excess of 18 months and not more than 2 Grand Juries shall sit at the same time.
    (b) In all other counties the Grand Jury shall be called and sit at such times and for such periods as the circuit court may order on its own motion or that of the State's Attorney; provided, that no Grand Jury shall sit for a period in excess of 18 months and, provided further, that no more than one Grand Jury shall sit at the same time.
    (c) At any time for cause shown the court may excuse a grand juror either temporarily or permanently and, if permanently, may impanel another person in place of the grand juror excused.
(Source: P.A. 88-31.)

725 ILCS 5/112-4

    (725 ILCS 5/112-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-4)
    Sec. 112-4. Duties of Grand Jury and State's Attorney.) (a) The Grand Jury shall hear all evidence presented by the State's Attorney.
    (b) The Grand Jury has the right to subpoena and question any person against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment, or any other person, and to obtain and examine any documents or transcripts relevant to the matter being prosecuted by the State's Attorney. Prior to the commencement of its duties and, again, before the consideration of each matter or charge before the Grand Jury, the State's Attorney shall inform the Grand Jury of these rights. In cases where the initial charge has been commenced by information or complaint and a finding of no probable cause has resulted as to any offense charged therein, the Grand Jury shall be informed of the finding entered at the preliminary hearing and further advised that such finding shall not bar the State from initiating new charges by indictment, information or complaint if the State's Attorney has reasonable grounds to believe that the evidence available at that time is sufficient to establish probable cause. In such cases, the Grand Jury shall be further advised that it has the right to subpoena and question any witness who testified at the preliminary hearing, or who is believed to have knowledge of such offense, and of its right to obtain and examine the testimony heard at the preliminary hearing, either through the production of a transcript of the proceedings, or through the verbatim testimony of the court reporter who attended the preliminary hearing. The State's Attorney shall file an affidavit as part of the Grand Jury record indicating whether the jurors were advised of such previous findings of no probable cause and of their rights based upon such previous finding.
    Any person subpoenaed who is already charged with an offense or against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment shall have the right to be accompanied by counsel who shall advise him of his rights during the proceedings but may not participate in any other way. Before any testimony is given by such a person, he shall be informed that he has the right to refuse to answer any question that will tend to incriminate him, that anything he says may be used against him in a court of law, that he has the right to be accompanied and advised of his rights by counsel, and that he will have counsel appointed for him if he cannot afford one.
    (c) The foreman shall preside over all hearings and swear all witnesses. Except where otherwise provided by this Article, the foreman may delegate duties to other grand jurors and determine rules of procedure.
    (d) If 9 grand jurors concur that the evidence before them constitutes probable cause that a person has committed an offense the State's Attorney shall prepare a Bill of Indictment charging that person with such offense. The foreman shall sign each Bill of Indictment which shall be returned in open court.
    (e) When the evidence presented to the Grand Jury does not warrant the return of a Bill of Indictment, the State's Attorney may prepare a written memorandum to such effect, entitled, "No Bill".
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-4.1

    (725 ILCS 5/112-4.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-4.1)
    Sec. 112-4.1. Any person appearing before the grand jury shall have the right to be accompanied by counsel who shall advise him of his rights but shall not participate in any other way.
(Source: P.A. 81-1112.)

725 ILCS 5/112-5

    (725 ILCS 5/112-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-5)
    Sec. 112-5. Duties of others. (a) The clerk of the court shall keep such records of Bills of Indictments and No Bills as may be prescribed by Rule of the Supreme Court.
    (b) The court may appoint an investigator or investigators on petition showing good cause for same and signed by the foreman and 8 other grand jurors. The duties and tenure of appointment of such investigator or investigators shall be determined by the court.
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-6

    (725 ILCS 5/112-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-6)
    Sec. 112-6. Secrecy of proceedings.) (a) Only the State's Attorney, his reporter and any other person authorized by the court or by law may attend the sessions of the Grand Jury. Only the grand jurors shall be present during the deliberations and vote of the Grand Jury. If no reporter is assigned by the State's Attorney to attend the sessions of the Grand Jury, the court shall appoint such reporter.
    (b) Matters other than the deliberations and vote of any grand juror shall not be disclosed by the State's Attorney, except as otherwise provided for in subsection (c). The court may direct that a Bill of Indictment be kept secret until the defendant is in custody or has given bail and in either event the clerk shall seal the Bill of Indictment and no person shall disclose the finding of the Bill of Indictment except when necessary for the issuance and execution of a warrant.
    (c) (1) Disclosure otherwise prohibited by this Section of matters occurring before the Grand Jury, other than its deliberations and the vote of any grand juror, may be made to:
    a. a State's Attorney for use in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty; and
    b. such government personnel as are deemed necessary by the State's Attorney in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty to enforce State criminal law.
    (2) Any person to whom matters are disclosed under paragraph (1) of this subsection (c) shall not use the Grand Jury material for any purpose other than assisting the State's Attorney in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty to enforce State criminal law. The State's Attorney shall promptly provide the court, before which was impaneled the Grand Jury whose material has been disclosed, with the names of the persons to whom such disclosure has been made.
    (3) Disclosure otherwise prohibited by this Section of matters occurring before the Grand Jury may also be made when the court, preliminary to or in connection with a judicial proceeding, directs such in the interests of justice or when a law so directs.
    (d) Any grand juror or officer of the court who discloses, other than to his attorney, matters occurring before the Grand Jury other than in accordance with the provisions of this subsection or Section 112-7 shall be punished as a contempt of court, subject to proceedings in accordance to law.
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-7

    (725 ILCS 5/112-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-7)
    Sec. 112-7. A transcript shall be made of all questions asked of and answers given by witnesses before the grand jury.
(Source: P.A. 79-669.)

725 ILCS 5/112-8

    (725 ILCS 5/112-8)
    Sec. 112-8. Destroyed instrument. When an instrument that is the subject of an indictment has been destroyed or withheld by the act or procurement of the defendant, and the fact of the destruction or withholding is alleged in the indictment and established on trial, the accused shall not be acquitted on account of any misdescription of the instrument so withheld or destroyed.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 112A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 112A heading)
ARTICLE 112A. PROTECTIVE ORDERS
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-1

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-1)
    Sec. 112A-1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1305. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-1.5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-1.5)
    Sec. 112A-1.5. Purpose and construction. The purpose of this Article is to protect the safety of victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, sexual abuse, and stalking and the safety of their family and household members; and to minimize the trauma and inconvenience associated with attending separate and multiple civil court proceedings to obtain protective orders. This Article shall be interpreted in accordance with the constitutional rights of crime victims set forth in Article I, Section 8.1 of the Illinois Constitution, the purposes set forth in Section 2 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act, and the use of protective orders to implement the victim's right to be reasonably protected from the defendant as provided in Section 4.5 of the Rights of Victims and Witnesses Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-2)
    Sec. 112A-2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-2.5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-2.5)
    Sec. 112A-2.5. Types of protective orders. The following protective orders may be entered in conjunction with a delinquency petition or a criminal prosecution:
        (1) a domestic violence order of protection in cases
    
involving domestic violence;
        (2) a civil no contact order in cases involving
    
sexual offenses; or
        (3) a stalking no contact order in cases involving
    
stalking offenses.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-3

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-3)
    Sec. 112A-3. Definitions.
    (a) In this Article:
    "Advocate" means a person whose communications with the victim are privileged under Section 8-802.1 or 8-802.2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or Section 227 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
    "Named victim" means the person named as the victim in the delinquency petition or criminal prosecution.
    "Protective order" means a domestic violence order of protection, a civil no contact order, or a stalking no contact order.
    (b) For the purposes of domestic violence cases, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
        (1) "Abuse" means physical abuse, harassment,
    
intimidation of a dependent, interference with personal liberty or willful deprivation but does not include reasonable direction of a minor child by a parent or person in loco parentis.
        (2) "Domestic violence" means abuse as described in
    
paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
        (3) "Family or household members" include spouses,
    
former spouses, parents, children, stepchildren, and other persons related by blood or by present or prior marriage, persons who share or formerly shared a common dwelling, persons who have or allegedly have a child in common, persons who share or allegedly share a blood relationship through a child, persons who have or have had a dating or engagement relationship, persons with disabilities and their personal assistants, and caregivers as defined in subsection (e) of Section 12-4.4a of the Criminal Code of 2012. For purposes of this paragraph (3), neither a casual acquaintanceship nor ordinary fraternization between 2 individuals in business or social contexts shall be deemed to constitute a dating relationship.
        (4) "Harassment" means knowing conduct which is not
    
necessary to accomplish a purpose which is reasonable under the circumstances; would cause a reasonable person emotional distress; and does cause emotional distress to the petitioner. Unless the presumption is rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence, the following types of conduct shall be presumed to cause emotional distress:
            (i) creating a disturbance at petitioner's place
        
of employment or school;
            (ii) repeatedly telephoning petitioner's place of
        
employment, home or residence;
            (iii) repeatedly following petitioner about in a
        
public place or places;
            (iv) repeatedly keeping petitioner under
        
surveillance by remaining present outside his or her home, school, place of employment, vehicle or other place occupied by petitioner or by peering in petitioner's windows;
            (v) improperly concealing a minor child from
        
petitioner, repeatedly threatening to improperly remove a minor child of petitioner's from the jurisdiction or from the physical care of petitioner, repeatedly threatening to conceal a minor child from petitioner, or making a single such threat following an actual or attempted improper removal or concealment, unless respondent was fleeing from an incident or pattern of domestic violence; or
            (vi) threatening physical force, confinement or
        
restraint on one or more occasions.
        (5) "Interference with personal liberty" means
    
committing or threatening physical abuse, harassment, intimidation or willful deprivation so as to compel another to engage in conduct from which she or he has a right to abstain or to refrain from conduct in which she or he has a right to engage.
        (6) "Intimidation of a dependent" means subjecting a
    
person who is dependent because of age, health, or disability to participation in or the witnessing of: physical force against another or physical confinement or restraint of another which constitutes physical abuse as defined in this Article, regardless of whether the abused person is a family or household member.
        (7) "Order of protection" or "domestic violence order
    
of protection" means an ex parte or final order, granted pursuant to this Article, which includes any or all of the remedies authorized by Section 112A-14 of this Code.
        (8) "Petitioner" may mean not only any named
    
petitioner for the domestic violence order of protection and any named victim of abuse on whose behalf the petition is brought, but also any other person protected by this Article.
        (9) "Physical abuse" includes sexual abuse and means
    
any of the following:
            (i) knowing or reckless use of physical force,
        
confinement or restraint;
            (ii) knowing, repeated and unnecessary sleep
        
deprivation; or
            (iii) knowing or reckless conduct which creates
        
an immediate risk of physical harm.
        (9.3) "Respondent" in a petition for a domestic
    
violence order of protection means the defendant.
        (9.5) "Stay away" means for the respondent to refrain
    
from both physical presence and nonphysical contact with the petitioner whether direct, indirect (including, but not limited to, telephone calls, mail, email, faxes, and written notes), or through third parties who may or may not know about the domestic violence order of protection.
        (10) "Willful deprivation" means wilfully denying a
    
person who because of age, health or disability requires medication, medical care, shelter, accessible shelter or services, food, therapeutic device, or other physical assistance, and thereby exposing that person to the risk of physical, mental or emotional harm, except with regard to medical care and treatment when such dependent person has expressed the intent to forgo such medical care or treatment. This paragraph (10) does not create any new affirmative duty to provide support to dependent persons.
    (c) For the purposes of cases involving sexual offenses, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
        (1) "Civil no contact order" means an ex parte or
    
final order granted under this Article, which includes a remedy authorized by Section 112A-14.5 of this Code.
        (2) "Family or household members" include spouses,
    
parents, children, stepchildren, and persons who share a common dwelling.
        (3) "Non-consensual" means a lack of freely given
    
agreement.
        (4) "Petitioner" means not only any named petitioner
    
for the civil no contact order and any named victim of non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration on whose behalf the petition is brought, but includes any other person sought to be protected under this Article.
        (5) "Respondent" in a petition for a civil no
    
contact order means the defendant.
        (6) "Sexual conduct" means any intentional or
    
knowing touching or fondling by the petitioner or the respondent, either directly or through clothing, of the sex organs, anus, or breast of the petitioner or the respondent, or any part of the body of a child under 13 years of age, or any transfer or transmission of semen by the respondent upon any part of the clothed or unclothed body of the petitioner, for the purpose of sexual gratification or arousal of the petitioner or the respondent.
        (7) "Sexual penetration" means any contact, however
    
slight, between the sex organ or anus of one person by an object, the sex organ, mouth or anus of another person, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the body of one person or of any animal or object into the sex organ or anus of another person, including, but not limited to, cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal penetration. Evidence of emission of semen is not required to prove sexual penetration.
        (8) "Stay away" means to refrain from both physical
    
presence and nonphysical contact with the petitioner directly, indirectly, or through third parties who may or may not know of the order. "Nonphysical contact" includes, but is not limited to, telephone calls, mail, e-mail, fax, and written notes.
    (d) For the purposes of cases involving stalking offenses, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
        (1) "Course of conduct" means 2 or more acts,
    
including, but not limited to, acts in which a respondent directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about, a person, engages in other contact, or interferes with or damages a person's property or pet. A course of conduct may include contact via electronic communications. The incarceration of a person in a penal institution who commits the course of conduct is not a bar to prosecution.
        (2) "Emotional distress" means significant mental
    
suffering, anxiety, or alarm.
        (3) "Contact" includes any contact with the victim,
    
that is initiated or continued without the victim's consent, or that is in disregard of the victim's expressed desire that the contact be avoided or discontinued, including, but not limited to, being in the physical presence of the victim; appearing within the sight of the victim; approaching or confronting the victim in a public place or on private property; appearing at the workplace or residence of the victim; entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim; or placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
        (4) "Petitioner" means any named petitioner for the
    
stalking no contact order or any named victim of stalking on whose behalf the petition is brought.
        (5) "Reasonable person" means a person in the
    
petitioner's circumstances with the petitioner's knowledge of the respondent and the respondent's prior acts.
        (6) "Respondent" in a petition for a civil no
    
contact order means the defendant.
        (7) "Stalking" means engaging in a course of conduct
    
directed at a specific person, and he or she knows or should know that this course of conduct would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of a third person or suffer emotional distress. "Stalking" does not include an exercise of the right to free speech or assembly that is otherwise lawful or picketing occurring at the workplace that is otherwise lawful and arises out of a bona fide labor dispute, including any controversy concerning wages, salaries, hours, working conditions or benefits, including health and welfare, sick leave, insurance, and pension or retirement provisions, the making or maintaining of collective bargaining agreements, and the terms to be included in those agreements.
        (8) "Stalking no contact order" means an ex parte or
    
final order granted under this Article, which includes a remedy authorized by Section 112A-14.7 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-4

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-4)
    Sec. 112A-4. Persons protected by this Article.
    (a) The following persons are protected by this Article in cases involving domestic violence:
        (1) any person abused by a family or household member;
        (2) any minor child or dependent adult in the care of
    
such person;
        (3) any person residing or employed at a private home
    
or public shelter which is housing an abused family or household member; and
        (4) any of the following persons if the person is
    
abused by a family or household member of a child:
            (i) a foster parent of that child if the child
        
has been placed in the foster parent's home by the Department of Children and Family Services or by another state's public child welfare agency;
            (ii) a legally appointed guardian or legally
        
appointed custodian of that child;
            (iii) an adoptive parent of that child; or
            (iv) a prospective adoptive parent of that child
        
if the child has been placed in the prospective adoptive parent's home pursuant to the Adoption Act or pursuant to another state's law.
        For purposes of this paragraph (a)(4), individuals
    
who would have been considered "family or household members" of the child under paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of Section 112A-3 before a termination of the parental rights with respect to the child continue to meet the definition of "family or household members" of the child.
    (a-5) The following persons are protected by this Article in cases involving sexual offenses:
        (1) any victim of non-consensual sexual conduct or
    
non-consensual sexual penetration on whose behalf the petition is brought;
        (2) any family or household member of the named
    
victim; and
        (3) any employee of or volunteer at a rape crisis
    
center.
    (a-10) The following persons are protected by this Article in cases involving stalking offenses:
        (1) any victim of stalking; and
        (2) any family or household member of the named
    
victim.
    (b) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-639, eff. 1-1-19.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-4.5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-4.5)
    Sec. 112A-4.5. Who may file petition.
    (a) A petition for a domestic violence order of protection may be filed:
        (1) by a named victim who has been abused by a family
    
or household member;
        (2) by any person or by the State's Attorney on
    
behalf of a named victim who is a minor child or an adult who has been abused by a family or household member and who, because of age, health, disability, or inaccessibility, cannot file the petition;
        (3) by a State's Attorney on behalf of any minor
    
child or dependent adult in the care of the named victim, if the named victim does not file a petition or request the State's Attorney file the petition; or
        (4) any of the following persons if the person is
    
abused by a family or household member of a child:
            (i) a foster parent of that child if the child
        
has been placed in the foster parent's home by the Department of Children and Family Services or by another state's public child welfare agency;
            (ii) a legally appointed guardian or legally
        
appointed custodian of that child;
            (iii) an adoptive parent of that child;
            (iv) a prospective adoptive parent of that child
        
if the child has been placed in the prospective adoptive parent's home pursuant to the Adoption Act or pursuant to another state's law.
    For purposes of this paragraph (a)(4), individuals who would have been considered "family or household members" of the child under paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of Section 112A-3 before a termination of the parental rights with respect to the child continue to meet the definition of "family or household members" of the child.
    (b) A petition for a civil no contact order may be filed:
        (1) by any person who is a named victim of
    
non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration, including a single incident of non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration;
        (2) by a person or by the State's Attorney on behalf
    
of a named victim who is a minor child or an adult who is a victim of non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration but, because of age, disability, health, or inaccessibility, cannot file the petition;
        (3) by a State's Attorney on behalf of any minor
    
child who is a family or household member of the named victim, if the named victim does not file a petition or request the State's Attorney file the petition;
        (4) by a service member of the Illinois National
    
Guard or any reserve military component serving within the State who is a victim of non-consensual sexual conduct who has also received a Military Protective Order; or
        (5) by the Staff Judge Advocate of the Illinois
    
National Guard or any reserve military component serving in the State on behalf of a named victim who is a victim of non-consensual sexual conduct who has also received a Military Protective Order only after receiving consent from the victim, and the petition shall include a statement that the victim has consented to the Staff Judge Advocate filing the petition.
    (c) A petition for a stalking no contact order may be filed:
        (1) by any person who is a named victim of stalking;
        (2) by a person or by the State's Attorney on behalf
    
of a named victim who is a minor child or an adult who is a victim of stalking but, because of age, disability, health, or inaccessibility, cannot file the petition;
        (3) by a State's Attorney on behalf of any minor
    
child who is a family or household member of the named victim, if the named victim does not file a petition or request the State's Attorney file the petition;
        (4) by a service member of the Illinois National
    
Guard or any reserve military component serving within the State who is a victim of non-consensual sexual conduct who has also received a Military Protective Order; or
        (5) by the Staff Judge Advocate of the Illinois
    
National Guard or any reserve military component serving in the State on behalf of a named victim who is a victim of non-consensual sexual conduct who has also received a Military Protective Order only after receiving consent from the victim, and the petition shall include a statement that the victim has consented to the Staff Judge Advocate filing the petition.
    (d) The State's Attorney shall file a petition on behalf of any person who may file a petition under subsections (a), (b), or (c) of this Section if the person requests the State's Attorney to file a petition on the person's behalf, unless the State's Attorney has a good faith basis to delay filing the petition. The State's Attorney shall inform the person that the State's Attorney will not be filing the petition at that time and that the person may file a petition or may retain an attorney to file the petition. The State's Attorney may file the petition at a later date.
    (d-5) (1) A person eligible to file a petition under subsection (a), (b), or (c) of this Section may retain an attorney to represent the petitioner on the petitioner's request for a protective order. The attorney's representation is limited to matters related to the petition and relief authorized under this Article.
    (2) Advocates shall be allowed to accompany the petitioner and confer with the victim, unless otherwise directed by the court. Advocates are not engaged in the unauthorized practice of law when providing assistance to the petitioner.
    (e) Any petition properly filed under this Article may seek protection for any additional persons protected by this Article.
(Source: P.A. 102-890, eff. 5-19-22; 103-407, eff. 7-28-23.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-5)
    Sec. 112A-5. Pleading; non-disclosure of address.
    (a) A petition for a protective order shall be filed in conjunction with a delinquency petition or criminal prosecution, or in conjunction with imprisonment or a bond forfeiture warrant, provided the petition names a victim of the alleged crime. The petition may include a request for an ex parte protective order, a final protective order, or both. The petition shall be in writing and verified or accompanied by affidavit and shall allege that:
        (1) petitioner has been abused by respondent, who is
    
a family or household member;
        (2) respondent has engaged in non-consensual sexual
    
conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration, including a single incident of non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration with petitioner; or
        (3) petitioner has been stalked by respondent.
    The petition shall further set forth whether there is any other action between the petitioner and respondent. During the pendency of this proceeding, the petitioner and respondent have a continuing duty to inform the court of any subsequent proceeding for a protective order in this State or any other state.
    (a-5) The petition shall indicate whether an ex parte protective order, a protective order, or both are requested. If the respondent receives notice of a petition for a final protective order and the respondent requests a continuance to respond to the petition, the petitioner may, either orally or in writing, request an ex parte order.
    (b) The petitioner shall not be required to disclose the petitioner's address. If the petition states that disclosure of petitioner's address would risk abuse to or endanger the safety of petitioner or any member of petitioner's family or household or reveal the confidential address of a shelter for domestic violence victims, that address may be omitted from all documents filed with the court.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-5.5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-5.5)
    Sec. 112A-5.5. Time for filing petition; service on respondent, hearing on petition, and default orders.
    (a) A petition for a protective order may be filed at any time, in person or online, after a criminal charge or delinquency petition is filed and before the charge or delinquency petition is dismissed, the defendant or juvenile is acquitted, or the defendant or juvenile completes service of his or her sentence.
    (b) The request for an ex parte protective order may be considered without notice to the respondent under Section 112A-17.5 of this Code.
    (c) A summons shall be issued and served for a protective order. The summons may be served by delivery to the respondent personally in open court in the criminal or juvenile delinquency proceeding, in the form prescribed by subsection (d) of Supreme Court Rule 101, except that it shall require the respondent to answer or appear within 7 days. Attachments to the summons shall include the petition for protective order, supporting affidavits, if any, and any ex parte protective order that has been issued.
    (d) The summons shall be served by the sheriff or other law enforcement officer at the earliest time available and shall take precedence over any other summons, except those of a similar emergency nature. Attachments to the summons shall include the petition for protective order, supporting affidavits, if any, and any ex parte protective order that has been issued. Special process servers may be appointed at any time and their designation shall not affect the responsibilities and authority of the sheriff or other official process servers. In a county with a population over 3,000,000, a special process server may not be appointed if the protective order grants the surrender of a child, the surrender of a firearm or Firearm Owner's Identification Card, or the exclusive possession of a shared residence.
    (e) If the respondent is not served within 30 days of the filing of the petition, the court shall schedule a court proceeding on the issue of service. Either the petitioner, the petitioner's counsel, or the State's Attorney shall appear and the court shall either order continued attempts at personal service or shall order service by publication, in accordance with Sections 2-203, 2-206, and 2-207 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (f) The request for a final protective order can be considered at any court proceeding in the delinquency or criminal case after service of the petition. If the petitioner has not been provided notice of the court proceeding at least 10 days in advance of the proceeding, the court shall schedule a hearing on the petition and provide notice to the petitioner.
    (f-5) A court in a county with a population above 250,000 shall offer the option of a remote hearing to a petitioner for a protective order. The court has the discretion to grant or deny the request for a remote hearing. Each court shall determine the procedure for a remote hearing. The petitioner and respondent may appear remotely or in person.
    The court shall issue and publish a court order, standing order, or local rule detailing information about the process for requesting and participating in a remote court appearance. The court order, standing order, or local rule shall be published on the court's website and posted on signs throughout the courthouse, including in the clerk's office. The sign shall be written in plain language and include information about the availability of remote court appearances and the process for requesting a remote hearing.
    (g) Default orders.
        (1) A final domestic violence order of protection may
    
be entered by default:
            (A) for any of the remedies sought in the
        
petition, if the respondent has been served with documents under subsection (b) or (c) of this Section and if the respondent fails to appear on the specified return date or any subsequent hearing date agreed to by the petitioner and respondent or set by the court; or
            (B) for any of the remedies provided under
        
paragraph (1), (2), (3), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (14), (15), (17), or (18) of subsection (b) of Section 112A-14 of this Code, or if the respondent fails to answer or appear in accordance with the date set in the publication notice or the return date indicated on the service of a household member.
        (2) A final civil no contact order may be entered by
    
default for any of the remedies provided in Section 112A-14.5 of this Code, if the respondent has been served with documents under subsection (b) or (c) of this Section, and if the respondent fails to answer or appear in accordance with the date set in the publication notice or the return date indicated on the service of a household member.
        (3) A final stalking no contact order may be entered
    
by default for any of the remedies provided by Section 112A-14.7 of this Code, if the respondent has been served with documents under subsection (b) or (c) of this Section and if the respondent fails to answer or appear in accordance with the date set in the publication notice or the return date indicated on the service of a household member.
(Source: P.A. 102-853, eff. 1-1-23; 103-154, eff. 6-30-23.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-6

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-6)
    Sec. 112A-6. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-235, eff. 1-1-98. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-6.1

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-6.1)
    Sec. 112A-6.1. Application of rules of civil procedure; criminal law.
    (a) Any proceeding to obtain, modify, re-open, or appeal a protective order and service of pleadings and notices shall be governed by the rules of civil procedure of this State. The Code of Civil Procedure and Supreme Court and local court rules applicable to civil proceedings shall apply, except as otherwise provided by law. Civil law on venue, discovery, and penalties for untrue statements shall not apply to protective order proceedings heard under this Article.
    (b) Criminal law on discovery, venue, and penalties for untrue statements apply to protective order proceedings under this Article.
    (c) Court proceedings related to the entry of a protective order and the determination of remedies shall not be used to obtain discovery that would not otherwise be available in a criminal prosecution or juvenile delinquency case.
(Source: P.A. 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-7

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-7)
    Sec. 112A-7. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-45. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-8

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-8)
    Sec. 112A-8. Subject matter jurisdiction. Each of the circuit courts shall have the power to issue protective orders.
(Source: P.A. 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-9

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-9)
    Sec. 112A-9. Jurisdiction over persons. In child custody proceedings, the court's personal jurisdiction is determined by this State's Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act. Otherwise, the courts of this State have jurisdiction to bind (i) State residents, and (ii) non-residents having minimum contacts with this State, to the extent permitted by the long-arm statute, Section 2-209 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 93-108, eff. 1-1-04.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-10)
    Sec. 112A-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 99-240, eff. 1-1-16. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-11)
    Sec. 112A-11. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1305. Repealed by P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11.1

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11.1)
    Sec. 112A-11.1. Procedure for determining whether certain misdemeanor crimes are crimes of domestic violence for purposes of federal law.
    (a) When a defendant has been charged with a violation of Section 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, or 12-3.5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the State may, at arraignment or no later than 45 days after arraignment, for the purpose of notification to the Illinois State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office, serve on the defendant and file with the court a notice alleging that conviction of the offense would subject the defendant to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) because of the relationship between the defendant and the alleged victim and the nature of the alleged offense.
    (b) The notice shall include the name of the person alleged to be the victim of the crime and shall specify the nature of the alleged relationship as set forth in 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(33)(A)(ii). It shall also specify the element of the charged offense which requires the use or attempted use of physical force, or the threatened use of a deadly weapon, as set forth 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(33)(A)(ii). It shall also include notice that the defendant is entitled to a hearing on the allegation contained in the notice and that if the allegation is sustained, that determination and conviction shall be reported to the Illinois State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office.
    (c) After having been notified as provided in subsection (b) of this Section, the defendant may stipulate or admit, orally on the record or in writing, that conviction of the offense would subject the defendant to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9). In that case, the applicability of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) shall be deemed established for purposes of Section 112A-11.2. If the defendant denies the applicability of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) as alleged in the notice served by the State, or stands mute with respect to that allegation, then the State shall bear the burden to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the offense is one to which the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) apply. The court may consider reliable hearsay evidence submitted by either party provided that it is relevant to the determination of the allegation. Facts previously proven at trial or elicited at the time of entry of a plea of guilty shall be deemed established beyond a reasonable doubt and shall not be relitigated. At the conclusion of the hearing, or upon a stipulation or admission, as applicable, the court shall make a specific written determination with respect to the allegation.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11.2

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11.2)
    Sec. 112A-11.2. Notification to the Illinois State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office of determinations in certain misdemeanor cases. Upon judgment of conviction of a violation of Section 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, or 12-3.5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 when the defendant has been determined, under Section 112A-11.1, to be subject to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9), the circuit court clerk shall include notification and a copy of the written determination in a report of the conviction to the Illinois State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office to enable the office to report that determination to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and assist the Bureau in identifying persons prohibited from purchasing and possessing a firearm pursuant to the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 922.
(Source: P.A. 102-538, eff. 8-20-21.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11.5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11.5)
    Sec. 112A-11.5. Issuance of protective order.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (a-5) of this Section, the court shall grant the petition and enter a protective order if the court finds prima facie evidence that a crime involving domestic violence, a sexual offense, or a crime involving stalking has been committed. The following shall be considered prima facie evidence of the crime:
        (1) an information, complaint, indictment, or
    
delinquency petition, charging a crime of domestic violence, a sexual offense, or stalking or charging an attempt to commit a crime of domestic violence, a sexual offense, or stalking;
        (2) an adjudication of delinquency, a finding of
    
guilt based upon a plea, or a finding of guilt after a trial for a crime of domestic battery, a sexual crime, or stalking or an attempt to commit a crime of domestic violence, a sexual offense, or stalking;
        (3) any dispositional order issued under Section
    
5-710 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, the imposition of supervision, conditional discharge, probation, periodic imprisonment, parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release for a crime of domestic violence, a sexual offense, or stalking or an attempt to commit a crime of domestic violence, a sexual offense, or stalking, or imprisonment in conjunction with a bond forfeiture warrant; or
        (4) the entry of a protective order in a separate
    
civil case brought by the petitioner against the respondent.
    (a-5) The respondent may rebut prima facie evidence of the crime under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this Section by presenting evidence of a meritorious defense. The respondent shall file a written notice alleging a meritorious defense which shall be verified and supported by affidavit. The verified notice and affidavit shall set forth the evidence that will be presented at a hearing. If the court finds that the evidence presented at the hearing establishes a meritorious defense by a preponderance of the evidence, the court may decide not to issue a protective order.
    (b) The petitioner shall not be denied a protective order because the petitioner or the respondent is a minor.
    (c) The court, when determining whether or not to issue a protective order, may not require physical injury on the person of the victim.
    (d) If the court issues a final protective order under this Section, the court shall afford the petitioner and respondent an opportunity to be heard on the remedies requested in the petition.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-12

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-12)
    Sec. 112A-12. Transfer of issues not decided in cases involving domestic violence.
    (a) (Blank).
    (a-5) A petition for a domestic violence order of protection shall be treated as an expedited proceeding, and no court shall transfer or otherwise decline to decide all or part of the petition, except as otherwise provided in this Section. Nothing in this Section shall prevent th