Illinois Compiled Statutes
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BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS805 ILCS 180/Art. 10
(805 ILCS 180/) Limited Liability Company Act.
(805 ILCS 180/Art. 10 heading)
805 ILCS 180/10-1
(805 ILCS 180/10-1)
Admission of members.
(a) A person becomes a member of a limited liability company:
(1) upon formation of the company, as provided in an
agreement between the organizer and the initial member if there is only one member, or as provided in an agreement among initial members if there is more than one member;
(2) after the formation of the company,
(A) as provided in the operating agreement;
(B) as the result of a transaction effective
(C) with the consent of all the members; or
(D) if, within 180 consecutive days after the
company ceases to have any members:
(i) the last person to have been a member,
or the legal representative of that person, designates a person to become a member; and
(ii) the designated person consents to
More than one person may be designated to become
a member under this clause (D).
(b) A person that acquires a distributional interest, but that does not become a member, has merely the rights of a transferee under Sections 30-5 and 30-10.
(c) A person may become a member without acquiring a distributional interest and without making or being obligated to make a contribution to the limited liability company.
(Source: P.A. 101-553, eff. 1-1-20
805 ILCS 180/10-5
(805 ILCS 180/10-5)
(Source: P.A. 87-1062. Repealed by P.A. 90-424, eff. 1-1-98.)
805 ILCS 180/10-10
(805 ILCS 180/10-10)
Liability of members and managers.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (d) of this Section, the
obligations, and liabilities of a limited liability company, whether arising in contract,
tort, or otherwise, are solely the debts, obligations, and liabilities of the
company. A member or manager is not personally liable
for a debt, obligation, or liability of the company solely
by reason of being or acting as a member or manager.
(a-5) Nothing in subsection (a) or subsection (d) limits the personal liability of a member or manager imposed under law other than this Act, including, but not limited to, agency, contract, and tort law.
The purpose of this subsection (a-5) is to overrule the interpretation of subsections (a) and (d) set forth in Dass v. Yale, 2013 IL App (1st) 122520, and Carollo v. Irwin, 2011 IL App (1st) 102765, and clarify that under existing law a member or manager of a limited liability company may be liable under law other than this Act for its own wrongful acts or omissions, even when acting or purporting to act on behalf of a limited liability company. This subsection is therefore intended to be applicable to actions with respect to which all timely appeals have not exhausted before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as well as to all actions commenced on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly.
(c) The failure of a limited liability company to observe the usual
company formalities or requirements relating to the exercise of its company
or management of its business is not a ground for imposing personal liability
on the members or managers for liabilities of the company.
(d) All or specified members of a limited liability company are liable in
their capacity as members for all or specified debts, obligations, or
liabilities of the company if:
(1) a provision to that effect is contained in the
articles of organization; and
(2) a member so liable has consented in writing to
the adoption of the provision or to be bound by the provision.
(Source: P.A. 101-553, eff. 1-1-20
805 ILCS 180/10-15
(805 ILCS 180/10-15)
Right of members and dissociated members to information.
(a) A company shall furnish information when any member demands it in a record concerning the company's activities, financial condition, and other circumstances of the company's business necessary to the proper exercise of a member's rights and duties under the operating agreement or this Act or that is otherwise material to the member's interest in the company, unless the company knows that the member already knows that information.
(b) The following rules apply when a member makes a demand for information under this Section:
(1) During regular business hours and at a
reasonable location and time specified by the company, a member may obtain from the company, inspect, and copy information for a purpose consistent with subsection (a).
(2) Within 10 days after receiving a demand pursuant
(A) the company shall provide the information
demanded or, in a record, a description of the information the company will provide, stating a reasonable time within which it will be provided and the place where it will be provided; and
(B) if the company declines to provide any
demanded information, the company shall state its reasons for declining to the member in a record.
(c) Whenever this Act or an operating agreement provides for a member to give or withhold consent to a matter, before the consent is given or withheld, the company shall, without demand, provide the member with all information that is known to the company that is material to the member's decision.
(d) Within 10 days after a demand made in a record received by the limited liability company, a dissociated member may have access to information to which the person was entitled while a member if the information pertains to the period during which the person was a member, and the person seeks the information in good faith for a purpose consistent with subsection (a). The company shall respond to a demand made pursuant to this subsection in the manner provided in subdivisions (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) of subsection (b).
(e) A limited liability company may charge a person that makes a demand under this Section the reasonable costs of copying, limited to the costs of labor and material.
(f) A member or dissociated member may exercise rights under this Section through an agent or, in the case of an individual under legal disability, a legal representative. Any restriction or condition imposed by the operating agreement or under subsection (h) applies both to the agent or legal representative and the member or dissociated member.
(g) The rights under this Section do not extend to a person as transferee.
(h) In addition to any restriction or condition stated in its operating agreement, the limited liability company, as a matter within the ordinary course of its activities, may impose reasonable restrictions and conditions on access to and use of information to be furnished under this Section including, but not limited to, the designation of information such as trade secrets or information subject to confidentiality agreements with third parties as confidential with appropriate nondisclosure and safeguarding obligations. In a dispute concerning the reasonableness of a restriction or designation under this subsection, the company has the burden of proving reasonableness.
(i) This Section does not limit or restrict the right to inspect and copy records as provided in subsection (b) of Section 1-40.
(j) If the company fails to provide any information required to be provided by this Section, the person entitled to the information may file an action to compel the company to provide the information and to obtain such other legal or equitable relief as may be proper. If the court finds that the company failed to comply with the requirements of this Section, the court may award the plaintiff its reasonable costs and attorney's fees incurred in bringing and prosecuting the action. The court may, in connection with any information described in subsection (h), impose such restrictions and conditions on access to and use of such information as it deems appropriate based on the reasonable needs of the company and the member in question.
(Source: P.A. 101-553, eff. 1-1-20