Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ESTATES
(755 ILCS 5/) Probate Act of 1975.

755 ILCS 5/11a-24

    (755 ILCS 5/11a-24)
    Sec. 11a-24. Notification; Department of State Police. When a court adjudges a respondent to be a person with a disability under this Article, the court shall direct the circuit court clerk to notify the Department of State Police, Firearm Owner's Identification (FOID) Office, in a form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police, and shall forward a copy of the court order to the Department no later than 7 days after the entry of the order. Upon receipt of the order, the Department of State Police shall provide notification to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
(Source: P.A. 98-63, eff. 7-9-13; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

755 ILCS 5/Art. XII

 
    (755 ILCS 5/Art. XII heading)
ARTICLE XII
BONDS - OATHS - ACCEPTANCE OF OFFICE

755 ILCS 5/12-1

    (755 ILCS 5/12-1) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-1)
    Sec. 12-1. Corporate representative - acceptance of office.) The bonds provided for in this Act, except appeal bonds, are not required of corporations qualified to administer trusts in this State. Before entering upon the performance of its duties, a corporate representative shall file in the court an acceptance of office.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-2

    (755 ILCS 5/12-2) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-2)
    Sec. 12-2. Individual representative; oath and bond.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), before undertaking the representative's duties, every individual representative shall take and file an oath or affirmation that the individual will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of the representative according to law and shall file in and have approved by the court a bond binding the individual representative so to do. The court may waive the filing of a bond of a representative of the person of a ward or of a standby guardian of a minor or person with a disability.
    (b) Where bond or security is excused by the will or as provided in subsection (b) of Section 12-4, the bond of the representative in the amount from time to time required under this Article shall be in full force and effect without writing, unless the court requires the filing of a written bond.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

755 ILCS 5/12-3

    (755 ILCS 5/12-3) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-3)
    Sec. 12-3. Surety.) Every bond provided for in this Article must have as security thereon not less than 2 sureties acceptable to the court or one surety company qualified to do business in this State and acceptable to the court.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-4

    (755 ILCS 5/12-4) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-4)
    Sec. 12-4. When security excused or specified.)
    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of Section 6-13 with respect to a nonresident executor, no security is required of a person who is excused by the will from giving bond or security and no greater security than is specified by the will is required, unless in either case the court, from its own knowledge or the suggestion of any interested person, has cause to suspect the representative of fraud or incompetence or believes that the estate of the decedent will not be sufficient to discharge all the claims against the estate, or in the case of a testamentary guardian of the estate, that the rights of the ward will be prejudiced by failure to give security.
    (b) If a person designates a guardian of his person or estate or both to be appointed in the event he is adjudged a person with a disability as provided in Section 11a-6 and excuses the guardian from giving bond or security, or if the guardian is the Office of State Guardian, the guardian's bond in the amount from time to time required under this Article shall be in full force and effect without writing, unless the court requires the filing of a written bond.
    (c) The Office of State Guardian shall not be required to have sureties or surety companies as security on its bonds. The oath and bond of the representative without surety shall be sufficient.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

755 ILCS 5/12-5

    (755 ILCS 5/12-5) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-5)
    Sec. 12-5. Amount of bond.) (a) The bond of a representative shall be for an amount not less than double the value of the personal estate if individuals act as sureties or if bond or security is excused, and not less than 1 1/2 times the value of the personal estate if a surety company acts as surety. If the representative takes possession of the decedent's or ward's real estate, the bond shall be for such additional amount as the court determines, having regard to the income from the real estate.
    (b) For the purpose of fixing the amount of the bond, a cause of action for wrongful death of the decedent or for personal injury to the ward is considered of the value of $500, but unless excused by the court from doing so, it is the duty of the representative to file in and have approved by the court a bond for an amount not less than double the amount likely to come into his hands as the proceeds of the judgment or settlement if individuals act as sureties and not less than 1 1/2 times the amount likely to come into his hands as the proceeds of the judgment or settlement if a surety company acts as surety.
(Source: P.A. 84-555; 84-690.)

755 ILCS 5/12-6

    (755 ILCS 5/12-6) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-6)
    Sec. 12-6. Waiver or reduction of bond of representative of ward in certain cases.) (a) If the primary purpose for the appointment of a representative of a ward is the sale of the ward's interest in real estate pursuant to Section 25-4, the court may waive the surety on the bond of the representative or may fix the amount of the bond in a sum less than $1,000.
    (b) If the primary purpose for the appointment of a representative of a ward is the proper expenditure of public assistance awarded to the ward under any Act of the General Assembly of this State, the court may waive the giving of a bond by the representative.
    (c) If (1) the primary purpose for the appointment of a representative of a ward is the collection, disbursement or administering of moneys awarded by the Veterans Administration to the ward, (2) the net value of the ward's estate does not exceed $500, including accrued unpaid benefits to be received, (3) the benefits to be received do not exceed $60 per month and (4) substantially all income will be required for the maintenance of the ward and his dependents, the court may waive the giving of bond by the representative or may fix the amount of the bond in a sum less than $500. If the bond has previously been filed, it may be released upon the conditions prescribed in this Section upon proper accounting after notice to the Veterans' Administration Regional Office. If a bond has been waived or nominal bond only required, an adequate bond as otherwise required by this Section shall be required whenever the value of the estate exceeds $500 or for other cause appearing to the court.
(Source: P.A. 79-328; 79-358; 79-1454.)

755 ILCS 5/12-7

    (755 ILCS 5/12-7) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-7)
    Sec. 12-7. Deposit in lieu or reduction of bond.) Upon petition of a representative and upon such notice as the court directs, the court may order the representative to deposit for safe-keeping with a corporation qualified to accept and execute trusts in this State such portion or all of the personal estate as the court deems proper, subject to the further order of the court, and that the bond of the representative be reduced so as to cover only the estate remaining in the possession or custody of the representative.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-8

    (755 ILCS 5/12-8) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-8)
    Sec. 12-8. Joint or several bonds.) (a) The court may permit a representative of the estates or persons of more than one ward to include his obligations to some or all in one bond.
    (b) When 2 or more persons are appointed representatives of the same estate or person, the court may take a separate bond with sureties from each or a joint bond with sureties from both or all.
(Source: P.A. 80-1415.)

755 ILCS 5/12-9

    (755 ILCS 5/12-9) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-9)
    Sec. 12-9. Additional bond for proceeds of sale or mortgage.) (a) Except as provided in subsection (d), at or before the entry of an order authorizing a representative to sell or mortgage real estate or any interest therein or to sell any oil, gas, coal or other mineral interest and before a representative sells or mortgages real estate or any interest therein pursuant to a power in the will or pursuant to subsection (i) of Section 28-8, the representative shall file a bond and have it approved by the court.
    (b) Where written additional bond is required, the bond shall identify the real estate or interest therein being sold or mortgaged.
    (c) The bond shall be for an amount not less than double the value of the personal estate likely to come into the hands of the representative as proceeds of the sale or mortgage if individuals act as sureties and not less than 1 1/2 times that value if a surety company acts as surety; but in case of the sale of any oil, gas, coal or other mineral interest upon a royalty basis and not for a lump sum, and except as provided in subsection (d), the bond prescribed in this Section shall be for such an amount as the court directs.
    (d) Where bond or security by the representative is excused by the will, the bond of the representative shall be increased without writing by double the value of the personal estate coming from time to time into the hands of the representative from the proceeds of such sale or mortgage, unless the court requires the filing of a written additional bond.
(Source: P.A. 84-555; 84-690.)

755 ILCS 5/12-10

    (755 ILCS 5/12-10) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-10)
    Sec. 12-10. Further bond or security.) (a) If letters are issued to a representative without his giving sufficient bond or security or if his bond or the security therefor becomes excessive or insufficient in the judgment of the court, it may on petition of any interested person or on its own motion require the representative to give a proper bond or security.
    (b) At each accounting of a representative other than the final accounting, it is the duty of the court to inquire into the sufficiency of the security and of the bond.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-11

    (755 ILCS 5/12-11) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-11)
    Sec. 12-11. Counter security - release of surety.) (a) If the court believes a representative to be insolvent or in doubtful circumstances, upon petition of the surety on his bond, the court may require the representative to give counter security to his surety.
    (b) If a representative or the surety on his bond petitions the court to have the surety released from further liability on the bond, except for good cause shown the court shall require the representative within a reasonable time to be fixed by the court to settle his accounts and to give a new bond in such amount and security as may be approved by the court.
    (c) Notice of hearing on the account shall be given as provided by this Act for the hearing on final accounts. Upon approval by the court of the account and of the new bond the surety on the old bond is discharged from all further liability.
    (d) If a representative fails to pay the annual bond premium within 120 days of the date he has received notice from the surety company that the premium is due and owing, the surety company may elect to terminate its liability on the bond by notifying the representative and his attorney, if any, and all interested parties that liability on the bond shall cease 60 days after the date of said notice which shall be given by certified mail and a copy thereof shall be filed with the Court forthwith. If payment is not made within the required time, the terminating surety shall by motion notify the court of its election to terminate and shall give notice of such motion to the representative and all interested parties. The court shall then require the representative to give a new bond in such amount and with such security as it may require.
(Source: P.A. 83-859.)

755 ILCS 5/12-12

    (755 ILCS 5/12-12) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-12)
    Sec. 12-12. Notice to representative of action on bond - answer.) Unless the representative is before the court in person or by his attorney, he is entitled to such reasonable notice of any contemplated action of the court to require sufficient bond or security or counter security or to release a surety on his bond as the court may provide and he may file an answer setting up any reasons he may have why the court should not take such action.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-13

    (755 ILCS 5/12-13) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-13)
    Sec. 12-13. New or additional bond.) A new or additional bond, other than an additional bond for the sale or mortgage of real estate, must be signed, approved and filed in the same manner as other bonds of representatives and relates back to the date of the issuance of the letters.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)

755 ILCS 5/12-14

    (755 ILCS 5/12-14) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 12-14)
    Sec. 12-14. Bond on appeal.) A bond of a representative on appeal from the order or judgment of any court must be in the form prescribed by law in other civil cases, except that the bond of a representative of a decedent's estate must be conditioned to pay the judgment with costs in due course of administration and the bond of a representative of a ward's estate must be conditioned to pay the judgment with costs as he has funds therefor.
(Source: P.A. 79-328.)