Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/5-102

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-102)
    Sec. 5-102. Used vehicle dealers must be licensed.
    (a) No person, other than a licensed new vehicle dealer, shall engage in the business of selling or dealing in, on consignment or otherwise, 5 or more used vehicles of any make during the year (except house trailers as authorized by paragraph (j) of this Section and rebuilt salvage vehicles sold by their rebuilders to persons licensed under this Chapter), or act as an intermediary, agent or broker for any licensed dealer or vehicle purchaser (other than as a salesperson) or represent or advertise that he is so engaged or intends to so engage in such business unless licensed to do so by the Secretary of State under the provisions of this Section.
    (b) An application for a used vehicle dealer's license shall be filed with the Secretary of State, duly verified by oath, in such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe and shall contain:
        1. The name and type of business organization
    
established and additional places of business, if any, in this State.
        2. If the applicant is a corporation, a list of its
    
officers, directors, and shareholders having a ten percent or greater ownership interest in the corporation, setting forth the residence address of each; if the applicant is a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association, a trust, or any similar form of business organization, the names and residence address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee or manager.
        3. A statement that the applicant has been approved
    
for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act by the Department of Revenue. However, this requirement does not apply to a dealer who is already licensed hereunder with the Secretary of State, and who is merely applying for a renewal of his license. As evidence of this fact, the application shall be accompanied by a certification from the Department of Revenue showing that the Department has approved the applicant for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        4. A statement that the applicant has complied with
    
the appropriate liability insurance requirement. A Certificate of Insurance in a solvent company authorized to do business in the State of Illinois shall be included with each application covering each location at which he proposes to act as a used vehicle dealer. The policy must provide liability coverage in the minimum amounts of $100,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, two or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property. Such policy shall expire not sooner than December 31 of the year for which the license was issued or renewed. The expiration of the insurance policy shall not terminate the liability under the policy arising during the period for which the policy was filed. Trailer and mobile home dealers are exempt from this requirement.
        If the permitted user has a liability insurance
    
policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, then the permitted user's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the dealer's insurer shall be the secondary insurer. If the permitted user does not have a liability insurance policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, or does not have any insurance at all, then the dealer's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the permitted user's insurer shall be the secondary insurer.
        When a permitted user is "test driving" a used
    
vehicle dealer's automobile, the used vehicle dealer's insurance shall be primary and the permitted user's insurance shall be secondary.
        As used in this paragraph 4, a "permitted user" is a
    
person who, with the permission of the used vehicle dealer or an employee of the used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by the used vehicle dealer which the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle. The term "permitted user" also includes a person who, with the permission of the used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the used vehicle dealer for loaner purposes while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        As used in this paragraph 4, "test driving" occurs
    
when a permitted user who, with the permission of the used vehicle dealer or an employee of the used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by a used vehicle dealer that the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle.
        As used in this paragraph 4, "loaner purposes" means
    
when a person who, with the permission of the used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the used vehicle dealer while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        5. An application for a used vehicle dealer's license
    
shall be accompanied by the following license fees:
            (A) $1,000 for applicant's established place of
        
business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; however, if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the license fee shall be $500 for applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. License fees shall be returnable only in the event that the application is denied by the Secretary of State. Of the money received by the Secretary of State as license fees under this subparagraph (A) for the 2004 licensing year and thereafter, 95% shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund.
            (B) Except for dealers selling 25 or fewer
        
automobiles or as provided in subsection (h) of Section 5-102.7 of this Code, an Annual Dealer Recovery Fund Fee in the amount of $500 for the applicant's established place of business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; but if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the fee shall be $250 for the applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. For a license renewal application, the fee shall be based on the amount of automobiles sold in the past year according to the following formula:
                (1) $0 for dealers selling 25 or less
            
automobiles;
                (2) $150 for dealers selling more than 25 but
            
less than 200 automobiles;
                (3) $300 for dealers selling 200 or more
            
automobiles but less than 300 automobiles; and
                (4) $500 for dealers selling 300 or more
            
automobiles.
            License fees shall be returnable only in the
        
event that the application is denied by the Secretary of State. Moneys received under this subparagraph (B) shall be deposited into the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund.
        6. A statement that the applicant's officers,
    
directors, shareholders having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager or other principals in the business have not committed in the past 3 years any one violation as determined in any civil, criminal or administrative proceedings of any one of the following Acts:
            (A) The Anti-Theft Laws of the Illinois Vehicle
        
Code;
            (B) The Certificate of Title Laws of the Illinois
        
Vehicle Code;
            (C) The Offenses against Registration and
        
Certificates of Title Laws of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
            (D) The Dealers, Transporters, Wreckers and
        
Rebuilders Laws of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
            (E) Section 21-2 of the Illinois Criminal Code of
        
1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Criminal Trespass to Vehicles; or
            (F) The Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        7. A statement that the applicant's officers,
    
directors, shareholders having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager or other principals in the business have not committed in any calendar year 3 or more violations, as determined in any civil or criminal or administrative proceedings, of any one or more of the following Acts:
            (A) The Consumer Finance Act;
            (B) The Consumer Installment Loan Act;
            (C) The Retail Installment Sales Act;
            (D) The Motor Vehicle Retail Installment Sales
        
Act;
            (E) The Interest Act;
            (F) The Illinois Wage Assignment Act;
            (G) Part 8 of Article XII of the Code of Civil
        
Procedure; or
            (H) The Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business
        
Practices Act.
        7.5. A statement that, within 10 years of
    
application, each officer, director, shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed, as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding, in any calendar year one or more forcible felonies under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 2012, Article 29B of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a similar out-of-state offense. For the purposes of this paragraph, "forcible felony" has the meaning provided in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
        8. A bond or Certificate of Deposit in the amount of
    
$50,000 for each location at which the applicant intends to act as a used vehicle dealer. The bond shall be for the term of the license, or its renewal, for which application is made, and shall expire not sooner than December 31 of the year for which the license was issued or renewed. The bond shall run to the People of the State of Illinois, with surety by a bonding or insurance company authorized to do business in this State. It shall be conditioned upon the proper transmittal of all title and registration fees and taxes (excluding taxes under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act) accepted by the applicant as a used vehicle dealer.
        9. Such other information concerning the business of
    
the applicant as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe.
        10. A statement that the applicant understands
    
Chapter 1 through Chapter 5 of this Code.
        11. A copy of the certification from the prelicensing
    
education program.
    (c) Any change which renders no longer accurate any information contained in any application for a used vehicle dealer's license shall be amended within 30 days after the occurrence of each change on such form as the Secretary of State may prescribe by rule or regulation, accompanied by an amendatory fee of $2.
    (d) Anything in this Chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, no person shall be licensed as a used vehicle dealer unless such person maintains an established place of business as defined in this Chapter.
    (e) The Secretary of State shall, within a reasonable time after receipt, examine an application submitted to him under this Section. Unless the Secretary makes a determination that the application submitted to him does not conform to this Section or that grounds exist for a denial of the application under Section 5-501 of this Chapter, he must grant the applicant an original used vehicle dealer's license in writing for his established place of business and a supplemental license in writing for each additional place of business in such form as he may prescribe by rule or regulation which shall include the following:
        1. The name of the person licensed;
        2. If a corporation, the name and address of its
    
officers or if a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association or any similar form of business organization, the name and address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee or manager;
        3. In case of an original license, the established
    
place of business of the licensee;
        4. In the case of a supplemental license, the
    
established place of business of the licensee and the additional place of business to which such supplemental license pertains.
    (f) The appropriate instrument evidencing the license or a certified copy thereof, provided by the Secretary of State shall be kept posted, conspicuously, in the established place of business of the licensee and in each additional place of business, if any, maintained by such licensee.
    (g) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this Section, all used vehicle dealer's licenses granted under this Section expire by operation of law on December 31 of the calendar year for which they are granted unless sooner revoked or cancelled under Section 5-501 of this Chapter.
    (h) A used vehicle dealer's license may be renewed upon application and payment of the fee required herein, and submission of proof of coverage by an approved bond under the "Retailers' Occupation Tax Act" or proof that applicant is not subject to such bonding requirements, as in the case of an original license, but in case an application for the renewal of an effective license is made during the month of December, the effective license shall remain in force until the application for renewal is granted or denied by the Secretary of State.
    (i) All persons licensed as a used vehicle dealer are required to furnish each purchaser of a motor vehicle:
        1. A certificate of title properly assigned to the
    
purchaser;
        2. A statement verified under oath that all
    
identifying numbers on the vehicle agree with those on the certificate of title;
        3. A bill of sale properly executed on behalf of such
    
person;
        4. A copy of the Uniform Invoice-transaction
    
reporting return referred to in Section 5-402 of this Chapter;
        5. In the case of a rebuilt vehicle, a copy of the
    
Disclosure of Rebuilt Vehicle Status; and
        6. In the case of a vehicle for which the warranty
    
has been reinstated, a copy of the warranty.
    (j) A real estate broker holding a valid certificate of registration issued pursuant to "The Real Estate Brokers and Salesmen License Act" may engage in the business of selling or dealing in house trailers not his own without being licensed as a used vehicle dealer under this Section; however such broker shall maintain a record of the transaction including the following:
        (1) the name and address of the buyer and seller,
        (2) the date of sale,
        (3) a description of the mobile home, including the
    
vehicle identification number, make, model, and year, and
        (4) the Illinois certificate of title number.
    The foregoing records shall be available for inspection by any officer of the Secretary of State's Office at any reasonable hour.
    (k) Except at the time of sale or repossession of the vehicle, no person licensed as a used vehicle dealer may issue any other person a newly created key to a vehicle unless the used vehicle dealer makes a color photocopy or electronic scan of the driver's license or State identification card of the person requesting or obtaining the newly created key. The used vehicle dealer must retain the photocopy or scan for 30 days.
    A used vehicle dealer who violates this subsection (k) is guilty of a petty offense. Violation of this subsection (k) is not cause to suspend, revoke, cancel, or deny renewal of the used vehicle dealer's license.
    (l) Used vehicle dealers licensed under this Section shall provide the Secretary of State a register for the sale at auction of each salvage or junk certificate vehicle. Each register shall include the following information:
        1. The year, make, model, style and color of the
    
vehicle;
        2. The vehicle's manufacturer's identification number
    
or, if applicable, the Secretary of State or Illinois Department of State Police identification number;
        3. The date of acquisition of the vehicle;
        4. The name and address of the person from whom the
    
vehicle was acquired;
        5. The name and address of the person to whom any
    
vehicle was disposed, the person's Illinois license number or if the person is an out-of-state salvage vehicle buyer, the license number from the state or jurisdiction where the buyer is licensed; and
        6. The purchase price of the vehicle.
    The register shall be submitted to the Secretary of State via written or electronic means within 10 calendar days from the date of the auction.
(Source: P.A. 100-450, eff. 1-1-18; 100-956, eff. 1-1-19; 101-505, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/5-102.1

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-102.1)
    Sec. 5-102.1. Permits for off site sales and exhibitions.
    (a) A licensed new or used motor vehicle dealer licensed under Section 5-101 or 5-102 shall not engage in any off site sale without an off site sale permit issued by the Secretary under this Section.
    The Secretary shall issue an off site sale permit to a dealer if:
        (1) an application therefor is received by the
    
Secretary prior to the beginning date of the proposed off site sale, accompanied by a fee of $25;
        (2) the applicant is a licensed new vehicle dealer or
    
used vehicle dealer in good standing; and
        (3) the Secretary determines that the proposed off
    
site sale will conform with the requirements imposed by law.
    However, in no event shall an off site sale permit be issued to any licensed new or used vehicle dealer for any off site sale to be conducted outside that dealer's relevant market area, as that term is defined in this Chapter, except that this restriction shall not apply to off site sales of motor homes or recreational vehicles.
    The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to self-contained motor homes, mini motor homes, van campers, and recreational trailers, including trailers designed and used to transport vessels or watercraft.
    An off site sale permit does not authorize the sale of vehicles on a Sunday.
    (b) Only a new or used vehicle dealer licensed under Section 5-101 or 5-102 may participate in a display exhibition and shall obtain a display exhibition permit issued by the Secretary under this Section.
    The Secretary shall issue a display exhibition permit to a dealer if:
        (1) an application therefor is received by the
    
Secretary prior to the beginning date of the proposed exhibition, accompanied by a fee of $10;
        (2) the applicant is a licensed new vehicle dealer or
    
used vehicle dealer in good standing; and
        (3) the Secretary determines that the proposed
    
exhibition will conform with the requirements imposed by law.
    A display exhibition permit shall be valid for a period of no longer than 30 days.
    (c) A licensed new or used motor vehicle dealer under Section 5-101 or 5-102, or any other person as defined in this Section, may participate in a trade show exhibition and must obtain a trade show exhibition permit issued by the Secretary under this Section.
    The Secretary shall issue a trade show exhibition permit if:
        (1) an application is received by the Secretary
    
before the beginning date of the proposed trade show exhibition, accompanied by a fee of $10;
        (2) the applicant is a licensed new vehicle dealer or
    
used vehicle dealer in good standing; and
        (3) the Secretary determines that the proposed trade
    
show exhibition shall conform with the requirements imposed by law.
    A trade show exhibition permit shall be valid for a period of no longer than 30 days.
    The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to self-contained motor homes, mini motor homes, van campers, and recreational trailers, including trailers designed and used to transport vessels or watercraft.
    The term "any other person" shall mean new or used vehicle dealers licensed by other states; provided however, a trade show exhibition of new vehicles shall only be participated in by licensed new vehicle dealers, at least 2 of which must be licensed under Section 5-101.
    (d) An Illinois or out-of-state licensed new or used trailer dealer, manufactured home dealer, motor home dealer, mini motor home dealer, or van camper dealer shall not engage in any off site sale or trade show exhibition without first acquiring a permit issued by the Secretary under this subsection. However, the provisions of this Section shall not apply to a licensed trailer dealer selling a mobile home or manufactured housing, as defined in the Illinois Manufactured Housing and Mobile Home Safety Act, if the manufactured housing or mobile home has utilities permanently attached. The Secretary shall issue a permit to an Illinois dealer if:
        (1) an application is received by the Secretary
    
before the beginning date of the proposed off site sale or trade show exhibition, accompanied by a fee of $25;
        (2) the applicant is a licensed new or used vehicle
    
dealer in good standing; and
        (3) the Secretary determines that the proposed off
    
site sale or trade show exhibition will conform with the requirements imposed by law.
    The Secretary shall issue a permit to an out-of-state dealer if the requirements of subdivisions (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection (d) are met and at least 2 licensed Illinois dealers will participate in the off site sale or trade show exhibition.
    A permit issued pursuant to this subsection shall allow for the sale of vehicles at either an off site sale or at a trade show exhibition. The permit shall be valid for a period not to exceed 30 days.
    (e) The Secretary of State may adopt rules regulating the conduct of off site sales and exhibitions, and governing the issuance and enforcement of the permits authorized under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 90-718, eff. 1-1-99; 90-774, eff. 8-14-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

625 ILCS 5/5-102.5

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102.5)
    Sec. 5-102.5. Used vehicle dealer prelicensing education program courses.
    (a) An applicant for a license as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer under Section 5-102.8 or a used vehicle dealer shall complete a minimum of 8 hours of prelicensing education program courses pursuant to this Section prior to submitting an application to the Secretary of State.
    (b) To meet the requirements of this Section, at least one individual who is associated with the used vehicle dealer or Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer as an owner, principal, corporate officer, director, or member or partner of a limited liability company or limited liability partnership shall complete the education program courses.
    (c) The education program courses shall be provided by public or private entities with an expertise in the area as approved by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State must approve course curricula and instruction, in consultation with the Illinois Department of Transportation and any private entity with expertise in the area in the Secretary of State's discretion.
    (d) Each person who successfully completes an approved prelicensing education program under this Section shall be issued a certificate by the education program provider of the course. The current certificate of completion, or a copy of the certificate, shall be posted conspicuously in the principal office of the licensee.
    (e) The provisions of this Section apply to all Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealers under Section 5-1028 or used vehicle dealers including, but not limited to, individuals, corporations, and partnerships, except for the following:
        (1) Motor vehicle rental companies having a national
    
franchise;
        (2) National motor vehicle auction companies;
        (3) Wholesale dealer-only auction companies;
        (4) Used vehicle dealerships owned by a franchise
    
motor vehicle dealer; and
        (5) Banks, credit unions, and savings and loan
    
associations.
(Source: P.A. 101-505, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/5-102.7

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102.7)
    Sec. 5-102.7. Dealer Recovery Trust Fund.
    (a) The General Assembly finds that motor vehicle dealers that go out of business without fulfilling agreements to pay off the balance of their customers' liens on traded-in vehicles cause financial harm to those customers by leaving those customers liable for multiple vehicle loans and cause harm to the integrity of the motor vehicle retailing industry. It is the intent of the General Assembly to protect vehicle purchasers by creating a Dealer Recovery Trust Fund to reimburse these consumers.
    (b) The Dealer Recovery Trust Fund shall be used solely for the limited purpose of helping victims of dealership closings. Any interest accrued by moneys in the Fund shall be deposited and become part of the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund and its purpose. The sole beneficiaries of the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund are victims of dealership closings.
    (c) Except where the context otherwise requires, the following words and phrases, when used in this Section, have the meanings ascribed to them in this subsection (c):
    "Applicant" means a person who applies for reimbursement from the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund Board.
    "Board" means the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund Board created under this Section.
    "Dealer" means a new vehicle dealer licensed under Section 5-101, a used vehicle dealer licensed under Section 5-102, or a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer licensed under 5-102.8, excepting a dealer who primarily sells mobile homes, recreational vehicles, or trailers.
    "Fund" means the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund created under this Section.
    "Fund Administrator" means the private entity, which shall be appointed by the Board, that administers the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund.
    (d) Beginning October 1, 2011, each application or renewal for a new vehicle dealer's license and each application or renewal for a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer licensed under 5-102.8 or a used vehicle dealer's license shall be accompanied by the applicable Annual Dealer Recovery Fund Fee under Section 5-101 or 5-102 of this Code. The fee shall be in addition to any other fees imposed under this Article, shall be submitted at the same time an application or renewal for a new vehicle dealer's license, used vehicle dealer's license, or Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer is submitted, and shall be made payable to and remitted directly to the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund, a trust fund outside of the State Treasury which is hereby created. In addition, the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund may accept any federal, State, or private moneys for deposit into the Fund.
    (e) The Fund Administrator shall maintain a list of all dealers who have paid the fee under subsection (d) of this Section for the current year, which shall be available to the Secretary of State and the Board. The Secretary of State shall revoke the dealer license of any dealer who does not pay the fee imposed under subsection (d) of this Section. The Secretary of State and the Fund Administrator may enter into information sharing agreements as needed to implement this Section.
    (f) The Fund shall be audited annually by an independent auditor who is a certified public accountant and who has been selected by the Board. The independent auditor shall compile an annual report, which shall be filed with the Board and shall be a public record. The auditor shall be paid by the Fund, pursuant to an order of the Board.
    (g) The Fund shall be maintained by the Fund Administrator, who shall keep current records of the amounts deposited into the Fund and the amounts paid out of the Fund pursuant to an order of the Board. These records shall be made available to all members of the Board upon reasonable request during normal business hours. The Fund Administrator shall report the balance in the Fund to the Board monthly, by the 15th day of each month. For purposes of determining the amount available to pay claims under this Section at any meeting of the Board, the Board shall use the Fund Administrator's most recent monthly report. The Fund Administrator shall purchase liability insurance to cover management of the Fund at a cost not to exceed 2% of the balance in the Fund as of January 15th of that year.
    (h) In any year for which the balance in the Fund as of August 31st is greater than $3,500,000, the Fund Administrator shall notify the Secretary of State and the Secretary of State shall suspend collection of the fee for the following year for any dealer who has not had a claim paid from the Fund, has not had his or her license suspended or revoked, and has not been assessed any civil penalties under this Code during the 3 previous years.
    (i) Moneys in the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund may be paid from the Fund only as directed by a written order of the Board and used only for the following purposes:
        (i) to pay claims under a written order of the Board
    
as provided in this Section; or
        (ii) to reimburse the Fund Administrator for its
    
expenses related to the administration of the Fund, provided that the reimbursement to the Fund Administrator in any year shall not exceed 2% of the balance in the Fund as of January 15th of that year.
    (j) The Dealer Recovery Trust Fund Board is hereby created. The Board shall consist of the Secretary of State, or his or her designee, who shall serve as chair, the Attorney General, or his or her designee, who shall serve as secretary, and one person alternatively representing new and independent Illinois automobile dealers, selected collectively by the Attorney General, or his or her designee, and the Secretary of State, or his or her designee. The Secretary of State may propose procedures and employ personnel as necessary to implement this Section. The Board shall meet quarterly, and as needed, as directed by the chair. The Board may not pay out any claims before the balance deposited into the Fund exceeds $500,000. Board meetings shall be open to the public. The Board has the authority to take any action by at least a two-thirds majority vote.
    (k) The following persons may apply to the Board for reimbursement from the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund:
        (i) A retail customer who, on or after October 1,
    
2011, purchases a vehicle from a dealer who subsequently files for bankruptcy or whose vehicle dealer's license is subsequently revoked by the Secretary of State or otherwise terminated and, as part of the purchase transaction, trades in a vehicle with an outstanding lien to the dealer if lien satisfaction was a condition of the purchase agreement and the retail customer determines that the lien has not been satisfied;
        (ii) A retail customer who, on or after October 1,
    
2011, purchases a vehicle with an undisclosed lien from a dealer who subsequently files for bankruptcy or whose vehicle dealer's license is subsequently revoked by the Secretary of State or otherwise terminated;
        (iii) A dealer who, on or after October 1, 2011,
    
purchases a vehicle with an undisclosed lien from another dealer who subsequently files for bankruptcy or whose vehicle dealer's license is subsequently revoked by the Secretary of State or otherwise terminated.
    (l) To be considered by the Board, an applicant must submit his or her claim to the Board within 2 years after the date of the transaction that gave rise to the claim.
    (m) At each meeting of the Board, it shall consider all claims that are properly submitted to it on forms prescribed by the Secretary of State at least 30 days before the date of the Board's meeting. Before the Board may consider a claim against a dealer, it must make a written determination that the dealer has filed for bankruptcy under the provisions of 11 U.S.C. Chapter 7; that the Secretary of State has revoked his or her dealer's license; or that the license has been otherwise terminated. Once the Board has made this determination, it may consider the applicant's claim against the dealer. If a two-thirds majority of the Board determines that the dealer has committed a violation under subsection (k), it shall grant the applicant's claim. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the maximum amount of any award for a claim under paragraph (i) of subsection (k) of this Section shall be equal to the amount of the unpaid balance of the lien that the dealer agreed to pay off on behalf of the applicant as shown on the bill of sale or the retail installment sales contract. The maximum amount of any claim under paragraph (ii) or (iii) of subsection (k) of this Section shall be equal to the amount of the undisclosed lien. However, no award for a claim under subsection (k) of this Section shall exceed $35,000.
    (n) If the balance in the Fund at the time of any Board meeting is less than the amount of the total amount of all claims awarded at that meeting, then all awards made at that meeting shall be reduced, pro rata, so that the amount of claims does not exceed the balance in the Fund. Before it reviews new claims, the Board shall issue written orders to pay the remaining portion of any claims that were so reduced, provided that the balance in the Fund is sufficient to pay those claims.
    (o) Whenever the balance of the Fund falls below $500,000, the Board may charge dealers an additional assessment of up to $50 to bring the balance to at least $500,000. Not more than one additional assessment may be made against a dealer in any 12-month period.
    (p) If the total amount of claims awarded against any dealer exceeds 33% of the balance in the Fund, the Board may permanently reduce the amount of those claims, pro rata, so that those claims do not exceed 33% of the balance in the Fund.
    (q) The Board shall issue a written order directing the Fund Administrator to pay an applicant's claim to a secured party where the Board has received a signed agreement between the applicant and the secured party holding the lien. The agreement must (i) state that the applicant and the secured party agree to accept payment from the Fund to the secured party as settlement in full of all claims against the dealer; and (ii) release the lien and the title, if applicable, to the vehicle that was the subject of the claim. The written order shall state the amount of the claim and the name and address of the secured party to whom the claim shall be paid. The Fund Administrator shall pay the claim within 30 days after it receives the Board's order.
    (r) No dealer or principal associated with a dealer's license is eligible for licensure, renewal or relicensure until the full amount of reimbursement for an unpaid claim, plus interest as determined by the Board, is paid to the Fund. Nothing in this Section shall limit the authority of the Secretary of State to suspend, revoke, or levy civil penalties against a dealer, nor shall full repayment of the amount owed to the Fund nullify or modify the effect of any action by the Secretary.
    (s) Nothing in this Section shall limit the right of any person to seek relief though civil action against any other person as an alternative to seeking reimbursement from the Fund.
(Source: P.A. 101-505, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/5-102.8

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102.8)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-154)
    Sec. 5-102.8. Licensure of Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealers.
    (a) As used in this Section, "Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer" means any entity that engages in the business of selling or leasing of vehicles and finances the sale or purchase price of the vehicle to a customer without the customer using a third-party lender.
    (b) No person shall engage in the business of selling or dealing in, on consignment or otherwise, 5 or more used vehicles of any make during the year (except rebuilt salvage vehicles sold by their rebuilders to persons licensed under this Chapter), or act as an intermediary, agent, or broker for any licensed dealer or vehicle purchaser (other than as a salesperson) or represent or advertise that he or she is so engaged or intends to so engage in such business of a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer unless licensed to do so by the Secretary of State under the provisions of this Section.
    (c) An application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license shall be filed with the Secretary of State, duly verified by oath, in such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe and shall contain:
        (1) The name and type of business organization
    
established and additional places of business, if any, in this State.
        (2) If the applicant is a corporation, a list of its
    
officers, directors, and shareholders having a 10% or greater ownership interest in the corporation, setting forth the residence address of each; if the applicant is a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association, a trust, or any similar form of business organization, the names and residence address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee, or manager.
        (3) A statement that the applicant has been approved
    
for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act by the Department of Revenue. However, this requirement does not apply to a dealer who is already licensed hereunder with the Secretary of State, and who is merely applying for a renewal of his or her license. As evidence of this fact, the application shall be accompanied by a certification from the Department of Revenue showing that the Department has approved the applicant for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        (4) A statement that the applicant has complied with
    
the appropriate liability insurance requirement. A Certificate of Insurance in a solvent company authorized to do business in the State of Illinois shall be included with each application covering each location at which he or she proposes to act as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer. The policy must provide liability coverage in the minimum amounts of $100,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property. Such policy shall expire not sooner than December 31 of the year for which the license was issued or renewed. The expiration of the insurance policy shall not terminate the liability under the policy arising during the period for which the policy was filed.
        If the permitted user has a liability insurance
    
policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, then the permitted user's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the dealer's insurer shall be the secondary insurer. If the permitted user does not have a liability insurance policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, or does not have any insurance at all, then the dealer's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the permitted user's insurer shall be the secondary insurer.
        When a permitted user is "test driving" a Buy Here,
    
Pay Here used vehicle dealer's automobile, the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's insurance shall be primary and the permitted user's insurance shall be secondary.
        As used in this paragraph, "permitted user" means a
    
person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer or an employee of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer that the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle. "Permitted user" includes a person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer for loaner purposes while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        As used in this paragraph, "test driving" occurs when
    
a permitted user who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer or an employee of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer that the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle.
        As used in this paragraph, "loaner purposes" means
    
when a person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the used vehicle dealer while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        (5) An application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used
    
vehicle dealer's license shall be accompanied by the following license fees:
            (A) $1,000 for the applicant's established place
        
of business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; however, if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the license fee shall be $500 for the applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. License fees shall be returnable only if the application is denied by the Secretary of State. Of the money received by the Secretary of State as license fees under this subparagraph, 95% shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund.
            (B) Except for dealers selling 25 or fewer
        
automobiles or as provided in subsection (h) of Section 5-102.7 of this Code, an Annual Dealer Recovery Fund Fee in the amount of $500 for the applicant's established place of business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; but if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the fee shall be $250 for the applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. For a license renewal application, the fee shall be based on the amount of automobiles sold in the past year according to the following formula:
                (1) $0 for dealers selling 25 or less
            
automobiles;
                (2) $150 for dealers selling more than 25 but
            
less than 200 automobiles;
                (3) $300 for dealers selling 200 or more
            
automobiles but less than 300 automobiles; and
                (4) $500 for dealers selling 300 or more
            
automobiles.
            Fees shall be returnable only if the application
        
is denied by the Secretary of State. Money received under this subparagraph shall be deposited into the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund. A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer shall pay into the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund for every vehicle that is financed, sold, or otherwise transferred to an individual or entity other than the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer even if the individual or entity to which the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer transfers the vehicle is unable to continue to adhere to the terms of the transaction by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer.
        (6) A statement that each officer, director,
    
shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed in the past 3 years any one violation as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceedings of any one of the following:
            (A) the Anti-Theft Laws of this Code;
            (B) the Certificate of Title Laws of this Code;
            (C) the Offenses against Registration and
        
Certificates of Title Laws of this Code;
            (D) the Dealers, Transporters, Wreckers and
        
Rebuilders Laws of this Code;
            (E) Section 21-2 of the Illinois Criminal Code of
        
1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Criminal Trespass to Vehicles; or
            (F) the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        (7) A statement that each officer, director,
    
shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed in any calendar year 3 or more violations, as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceedings, of any one or more of the following:
            (A) the Consumer Finance Act;
            (B) the Consumer Installment Loan Act;
            (C) the Retail Installment Sales Act;
            (D) the Motor Vehicle Retail Installment Sales
        
Act;
            (E) the Interest Act;
            (F) the Illinois Wage Assignment Act;
            (G) Part 8 of Article XII of the Code of Civil
        
Procedure; or
            (H) the Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business
        
Practices Act.
        (8) A statement that, within 10 years of application,
    
each officer, director, shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed, as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding, in any calendar year one or more forcible felonies under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 1961, or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 2012, Article 29B of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a similar out-of-state offense. For the purposes of this paragraph, "forcible felony" has the meaning provided in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (9) A bond or Certificate of Deposit in the amount of
    
$50,000 for each location at which the applicant intends to act as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer. The bond shall be for the term of the license. The bond shall run to the People of the State of Illinois, with surety by a bonding or insurance company authorized to do business in this State. It shall be conditioned upon the proper transmittal of all title and registration fees and taxes (excluding taxes under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act) accepted by the applicant as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer.
        (10) Such other information concerning the business
    
of the applicant as the Secretary of State may by rule prescribe.
        (11) A statement that the applicant understands
    
Chapter 1 through Chapter 5 of this Code.
        (12) A copy of the certification from the
    
prelicensing education program.
    (d) Any change that renders no longer accurate any information contained in any application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license shall be amended within 30 days after the occurrence of each change on such form as the Secretary of State may prescribe by rule, accompanied by an amendatory fee of $2.
    (e) Anything in this Chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, no person shall be licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer unless the person maintains an established place of business as defined in this Chapter.
    (f) The Secretary of State shall, within a reasonable time after receipt, examine an application submitted under this Section. Unless the Secretary makes a determination that the application does not conform to this Section or that grounds exist for a denial of the application under Section 5-501 of this Chapter, the Secretary must grant the applicant an original Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license in writing for his or her established place of business and a supplemental license in writing for each additional place of business in such form as the Secretary may prescribe by rule that shall include the following:
        (1) The name of the person licensed.
        (2) If a corporation, the name and address of its
    
officers or if a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association, or any similar form of business organization, the name and address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee, or manager.
        (3) In the case of an original license, the
    
established place of business of the licensee.
        (4) In the case of a supplemental license, the
    
established place of business of the licensee and the additional place of business to which the supplemental license pertains.
    (g) The appropriate instrument evidencing the license or a certified copy thereof, provided by the Secretary of State shall be kept posted, conspicuously, in the established place of business of the licensee and in each additional place of business, if any, maintained by the licensee.
    (h) Except as provided in subsection (i), all Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's licenses granted under this Section expire by operation of law on December 31 of the calendar year for which they are granted unless sooner revoked or cancelled under Section 5-501 of this Chapter.
    (i) A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license may be renewed upon application and payment of the fee required herein, and submission of proof of coverage by an approved bond under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act or proof that the applicant is not subject to such bonding requirements, as in the case of an original license, but in the case of an application for the renewal of an effective license made during the month of December, the effective license shall remain in force until the application for renewal is granted or denied by the Secretary of State.
    (j) Each person licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer is required to furnish each purchaser of a motor vehicle:
        (1) a certificate of title properly assigned to the
    
purchaser;
        (2) a statement verified under oath that all
    
identifying numbers on the vehicle agree with those on the certificate of title;
        (3) a bill of sale properly executed on behalf of the
    
person;
        (4) a copy of the Uniform Invoice-transaction
    
reporting return referred to in Section 5-402;
        (5) in the case of a rebuilt vehicle, a copy of the
    
Disclosure of Rebuilt Vehicle Status; and
        (6) in the case of a vehicle for which the warranty
    
has been reinstated, a copy of the warranty.
    (k) Except at the time of sale or repossession of the vehicle, no person licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer may issue any other person a newly created key to a vehicle unless the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer makes a color photocopy or electronic scan of the driver's license or State identification card of the person requesting or obtaining the newly created key. The Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer must retain the photocopy or scan for 30 days.
    A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer who violates this subsection (k) is guilty of a petty offense. Violation of this subsection (k) is not cause to suspend, revoke, cancel, or deny renewal of the used vehicle dealer's license.
    (l) A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer licensed under this Section shall provide the Secretary of State a register for the sale at auction of each salvage or junk certificate vehicle. Each register shall include the following information:
        (1) the year, make, model, style, and color of the
    
vehicle;
        (2) the vehicle's manufacturer's identification
    
number or, if applicable, the Secretary of State or Illinois Department of State Police identification number;
        (3) the date of acquisition of the vehicle;
        (4) the name and address of the person from whom the
    
vehicle was acquired;
        (5) the name and address of the person to whom any
    
vehicle was disposed, the person's Illinois license number or, if the person is an out-of-state salvage vehicle buyer, the license number from the state or jurisdiction where the buyer is licensed; and
        (6) the purchase price of the vehicle.
    The register shall be submitted to the Secretary of State via written or electronic means within 10 calendar days from the date of the auction.
(Source: P.A. 101-505, eff. 1-1-20.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-154)
    Sec. 5-102.8. Licensure of Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealers.
    (a) As used in this Section, "Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer" means any entity that engages in the business of selling or leasing of vehicles and finances the sale or purchase price of the vehicle to a customer without the customer using a third-party lender.
    (b) No person shall engage in the business of selling or dealing in, on consignment or otherwise, 5 or more used vehicles of any make during the year (except rebuilt salvage vehicles sold by their rebuilders to persons licensed under this Chapter), or act as an intermediary, agent, or broker for any licensed dealer or vehicle purchaser (other than as a salesperson) or represent or advertise that he or she is so engaged or intends to so engage in such business of a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer unless licensed to do so by the Secretary of State under the provisions of this Section.
    (c) An application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license shall be filed with the Secretary of State, duly verified by oath, in such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe and shall contain:
        (1) The name and type of business organization
    
established and additional places of business, if any, in this State.
        (2) If the applicant is a corporation, a list of its
    
officers, directors, and shareholders having a 10% or greater ownership interest in the corporation, setting forth the residence address of each; if the applicant is a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association, a trust, or any similar form of business organization, the names and residence address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee, or manager.
        (3) A statement that the applicant has been approved
    
for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act by the Department of Revenue. However, this requirement does not apply to a dealer who is already licensed hereunder with the Secretary of State, and who is merely applying for a renewal of his or her license. As evidence of this fact, the application shall be accompanied by a certification from the Department of Revenue showing that the Department has approved the applicant for registration under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        (4) A statement that the applicant has complied with
    
the appropriate liability insurance requirement. A Certificate of Insurance in a solvent company authorized to do business in the State of Illinois shall be included with each application covering each location at which he or she proposes to act as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer. The policy must provide liability coverage in the minimum amounts of $100,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property. Such policy shall expire not sooner than December 31 of the year for which the license was issued or renewed. The expiration of the insurance policy shall not terminate the liability under the policy arising during the period for which the policy was filed.
        If the permitted user has a liability insurance
    
policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, then the permitted user's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the dealer's insurer shall be the secondary insurer. If the permitted user does not have a liability insurance policy that provides automobile liability insurance coverage of at least $100,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any person, $300,000 for bodily injury to or the death of any 2 or more persons in any one accident, and $50,000 for damage to property, or does not have any insurance at all, then the dealer's insurer shall be the primary insurer and the permitted user's insurer shall be the secondary insurer.
        When a permitted user is "test driving" a Buy Here,
    
Pay Here used vehicle dealer's automobile, the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's insurance shall be primary and the permitted user's insurance shall be secondary.
        As used in this paragraph, "permitted user" means a
    
person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer or an employee of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer that the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle. "Permitted user" includes a person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer for loaner purposes while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        As used in this paragraph, "test driving" occurs when
    
a permitted user who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer or an employee of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned and held for sale or lease by a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer that the person is considering to purchase or lease, in order to evaluate the performance, reliability, or condition of the vehicle.
        As used in this paragraph, "loaner purposes" means
    
when a person who, with the permission of the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer, drives a vehicle owned or held for sale or lease by the used vehicle dealer while the user's vehicle is being repaired or evaluated.
        (5) An application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used
    
vehicle dealer's license shall be accompanied by the following license fees:
            (A) $1,000 for the applicant's established place
        
of business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; however, if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the license fee shall be $500 for the applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. License fees shall be returnable only if the application is denied by the Secretary of State. Of the money received by the Secretary of State as license fees under this subparagraph, 95% shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund.
            (B) Except for dealers selling 25 or fewer
        
automobiles or as provided in subsection (h) of Section 5-102.7 of this Code, an Annual Dealer Recovery Fund Fee in the amount of $500 for the applicant's established place of business, and $50 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains; but if the application is made after June 15 of any year, the fee shall be $250 for the applicant's established place of business plus $25 for each additional place of business, if any, to which the application pertains. For a license renewal application, the fee shall be based on the amount of automobiles sold in the past year according to the following formula:
                (1) $0 for dealers selling 25 or less
            
automobiles;
                (2) $150 for dealers selling more than 25 but
            
less than 200 automobiles;
                (3) $300 for dealers selling 200 or more
            
automobiles but less than 300 automobiles; and
                (4) $500 for dealers selling 300 or more
            
automobiles.
            Fees shall be returnable only if the application
        
is denied by the Secretary of State. Money received under this subparagraph shall be deposited into the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund. A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer shall pay into the Dealer Recovery Trust Fund for every vehicle that is financed, sold, or otherwise transferred to an individual or entity other than the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer even if the individual or entity to which the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer transfers the vehicle is unable to continue to adhere to the terms of the transaction by the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer.
        (6) A statement that each officer, director,
    
shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed in the past 3 years any one violation as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceedings of any one of the following:
            (A) the Anti-Theft Laws of this Code;
            (B) the Certificate of Title Laws of this Code;
            (C) the Offenses against Registration and
        
Certificates of Title Laws of this Code;
            (D) the Dealers, Transporters, Wreckers and
        
Rebuilders Laws of this Code;
            (E) Section 21-2 of the Illinois Criminal Code of
        
1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Criminal Trespass to Vehicles; or
            (F) the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act.
        (7) A statement that each officer, director,
    
shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed in any calendar year 3 or more violations, as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceedings, of any one or more of the following:
            (A) the Consumer Finance Act;
            (B) the Consumer Installment Loan Act;
            (C) the Retail Installment Sales Act;
            (D) the Motor Vehicle Retail Installment Sales
        
Act;
            (E) the Interest Act;
            (F) the Illinois Wage Assignment Act;
            (G) Part 8 of Article XII of the Code of Civil
        
Procedure; or
            (H) the Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business
        
Practices Act.
        (8) A statement that, within 10 years of application,
    
each officer, director, shareholder having a 10% or greater ownership interest therein, proprietor, partner, member, officer, director, trustee, manager, or other principal in the business of the applicant has not committed, as determined in any civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding, in any calendar year one or more forcible felonies under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 1961, or a violation of either or both Article 16 or 17 of the Criminal Code of 2012, Article 29B of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a similar out-of-state offense. For the purposes of this paragraph, "forcible felony" has the meaning provided in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (9) A bond or Certificate of Deposit in the amount of
    
$50,000 for each location at which the applicant intends to act as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer. The bond shall be for the term of the license. The bond shall run to the People of the State of Illinois, with surety by a bonding or insurance company authorized to do business in this State. It shall be conditioned upon the proper transmittal of all title and registration fees and taxes (excluding taxes under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act) accepted by the applicant as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer.
        (10) Such other information concerning the business
    
of the applicant as the Secretary of State may by rule prescribe.
        (11) A statement that the applicant understands
    
Chapter 1 through Chapter 5 of this Code.
        (12) A copy of the certification from the
    
prelicensing education program.
        (13) The full name, address, and contact information
    
of each of the dealer's agents or legal representatives who is an Illinois resident and liable for the performance of the dealership.
    (d) Any change that renders no longer accurate any information contained in any application for a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license shall be amended within 30 days after the occurrence of each change on such form as the Secretary of State may prescribe by rule, accompanied by an amendatory fee of $2.
    (e) Anything in this Chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, no person shall be licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer unless the person maintains an established place of business as defined in this Chapter.
    (f) The Secretary of State shall, within a reasonable time after receipt, examine an application submitted under this Section. Unless the Secretary makes a determination that the application does not conform to this Section or that grounds exist for a denial of the application under Section 5-501 of this Chapter, the Secretary must grant the applicant an original Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license in writing for his or her established place of business and a supplemental license in writing for each additional place of business in such form as the Secretary may prescribe by rule that shall include the following:
        (1) The name of the person licensed.
        (2) If a corporation, the name and address of its
    
officers or if a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an unincorporated association, or any similar form of business organization, the name and address of the proprietor or of each partner, member, officer, director, trustee, or manager.
        (3) In the case of an original license, the
    
established place of business of the licensee.
        (4) In the case of a supplemental license, the
    
established place of business of the licensee and the additional place of business to which the supplemental license pertains.
        (5) The full name, address, and contact information
    
of each of the dealer's agents or legal representatives who is an Illinois resident and liable for the performance of the dealership.
    (g) The appropriate instrument evidencing the license or a certified copy thereof, provided by the Secretary of State shall be kept posted, conspicuously, in the established place of business of the licensee and in each additional place of business, if any, maintained by the licensee.
    (h) Except as provided in subsection (i), all Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's licenses granted under this Section expire by operation of law on December 31 of the calendar year for which they are granted unless sooner revoked or cancelled under Section 5-501 of this Chapter.
    (i) A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer's license may be renewed upon application and payment of the fee required herein, and submission of proof of coverage by an approved bond under the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act or proof that the applicant is not subject to such bonding requirements, as in the case of an original license, but in the case of an application for the renewal of an effective license made during the month of December, the effective license shall remain in force until the application for renewal is granted or denied by the Secretary of State.
    (j) Each person licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer is required to furnish each purchaser of a motor vehicle:
        (1) a certificate of title properly assigned to the
    
purchaser;
        (2) a statement verified under oath that all
    
identifying numbers on the vehicle agree with those on the certificate of title;
        (3) a bill of sale properly executed on behalf of the
    
person;
        (4) a copy of the Uniform Invoice-transaction
    
reporting return referred to in Section 5-402;
        (5) in the case of a rebuilt vehicle, a copy of the
    
Disclosure of Rebuilt Vehicle Status; and
        (6) in the case of a vehicle for which the warranty
    
has been reinstated, a copy of the warranty.
    (k) Except at the time of sale or repossession of the vehicle, no person licensed as a Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer may issue any other person a newly created key to a vehicle unless the Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer makes a color photocopy or electronic scan of the driver's license or State identification card of the person requesting or obtaining the newly created key. The Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer must retain the photocopy or scan for 30 days.
    A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer who violates this subsection (k) is guilty of a petty offense. Violation of this subsection (k) is not cause to suspend, revoke, cancel, or deny renewal of the used vehicle dealer's license.
    (l) A Buy Here, Pay Here used vehicle dealer licensed under this Section shall provide the Secretary of State a register for the sale at auction of each salvage or junk certificate vehicle. Each register shall include the following information:
        (1) the year, make, model, style, and color of the
    
vehicle;
        (2) the vehicle's manufacturer's identification
    
number or, if applicable, the Secretary of State or Illinois Department of State Police identification number;
        (3) the date of acquisition of the vehicle;
        (4) the name and address of the person from whom the
    
vehicle was acquired;
        (5) the name and address of the person to whom any
    
vehicle was disposed, the person's Illinois license number or, if the person is an out-of-state salvage vehicle buyer, the license number from the state or jurisdiction where the buyer is licensed; and
        (6) the purchase price of the vehicle.
    The register shall be submitted to the Secretary of State via written or electronic means within 10 calendar days from the date of the auction.
    (m) If a licensee under this Section voluntarily surrenders a license to the Illinois Secretary of State Police or a representative of the Secretary of State Vehicle Services Department due to the licensee's inability to adhere to recordkeeping provisions, or the inability to properly issue certificates of title or registrations under this Code, or the Secretary revokes a license under this Section, then the licensee and the licensee's agent, designee, or legal representative, if applicable, may not be named on a new application for a licensee under this Section or under this Chapter, nor is the licensee or the licensee's agent, designee, or legal representative permitted to work for another licensee under this Chapter in a recordkeeping, management, or financial position or as an employee who handles certificate of title and registration documents and applications.
(Source: P.A. 101-505, eff. 1-1-20; 102-154, eff. 1-1-22.)

625 ILCS 5/5-102.9

    (625 ILCS 5/5-102.9)
    Sec. 5-102.9. Alternative vehicle sales and ownership.
    (a) The Secretary may create special dealership licenses for entities that specialize in specific types of used motor vehicles that may be based on model, make, age, or any other factor that the Secretary deems appropriate.
    (b) Any owner who is not a manufacturer of the vehicle and chooses to lease a used vehicle for a period of less than 12 months shall ensure that the lessee maintains valid registration and liability insurance as set forth in Chapter 7 of this Code. The owner of the vehicle shall not collect any fees in connection with the registration of the vehicle unless the owner is also a licensed remittance agent under this Code.
    (c) The Secretary may adopt any rules necessary to implement this Section.
(Source: P.A. 101-505, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/5-103

    (625 ILCS 5/5-103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-103)
    Sec. 5-103. (a) Every new vehicle manufacturer shall specify the delivery and preparation obligations of its vehicle dealers prior to delivery of new vehicles to retail buyers. A copy of the delivery and preparation obligations of its dealers shall be filed with the Secretary of State by every vehicle manufacturer and shall constitute the vehicle dealer's only responsibility for product liability as between the dealer and the manufacturer. A manufacturer's product or warranty liability to the dealer shall extend to any mechanical, body or parts defect constituting a breach of any express or implied warranty of the manufacturer. The manufacturer shall reasonably compensate any authorized dealer who rectifies a defect which constitutes a breach of any express or implied warranty of the manufacturer and for preparation and delivery obligations. Every dealer shall perform the preparation and get ready services specified by the manufacturer to be performed prior to the delivery of the new vehicle to the buyer.
    (b) The owner of the vehicle may cause the vehicle to be inspected according to this Section and have the original manufacturer's warranty reinstated if the vehicle is a theft recovery that has been salvaged and is recovered without structural damage or missing essential parts, excluding wheels, damage to the steering column, and radios provided the owner:
        (1) Submits the vehicle to a franchised dealer for a
    
complete inspection, including fluids, frame, essential parts, and other items deemed by the manufacturer as essential for verification of the condition of the vehicle at the time of recovery.
        (2) Submits a copy of the police recovery report to
    
the inspecting dealer.
        (3) Paid the inspection fee charged by the franchised
    
dealer.
    The manufacturer shall reinstate the original manufacturer's warranty if a vehicle is certified by a franchised dealer as having complied with the provisions of this Section. The manufacturer shall, in addition to reinstating the warranty, provide the owner with a written statement indicating that the original manufacturer's warranty has been reinstated.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall affect a cause of action a buyer may have against a dealer or manufacturer under present applicable statutory or case law.
(Source: P.A. 92-458, eff. 8-22-01.)

625 ILCS 5/5-104

    (625 ILCS 5/5-104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-104)
    Sec. 5-104. On and after January 1, 1976, each manufacturer of a 1976 or later model year vehicle of the first division manufactured for sale in this State, other than a motorcycle, shall clearly and conspicuously indicate, on the price listing affixed to the vehicle pursuant to the Automobile Information Disclosure Act, (15 United States Code 1231 through 1233), the following, with the appropriate gasoline mileage figure:
    "In tests for fuel economy in city and highway driving conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, this passenger vehicle obtained ....... miles per gallon of gasoline.".
(Source: P.A. 100-863, eff. 8-14-18.)

625 ILCS 5/5-104.1

    (625 ILCS 5/5-104.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-104.1)
    Sec. 5-104.1. Informational labels on pickup trucks; penalty. (1) Every manufacturer of second division vehicles having a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less which are sold or offered for sale for use upon the public streets or highways within this State shall, prior to the delivery of the second division vehicle to an Illinois dealer, or on or prior to the introduction date of new models delivered to an Illinois dealer, securely affix to the windshield or side window of the second division vehicle a label upon which the manufacturer shall endorse clearly, distinctly and legibly true and correct entries disclosing information identical to and in the same manner as required on new first division vehicles. The label shall remain affixed to the second division vehicle until delivery of the second division vehicle to the ultimate purchaser. Any manufacturer who shall willfully fail to affix a proper label required by this Section or any person who shall willfully remove, alter or mutilate a label prior to delivery of the second division vehicle to the ultimate purchaser is guilty of a misdemeanor. This Section shall not apply to such second division vehicles for which the annual sales in Illinois of the previous model year were less than 200.
    (2) This Section shall apply to second division vehicles having a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less built after December 31, 1987.
(Source: P.A. 85-387.)

625 ILCS 5/5-104.2

    (625 ILCS 5/5-104.2)
    Sec. 5-104.2. Nonconforming vehicles; sale.
    (a) Every manufacturer shall be prohibited from reselling any motor vehicle that has been finally ordered, determined, or adjudicated as having a nonconformity under the New Vehicle Buyer Protection Act or a similar law of any state, territory, or country, and that the manufacturer repurchased or replaced because of the nonconformity, unless the manufacturer has corrected the nonconformity and issues a disclosure statement prior to resale stating that the vehicle was repurchased or replaced under the New Vehicle Buyer Protection Act or similar law of any other state, territory, or country; identifying the nonconformity; and warranting that the nonconformity has been corrected. The disclosure statement must accompany the vehicle through the first retail purchase.
    (b) "Nonconformity" refers to a new vehicle's failure to conform to all express warranties applicable to the vehicle, which failure substantially impairs the use, market value, or safety of the vehicle.
    (c) The disclosure statement referred to in subsection (a) shall be in substantially the same form as below:
"IMPORTANT
    Vehicle Identification Number (VIN): (Insert VIN Number);
    
Year: (Insert Year); Make (Insert Make); Model: (Insert Model). This vehicle was previously sold as new. It was subsequently ordered as having a nonconformity by final decision of court proceeding or State run arbitration. It was subsequently repurchased by its manufacturer because it did not conform to the manufacturer's express warranty and the nonconformity was not cured within a reasonable time as provided by Illinois law. The following nonconformities have been corrected (a minimum of 5 numbered lines shall be provided to describe the nonconformity or nonconformities)."
The customer shall sign the disclosure statement. This disclosure language shall be in at least 8-point type.
(Source: P.A. 88-415.)

625 ILCS 5/5-104.3

    (625 ILCS 5/5-104.3)
    Sec. 5-104.3. Disclosure of rebuilt vehicle.
    (a) No person shall knowingly, with intent to defraud or deceive another, sell a vehicle for which a rebuilt title has been issued unless that vehicle is accompanied by a Disclosure of Rebuilt Vehicle Status form, properly signed and delivered to the buyer.
    (a-5) No dealer or rebuilder licensed under Sections 5-101, 5-102, or 5-301 of this Code shall sell a vehicle for which a rebuilt title has been issued from another jurisdiction without first obtaining an Illinois certificate of title with a "REBUILT" notation under Section 3-118.1 of this Code.
    (b) The Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe the format and information contained in the Disclosure of Rebuilt Vehicle Status form.
    (c) A violation of subsection (a) or (a-5) of this Section is a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation of subsection (a) or (a-5) of this Section is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 100-104, eff. 11-9-17; 100-863, eff. 8-14-18.)

625 ILCS 5/5-105

    (625 ILCS 5/5-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-105)
    Sec. 5-105. Investigation of licensee required. Every person seeking a license under Chapter 5 of this Act, as part of the application process, authorizes an investigation to determine if the applicant has ever been convicted of a crime and if so, the disposition of those convictions. This authorization shall indicate the scope of the inquiry and the agencies which may be contacted. Upon this authorization the Secretary of State may request and receive information and assistance from any Federal, State or local governmental agency as part of the authorized investigation. The Department of State Police shall provide information concerning any criminal convictions and their disposition brought against the applicant upon request of the Secretary of State when the request is made in the form and manner required by the Department of State Police. The information derived from this investigation, including the source of this information, and any conclusions or recommendations derived from this information by the Secretary of State shall be provided to the applicant or his designee. Upon request to the Secretary of State prior to any final action by the Secretary of State on the application, no information obtained from such investigation may be placed in any automated information system. Any criminal convictions and their disposition information obtained by the Secretary of State shall be confidential and may not be transmitted outside the Office of the Secretary of State, except as required herein, and may not be transmitted to anyone within the Office of the Secretary of State except as needed for the purpose of evaluating the application. All criminal convictions and their disposition and information obtained by the Division of Investigation shall be destroyed no later than 60 days after the Division of Investigation has made a final ruling on the application, and all rights of appeal have expired and pending appeals have been completed. The only physical identity materials which the applicant can be required to provide the Secretary of State are photographs or fingerprints. Only information and standards which bear a reasonable and rational relation to the performance of a licensee shall be used by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall adopt rules and regulations for the administration of this Section. Any employee of the Secretary of State who gives or causes to be given away any confidential information concerning any criminal convictions and their disposition of an applicant shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 84-25.)

625 ILCS 5/5-106

    (625 ILCS 5/5-106) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-106)
    Sec. 5-106. No person may keep open, operate, or assist in keeping open or operating any established or additional place of business for the purpose of buying, selling, bartering, exchanging, or leasing for a period of 1 year or more, or offering for sale, barter, exchange, or lease for a period of 1 year or more, any motor vehicle, whether new or used, on the first day of the week, commonly called Sunday; provided, that this Section does not apply to the opening of an established or additional place of business on Sunday for the following purposes:
        (1) to sell petroleum products, tires or repair parts
    
and accessories;
        (2) to operate and conduct a motor vehicle repair
    
shop;
        (3) to supply services for the washing, towing or
    
wrecking of motor vehicles;
        (4) to participate in a trade show exhibition or
    
display exhibition by a dealer who has been granted a permit by the Secretary of State pursuant to Section 5-102.1 of this Article;
        (5) to sell motorcycles, motor driven cycles,
    
motorized pedalcycles when offered for sale by a dealer licensed under Sections 5-101 and 5-102 to sell only such motor vehicles;
        (6) to offer for sale manufactured housing;
        (7) to sell self-contained motor homes, mini motor
    
homes, van campers and recreational trailers when offered for sale by a dealer at an established or additional place of business where only such vehicles are displayed or offered for sale. This exemption includes dealers with off site sales or trade show exhibition permits issued pursuant to subsection (d) of Section 5-102.1 of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 89-551, eff. 1-1-97.)

625 ILCS 5/5-107

    (625 ILCS 5/5-107) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-107)
    Sec. 5-107. Bond exemption. The following persons shall be exempt from the bond required in Sections 5-101 and 5-102: (1) Any person who has been continuously licensed under Section 5-101 or 5-102 since calendar year 1983; (2) any licensee who as determined by the Secretary of State, has faithfully and continuously complied with conditions of the bond requirement for a period of 60 consecutive months after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly.
    This exemption shall continue for each licensee until such time as he may be determined by the Secretary of State to be delinquent or deficient in the transmittal of title and registration fees or taxes.
    A person whose license is cancelled due to the voluntary surrender of such license, who applies for a new license for the same license year or one license year after the license year of the cancelled license, will remain exempt under paragraph (1) above if the only break in the continuous licensure is caused by the cancellation due to the voluntary surrender of the license.
(Source: P.A. 100-450, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/5-108

    (625 ILCS 5/5-108) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-108)
    Sec. 5-108. Vehicle Referral and Marketing Services. Nothing in this Code shall be construed to prohibit a credit union, as defined in the Illinois Credit Union Act, a bank, as defined in the Illinois Banking Act, or any firm, copartnership, association or corporation from advertising the sale of motor vehicles by licensed dealers or advertising motor vehicle purchase opportunities from licensed dealers, from referring potential purchasers of motor vehicles to licensed dealers, or from soliciting purchasers of motor vehicles for licensed dealers. However, any motor vehicle sale resulting from those activities may only be consummated by a dealer licensed under Section 5-101 or 5-102 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 87-380.)

625 ILCS 5/5-109

    (625 ILCS 5/5-109)
    Sec. 5-109. Manufacturers and distributors; fees.
    (a) "Manufacturer" means any person who manufactures or assembles new motor vehicles either within or without of this State.
    (b) "Distributor" means any person who distributes or sells new motor vehicles to new vehicle dealers, or who maintains distributor representatives in this State, and who is not a manufacturer.
    (c) Each manufacturer and distributor doing business in this State shall pay an annual fee of $1500 to the Secretary of State to be deposited into the Motor Vehicle Review Board Fund.
(Source: P.A. 99-127, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 5 Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 5 Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. TRANSPORTERS

625 ILCS 5/5-201

    (625 ILCS 5/5-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-201)
    Sec. 5-201. Transporters must apply for in-transit plates.
    (a) No person shall engage in this State in the business as a transporter until such person shall apply for and receive from the Secretary of State a generally distinctive set of two "in-transit license plates" for any vehicle so transported by him.
    (b) An application for a generally distinctive number under this Article shall be filed with the Secretary of State, duly verified by oath and in such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe and shall contain the name and business address of such person, the certificate, registration or permit number issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission and such other information concerning the business of the applicant as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe. If the applicant does not hold a certificate, registration or permit from the Illinois Commerce Commission to so transport, such application shall be denied.
    (c) An application for a generally distinctive set of two "in-transit license plates" shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee. Upon the payment of such license fee, such application shall be filed and recorded in the office of the Secretary of State. Thereupon the Secretary of State shall assign and issue to such person a generally distinctive number and without any further expense to him shall deliver to such person at his business address a certificate of registration in such form as the Secretary of State may prescribe and one set of two "in-transit license plates" with a number corresponding to the number of such certificate of registration. Such in-transit plates shall be used by such person only on vehicles transported, but not owned, by him.
    (d) Except as provided in sub-section (3) hereof, all certificates of registration and "in-transit plates" granted under this Section shall expire by operation of law on December 31 of the calendar year for which they are granted unless sooner revoked under the provisions of Section 5-501 of this Chapter.
    (e) A certificate of registration under this Article may be renewed upon application and payment of the fee required herein as in the case of an original application, provided, however, that in case an application for renewal of an effective registration is made during the month of December, such existing registration shall remain in force until such application for renewal is granted by the Secretary of State.
    (f) Any person registered as a transporter under the Article may make application for additional duplicate sets of "in-transit plates" on such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe, from time to time to obtain as many duplicate sets of "in-transit plates" as he may desire upon payment of the prescribed fee for each set. Such duplicate plates shall bear the number of that person's original certificate of registration.
    (g) In case of loss or destruction of one license plate issued to a transporter under this Section such transporter may obtain a duplicate of the same by filing an affidavit to that effect with the Secretary of State, accompanied by the prescribed fee.
    (h) An original "in-transit plate" or a duplicate shall be attached to the front and rear of each vehicle so transported in this State; provided, that if one such vehicle is towing another such vehicle, one plate or duplicate plate shall be attached to the front of the towing vehicle and one such plate to the rear of the rearmost towed vehicle.
    (i) Anything in this Chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, the provisions of this Section shall not apply to a non-resident engaged in such business and using the public highways of this State if he has an "in-transit plate" or license from the State, foreign country or province, territory or federal district of which he is a resident and such State, country, province, territory or district grants a like exemption to residents of this State.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/5-202

    (625 ILCS 5/5-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 5-202)
    Sec. 5-202. Tow or Wrecker operators must register tow or wrecker vehicles.
    (a) No person in this State shall engage in the business of operating a tow truck or wrecker or operate a tow or wrecker vehicle until such person shall register any vehicle to be used for such purpose and apply for and receive from the Secretary of State a generally distinctive set of 3 "tow truck" plates for any towing or wrecker vehicle operated by him.
    (b) An application for registration for a generally distinctive set of 3 "tow truck" plates under this Article shall be filed with the Secretary of State, duly verified by oath and in such form as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe and shall contain the name and business address of such person, the vehicle identification number of the vehicle for which such application is made, proof of insurance as set forth in paragraph (d) of Section 12-606 of this Code, and such other information concerning the business of the applicant as the Secretary of State may by rule or regulation prescribe.
    (c) The application for registration and a generally distinctive set of 3 "tow truck" plates shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee. Upon payment of such fee, such registration and application shall be filed and recorded in the office of the Secretary of State. Thereupon the Secretary of State shall assign and issue to such person a generally distinctive number for each vehicle and without further expense to him shall deliver to such person at his place of business address one set of 3 "tow truck" plates. Such "tow truck" plates shall be used by such person only on the vehicle for which application was made and the vehicle being towed, and are not transferable.
    (d) All "tow truck" plates granted under this Section shall expire by operation of law on December 31 of the calendar year for which they are granted unless sooner revoked under the provisions of Section 5-501 of this Chapter.
    (e) One "tow truck" plate shall be attached to the front and rear of each registered vehicle, and one "tow truck" plate shall be attached to the rear of the vehicle being towed unless the towed vehicle displays a valid registration plate or digital registration plate visible from the rear while being towed, so that the numbers and letter on the plate are clearly visible to any person following the vehicle being towed. However, illumination of the rear plate required by subsection (c) of Section 12-201 of this Code shall not apply to the third plate displayed on the towed vehicle. In addition, the vehicle registration plates or digital registration plates assigned to the vehicle being towed shall be displayed as provided in Section 3-413 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 101-395, eff. 8-16-19.)