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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-1430

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430)
    Sec. 11-1430. Vehicle immobilization and impoundment upon certification of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization and impoundment in cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services has certified to the municipality under Section 10-17.13 of the Illinois Public Aid Code that the registered owner of a vehicle owes past due support. The program shall provide for immobilization of any eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle and for subsequent towing and impoundment of such vehicle solely upon the certification of past due support by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the past due support by the municipality shall not be required under the ordinance. The ordinance shall provide that the municipality may terminate immobilization and impoundment of the vehicle if the registered owner has arranged for payment of past and current support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1)
    Sec. 11-1430.1. Vehicle immobilization for failure to pay municipal vehicle tax violation liability.
    (a) A municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization to facilitate enforcement of municipal vehicle tax liability. The program of vehicle immobilization shall provide for immobilizing an eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle. An ordinance establishing a program of vehicle immobilization under this Section shall include the following provisions:
        (1) A vehicle shall be eligible for immobilization
    
when the registered owner of the vehicle has accumulated the number of unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax violation liability or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, or both.
        (2) The vehicle owner shall be provided with notice
    
of the impending vehicle immobilization and the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the action by disproving liability for unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code.
        (3) The vehicle owner shall have the right to a
    
prompt hearing after a vehicle has been immobilized or subsequently towed for nonpayment of outstanding fines and penalties for which final determinations have been issued. An order issued after the hearing is a final administrative decision within the meaning of Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
        (4) A post-immobilization and post-towing notice
    
shall be provided to the registered owner of the vehicle advising the registered owner of the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the impoundment.
    (b) Judicial review of final determinations of vehicle tax violations and final administrative decisions issued after hearings regarding vehicle immobilization and impoundment made under this Section shall be subject to the Administrative Review Law.
    (c) A fine, penalty, or part thereof, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, administrative remedies and the conclusion of judicial review procedures shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Payment in full of any fine or penalty resulting from a vehicle tax violation shall constitute a final disposition of that violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-937, eff. 8-10-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1431

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1431)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-982)
    Sec. 11-1431. Solicitations at accident or disablement scene prohibited.
    (a) A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of an accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle, or the owner or operator's authorized agent, including his or her insurer or motor club of which the owner or operator is a member. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle accident or damaged or disabled vehicle.
    (b) A person or company who violates this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony. A person convicted of violating this Section shall also have his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges suspended for 3 months. After the expiration of the 3-month suspension, the person's driver's license, permit, or privileges shall not be reinstated until he or she has paid a reinstatement fee of $100. If a person violates this Section while his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges are suspended under this subsection (b), his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges shall be suspended for an additional 6 months, and shall not be reinstated after the expiration of the 6-month suspension until he or she pays a reinstatement fee of $100. A vehicle owner, or his or her authorized agent or automobile insurer, may bring a claim against a company or person who willfully and materially violates this Section. A court may award the prevailing party reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and expenses relating to that action.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16; 99-848, eff. 8-19-16; 100-201, eff. 8-18-17.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-982)
    Sec. 11-1431. Solicitations at crash or disablement scene prohibited.
    (a) A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle crash or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of a crash or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle, or the owner or operator's authorized agent, including his or her insurer or motor club of which the owner or operator is a member. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle crash or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle crash or damaged or disabled vehicle.
    (b) A person or company who violates this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony. A person convicted of violating this Section shall also have his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges suspended for 3 months. After the expiration of the 3-month suspension, the person's driver's license, permit, or privileges shall not be reinstated until he or she has paid a reinstatement fee of $100. If a person violates this Section while his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges are suspended under this subsection (b), his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges shall be suspended for an additional 6 months, and shall not be reinstated after the expiration of the 6-month suspension until he or she pays a reinstatement fee of $100. A vehicle owner, or his or her authorized agent or automobile insurer, may bring a claim against a company or person who willfully and materially violates this Section. A court may award the prevailing party reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and expenses relating to that action.
(Source: P.A. 102-982, eff. 7-1-23.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1432

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1432)
    Sec. 11-1432. Prohibit smoking in a motor vehicle with a minor present.
    (a) For purposes of this Section:
    "Smoke" means to inhale, exhale, burn, or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar, pipe, weed, plant, regulated narcotic, or other combustible substance.
    "Vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 1-217 of this Code and does not include motorcycles as defined in Section 1-147.
    (b) A person shall not smoke in a motor vehicle, whether it is in motion or at rest, if a person under 18 years of age is in the vehicle, regardless of whether the vehicle's windows are open. This subsection does not apply to a person who is the sole occupant of a vehicle.
    (c) A police officer may not stop or detain a motor vehicle or its driver nor inspect or search the vehicle, the contents of the vehicle, or the operator or passenger of the vehicle solely for a violation or suspected violation of this Section.
    (d) A violation of this Section is a petty offense punishable by a fine not to exceed $100 and, for a second or subsequent offense, a fine not to exceed $250.
(Source: P.A. 101-468, eff. 6-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV heading)
ARTICLE XV. BICYCLES