Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2)
Special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle
event. Nothing contained in Section 11-1427 or 11-1427.1 shall be
local authority of this State from designating a special all-terrain vehicle or
off-highway motorcycle event.
In such case the provisions of Sections 11-1427 and 11-1427.1 shall
highways under the jurisdiction of that local authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3
(625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3)
Rules for all-terrain vehicles and off-highway
The Department of Natural Resources may adopt rules to implement and
administer the provisions of Sections 11-1427, 11-1427.1, and
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4
(625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4)
Signal from officer to stop.
An all-terrain vehicle or
off-highway motorcycle operator, after having received a visual or audible
signal from a law enforcement officer to come to a stop, may not:
(1) operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in willful or
wanton disregard of the signal to stop;
(2) interfere with or endanger the law enforcement officer or another person
or vehicle; or
(3) increase speed or attempt to flee or elude the officer.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5
(625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5)
Recreational off-highway vehicles.
All provisions of this Code that apply to an all-terrain vehicle shall apply the same to a recreational off-highway vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-428, eff. 8-13-09.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1428
(625 ILCS 5/11-1428)
(Source: P.A. 90-683, eff. 1-1-99. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1429
(625 ILCS 5/11-1429)
(a) The purpose of this law is to protect public health and the environment by reducing emissions while conserving fuel and maintaining adequate rest and safety of all drivers of diesel vehicles.
(b) As used in this Section, "affected areas" means the counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and Monroe and the townships of Aux Sable and Goose Lake in Grundy County and the township of Oswego in Kendall County.
(c) A person that operates a motor
vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the
motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than
a total of 10 minutes within any 60 minute period, except under the following circumstances:
(1) the motor vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating of less than 8,000 pounds;
(2) the motor vehicle idles while forced to remain
motionless because of on-highway traffic, an official traffic control device or signal, or at the direction of a law enforcement official;
(3) the motor vehicle idles when operating
defrosters, heaters, air conditioners, or other equipment solely to prevent a safety or health emergency;
(4) a police, fire, ambulance, public safety, other
emergency or law enforcement motor vehicle, or any motor vehicle used in an emergency capacity, idles while in an emergency or training mode and not for the convenience of the vehicle operator;
(5) the primary propulsion engine idles for
maintenance, servicing, repairing, or diagnostic purposes if idling is necessary for such activity;
(6) a motor vehicle idles as part of a government
inspection to verify that all equipment is in good working order, provided idling is required as part of the inspection;
(7) when idling of the motor vehicle is required to
operate auxiliary equipment to accomplish the intended use of the vehicle (such as loading, unloading, mixing, or processing cargo; controlling cargo temperature; construction operations; lumbering operations; oil or gas well servicing; or farming operations), provided that this exemption does not apply when the vehicle is idling solely for cabin comfort or to operate non-essential equipment such as air conditioning, heating, microwave ovens, or televisions;
(8) an armored motor vehicle idles when a person
remains inside the vehicle to guard the contents, or while the vehicle is being loaded or unloaded;
(9) a bus idles a maximum of 15 minutes in any 60
minute period to maintain passenger comfort while non-driver passengers are on board;
(10) if the motor vehicle has a sleeping berth, when
the operator is occupying the vehicle during a rest or sleep period and idling of the vehicle is required to operate air conditioning or heating;
(11) when the motor vehicle idles due to mechanical
difficulties over which the operator has no control;
(12) the motor vehicle is used as airport ground
support equipment, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles operated on the air side of the airport terminal to service or supply aircraft;
(13) the motor vehicle is (i) a bus owned by a public
transit authority and (ii) being operated on a designated bus route or on a street or highway between designated bus routes for the provision of public transportation;
(14) the motor vehicle is an implement of husbandry
exempt from registration under subdivision A(2) of Section 3-402 of this Code;
(15) the motor vehicle is owned by an electric
utility and is operated for electricity generation or hydraulic pressure to power equipment necessary in the restoration, repair, modification or installation of electric utility service;
(16) the outdoor temperature is less than 32 degrees
Fahrenheit or greater than 80 degrees Fahrenheit; or
(17) the motor vehicle idles while being operated by
(d) When the outdoor temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and 80 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, a person who operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle to idle for a period greater than 30 minutes in any 60 minute period while waiting to weigh, load, or unload cargo or freight, unless the vehicle is in a line of vehicles that regularly and periodically moves forward.
(e) This Section does not prohibit the operation of an auxiliary power unit or generator set as an alternative to idling the main engine of a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel.
(f) This Section does not apply to the owner of a motor vehicle rented or leased to another entity or person operating the vehicle.
(g) Any person convicted of any violation of this Section is guilty of
a petty offense and shall be fined $90 for the first
conviction and $500 for a second or subsequent conviction
within any 12 month period.
(h) Fines; distribution. All fines and all penalties collected under this Section shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be distributed as follows: (i) $50 for the first conviction and $150 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the State's General Revenue Fund; (ii) $20 for the first conviction and $262.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be distributed to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation; and (iii) $20 for the first conviction and $87.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund.
(i) The Trucking Environmental and Education Fund is created as a special fund in the State Treasury. All money deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund shall be paid, subject to appropriation by the General Assembly, to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency for the purpose of educating the trucking industry on air pollution and preventative measures specifically related to idling. Any interest earned on deposits into the Fund shall remain in the Fund and be used for the purposes set forth in this subsection. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Fund is not subject to administrative charges or charge-backs that would in any way transfer moneys from the Fund into any other fund of the State.
(j) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, a person who operates a motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,000 pounds or more operating on diesel fuel on property that (i) offers paid parking services to vehicle owners, (ii) does not involve fuel dispensing, and (iii) is located in an affected area within a county of over 3 million residents but outside of a municipality of over 2 million residents may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than a total of 10 minutes within any 60-minute period under any circumstances if the vehicle is within 200 feet of a residential area. This Section may be enforced by either the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the residential area or the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the property on which the violation took place. This subsection does not apply to:
(1) school buses;
(2) waste hauling vehicles;
(3) facilities operated by the Department of
(4) vehicles owned by a public utility and operated
to power equipment necessary in the restoration, repair, modification, or installation of a utility service; or
(Source: P.A. 100-435, eff. 8-25-17; 101-319, eff. 1-1-20
625 ILCS 5/11-1430
(625 ILCS 5/11-1430)
Vehicle immobilization and impoundment upon certification of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization and impoundment in cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services has certified to the municipality under Section 10-17.13 of the Illinois Public Aid Code that the registered owner of a vehicle owes past due support. The program shall provide for immobilization of any eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle and for subsequent towing and impoundment of such vehicle solely upon the certification of past due support by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the past due support by the municipality shall not be required under the ordinance. The ordinance shall provide that the municipality may terminate immobilization and impoundment of the vehicle if the registered owner has arranged for payment of past and current support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1)
Vehicle immobilization for failure to pay municipal vehicle tax violation liability.
(a) A municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization to facilitate enforcement of municipal vehicle tax liability. The program of vehicle immobilization shall provide for immobilizing an eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle. An ordinance establishing a program of vehicle immobilization under this Section shall include the following provisions:
(1) A vehicle shall be eligible for immobilization
when the registered owner of the vehicle has accumulated the number of unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax violation liability or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, or both.
(2) The vehicle owner shall be provided with notice
of the impending vehicle immobilization and the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the action by disproving liability for unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code.
(3) The vehicle owner shall have the right to a
prompt hearing after a vehicle has been immobilized or subsequently towed for nonpayment of outstanding fines and penalties for which final determinations have been issued. An order issued after the hearing is a final administrative decision within the meaning of Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(4) A post-immobilization and post-towing notice
shall be provided to the registered owner of the vehicle advising the registered owner of the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the impoundment.
(b) Judicial review of final determinations of vehicle tax violations and final administrative decisions issued after hearings regarding vehicle immobilization and impoundment made under this Section shall be subject to the Administrative Review Law.
(c) A fine, penalty, or part thereof, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, administrative remedies and the conclusion of judicial review procedures shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Payment in full of any fine or penalty resulting from a vehicle tax violation shall constitute a final disposition of that violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-937, eff. 8-10-12.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1431
(625 ILCS 5/11-1431)
Solicitations at accident or disablement scene prohibited.
(a) A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of an accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, the
owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle, or the owner or operator's authorized agent, including his or her insurer or motor club of which the owner or operator is a member. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a
damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle accident or damaged or disabled vehicle.
(b) A person or company who violates this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony. A person convicted of violating this Section shall also have his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges suspended for 3 months. After the expiration of the 3-month suspension, the person's driver's license, permit, or privileges shall not be reinstated until he or she has paid a reinstatement fee of $100. If a person violates this Section while his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges are suspended under this subsection (b), his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges shall be suspended for an additional 6 months, and shall not be reinstated after the expiration of the 6-month suspension until he or she pays a reinstatement fee of $100. A vehicle owner, or his or her authorized agent or automobile insurer, may bring a claim against a company or person who willfully and materially violates this Section. A court may award the prevailing party reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and expenses relating to that action.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16; 99-848, eff. 8-19-16; 100-201, eff. 8-18-17.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1432
(625 ILCS 5/11-1432)
Prohibit smoking in a motor vehicle with a minor present.
(a) For purposes of this Section:
"Smoke" means to inhale, exhale, burn, or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar, pipe, weed, plant, regulated narcotic, or other combustible substance.
"Vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 1-217 of this Code and does not include motorcycles as defined in Section 1-147.
(b) A person shall not smoke in a motor vehicle, whether it is in motion or at rest, if a person under 18 years of age is in the vehicle, regardless of whether the vehicle's windows are open. This subsection does not apply to a person who is the sole occupant of a vehicle.
(c) A police officer may not stop or detain a motor vehicle or its driver nor inspect or search the vehicle, the contents of the vehicle, or the operator or passenger of the vehicle solely for a violation or suspected violation of this Section.
(d) A violation of this Section is a petty offense punishable by a fine not to exceed $100 and, for a second or subsequent offense, a fine not to exceed $250.
(Source: P.A. 101-468, eff. 6-1-20
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV heading)
625 ILCS 5/11-1501
(625 ILCS 5/11-1501)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1501)
Application of rules.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to
do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in Article XV of
Chapter 11 of this Code.
(b) The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not
authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of
the provisions of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1502
(625 ILCS 5/11-1502)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1502)
Traffic laws apply to persons riding
Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway shall be
granted all of the rights, including, but not limited to, rights under Article IX of this Chapter, and shall be subject to all of
the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this
Code, except as to special regulations in this Article XV
and those provisions of this Code which by their
nature can have no application.
(Source: P.A. 99-785, eff. 1-1-17
625 ILCS 5/11-1503
(625 ILCS 5/11-1503)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1503)
Riding on bicycles.
(a) A person propelling a bicycle
shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
(b) No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the
number for which it is designed and equipped, except that an adult rider
may carry a child securely attached to his person in a back pack or sling.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1504
(625 ILCS 5/11-1504)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1504)
Clinging to vehicles.
No person riding upon any bicycle,
coaster, roller skates,
sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1505
(625 ILCS 5/11-1505)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505)
Position of bicycles and motorized pedal cycles on
roadways - Riding on roadways and bicycle paths.
(a) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized
pedal cycle upon a
roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and
under the conditions
shall ride as close as practicable and safe to the right-hand curb or edge of the
roadway except under the following situations:
1. When overtaking and passing another bicycle,
motorized pedal cycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or
2. When preparing for a left turn at an intersection
or into a private road or driveway; or
3. When reasonably necessary to avoid conditions
including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, motorized pedal cycles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or substandard width lanes that make it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge. For purposes of this subsection, a "substandard width lane" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane; or
4. When approaching a place where a right turn is
(b) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle upon a one-way
highway with two or
more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of
such roadway as practicable.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505.1)
Persons riding bicycles or motorized pedal cycles upon
a roadway shall not ride more than 2 abreast, except on paths or parts of
roadways set aside for their exclusive use. Persons riding 2 abreast shall
not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned
roadway, shall ride within a single lane subject to the provisions of
(Source: P.A. 83-549.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1506
(625 ILCS 5/11-1506)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1506)
No person operating a bicycle shall
carry any package,
bundle or article which prevents the use of both hands in the control
and operation of the bicycle. A person operating a bicycle shall keep at
least one hand on the handlebars at all times.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1507
(625 ILCS 5/11-1507)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507)
Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
(a) Every bicycle
when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a
lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance
of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear
of a type approved by the Department which shall be visible from all
distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front
of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle, except that a lamp emitting
a steady or flashing red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used
in addition to or instead of the red reflector.
(b) A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use
upon a bicycle any siren. This subsection (b) does not apply to a bicycle that is a police vehicle or fire department vehicle.
(c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will
adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
(d) No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on a bicycle
that is not equipped with a reflex reflector conforming to
specifications prescribed by the Department, on each pedal, visible from
the front and rear of the bicycle during darkness from a distance of 200
(e) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not
equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors shall be visible from
each side of the bicycle from a distance of 500 feet and shall be essentially
colorless or red to
the rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or amber
to the front of the
center of the bicycle provided. The requirements of this paragraph may
be met by reflective materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch
wide on each side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible
the continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such
bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color on both
the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall conform to
specifications prescribed by the Department.
(f) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not
equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing reflector.
(Source: P.A. 100-359, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/11-1507.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1507.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507.1)
Lamps on mopeds.
Every moped, when in use at nighttime, shall be equipped with a lamp on
the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at
least 500 feet to the front, and with a red reflector on the rear of a
type approved by the Department which shall be visible from all
distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when in front of lawful,
low-powered beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a
red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in
addition to the red reflector.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)