Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-1402
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-1402)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1402)
Limitations on backing.
(a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement
can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.
(b) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder
or roadway of any
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1403
(625 ILCS 5/11-1403)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403)
Riding on motorcycles.
(a) A person operating a
motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached
thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any
other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to
carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the
permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat
firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
(b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the
seat, facing forward, with one leg on each side of the motorcycle.
(c) No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebar grips higher than
the height of the head of the operator when the operator is seated in
the normal driving position astride that portion of the seat or saddle
occupied by the operator.
(d) The operator of any motorcycle shall keep at least one hand on a handlebar grip at all times the motorcycle is in motion.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.1)
Riding on mopeds.
(a) The operator of a
moped shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat
attached thereto, and shall not permit 2 persons to ride thereon at the
same time, unless the moped is designed to carry 2 persons;
any moped designed for 2 persons must be equipped with a
passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
(b) The provisions of Article XV shall be applicable to the operation
of mopeds, except for those provisions which by their nature
can have no application to mopeds.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2
(625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.2)
Operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel; aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
(a) No person shall operate a motorcycle, motor driven
cycle, or moped on one wheel.
(b) Aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel. A person commits aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel when he or she violates subsection (a) of this Section while committing a violation of subsection (b) of Section 11-601 of this Code. A violation of this subsection is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $100, except a second conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3
(625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.3)
Any driver of a vehicle defined in
Section 1-145.001, 1-147, or 1-148.2 of this Code may use a
an electronic intercom system permitting 2-way vocal communication with
drivers of any such vehicles or passengers on such vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1404
(625 ILCS 5/11-1404)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1404)
Special equipment for persons riding motorcycles, motor
driven cycles or mopeds.
(a) The operator of a motorcycle, motor
driven cycle or moped and every passenger thereon shall be
protected by glasses, goggles or a transparent shield.
(b) For the purposes of this Section, glasses, goggles, and transparent
shields are defined as follows:
"Glasses" means ordinary eye pieces such as spectacles or sunglasses worn
before the eye, made of shatter-resistant material.
Shatter-resistant material, as used in this Section, means material so
manufactured, fabricated, or
created that it substantially prevents shattering or flying when struck or
"Goggles" means a device worn before the eyes, the predominant function of
which is protecting the eyes without obstructing peripheral vision. Goggles
shall provide protection from the front and sides, and may or may not form a
complete seal with the face.
"Transparent shield" means a windshield attached to the front of a motorcycle
that extends above the eyes when an operator is seated in the normal, upright
riding position, made of shatter-resistant material, or a shatter-resistant
protective face shield that covers the wearer's eyes and face at least to a
point approximately to the tip of the nose.
(c) Contact lenses are not acceptable eye protection devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1405
(625 ILCS 5/11-1405)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1405)
Required equipment on motorcycles.
Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed
cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.
(Source: P.A. 84-602.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1406
(625 ILCS 5/11-1406)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1406)
Obstruction of driver's view or driving mechanism.
(a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there
are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct
the view of
the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the
driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
(b) No passenger in a vehicle or streetcar shall ride in such position as
to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or
to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle or
(c) No passenger on a school bus may ride or stand in a position as to
interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the side or to the rear, or to
interfere with his control of the driving mechanism of the bus.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1407
(625 ILCS 5/11-1407)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1407)
Opening and closing vehicle doors.
No person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to
moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be
done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any
person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving
traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1408
(625 ILCS 5/11-1408)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1408)
Riding in towed vehicles.
No person or persons shall occupy
a trailer, semitrailer, farm wagon, or any other vehicle while it is being towed upon a public highway, unless:
(1) the occupancy of the towed vehicle is necessary
to avoid an imminent threat to a person's safety due to extreme weather conditions or another emergency situation;
(2) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
per hour and the vehicle is used in connection with a parade, farming-related activity, or similar activity; or
(3) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
per hour and the passenger is over the age of 18.
(Source: P.A. 97-17, eff. 1-1-12.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1409
(625 ILCS 5/11-1409)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1409)
Driving on mountain highways.
The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or on
mountain highways shall hold such motor vehicle under control and as near
the right-hand edge of the roadway as reasonably possible and,
except when driving entirely to the right of the center of the roadway,
shall give audible warning with the horn of such
motor vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within
a distance of 200 feet along the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1410
(625 ILCS 5/11-1410)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1410)
(a) The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a down grade shall
not coast with the gears or transmission of such vehicle in neutral.
(b) The driver of a truck or bus when traveling
upon a down grade shall not coast with the clutch disengaged.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069
625 ILCS 5/11-1411
(625 ILCS 5/11-1411)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1411)
Following fire apparatus prohibited.
The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not
follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than
500 feet or stop such vehicle within 500 feet of any fire
apparatus stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1412
(625 ILCS 5/11-1412)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412)
Crossing fire hose.
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire
department when laid down on any street, private road or driveway to be
used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the fire
department official in command.
(Source: P.A. 76-1736.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412.1)
Driving upon sidewalk.
No person shall drive any vehicle
upon a sidewalk or
sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary
driveway. This Section does not apply to any vehicle moved exclusively
by human power, to any electric personal assistive mobility device, nor to
any motorized wheelchair.
Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit
or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local
government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal
assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2
(625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2)
Operating an electric personal assistive mobility device
on a public sidewalk. A person may not operate an electric personal assistive
mobility device upon a public sidewalk at a speed greater than 8 miles per
Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of
any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or
prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1412.3
(625 ILCS 5/11-1412.3)
Ownership and operation of a mobile carrying device.
(a) A mobile carrying device may be operated on a sidewalk or crosswalk so long as all of the following requirements are met:
(1) the mobile carrying device is operated in
accordance with the local ordinances, if any, established by the local authority governing where the mobile carrying device is operated;
(2) a personal property owner is actively monitoring
the operation and navigation of the mobile carrying device; and
(3) the mobile carrying device is equipped with a
braking system that enables the mobile carrying device to perform a controlled stop.
(b) A mobile carrying device operator may not do any of
(1) fail to comply with traffic or pedestrian control
(2) unreasonably interfere with pedestrians or
(3) transport a person; or
(4) operate on a street or highway, except when
crossing the street or highway within a crosswalk.
(c) A mobile carrying device operator has the rights and obligations applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances, and shall ensure that a mobile carrying device shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian on a sidewalk or within a crosswalk.
(d) A personal property owner may not utilize a mobile carrying device to transport hazardous materials.
(e) A personal property owner may not utilize a mobile
carrying device unless the person complies with this Section.
(f) A mobile carrying device operator who is not a natural person shall register with the Secretary of State.
(g) No contract seeking to exempt a mobile carrying device operator from liability for injury, loss, or death caused by a mobile carrying device shall be valid, and contractual provisions limiting the choice of venue or forum, shortening the statute of limitations, shifting the risk to the user, limiting the availability of class actions, or obtaining judicial remedies shall be invalid and unenforceable.
(h) A violation of this Section is a petty offense.
(Source: P.A. 101-123, eff. 7-26-19.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1413
(625 ILCS 5/11-1413)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1413)
Depositing material on highway prohibited.
(a) No person shall throw, spill or deposit upon any highway any bottle,
glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, or any litter (as defined in Section 3 of
the Litter Control Act).
(b) Any person who violates subsection (a) upon any highway shall
immediately remove such material or cause it to be removed.
(c) Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway
shall remove any glass or other debris, except any hazardous substance as
defined in Section 3.215 of the Environmental Protection Act,
hazardous waste as defined in Section 3.220 of the Environmental
Protection Act, and potentially infectious medical waste as defined in Section
3.360 of the Environmental Protection Act, dropped upon the
highway from such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 92-574, eff. 6-26-02.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1414
(625 ILCS 5/11-1414)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1414)
Approaching, overtaking, and passing school bus.
(a) The driver of a vehicle shall stop such vehicle before meeting or
overtaking, from either direction, any school bus stopped on a highway, roadway, private road, parking lot, school property, or at any other location, including, without limitation, a location that is not a highway or roadway for
the purpose of receiving or discharging pupils. Such stop is required before
reaching the school bus when there is in operation on the school
bus the visual signals as specified in Sections 12-803 and 12-805 of this
Code. The driver of the vehicle shall not proceed until the
school bus resumes motion or the driver of the vehicle is signaled by the
school bus driver to proceed or the visual signals are no longer actuated.
(b) The stop signal arm required by Section 12-803 of this Code shall
be extended after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the purpose of
loading or discharging pupils and shall be closed before the school bus
is placed in motion again. The stop signal arm shall
not be extended at any other time.
(c) The alternately flashing red signal lamps of an
8-lamp flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this Code
shall be actuated after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the
loading or discharging pupils and shall be turned off before
the school bus is placed in motion again. The red signal
lamps shall not be actuated at any other time
except as provided in paragraph (d) of this Section.
(d) The alternately flashing amber signal lamps of an 8-lamp
flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this
Code shall be actuated continuously during not less than the last 100
feet traveled by the school bus before stopping for the purpose of loading
or discharging pupils within an urban area and during not less than
the last 200 feet traveled by the school
bus outside an urban area. The amber signal lamps shall remain actuated
until the school
bus is stopped. The amber signal lamps shall not be actuated at any other time.
(d-5) The alternately flashing head lamps permitted by Section 12-805 of
this Code may be operated while the alternately flashing red or amber signal
lamps required by that Section are actuated.
(e) The driver of a vehicle upon a highway having 4 or more lanes which
permits at least 2 lanes of traffic to travel in opposite directions need not
stop such vehicle upon meeting a school bus which is stopped in the opposing
roadway; and need not stop such vehicle when driving upon a controlled access
highway when passing a school bus traveling in either direction that is stopped
in a loading zone
adjacent to the surfaced or improved part of the controlled access
highway where pedestrians are not permitted to cross.
(f) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1985,
the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of 3 months
privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this
Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall
suspend for a period of one year the driving privileges of any person convicted
of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (a) of this Section or a
similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation
occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition
to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of
violating this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance
shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $300 or, upon a second or subsequent
The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any
suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit
granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's
residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the
Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A
restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to
cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like
manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked
or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against
laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed
sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the
restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to
the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to
participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any
conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an
offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other
provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under
this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other
applicable provisions are greater.
The owner of any vehicle alleged to have violated paragraph (a) of this
Section shall, upon appropriate demand by the State's Attorney or other
designated person acting in response to a signed complaint, provide
a written statement or deposition identifying the operator of the vehicle
if such operator was not the owner at the time of the alleged violation.
Failure to supply such information shall result in the suspension of the vehicle registration of the vehicle for a period of 3 months. In the event the owner has assigned control for the use
of the vehicle to another, the person to whom control was assigned shall
comply with the provisions of this paragraph and be subject to the same
penalties as herein provided.
(Source: P.A. 101-55, eff. 1-1-20