Illinois Compiled Statutes
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XII
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XII heading)
SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED
625 ILCS 5/11-1201
(625 ILCS 5/11-1201)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1201)
Obedience to signal indicating approach of train or railroad track equipment.
(a) Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade
crossing where the driver is not always required to stop, the
exercise due care and caution as the existence of
a railroad track across a highway is a warning of danger, and under any of
the circumstances stated in this Section, the driver shall stop within 50
feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and
shall not proceed until the tracks are clear and he or she can do so
shall apply when:
1. A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal
device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train or railroad track equipment;
2. A crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman
gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train or railroad track equipment;
3. A railroad train or railroad track equipment
approaching a highway crossing emits a warning signal and such railroad train or railroad track equipment, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard;
4. An approaching railroad train or railroad track
equipment is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing;
5. A railroad train or railroad track equipment is
approaching so closely that an immediate hazard is created.
(a-5) Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade
crossing where the driver is not always required to stop but must slow down,
the person must exercise due care and caution as the existence of a railroad
track across a highway is a warning of danger, and under any of the
circumstances stated in this Section, the driver shall slow down within 50 feet
but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and shall not
proceed until he or she checks that the tracks are clear of an approaching
train or railroad track equipment.
(b) No person shall drive any vehicle through, around
or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing
while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.
(c) The Department, and local authorities with the
approval of the Department, are hereby authorized to designate
particularly dangerous highway grade crossings of railroads
and to erect stop signs thereat. When such stop signs
are erected the driver of any vehicle shall stop within 50
feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such
railroad and shall proceed only upon exercising due care.
(d) At any railroad grade crossing provided with railroad crossbuck signs,
without automatic, electric, or mechanical signal devices, crossing gates, or a
human flagman giving a signal of the approach or passage of a train or railroad track equipment, the driver
of a vehicle shall in obedience to the railroad crossbuck sign, yield the
right-of-way and slow down to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions
and shall stop, if required for safety, at a clearly marked stopped line, or if
no stop line, within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of
the railroad and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely. If a
driver is involved in a collision at a railroad crossing or interferes with the
movement of a train or railroad track equipment after driving past the railroad crossbuck sign, the
collision or interference is prima facie evidence of the driver's
failure to yield right-of-way.
(d-1) No person shall, while driving a commercial motor vehicle, fail to
a railroad-highway grade railroad crossing because of insufficient
(e) It is unlawful to violate any part of this
(1) A violation of this Section is a petty offense
for which a fine of $500 shall be imposed for a first violation, and a fine of $1,000 shall be imposed for a second or subsequent violation. The court may impose 25 hours of community service in place of the $500 fine for the first violation.
(2) For a second or subsequent violation, the
Secretary of State may suspend the driving privileges of the offender for a minimum of 6 months.
(f) Corporate authorities of municipal corporations
regulating operators of vehicles that fail to obey signals indicating the
approach, passage, or departure of a
train or railroad track equipment shall impose fines as established in subsection (e) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-663, eff. 1-1-17
625 ILCS 5/11-1201.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-1201.1)
Automated Railroad Crossing Enforcement System.
(a) For the purposes of this Section, an automated railroad grade crossing
enforcement system is a system in a municipality or county operated by a governmental agency that produces a recorded image of a motor vehicle's violation of a provision of this Code or local ordinance and is designed to obtain a clear recorded image of the vehicle and vehicle's license plate. The recorded image must also display the time, date, and location of the violation.
As used in this Section, "recorded images" means images recorded by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system on:
(1) 2 or more photographs;
(2) 2 or more microphotographs;
(3) 2 or more electronic images; or
(4) a video recording showing the motor vehicle and,
on at least one image or portion of the recording, clearly identifying the registration plate or digital registration plate number of the motor vehicle.
(b) The Illinois
Commerce Commission may, in cooperation with a
local law enforcement agency, establish in any county or municipality an automated
railroad grade crossing enforcement system at any railroad grade crossing equipped with a crossing gate designated by local authorities. Local authorities desiring the establishment of an automated railroad crossing enforcement system must initiate the process by enacting a local ordinance requesting the creation of such a system. After the ordinance has been enacted, and before any additional steps toward the establishment of the system are undertaken, the local authorities and the Commission must agree to a plan for obtaining, from any combination of federal, State, and local funding sources, the moneys required for the purchase and installation of any necessary equipment.
(c) For each violation of Section 11-1201 of this Code or a local ordinance recorded by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, the county or municipality having jurisdiction shall issue a written notice of the violation to the registered owner of the vehicle as the alleged violator. The notice shall be delivered to the registered owner of the vehicle, by mail, no later than 90 days after the violation.
The notice shall include:
(1) the name and address of the registered owner of
(2) the registration number of the motor vehicle
involved in the violation;
(3) the violation charged;
(4) the location where the violation occurred;
(5) the date and time of the violation;
(6) a copy of the recorded images;
(7) the amount of the civil penalty imposed and the
date by which the civil penalty should be paid;
(8) a statement that recorded images are evidence of
a violation of a railroad grade crossing;
(9) a warning that failure to pay the civil penalty
or to contest liability in a timely manner is an admission of liability and may result in a suspension of the driving privileges of the registered owner of the vehicle; and
(10) a statement that the person may elect to proceed
(A) paying the fine; or
(B) challenging the charge in court, by mail, or
by administrative hearing.
(d) If a person charged with a traffic violation, as a result of an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, does not pay or successfully contest the civil penalty resulting from that violation, the Secretary of State shall suspend the driving privileges of the registered owner of the vehicle under Section 6-306.5 of this Code for failing to pay any fine or penalty due and owing as a result of 5 violations of the automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system.
(e) Based on inspection of recorded images produced by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, a notice alleging that the violation occurred shall be evidence of the facts contained in the notice and admissible in any proceeding alleging a violation under this Section.
(e-1) Recorded images made by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system are confidential and shall be made available only to the alleged violator and governmental and law enforcement agencies for purposes of adjudicating a violation of this Section, for statistical purposes, or for other governmental purposes. Any recorded image evidencing a violation of this Section, however, may be admissible in any proceeding resulting from the issuance of the citation.
(e-2) The court or hearing officer may consider the following in the defense of a violation:
(1) that the motor vehicle or registration plates or
digital registration plates of the motor vehicle were stolen before the violation occurred and not under the control of or in the possession of the owner at the time of the violation;
(2) that the driver of the motor vehicle received a
Uniform Traffic Citation from a police officer at the time of the violation for the same offense;
(3) any other evidence or issues provided by
municipal or county ordinance.
(e-3) To demonstrate that the motor vehicle or the registration plates or digital registration plates were stolen before the violation occurred and were not under the control or possession of the owner at the time of the violation, the owner must submit proof that a report concerning the stolen motor vehicle or registration plates was filed with a law enforcement agency in a timely manner.
(f) Rail crossings equipped with an automatic railroad grade crossing
enforcement system shall be posted with a sign visible to approaching traffic
stating that the railroad grade crossing is being monitored, that citations
will be issued, and the amount of the fine for violation.
(g) The compensation paid for an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system must be based on the value of the equipment or the services provided and may not be based on the number of citations issued or the revenue generated by the system.
(i) If any part or parts of this Section are held by a court of competent
jurisdiction to be unconstitutional, the unconstitutionality shall not affect
the validity of the remaining parts of this Section. The General Assembly
hereby declares that it would have passed the remaining parts of this Section
if it had known that the other part or parts of this Section would be declared
(j) Penalty. A civil fine of
$250 shall be imposed for a first violation of this Section, and a civil fine of $500 shall be
imposed for a second or subsequent violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 101-395, eff. 8-16-19.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1201.5
(625 ILCS 5/11-1201.5)
(Source: P.A. 94-771, eff. 1-1-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-478, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1202
(625 ILCS 5/11-1202)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1202)
Certain vehicles must stop at all railroad grade
(a) The driver of any of the following vehicles shall, before
crossing a railroad track or tracks at grade, stop such vehicle within 50
feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail and, while so stopped,
shall listen and look for the approach of a train or railroad track equipment and shall not proceed
until such movement can be made with safety:
1. Any second division vehicle carrying passengers
2. Any bus that meets all of the special requirements
for school buses in Sections 12-801, 12-803, and 12-805 of this Code. The driver of the bus, in addition to complying with all other applicable requirements of this subsection (a), must also (i) turn off all noise producing accessories, including heater blowers, defroster fans, auxiliary fans, and radios, and (ii) open the service door and driver's window, before crossing a railroad track or tracks;
3. Any other vehicle which is required by Federal or
State law to be placarded when carrying as a cargo or part of a cargo hazardous material as defined in the "Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act".
After stopping as required in this Section, the driver shall proceed only in
a gear not requiring a change of gears during the crossing, and the driver
shall not shift gears while crossing the track or tracks.
(b) This Section shall not apply:
1. At any railroad grade crossing where traffic is
controlled by a police officer or flagperson;
2. At any railroad grade crossing controlled by a
functioning traffic-control signal transmitting a green indication which, under law, permits the vehicle to proceed across the railroad tracks without slowing or stopping, except that subsection (a) shall apply to any school bus;
3. At any streetcar grade crossing within a business
or residence district; or
4. At any abandoned, industrial or spur track
railroad grade crossing designated as exempt by the Illinois Commerce Commission and marked with an official sign as authorized in the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.
(Source: P.A. 95-756, eff. 1-1-09; 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1203
(625 ILCS 5/11-1203)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1203)
Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossing.
(a) No person shall operate or move any crawler-type tractor, power
shovel, derrick, roller, or any equipment or structure having a normal
operating speed of 10 or less miles per hour, or, for such equipment with
18 feet or less distance between two adjacent axles, having a vertical body
or load clearance of less than 9 inches above a level surface, or, for such
equipment with more than 18 feet between two adjacent axles, having a
vertical body or load clearance of less than 1/2 inch per foot of distance
between such adjacent axles above a level surface upon or across any tracks
at a railroad grade crossing without first complying with this Section.
(b) Notice of any such intended crossing shall be given to a
superintendent of such railroad and a reasonable time be given to such
railroad to provide proper protection at such crossing.
(c) Before making any such crossing the person operating or moving any
such vehicle or equipment shall first stop the same not less than 15 feet
nor more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of such railway and while so
stopped shall listen and look in both directions along such track for any
approaching train or railroad track equipment and for signals indicating the approach of a train or railroad track equipment, and
shall not proceed until the crossing can be made safely.
(d) No such crossing shall be made when warning is given by automatic
signal or crossing gates or a flagman or otherwise of the immediate
approach of a railroad train, railroad track equipment, or car.
(Source: P.A. 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1204
(625 ILCS 5/11-1204)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1204)
Stop and yield signs.
(a) Preferential right-of-way at an intersection may be indicated by
stop signs or yield signs as authorized in Section 11-302 of this Act.
(b) Except when directed to proceed by a police officer or traffic
control signal, every driver of a vehicle and every motorman of a streetcar
approaching a stop intersection indicated by a stop sign shall stop before
entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, in the
event there is no crosswalk, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but
if none, then at the point nearest the intersection roadway where the
driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before
entering the intersection.
(c) The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign if required for
safety to stop shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of
the intersection or, in the event there is no crosswalk, at a clearly
marked stop line, but if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting
roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1205
(625 ILCS 5/11-1205)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1205)
Emerging from alley, building, or private road or driveway.
The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road
or driveway within an urban area shall stop such vehicle immediately prior
to driving into the sidewalk area extending across such alley, building
entrance, road or driveway, or in the event there is no sidewalk area,
shall stop at the point nearest the street to be entered where the driver
has a view of approaching traffic thereon, and shall yield the right-of-way
to any pedestrian as may be necessary to avoid collision, and upon entering
the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on
(Source: P.A. 77-1344.)