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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
(415 ILCS 5/) Environmental Protection Act.

415 ILCS 5/9.14

    (415 ILCS 5/9.14)
    Sec. 9.14. Registration of smaller sources.
    (a) After the effective date of rules implementing this Section, the owner or operator of an eligible source shall annually register with the Agency instead of complying with the requirement to obtain an air pollution construction or operating permit under this Act. The criteria for determining an eligible source shall include the following:
        (1) the source must not be required to obtain a
    
permit pursuant to the Illinois Clean Air Act Permit Program or Federally Enforceable State Operating Permit program, or under regulations promulgated pursuant to Section 111 or 112 of the Clean Air Act;
        (2) the USEPA has not otherwise determined that a
    
permit is required;
        (3) the source emits less than an actual 5 tons per
    
year of combined particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic material air pollutant emissions;
        (4) the source emits less than an actual 0.5 tons per
    
year of combined hazardous air pollutant emissions;
        (5) the source emits less than an actual 0.05 tons
    
per year of lead air emissions;
        (6) the source emits less than an actual 0.05 tons
    
per year of mercury air emissions; and
        (7) the source does not have an emission unit subject
    
to a standard pursuant to 40 CFR Part 61 Maximum Achievable Control Technology, or 40 CFR Part 63 National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants other than those regulations that the USEPA has categorized as "area source".
    (b) Complete registration of an eligible source, including payment of the required fee as specified in subsection (c) of this Section, shall provide the owner or operator of the eligible source with an exemption from the requirement to obtain an air pollution construction or operating permit under this Act. The registration of smaller sources program does not relieve an owner or operator from the obligation to comply with any other applicable rules or regulations.
    (c) The owner or operator of an eligible source shall pay an annual registration fee of $235 to the Agency at the time of registration submittal and each year thereafter. Fees collected under this Section shall be deposited into the Environmental Protection Permit and Inspection Fund.
    (d) The Agency shall propose rules to implement the registration of smaller sources program. Within 120 days after the Agency proposes those rules, the Board shall adopt rules to implement the registration of smaller sources program. These rules may be subsequently amended from time to time pursuant to a proposal filed with the Board by any person, and any necessary amendments shall be adopted by the Board within 120 days after proposal. Such amendments may provide for the alteration or revision of the initial criteria included in subsection (a) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-95, eff. 7-12-11; 97-1081, eff. 8-24-12.)

415 ILCS 5/9.15

    (415 ILCS 5/9.15)
    Sec. 9.15. Greenhouse gases.
    (a) An air pollution construction permit shall not be required due to emissions of greenhouse gases if the equipment, site, or source is not subject to regulation, as defined by 40 CFR 52.21, as now or hereafter amended, for greenhouse gases. This exemption does not relieve an owner or operator from the obligation to comply with other applicable rules or regulations.
    (b) An air pollution operating permit shall not be required due to emissions of greenhouse gases if the equipment, site, or source is not subject to regulation, as defined by Section 39.5 of this Act, for greenhouse gases. This exemption does not relieve an owner or operator from the obligation to comply with other applicable rules or regulations.
    (c) Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this Section, an air pollution construction or operating permit shall not be required due to emissions of greenhouse gases if any of the following events occur:
        (1) enactment of federal legislation depriving the
    
Administrator of the USEPA of authority to regulate greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act;
        (2) the issuance of any opinion, ruling, judgment,
    
order, or decree by a federal court depriving the Administrator of the USEPA of authority to regulate greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act; or
        (3) action by the President of the United States or
    
the President's authorized agent, including the Administrator of the USEPA, to repeal or withdraw the Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule (75 Fed. Reg. 31514, June 3, 2010).
    This subsection (c) does not relieve an owner or operator from the obligation to comply with applicable rules or regulations other than those relating to greenhouse gases.
    (d) If any event listed in subsection (c) of this Section occurs, permits issued after such event shall not impose permit terms or conditions addressing greenhouse gases during the effectiveness of any event listed in subsection (c).
    (e) If an event listed in subsection (c) of this Section occurs, any owner or operator with a permit that includes terms or conditions addressing greenhouse gases may elect to submit an application to the Agency to address a revision or repeal of such terms or conditions. The Agency shall expeditiously process such permit application in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
(Source: P.A. 97-95, eff. 7-12-11.)

415 ILCS 5/9.16

    (415 ILCS 5/9.16)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 101-22)
    Sec. 9.16. Control of ethylene oxide sterilization sources.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Ethylene oxide sterilization operations" means the process of using ethylene oxide at an ethylene oxide sterilization source to make one or more items free from microorganisms, pathogens, or both microorganisms and pathogens.
    "Ethylene oxide sterilization source" means any stationary source with ethylene oxide usage that would subject it to the emissions standards in 40 CFR 63.362. "Ethylene oxide sterilization source" does not include beehive fumigators, research or laboratory facilities, hospitals, doctors' offices, clinics, or other stationary sources for which the primary purpose is to provide medical services to humans or animals.
    "Exhaust point" means any point through which ethylene oxide-laden air exits an ethylene oxide sterilization source.
    "Stationary source" has the meaning set forth in subsection 1 of Section 39.5.
    (b) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, no person shall conduct ethylene oxide sterilization operations, unless the ethylene oxide sterilization source captures, and demonstrates that it captures, 100% of all ethylene oxide emissions and reduces ethylene oxide emissions to the atmosphere from each exhaust point at the ethylene oxide sterilization source by at least 99.9% or to 0.2 parts per million.
        (1) Within 180 days after the effective date of this
    
amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly for any existing ethylene oxide sterilization source, or prior to any ethylene oxide sterilization operation for any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall conduct an initial emissions test in accordance with all of the requirements set forth in this paragraph (1) to verify that ethylene oxide emissions to the atmosphere from each exhaust point at the ethylene oxide sterilization source have been reduced by at least 99.9% or to 0.2 parts per million:
            (A) At least 30 days prior to the scheduled
        
emissions test date, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall submit a notification of the scheduled emissions test date and a copy of the proposed emissions test protocol to the Agency for review and written approval. Emissions test protocols submitted to the Agency shall address the manner in which testing will be conducted, including, but not limited to:
                (i) the name of the independent third party
            
company that will be performing sampling and analysis and the company's experience with similar emissions tests;
                (ii) the methodologies to be used;
                (iii) the conditions under which emissions
            
tests will be performed, including a discussion of why these conditions will be representative of maximum emissions from each of the 3 cycles of operation (chamber evacuation, back vent, and aeration) and the means by which the operating parameters for the emission unit and any control equipment will be determined;
                (iv) the specific determinations of emissions
            
and operations that are intended to be made, including sampling and monitoring locations; and
                (v) any changes to the test method or methods
            
proposed to accommodate the specific circumstances of testing, with justification.
            (B) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
        
sterilization source shall perform emissions testing in accordance with an Agency-approved test protocol and at representative conditions to verify that ethylene oxide emissions to the atmosphere from each exhaust point at the ethylene oxide sterilization source have been reduced by at least 99.9% or to 0.2 parts per million. The duration of the test must incorporate all 3 cycles of operation for determination of the emission reduction efficiency.
            (C) Upon Agency approval of the test protocol,
        
any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section may undertake ethylene oxide sterilization operations in accordance with the Agency-approved test protocol for the sole purpose of demonstrating compliance with this subsection (b).
            (D) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
        
sterilization source shall submit to the Agency the results of any and all emissions testing conducted after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, until the Agency accepts testing results under subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) of this subsection (b), for any existing source or prior to any ethylene oxide sterilization operation for any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section. The results documentation shall include at a minimum:
                (i) a summary of results;
                (ii) a description of test method or methods,
            
including description of sample points, sampling train, analysis equipment, and test schedule;
                (iii) a detailed description of test
            
conditions, including process information and control equipment information; and
                (iv) data and calculations, including copies
            
of all raw data sheets, opacity observation records and records of laboratory analyses, sample calculations, and equipment calibration.
            (E) Within 30 days of receipt, the Agency shall
        
accept, accept with conditions, or decline to accept a stack testing protocol and the testing results submitted to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (1) of this subsection (b). If the Agency accepts with conditions or declines to accept the results submitted, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall submit revised results of the emissions testing or conduct emissions testing again. If the owner or operator revises the results, the revised results shall be submitted within 15 days after the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source receives written notice of the Agency's conditional acceptance or rejection of the emissions testing results. If the owner or operator conducts emissions testing again, such new emissions testing shall conform to the requirements of this subsection (b).
        (2) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
    
sterilization source shall conduct emissions testing on all exhaust points at the ethylene oxide sterilization source at least once each calendar year to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of this Section and any applicable requirements concerning ethylene oxide that are set forth in either United States Environmental Protection Agency rules or Board rules. Annual emissions tests required under this paragraph (2) shall take place at least 6 months apart. An initial emissions test conducted under paragraph (1) of this subsection (b) satisfies the testing requirement of this paragraph (2) for the calendar year in which the initial emissions test is conducted.
        (3) At least 30 days before conducting the annual
    
emissions test required under paragraph (2) of this subsection (b), the owner or operator shall submit a notification of the scheduled emissions test date and a copy of the proposed emissions test protocol to the Agency for review and written approval. Emissions test protocols submitted to the Agency under this paragraph (3) must address each item listed in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of this subsection (b). Emissions testing shall be performed in accordance with an Agency-approved test protocol and at representative conditions. In addition, as soon as practicable, but no later than 30 days after the emissions test date, the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency the results of the emissions testing required under paragraph (2) of this subsection (b). Such results must include each item listed in subparagraph (D) of paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
        (4) If the owner or operator of an ethylene oxide
    
sterilization source conducts any emissions testing in addition to tests required by this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency the results of such emissions testing within 30 days after the emissions test date.
        (5) The Agency shall accept, accept with conditions,
    
or decline to accept testing results submitted to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (2) of this subsection (b). If the Agency accepts with conditions or declines to accept the results submitted, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall submit revised results of the emissions testing or conduct emissions testing again. If the owner or operator revises the results, the revised results shall be submitted within 15 days after the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source receives written notice of the Agency's conditional acceptance or rejection of the emissions testing results. If the owner or operator conducts emissions testing again, such new emissions testing shall conform to the requirements of this subsection (b).
    (c) If any emissions test conducted more than 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly fails to demonstrate that ethylene oxide emissions to the atmosphere from each exhaust point at the ethylene oxide sterilization source have been reduced by at least 99.9% or to 0.2 parts per million, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall immediately cease ethylene oxide sterilization operations and notify the Agency within 24 hours of becoming aware of the failed emissions test. Within 60 days after the date of the test, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall:
        (1) complete an analysis to determine the root cause
    
of the failed emissions test;
        (2) take any actions necessary to address that root
    
cause;
        (3) submit a report to the Agency describing the
    
findings of the root cause analysis, any work undertaken to address findings of the root cause analysis, and identifying any feasible best management practices to enhance capture and further reduce ethylene oxide levels within the ethylene oxide sterilization source, including a schedule for implementing such practices; and
        (4) upon approval by the Agency of the report
    
required by paragraph (3) of this subsection, restart ethylene oxide sterilization operations only to the extent necessary to conduct additional emissions test or tests. The ethylene oxide sterilization source shall conduct such emissions test or tests under the same requirements as the annual test described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b). The ethylene oxide sterilization source may restart operations once an emissions test successfully demonstrates that ethylene oxide emissions to the atmosphere from each exhaust point at the ethylene oxide sterilization source have been reduced by at least 99.9% or to 0.2 parts per million, the source has submitted the results of all emissions testing conducted under this subsection to the Agency, and the Agency has approved the results demonstrating compliance.
    (d) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly for any existing source or prior to any ethylene oxide sterilization operation for any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section, no person shall conduct ethylene oxide sterilization operations unless the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source submits for review and approval by the Agency a plan describing how the owner or operator will continuously collect emissions information at the ethylene oxide sterilization source. This plan must also specify locations at the ethylene oxide sterilization source from which emissions will be collected and identify equipment used for collection and analysis, including the individual system components.
        (1) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
    
sterilization source must provide a notice of acceptance of any conditions added by the Agency to the plan, or correct any deficiencies identified by the Agency in the plan, within 3 business days after receiving the Agency's conditional acceptance or denial of the plan.
        (2) Upon the Agency's approval of the plan, the owner
    
or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall implement the plan in accordance with its approved terms.
    (e) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly for any existing source or prior to any ethylene oxide sterilization operation for any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section, no person shall conduct ethylene oxide sterilization operations unless the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source submits for review and approval by the Agency an Ambient Air Monitoring Plan.
        (1) The Ambient Air Monitoring Plan shall include, at
    
a minimum, the following:
            (A) Detailed plans to collect and analyze air
        
samples for ethylene oxide on at least a quarterly basis near the property boundaries of the ethylene oxide sterilization source and at community locations with the highest modeled impact pursuant to the modeling conducted under subsection (f). Each quarterly sampling under this subsection shall be conducted over a multiple-day sampling period.
            (B) A schedule for implementation.
            (C) The name of the independent third party
        
company that will be performing sampling and analysis and the company's experience with similar testing.
        (2) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
    
sterilization source must provide a notice of acceptance of any conditions added by the Agency to the Ambient Air Monitoring Plan, or correct any deficiencies identified by the Agency in the Ambient Air Monitoring Plan, within 3 business days after receiving the Agency's conditional acceptance or denial of the plan.
        (3) Upon the Agency's approval of the plan, the owner
    
or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source shall implement the Ambient Air Monitoring Plan in accordance with its approved terms.
    (f) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly for any existing source or prior to any ethylene oxide sterilization operation for any source that first becomes subject to regulation after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly as an ethylene oxide sterilization source under this Section, no person shall conduct ethylene oxide sterilization operations unless the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source has performed dispersion modeling and the Agency approves such modeling.
        (1) Dispersion modeling must:
            (A) be conducted using accepted United States
        
Environmental Protection Agency methodologies, including 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix W, except that no background ambient levels of ethylene oxide shall be used;
            (B) use emissions and stack parameter data from
        
the emissions test conducted in accordance with paragraph (1) of subsection (b), and use 5 years of hourly meteorological data that is representative of the source's location; and
            (C) use a receptor grid that extends to at least
        
one kilometer around the source and ensure the modeling domain includes the area of maximum impact, with receptor spacing no greater than every 50 meters starting from the building walls of the source extending out to a distance of at least one-half kilometer, then every 100 meters extending out to a distance of at least one kilometer.
        (2) The owner or operator of the ethylene oxide
    
sterilization source shall submit revised results of all modeling if the Agency accepts with conditions or declines to accept the results submitted.
    (g) A facility permitted to emit ethylene oxide that has been subject to a seal order under Section 34 is prohibited from using ethylene oxide for sterilization or fumigation purposes, unless (i) the facility can provide a certification to the Agency by the supplier of a product to be sterilized or fumigated that ethylene oxide sterilization or fumigation is the only available method to completely sterilize or fumigate the product and (ii) the Agency has certified that the facility's emission control system uses technology that produces the greatest reduction in ethylene oxide emissions currently available. The certification shall be made by a company representative with knowledge of the sterilization requirements of the product. The certification requirements of this Section shall apply to any group of products packaged together and sterilized as a single product if sterilization or fumigation is the only available method to completely sterilize or fumigate more than half of the individual products contained in the package.
    A facility is not subject to the requirements of this subsection if the supporting findings of the seal order under Section 34 are found to be without merit by a court of competent jurisdiction.
    (h) If an entity, or any parent or subsidiary of an entity, that owns or operates a facility permitted by the Agency to emit ethylene oxide acquires by purchase, license, or any other method of acquisition any intellectual property right in a sterilization technology that does not involve the use of ethylene oxide, or by purchase, merger, or any other method of acquisition of any entity that holds an intellectual property right in a sterilization technology that does not involve the use of ethylene oxide, that entity, parent, or subsidiary shall notify the Agency of the acquisition within 30 days of acquiring it. If that entity, parent, or subsidiary has not used the sterilization technology within 3 years of its acquisition, the entity shall notify the Agency within 30 days of the 3-year period elapsing.
    An entity, or any parent or subsidiary of an entity, that owns or operates a facility permitted by the Agency to emit ethylene oxide that has any intellectual property right in any sterilization technology that does not involve the use of ethylene oxide shall notify the Agency of any offers that it makes to license or otherwise allow the technology to be used by third parties within 30 days of making the offer.
    An entity, or any parent or subsidiary of an entity, that owns or operates a facility permitted by the Agency to emit ethylene oxide shall provide the Agency with a list of all U.S. patent registrations for sterilization technology that the entity, parent, or subsidiary has any property right in. The list shall include the following:
        (1) The patent number assigned by the United States
    
Patent and Trademark Office for each patent.
        (2) The date each patent was filed.
        (3) The names and addresses of all owners or
    
assignees of each patent.
        (4) The names and addresses of all inventors of each
    
patent.
    (i) If a CAAPP permit applicant applies to use ethylene oxide as a sterilant or fumigant at a facility not in existence prior to January 1, 2020, the Agency shall issue a CAAPP permit for emission of ethylene oxide only if:
        (1) the nearest school or park is at least 10 miles
    
from the permit applicant in counties with populations greater than 50,000;
        (2) the nearest school or park is at least 15 miles
    
from the permit applicant in counties with populations less than or equal to 50,000; and
        (3) within 7 days after the application for a CAAPP
    
permit, the permit applicant has published its permit request on its website, published notice in a local newspaper of general circulation, and provided notice to:
            (A) the State Representative for the
        
representative district in which the facility is located;
            (B) the State Senator for the legislative
        
district in which the facility is located;
            (C) the members of the county board for the
        
county in which the facility is located; and
            (D) the local municipal board members and
        
executives.
    (j) The owner or operator of an ethylene oxide sterilization source must apply for and obtain a construction permit from the Agency for any modifications made to the source to comply with the requirements of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, including, but not limited to, installation of a permanent total enclosure, modification of airflow to create negative pressure within the source, and addition of one or more control devices. Additionally, the owner or operator of the ethylene oxide sterilization source must apply for and obtain from the Agency a modification of the source's operating permit to incorporate such modifications made to the source. Both the construction permit and operating permit must include a limit on ethylene oxide usage at the source.
    (k) Nothing in this Section shall be interpreted to excuse the ethylene oxide sterilization source from complying with any applicable local requirements.
    (l) The owner or operator of an ethylene oxide sterilization source must notify the Agency within 5 days after discovering any deviation from any of the requirements in this Section or deviations from any applicable requirements concerning ethylene oxide that are set forth in this Act, United States Environmental Protection Agency rules, or Board rules. As soon as practicable, but no later than 5 business days, after the Agency receives such notification, the Agency must post a notice on its website and notify the members of the General Assembly from the Legislative and Representative Districts in which the source in question is located, the county board members of the county in which the source in question is located, the corporate authorities of the municipality in which the source in question is located, and the Illinois Department of Public Health.
    (m) The Agency must conduct at least one unannounced inspection of all ethylene oxide sterilization sources subject to this Section per year. Nothing in this Section shall limit the Agency's authority under other provisions of this Act to conduct inspections of ethylene oxide sterilization sources.
    (n) The Agency shall conduct air testing to determine the ambient levels of ethylene oxide throughout the State. The Agency shall, within 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, submit rules for ambient air testing of ethylene oxide to the Board.
(Source: P.A. 101-22, eff. 6-21-19.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 101-23)
    Sec. 9.16. Nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions sources.
    (a) In this Section, "nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source" means an ethylene oxide emissions source permitted by the Agency that currently emits more than 150 pounds of ethylene oxide as reported on the source's 2017 Toxic Release Inventory and is located in a county with a population of at least 700,000 based on 2010 census data. "Nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source" does not include facilities that are ethylene oxide sterilization sources or hospitals that are licensed under the Hospital Licensing Act or operated under the University of Illinois Hospital Act.
    (b) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, no nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source shall conduct activities that cause ethylene oxide emissions unless the owner or operator of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source submits for review and approval of the Agency a plan describing how the owner or operator will continuously collect emissions information. The plan must specify locations at the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source from which emissions will be collected and identify equipment used for collection and analysis, including the individual system components.
        (1) The owner or operator of the nonnegligible
    
ethylene oxide emissions source must provide a notice of acceptance of any conditions added by the Agency to the plan or correct any deficiencies identified by the Agency in the plan within 3 business days after receiving the Agency's conditional acceptance or denial of the plan.
        (2) Upon the Agency's approval of the plan the owner
    
or operator of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source shall implement the plan in accordance with its approved terms.
    (c) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, no nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source shall conduct activities that cause ethylene oxide emissions unless the owner or operator of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source has performed dispersion modeling and the Agency approves the dispersion modeling.
        (1) Dispersion modeling must:
            (A) be conducted using accepted United States
        
Environmental Protection Agency methodologies, including Appendix W to 40 CFR 51, except that no background ambient levels of ethylene oxide shall be used;
            (B) use emissions and stack parameter data from
        
any emissions test conducted and 5 years of hourly meteorological data that is representative of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source's location; and
            (C) use a receptor grid that extends to at least
        
one kilometer around the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source and ensures the modeling domain includes the area of maximum impact, with receptor spacing no greater than every 50 meters starting from the building walls of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source extending out to a distance of at least 1/2 kilometer, then every 100 meters extending out to a distance of at least one kilometer.
        (2) The owner or operator of the nonnegligible
    
ethylene oxide emissions source shall submit revised results of all modeling if the Agency accepts with conditions or declines to accept the results submitted.
    (d) Beginning 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, no nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source shall conduct activities that cause ethylene oxide emissions unless the owner or operator of the nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source obtains a permit consistent with the requirements in this Section from the Agency to conduct activities that may result in the emission of ethylene oxide.
    (e) The Agency in issuing the applicable permits to a nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source shall:
        (1) impose a site-specific annual cap on ethylene
    
oxide emissions set to protect the public health; and
        (2) include permit conditions granting the Agency the
    
authority to reopen the permit if the Agency determines that the emissions of ethylene oxide from the permitted nonnegligible ethylene oxide emissions source pose a risk to the public health as defined by the Agency.
(Source: P.A. 101-23, eff. 6-21-19.)

415 ILCS 5/10

    (415 ILCS 5/10) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1010)
    Sec. 10. Regulations.
    (A) The Board, pursuant to procedures prescribed in Title VII of this Act, may adopt regulations to promote the purposes of this Title. Without limiting the generality of this authority, such regulations may among other things prescribe:
        (a) (Blank);
        (b) Emission standards specifying the maximum amounts
    
or concentrations of various contaminants that may be discharged into the atmosphere;
        (c) Standards for the issuance of permits for
    
construction, installation, or operation of any equipment, facility, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft capable of causing or contributing to air pollution or designed to prevent air pollution;
        (d) Standards and conditions regarding the sale,
    
offer, or use of any fuel, vehicle, or other article determined by the Board to constitute an air-pollution hazard;
        (e) Alert and abatement standards relative to
    
air-pollution episodes or emergencies constituting an acute danger to health or to the environment;
        (f) Requirements and procedures for the inspection of
    
any equipment, facility, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft that may cause or contribute to air pollution;
        (g) Requirements and standards for equipment and
    
procedures for monitoring contaminant discharges at their sources, the collection of samples and the collection, reporting and retention of data resulting from such monitoring.
    (B) The Board may adopt regulations and emission standards that are applicable or that may become applicable to stationary emission sources located in all areas of the State in accordance with any of the following:
        (1) that are required by federal law;
        (2) that are otherwise part of the State's attainment
    
plan and are necessary to attain the national ambient air quality standards; or
        (3) that are necessary to comply with the
    
requirements of the federal Clean Air Act.
    (C) The Board may not adopt any regulation banning the burning of landscape waste throughout the State generally. The Board may, by regulation, restrict or prohibit the burning of landscape waste within any geographical area of the State if it determines based on medical and biological evidence generally accepted by the scientific community that such burning will produce in the atmosphere of that geographical area contaminants in sufficient quantities and of such characteristics and duration as to be injurious to humans, plant, or animal life, or health.
    (D) The Board shall adopt regulations requiring the owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing system that dispenses more than 10,000 gallons of gasoline per month to install and operate a system for the recovery of gasoline vapor emissions arising from the fueling of motor vehicles that meets the requirements of Section 182 of the federal Clean Air Act (42 USC 7511a). These regulations shall apply only in areas of the State that are classified as moderate, serious, severe or extreme nonattainment areas for ozone pursuant to Section 181 of the federal Clean Air Act (42 USC 7511), but shall not apply in such areas classified as moderate nonattainment areas for ozone if the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promulgates standards for vehicle-based (onboard) systems for the control of vehicle refueling emissions pursuant to Section 202(a)(6) of the federal Clean Air Act (42 USC 7521(a)(6)) by November 15, 1992.
    (E) The Board shall not adopt or enforce any regulation requiring the use of a tarpaulin or other covering on a truck, trailer, or other vehicle that is stricter than the requirements of Section 15-109.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code. To the extent that it is in conflict with this subsection, the Board's rule codified as 35 Ill. Admin. Code, Section 212.315 is hereby superseded.
    (F) Any person who prior to June 8, 1988, has filed a timely Notice of Intent to Petition for an Adjusted RACT Emissions Limitation and who subsequently timely files a completed petition for an adjusted RACT emissions limitation pursuant to 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 215, Subpart I, shall be subject to the procedures contained in Subpart I but shall be excluded by operation of law from 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 215, Subparts PP, QQ and RR, including the applicable definitions in 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 211. Such persons shall instead be subject to a separate regulation which the Board is hereby authorized to adopt pursuant to the adjusted RACT emissions limitation procedure in 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 215, Subpart I. In its final action on the petition, the Board shall create a separate rule which establishes Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for such person. The purpose of this procedure is to create separate and independent regulations for purposes of SIP submittal, review, and approval by USEPA.
    (G) Subpart FF of Subtitle B, Title 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Sections 218.720 through 218.730 and Sections 219.720 through 219.730, are hereby repealed by operation of law and are rendered null and void and of no force and effect.
    (H) In accordance with subsection (b) of Section 7.2, the Board shall adopt ambient air quality standards specifying the maximum permissible short-term and long-term concentrations of various contaminants in the atmosphere; those standards shall be identical in substance to the national ambient air quality standards promulgated by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with Section 109 of the Clean Air Act. The Board may consolidate into a single rulemaking under this subsection all such federal regulations adopted within a period of time not to exceed 6 months. The provisions and requirements of Title VII of this Act and Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act, relating to procedures for rulemaking, shall not apply to identical in substance regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection. However, the Board shall provide for notice and public comment before adopted rules are filed with the Secretary of State. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit the right of any person to submit a proposal to the Board, or the authority of the Board to adopt, air quality standards more stringent than the standards promulgated by the Administrator, pursuant to the rulemaking requirements of Title VII of this Act and Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-945, eff. 8-10-12.)

415 ILCS 5/Tit. III

 
    (415 ILCS 5/Tit. III heading)
TITLE III: WATER POLLUTION

415 ILCS 5/11

    (415 ILCS 5/11) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1011)
    Sec. 11. (a) The General Assembly finds:
    (1) that pollution of the waters of this State constitutes a menace to public health and welfare, creates public nuisances, is harmful to wildlife, fish, and aquatic life, impairs domestic, agricultural, industrial, recreational, and other legitimate beneficial uses of water, depresses property values, and offends the senses;
    (2) that the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, provides for a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) to regulate the discharge of contaminants to the waters of the United States;
    (3) that the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, provides for an Underground Injection Control (UIC) program to regulate the underground injection of contaminants;
    (4) that it would be inappropriate and misleading for the State of Illinois to issue permits to contaminant sources subject to such federal law, as well as State law, which do not contain such terms and conditions as are required by federal law, or the issuance of which is contrary to federal law;
    (5) that the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, provides that NPDES permits shall be issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency unless (a) the State is authorized by and under its law to establish and administer its own permit program for discharges into waters within its jurisdiction, and (b) pursuant to such federal Act, the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency approves such State program to issue permits which will implement the provisions of such federal Act;
    (6) that Part C of the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, provides that the United States Environmental Protection Agency shall implement the UIC program authorized therein unless (a) the State is authorized by and under its law to establish and administer its own UIC program, and (b) pursuant to such federal Act, the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency approves such State program which will implement the provisions of such federal Act;
    (7) that it is in the interest of the People of the State of Illinois for the State to authorize such NPDES and UIC programs and secure federal approval thereof, and thereby to avoid the existence of duplicative, overlapping or conflicting state and federal statutory permit systems;
    (8) that the federal requirements for the securing of such NPDES and UIC permit program approval, as set forth in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, and in the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, respectively, and in regulations promulgated by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency pursuant thereto are complex and detailed, and the General Assembly cannot conveniently or advantageously set forth in this Act all the requirements of such federal Act or all regulations which may be established thereunder.
    (b) It is the purpose of this Title to restore, maintain and enhance the purity of the waters of this State in order to protect health, welfare, property, and the quality of life, and to assure that no contaminants are discharged into the waters of the State, as defined herein, including, but not limited to, waters to any sewage works, or into any well, or from any source within the State of Illinois, without being given the degree of treatment or control necessary to prevent pollution, or without being made subject to such conditions as are required to achieve and maintain compliance with State and federal law; and to authorize, empower, and direct the Board to adopt such regulations and the Agency to adopt such procedures as will enable the State to secure federal approval to issue NPDES permits pursuant to the provisions of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, and federal regulations pursuant thereto and to authorize, empower, and direct the Board to adopt such regulations and the Agency to adopt such procedures as will enable the State to secure federal approval of the State UIC program pursuant to the provisions of Part C of the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, and federal regulations pursuant thereto.
    (c) The provisions of this Act authorizing implementation of the regulations pursuant to an NPDES program shall not be construed to limit, affect, impair, or diminish the authority, duties and responsibilities of the Board, Agency, Department or any other governmental agency or officer, or of any unit of local government, to regulate and control pollution of any kind, to restore, to protect or to enhance the quality of the environment, or to achieve all other purposes, or to enforce provisions, set forth in this Act or other State law or regulation.
(Source: P.A. 86-671.)

415 ILCS 5/12

    (415 ILCS 5/12) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1012)
    Sec. 12. Actions prohibited. No person shall:
    (a) Cause or threaten or allow the discharge of any contaminants into the environment in any State so as to cause or tend to cause water pollution in Illinois, either alone or in combination with matter from other sources, or so as to violate regulations or standards adopted by the Pollution Control Board under this Act.
    (b) Construct, install, or operate any equipment, facility, vessel, or aircraft capable of causing or contributing to water pollution, or designed to prevent water pollution, of any type designated by Board regulations, without a permit granted by the Agency, or in violation of any conditions imposed by such permit.
    (c) Increase the quantity or strength of any discharge of contaminants into the waters, or construct or install any sewer or sewage treatment facility or any new outlet for contaminants into the waters of this State, without a permit granted by the Agency.
    (d) Deposit any contaminants upon the land in such place and manner so as to create a water pollution hazard.
    (e) Sell, offer, or use any article in any area in which the Board has by regulation forbidden its sale, offer, or use for reasons of water pollution control.
    (f) Cause, threaten or allow the discharge of any contaminant into the waters of the State, as defined herein, including but not limited to, waters to any sewage works, or into any well or from any point source within the State, without an NPDES permit for point source discharges issued by the Agency under Section 39(b) of this Act, or in violation of any term or condition imposed by such permit, or in violation of any NPDES permit filing requirement established under Section 39(b), or in violation of any regulations adopted by the Board or of any order adopted by the Board with respect to the NPDES program.
    No permit shall be required under this subsection and under Section 39(b) of this Act for any discharge for which a permit is not required under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, and regulations pursuant thereto.
    For all purposes of this Act, a permit issued by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency under Section 402 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, shall be deemed to be a permit issued by the Agency pursuant to Section 39(b) of this Act. However, this shall not apply to the exclusion from the requirement of an operating permit provided under Section 13(b)(i).
    Compliance with the terms and conditions of any permit issued under Section 39(b) of this Act shall be deemed compliance with this subsection except that it shall not be deemed compliance with any standard or effluent limitation imposed for a toxic pollutant injurious to human health.
    In any case where a permit has been timely applied for pursuant to Section 39(b) of this Act but final administrative disposition of such application has not been made, it shall not be a violation of this subsection to discharge without such permit unless the complainant proves that final administrative disposition has not been made because of the failure of the applicant to furnish information reasonably required or requested in order to process the application.
    (g) Cause, threaten or allow the underground injection of contaminants without a UIC permit issued by the Agency under Section 39(d) of this Act, or in violation of any term or condition imposed by such permit, or in violation of any regulations or standards adopted by the Board or of any order adopted by the Board with respect to the UIC program.
    No permit shall be required under this subsection and under Section 39(d) of this Act for any underground injection of contaminants for which a permit is not required under Part C of the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, unless a permit is authorized or required under regulations adopted by the Board pursuant to Section 13 of this Act.
    (h) Introduce contaminants into a sewage works from any nondomestic source except in compliance with the regulations and standards adopted by the Board under this Act.
    (i) Beginning January 1, 2013 or 6 months after the date of issuance of a general NPDES permit for surface discharging private sewage disposal systems by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency or by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, whichever is later, construct or install a surface discharging private sewage disposal system that discharges into the waters of the United States, as that term is used in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, unless he or she has a coverage letter under a NPDES permit issued by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency or by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or he or she is constructing or installing the surface discharging private sewage disposal system in a jurisdiction in which the local public health department has a general NPDES permit issued by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency or by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the surface discharging private sewage disposal system is covered under the general NPDES permit.
(Source: P.A. 96-801, eff. 1-1-10; 97-1081, eff. 8-24-12.)

415 ILCS 5/12.1

    (415 ILCS 5/12.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1012.1)
    Sec. 12.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83-1358. Repealed by P.A. 92-574, eff. 6-26-02.)

415 ILCS 5/12.2

    (415 ILCS 5/12.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1012.2)
    Sec. 12.2. Water pollution construction permit fees.
    (a) Beginning July 1, 2003, the Agency shall collect a fee in the amount set forth in this Section:
        (1) for any sewer which requires a construction
    
permit under paragraph (b) of Section 12, from each applicant for a sewer construction permit under paragraph (b) of Section 12 or regulations adopted hereunder; and
        (2) for any treatment works, industrial pretreatment
    
works, or industrial wastewater source that requires a construction permit under paragraph (b) of Section 12, from the applicant for the construction permit. However, no fee shall be required for a treatment works or wastewater source directly covered and authorized under an NPDES permit issued by the Agency, nor for any treatment works, industrial pretreatment works, or industrial wastewater source (i) that is under or pending construction authorized by a valid construction permit issued by the Agency prior to July 1, 2003, during the term of that construction permit, or (ii) for which a completed construction permit application has been received by the Agency prior to July 1, 2003, with respect to the permit issued under that application.
    (b) Each applicant or person required to pay a fee under this Section shall submit the fee to the Agency along with the permit application. The Agency shall deny any construction permit application for which a fee is required under this Section that does not contain the appropriate fee.
    (c) The amount of the fee is as follows:
        (1) A $100 fee shall be required for any sewer
    
constructed with a design population of 1.
        (2) A $400 fee shall be required for any sewer
    
constructed with a design population of 2 to 20.
        (3) A $800 fee shall be required for any sewer
    
constructed with a design population greater than 20 but less than 101.
        (4) A $1200 fee shall be required for any sewer
    
constructed with a design population greater than 100 but less than 500.
        (5) A $2400 fee shall be required for any sewer
    
constructed with a design population of 500 or more.
        (6) A $1,000 fee shall be required for any industrial
    
wastewater source that does not require pretreatment of the wastewater prior to discharge to the publicly owned treatment works or publicly regulated treatment works.
        (7) A $3,000 fee shall be required for any industrial
    
wastewater source that requires pretreatment of the wastewater for non-toxic pollutants prior to discharge to the publicly owned treatment works or publicly regulated treatment works.
        (8) A $6,000 fee shall be required for any industrial
    
wastewater source that requires pretreatment of the wastewater for toxic pollutants prior to discharge to the publicly owned treatment works or publicly regulated treatment works.
        (9) A $2,500 fee shall be required for construction
    
relating to land application of industrial sludge or spray irrigation of industrial wastewater.
    All fees collected by the Agency under this Section shall be deposited into the Environmental Protection Permit and Inspection Fund in accordance with Section 22.8.
    (d) Prior to a final Agency decision on a permit application for which a fee has been paid under this Section, the applicant may propose modification to the application in accordance with this Act and regulations adopted hereunder without any additional fee becoming due, unless the proposed modifications cause an increase in the design population served by the sewer specified in the permit application before the modifications or the modifications cause a change in the applicable fee category stated in subsection (c). If the modifications cause such an increase or change the fee category and the increase results in additional fees being due under subsection (c), the applicant shall submit the additional fee to the Agency with the proposed modifications.
    (e) No fee shall be due under this Section from:
        (1) any department, agency or unit of State
    
government for installing or extending a sewer;
        (2) any unit of local government with which the
    
Agency has entered into a written delegation agreement under Section 4 which allows such unit to issue construction permits under this Title, or regulations adopted hereunder, for installing or extending a sewer; or
        (3) any unit of local government or school district
    
for installing or extending a sewer where both of the following conditions are met:
            (i) the cost of the installation or extension is
        
paid wholly from monies of the unit of local government or school district, State grants or loans, federal grants or loans, or any combination thereof; and
            (ii) the unit of local government or school
        
district is not given monies, reimbursed or paid, either in whole or in part, by another person (except for State grants or loans or federal grants or loans) for the installation or extension.
    (f) The Agency may establish procedures relating to the collection of fees under this Section. The Agency shall not refund any fee paid to it under this Section. Notwithstanding the provisions of any rule adopted before July 1, 2003 concerning fees under this Section, the Agency shall assess and collect the fees imposed under subdivision (a)(2) of this Section and the increases in the fees imposed under subdivision (a)(1) of this Section beginning on July 1, 2003, for all completed applications received on or after that date.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Agency shall, not later than 45 days following the receipt of both an application for a construction permit and the fee required by this Section, either approve that application and issue a permit or tender to the applicant a written statement setting forth with specificity the reasons for the disapproval of the application and denial of a permit. If the Agency takes no final action within 45 days after the filing of the application for a permit, the applicant may deem the permit issued.
    (h) For purposes of this Section:
    "Toxic pollutants" means those pollutants defined in Section 502(13) of the federal Clean Water Act and regulations adopted pursuant to that Act.
    "Industrial" refers to those industrial users referenced in Section 502(13) of the federal Clean Water Act and regulations adopted pursuant to that Act.
    "Pretreatment" means the reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing those pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works or publicly regulated treatment works.
(Source: P.A. 93-32, eff. 7-1-03.)

415 ILCS 5/12.3

    (415 ILCS 5/12.3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1012.3)
    Sec. 12.3. Septic system sludge. Beginning January 1, 1993, any wastewater treatment facility or other appropriate waste disposal facility owned or operated by a unit of local government located in a county with a population of less than 3,000,000 may accept, for appropriate treatment or disposal, any septic system sludge generated by any private residence within that unit of local government or within any other unit of local government that is located within the same county and not served by its own wastewater treatment facility. The unit of local government may establish and charge reasonable fees for the acceptance, handling, treatment, and disposal of the sludge to defray any additional capital costs incurred specifically to comply with this Section.
    This Section does not limit any power exercised by a unit of local government under any other law.
(Source: P.A. 87-1138.)

415 ILCS 5/12.4

    (415 ILCS 5/12.4)
    Sec. 12.4. Vegetable by-product; land application; report. In addition to any other requirements of this Act, a generator of vegetable by-products utilizing land application shall prepare an annual report identifying the quantity of vegetable by-products transported for land application during the reporting period, the hauler or haulers utilized for the transportation, and the sites to which the vegetable by-products were transported. The report must be retained on the premises of the generator for a minimum of 5 calendar years after the end of the applicable reporting period and must, during that time, be made available to the Agency for inspection and copying during normal business hours.
(Source: P.A. 100-103, eff. 8-11-17.)

415 ILCS 5/12.5

    (415 ILCS 5/12.5)
    Sec. 12.5. NPDES discharge fees; sludge permit fees.
    (a) Beginning July 1, 2003, the Agency shall assess and collect annual fees (i) in the amounts set forth in subsection (e) for all discharges that require an NPDES permit under subsection (f) of Section 12, from each person holding an NPDES permit authorizing those discharges (including a person who continues to discharge under an expired permit pending renewal), and (ii) in the amounts set forth in subsection (f) of this Section for all activities that require a permit under subsection (b) of Section 12, from each person holding a domestic sewage sludge generator or user permit.
    Each person subject to this Section must remit the applicable annual fee to the Agency in accordance with the requirements set forth in this Section and any rules adopted pursuant to this Section.
    (b) Within 30 days after the effective date of this Section, and each year thereafter, except when a fee is not due because of the operation of subsection (c), the Agency shall send a fee notice by mail to each existing permittee subject to a fee under this Section at his or her address of record. The notice shall state the amount of the applicable annual fee and the date by which payment is required.
    Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to initial fees under new permits and certain modifications of existing permits, fees payable under this Section are due by the date specified in the fee notice, which shall be no less than 30 days after the date the fee notice is mailed by the Agency.
    (c) The initial annual fee for discharges under a new NPDES permit or for activity under a new sludge generator or sludge user permit must be remitted to the Agency prior to the issuance of the permit. The Agency shall provide notice of the amount of the fee to the applicant during its review of the application. In the case of a new NPDES or sludge permit issued during the months of January through June, the Agency may prorate the initial annual fee payable under this Section.
    The initial annual fee for discharges or other activity under a general NPDES permit must be remitted to the Agency as part of the application for coverage under that general permit.
    Beginning January 1, 2010, in the case of construction site storm water discharges for which a coverage letter under a general NPDES permit or individual NPDES permit has been issued or for which the application for coverage under an NPDES permit has been filed with the Agency, no annual fee shall be due after payment of an initial annual fee in the amount provided in subsection (e)(10) of this Section.
    If a requested modification to an existing NPDES permit causes a change in the applicable fee categories under subsection (e) that results in an increase in the required fee, the permittee must pay to the Agency the amount of the increase, prorated for the number of months remaining before the next July 1, before the modification is granted.
    (d) Failure to submit the fee required under this Section by the due date constitutes a violation of this Section. Late payments shall incur an interest penalty, calculated at the rate in effect from time to time for tax delinquencies under subsection (a) of Section 1003 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, from the date the fee is due until the date the fee payment is received by the Agency.
    (e) The annual fees applicable to discharges under NPDES permits are as follows:
        (1) For NPDES permits for publicly owned treatment
    
works, other facilities for which the wastewater being treated and discharged is primarily domestic sewage, and wastewater discharges from the operation of public water supply treatment facilities, the fee is:
            (i) $1,500 for the 12 months beginning July 1,
        
2003 and $500 for each subsequent year, for facilities with a Design Average Flow rate of less than 100,000 gallons per day;
            (ii) $5,000 for the 12 months beginning July 1,
        
2003 and $2,500 for each subsequent year, for facilities with a Design Average Flow rate of at least 100,000 gallons per day but less than 500,000 gallons per day;
            (iii) $7,500 for facilities with a Design Average
        
Flow rate of at least 500,000 gallons per day but less than 1,000,000 gallons per day;
            (iv) $15,000 for facilities with a Design Average
        
Flow rate of at least 1,000,000 gallons per day but less than 5,000,000 gallons per day;
            (v) $30,000 for facilities with a Design Average
        
Flow rate of at least 5,000,000 gallons per day but less than 10,000,000 gallons per day; and
            (vi) $50,000 for facilities with a Design Average
        
Flow rate of 10,000,000 gallons per day or more.
        (2) For NPDES permits for treatment works or sewer
    
collection systems that include combined sewer overflow outfalls, the fee is:
            (i) $1,000 for systems serving a tributary
        
population of 10,000 or less;
            (ii) $5,000 for systems serving a tributary
        
population that is greater than 10,000 but not more than 25,000; and
            (iii) $20,000 for systems serving a tributary
        
population that is greater than 25,000.
        The fee amounts in this subdivision (e)(2) are in
    
addition to the fees stated in subdivision (e)(1) when the combined sewer overflow outfall is contained within a permit subject to subsection (e)(1) fees.
        (3) For NPDES permits for mines producing coal, the
    
fee is $5,000.
        (4) For NPDES permits for mines other than mines
    
producing coal, the fee is $5,000.
        (5) For NPDES permits for industrial activity where
    
toxic substances are not regulated, other than permits covered under subdivision (e)(3) or (e)(4), the fee is:
            (i) $1,000 for a facility with a Design Average
        
Flow rate that is not more than 10,000 gallons per day;
            (ii) $2,500 for a facility with a Design Average
        
Flow rate that is more than 10,000 gallons per day but not more than 100,000 gallons per day; and
            (iii) $10,000 for a facility with a Design
        
Average Flow rate that is more than 100,000 gallons per day.
        (6) For NPDES permits for industrial activity where
    
toxic substances are regulated, other than permits covered under subdivision (e)(3) or (e)(4), the fee is:
            (i) $15,000 for a facility with a Design Average
        
Flow rate that is not more than 250,000 gallons per day; and
            (ii) $20,000 for a facility with a Design Average
        
Flow rate that is more than 250,000 gallons per day.
        (7) For NPDES permits for industrial activity
    
classified by USEPA as a major discharge, other than permits covered under subdivision (e)(3) or (e)(4), the fee is:
            (i) $30,000 for a facility where toxic substances
        
are not regulated; and
            (ii) $50,000 for a facility where toxic
        
substances are regulated.
        (8) For NPDES permits for municipal separate storm
    
sewer systems, the fee is $1,000.
        (9) For NPDES permits for industrial storm water, the
    
fee is $500.
        (10) For NPDES permits for construction site storm
    
water, the fee
            (A) for applications received before January 1,
        
2010 is $500;
            (B) for applications received on or after January
        
1, 2010 is:
                (i) $250 if less than 5 acres are disturbed;
            
and
                (ii) $750 if 5 or more acres are disturbed.
        (11) For an NPDES permit for a Concentrated Animal
    
Feeding Operation (CAFO), the fee is:
            (A) $750 for a Large CAFO, as defined in 40
        
C.F.R. 122.23(b)(4);
            (B) $350 for a Medium CAFO, as defined in 40
        
C.F.R. 122.23(b)(6); and
            (C) $150 for a Small CAFO, as defined in 40
        
C.F.R. 122.23(b)(9).
    (f) The annual fee for activities under a permit that authorizes applying sludge on land is $2,500 for a sludge generator permit and $5,000 for a sludge user permit.
    (g) More than one of the annual fees specified in subsections (e) and (f) may be applicable to a permit holder. These fees are in addition to any other fees required under this Act.
    (h) The fees imposed under this Section do not apply to the State or any department or agency of the State, nor to any school district, or to any private sewage disposal system as defined in the Private Sewage Disposal Licensing Act (225 ILCS 225/).
    (i) The Agency may adopt rules to administer the fee program established in this Section. The Agency may include provisions pertaining to invoices, notice of late payment, refunds, and disputes concerning the amount or timeliness of payment. The Agency may set forth procedures and criteria for the acceptance of payments. The absence of such rules does not affect the duty of the Agency to immediately begin the assessment and collection of fees under this Section.
    (j) All fees and interest penalties collected by the Agency under this Section shall be deposited into the Illinois Clean Water Fund, which is hereby created as a special fund in the State treasury. Gifts, supplemental environmental project funds, and grants may be deposited into the Fund. Investment earnings on moneys held in the Fund shall be credited to the Fund.
    Subject to appropriation, the moneys in the Fund shall be used by the Agency to carry out the Agency's clean water activities.
    (k) Except as provided in subsection (l) or Agency rules, fees paid to the Agency under this Section are not refundable.
    (l) The Agency may refund the difference between (a) the amount paid by any person under subsection (e)(1)(i) or (e)(1)(ii) of this Section for the 12 months beginning July 1, 2004 and (b) the amount due under subsection (e)(1)(i) or (e)(1)(ii) as established by this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 96-245, eff. 8-11-09; 97-962, eff. 8-15-12.)

415 ILCS 5/12.6

    (415 ILCS 5/12.6)
    Sec. 12.6. Certification fees.
    (a) Beginning July 1, 2003, the Agency shall collect a fee in the amount set forth in subsection (b) from each applicant for a state water quality certification required by Section 401 of the federal Clean Water Act prior to a federal authorization pursuant to Section 404 of that Act; except that the fee does not apply to the State or any department or agency of the State, nor to any school district.
    (b) The amount of the fee for a State water quality certification is $350 or 1% of the gross value of the proposed project, whichever is greater, but not to exceed $10,000.
    (c) Each applicant seeking a federal authorization of an action requiring a Section 401 state water quality certification by the Agency shall submit the required fee to the Agency prior to the issuance of the certification. The Agency shall provide notice of the amount of the fee to the applicant during its review of the application. The Agency shall not issue a Section 401 state water quality certification until the appropriate fee has been received from the applicant.
    (d) The Agency may establish procedures relating to the collection of fees under this Section. Notwithstanding the adoption of any rules establishing such procedures, the Agency may begin collecting fees under this Section on July 1, 2003 for all complete applications received on or after that date.
    All fees collected by the Agency under this Section shall be deposited into the Illinois Clean Water Fund. Fees paid under this Section are not refundable.
(Source: P.A. 95-516, eff. 8-28-07.)

415 ILCS 5/13

    (415 ILCS 5/13) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1013)
    Sec. 13. Regulations.
    (a) The Board, pursuant to procedures prescribed in Title VII of this Act, may adopt regulations to promote the purposes and provisions of this Title. Without limiting the generality of this authority, such regulations may among other things prescribe:
        (1) Water quality standards specifying among other
    
things, the maximum short-term and long-term concentrations of various contaminants in the waters, the minimum permissible concentrations of dissolved oxygen and other desirable matter in the waters, and the temperature of such waters;
        (2) Effluent standards specifying the maximum amounts
    
or concentrations, and the physical, chemical, thermal, biological and radioactive nature of contaminants that may be discharged into the waters of the State, as defined herein, including, but not limited to, waters to any sewage works, or into any well, or from any source within the State;
        (3) Standards for the issuance of permits for
    
construction, installation, or operation of any equipment, facility, vessel, or aircraft capable of causing or contributing to water pollution or designed to prevent water pollution or for the construction or installation of any sewer or sewage treatment facility or any new outlet for contaminants into the waters of this State;
        (4) The circumstances under which the operators of
    
sewage works are required to obtain and maintain certification by the Agency under Section 13.5 and the types of sewage works to which those requirements apply, which may, without limitation, include wastewater treatment works, pretreatment works, and sewers and collection systems;
        (5) Standards for the filling or sealing of abandoned
    
water wells and holes, and holes for disposal of drainage in order to protect ground water against contamination;
        (6) Standards and conditions regarding the sale,
    
offer, or use of any pesticide, detergent, or any other article determined by the Board to constitute a water pollution hazard, provided that any such regulations relating to pesticides shall be adopted only in accordance with the "Illinois Pesticide Act", approved August 14, 1979 as amended;
        (7) Alert and abatement standards relative to
    
water-pollution episodes or emergencies which constitute an acute danger to health or to the environment;
        (8) Requirements and procedures for the inspection of
    
any equipment, facility, or vessel that may cause or contribute to water pollution;
        (9) Requirements and standards for equipment and
    
procedures for monitoring contaminant discharges at their sources, the collection of samples and the collection, reporting and retention of data resulting from such monitoring.
    (b) Notwithstanding other provisions of this Act and for purposes of implementing an NPDES program, the Board shall adopt:
        (1) Requirements, standards, and procedures which,
    
together with other regulations adopted pursuant to this Section 13, are necessary or appropriate to enable the State of Illinois to implement and participate in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) pursuant to and under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended. All regulations adopted by the Board governing the NPDES program shall be consistent with the applicable provisions of such federal Act and regulations pursuant thereto, and otherwise shall be consistent with all other provisions of this Act, and shall exclude from the requirement to obtain any operating permit otherwise required under this Title a facility for which an NPDES permit has been issued under Section 39(b); provided, however, that for purposes of this paragraph, a UIC permit, as required under Section 12(g) and 39(d) of this Act, is not an operating permit.
        (2) Regulations for the exemption of any category or
    
categories of persons or contaminant sources from the requirement to obtain any NPDES permit prescribed or from any standards or conditions governing such permit when the environment will be adequately protected without the requirement of such permit, and such exemption is either consistent with the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as now or hereafter amended, or regulations pursuant thereto, or is necessary to avoid an arbitrary or unreasonable hardship to such category or categories of persons or sources.
    (c) In accordance with Section 7.2, and notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, for purposes of implementing a State UIC program, the Board shall adopt regulations which are identical in substance to federal regulations or amendments thereto promulgated by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with Section 1421 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended. The Board may consolidate into a single rulemaking under this Section all such federal regulations adopted within a period of time not to exceed 6 months. The provisions and requirements of Title VII of this Act shall not apply to regulations adopted under this subsection. Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act relating to procedures for rulemaking shall not apply to regulations adopted under this subsection.
    (d) The Board may adopt regulations relating to a State UIC program that are not inconsistent with and are at least as stringent as the Safe Drinking Water Act (P.L. 93-523), as amended, or regulations adopted thereunder. Regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection shall be adopted in accordance with the provisions and requirements of Title VII of this Act and the procedures for rulemaking in Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-170, eff. 7-10-03.)

415 ILCS 5/13.1

    (415 ILCS 5/13.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1013.1)
    Sec. 13.1. Groundwater monitoring network.
    (a) (Blank.)
    (b) The Agency shall establish a Statewide groundwater monitoring network. Such network shall include a sufficient number of testing wells to assess the current levels of contamination in the groundwaters of the State and to detect any future degradation of groundwater resources. The monitoring network shall give special emphasis to critical groundwater areas and to locations near hazardous waste disposal facilities. To the extent possible, the network shall utilize existing publicly or privately operated drinking water or monitoring wells.
    (c) (Blank.)
    (d) (Blank.)
(Source: P.A. 92-574, eff. 6-26-02.)

415 ILCS 5/13.2

    (415 ILCS 5/13.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1013.2)
    Sec. 13.2. At the request of the owner or user of a private well, the Agency shall provide for annual testing of water from private wells located within 1/2 mile of any active or inactive sanitary landfill or hazardous waste disposal facility at no charge to the owner of the well.
    Before obtaining a sample for testing, the Agency shall, not less than 5 business days prior to obtaining the sample, notify the owner or operator of the sanitary landfill or hazardous waste disposal facility of the opportunity to obtain a split sample and specify the sampling procedure, testing procedure and analytical parameters to be evaluated.
    Sample collection shall be conducted in cooperation with the Illinois Department of Public Health and the recognized local health department, where one exists, in whose jurisdiction the well is located. The Illinois Department of Public Health and the local health department shall be provided with a written report of results upon completion of sample testing.
(Source: P.A. 83-1528.)

415 ILCS 5/13.3

    (415 ILCS 5/13.3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1013.3)
    Sec. 13.3. In accordance with Section 7.2, the Board shall adopt regulations which are identical in substance to federal regulations or amendments thereto promulgated by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency to implement Sections 307(b), (c), (d), 402(b)(8) and 402(b)(9) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended. The Board may consolidate into a single rulemaking under this Section all such federal regulations adopted within a period of time not to exceed 6 months. The provisions and requirements of Title VII of this Act shall not apply to regulations adopted under this Section. Sections 5-35 and 5-75 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act relating to procedures for rulemaking shall not apply to regulations adopted under this Section. However, the Board shall provide for notice and public comment before adopted rules are filed with the Secretary of State.
(Source: P.A. 88-45; 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)