Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1

    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1 heading)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-1)
    Sec. 11-31.1-1. Definitions. As used in this Division, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Code" means any municipal ordinance, law, housing or building code or zoning ordinance that establishes construction, plumbing, heating, electrical, fire prevention, sanitation or other health and safety standards that are applicable to structures in a municipality or any municipal ordinance that requires, after notice, the cutting of weeds, the removal of garbage and debris, the removal of inoperable motor vehicles, or the abatement of nuisances from private property;
    (b) "Building inspector" means a full time state, county or municipal employee whose duties include the inspection or examination of structures or property in a municipality to determine if zoning or other code violations exist;
    (c) "Property owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of a structure;
    (d) "Hearing officer" means a municipal employee or an officer or agent of a municipality, other than a building inspector or law enforcement officer, whose duty it is to:
        (1) preside at an administrative hearing called to
determine whether or not a code violation exists;
        (2) hear testimony and accept evidence from the
building inspector, the building owner and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation;
        (3) preserve and authenticate the transcript and
record of the hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
        (4) issue and sign a written finding, decision and
order stating whether a code violation exists.
(Source: P.A. 91-162, eff. 7-16-99.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-2)
    Sec. 11-31.1-2. Code hearing department. The corporate authorities of any municipality may adopt this Division and establish a Code Hearing Department within an existing code enforcement agency or as a separate and independent agency in the municipal government. The function of the hearing department is to expedite the prosecution and correction of code violations in the manner set forth in this Division.
(Source: P.A. 88-37.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-3)
    Sec. 11-31.1-3. Hearing procedures not exclusive. In any municipality where this Division is adopted, this Division does not preclude the municipality from using other methods to enforce the provisions of its code.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-4

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-4) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-4)
    Sec. 11-31.1-4. Instituting code hearing proceedings. When a building inspector finds a code violation while inspecting a structure, he shall note the violation on a multiple copy violation notice and report form, indicating the name and address of the structure owner, a citation to the specific code provision or provisions alleged to have been violated, a description of the circumstances present that constitute the alleged violation, the date and time the violation was observed, the names of witnesses to the violation, and the address of the structure where the violation is observed.
    The violation report form shall be forwarded by the building inspector to the Code Hearing Department where a Docket number shall be stamped on all copies of the report, and a hearing date noted in the blank spaces provided for that purpose on the form. The hearing date shall not be less than 30 nor more than 40 days after the violation is reported by the building inspector.
    One copy of the violation report form shall be maintained in the files of the Code Hearing Department and shall be part of the record of hearing, one copy of the report form shall be returned to the building inspector so that he may prepare evidence of the code violation for presentation at the hearing on the date indicated, and one copy of the report form shall be served by first class mail on the owner of the structure, along with a summons commanding the owner to appear at the hearing. If the municipality in which the structure is situated has an ordinance requiring property owners to register with the municipality, service may be made on the owner by mailing the report and summons to the owner's address registered with the municipality. If the name of the owner of the structure cannot be ascertained or if service on the owner cannot be made by mail, service may be made on the owner by posting or nailing a copy of the violation report form on the front door of the structure where the violation is found, not less than 20 days before the hearing is scheduled.
(Source: P.A. 97-1088, eff. 8-24-12.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-5) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-5)
    Sec. 11-31.1-5. Subpoenas; Defaults. At any time prior to the hearing date the hearing officer assigned to hear the case may, at the request of the building inspector or the attorney for the municipality, or the owner or his attorney, issue subpoenas directing witnesses to appear and give testimony at the hearing. If on the date set for hearing the owner or his attorney fails to appear, the hearing officer may find the owner in default and shall proceed with the hearing and accept evidence relevant to the existence of a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-6

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-6) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-6)
    Sec. 11-31.1-6. Continuances - Representation at code hearings. No continuances shall be authorized by the hearing officer in proceedings under this Division except in cases where a continuance is absolutely necessary to protect the rights of the owner. Lack of preparation shall not be grounds for a continuance. Any continuance authorized by a hearing officer under this Division shall not exceed 25 days. The case for the municipality may be presented by the building inspector, by any other municipal employee or by an attorney designated by the municipality. However, in no event shall the case for the municipality be presented by an employee of the Code Hearing Department. The case for the dwelling owner may be presented by the owner, his attorney, or any other agent or representative.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1905.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-7

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-7) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-7)
    Sec. 11-31.1-7. Hearing; Evidence. At the hearing, a hearing officer shall preside and shall hear testimony and accept any evidence relevant to the existence or non-existence of a code violation in the structure indicated. The strict rules of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings shall not apply to hearings authorized by this Division.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-8

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-8) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-8)
    Sec. 11-31.1-8. Eviction - Rights of the occupants. No action for eviction, abatement of a nuisance, or other similar proceeding shall be threatened or instituted against an occupant of a dwelling solely because such occupant agrees to testify or testifies at a code violation hearing.
(Source: P.A. 100-173, eff. 1-1-18.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-9

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-9) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-9)
    Sec. 11-31.1-9. Defenses to code violations. It shall be a defense to a code violation charged under this Division if the owner, his attorney, or any other agent or representative proves to the hearing officer's satisfaction that:
    (a) The code violation alleged in the notice does not in fact exist, or at the time of the hearing the violation has been remedied or removed;
    (b) The code violation has been caused by the current property occupants and that in spite of reasonable attempts by the owner to maintain the dwelling free of such violations, the current occupants continue to cause the violations;
    (c) An occupant or resident of the dwelling has refused entry to the owner or his agent to all or a part of the dwelling for the purpose of correcting the code violation.
(Source: P.A. 89-372, eff. 1-1-96.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-10

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-10) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-10)
    Sec. 11-31.1-10. Findings, decision, order. At the conclusion of the hearing the hearing officer shall make a determination on the basis of the evidence presented at the hearing whether or not a code violation exists. The determination shall be in writing and shall be designated as findings, decision and order. The findings, decision and order shall include the hearing officer's findings of fact, a decision whether or not a code violation exists based upon the findings of fact, and an order, ordering the owner to correct the violation or dismissing the case, in the event a violation is not proved. If a code violation is proved, the order may also impose the sanctions that are provided in the code for the violation proved. A copy of the findings, decision, and order shall be served on the owner within 5 days after they are issued; service shall be in the same manner as the report form and summons are served pursuant to Section 11-31.1-4. Payment of any penalty or fine and the disposition of fine money shall be in the same manner as set forth in the code, unless the corporate authorities adopting this Division provide otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-11)
    Sec. 11-31.1-11. Administrative review. The findings, decision and order of the hearing officer shall be subject to review in the circuit court of the county where the municipality is located, and the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereto, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto are adopted and shall apply to and govern every action for the judicial review of the final findings, decision and order of a hearing officer under this Division.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11.1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-11.1)
    Sec. 11-31.1-11.1. Judgment on findings, decision, order.
    (a) Any fine, other sanction or costs imposed, or part of any fine, other sanction or costs imposed remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, judicial review procedures under the Administrative Review Law shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law.
    (b) After expiration of the period within which judicial review under the Administrative Review Law may be sought for a final determination of the code violation, the municipality may commence a proceeding in the circuit court of the county where the municipality is located for purposes of obtaining a judgment on the findings, decision and order. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a municipality from consolidating multiple findings, decisions and orders against a person in such a proceeding. Upon commencement of the action, the municipality shall file a certified copy of the findings, decision and order, which shall be accompanied by a certification that recites facts sufficient to show that the findings, decision and order was issued in accordance with this Division and the applicable municipal ordinance. Service of the summons and a copy of the petition may be by any method provided by Section 2-203 of the Code of Civil Procedure or by certified mail, return receipt requested, provided that the total amount of fines, other sanctions and costs imposed by the findings, decision and order does not exceed $2500. If the court is satisfied that the findings, decision and order were entered in accordance with the requirements of this Division and the applicable municipal ordinance, and that the property owner had an opportunity for a hearing under this Division and for judicial review as provided in this Division: (1) the court shall render judgment in favor of the municipality and against the property owner for the amount indicated in the findings, decision and order, plus costs. Such judgment shall have the same effect and may be enforced in the same manner as other judgments for the recovery of money; and (2) the court may also issue such other orders and injunctions as are requested by the municipality to enforce the order of the hearing officer to correct a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 89-372, eff. 1-1-96.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-12)
    Sec. 11-31.1-12. Sanctions applicable to owner - Property. The order to correct a code violation and the sanctions imposed by a municipality as the result of a finding of a code violation under this Division shall attach to the property as well as to the owner of the property, so that a finding of a code violation against one owner cannot be avoided by conveying or transferring the property to another owner. Any subsequent transferee or owner of property takes subject to the findings, decision and order of a hearing officer under this Division.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1905.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12.1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-12.1)
    Sec. 11-31.1-12.1. (a) The owner of a building located in a municipality in a county having a population in excess of 100,000 inhabitants who, directly or indirectly, has collected, or caused to be collected, rentals from an occupant of that building during a period in which the number of apartments or family units in that building exceeded the number permitted for that building by an ordinance of the municipality in which the building is located, is liable to any such occupant in an amount equal to not more than 3 times the amount of any rentals paid by any such occupant, or in his behalf, after January 1, 1970, together with court costs and reasonable attorney's fees. If the occupant is a recipient of public aid under Article III, IV, or VI of "the Illinois Public Aid Code", approved April 11, 1967, as amended, in whose behalf vendor payment of the rental was made by the Illinois Department of Public Aid, the Department of Human Services (acting as successor to the Department of Public Aid under the Department of Human Services Act), or a local governmental unit, as the case may be, the liability as herein provided is to the Illinois Department of Public Aid, the Department of Human Services (acting as successor to the Department of Public Aid under the Department of Human Services Act), or the local governmental unit making the vendor payment of the rental.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
        (1) "Owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of a
        (2) "Family unit" means a room or group of rooms used
or intended to be used as a housekeeping unit for living, sleeping, cooking and eating. The fact that any such family unit is used or intended to be used with cooking or eating accommodations in common with another family unit in any such building does not affect liability hereunder.
    (c) No liability accrues under this Section until 30 days after the owner of record of a building has been notified in writing that such owner is in violation of any such municipal ordinance. Such notice shall be personally served upon such owner of record or sent by registered mail to the last known address of such owner.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12.2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-12.2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-12.2)
    Sec. 11-31.1-12.2. (a) A person who contracts with the federal government or any of its agencies, including without limitation the Department of Housing and Urban Development, to care for vacant residential real estate shall be responsible for maintaining the property to prevent and correct municipal health and safety code violations.
    (b) A person who intentionally violates this Section is guilty of a business offense and shall be fined not less than $501 and not more than $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 86-315.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-13

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-13) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-13)
    Sec. 11-31.1-13. Adoption of Division by municipality. This Division may be adopted by a municipality by incorporating the provisions of this Division in an ordinance and passing and publishing the ordinance in the manner provided in Division 2 of Article 1 of this Act.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1905.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-14

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-14) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-14)
    Sec. 11-31.1-14. Application for grants. Any municipality adopting this Division may make application to the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity for grants to help defray the cost of establishing and maintaining a code hearing department as provided in this Division. The application for grants shall be in the manner and form prescribed by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)