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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/1-2-12.1

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2-12.1)
    Sec. 1-2-12.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Reenacted by P.A. 102-687, eff. 12-17-21. Repealed internally, eff. 1-1-23.)

65 ILCS 5/Art. 1 Div. 2.1

    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 1 Div. 2.1 heading)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-1

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-1)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 103-260)
    Sec. 1-2.1-1. Applicability. This Division 2.1 applies only to municipalities that are home rule units.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 103-260)
    Sec. 1-2.1-1. Applicability. This Division 2.1 applies to municipalities that are home rule units and to non-home rule municipalities that adopt the provisions of this Division.
(Source: P.A. 103-260, eff. 1-1-24.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-2

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-2)
    Sec. 1-2.1-2. Administrative adjudication of municipal code violations. Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a system of administrative adjudication of municipal code violations to the extent permitted by the Illinois Constitution. A "system of administrative adjudication" means the adjudication of any violation of a municipal ordinance, except for (i) proceedings not within the statutory or the home rule authority of municipalities; and (ii) any offense under the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar offense that is a traffic regulation governing the movement of vehicles and except for any reportable offense under Section 6-204 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-3

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-3)
    Sec. 1-2.1-3. Administrative adjudication procedures not exclusive. The adoption by a municipality of a system of administrative adjudication does not preclude the municipality from using other methods to enforce municipal ordinances.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-4

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-4)
    Sec. 1-2.1-4. Code hearing units; powers of hearing officers.
    (a) An ordinance establishing a system of administrative adjudication, pursuant to this Division, shall provide for a code hearing unit within an existing agency or as a separate agency in the municipal government. The ordinance shall establish the jurisdiction of a code hearing unit that is consistent with this Division. The "jurisdiction" of a code hearing unit refers to the particular code violations that it may adjudicate.
    (b) Adjudicatory hearings shall be presided over by hearing officers. The powers and duties of a hearing officer shall include:
        (1) hearing testimony and accepting evidence that is
relevant to the existence of the code violation;
        (2) issuing subpoenas directing witnesses to appear
and give relevant testimony at the hearing, upon the request of the parties or their representatives;
        (3) preserving and authenticating the record of the
hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
        (4) issuing a determination, based on the evidence
presented at the hearing, of whether a code violation exists. The determination shall be in writing and shall include a written finding of fact, decision, and order including the fine, penalty, or action with which the defendant must comply; and
        (5) imposing penalties consistent with applicable
code provisions and assessing costs upon finding a party liable for the charged violation, except, however, that in no event shall the hearing officer have authority to (i) impose a penalty of incarceration, or (ii) impose a fine in excess of $50,000, or at the option of the municipality, such other amount not to exceed the maximum amount established by the Mandatory Arbitration System as prescribed by the Rules of the Illinois Supreme Court from time to time for the judicial circuit in which the municipality is located. The maximum monetary fine under this item (5), shall be exclusive of costs of enforcement or costs imposed to secure compliance with the municipality's ordinances and shall not be applicable to cases to enforce the collection of any tax imposed and collected by the municipality.
    (c) Prior to conducting administrative adjudication proceedings, administrative hearing officers shall have successfully completed a formal training program which includes the following:
        (1) instruction on the rules of procedure of the
administrative hearings which they will conduct;
        (2) orientation to each subject area of the code
violations that they will adjudicate;
        (3) observation of administrative hearings; and
        (4) participation in hypothetical cases, including
ruling on evidence and issuing final orders.
    In addition, every administrative hearing officer must be an attorney licensed to practice law in the State of Illinois for at least 3 years. A person who has served as a judge in Illinois is not required to fulfill the requirements of items (1) through (4) of this subsection.
    (d) A proceeding before a code hearing unit shall be instituted upon the filing of a written pleading by an authorized official of the municipality.
(Source: P.A. 102-65, eff. 7-9-21.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-5

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-5)
    Sec. 1-2.1-5. Administrative hearing proceedings.
    (a) Any ordinance establishing a system of administrative adjudication, pursuant to this Division, shall afford parties due process of law, including notice and opportunity for hearing. Parties shall be served with process in a manner reasonably calculated to give them actual notice, including, as appropriate, personal service of process upon a party or its employees or agents; service by mail at a party's address; or notice that is posted upon the property where the violation is found when the party is the owner or manager of the property. In municipalities with a population under 3,000,000, if the notice requires the respondent to answer within a certain amount of time, the municipality must reply to the answer within the same amount of time afforded to the respondent.
    (b) Parties shall be given notice of an adjudicatory hearing which includes the type and nature of the code violation to be adjudicated, the date and location of the adjudicatory hearing, the legal authority and jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held, and the penalties for failure to appear at the hearing.
    (c) Parties shall be provided with an opportunity for a hearing during which they may be represented by counsel, present witnesses, and cross-examine opposing witnesses. Parties may request the hearing officer to issue subpoenas to direct the attendance and testimony of relevant witnesses and the production of relevant documents. Hearings shall be scheduled with reasonable promptness, provided that for hearings scheduled in all non-emergency situations, if requested by the defendant, the defendant shall have at least 15 days after service of process to prepare for a hearing. For purposes of this subsection (c), "non-emergency situation" means any situation that does not reasonably constitute a threat to the public interest, safety, or welfare. If service is provided by mail, the 15-day period shall begin to run on the day that the notice is deposited in the mail.
(Source: P.A. 94-616, eff. 1-1-06.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-6

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-6)
    Sec. 1-2.1-6. Rules of evidence shall not govern. The formal and technical rules of evidence do not apply in an adjudicatory hearing permitted under this Division. Evidence, including hearsay, may be admitted only if it is of a type commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the conduct of their affairs.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-7

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-7)
    Sec. 1-2.1-7. Judicial review. Any final decision by a code hearing unit that a code violation does or does not exist shall constitute a final determination for purposes of judicial review and shall be subject to review under the Illinois Administrative Review Law.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-8

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-8)
    Sec. 1-2.1-8. Enforcement of judgment.
    (a) Any fine, other sanction, or costs imposed, or part of any fine, other sanction, or costs imposed, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of or the failure to exhaust judicial review procedures under the Illinois Administrative Review Law are a debt due and owing the municipality and may be collected in accordance with applicable law.
    (b) After expiration of the period in which judicial review under the Illinois Administrative Review Law may be sought for a final determination of a code violation, unless stayed by a court of competent jurisdiction, the findings, decision, and order of the hearing officer may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment entered by a court of competent jurisdiction.
    (c) In any case in which a defendant has failed to comply with a judgment ordering a defendant to correct a code violation or imposing any fine or other sanction as a result of a code violation, any expenses incurred by a municipality to enforce the judgment, including, but not limited to, attorney's fees, court costs, and costs related to property demolition or foreclosure, after they are fixed by a court of competent jurisdiction or a hearing officer, shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Prior to any expenses being fixed by a hearing officer pursuant to this subsection (c), the municipality shall provide notice to the defendant that states that the defendant shall appear at a hearing before the administrative hearing officer to determine whether the defendant has failed to comply with the judgment. The notice shall set the date for such a hearing, which shall not be less than 7 days from the date that notice is served. If notice is served by mail, the 7-day period shall begin to run on the date that the notice was deposited in the mail.
    (d) Upon being recorded in the manner required by Article XII of the Code of Civil Procedure or by the Uniform Commercial Code, a lien shall be imposed on the real estate or personal estate, or both, of the defendant in the amount of any debt due and owing the municipality under this Section. The lien may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment lien pursuant to a judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.
    (e) A hearing officer may set aside any judgment entered by default and set a new hearing date, upon a petition filed within 21 days after the issuance of the order of default, if the hearing officer determines that the petitioner's failure to appear at the hearing was for good cause or at any time if the petitioner establishes that the municipality did not provide proper service of process. If any judgment is set aside pursuant to this subsection (e), the hearing officer shall have authority to enter an order extinguishing any lien which has been recorded for any debt due and owing the municipality as a result of the vacated default judgment.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)

65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-9

    (65 ILCS 5/1-2.1-9)
    Sec. 1-2.1-9. Impact on existing administrative adjudication systems. This Division shall not affect the validity of systems of administrative adjudication that were authorized by State law, including home rule authority, and in existence prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1997.
(Source: P.A. 90-516, eff. 1-1-98.)