Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COUNTIES
(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/5-1119

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1119)
    Sec. 5-1119. Ferries.
    (a) The county board in any county that is bordered by the Mississippi River and that has a population in excess of 62,000 but less than 80,000, as determined by the last federal decennial census, shall have the authority to own and operate a ferry, as provided in this Section, in any unincorporated area of that county for the purpose of conveying persons, motor vehicles, and other property across the Mississippi River.
    (b) Each county board exercising the powers granted under this Section shall have the following specific powers:
        (1) To construct, or to acquire by purchase, lease,
    
gift, grant, or condemnation, ferries and the necessary land, bridges, and approaches to operate ferries.
        (2) To receive State or federal aid or grants to
    
defray the expenses in purchasing or operating a ferry.
        (3) To enter into contracts, not to exceed 10 years
    
in duration, with a municipality, the federal government, an adjacent state or any of its political subdivisions, or a corporation, firm, or person for the maintenance or operation of the ferry, including the collection of a reasonable toll.
        (4) To maintain, regulate, and collect tolls on each
    
ferry it owns or operates.
    (c) The powers granted by this Section are in addition to any other powers granted to a county by law.
(Source: P.A. 88-446.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1120

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1120)
    Sec. 5-1120. Juvenile delinquency programs. The corporate authorities of a county may:
        (a) Conduct programs and carry on and coordinate
    
activities for the prevention, reduction, or control of juvenile delinquency within the county;
        (b) Cooperate, coordinate, or act jointly with the
    
State of Illinois or any other county, municipality, or public or private agency in conducting programs and carrying on and coordinating activities for the prevention, reduction, or control of juvenile delinquency, including but not limited to the establishment, support, and maintenance of individual or joint public or private agencies or neighborhood accountability boards to conduct the programs and carry on the activities in cooperation with law enforcement officers through referral of juvenile offenders;
        (c) Spend county funds appropriated for the purposes
    
of this Section; and
        (d) Make application for, accept, and use money,
    
financial grants, or contributions of services from any public or private source made available for the purposes of this Section.
    All officials, agencies, and employees of a county that has exercised the authority granted by this Section shall cooperate in so far as possible with the corporate authorities in coordinating and conducting activities and programs to carry out the purposes of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 94-154, eff. 7-8-05.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1121

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1121)
    Sec. 5-1121. Demolition, repair, or enclosure.
    (a) The county board of each county may demolish, repair, or enclose or cause the demolition, repair, or enclosure of dangerous and unsafe buildings or uncompleted and abandoned buildings within the territory of the county, but outside the territory of any municipality, and may remove or cause the removal of garbage, debris, and other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials from those buildings. If a township within the county makes a formal request to the county board as provided in Section 85-50 of the Township Code that the county board commence specified proceedings under this Section with respect to property located within the township but outside the territory of any municipality, then, at the next regular county board meeting occurring at least 10 days after the formal request is made to the county board, the county board shall either commence the requested proceedings or decline to do so (either formally or by failing to commence the proceedings within 60 days after the request) and shall notify the township board making the request of the county board's decision. In any county having adopted, by referendum or otherwise, a county health department as provided by Division 5-25 of the Counties Code or its predecessor, the county board of any such county may upon a formal request by the city, village, or incorporated town demolish, repair or cause the demolition or repair of dangerous and unsafe buildings or uncompleted and abandoned buildings within the territory of any city, village, or incorporated town having a population of less than 50,000.
    The county board shall apply to the circuit court of the county in which the building is located (i) for an order authorizing action to be taken with respect to a building if the owner or owners of the building, including the lien holders of record, after at least 15 days' written notice by mail to do so, have failed to commence proceedings to put the building in a safe condition or to demolish it or (ii) for an order requiring the owner or owners of record to demolish, repair, or enclose the building or to remove garbage, debris, and other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials from the building. It is not a defense to the cause of action that the building is boarded up or otherwise enclosed, although the court may order the defendant to have the building boarded up or otherwise enclosed. Where, upon diligent search, the identity or whereabouts of the owner or owners of the building, including the lien holders of record, is not ascertainable, notice mailed to the person or persons in whose name the real estate was last assessed and the posting of such notice upon the premises sought to be demolished or repaired is sufficient notice under this Section.
    The hearing upon the application to the circuit court shall be expedited by the court and shall be given precedence over all other suits.
    The cost of the demolition, repair, enclosure, or removal incurred by the county, by an intervenor, or by a lien holder of record, including court costs, attorney's fees, and other costs related to the enforcement of this Section, is recoverable from the owner or owners of the real estate or the previous owner or both if the property was transferred during the 15 day notice period and is a lien on the real estate; the lien is superior to all prior existing liens and encumbrances, except taxes, if, within 180 days after the repair, demolition, enclosure, or removal, the county, the lien holder of record, or the intervenor who incurred the cost and expense shall file a notice of lien for the cost and expense incurred in the office of the recorder in the county in which the real estate is located or in the office of the registrar of titles of the county if the real estate affected is registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act.
    The notice must consist of a sworn statement setting out (1) a description of the real estate sufficient for its identification, (2) the amount of money representing the cost and expense incurred, and (3) the date or dates when the cost and expense was incurred by the county, the lien holder of record, or the intervenor. Upon payment of the cost and expense by the owner of or persons interested in the property after the notice of lien has been filed, the lien shall be released by the county, the person in whose name the lien has been filed, or the assignee of the lien, and the release may be filed of record as in the case of filing notice of lien. Unless the lien is enforced under subsection (b), the lien may be enforced by foreclosure proceedings as in the case of mortgage foreclosures under Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure or mechanics' lien foreclosures. An action to foreclose this lien may be commenced at any time after the date of filing of the notice of lien. The costs of foreclosure incurred by the county, including court costs, reasonable attorney's fees, advances to preserve the property, and other costs related to the enforcement of this subsection, plus statutory interest, are a lien on the real estate and are recoverable by the county from the owner or owners of the real estate.
    All liens arising under this subsection (a) shall be assignable. The assignee of the lien shall have the same power to enforce the lien as the assigning party, except that the lien may not be enforced under subsection (b).
    If the appropriate official of any county determines that any dangerous and unsafe building or uncompleted and abandoned building within its territory fulfills the requirements for an action by the county under the Abandoned Housing Rehabilitation Act, the county may petition under that Act in a proceeding brought under this subsection.
    (b) In any case where a county has obtained a lien under subsection (a), the county may enforce the lien under this subsection (b) in the same proceeding in which the lien is authorized.
    A county desiring to enforce a lien under this subsection (b) shall petition the court to retain jurisdiction for foreclosure proceedings under this subsection. Notice of the petition shall be served, by certified or registered mail, on all persons who were served notice under subsection (a). The court shall conduct a hearing on the petition not less than 15 days after the notice is served. If the court determines that the requirements of this subsection (b) have been satisfied, it shall grant the petition and retain jurisdiction over the matter until the foreclosure proceeding is completed. The costs of foreclosure incurred by the county, including court costs, reasonable attorneys' fees, advances to preserve the property, and other costs related to the enforcement of this subsection, plus statutory interest, are a lien on the real estate and are recoverable by the county from the owner or owners of the real estate. If the court denies the petition, the county may enforce the lien in a separate action as provided in subsection (a).
    All persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as necessary parties in a mortgage foreclosure action shall be joined as parties before issuance of an order of foreclosure. Persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as permissible parties may also be joined as parties in the action.
    The provisions of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure applicable to mortgage foreclosures shall apply to the foreclosure of a lien under this subsection (b), except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this subsection. For purposes of foreclosures of liens under this subsection, however, the redemption period described in subsection (b) of Section 15-1603 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall end 60 days after the date of entry of the order of foreclosure.
    (c) In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the county board of any county may petition the circuit court to have property declared abandoned under this subsection (c) if:
        (1) the property has been tax delinquent for 2 or
    
more years or bills for water service for the property have been outstanding for 2 or more years;
        (2) the property is unoccupied by persons legally in
    
possession; and
        (3) the property's condition impairs public health,
    
safety, or welfare for reasons specified in the petition.
    All persons having an interest of record in the property, including tax purchasers and beneficial owners of any Illinois land trust having title to the property, shall be named as defendants in the petition and shall be served with process. In addition, service shall be had under Section 2-206 of the Code of Civil Procedure as in other cases affecting property, including publication in a newspaper that is in circulation in the county in which the action is pending. At least 30 days prior to any declaration of abandonment, the county or its agent shall post a notice not less than 1 foot by 1 foot in size on the front of the subject building or property. The notice shall be dated as of the date of the posting and state that the county is seeking a declaration of abandonment for the property. The notice shall also include the case number for the underlying circuit court petition filed pursuant to this subsection and a notification that the owner should file an appearance in the matter if the property is not abandoned.
    The county, however, may proceed under this subsection in a proceeding brought under subsection (a). Notice of the petition shall be served by certified or registered mail on all persons who were served notice under subsection (a).
    If the county proves that the conditions described in this subsection exist and the owner of record of the property does not enter an appearance in the action, or, if title to the property is held by an Illinois land trust, if neither the owner of record nor the owner of the beneficial interest of the trust enters an appearance, the court shall declare the property abandoned.
    If that determination is made, notice shall be sent by certified or registered mail to all persons having an interest of record in the property, including tax purchasers and beneficial owners of any Illinois land trust having title to the property, stating that title to the property will be transferred to the county unless, within 30 days of the notice, the owner of record enters an appearance in the action, or unless any other person having an interest in the property files with the court a request to demolish any or all dangerous or unsafe buildings or to put the property in safe condition.
    If the owner of record enters an appearance in the action within the 30 day period, the court shall vacate its order declaring the property abandoned. In that case, the county may amend its complaint in order to initiate proceedings under subsection (a).
    If a request to demolish any or all dangerous or unsafe buildings or to otherwise put the property in safe condition is filed within the 30 day period, the court shall grant permission to the requesting party to demolish the building within 30 days or to restore the property to safe condition within 60 days after the request is granted. An extension of that period for up to 60 additional days may be given for good cause. If more than one person with an interest in the property files a timely request, preference shall be given to the person with the lien or other interest of the highest priority.
    If the requesting party proves to the court that the building has been demolished or put in a safe condition within the period of time granted by the court, the court shall issue a quitclaim judicial deed for the property to the requesting party, conveying only the interest of the owner of record, upon proof of payment to the county of all costs incurred by the county in connection with the action, including but not limited to court costs, attorney's fees, administrative costs, the costs, if any, associated with property maintenance, and receiver's certificates. The interest in the property so conveyed shall be subject to all liens and encumbrances on the property. In addition, if the interest is conveyed to a person holding a certificate of purchase for the property under the Property Tax Code, the conveyance shall be subject to the rights of redemption of all persons entitled to redeem under that Act, including the original owner of record.
    If no person with an interest in the property files a timely request or if the requesting party fails to demolish the building or put the property in safe condition within the time specified by the court, the county may petition the court to issue a judicial deed for the property to the county or another governmental body designated by the county in the petition. A conveyance by judicial deed shall operate to extinguish all existing ownership interests in, liens on, and other interest in the property, including tax liens.
    (d) Each county may use the provisions of this subsection to expedite the removal of certain buildings that are a continuing hazard to the community in which they are located.
    If the official designated to be in charge of enforcing the county's building code determines that a building is open and vacant and an immediate and continuing hazard to the community in which the building is located, then the official shall be authorized to post a notice not less than 2 feet by 2 feet in size on the front of the building. The notice shall be dated as of the date of the posting and shall state that unless the building is demolished, repaired, or enclosed, and unless any garbage, debris, and other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials are removed so that an immediate and continuing hazard to the community no longer exists, then the building may be demolished, repaired, or enclosed, or any garbage, debris, and other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials may be removed, by the county.
    Not later than 30 days following the posting of the notice, the county shall do both of the following:
        (1) Cause to be sent, by certified mail, return
    
receipt requested, a notice to all owners of record of the property, the beneficial owners of any Illinois land trust having title to the property, and all lienholders of record in the property, stating the intent of the county to demolish, repair, or enclose the building or remove any garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials if that action is not taken by the owner or owners.
        (2) Cause to be published, in a newspaper published
    
or circulated in the county where the building is located, a notice setting forth (i) the permanent tax index number and the address of the building, (ii) a statement that the property is open and vacant and constitutes an immediate and continuing hazard to the community, and (iii) a statement that the county intends to demolish, repair, or enclose the building or remove any garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials if the owner or owners or lienholders of record fail to do so. This notice shall be published for 3 consecutive days.
    A person objecting to the proposed actions of the county board may file his or her objection in an appropriate form in a court of competent jurisdiction.
    If the building is not demolished, repaired, or enclosed, or the garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials are not removed, within 30 days of mailing the notice to the owners of record, the beneficial owners of any Illinois land trust having title to the property, and all lienholders of record in the property, or within 30 days of the last day of publication of the notice, whichever is later, the county board shall have the power to demolish, repair, or enclose the building or to remove any garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials.
    The county may proceed to demolish, repair, or enclose a building or remove any garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials under this subsection within a 120-day period following the date of the mailing of the notice if the appropriate official determines that the demolition, repair, enclosure, or removal of any garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials is necessary to remedy the immediate and continuing hazard. If, however, before the county proceeds with any of the actions authorized by this subsection, any person has sought a hearing under this subsection before a court and has served a copy of the complaint on the chief executive officer of the county, then the county shall not proceed with the demolition, repair, enclosure, or removal of garbage, debris, or other substances until the court determines that that action is necessary to remedy the hazard and issues an order authorizing the county to do so.
    The county must maintain documentation submitted from a contractor on the disposal of any demolition debris, clean or general, or uncontaminated soil generated during the demolition, repair, or enclosure of a building for a period of 3 years identifying the hauler, generator, place of origin of the debris or soil, the weight or volume of the debris or soil, and the location, owner, and operator of the facility where the debris or soil was transferred, disposed, recycled, or treated. The documentation required by this paragraph does not apply to a permitted pollution control facility that transfers or accepts construction or demolition debris, clean or general, or uncontaminated soil for final disposal, recycling, or treatment.
    Following the demolition, repair, or enclosure of a building, or the removal of garbage, debris, or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials under this subsection, the county may file a notice of lien against the real estate for the cost of the demolition, repair, enclosure, or removal within 180 days after the repair, demolition, enclosure, or removal occurred, for the cost and expense incurred, in the office of the recorder in the county in which the real estate is located or in the office of the registrar of titles of the county if the real estate affected is registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The notice of lien shall consist of a sworn statement setting forth (i) a description of the real estate, such as the address or other description of the property, sufficient for its identification; (ii) the expenses incurred by the county in undertaking the remedial actions authorized under this subsection; (iii) the date or dates the expenses were incurred by the county; (iv) a statement by the official responsible for enforcing the building code that the building was open and vacant and constituted an immediate and continuing hazard to the community; (v) a statement by the official that the required sign was posted on the building, that notice was sent by certified mail to the owners of record, and that notice was published in accordance with this subsection; and (vi) a statement as to when and where the notice was published. The lien authorized by this subsection may thereafter be released or enforced by the county as provided in subsection (a).
    (e) In any case where a county has obtained a lien under subsection (a), the county may also bring an action for a money judgment against the owner or owners of the real estate in the amount of the lien in the same manner as provided for bringing causes of action in Article II of the Code of Civil Procedure and, upon obtaining a judgment, file a judgment lien against all of the real estate of the owner or owners and enforce that lien as provided for in Article XII of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (f) In addition to any other remedy provided by law, if a county finds that within a residential property of 1 acre or less there is an accumulation or concentration of: garbage; organic materials in an active state of decomposition including, but not limited to, carcasses, food waste, or other spoiled or rotting materials; human or animal waste; debris; or other hazardous, noxious, or unhealthy substances or materials, which present an immediate threat to the public health or safety or the health and safety of the occupants of the property, the county may, without any administrative procedure to bond, petition the court for immediate injunctive relief to abate or cause the abatement of the condition that is causing the threat to health or safety, including an order causing the removal of any unhealthy or unsafe accumulations or concentrations of the material or items listed in this subsection from the structure or property. The county shall file with the circuit court in which the property is located a petition for an order authorizing the abatement of the condition that is causing the threat to health or safety. A hearing on the petition shall be set within 5 days, not including weekends or holidays, from the date of filing. To provide notice of such hearing, the county shall make every effort to serve the property's owners of record with the petition and summons and, if such service cannot be had, shall provide an affidavit to the court at the hearing showing the service could not be had and the efforts taken to locate and serve the owners of record. The county shall also post a sign at the property notifying all persons of the court proceeding. Following the abatement actions, the county may file a notice of lien for the cost and expense of actions taken under this subsection as provided in subsection (a).
(Source: P.A. 101-200, eff. 1-1-20; 102-363, eff. 1-1-22; 102-847, eff. 5-13-22.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1122

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1122)
    Sec. 5-1122. Check cashing and automatic teller machine services. The county board may enter into written agreements with financial institutions for the placement of check cashing or automatic teller machine services, or both, at any county office buildings, including courthouses. The county board shall establish procedures for the competitive selection of financial institutions to provide the services authorized under this Section.
    The agreements with the financial institutions shall establish the amount of compensation to be paid by the financial institution. The financial institution shall pay the compensation to the County Treasurer in accordance with the terms of the agreement.
    This Section does not apply to a county office building in which a currency exchange or a credit union located in the building is providing financial services on the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1996.
(Source: P.A. 89-585, eff. 1-1-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1123

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1123)
    Sec. 5-1123. Builder or developer cash bond or other surety.
    (a) A county may not require a cash bond, irrevocable letter of credit, surety bond, or letter of commitment issued by a bank, savings and loan association, surety, or insurance company from a builder or developer to guarantee completion of a project improvement when the builder or developer has filed with the county clerk a current, irrevocable letter of credit, surety bond, or letter of commitment, issued by a bank, savings and loan association, surety, or insurance company, deemed good and sufficient by the county accepting such security, in an amount equal to or greater than 110% of the amount of the bid on each project improvement. A builder or developer has the option to utilize a cash bond, irrevocable letter of credit, surety bond, or letter of commitment issued by a bank, savings and loan association, surety, or insurance company, deemed good and sufficient by the county, to satisfy any cash bond requirement established by a county. The county must approve and deem a surety or insurance company good and sufficient for the purposes set forth in this Section if the surety or insurance company is authorized by the Illinois Department of Insurance to sell and issue sureties in the State of Illinois.
    (b) If a county receives a cash bond, irrevocable letter of credit, or surety bond from a builder or developer to guarantee completion of a project improvement, the county shall (i) register the bond under the address of the project and the construction permit number and (ii) give the builder or developer a receipt for the bond. The county shall establish and maintain a separate account for all cash bonds received from builders and developers to guarantee completion of a project improvement.
    (c) The county shall refund a cash bond to a builder or developer, or release the irrevocable letter of credit or surety bond, within 60 days after the builder or developer notifies the county in writing of the completion of the project improvement for which the bond was required. For these purposes, "completion" means that the county has determined that the project improvement for which the bond was required is complete or a licensed engineer or licensed architect has certified to the builder or developer and the county that the project improvement has been completed to the applicable codes and ordinances. The county shall pay interest to the builder or developer, beginning 60 days after the builder or developer notifies the county in writing of the completion of the project improvement, on any bond not refunded to a builder or developer, at the rate of 1% per month.
    (d) A home rule county may not require or maintain cash bonds, irrevocable letters of credit, surety bonds, or other adequate securities from builders or developers in a manner inconsistent with this Section. This Section supersedes and controls over other provisions of this Code as they apply to and guarantee completion of a project improvement that is required by the county. This Section is a denial and limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by a home rule county of powers and functions exercised by the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1124

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1124)
    Sec. 5-1124. Second-hand and junk stores.
    (a) The county board of a county may:
        (1) License, locate, and regulate all places of
    
business of dealers in junk, rags, and any second-hand article whatsoever.
        (2) Forbid any person or entity licensed or regulated
    
under this Section from purchasing or receiving from minors, without the written consent of their parents or guardians, any article whatsoever.
        (3) Impose the licensing and regulation of such
    
dealers as additional duties pursuant to Section 5-1087 of this Code.
    (b) Nothing in this Section shall apply to a licensee of the Secretary of State under Chapter 5 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or to an insurer or self-insurer of motor vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1125

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1125)
    Sec. 5-1125. Establishment of county university center. Pursuant to a plan approved by the Illinois Board of Higher Education, any county may make appropriations from the county treasury and may transfer moneys to a not-for-profit corporation recognized by the General Assembly pursuant to Section 5 of the Higher Education Cooperation Act. The moneys may be expended by the recognized not-for-profit corporation for the purpose of facilitating the purchase of land and the erection or renovation of buildings for a county university center.
(Source: P.A. 91-398, eff. 1-1-00.)

55 ILCS 5/5-1126

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1126)
    Sec. 5-1126. A county board may license or regulate any business operating as a public accommodation that is located in an unincorporated area of the county, that permits the consumption of alcoholic liquor on the business premises, and that is not licensed under the Liquor Control Act of 1934. For purposes of this Section, "public accommodation" means a refreshment, entertainment, or recreation facility of any kind, whether licensed or not, whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, or advantages are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made available to the public.
(Source: P.A. 92-696, eff. 7-19-02.)