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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/3-8010

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8010) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8010)
    Sec. 3-8010. Certification of applicants. The appointment of all personnel subject to the jurisdiction of the Merit Commission shall be made by the sheriff from those applicants who have been certified by the Commission as being qualified for appointment. A Commission may, by its rules and regulations, set forth the minimum requirements for appointment to any position. In addition, the Commission's review of any application may include examinations, investigations or any other method consistent with recognized merit principles, which in the judgment of the Commission is reasonable and practical for any particular classification. Different examining procedures may be set for the examinations in different classifications but all examinations in the same classification shall be uniform. However, the Merit Commission may by regulation provide that applicants who have served with another sheriff's office, a police department, or any other law enforcement agency, or who are graduate law enforcement interns as defined in the Law Enforcement Intern Training Act, may be exempt from one or more of the minimum requirements for appointment. Preference may be given in such appointments to persons who have honorably served in the military or naval services of the United States.
    The sheriff shall make appointments from those persons certified by the Commission as qualified for appointment. If the sheriff rejects any person so certified, the sheriff shall notify the Commission in writing of such rejection.
    The rules and regulations of a Commission shall provide that all initial appointees shall serve a probationary period of 12 months during which time they may be discharged at the will of the sheriff.
(Source: P.A. 92-83, eff. 7-12-01.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8011

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8011) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8011)
    Sec. 3-8011. Certification for promotion. Whenever a position in a higher rank is to be filled, the Merit Commission shall certify to the sheriff the names of eligible persons who stand highest upon the promotional register for the rank to which the position belongs. The Commission shall make certifications for promotion on the basis of ascertained merit, seniority of service, and physical and other qualifying examinations.
    The sheriff shall appoint from those whose names were certified. If the sheriff rejects all persons so certified, he shall state his reasons for such refusal in writing to the Commission.
    All vacancies in all ranks of deputy sheriff above the lowest shall be filled by promotion, except that the Merit Commission may by regulation provide that a former sheriff may be appointed by a successor sheriff of the same county to any rank after he has been certified by the Commission or that applicants who have served with another sheriff's office, a police department, or any other law enforcement agency, may be given credit for time so served and may receive an initial appointment to a rank above the lowest.
    Persons appointed to a higher rank shall be on probation in such higher rank for a period of 12 months. Such appointees may be demoted by the sheriff to their former rank at any time during the period of probation, if, in the opinion of the sheriff, they have failed to demonstrate the ability and the qualifications necessary to furnish satisfactory service.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8012

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8012) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8012)
    Sec. 3-8012. Political affiliation. All appointments and promotions shall be made in accordance with the provisions of this Division and the rules and regulations of the Commission, without consideration of the political affiliation of any applicant.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8013

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8013) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8013)
    Sec. 3-8013. Disciplinary measures. Disciplinary measures for actions violating either the rules and regulations of the Commission or the internal procedures of the sheriff's office may be taken by the sheriff. Such disciplinary measures may include suspension of any certified person for reasonable periods, not exceeding a cumulative 30 days in any 12-month period. However, on and after June 1, 2007, in any sheriff's office with a collective bargaining agreement covering the employment of department personnel, such disciplinary measures and the method of review of those measures shall be subject to mandatory bargaining, including, but not limited to, the use of impartial arbitration as an alternative or supplemental form of due process.
(Source: P.A. 95-136, eff. 1-1-08.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8014

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8014) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8014)
    Sec. 3-8014. Removal, demotion or suspension. Except as is otherwise provided in this Division, no certified person shall be removed, demoted or suspended except for cause, upon written charges filed with the Merit Commission by the sheriff. Upon the filing of such a petition, the sheriff may suspend the certified person pending the decision of the Commission on the charges. After the charges have been heard, the Commission may direct that the person receive his pay for any part or all of this suspension period, if any.
    The charges shall be heard by the Commission upon not less than 14 days' certified notice. At such hearing, the accused certified person shall be afforded full opportunity to be represented by counsel, to be heard in his own defense and to produce proof in his defense. Both the Commission and the sheriff may be represented by counsel. The State's Attorney of the applicable county may advise either the Commission or the sheriff. The other party may engage private counsel to advise it.
    The Commission shall have the power to secure by its subpoena both the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books and papers in support of the charges and for the defense. Each member of the Commission shall have the power to administer oaths.
    If the charges against an accused person are established by the preponderance of evidence, the Commission shall make a finding of guilty and order either removal, demotion, loss of seniority, suspension for a period of not more than 180 days, or such other disciplinary punishment as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations of the Commission which, in the opinion of the members thereof, the offense justifies. If the charges against an accused person are not established by the preponderance of evidence, the Commission shall make a finding of not guilty and shall order that the person be reinstated and be paid his compensation for the suspension period, if any, while awaiting the hearing. The sheriff shall take such action as may be ordered by the Commission. However, on and after June 1, 2007, in any sheriff's office with a collective bargaining agreement covering the employment of department personnel, such disciplinary measures and the method of review of those measures shall be subject to mandatory bargaining, including, but not limited to, the use of impartial arbitration as an alternative or supplemental form of due process and any of the procedures laid out in this Section.
    The provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereof, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of any order of the Commission rendered pursuant to this Section. The plaintiff shall pay the reasonable cost of preparing and certifying the record for judicial review. However, if the plaintiff prevails in the judicial review proceeding, the court shall award to the plaintiff a sum equal to the costs paid by the plaintiff to have the record for judicial review prepared and certified.
(Source: P.A. 95-136, eff. 1-1-08.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8015

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8015) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8015)
    Sec. 3-8015. Subpoenas; witnesses' fees; perjury. Any person who shall be served with a subpoena to appear and testify, or to produce books and papers, issued by the Merit Commission, or by any member thereof, and who shall refuse or neglect to appear, or to testify, or to produce books and papers relevant to such investigation, as commanded in the subpoena, shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
    The fees of witnesses for attendance and travel shall be the same as the fees of witnesses before the circuit court of this State.
    Any circuit court of this State, or any judge thereon, upon application of any member of the Commission, or any person acting under the orders of the Commission, may, in his discretion, compel the attendance of witnesses, the production of books and papers, and giving of testimony before the Commission by an Attachment for Contempt or otherwise in the same manner as production of evidence may be compelled before the court. Every person who, having taken oath or made affirmation before a member of the Commission, shall willfully swear or affirm falsehoods, shall be guilty of perjury and upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8016

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8016) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8016)
    Sec. 3-8016. Reports to Merit Commission. The sheriff shall promptly notify the Merit Commission of all appointments, permanent or temporary, all promotions, suspensions, resignations or vacancies from any cause, and a record of the same shall be kept by the Commission. The sheriff shall prepare and furnish to the Commission annual efficiency reports for each person covered by merit system. The sheriff shall also furnish the Commission copies of all letters of commendation, academic achievements and reprimand and such other reports as the Commission may reasonably request.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8017

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8017) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8017)
    Sec. 3-8017. Enforcement of orders. If any provision of this Division or any order of the Merit Commission is violated by any person, regardless of whether that person's employment is under the jurisdiction of the Division, the Commission may apply to the circuit court for relief by injunction, mandamus or any other proper relief. The State's Attorney of the county where the violation occurred shall prosecute such action. Whenever the State's Attorney for the county where a violation is alleged to have occurred refuses to prosecute the action, or fails to begin to prosecute such action within 30 days after the date the Commission brings the matter to his attention, the Commission may retain special counsel of its own choice to prosecute such action.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8018

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8018) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8018)
    Sec. 3-8018. Multi-county operation. The county boards of 2 or more counties may, by enactment of uniform reciprocal ordinances consistent with this Division create a multi-county Merit Commission which shall be subject to this Division.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-9

    (55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-9 heading)
Division 3-9. State's Attorney

55 ILCS 5/3-9001

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9001) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9001)
    Sec. 3-9001. Oath; bond. Before entering upon the respective duties of their office, the state's attorneys shall each be commissioned by the governor, and shall take the following oath or affirmation:
    I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that I will support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of the state of Illinois, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of state's attorney according to the best of my ability.
    Each State's attorney shall also execute a bond, to the People of the State of Illinois, (or, if the county is self-insured, the county through its self-insurance program may provide bonding) with good and sufficient securities in the penal sum of $5,000, to be approved by the circuit court for the respective county, which approval shall be indorsed upon the bond. The bond, with the approval thereof indorsed, shall be entered of record in the circuit court, and then forwarded by the county clerk to the secretary of state, to be filed in the Secretary of State's office. Each of the bonds shall be conditioned upon the faithful discharge of the duties of the office, and the paying over all moneys as provided by law, which bond shall run to and be for the benefit of the state, county, corporation or person injured by a breach of any of the conditions thereof.
(Source: P.A. 102-56, eff. 7-9-21.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9002

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9002) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9002)
    Sec. 3-9002. Commencement of duties. The State's attorney shall enter upon the duties of the office on the first day in the month of December following the election of the State's Attorney on which the State's attorney's office is required, by statute or by action of the county board, to be open.
(Source: P.A. 102-56, eff. 7-9-21.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9003

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9003) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9003)
    Sec. 3-9003. Additional bond. Whenever the circuit court shall deem the bond filed by any State's attorney insufficient, the circuit court may require additional bond, in any penalty not exceeding that specified in Section 3-9001.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9004

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9004) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9004)
    Sec. 3-9004. Failure to give bond or take oath. If any person elected to the office of State's attorney shall fail to give bond, or take the oath required of the State's Attorney, within twenty days after the person is declared elected, the office shall be deemed vacant, and if, being required to give additional bond, as provided in Section 3-9003 hereof, the person fails to do so within twenty days after notice of such requirements, the State's Attorney office may, in the discretion of the governor, be declared vacant and filled as provided by law.
(Source: P.A. 102-56, eff. 7-9-21.)