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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COUNTIES
(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/3-8001

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8001) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8001)
    Sec. 3-8001. Subtitle. This Division shall be subtitled the "Sheriff's Merit System Law".
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8002

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8002) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8002)
    Sec. 3-8002. Applicability and adoption. The county board of every county having a county police department merit board established under "The County Police Department Act", approved August 7, 1967, as amended (repealed), or a merit commission for sheriff's personnel established under Section 58.1 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to counties", approved March 31, 1874, as amended (repealed), shall adopt and implement the merit system provided by this Division and shall modify the merit system now in effect in that county as may be necessary to comply with this Division.
    The county board of any county having a population of less than 1,000,000 which does not have a merit board or merit commission for sheriff's personnel may adopt and implement by ordinance the merit system provided by this Division. If the county board does not adopt such a merit system by an ordinance and if a petition signed by not fewer than 5% or 1000, whichever is less, of the registered electors of any such county is filed with the county clerk requesting a referendum on the adoption of a merit system for deputies in the office of the Sheriff, the county board shall, by appropriate ordinance, cause the question to be submitted to the electors of the county, at a special or general election specified in such ordinance, in accordance with the provisions of Section 28-3 of "The Election Code", approved May 11, 1943, as now or hereafter amended. Notice of the election shall be given as provided in Article 12 of such code. If a majority of those voting on the proposition at such election vote in favor thereof, the county board shall adopt and implement a merit system provided in this Division. When a merit board or merit commission for sheriff's personnel has been established in a county, it may be abolished by the same procedure in which it was established.
    This Division does not apply to any county having a population of more than 1,000,000 nor to any county which has not elected to adopt the merit system provided by this Division and which is not required to do so under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8003

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8003) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8003)
    Sec. 3-8003. Appointment of Merit Commission. Any ordinance providing for the adoption and implementation of a merit system under this Division shall provide for the appointment of a Sheriff's Office Merit Commission consisting of 3 or 5 members appointed by the sheriff with the approval of a majority of the members of the county board. If the sheriff fails to make the appointments within 60 days after the adoption of the ordinance, the members of the commission shall be appointed by the chairman of the county board with the approval of a majority of the members of the county board. No member of the commission shall hold a statutory partisan political office.
    Of the initial appointments to a 3-member Commission, one shall be for a term of 2 years, one for a term of 4 years and one for a term of 6 years. Of the initial appointments to a 5-member Commission, one shall serve for a term of 2 years, one for a term of 3 years, one for a term of 4 years, one for a term of 5 years, and one for a term of 6 years. If a 3-member Commission is increased to a 5-member Commission, the additional members shall be appointed to serve for terms of 3 and 5 years, respectively. The respective successors of the initial members shall be appointed in the same manner as the original appointments for 6 year terms.
    If a vacancy occurs in the office of a commissioner, the sheriff, with the approval of a majority of the members of the county board, shall appoint a suitable person to serve the unexpired portion of that commissioner's term. If the sheriff fails to appoint a person to fill the vacancy within 30 days, the chairman of the county board shall appoint a person to fill the unexpired portion of the term, with the approval of a majority of the members of the county board.
    In a 3-member Commission, no more than 2 of the members appointed may be affiliated with the same political party. In a 5-member Commission, no more than 3 members may be affiliated with the same political party.
    However, in any county which has created a merit board or merit commission for sheriff's employees under prior law, the members of that board or commission shall serve out the unexpired portions of their respective terms and shall carry out their duties in accordance with this Division.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8004

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8004) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8004)
    Sec. 3-8004. Removal of Merit Commission. No member of a Merit Commission shall be removed except for palpable incompetence or malfeasance in office upon written charges filed by or at the direction of the sheriff or the county board and heard before the Board of Hearings provided for in this Section. The chief judge for the judicial circuit in which the county is situated and the 2 circuit judges who have longest held judicial office shall constitute the Board of Hearing. If 2 or more circuit judges have held judicial office for the same longest or next longest length of time, choice among those circuit judges shall be made by lot. If there are only 2 circuit judges in the circuit embracing the county, then those 2 judges shall select the third member of the Board of Hearing from among the circuit judges in contiguous circuits.
    The Board of Hearings shall hear and determine the charges and its findings shall be final. If the charges are sustained, the member of the Commission so charged shall be forthwith removed from office by the Board of Hearings and the sheriff with the approval of a majority of the members of the county board shall thereupon proceed to fill the vacancy created by such removal. In any proceeding provided for in this Section, the Board of Hearings and each member thereof, shall have power to administer oaths and to compel by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books and papers.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8005

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8005) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8005)
    Sec. 3-8005. Meetings; officers. As soon as practicable after the members of the Merit Commission have been appointed, the sheriff shall call the first meeting and they shall meet and organize by selecting a chairman, a vice chairman and a secretary. The initial officers and their successor shall be selected by the Commission from among its members for a term of 2 years or for the remainder of their term of office as a member of the Commission, whichever is shorter. Two members of a three-member Commission, or 3 members of a five-member Commission, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The Commission shall hold regular quarterly meetings and such other meetings as may be called by the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8006

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8006) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8006)
    Sec. 3-8006. Appropriations. A sufficient sum of money shall be provided each year by the county board to carry out the provisions of this Division. The county board may establish per diem compensation for members of the Commission and shall allow reimbursement for reasonable and necessary expenses.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8007

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8007) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8007)
    Sec. 3-8007. Duties and jurisdiction of commission. The Merit Commission shall have the duties, pursuant to recognized merit principles of public employment, of certification for employment and promotion, and, upon complaint of the sheriff or State's Attorney as limited in this Division, to discipline or discharge as the circumstances may warrant. All full time deputy sheriffs shall be under the jurisdiction of this Act and the county board may provide that other positions, including jail officers, as defined in "An Act to revise the law in relation to jails and jailers", approved March 3, 1874, as now or hereafter amended (repealed), shall be under the jurisdiction of the Commission. There may be exempted from coverage by resolution of the county board a "chief deputy" or "chief deputies" who shall be vested with all authorities granted to deputy sheriffs pursuant to Section 3-6015. "Chief Deputy" or "Chief Deputies" as used in this Section include the personal assistant or assistants of the sheriff whether titled "chief deputy", "undersheriff", or "administrative assistant".
(Source: P.A. 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8008

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8008) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8008)
    Sec. 3-8008. Prior appointments. Notwithstanding anything in this Division to the contrary, any person certified pursuant to a merit system in effect before January 1, 1981 shall remain under the jurisdiction of the Commission. Any certified person appointed and serving before January 1, 1981 shall not be subject to the provisions of Section 3-8010.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8009

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8009) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8009)
    Sec. 3-8009. Rules and regulations. Pursuant to recognized merit principles of public employment, the Commission shall formulate, adopt and put into effect, rules, regulations and procedures for its operation and the transaction of its business.
    The Commission shall set standards and qualifications for each class.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8010

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8010) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8010)
    Sec. 3-8010. Certification of applicants. The appointment of all personnel subject to the jurisdiction of the Merit Commission shall be made by the sheriff from those applicants who have been certified by the Commission as being qualified for appointment. A Commission may, by its rules and regulations, set forth the minimum requirements for appointment to any position. In addition, the Commission's review of any application may include examinations, investigations or any other method consistent with recognized merit principles, which in the judgment of the Commission is reasonable and practical for any particular classification. Different examining procedures may be set for the examinations in different classifications but all examinations in the same classification shall be uniform. However, the Merit Commission may by regulation provide that applicants who have served with another sheriff's office, a police department, or any other law enforcement agency, or who are graduate law enforcement interns as defined in the Law Enforcement Intern Training Act, may be exempt from one or more of the minimum requirements for appointment. Preference may be given in such appointments to persons who have honorably served in the military or naval services of the United States.
    The sheriff shall make appointments from those persons certified by the Commission as qualified for appointment. If the sheriff rejects any person so certified, the sheriff shall notify the Commission in writing of such rejection.
    The rules and regulations of a Commission shall provide that all initial appointees shall serve a probationary period of 12 months during which time they may be discharged at the will of the sheriff.
(Source: P.A. 92-83, eff. 7-12-01.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8011

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8011) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8011)
    Sec. 3-8011. Certification for promotion. Whenever a position in a higher rank is to be filled, the Merit Commission shall certify to the sheriff the names of eligible persons who stand highest upon the promotional register for the rank to which the position belongs. The Commission shall make certifications for promotion on the basis of ascertained merit, seniority of service, and physical and other qualifying examinations.
    The sheriff shall appoint from those whose names were certified. If the sheriff rejects all persons so certified, he shall state his reasons for such refusal in writing to the Commission.
    All vacancies in all ranks of deputy sheriff above the lowest shall be filled by promotion, except that the Merit Commission may by regulation provide that a former sheriff may be appointed by a successor sheriff of the same county to any rank after he has been certified by the Commission or that applicants who have served with another sheriff's office, a police department, or any other law enforcement agency, may be given credit for time so served and may receive an initial appointment to a rank above the lowest.
    Persons appointed to a higher rank shall be on probation in such higher rank for a period of 12 months. Such appointees may be demoted by the sheriff to their former rank at any time during the period of probation, if, in the opinion of the sheriff, they have failed to demonstrate the ability and the qualifications necessary to furnish satisfactory service.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8012

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8012) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8012)
    Sec. 3-8012. Political affiliation. All appointments and promotions shall be made in accordance with the provisions of this Division and the rules and regulations of the Commission, without consideration of the political affiliation of any applicant.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8013

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8013) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8013)
    Sec. 3-8013. Disciplinary measures. Disciplinary measures for actions violating either the rules and regulations of the Commission or the internal procedures of the sheriff's office may be taken by the sheriff. Such disciplinary measures may include suspension of any certified person for reasonable periods, not exceeding a cumulative 30 days in any 12-month period. However, on and after June 1, 2007, in any sheriff's office with a collective bargaining agreement covering the employment of department personnel, such disciplinary measures and the method of review of those measures shall be subject to mandatory bargaining, including, but not limited to, the use of impartial arbitration as an alternative or supplemental form of due process.
(Source: P.A. 95-136, eff. 1-1-08.)

55 ILCS 5/3-8014

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8014) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8014)
    Sec. 3-8014. Removal, demotion or suspension. Except as is otherwise provided in this Division, no certified person shall be removed, demoted or suspended except for cause, upon written charges filed with the Merit Commission by the sheriff. Upon the filing of such a petition, the sheriff may suspend the certified person pending the decision of the Commission on the charges. After the charges have been heard, the Commission may direct that the person receive his pay for any part or all of this suspension period, if any.
    The charges shall be heard by the Commission upon not less than 14 days' certified notice. At such hearing, the accused certified person shall be afforded full opportunity to be represented by counsel, to be heard in his own defense and to produce proof in his defense. Both the Commission and the sheriff may be represented by counsel. The State's Attorney of the applicable county may advise either the Commission or the sheriff. The other party may engage private counsel to advise it.
    The Commission shall have the power to secure by its subpoena both the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books and papers in support of the charges and for the defense. Each member of the Commission shall have the power to administer oaths.
    If the charges against an accused person are established by the preponderance of evidence, the Commission shall make a finding of guilty and order either removal, demotion, loss of seniority, suspension for a period of not more than 180 days, or such other disciplinary punishment as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations of the Commission which, in the opinion of the members thereof, the offense justifies. If the charges against an accused person are not established by the preponderance of evidence, the Commission shall make a finding of not guilty and shall order that the person be reinstated and be paid his compensation for the suspension period, if any, while awaiting the hearing. The sheriff shall take such action as may be ordered by the Commission. However, on and after June 1, 2007, in any sheriff's office with a collective bargaining agreement covering the employment of department personnel, such disciplinary measures and the method of review of those measures shall be subject to mandatory bargaining, including, but not limited to, the use of impartial arbitration as an alternative or supplemental form of due process and any of the procedures laid out in this Section.
    The provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereof, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of any order of the Commission rendered pursuant to this Section. The plaintiff shall pay the reasonable cost of preparing and certifying the record for judicial review. However, if the plaintiff prevails in the judicial review proceeding, the court shall award to the plaintiff a sum equal to the costs paid by the plaintiff to have the record for judicial review prepared and certified.
(Source: P.A. 95-136, eff. 1-1-08.)