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REVENUE
(35 ILCS 200/) Property Tax Code.

35 ILCS 200/22-85

    (35 ILCS 200/22-85)
    Sec. 22-85. Failure to timely take out and record deed; deed is void. Unless the holder of the certificate purchased at any tax sale under this Code takes out the deed in the time provided by law, and records the same within one year from and after the time for redemption expires, the certificate or deed, and the sale on which it is based, shall, after the expiration of the one year period, be absolutely void with no right to reimbursement. If the holder of the certificate is prevented from obtaining a deed by injunction or order of any court, or by the refusal or inability of any court to act upon the application for a tax deed, or by the refusal of the clerk to execute the same deed, the time he or she is so prevented shall be excluded from computation of the one year period. Certificates of purchase and deeds executed by the clerk shall recite the qualifications required in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87-669; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/22-90

    (35 ILCS 200/22-90)
    Sec. 22-90. Recording of certificate of purchase by municipality. If any city, village or incorporated town, interested in the collection of any special tax or assessment, acquires a certificate of purchase at a tax sale, it is not required to take out a deed, but may preserve its lien under the certificate of purchase, beyond the period of redemption, by recording the certificate of purchase or evidence thereof within 1 year from the expiration of the period of redemption or extended period of redemption, in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property is situated, or by presenting the certificate for registration in the manner provided by law, to the registrar of titles in the case of property registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The recorded certificate of purchase or the evidence thereof shall contain language in substantially the following form:
STATE OF ....)
             )SS
COUNTY OF ...)
    The following described property was sold to the (here place name of city, village, or incorporated town), at a public sale for the nonpayment of special taxes or assessments in the above stated county, on (insert date), to-wit: (here place property description). The sale was for the delinquent special tax or assessment (here place the special assessment warrant number and installment). Unless payment or settlement is made at the office of (here place proper city, village or incorporated town officer), the municipality for which the above lien or liens were created may at any time after expiration of the period of redemption, sell and assign the certificate of purchase. Either the municipality or its assignee at any time after expiration of the period of redemption may file a complaint to foreclose or bring an action for the amount of the special tax or assessment due.
    Dated (insert date).
...........................
(Proper Officer)
    (Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/22-95

    (35 ILCS 200/22-95)
    Sec. 22-95. Order of court setting aside certificate of purchase; payments. Any judgment or order of the circuit court, setting aside the lien under the certificate of purchase filed in accordance with Section 22-90 shall provide that the claimant pay to the city, village or incorporated town, or its assignee holding the certificate of purchase, the following:
        (a) the amount for which the same was sold, together
    
with the amount of the penalty bid at the tax sale, if set aside before the expiration of 6 months from the day of sale;
        (b) if between 6 and 12 months, the amount for which
    
the same was sold together with twice the amount of the penalty bid;
        (c) if between 12 and 18 months, the amount for which
    
the same was sold together with 3 times the amount of the penalty bid;
        (d) if between 18 months and 2 years, the amount for
    
which the same was sold together with 4 times the amount of the penalty bid at the sale;
        (e) if after 2 years, the amount for which the same
    
was sold together with 4 times the amount of the penalty bid at the sale, and interest thereafter at the rate of 5% per year on the amount for which the same was sold.
    In all cases, the claimant shall also pay costs of $10 in counties of 3,000,000 or more inhabitants and $5 in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants.
    A final judgment or order of the circuit court in any case or in an eminent domain proceeding under the Eminent Domain Act involving the title to or interest in any property in which the city, village or incorporated town, or its assignee holding a certificate of purchase, has an interest, or setting aside any lien under the certificate filed under this Code shall not be entered, until the claimant makes reimbursement to the city, village or incorporated town or its assignee holding the certificate of purchase. The county clerk is entitled to a fee of $5 in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants and $2 in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants for preparing the estimate of the amount required to redeem. The estimate of the county clerk is prima facie evidence in all courts of the amount due to such city, village or incorporated town or its assignee.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/Tit. 8

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Tit. 8 heading)
TITLE 8. TAX OBJECTIONS

35 ILCS 200/Art. 23

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 23 heading)
Article 23. Procedures and
Adjudication for Tax Objections

35 ILCS 200/23-5

    (35 ILCS 200/23-5)
    Sec. 23-5. Payment under protest. Beginning with the 1994 tax year in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, and beginning with the 1995 tax year in all other counties, if any person desires to object to all or any part of a property tax for any year, for any reason other than that the property is exempt from taxation, he or she shall pay all of the tax due within 60 days from the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for that year. Whenever taxes are paid in compliance with this Section and a tax objection complaint is filed in compliance with Section 23-10, 100% of the taxes shall be deemed paid under protest without the filing of a separate letter of protest with the county collector.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 89-126, eff. 7-1195.)

35 ILCS 200/23-10

    (35 ILCS 200/23-10)
    Sec. 23-10. Tax objections and copies. Beginning with the 2003 tax year, in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, the person paying the taxes due as provided in Section 23-5 may file a tax objection complaint under Section 23-15 within 165 days after the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for the year in question. Beginning with the 2003 tax year, in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, the person paying the taxes due as provided in Section 23-5 may file a tax objection complaint under Section 23-15 within 75 days after the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for the year in question. However, in all counties in cases in which the complaint is permitted to be filed without payment under Section 23-5, it must be filed prior to the entry of judgment under Section 21-175. In addition, the time specified for payment of the tax provided in Section 23-5 shall not be construed to delay or prevent the entry of judgment against, or the sale of, tax delinquent property if the taxes have not been paid prior to the entry of judgment under Section 21-175. An objection to an assessment for any year shall not be allowed by the court, however, if an administrative remedy was available by complaint to the board of appeals or board of review under Section 16-55 or Section 16-115, unless that remedy was exhausted prior to the filing of the tax objection complaint.
    When any complaint is filed with the court in a county with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, the plaintiff shall file 3 copies of the complaint with the clerk of the circuit court. Any complaint or amendment thereto shall contain (i) on the first page a listing of the taxing districts against which the complaint is directed and (ii) a summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the complaint with enough copies of the summary to be distributed to each of the taxing districts against which the complaint is directed. Within 10 days after the complaint is filed, the clerk of the circuit court shall deliver one copy to the State's Attorney and one copy to the county clerk, taking their receipts therefor. The county clerk shall, within 30 days from the last day for the filing of complaints, notify the duly elected or appointed custodian of funds for each taxing district that may be affected by the complaint, stating (i) that a complaint has been filed and (ii) the summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the complaint. Any amendment to a complaint, except any amendment permitted to be made in open court during the course of a hearing on the complaint, shall also be filed in triplicate, with one copy delivered to the State's Attorney and one copy delivered to the county clerk by the clerk of the circuit court. The State's Attorney shall within 10 days of receiving his or her copy of the amendment notify the duly elected or appointed custodian of funds for each taxing district whose tax monies may be affected by the amendment, stating (i) that the amendment has been filed and (ii) the summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the amended complaint. The State's Attorney shall also notify the custodian and the county clerk in writing of the date, time and place of any hearing before the court to be held upon the complaint or amended complaint not later than 4 days prior to the hearing. The notices provided in this Section shall be by letter addressed to the custodian or the county clerk and may be mailed by regular mail, postage prepaid, postmarked within the required period, but not less than 4 days before a hearing.
(Source: P.A. 93-378, eff. 7-24-03.)

35 ILCS 200/23-15

    (35 ILCS 200/23-15)
    Sec. 23-15. Tax objection procedure and hearing.
    (a) A tax objection complaint under Section 23-10 shall be filed in the circuit court of the county in which the subject property is located. Joinder of plaintiffs shall be permitted to the same extent permitted by law in any personal action pending in the court and shall be in accordance with Section 2-404 of the Code of Civil Procedure; provided, however, that no complaint shall be filed as a class action. The complaint shall name the county collector as defendant and shall specify any objections that the plaintiff may have to the taxes in question. No appearance or answer by the county collector to the tax objection complaint, nor any further pleadings, need be filed. Amendments to the complaint may be made to the same extent which, by law, could be made in any personal action pending in the court.
    (b) (1) The court, sitting without a jury, shall hear and determine all objections specified to the taxes, assessments, or levies in question. This Section shall be construed to provide a complete remedy for any claims with respect to those taxes, assessments, or levies, excepting only matters for which an exclusive remedy is provided elsewhere in this Code.
    (2) The taxes, assessments, and levies that are the subject of the objection shall be presumed correct and legal, but the presumption is rebuttable. The plaintiff has the burden of proving any contested matter of fact by clear and convincing evidence.
    (3) Objections to assessments shall be heard de novo by the court. The court shall grant relief in the cases in which the objector meets the burden of proof under this Section and shows an assessment to be incorrect or illegal. If an objection is made claiming incorrect valuation, the court shall consider the objection without regard to the correctness of any practice, procedure, or method of valuation followed by the assessor, board of appeals, or board of review in making or reviewing the assessment, and without regard to the intent or motivation of any assessing official. The doctrine known as constructive fraud is hereby abolished for purposes of all challenges to taxes, assessments, or levies.
    (c) If the court orders a refund of any part of the taxes paid, it shall also order the payment of interest as provided in Section 23-20. Appeals may be taken from final judgments as in other civil cases.
    (d) This amendatory Act of 1995 shall apply to all tax objection matters still pending for any tax year, except as provided in Sections 23-5 and 23-10 regarding procedures and time limitations for payment of taxes and filing tax objection complaints.
    (e) In counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, if the court renders a decision lowering the assessment of a particular parcel on which a residence occupied by the owner is situated, the reduced assessment, subject to equalization, shall remain in effect for the remainder of the general assessment period as provided in Sections 9-215 through 9-225, unless that parcel is subsequently sold in an arm's length transaction establishing a fair cash value for the parcel that is different from the fair cash value on which the court's assessment is based, or unless the decision of the court is reversed or modified upon review.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 88-642, eff. 9-9-94; 89-126, eff. 7-11-95; 89-290, eff. 1-1-96; 89-593, eff. 8-1-96; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96.)

35 ILCS 200/23-20

    (35 ILCS 200/23-20)
    Sec. 23-20. Effect of protested payments; refunds. No protest shall prevent or be a cause of delay in the distribution of tax collections to the taxing districts of any taxes collected which were not paid under protest. If the final order of the Property Tax Appeal Board or of a court results in a refund to the taxpayer, refunds shall be made by the collector from funds remaining in the Protest Fund until such funds are exhausted and thereafter from the next funds collected after entry of the final order until full payment of the refund and interest thereon has been made. Interest from the date of payment, regardless of whether the payment was made before the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1997, or from the date payment is due, whichever is later, to the date of refund shall also be paid to the taxpayer at the annual rate of the lesser of (i) 5% or (ii) the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index For All Urban Consumers during the 12-month calendar year preceding the levy year for which the refund was made, as published by the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(Source: P.A. 94-558, eff. 1-1-06.)

35 ILCS 200/23-25

    (35 ILCS 200/23-25)
    Sec. 23-25. Tax exempt property; restriction on judicial determinations.
    (a) No taxpayer may file an objection as provided in Section 21-175 or Section 23-10 on the grounds that the property is exempt from taxation, or otherwise seek a judicial determination as to tax exempt status, except as provided in Section 8-40 and except as otherwise provided in this Section and Section 14-25 and Section 21-175.
    (b) Nothing in this Section shall affect the right of a governmental agency to seek a judicial determination as to the exempt status of property for those years during which eminent domain proceedings were pending before a court, once a certificate of exemption for the property is obtained by the governmental agency under Section 8-35 or Section 8-40.
    (c) This Section shall not apply to exemptions granted under Sections 15-165 through 15-180.
    (d) The limitation in this Section shall not apply to court proceedings relating to an exemption for the 1985 assessment year and preceding assessment years. However, an order entered in any such proceeding shall not preclude the necessity of applying for an exemption for 1986 or later assessment years in the manner provided by Section 16-70 or 16-130.
    (e) The limitation in this Section shall not apply to court proceedings to establish an exemption for any specific assessment year, provided that the plaintiff or its predecessor in interest in the property has established an exemption for any subsequent or prior assessment year on grounds comparable to those alleged in the court proceedings. For purposes of this subsection, the exemption for a subsequent or prior year must have been determined under Section 8-35 or a prior similar law by the Department or a predecessor agency, or under Section 8-40. Court proceedings permitted by this subsection may be initiated while proceedings for the subsequent or prior year under Section 16-70, 16-130, 8-35, or 8-40 are still pending, but judgment shall not be entered until the proceedings under Section 8-35 or 8-40 have terminated.
(Source: P.A. 89-126, eff. 7-11-95; 90-679, eff. 7-31-98.)