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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

REVENUE
(35 ILCS 200/) Property Tax Code.

35 ILCS 200/22-45

    (35 ILCS 200/22-45)
    Sec. 22-45. Tax deed incontestable unless order appealed or relief petitioned. Tax deeds issued under Section 22-40 are incontestable except by appeal from the order of the court directing the county clerk to issue the tax deed. However, relief from such order may be had under Sections 2-1203 or 2-1401 of the Code of Civil Procedure in the same manner and to the same extent as may be had under those Sections with respect to final orders and judgments in other proceedings. The grounds for relief under Section 2-1401 shall be limited to:
        (1) proof that the taxes were paid prior to sale;
        (2) proof that the property was exempt from taxation;
        (3) proof by clear and convincing evidence that the
    
tax deed had been procured by fraud or deception by the tax purchaser or his or her assignee; or
        (4) proof by a person or party holding a recorded
    
ownership or other recorded interest in the property that he or she was not named as a party in the publication notice as set forth in Section 22-20, and that the tax purchaser or his or her assignee did not make a diligent inquiry and effort to serve that person or party with the notices required by Sections 22-10 through 22-30.
    In cases of the sale of homestead property in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, a tax deed may also be voided by the court upon petition, filed not more than 3 months after an order for tax deed was entered, if the court finds that the property was owner occupied on the expiration date of the period of redemption and that the order for deed was effectuated pursuant to a negligent or willful error made by an employee of the county clerk or county collector during the period of redemption from the sale that was reasonably relied upon to the detriment of any person having a redeemable interest. In such a case, the tax purchaser shall be entitled to the original amount required to redeem the property plus interest from the sale as of the last date of redemption together with costs actually expended subsequent to the expiration of the period of redemption and reasonable attorney's fees, all of which shall be dispensed from the fund created by Section 21-295. In those cases of error where the court vacates the tax deed, it may award the petitioner reasonable attorney's fees and court costs actually expended, payable from that fund. The court hearing a petition filed under this Section or Section 2-1401 of the Code of Civil Procedure may concurrently hear a petition filed under Section 21-295 and may grant relief under any Section.
    This amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly shall be construed as being declarative of existing law and not as a new enactment.
(Source: P.A. 95-477, eff. 6-1-08.)

35 ILCS 200/22-50

    (35 ILCS 200/22-50)
    Sec. 22-50. Denial of deed. If the court refuses to enter an order directing the county clerk to execute and deliver the tax deed, because of the failure of the purchaser to fulfill any of the above provisions, and if the purchaser, or his or her assignee has made a bona fide attempt to comply with the statutory requirements for the issuance of the tax deed, then upon application of the owner of the certificate of purchase the court shall declare the sale to be a sale in error.
(Source: P.A. 92-224, eff. 1-1-02.)

35 ILCS 200/22-55

    (35 ILCS 200/22-55)
    Sec. 22-55. Tax deeds to convey merchantable title. This Section shall be liberally construed so that tax deeds shall convey merchantable title. In the event the property has been taken by eminent domain under the Eminent Domain Act, the tax purchaser shall be entitled to the award which is the substitute for the property. Tax deeds issued pursuant to this Section are subject to Section 22-70.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/22-60

    (35 ILCS 200/22-60)
    Sec. 22-60. Contents of deed; recording. Every tax deed shall contain the full names and the true post office address and residence of grantee. It shall not be of any force or effect until after it has been recorded in the office of the recorder.
(Source: P.A. 83-358; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/22-65

    (35 ILCS 200/22-65)
    Sec. 22-65. Form of deed. A tax deed executed by the county clerk under the official seal of the county shall be recorded in the same manner as other conveyances of property, and vests in the grantee, his or her heirs and assigns, the title of the property therein described without further acknowledgment or evidence of the conveyance. The conveyance shall be substantially in the following form:
State of Illinois)
                 ) ss.
County of .......)
    At a public sale of property for the nonpayment of taxes, held in the county above stated, on (insert date), the following described property was sold: (here place description of property conveyed). The property not having been redeemed from the sale, and it appearing that the holder of the certificate of purchase of the property has complied with the laws of the State of Illinois necessary to entitle (insert him, her or them) to a deed of the property: I ...., county clerk of the county of ...., in consideration of the property and by virtue of the statutes of the State of Illinois in such cases provided, grant and convey to ...., his or her heirs and assigns forever, the property described above.
    Dated (insert date).
Signature of .................. County Clerk
Seal of County of ...., Illinois
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/22-70

    (35 ILCS 200/22-70)
    Sec. 22-70. Easements and covenants running with the land. A tax deed issued with respect to any property sold under this Code shall not extinguish or affect any conservation right, easement, covenant running with the land or right-of-way for water, sewer, electricity, gas, telephone or other public service use which was created, on or over that real property before the time that property was sold under this Code and which is evidenced either by a recorded instrument or by wires, poles, pipes, equipment or other public service facilities. When the property described in a tax deed issued under this Code is a dominant or a servient tenement with respect to any private easement or easements, created in good faith expressly or by operation of law for the benefit of a dominant tenement or tenements, with respect to the easement or easements the tax deed shall have the same effect as a deed of conveyance made by the owner of the property to the tax deed grantee, just prior to the issuance of the deed.
    This Section does not apply to tax deeds issued because the owner of any easement, covenant running with the land or right-of-way has failed to pay taxes or special assessments assessed for that easement, covenant running with the land or right-of-way.
(Source: P.A. 91-497, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/22-75

    (35 ILCS 200/22-75)
    Sec. 22-75. Deed; prima facie evidence of regularity of sale.
    (a) As to the property conveyed therein, tax deeds executed by the county clerk are prima facie evidence of the following facts in all controversies and suits in relation to the rights of the tax deed grantee and his or her heirs or assigns:
        (1) the property conveyed was subject to taxation at
    
the time it was assessed, and was listed and assessed in the time and manner required by law;
        (2) the taxes or special assessments were not paid at
    
any time before the sale;
        (3) the property was advertised for sale in the
    
manner and for the length of time required by law;
        (4) the property was sold for taxes or special
    
assessments as stated in the deed;
        (5) the sale was conducted in the manner required by
    
law;
        (6) the property conveyed was not redeemed from the
    
sale within the time permitted by law;
        (7) the grantee in the deed was the purchaser or
    
assignee of the purchaser.
    (b) Any order for the sale of property for delinquent taxes, except as otherwise provided in this Section, shall estop all parties from raising any objections to the order or to a tax title based thereon, which existed at or before the rendition of the order, and which could have been presented as a defense to the application for the order. The order itself is conclusive evidence of its regularity and validity in all collateral proceedings, except in cases where the tax or special assessments were paid prior to the sale or the property was exempt from general taxes or was not subject to special assessment.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 89-342, eff. 1-1-96.)

35 ILCS 200/22-80

    (35 ILCS 200/22-80)
    Sec. 22-80. Order of court setting aside tax deed; payments to holder of deed.
    (a) Any order of court vacating an order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed based upon a finding that the property was not subject to taxation or special assessment, or that the taxes or special assessments had been paid prior to the sale of the property, or that the tax sale was otherwise void, shall declare the tax sale to be a sale in error pursuant to Section 21-310 of this Act. The order shall direct the county collector to refund to the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns (or, if a tax deed has not yet issued, the holder of the certificate) the following amounts:
        (1) all taxes and special assessments purchased,
    
paid, or redeemed by the tax purchaser or his or her assignee, or by the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns, whether before or after entry of the order for tax deed, with interest at the rate of 1% per month from the date each amount was paid until the date of payment pursuant to this Section;
        (2) all costs paid and posted to the judgment record
    
and not included in paragraph (1) of this subsection (a); and
        (3) court reporter fees for the hearing on the
    
application for tax deed and transcript thereof, cost of certification of tax deed order, cost of issuance of tax deed, and cost of recording of tax deed.
    (b) Except in those cases described in subsection (a) of this Section, and unless the court on motion of the tax deed petitioner extends the redemption period to a date not later than 3 years from the date of sale, any order of court finding that an order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed should be vacated shall direct the party who successfully contested the entry of the order to pay to the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns (or, if a tax deed has not yet issued, the holder of the certificate) within 90 days after the date of the finding:
        (1) the amount necessary to redeem the property from
    
the sale as of the last day of the period of redemption, except that, if the sale is a scavenger sale pursuant to Section 21-260 of this Act, the redemption amount shall not include an amount equal to all delinquent taxes on such property which taxes were delinquent at the time of sale; and
        (2) amounts in satisfaction of municipal liens paid
    
by the tax purchaser or his or her assignee, and the amounts specified in paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (a) of this Section, to the extent the amounts are not included in paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
    If the payment is not made within the 90-day period, the petition to vacate the order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall be denied with prejudice, and the order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall remain in full force and effect. No final order vacating any order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall be entered pursuant to this subsection (b) until the payment has been made.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/22-85

    (35 ILCS 200/22-85)
    Sec. 22-85. Failure to timely take out and record deed; deed is void. Unless the holder of the certificate purchased at any tax sale under this Code takes out the deed in the time provided by law, and records the same within one year from and after the time for redemption expires, the certificate or deed, and the sale on which it is based, shall, after the expiration of the one year period, be absolutely void with no right to reimbursement. If the holder of the certificate is prevented from obtaining a deed by injunction or order of any court, or by the refusal or inability of any court to act upon the application for a tax deed, or by the refusal of the clerk to execute the same deed, the time he or she is so prevented shall be excluded from computation of the one year period. Certificates of purchase and deeds executed by the clerk shall recite the qualifications required in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87-669; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/22-90

    (35 ILCS 200/22-90)
    Sec. 22-90. Recording of certificate of purchase by municipality. If any city, village or incorporated town, interested in the collection of any special tax or assessment, acquires a certificate of purchase at a tax sale, it is not required to take out a deed, but may preserve its lien under the certificate of purchase, beyond the period of redemption, by recording the certificate of purchase or evidence thereof within 1 year from the expiration of the period of redemption or extended period of redemption, in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property is situated, or by presenting the certificate for registration in the manner provided by law, to the registrar of titles in the case of property registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The recorded certificate of purchase or the evidence thereof shall contain language in substantially the following form:
STATE OF ....)
             )SS
COUNTY OF ...)
    The following described property was sold to the (here place name of city, village, or incorporated town), at a public sale for the nonpayment of special taxes or assessments in the above stated county, on (insert date), to-wit: (here place property description). The sale was for the delinquent special tax or assessment (here place the special assessment warrant number and installment). Unless payment or settlement is made at the office of (here place proper city, village or incorporated town officer), the municipality for which the above lien or liens were created may at any time after expiration of the period of redemption, sell and assign the certificate of purchase. Either the municipality or its assignee at any time after expiration of the period of redemption may file a complaint to foreclose or bring an action for the amount of the special tax or assessment due.
    Dated (insert date).
...........................
(Proper Officer)
    (Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)