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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(20 ILCS 830/) Interagency Wetland Policy Act of 1989.

20 ILCS 830/Art. I

    (20 ILCS 830/Art. I heading)

20 ILCS 830/1-1

    (20 ILCS 830/1-1) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-1)
    Sec. 1-1. Short Title. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Interagency Wetland Policy Act of 1989".
(Source: P.A. 86-157.)

20 ILCS 830/1-2

    (20 ILCS 830/1-2) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-2)
    Sec. 1-2. Legislative declaration. The General Assembly finds and determines that:
    (a) In 1818, Illinois contained an estimated 8.2 million acres of wetlands. Based upon preliminary results of the Illinois portion of the National Wetlands Inventory, less than nine percent of the original acres remain.
    (b) With the significant loss in acreage, a corresponding loss in the functional values and benefits that wetlands provide has occurred.
    (c) Continued loss of Illinois' wetlands may deprive the people of this State of some or all of the benefits which they provide, including:
    (1) reducing flood damages by absorbing, storing and conveying peak flows from storms;
    (2) improving water quality by serving as sedimentation and filtering basins and as natural biological treatment areas;
    (3) providing breeding, nesting, forage and protective habitat for approximately 40 percent of the State's threatened and endangered plants and animals, in addition to other forms of fish, wildlife, waterfowl and shorebirds;
    (4) protecting underground water resources and helping to recharge rivers, streams and local or regional underground water supplies;
    (5) serving as recreational areas for hunting, fishing, boating, hiking, bird watching, photography and other uses;
    (6) providing open space and aesthetic values, particularly in rapidly developing areas;
    (7) providing unique educational and research opportunities because of their high diversity of plants and animals, their support for a high incidence of threatened and endangered species, and their function as a natural buffer for rivers, lakes and streams;
    (8) supplying nutrients in freshwater food cycles and serving as nursery areas and sanctuaries for young fish; and
    (9) helping to protect shorelines from the forces of water erosion.
(Source: P.A. 86-157.)

20 ILCS 830/1-3

    (20 ILCS 830/1-3) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-3)
    Sec. 1-3. Application. The General Assembly recognizes the environmental, economic and social values of the State's remaining wetlands and directs that State agencies shall preserve, enhance, and create wetlands where possible and avoid adverse impacts to wetlands from:
    (a) State and State pass-through funded construction activities. This Act does not apply to construction activities costing less than $10,000, in which non-public contributions are at least 25 percent of the total cost. This Act does not apply to cleanup of contaminated sites authorized, funded or approved pursuant to: (1) the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-510), as amended; (2) the leaking underground storage tank program, as established in Subtitle I of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (P.L. 98-616), as amended, of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-580); (3) the State remedial action program established under Section 4 of the Environmental Protection Act, as amended, or any other Section of this Act or regulations promulgated thereunder which pertain to the above exempted federal cleanup programs.
    This Act does not apply to projects receiving loan assistance provided to local government units under the provisions of the Illinois Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund, that are subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) or the state equivalent, pursuant to rules governing the Illinois Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund.
    (b) State supported land management activities;
    (c) State and State supported technical assistance programs; and
    (d) Other State activities that result in adverse impacts to wetlands.
    Educational materials produced with State support, shall be consistent with the policies contained within this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-157.)

20 ILCS 830/1-4

    (20 ILCS 830/1-4) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-4)
    Sec. 1-4. State goal. It shall be the goal of the State that there be no overall net loss of the State's existing wetland acres or their functional value due to State supported activities. Further, State agencies shall preserve, enhance and create wetlands where necessary in order to increase the quality and quantity of the State's wetland resource base.
(Source: P.A. 86-157.)

20 ILCS 830/1-5

    (20 ILCS 830/1-5) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-5)
    Sec. 1-5. Goal implementation. The goal is implemented through a State Wetland Mitigation Policy and the development of Agency Action Plans.
(Source: P.A. 86-157.)

20 ILCS 830/1-6

    (20 ILCS 830/1-6) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9701-6)
    Sec. 1-6. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    (a) "Wetland" means land that has a predominance of hydric soils (soils which are usually wet and where there is little or no free oxygen) and that is inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation (plants typically found in wet habitats) typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Areas which are restored or created as the result of mitigation or planned construction projects and which function as a wetland are included within this definition even when all three wetland parameters are not present.
    (b) "Adverse wetland impacts" means any land management and construction or related project activity which directly or indirectly reduces the size of a wetland or impairs a wetland's functional value, as described in subsection (c) of Section 1-2 of this Act, or the hydraulic and hydrologic characteristics of a wetland.
    (c) "Director" means the Director of Natural Resources.
    (d) "Department" with reference to this Act means the Department of Natural Resources.
    (e) "Committee" means the Interagency Wetlands Committee created by this Act.
    (f) "Mitigation" includes avoiding, minimizing or compensating for adverse wetland impacts. This includes:
        (1) Avoiding the impact altogether by not taking a
certain action or parts of an action;
        (2) Minimizing the impact by limiting the magnitude
of the action; and
        (3) Compensating for the impact by replacing or
providing substitute wetland resources or environments.
    (g) "Agency Action Plan" means a plan developed by an individual agency to implement this Act.
    (h) "Wetland Compensation Plan" means a plan developed for each individual construction project that details how the responsible agency will compensate for actions which will result in adverse wetland impacts.
    (i) "Conservation Organization" means an organization, legally established under Illinois Law, for the purpose of managing and protecting natural resources.
    (j) "Necessary" means in a manner consistent with the intent of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)