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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ELECTIONS
(10 ILCS 5/) Election Code.

10 ILCS 5/17-6

    (10 ILCS 5/17-6) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-6)
    Sec. 17-6. The names of all candidates for which the elector intends to vote shall be written or printed upon the same ballot, and the office to which he or she desires each to be elected shall be designated upon the ballot in the manner prescribed in Article 16 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 83-333.)

10 ILCS 5/17-7

    (10 ILCS 5/17-7) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-7)
    Sec. 17-7. The judges of election of their respective election precincts or election districts shall have charge of the ballots and furnish them to the voter as herein set forth.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/17-8

    (10 ILCS 5/17-8) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-8)
    Sec. 17-8. The county clerk shall provide in each polling place, so designated or provided a sufficient number of booths, which shall be provided with such supplies and conveniences, including shelves, pens, penholders, ink, blotters and pencils, as will enable the voter to prepare his ballot for voting, and in which voters may prepare their ballots screened from all observation as to the manner in which they do so. They shall be within plain view of election officers, and both they and the ballot boxes shall be within plain view of those within the proximity of the voting booths. Each of said booths shall have 3 sides enclosed, one side in front, to be closed with a curtain. Each side of each booth shall be 6 feet 4 inches and the curtain shall extend within 2 feet of the floor, which shall be closed while the voter is preparing his ballot. Each booth shall be at least 32 inches square and shall contain a shelf at least one foot wide, at a convenient height for writing. No person other than the election officers and the challengers allowed by law, and those admitted for the purpose of voting as herein provided, shall be permitted within the proximity of the voting booths, (i) except by authority of the election officers to keep order and enforce the law and (ii) except that one or more children under the age of 18 may accompany their parent or guardian into the voting booth as long as a request to do so is made to the election officers and, in the sole discretion of the election officers, the child or children are not likely to disrupt or interfere with the voting process or influence the casting of a vote. The number of such voting booths shall not be less than one to every 75 voters or fraction thereof who voted at the last preceding election in the precinct. The expense of providing booths and other things required in this Act shall be paid in the same manner as other election expenses.
    Where electronic voting systems are used, a booth with a self-contained electronic voting device may be used. Each such booth shall have 3 sides enclosed and shall be equipped with a curtain for closing the front of the booth. The curtain must extend to within 2 feet of the floor. Each side shall be of such a height, in no event less than 5 feet, one inch, as to insure the secrecy of the voter. Each booth shall be at least 32 inches square, provided, however, that where a booth is no more than 23 inches wide and the sides of such booth extend from a point below the device to a height of 5 feet, one inch, at the front of the booth, and such booth insures that voters may prepare their ballots in secrecy, such booth may be used. If an election authority provides each polling place with stickers or emblems to be given to voters indicating that the person has voted, no person who has voted shall be denied such sticker or emblem.
(Source: P.A. 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-9

    (10 ILCS 5/17-9) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-9)
    Sec. 17-9. Any person desiring to vote shall give his name and, if required to do so, his residence to the judges of election, one of whom shall thereupon announce the same in a loud and distinct tone of voice, clear, and audible; the judges of elections shall check each application for ballot against the list of voters registered in that precinct to whom grace period, vote by mail, or early ballots have been issued for that election, which shall be provided by the election authority and which list shall be available for inspection by pollwatchers. A voter applying to vote in the precinct on election day whose name appears on the list as having been issued a grace period, vote by mail, or early ballot shall not be permitted to vote in the precinct, except that a voter to whom a vote by mail ballot was issued may vote in the precinct if the voter submits to the election judges that vote by mail ballot for cancellation. If the voter is unable to submit the vote by mail ballot, it shall be sufficient for the voter to submit to the election judges (i) a portion of the vote by mail ballot if the vote by mail ballot was torn or mutilated or (ii) an affidavit executed before the election judges specifying that (A) the voter never received a vote by mail ballot or (B) the voter completed and returned a vote by mail ballot and was informed that the election authority did not receive that vote by mail ballot. All applicable provisions of Articles 4, 5 or 6 shall be complied with and if such name is found on the register of voters by the officer having charge thereof, he shall likewise repeat said name, and the voter shall be allowed to enter within the proximity of the voting booths, as above provided. One of the judges shall give the voter one, and only one of each ballot to be voted at the election, on the back of which ballots such judge shall indorse his initials in such manner that they may be seen when each such ballot is properly folded, and the voter's name shall be immediately checked on the register list. In those election jurisdictions where perforated ballot cards are utilized of the type on which write-in votes can be cast above the perforation, the election authority shall provide a space both above and below the perforation for the judge's initials, and the judge shall endorse his or her initials in both spaces. Whenever a proposal for a constitutional amendment or for the calling of a constitutional convention is to be voted upon at the election, the separate blue ballot or ballots pertaining thereto shall, when being handed to the voter, be placed on top of the other ballots to be voted at the election in such manner that the legend appearing on the back thereof, as prescribed in Section 16-6 of this Act, shall be plainly visible to the voter. At all elections, when a registry may be required, if the name of any person so desiring to vote at such election is not found on the register of voters, he or she shall not receive a ballot until he or she shall have complied with the law prescribing the manner and conditions of voting by unregistered voters. If any person desiring to vote at any election shall be challenged, he or she shall not receive a ballot until he or she shall have established his right to vote in the manner provided hereinafter; and if he or she shall be challenged after he has received his ballot, he shall not be permitted to vote until he or she has fully complied with such requirements of the law upon being challenged. Besides the election officer, not more than 2 voters in excess of the whole number of voting booths provided shall be allowed within the proximity of the voting booths at one time. The provisions of this Act, so far as they require the registration of voters as a condition to their being allowed to vote shall not apply to persons otherwise entitled to vote, who are, at the time of the election, or at any time within 60 days prior to such election have been engaged in the military or naval service of the United States, and who appear personally at the polling place on election day and produce to the judges of election satisfactory evidence thereof, but such persons, if otherwise qualified to vote, shall be permitted to vote at such election without previous registration.
    All such persons shall also make an affidavit which shall be in substantially the following form:
State of Illinois,)
                  ) ss.
County of ........)
............... Precinct   .......... Ward
    I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am a citizen of the United States, of the age of 18 years or over, and that within the past 60 days prior to the date of this election at which I am applying to vote, I have been engaged in the .... (military or naval) service of the United States; and I am qualified to vote under and by virtue of the Constitution and laws of the State of Illinois, and that I am a legally qualified voter of this precinct and ward except that I have, because of such service, been unable to register as a voter; that I now reside at .... (insert street and number, if any) in this precinct and ward; that I have maintained a legal residence in this precinct and ward for 30 days and in this State 30 days next preceding this election.
.........................
    Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
.........................
Judge of Election.

 
    The affidavit of any such person shall be supported by the affidavit of a resident and qualified voter of any such precinct and ward, which affidavit shall be in substantially the following form:
State of Illinois,)
                  ) ss.
County of ........)
........... Precinct   ........... Ward
    I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm), that I am a resident of this precinct and ward and entitled to vote at this election; that I am acquainted with .... (name of the applicant); that I verily believe him to be an actual bona fide resident of this precinct and ward and that I verily believe that he or she has maintained a legal residence therein 30 days and in this State 30 days next preceding this election.
.........................
    Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
.........................
Judge of Election.

 
    All affidavits made under the provisions of this Section shall be enclosed in a separate envelope securely sealed, and shall be transmitted with the returns of the elections to the county clerk or to the board of election commissioners, who shall preserve the said affidavits for the period of 6 months, during which period such affidavits shall be deemed public records and shall be freely open to examination as such.
(Source: P.A. 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-10

    (10 ILCS 5/17-10) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-10)
    Sec. 17-10. (a) Whenever, at any election, in any precinct, any person offering to vote is not personally known to the judges of election to have the qualifications required in this Act, if his vote is challenged by a legal voter at such election, he or she shall make and subscribe an affidavit, in the following form, which shall be retained by the judges of election, and returned by them affixed to the poll books or with the official poll record:
State of Illinois)
                 )ss.
County of .......)
    I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am a citizen of the United States; that I am 18 years of age or over; that I have resided in this State and in this election district 30 days next preceding this election; that I have not voted at this election; that I am a duly qualified voter in every respect; that I now reside at (here give the particular house or place of residence, and, if in a town or city, the street and number), in this election district; *1. that I registered to vote from said address; *2. that I changed my residence to the above address from ...., both of which are in this election district; *3. that I changed my name from .... to that which I have signed below; *4. that I have not changed my residence but my address has changed as a result of implementation of a 9-1-1 emergency telephone system.
    So help me God, (or "This I do solemnly and sincerely affirm", as the case may be).
.........................
    Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
.........................
    *1. If registration is not required, draw a line through 1 above.
    *2. Fill in the blank ONLY if you have moved within 2 years.
    *3. Fill in the blank ONLY if you have changed your name within 2 years.
    *4. Fill in the blank ONLY if you have not changed your residence but your address has changed as a result of implementation of a 9-1-1 emergency telephone system.
 
    In addition to such an affidavit, the person so challenged shall provide to the judges of election proof of residence by producing two forms of identification showing the person's current residence address, provided that such identification may include a lease or contract for a residence and not more than one piece of mail addressed to the person at his current residence address and postmarked not earlier than 30 days prior to the date of the election, or the person shall procure a witness personally known to the judges of election, and resident in the precinct (or district), or who shall be proved by some legal voter of such precinct or district, known to the judges to be such, who shall take the oath following, viz:
    I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am a resident of this election precinct (or district), and entitled to vote at this election, and that I have been a resident of this State for 30 days last past, and am well acquainted with the person whose vote is now offered; that he is an actual and bona fide resident of this election precinct (or district), and has resided herein 30 days, and as I verily believe, in this State, 30 days next preceding this election.
    The oath in each case may be administered by either of the judges of election, or by any officer, resident in the precinct or district, authorized by law to administer oaths.
    (b) Whenever, at any regular or special election, in any precinct, district, city, village, incorporated town, town or ward, any person offering to vote has moved therefrom within 30 days prior to said regular or special election, he shall make and subscribe an affidavit, in the following form, which shall be supported by providing to the judges of election proof of residence by producing two forms of identification showing the person's current residence address, provided that such identification may include not more than one piece of mail addressed to the person at his current residence address and postmarked not earlier than 30 days prior to the date of the election, or by one affidavit of a registered voter in the precinct, as provided herein, both of which shall be retained by the judges of election, and returned by them affixed to the poll books or with the official poll record:
State of Illinois)
                 )ss.
County of .......)
    I, ........., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am a citizen of the United States; that I am 18 years of age; that I have not voted at this election; that prior to 30 days preceding this election I was a duly qualified and registered voter in every respect in this election district; that I have recently moved from (here give the particular house or place of residence, and, if in a town or city, the street and number), in this election district; that I now reside at (here give the particular house or place of residence, and, if in a town or city, the street and number), in another election district in the State.
    So help me God, (or "This I do solemnly and sincerely affirm", as the case may be).
......................
    Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
......................
State of Illinois)
                 )ss.
County of .......)
......... Precinct ........ Ward
    I, ........, do solemnly swear (or affirm), that I am a resident of this precinct and entitled to vote at this election; that I am acquainted with .... (name of the applicant); that I verily believe him to have been an actual bona fide resident and registered voter of this precinct and that he maintained a legal residence therein, 30 days next preceding this election.
....................
    Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
....................
Judge of Election.

 
    The oath may be administered by either of the judges of election, or by any officer, resident in the precinct or district, authorized by law to administer oaths.
    (c) For purposes of this Section, the submission of a photo identification issued by a college or university, accompanied by either (i) a copy of the applicant's contract or lease for a residence or (ii) one piece of mail addressed to the person at his or her current residence address and postmarked not earlier than 30 days prior to the date of the election, shall be sufficient to establish proof of residence.
(Source: P.A. 96-317, eff. 1-1-10.)

10 ILCS 5/17-11

    (10 ILCS 5/17-11) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-11)
    Sec. 17-11. On receipt of his ballot the voter shall forthwith, and without leaving the inclosed space, retire alone, or accompanied by children as provided in Section 17-8, to one of the voting booths so provided and shall prepare his ballot by making in the appropriate margin or place a cross (X) opposite the name of the candidate of his choice for each office to be filled, or by writing in the name of the candidate of his choice in a blank space on said ticket, making a cross (X) opposite thereto; and in case of a question submitted to the vote of the people, by making in the appropriate margin or place a cross (X) against the answer he desires to give. A cross (X) in the square in front of the bracket enclosing the names of a team of candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor counts as one vote for each of such candidates. Before leaving the voting booth the voter shall fold his ballot in such manner as to conceal the marks thereon. He shall then vote forthwith in the manner herein provided, except that the number corresponding to the number of the voter on the poll books shall not be indorsed on the back of his ballot. He shall mark and deliver his ballot without undue delay, and shall quit said inclosed space as soon as he has voted; except that immediately after voting, the voter shall be instructed whether the voting equipment, if used, accepted or rejected the ballot or identified the ballot as under-voted for a statewide constitutional office. A voter whose ballot is identified as under-voted may return to the voting booth and complete the voting of that ballot. A voter whose ballot is not accepted by the voting equipment may, upon surrendering the ballot, request and vote another ballot. The voter's surrendered ballot shall be initialed by the election judge and handled as provided in the appropriate Article governing that voting equipment.
    No voter shall be allowed to occupy a voting booth already occupied by another, nor remain within said inclosed space more than ten minutes, nor to occupy a voting booth more than five minutes in case all of said voting booths are in use and other voters waiting to occupy the same. No voter not an election officer, shall, after having voted, be allowed to re-enter said inclosed space during said election. No person shall take or remove any ballot from the polling place before the close of the poll. No voter shall vote or offer to vote any ballot except such as he has received from the judges of election in charge of the ballots. Any voter who shall, by accident or mistake, spoil his ballot, may, on returning said spoiled ballot, receive another in place thereof only after the word "spoiled" has been written in ink diagonally across the entire face of the ballot returned by the voter.
    Where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used, the provisions of this section may be modified as required or authorized by Article 24, 24A, 24B, or 24C, whichever is applicable, except that the requirements of this Section that (i) the voter must be notified of the voting equipment's acceptance or rejection of the voter's ballot or identification of an under-vote for a statewide constitutional office and (ii) the voter shall have the opportunity to correct an under-vote or surrender the ballot that was not accepted and vote another ballot shall not be modified.
(Source: P.A. 94-288, eff. 1-1-06; 95-699, eff. 11-9-07.)

10 ILCS 5/17-12

    (10 ILCS 5/17-12) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-12)
    Sec. 17-12. The ballot shall be folded by the voter and delivered to one of the judges of election; and if the judge be satisfied, that the person offering the vote is a legal voter, the judges of election shall enter the name of the voter, and his number, under the proper heading in the poll books, (except as otherwise provided in Articles 4, 5 or 6) and shall immediately put the ballot into the ballot box.
    The voter shall in like manner fold and deliver the separate blue ballot or ballots pertaining to a proposal or proposals for constitutional amendments or the calling of a constitutional convention, if such proposal or proposals have been submitted to a vote of the people at such election and shall also in like manner fold and deliver the separate representative ballot provided for in Article 8A in cases where that Article is applicable. The judge of election to whom the voter delivers his ballots shall not accept the same unless all of the ballots given to the voter are returned by him. If a voter delivers less than all of the ballots given to him, the judge to whom the same are offered shall advise him in a voice clearly audible to the other judges of election that the voter must return the remainder of the ballots. The statement of the judge to the voter shall clearly express the fact that the voter is not required to vote such remaining ballots but that whether or not he votes them he must fold and deliver them to the judge. In making such statement the judge of election shall not indicate by word, gesture or intonation of voice that the unreturned ballots shall be voted in any particular manner. No new voter shall be permitted to enter the voting booth of a voter who has failed to deliver the total number of ballots received by him until such voter has returned to the voting booth pursuant to the judge's request and again quit the booth with all of the ballots required to be returned by him. Upon receipt of all such ballots the judges of election shall enter the name of the voter, and his number, as above provided in this section, and the judge to whom the ballots are delivered shall immediately put the ballots into the ballot box but, in the case of an election for Representatives in the General Assembly pursuant to Article 8A, the official representative ballot shall be placed in the separate ballot box provided for such purpose. If any voter who has failed to deliver all the ballots received by him refuses to return to the voting booth after being advised by the judge of election as herein provided, the judge shall inform the other judges of such refusal, and thereupon the ballot or ballots returned to the judge shall be deposited in the ballot box, the voter shall be permitted to depart from the polling place, and a new voter shall be permitted to enter the voting booth.
    No judge of election shall accept from any voter less than the full number of ballots received by such voter without first advising the voter in the manner above provided of the necessity of returning all of the ballots, nor shall any judge advise such voter in a manner contrary to that which is herein permitted, or in any other manner violate the provisions of this section; provided that the acceptance by a judge of election of less than the full number of ballots delivered to a voter who refuses to return to the voting booth after being properly advised by the judge shall not be a violation of this section.
(Source: Laws 1964, 1st S.S., p. 711.)

10 ILCS 5/17-13

    (10 ILCS 5/17-13) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-13)
    Sec. 17-13. (a) In the case of an emergency, as determined by the State Board of Elections, or if the Board determines that all potential polling places have been surveyed by the election authority and that no accessible polling place, as defined by rule of the State Board of Elections, is available within a precinct nor is the election authority able to make a polling place within the precinct temporarily accessible, the Board, upon written application by the election authority, is authorized to grant an exemption from the accessibility requirements of the Federal Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act (Public Law 98-435). Such exemption shall be valid for a period of 2 years.
    (b) Any voter with a temporary or permanent disability who, because of structural features of the building in which the polling place is located, is unable to access or enter the polling place, may request that 2 judges of election of opposite party affiliation deliver a ballot to him or her at the point where he or she is unable to continue forward motion toward the polling place; but, in no case, shall a ballot be delivered to the voter beyond 50 feet of the entrance to the building in which the polling place is located. Such request shall be made to the election authority not later than the close of business at the election authority's office on the day before the election and on a form prescribed by the State Board of Elections. The election authority shall notify the judges of election for the appropriate precinct polling places of such requests.
    Weather permitting, 2 judges of election shall deliver to the voter with a disability the ballot which he or she is entitled to vote, a portable voting booth or other enclosure that will allow such voter to mark his or her ballot in secrecy, and a marking device.
    (c) The voter must complete the entire voting process, including the application for ballot from which the judges of election shall compare the voter's signature with the signature on his or her registration record card in the precinct binder.
    (d) After the voter has marked his or her ballot and placed it in the ballot envelope (or folded it in the manner prescribed for paper ballots), the 2 judges of election shall return the ballot to the polling place and give it to the judge in charge of the ballot box who shall deposit it therein.
    Pollwatchers as provided in Sections 7-34 and 17-23 of this Code shall be permitted to accompany the judges and observe the above procedure.
    No assistance may be given to such voter in marking his or her ballot, unless the voter requests assistance and completes the affidavit required by Section 17-14 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 102-1, eff. 4-2-21; 102-15, eff. 6-17-21.)

10 ILCS 5/17-13.5

    (10 ILCS 5/17-13.5)
    Sec. 17-13.5. Curbside voting. Election authorities may establish curbside voting for individuals to cast a ballot during early voting or on election day. An election authority's curbside voting program shall designate at least 2 election judges from opposite parties per vehicle, and the individual shall have the opportunity to mark the ballot without interference from the election judges.
(Source: P.A. 102-15, eff. 6-17-21.)

10 ILCS 5/17-14

    (10 ILCS 5/17-14) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-14)
    Sec. 17-14. Any voter who declares upon oath, properly witnessed and with his or her signature or mark affixed, that he or she requires assistance to vote by reason of blindness, physical disability or inability to read, write or speak the English language shall, upon request, be assisted in marking his or her ballot, by 2 judges of election of different political parties, to be selected by all judges of election of each precinct at the opening of the polls or by a person of the voter's choice, other than the voter's employer or agent of that employer or officer or agent of the voter's union. A voter who presents an Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card, issued to that person under the provisions of the Illinois Identification Card Act, indicating that such voter has a Class 1A or Class 2 disability under the provisions of Section 4A of the Illinois Identification Card Act, or a voter who declares upon oath, properly witnessed, that by reason of any physical disability he is unable to mark his ballot shall, upon request, be assisted in marking his ballot by 2 of the election officers of different parties as provided above in this Section or by a person of the voter's choice other than the voter's employer or agent of that employer or officer or agent of the voter's union. Such voter shall state specifically the reason why he cannot vote without assistance and, in the case of a voter with a physical disability, what his physical disability is. Prior to entering the voting booth, the person providing the assistance, if other than 2 judges of election, shall be presented with written instructions on how assistance shall be provided. This instruction shall be prescribed by the State Board of Elections and shall include the penalties for attempting to influence the voter's choice of candidates, party, or votes in relation to any question on the ballot and for not marking the ballot as directed by the voter. Additionally, the person providing the assistance shall sign an oath, swearing not to influence the voter's choice of candidates, party, or votes in relation to any question on the ballot and to cast the ballot as directed by the voter. The oath shall be prescribed by the State Board of Elections and shall include the penalty for violating this Section. In the voting booth, such person shall mark the ballot as directed by the voter, and shall thereafter give no information regarding the same. The judges of election shall enter upon the poll lists or official poll record after the name of any elector who received such assistance in marking his ballot a memorandum of the fact and if the disability is permanent. Intoxication shall not be regarded as a physical disability, and no intoxicated person shall be entitled to assistance in marking his ballot.
    No person shall secure or attempt to secure assistance in voting who is not blind, a person with a physical disability, or illiterate as herein provided, nor shall any person knowingly assist a voter in voting contrary to the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-15

    (10 ILCS 5/17-15) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-15)
    Sec. 17-15. (a) Any person entitled to vote at a general or special election or at any election at which propositions are submitted to a popular vote in this State, shall, on the day of such election, be entitled to absent himself from any services or employment in which he is then engaged or employed, for a period of 2 hours between the time of opening and closing the polls; and such voter shall not because of so absenting himself be liable to any penalty; Provided, however, that application for such leave of absence shall be made prior to the day of election. The employer may specify the hours during which said employee may absent himself as aforesaid, except that the employer must permit a 2-hour absence during working hours if the employee's working hours begin less than 2 hours after the opening of the polls and end less than 2 hours before the closing of the polls. No person or corporation shall refuse to an employee the privilege hereby conferred, nor shall subject an employee to a penalty, including a reduction in compensation due to an absence under this Section, because of the exercise of such privilege, nor shall directly or indirectly violate the provisions of this Section.
    (b) Beginning the 15th day before a general or special election or any election at which propositions are submitted to a popular vote in this State or on the day of a general or special election or any election at which propositions are submitted to a popular vote in this State, any student entitled to vote at such election shall be entitled to be absent from school for a period of 2 hours during the school day in order to vote. The school may specify the hours during which the eligible student may be absent. A student who is absent from school under this subsection (b) is not considered absent for the purpose of calculating enrollment under Section 18-8.15 of the School Code.
(Source: P.A. 101-624, eff. 6-1-20.)

10 ILCS 5/17-16

    (10 ILCS 5/17-16) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-16)
    Sec. 17-16. If the voter marks more candidates than there are persons to be elected to an office, or if for any reason it is impossible to determine the voter's choice for any office to be filled, his ballot shall not be counted for such office, provided that if the name of a candidate appears in more than one column on the ballot as authorized by this Act, and a ballot has been marked in his or her favor in more than one column and the voter's intention is otherwise ascertainable, the candidate shall receive only one vote from such ballot and the remaining votes cast for him or her on such ballot shall not be counted. No ballot without the official endorsement shall be deposited in the ballot box, and none but ballots provided in accordance with the provisions of this Act shall be counted. Ballots not counted shall be marked "defective" on the back thereof, and ballots to which objection has been made by either of the judges or challengers shall be marked "objected to" on the back thereof, and a memorandum signed by the judges stating how it was counted shall be written upon the back of each ballot so marked, and all ballots marked defective or objected to shall be enclosed in an envelope securely sealed and so marked and endorsed as to clearly disclose its contents. The envelope to be used for enclosing ballots marked "defective" or "objected to" shall bear upon its face, in large type, the legend: "This envelope is for use after 7:00 P.M. only." The envelope to be used for enclosing ballots spoiled by voters while attempting to vote shall bear upon its face, in large type, the legend: "This envelope is for use before 7:00 P.M. only." All ballots not voted, and all that have been spoiled by voters while attempting to vote, shall be returned by the judges of election to the county clerk and a receipt taken therefor, and shall be preserved 2 months; the county clerk shall keep a record of the number of ballots delivered for each polling place, the name of the person to whom and the time when delivered, and he shall also enter upon such record the number and character of ballots returned, with the time when and the person by whom they are returned.
(Source: P.A. 84-861.)

10 ILCS 5/17-16.1

    (10 ILCS 5/17-16.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-16.1)
    Sec. 17-16.1. Except as otherwise provided in this Code, write-in votes shall be counted only for persons who have filed notarized declarations of intent to be write-in candidates with the proper election authority or authorities not later than 61 days prior to the election. However, whenever an objection to a candidate's nominating papers or petitions for any office is sustained under Section 10-10 after the 61st day before the election, then write-in votes shall be counted for that candidate if he or she has filed a notarized declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate for that office with the proper election authority or authorities not later than 7 days prior to the election.
    Forms for the declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate shall be supplied by the election authorities. Such declaration shall specify the office for which the person seeks election as a write-in candidate.
    The election authority or authorities shall deliver a list of all persons who have filed such declarations to the election judges in the appropriate precincts prior to the election.
    A candidate for whom a nomination paper has been filed as a partisan candidate at a primary election, and who is defeated for his or her nomination at the primary election is ineligible to file a declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate for election in that general or consolidated election.
    A candidate seeking election to an office for which candidates of political parties are nominated by caucus who is a participant in the caucus and who is defeated for his or her nomination at such caucus is ineligible to file a declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate for election in that general or consolidated election.
    A candidate seeking election to an office for which candidates are nominated at a primary election on a nonpartisan basis and who is defeated for his or her nomination at the primary election is ineligible to file a declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate for election in that general or consolidated election.
    Nothing in this Section shall be construed to apply to votes cast under the provisions of subsection (b) of Section 16-5.01.
(Source: P.A. 102-15, eff. 6-17-21.)

10 ILCS 5/17-17

    (10 ILCS 5/17-17) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-17)
    Sec. 17-17. After the opening of the polls no adjournment shall be had nor shall any recess be taken, until all the votes cast at such election have been counted and the result publicly announced, except that when necessary one judge at a time may leave the polling place for a reasonable time during the casting of ballots, and except that when a polling place is inaccessible to a voter with a disability, one team of 2 judges of opposite party affiliation may leave the polling place to deliver a ballot to such voter, as provided in Sections 7-47.1 and 17-13 of this Code. When a judge leaves and returns, such judge shall sign a time sheet indicating the length of the period such judge is absent from his duties. When absent, the judge shall authorize someone of the same political party as himself to act for him until he returns.
    Where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used, the provisions of this section may be modified as required or authorized by Article 24 or Article 24A, whichever is applicable.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-18

    (10 ILCS 5/17-18) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-18)
    Sec. 17-18. Immediately upon closing the polls the judges shall proceed to canvass the votes polled. They shall first count the whole number of ballots in the box. If 2 or more ballots are folded together so as to appear to have been cast by the same person, all of the ballots so folded together shall be marked and returned with the other ballots in the same conditions, as near as may be, in which they were found when first opened, but shall not be counted. If the remaining ballots shall be found to exceed the number of applications for ballot, the ballots shall be replaced in the box, and the box closed and well shaken and again opened and one of the judges shall publicly draw out so many ballots unopened as shall be equal to such excess; and the number of the ballots agreeing with the poll lists, or being made to agree. Such excess ballots shall be marked "Excess-Not Counted" and signed by a majority of the judges and shall be placed in the "After 6:00 p.m. Defective Ballots Envelope". The number of excess ballots shall be noted in the remarks section of the Certificate of Results. "Excess" ballots shall not be counted in the total of "defective" ballots.
    The judges shall then proceed to count and record the votes; and when the judges of election shall open and read the ballots, 3 judges, with at least one from each political party from which the precinct judges were chosen, shall carefully and correctly mark down upon the three tally sheets the vote each candidate has received, in a separate box prepared for that purpose, with the name of such candidate at the head of such box, and the office designated by the votes such candidate shall fill. Whenever a proposition is submitted to the electors at the same election, the ballots for or against such proposition shall always be canvassed, counted or tallied. The votes shall be canvassed in the room or place where the election is held, and the judges shall not allow the ballot box, or any of the ballots, or the applications for ballot, or any of the tally sheets to be removed or carried away from such room or place, until the canvass of the vote is completed, and the returns carefully enveloped and sealed up as provided by law.
    Where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used, the provisions of this section may be modified as required or authorized by Article 24 or Article 24A, whichever is applicable.
(Source: P.A. 83-333.)

10 ILCS 5/17-18.1

    (10 ILCS 5/17-18.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-18.1)
    Sec. 17-18.1. Wherever the judicial retention ballot to be used in any general election contains the names of more than 15 judges on a separate paper ballot, the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners as the case may be, shall designate special judges of election for the purpose of tallying and canvassing the votes cast for and against the propositions for the retention of judges in office in such places and at such times as the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners determine. Special judges of election shall be designated from certified lists submitted by the respective chairmen of the county central committees of the two leading political parties. In the event that the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners as the case may be, decides that the counting of the retention ballots shall be performed in the precinct where such ballots are cast, 2 special judges of election shall be designated to tally and canvass the vote of each precinct with one being named from each of the 2 leading political parties.
    In the event that the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners decides that the judicial retention ballots from several precincts shall be tallied and canvassed in a central or common location, then each major political party shall be entitled to an equal number of special election judges in each such central or common location. The County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners, as the case may be, shall inform, no later than 75 days prior to such election, the respective chairmen of the county central committees of the location or locations where the counting of retention ballots will be done, the number of names to be included on the certified lists, and the number of special election judges to be selected from those lists. If the certified list for either party is not submitted within thirty days after the chairmen have been so informed, the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners shall designate special judges of election for that party in whatever manner it determines.
    The County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners shall apply to the Circuit Court for the confirmation of the special judges of election designated under this Section. The court shall confirm or refuse to confirm such designations as the interest of the public may require. Those confirmed shall be officers of the court and subject to its disciplinary powers.
    The County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners shall, in the exercise of sound discretion, prescribe the forms, materials and supplies together with the procedures for completion and return thereof for use in such election by special judges of election. The special judges of election designated under this Section shall have full responsibility and authority for tallying and canvassing the votes pertaining to the retention of judges and the return of ballots and supplies.
    If the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners decides that the counting of the retention ballots shall be performed in the precinct where such ballots were cast, at least 2 ballot boxes shall be provided for paper retention ballots, one of which shall be used from the opening of the polls until 9:00 a.m. and from 12:00 noon until 3:00 p.m. and the second of which shall be used from 9:00 a.m. until 12:00 noon and from 3:00 p.m. until the closing of the polls; provided that if additional ballot boxes are provided, the additional boxes shall be used instead of reusing boxes used earlier. At the close of each such period of use, a ballot box used for retention ballots shall be immediately unsealed and opened and the ballots therein counted and tallied by the special judges of election. After counting and tallying the retention ballots, the special judges of election shall place the counted ballots in a container provided for that purpose by the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners and clearly marked with the appropriate printing and shall thereupon seal such container. One such container shall be provided for each of the four time periods and clearly designated as the container for the respective period. The tally shall be recorded on sheets provided by the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners and designated as tally sheets for the respective time periods. Before a ballot box may be reused, it shall in the presence of all of the judges of election be verified to be empty, whereupon it shall be resealed. After the close of the polls, and after the tally of votes cast by vote by mail voters, the special judges of election shall add together the tallies of all the ballot boxes used throughout the day, and complete the canvass of votes for retention of judges in the manner established by this Act. All of these procedures shall be carried out within the clear view of the other judges of election. The sealed containers of used retention ballots shall be returned with other voted ballots to the County Clerk or Board of Election Commissioners in the manner provided by this Act.
    The compensation of a special judge of election may not exceed $30 per judge per precinct or district canvassed.
    This Section does not affect any other office or the conduct of any other election held at the same time as the election for the retention of judges in office.
(Source: P.A. 100-1027, eff. 1-1-19.)

10 ILCS 5/17-19

    (10 ILCS 5/17-19) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-19)
    Sec. 17-19. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 77-1762. Repealed by P.A. 89-700, eff. 1-17-97.)

10 ILCS 5/17-19.2

    (10 ILCS 5/17-19.2) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-19.2)
    Sec. 17-19.2. Where a vacancy in nomination is filled pursuant to Section 7-61 or Section 10-11, the vote by mail votes cast for the original candidate on the first ballot shall not be counted. For this purpose, in those jurisdictions where electronic voting systems are used, the election authority shall determine a method by which the first ballots containing the name of the original candidate may be segregated from the revised ballots containing the name of the successor candidate and separately counted.
    Where a vacancy in nomination is not filled pursuant to Section 7-61 or Section 10-11, all votes cast for the original candidate shall be counted for such candidate.
(Source: P.A. 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-20

    (10 ILCS 5/17-20) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-20)
    Sec. 17-20. When the canvass of the ballots has been completed, the tally judges shall announce to the judges the total number of votes received by each candidate; each judge of the election shall proclaim in a loud voice the total number of votes received by each of the persons voted for and the office for which he is designated, and the number of votes for and number of votes against any proposition which has been submitted to a vote of the people; such proclamation shall be prima facie evidence of the result of such canvass of the ballots.
    Immediately after making such proclamation the judges shall designate one of their number to go to the nearest telephone and report to the office of the county clerk the results announced in such proclamation. The county clerk in such counties shall keep his office open after the close of the polls on the day of any election and thereafter until he has received from each precinct in such county the report above provided for. Immediately upon receiving such report the county clerk shall cause the same to be posted in a public place in his office for inspection by the public. Immediately after making such report such judge shall return to the polling place.
    After making such proclamation and before separating, the judges of all counties shall fold or roll all of the ballots which have been counted by them, except those ballots which have been in the ballot box but have not been counted and marked "defective" or "objected to", securely bind them, lengthwise and in width, with a soft cord having a minimum tensile strength of 60 pounds, and wrap the same with heavy wrapping paper on which the judges of election shall write their signature and seal the package with filament over the signatures and around the package lengthwise and crosswise, at least twice each way, so that the ballots cannot be removed from the package without breaking the seal and the filament tape and disturbing the signatures, and enclose the ballots so wrapped, together with the envelope containing the ballots marked "defective" or "objected to", in a secure canvass covering, which the judges of election shall sign and seal with filament tape as above specified. The precinct judges of election shall elect 2 judges (one from each of the major political parties), who shall immediately return the ballots, in such sealed canvass covering, to the election authority who shall keep their respective offices, or any receiving stations designated by them, open for at least 12 consecutive hours after the polls close, or until the ballots from all precincts within the jurisdiction of any such election authority are returned to the office of such election authority, signed and sealed as above specified. Ballots returned to the office of an election authority which are not signed and sealed as above specified shall not be accepted until the judges returning the same sign and properly seal the same. Upon acceptance of the returned ballots by the election authority, the judges returning the same shall take a receipt signed by the election authority and stamped with the time and date of such return. The election judges whose duty it is to return any ballots as above provided shall, in the event such ballots cannot be found when needed, on proper request, produce the receipt which they are to take as above provided. Upon receiving the ballots so returned, the election authority shall carefully preserve the ballots for 2 months, subject to their examination in a discovery recount proceeding in accordance with law. However, where electronic voting systems are used, the apparatus or frame in which the ballot booklet is contained shall not be subject to the 2 month preservation requirement. At the expiration of that time such election authority shall remove the same from original package and shall destroy the same, together with all unused ballots returned from the polling places. If any contest of election is pending at such time in which such ballots may be required as evidence, and such election authority has notice thereof the same shall not be destroyed until after such contest is finally determined.
    Where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used, the provisions of this section may be modified as required or authorized by Article 24 or Article 24A, whichever is applicable.
(Source: P.A. 83-1362.)

10 ILCS 5/17-21

    (10 ILCS 5/17-21) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-21)
    Sec. 17-21. When the votes shall have been examined and counted, the judges shall set down on a sheet or return form to be supplied to them, the name of every person voted for, written or printed at full length, the office for which such person received such votes, and the number he did receive and such additional information as is necessary to complete, as nearly as circumstances will admit, the following form, to-wit:
TALLY SHEET AND CERTIFICATE OF
RESULTS
    We do hereby certify that at the .... election held in the precinct hereinafter (general or special) specified on (insert date), a total of .... voters requested and received ballots and we do further certify:
    Number of blank ballots delivered to us ....
    Number of vote by mail ballots delivered to us ....
    Total number of ballots delivered to us ....
    Number of blank and spoiled ballots returned.
    (1) Total number of ballots cast (in box)....
    .... Defective and Objected To ballots sealed in envelope
    (2) .... Total number of ballots cast (in box)
Line (2) equals line (1)
    We further certify that each of the candidates for representative in the General Assembly received the number of votes ascribed to him on the separate tally sheet.
    We further certify that each candidate received the number of votes set forth opposite his name or in the box containing his name on the tally sheet contained in the page or pages immediately following our signatures.
    The undersigned actually served as judges and counted the ballots at the election on the .... day of .... in the .... precinct of the (1) *township of ...., or (2) *City of ...., or (3) *.... ward in the city of .... and the polls were opened at 6:00 A.M. and closed at 7:00 P.M. Certified by us.
*Fill in either (1), (2) or (3)
        A B, ....(Address)
        C D, ....(Address)
        E F, ....(Address)
        G H, ....(Address)
        I J, ....(Address)
 
    Each tally sheet shall be in substantially one of the following forms:
--------------------------------------------------------------

Candidate's
Name ofCandidatesTotal
officeNamesVote5101520
--
UnitedJohn Smith7711
States
Senator
--
--

Names of candidates
Name ofand total vote
officefor each5101520
--
For UnitedJohn Smith
States
Senator
Total Vote..................
--
(Source: P.A. 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15.)

10 ILCS 5/17-22

    (10 ILCS 5/17-22) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-22)
    Sec. 17-22. The judges of election shall make the tally sheet and certificate of results in triplicate. If, however, the number of established political parties, as defined in Section 10-2, exceeds 2, one additional copy shall be made for each established political party in excess of 2. One list of voters, or other proper return with such certificate written thereon, and accompanying tally sheet footed up so as to show the correct number of votes cast for each person voted for, shall be carefully enveloped and sealed up by the judges of election, 2 of whom (one from each of the 2 major political parties) shall immediately deliver same to the county clerk, or his deputy, at the office of the county clerk, or to an officially designated receiving station established by the county clerk where a duly authorized representative of the county clerk shall receive said envelopes for immediate transmission to the office of county clerk, who shall safely keep them. The other certificates of results and accompanying tally sheet shall be carefully enveloped and sealed up and duly directed, respectively, to the chair of the county central committee of each then existing established political party, and by another of the judges of election deposited immediately in the nearest United States letter deposit. However, if any county chair notifies the county clerk not later than 10 days before the election of his desire to receive the envelope addressed to him at the point and at the time same are delivered to the county clerk, his deputy or receiving station designee the envelopes shall be delivered to such county chair or his designee immediately upon receipt thereof by the county clerk, his deputy or his receiving station designee. The person or persons so designated by a county chair shall sign an official receipt acknowledging receipt of said envelopes. The poll book and tally list filed with the county clerk shall be kept one year, and certified copies thereof shall be evidence in all courts, proceedings and election contests. Before the returns are sealed up, as aforesaid, the judges shall compare the tally papers, footings and certificates and see that they are correct and duplicates of each other, and certify to the correctness of the same.
    At the consolidated election, the judges of election shall make a tally sheet and certificate of results for each political subdivision for which candidates or public questions are on the ballot at such election, and shall sign, seal in a marked envelope and deliver them to the county clerk with the other certificates of results herein required. Such tally sheets and certificates of results may be duplicates of the tally sheet and certificate of results otherwise required by this Section, showing all votes for all candidates and public questions voted for or upon in the precinct, or may be on separate forms prepared by the election authority and showing only those votes cast for candidates and public questions of each such political subdivision.
    Within 2 days of delivery of complete returns of the consolidated election, the county clerk shall transmit an original, sealed tally sheet and certificate of results from each precinct in his jurisdiction in which candidates or public questions of a political subdivision were on the ballot to the local election official of such political subdivision. Each local election official, within 24 hours of receipt of all of the tally sheets and certificates of results for all precincts in which candidates or public questions of his political subdivision were on the ballot, shall transmit such sealed tally sheets and certificates of results to the canvassing board for that political subdivision.
    In the case of referenda for the formation of a political subdivision, the tally sheets and certificates of results shall be transmitted by the county clerk to the circuit court that ordered the proposition submitted or to the officials designated by the court to conduct the canvass of votes. In the case of school referenda for which a regional superintendent of schools is responsible for the canvass of votes, the county clerk shall transmit the tally sheets and certificates of results to the regional superintendent of schools.
    Where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used, the provisions of this section may be modified as required or authorized by Article 24 or Article 24A, whichever is applicable.
    Only judges appointed under the provisions of subsection (a) of Section 13-4 or subsection (b) of Section 14-1 may make any delivery required by this Section from judges of election to a county clerk, or his or her deputy, at the office of the county clerk or to a county clerk's duly authorized representative at the county clerk's officially designated receiving station.
(Source: P.A. 100-1027, eff. 1-1-19; 101-81, eff. 7-12-19.)

10 ILCS 5/17-22.1

    (10 ILCS 5/17-22.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 17-22.1)
    Sec. 17-22.1. Whenever a substitute judge is designated pursuant to Section 13-7 or Section 14-6 of this Act, the remaining judges shall sign a certificate setting forth the pertinent facts and shall transmit such certificate to the county clerk or board of election commissioners with the tally sheets.
(Source: Laws 1959, p. 1083.)