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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

GENERAL PROVISIONS
(5 ILCS 312/) Illinois Notary Public Act.

5 ILCS 312/Art. VII

 
    (5 ILCS 312/Art. VII heading)
ARTICLE VII
LIABILITY AND REVOCATION

5 ILCS 312/7-101

    (5 ILCS 312/7-101) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-101)
    Sec. 7-101. Liability of notary and surety. A notary public and the surety on the notary's bond are liable to the persons involved for all damages caused by the notary's official misconduct. Upon the filing of any claim against a notary public, the entity that has issued the bond for the notary shall notify the Secretary of State of whether payment was made and the circumstances which led to the claim.
(Source: P.A. 100-809, eff. 1-1-19.)

5 ILCS 312/7-102

    (5 ILCS 312/7-102) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-102)
    Sec. 7-102. Liability of Employer of Notary. The employer of a notary public is also liable to the persons involved for all damages caused by the notary's official misconduct, if:
        (a) the notary public was acting within the scope of
    
the notary's employment at the time the notary engaged in the official misconduct; and
        (b) the employer consented to the notary public's
    
official misconduct.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)

5 ILCS 312/7-103

    (5 ILCS 312/7-103) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-103)
    Sec. 7-103. Cause of Damages. It is not essential to a recovery of damages that a notary's official misconduct be the only cause of the damages.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)

5 ILCS 312/7-104

    (5 ILCS 312/7-104) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-104)
    Sec. 7-104. Official Misconduct Defined. The term "official misconduct" generally means the wrongful exercise of a power or the wrongful performance of a duty and is fully defined in Section 33-3 of the Criminal Code of 2012. The term "wrongful" as used in the definition of official misconduct means unauthorized, unlawful, abusive, negligent, reckless, or injurious.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

5 ILCS 312/7-105

    (5 ILCS 312/7-105) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-105)
    Sec. 7-105. Official Misconduct.
    (a) A notary public who knowingly and willfully commits any official misconduct is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (b) A notary public who recklessly or negligently commits any official misconduct is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)

5 ILCS 312/7-106

    (5 ILCS 312/7-106) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-106)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-106. Willful impersonation. Any person who acts as, or otherwise willfully impersonates, a notary public while not lawfully appointed and commissioned to perform notarial acts is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-106. Willful impersonation.
    (a) Any person who acts as, or otherwise willfully impersonates, a notary public while not lawfully appointed and commissioned to perform notarial acts is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (b) Any notary public or other person who is not an electronic notary public that impersonates an electronic notary public to perform electronic notarial acts is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 102-160 (See Section 99 of P.A. 102-160 for effective date of P.A. 102-160).)

5 ILCS 312/7-107

    (5 ILCS 312/7-107) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-107)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-107. Wrongful possession. Any person who unlawfully possesses a notary's official seal is guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-107. Wrongful possession.
    (a) No person may unlawfully possess, obtain, conceal, damage, or destroy a notary's official seal.
    (b) No person may unlawfully possess, conceal, damage, or destroy the certificate, disk, coding, card, program, software, or hardware enabling an electronic notary public to affix an official electronic signature or seal.
    (c) Any person who violates this Section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 102-160 (See Section 99 of P.A. 102-160 for effective date of P.A. 102-160).)

5 ILCS 312/7-108

    (5 ILCS 312/7-108) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-108)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-108. Reprimand, suspension, and revocation of commission.
    (a) The Secretary of State may revoke the commission of any notary public who, during the current term of appointment:
        (1) submits an application for commission and
    
appointment as a notary public which contains substantial and material misstatement or omission of fact; or
        (2) is convicted of any felony, misdemeanors,
    
including those defined in Part C, Articles 16, 17, 18, 19, and 21, and Part E, Articles 31, 32, and 33 of the Criminal Code of 2012, or official misconduct under this Act.
    (b) Whenever the Secretary of State believes that a violation of this Article has occurred, he or she may investigate any such violation. The Secretary may also investigate possible violations of this Article upon a signed written complaint on a form designated by the Secretary.
    (c) A notary's failure to cooperate or respond to an investigation by the Secretary of State is a failure by the notary to fully and faithfully discharge the responsibilities and duties of a notary and shall result in suspension or revocation of the notary's commission.
    (d) All written complaints which on their face appear to establish facts which, if proven true, would constitute an act of misrepresentation or fraud in notarization or on the part of the notary shall be investigated by the Secretary of State to determine whether cause exists to reprimand, suspend, or revoke the commission of the notary.
    (e) The Secretary of State may deliver a written official warning and reprimand to a notary, or may revoke or suspend a notary's commission, for any of the following:
        (1) a notary's official misconduct, as defined
    
under Section 7-104;
        (2) any ground for which an application for
    
appointment as a notary may be denied for failure to complete application requirements as provided under Section 2-102;
        (3) any prohibited act provided under Section
    
6-104; or
        (4) a violation of any provision of the general
    
statutes.
    (f) After investigation and upon a determination by the Secretary of State that one or more prohibited acts have been performed in the notarization of a document, the Secretary shall, after considering the extent of the prohibited act and the degree of culpability of the notary, order one or more of the following courses of action:
        (1) issue a letter of warning to the notary,
    
including the Secretary's findings;
        (2) order suspension of the commission of the
    
notary for a period of time designated by the Secretary;
        (3) order revocation of the commission of the
    
notary;
        (4) refer the allegations to the appropriate
    
State's Attorney's Office or the Attorney General for criminal investigation; or
        (5) refer the allegations to the Illinois Attorney
    
Registration and Disciplinary Commission for disciplinary proceedings.
    (g) After a notary receives notice from the Secretary of State that his or her commission has been revoked, that notary shall immediately deliver his or her official seal to the Secretary.
    (h) A notary whose appointment has been revoked due to a violation of this Act shall not be eligible for a new commission as a notary public in this State for a period of at least 5 years from the date of the final revocation.
    (i) A notary may voluntarily resign from appointment by notifying the Secretary of State in writing of his or her intention to do so, and by physically returning his or her stamp to the Secretary. A voluntary resignation shall not stop or preclude any investigation into a notary's conduct, or prevent further suspension or revocation by the Secretary, who may pursue any such investigation to a conclusion and issue any finding.
    (j) Upon a determination by a sworn law enforcement officer that the allegations raised by the complaint are founded, and the notary has received notice of suspension or revocation from the Secretary of State, the notary is entitled to an administrative hearing.
    (k) The Secretary of State shall adopt administrative hearing rules applicable to this Section that are consistent with the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-809, eff. 1-1-19; 101-81, eff. 7-12-19.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-160)
    Sec. 7-108. Reprimand, suspension, and revocation of commission.
    (a) The Secretary of State may revoke the commission of any notary public who, during the current term of appointment:
        (1) submits an application for commission and
    
appointment as a notary public which contains substantial and material misstatement or omission of fact;
        (2) is convicted of any felony, misdemeanors,
    
including those defined in Part C, Articles 16, 17, 18, 19, and 21, and Part E, Articles 31, 32, and 33 of the Criminal Code of 2012, or official misconduct under this Act; or
        (3) is a licensed attorney and has been sanctioned,
    
suspended, or disbarred by the Illinois Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Commission or the Illinois Supreme Court.
    (b) Whenever the Secretary of State believes that a violation of this Article has occurred, he or she may investigate any such violation. The Secretary may also investigate possible violations of this Article upon a signed written complaint on a form designated by the Secretary.
    (c) A notary's failure to cooperate or respond to an investigation by the Secretary of State is a failure by the notary to fully and faithfully discharge the responsibilities and duties of a notary and shall result in suspension or revocation of the notary's commission or the electronic notary's commission.
    (d) All written complaints which on their face appear to establish facts which, if proven true, would constitute an act of misrepresentation or fraud in notarization or electronic notarization, or misrepresentation or fraud on the part of the notary, may be investigated by the Secretary of State to determine whether cause exists to reprimand, suspend, or revoke the commission of the notary.
    (e) The Secretary of State may deliver a written official warning and reprimand to a notary, or may revoke or suspend a notary's commission or an electronic notary's commission, for any of the following:
        (1) a notary's official misconduct, as defined
    
under Section 7-104;
        (2) any ground for which an application for
    
appointment as a notary may be denied for failure to complete application requirements as provided under Section 2-102;
        (3) any prohibited act provided under Section
    
6-104; or
        (4) a violation of any provision of the general
    
statutes.
    (f) After investigation and upon a determination by the Secretary of State that one or more prohibited acts have been performed in the notarization or electronic notarization of a document, the Secretary shall, after considering the extent of the prohibited act and the degree of culpability of the notary, order one or more of the following courses of action:
        (1) issue a letter of warning to the notary,
    
including the Secretary's findings;
        (2) order suspension of the commission of the
    
notary or electronic commission of the notary for a period of time designated by the Secretary;
        (3) order revocation of the commission of the
    
notary or electronic commission of the notary;
        (4) refer the allegations to the appropriate
    
State's Attorney's Office or the Attorney General for criminal investigation; or
        (5) refer the allegations to the Illinois Attorney
    
Registration and Disciplinary Commission for disciplinary proceedings.
    (g) After a notary receives notice from the Secretary of State that his or her commission has been revoked, that notary shall immediately deliver his or her official seal to the Secretary. After an electronic notary public receives notice from the Secretary of State that his or her electronic commission has been revoked, the electronic notary public shall immediately notify the electronic notary's chosen technology provider, and to the extent possible, destroy or remove the software used for electronic notarizations.
    (h) A notary whose appointment has been revoked due to a violation of this Act shall not be eligible for a new commission as a notary public in this State for a period of at least 5 years from the date of the final revocation.
    (i) A notary may voluntarily resign from appointment by notifying the Secretary of State in writing of his or her intention to do so, and by physically returning his or her stamp to the Secretary. An electronic notary public may voluntarily resign from appointment by notifying the Secretary of State in writing of his or her intention to do so, and by notifying the electronic notary's chosen technology provider, and to the extent possible, destroy or remove the software used for electronic notarizations. A voluntary resignation shall not stop or preclude any investigation into a notary's conduct, or prevent further suspension or revocation by the Secretary, who may pursue any such investigation to a conclusion and issue any finding.
    (j) Upon a determination by a sworn law enforcement officer that the allegations raised by the complaint are founded, and the notary has received notice of suspension or revocation from the Secretary of State, the notary is entitled to an administrative hearing.
    (k) The Secretary of State shall adopt administrative hearing rules applicable to this Section that are consistent with the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
    (l) Any revocation, resignation, expiration, or suspension of the commission of a notary public terminates or suspends any commission to notarize electronically.
    (m) A notary public may terminate registration to notarize electronically and maintain his or her underlying notary public commission upon directing a written notification of the change to the Secretary of State within 30 days.
(Source: P.A. 102-160 (See Section 99 of P.A. 102-160 for effective date of P.A. 102-160).)

5 ILCS 312/7-109

    (5 ILCS 312/7-109) (from Ch. 102, par. 207-109)
    Sec. 7-109. Action for Injunction, Unauthorized Practice of Law. Upon his own information or upon complaint of any person, the Attorney General or any State's Attorney, or their designee, may maintain an action for injunctive relief in the circuit court against any notary public who renders, offers to render, or holds himself or herself out as rendering any service constituting the unauthorized practice of the law. Any organized bar association in this State may intervene in the action, at any stage of the proceeding, for good cause shown. The action may also be maintained by an organized bar association in this State. These remedies are in addition to, and not in substitution for, other available remedies.
(Source: P.A. 84-322.)

5 ILCS 312/7-110

    (5 ILCS 312/7-110)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 7-110. Applicable law; conflict of law.
    (a) The validity of any notarization, including an electronic notarization, shall be determined by applying the laws of this State, regardless of the physical location of the principal at the time of a remote notarization.
    (b) An electronic notary public authorized to perform electronic notarizations is subject to and must comply with this Act.
    (c) If a conflict between a provision of this Section and another law of this State, this Section controls.
(Source: P.A. 102-160 (See Section 99 of P.A. 102-160 for effective date of P.A. 102-160).)