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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

PROFESSIONS, OCCUPATIONS, AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS
(225 ILCS 150/) Telehealth Act.

225 ILCS 150/1

    (225 ILCS 150/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Telehealth Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-317, eff. 1-1-18.)

225 ILCS 150/5

    (225 ILCS 150/5)
    Sec. 5. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Asynchronous store and forward system" means the transmission of a patient's medical information through an electronic communications system at an originating site to a health care professional or facility at a distant site that does not require real-time or synchronous interaction between the health care professional and the patient.
    "Distant site" means the location at which the health care professional rendering the telehealth service is located.
    "Established patient" means a patient with a relationship with a health care professional in which there has been an exchange of an individual's protected health information for the purpose of providing patient care, treatment, or services.
    "E-visit" means a patient-initiated non-face-to-face communication through an online patient portal between an established patient and a health care professional.
    "Facility" includes a facility that is owned or operated by a hospital under the Hospital Licensing Act or University of Illinois Hospital Act, a facility under the Nursing Home Care Act, a rural health clinic, a federally qualified health center, a local health department, a community mental health center, a behavioral health clinic as defined in 89 Ill. Adm. Code 140.453, an encounter rate clinic, a skilled nursing facility, a substance use treatment program licensed by the Division of Substance Use Prevention and Recovery of the Department of Human Services, a school-based health center as defined in 77 Ill. Adm. Code 641.10, a physician's office, a podiatrist's office, a supportive living program provider, a hospice provider, home health agency, or home nursing agency under the Home Health, Home Services, and Home Nursing Agency Licensing Act, a facility under the ID/DD Community Care Act, community-integrated living arrangements as defined in the Community-Integrated Living Arrangements Licensure and Certification Act, and a provider who receives reimbursement for a patient's room and board.
    "Health care professional" includes, but is not limited to, physicians, physician assistants, optometrists, advanced practice registered nurses, clinical psychologists licensed in Illinois, prescribing psychologists licensed in Illinois, dentists, occupational therapists, pharmacists, physical therapists, clinical social workers, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, hearing instrument dispensers, licensed certified substance use disorder treatment providers and clinicians, and mental health professionals and clinicians authorized by Illinois law to provide mental health services, and qualified providers listed under paragraph (8) of subsection (e) of Section 3 of the Early Intervention Services System Act, dietitian nutritionists licensed in Illinois, and health care professionals associated with a facility.
    "Interactive telecommunications system" means an audio and video system, an audio-only telephone system (landline or cellular), or any other telecommunications system permitting 2-way, synchronous interactive communication between a patient at an originating site and a health care professional or facility at a distant site. "Interactive telecommunications system" does not include a facsimile machine, electronic mail messaging, or text messaging.
    "Originating site" means the location at which the patient is located at the time telehealth services are provided to the patient via telehealth.
    "Remote patient monitoring" means the use of connected digital technologies or mobile medical devices to collect medical and other health data from a patient at one location and electronically transmit that data to a health care professional or facility at a different location for collection and interpretation.
    "Telehealth services" means the evaluation, diagnosis, or interpretation of electronically transmitted patient-specific data between a remote location and a licensed health care professional that generates interaction or treatment recommendations. "Telehealth services" includes telemedicine and the delivery of health care services, including mental health treatment and substance use disorder treatment and services to a patient, regardless of patient location, provided by way of an interactive telecommunications system, asynchronous store and forward system, remote patient monitoring technologies, e-visits, or virtual check-ins.
    "Virtual check-in" means a brief patient-initiated communication using a technology-based service, excluding facsimile, between an established patient and a health care professional. "Virtual check-in" does not include communications from a related office visit provided within the previous 7 days, nor communications that lead to an office visit or procedure within the next 24 hours or soonest available appointment.
(Source: P.A. 101-81, eff. 7-12-19; 101-84, eff. 7-19-19; 102-104, eff. 7-22-21.)

225 ILCS 150/10

    (225 ILCS 150/10)
    Sec. 10. Practice authority. A health care professional treating a patient located in this State through telehealth services must be licensed or authorized to practice in Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 102-104, eff. 7-22-21.)

225 ILCS 150/15

    (225 ILCS 150/15)
    Sec. 15. Use of telehealth services.
    (a) A health care professional may engage in the practice of telehealth services in Illinois to the extent of his or her scope of practice as established in his or her respective licensing Act consistent with the standards of care for in-person services. This Act shall not be construed to alter the scope of practice of any health care professional or authorize the delivery of health care services in a setting or in a manner not otherwise authorized by the laws of this State.
    (b) Telehealth services provided pursuant to this Section shall be consistent with all federal and State privacy, security, and confidentiality laws, rules, or regulations.
(Source: P.A. 102-104, eff. 7-22-21.)

225 ILCS 150/90

    (225 ILCS 150/90)
    Sec. 90. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 100-317, eff. 1-1-18; text omitted.)