Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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(765 ILCS 505/) Mining Act of 1874.

765 ILCS 505/0.01

    (765 ILCS 505/0.01) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 150)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Mining Act of 1874.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

765 ILCS 505/1

    (765 ILCS 505/1) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 151)
    Sec. 1. Making drains, roads or railroads - Eminent domain. Whenever any mine or mining place shall be so situated that it cannot be conveniently worked without a road or railroad thereto, or ditch to drain the same or to convey water thereto, and such road, railroad or ditch shall necessarily pass over, through or under other land owned or occupied by others, the owner or operator of any such mine or mining place may enter upon such lands, and construct such road, railroad or ditch, upon complying with the law in relation to the exercise of the right of eminent domain.
    Public and private ways -- Horse and dummy railroad. And the commissioners of highways of any county under township organization, and the county board in counties not under township organization, may, when the public good requires, cause to be laid out and opened public highways, or private roads or cartways, from any coal mine to a public highway or to a railway, as the public good may require, in the same way as now is or may hereafter be provided by law for the laying out and opening of public highways or private roads or cartways, and may permit the owner, lessee or operator of any coal mine to lay down and operate a horse or dummy railway thereon, or upon any highway or private road or cartway now or hereafter laid out and opened for public or public and private use, but always in such a manner and way, and upon such place thereon, as to not unnecessarily interfere with ordinary public travel.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/1.5

    (765 ILCS 505/1.5)
    Sec. 1.5. Eminent domain. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any power granted under this Act to acquire property by condemnation or eminent domain is subject to, and shall be exercised in accordance with, the Eminent Domain Act.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)

765 ILCS 505/2

    (765 ILCS 505/2) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 152)
    Sec. 2. If the owner of any land adjacent to any lands worked as lead, coal, iron or other mine, shall file a complaint, verified by affidavit, in the circuit court in the county where the land is situated, that he or she has reasonable grounds to believe, and does believe, that the owner or operator of such mine is trespassing upon his or her lands by mining thereon, it shall be the duty of the court to appoint a surveyor licensed under the provisions of the Illinois Professional Land Surveyor Act of 1989, as amended or other competent and suitable person to descend into such mine, and make such examinations and surveys as may be necessary to ascertain whether the same is being worked upon the land of the person filing the complaint.
(Source: P.A. 86-987.)

765 ILCS 505/3

    (765 ILCS 505/3) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 153)
    Sec. 3. The person so appointed shall have the right, at all reasonable times, to descend into such mine and make such examinations and surveys; and whoever shall willfully obstruct or hinder such person from entering into any such mine, or any gallery or place therein, or from making any such examination or survey, shall be guilty of a petty offense. Any person accepting any such appointment, and failing or refusing to make such survey upon the request of the plaintiff, may be proceeded against as for a contempt of court, or he may be fined not exceeding $500.
(Source: P.A. 83-345.)

765 ILCS 505/4

    (765 ILCS 505/4) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 154)
    Sec. 4. The expense of such examination and survey shall be paid by the plaintiff, but if the plaintiff recovers damages against the owner or operator of such mine for working the same upon the plaintiff's land, the plaintiff shall have the right to have such expenses added to the damages; provided, however, that in no event shall the cost of such examination and survey be taxed as costs if the owner of the mine or the lessee of the mine shall tender to the plaintiff before the survey is commenced, a sum of money which is equivalent to or greater than the amount of damages recovered by the plaintiff in such proceeding, and in no event shall the plaintiff be allowed as costs any amount of such examination and survey which is greater than the amount of actual damages allowed to the plaintiff in such proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 83-345.)

765 ILCS 505/5

    (765 ILCS 505/5) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 155)
    Sec. 5. Whoever shall willfully trespass upon the land of another by mining thereon, shall, in addition to the damages now authorized by law, be liable to a penalty not to exceed $500, which may be recovered by the owner thereof, in the circuit court of the county where the land is situated.
(Source: P.A. 83-345.)

765 ILCS 505/6

    (765 ILCS 505/6) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 156)
    Sec. 6. Any mining right, or the right to dig for or obtain iron, lead, copper, coal, or other mineral from land, may be conveyed by deed or lease, which may be acknowledged and recorded in the same manner and with like effect as deeds and leases of real estate.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/7

    (765 ILCS 505/7) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 157)
    Sec. 7. When the owner of any land shall convey, by deed or lease, any gas, oil, coal or other minerals therein, such conveyance shall be considered as so separating such gas, oil, coal or other minerals from the land that the same shall be taxable separately, and any sale of the land for any tax or assessment shall not include or affect such conveyance of the gas, oil, coal or other minerals.
(Source: P.A. 84-1343.)

765 ILCS 505/8

    (765 ILCS 505/8) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 158)
    Sec. 8. Every person purchasing lead mineral shall keep a book, in which he shall keep an account of all lead mineral purchased by him, stating clearly the amount, from whom and time when purchased, and the place where it was dug; and for the purpose of ascertaining such facts, he shall make diligent inquiry of the person offering such mineral for sale, and if satisfactory answers are not given, it shall not be lawful for him to buy the same.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/9

    (765 ILCS 505/9) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 159)
    Sec. 9. Such purchaser shall keep such book at his usual place of business, open at all reasonable times for the inspection of miners, owners of mineral lands, and smelters of lead ore.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/10

    (765 ILCS 505/10) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 160)
    Sec. 10. When any such purchaser has not a usual place of business, he shall, within twenty-four hours from the time of making any such purchase, make return to the nearest smelter of lead ore to the place of procuring the same, stating the amount thereof, when, of whom and where purchased, and from what place the same was dug or taken; and such smelter shall minute the same in his book, to be kept pursuant to this act.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/11

    (765 ILCS 505/11) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 161)
    Sec. 11. No person shall be allowed to purchase lead mineral from any child under twelve years of age.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 709.)

765 ILCS 505/12

    (765 ILCS 505/12) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 162)
    Sec. 12. Any person who purchases any lead mineral without keeping the book or making the entries or returns as herein provided, or refuses to allow their inspection as herein provided, shall be fined for each offense the sum of $25; and whoever violates any of the other provisions of Section 8, 9, 10, or 11 shall be fined for the first offense the sum of $5 and costs, and for every subsequent offense $10 and costs. Of the fines collected under this Section, one-half shall go to the informer, and the other half to the school fund of the school district where the action is brought. The penalties shall be recoverable by a civil action in the circuit court of the county where the offense is committed.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)