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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.


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410 ILCS 625/0.01

    (410 ILCS 625/0.01) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 330)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Food Handling Regulation Enforcement Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

410 ILCS 625/1

    (410 ILCS 625/1) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 331)
    Sec. 1. Any business establishment dealing in the sale of food items which does not comply with existing state laws relating to food handling or does not comply with the health and food handling regulations of any local governmental unit having jurisdiction of such establishment may be enjoined from doing business in the following manner: the Department of Public Health of the State of Illinois or local departments of health may seek an injunction in the circuit court for the county in which such establishment is located. Such injunction, if granted, shall prohibit such business establishment from selling food items until it complies with any applicable state laws or regulations of a local governmental agency. However, no injunction may be sought or granted before July 1, 1980, to enforce any rule or regulation requiring a food service establishment to have one or more persons who are certified in food service sanitation.
    The local department of health shall file a written report with the Illinois Department of Public Health within 10 days after seeking an injunction against a business establishment dealing in the sale of food items.
(Source: P.A. 80-1295.)

410 ILCS 625/2

    (410 ILCS 625/2) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 332)
    Sec. 2. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as limiting or changing any other penalties which any such business establishment may incur under any other law or local ordinance or resolution.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 3471.)

410 ILCS 625/3

    (410 ILCS 625/3) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 333)
    Sec. 3. Each food service establishment shall be under the operational supervision of a certified food service sanitation manager in accordance with rules promulgated under this Act.
    By July 1, 1990, the Director of the Department of Public Health in accordance with this Act, shall promulgate rules for the education, examination, and certification of food service establishment managers and instructors of the food service sanitation manager certification education programs. Beginning January 1, 2018, any individual who has completed a minimum of 8 hours of Department-approved training for food service sanitation manager certification, inclusive of the examination, and received a passing score on the examination set by the certification exam provider accredited under standards developed and adopted by the Conference for Food Protection or its successor organization, shall be considered to be a certified food service sanitation manager. Beginning January 1, 2018, any individual who has completed a minimum of 8 hours of Department-approved training for food service sanitation manager instructor certification, inclusive of the examination, and received a passing score on the examination set by the certification exam provider accredited under standards developed and adopted by the Conference for Food Protection or its successor organization, shall be considered to be a certified food service sanitation manager instructor. A food service sanitation manager certificate and a food service sanitation manager instructor certificate issued by the exam provider shall be valid for 5 years and shall not be transferable from the individual to whom it was issued. A food service sanitation manager certificate issued by the Department under this Section before January 1, 2018 is valid until the expiration date stated on the certificate.
    For purposes of food service sanitation manager certification, the Department shall accept only training approved by the Department and certification exams accredited under standards developed and adopted by the Conference for Food Protection or its successor.
(Source: P.A. 99-62, eff. 7-16-15; 100-194, eff. 1-1-18; 100-954, eff. 8-19-18.)

410 ILCS 625/3.05

    (410 ILCS 625/3.05)
    Sec. 3.05. Non-restaurant food handler training.
    (a) All food handlers not employed by a restaurant as defined in Section 3.06 of this Act, other than someone holding a food service sanitation manager certificate, must receive or obtain training in basic safe food handling principles as outlined in subsection (b) of this Section within 30 days after employment. There is no limit to how many times an employee may take the training. Training is not transferable between individuals or employers. Proof that a food handler has been trained must be available upon reasonable request by a State or local health department inspector and may be in an electronic format.
    (b) Food handler training must cover and assess knowledge of the following topics:
        (1) The relationship between time and temperature
    
with respect to foodborne illness, including the relationship between time and temperature and micro-organisms during the various food handling preparation and serving states, and the type, calibration, and use of thermometers in monitoring food temperatures.
        (2) The relationship between personal hygiene and
    
food safety, including the association of hand contact, personal habits and behaviors, and the food handler's health to foodborne illness, and the recognition of how policies, procedures, and management contribute to improved food safety practices.
        (3) Methods of preventing food contamination in all
    
stages of food handling, including terms associated with contamination and potential hazards prior to, during, and after delivery.
        (4) Procedures for cleaning and sanitizing equipment
    
and utensils.
        (5) Problems and potential solutions associated with
    
temperature control, preventing cross-contamination, housekeeping, and maintenance.
    (c) Training modules must be approved by the Department. Any and all documents, materials, or information related to a restaurant or business food handler training module submitted to the Department is confidential and shall not be open to public inspection or dissemination and is exempt from disclosure under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act. Any modules complying with subsection (b) of this Section and not approved within 180 days after the Department's receipt of the business application shall automatically be considered approved. If a training module has been approved in another state, then it shall automatically be considered approved in Illinois so long as the business provides proof that the training has been approved in another state. Training may be conducted by any means available, including, but not limited to, on-line, computer, classroom, live trainers, remote trainers, and certified food service sanitation managers. Nothing in this subsection (c) shall be construed to require a proctor. There must be at least one commercially available, approved food handler training module at a cost of no more than $15 per employee; if an approved food handler training module is not available at that cost, then the provisions of this Section 3.05 shall not apply.
    (d) The regulation of food handler training is considered to be an exclusive function of the State, and local regulation is prohibited. This subsection (d) is a denial and limitation of home rule powers and functions under subsection (h) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution.
    (e) The provisions of this Section apply beginning July 1, 2016. From July 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, enforcement of the provisions of this Section shall be limited to education and notification of requirements to encourage compliance.
(Source: P.A. 98-566, eff. 8-27-13.)

410 ILCS 625/3.06

    (410 ILCS 625/3.06)
    Sec. 3.06. Food handler training; restaurants.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section, "restaurant" means any business that is primarily engaged in the sale of ready-to-eat food for immediate consumption. "Primarily engaged" means having sales of ready-to-eat food for immediate consumption comprising at least 51% of the total sales, excluding the sale of liquor.
    (b) Unless otherwise provided, all food handlers employed by a restaurant, other than someone holding a food service sanitation manager certificate, must receive or obtain American National Standards Institute-accredited training in basic safe food handling principles within 30 days after employment and every 3 years thereafter. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 3.05 of this Act, food handlers employed in nursing homes, licensed day care homes and facilities, hospitals, schools, and long-term care facilities must renew their training every 3 years. There is no limit to how many times an employee may take the training. The training indicated in subsections (e) and (f) of this Section is transferable between employers, but not individuals. The training indicated in subsections (c) and (d) of this Section is not transferable between individuals or employers. Proof that a food handler has been trained must be available upon reasonable request by a State or local health department inspector and may be provided electronically.
    (c) If a business with an internal training program is approved in another state prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, then the business's training program and assessment shall be automatically approved by the Department upon the business providing proof that the program is approved in said state.
    (d) The Department shall approve the training program of any multi-state business or a franchisee, as defined in the Franchise Disclosure Act of 1987, of any multi-state business with a plan that follows the guidelines in subsection (b) of Section 3.05 of this Act and is on file with the Department by August 1, 2017.
    (e) If an entity uses an American National Standards Institute food handler training accredited program, that training program shall be automatically approved by the Department.
    (f) Certified local health departments in counties serving jurisdictions with a population of 100,000 or less, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population, may have a training program. The training program must meet the requirements of Section 3.05(b) and be approved by the Department. This Section notwithstanding, certified local health departments in the following counties may have a training program:
        (1) a county with a population of 677,560 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population;
        (2) a county with a population of 308,760 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population;
        (3) a county with a population of 515,269 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population;
        (4) a county with a population of 114,736 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population;
        (5) a county with a population of 110,768 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population;
        (6) a county with a population of 135,394 as reported
    
by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2010 Census of Population.
    The certified local health departments in paragraphs (1) through (6) of this subsection (f) must have their training programs on file with the Department no later than 90 days after the effective date of this Act. Any modules that meet the requirements of subsection (b) of Section 3.05 of this Act and are not approved within 180 days after the Department's receipt of the application of the entity seeking to conduct the training shall automatically be considered approved by the Department.
    (g) Any and all documents, materials, or information related to a restaurant or business food handler training module submitted to the Department is confidential and shall not be open to public inspection or dissemination and is exempt from disclosure under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act. Training may be conducted by any means available, including, but not limited to, on-line, computer, classroom, live trainers, remote trainers, and certified food service sanitation managers. There must be at least one commercially available, approved food handler training module at a cost of no more than $15 per employee; if an approved food handler training module is not available at that cost, then the provisions of this Section 3.06 shall not apply.
    (h) The regulation of food handler training is considered to be an exclusive function of the State, and local regulation is prohibited. This subsection (h) is a denial and limitation of home rule powers and functions under subsection (h) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution.
    (i) The provisions of this Section apply beginning July 1, 2014. From July 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, enforcement of the provisions of this Section shall be limited to education and notification of requirements to encourage compliance.
(Source: P.A. 99-62, eff. 7-16-15; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-367, eff. 8-25-17.)

410 ILCS 625/3.07

    (410 ILCS 625/3.07)
    Sec. 3.07. Allergen awareness training.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Certified food service sanitation manager" means a food service sanitation manager certified under Section 3 of this Act.
    "Major food allergen" includes milk, eggs, fish, crustaceans, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts, soybeans, and food ingredients that contain protein derived from these foods.
    "Primarily engaged" means having sales of ready-to-eat food for immediate consumption comprising at least 51% of the total sales, excluding the sale of liquor.
    "Restaurant" means any business that is primarily engaged in the sale of ready-to-eat food for immediate consumption.
    (b) Unless otherwise provided, all certified food service sanitation managers employed by a restaurant must receive or obtain training in basic allergen awareness principles within 30 days after employment and every 3 years thereafter. Training programs must be accredited by the American National Standards Institute or another reputable accreditation agency under the ASTM International E2659-09 (Standard Practice for Certificate Programs). There is no limit to how many times an employee may take the training.
    (c) Allergen awareness training must cover and assess knowledge of the following topics:
        (1) the definition of a food allergy;
        (2) the symptoms of an allergic reaction;
        (3) the major food allergens;
        (4) the dangers of allergens and how to prevent
    
cross-contact;
        (5) the proper cleaning methods to prevent allergen
    
contamination;
        (6) how and when to communicate to guests and staff
    
about allergens;
        (7) the special considerations related to allergens
    
from workstations and self-serve areas;
        (8) how to handle special dietary requests;
        (9) dealing with emergencies, including allergic
    
reactions;
        (10) the importance of food labels;
        (11) how to handle food deliveries in relation to
    
allergens;
        (12) proper food preparation for guests with food
    
allergies; and
        (13) cleaning and personal hygiene considerations to
    
prevent contaminating food with allergens.
    (d) If an entity uses an allergen awareness training program accredited by the American National Standards Institute or another reputable accreditation agency under the ASTM International E2659-09 (Standard Practice for Certificate Programs), then that training program meets the requirements of this Section. The training indicated in this subsection (d) is transferable between employers, but not individuals.
    (e) If a business with an internal training program follows the guidelines in subsection (c), and is approved in another state prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly, then the business's training program and assessment meets the requirements of the Section. The training indicated in this subsection (e) is not transferable between individuals or employers.
    (f) The training program of any multi-state business with a plan that follows the guidelines of subsection (c) meets the requirements of this Section. The training indicated in this subsection (f) is not transferable between individuals or employers.
    (g) This Section does not apply to a multi-state business or a franchisee, as defined in the Franchise Disclosure Act of 1987, that has a food handler training program that follows the guidelines in subsection (d) of Section 3.06 of this Act; an individual that receives food handler training in accordance with the rules adopted under this Act; or a Category II facility or Category III facility as defined under 77 Ill. Adm. Code 750.10.
    (h) Any and all documents, materials, or information related to a restaurant or business allergen awareness training module is confidential and shall not be open to public inspection or dissemination and is exempt from disclosure under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act. Training may be conducted by any means available, including, but not limited to, online, computer, classroom, live trainers, remote trainers, and food service sanitation managers who have successfully completed an approved allergen training. Nothing in this subsection (h) shall be construed to require a proctor. Proof that a food service sanitation manager has been trained must be available upon reasonable request by a State or local health department inspector and may be provided electronically.
    (i) The regulation of allergen awareness training is considered to be an exclusive function of the State, and local regulation is prohibited. This subsection (i) is a denial and limitation of home rule powers and functions under subsection (h) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution.
    (j) The provisions of this Section apply beginning January 1, 2018. From January 1, 2018 through July 1, 2018, enforcement of the provisions of this Section shall be limited to education and notification of requirements to encourage compliance.
(Source: P.A. 100-367, eff. 8-25-17.)

410 ILCS 625/3.1

    (410 ILCS 625/3.1)
    Sec. 3.1. Potluck events.
    (a) As used in this Section, "potluck event" means an event that meets all of the following conditions:
        (1) People are gathered to share food at the event.
        (2) There is no compensation provided to people for
    
bringing food to the event.
        (3) There is no charge for any food or beverage
    
provided at the event.
        (4) The event is not conducted for commercial
    
purposes.
        (5) It is generally understood by the participants at
    
the event that neither the food nor the facilities have been inspected by the State or a local certified public health department.
        (6) The event is not held on public property.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the Department of Public Health nor the health department of a unit of local government may regulate the serving of food that is brought to a potluck event sponsored by a group of individuals or a religious, charitable, or nonprofit organization by individuals attending the potluck event for consumption at the potluck event. Individuals who are not members of a group or organization sponsoring a potluck event may attend the potluck event and consume the food at the event. No fee may be charged for admission to a potluck event that is exempt from regulation under this Section, nor may food be sold at a potluck event that is exempt from regulation under this Section. A business establishment dealing in the sale of food items may not sponsor a potluck event. Potluck event food may not be brought into the kitchen of a business establishment dealing in the sale of food items.
(Source: P.A. 93-1039, eff. 6-1-05.)

410 ILCS 625/3.2

    (410 ILCS 625/3.2)
    Sec. 3.2. Food banks.
    (a) For purposes of this Section, "food bank" means a public or charitable institution that maintains an established operation involving the provision of food or edible commodities to food pantries, soup kitchens, hunger relief centers, or other feeding programs that, as an integral part of their normal activities, provide meals or food to needy persons.
    (b) All food banks that provide food to feeding programs in Illinois shall provide a list of its member food pantries, soup kitchens, hunger relief centers, and other feeding programs to the State-certified local public health department or departments having jurisdiction in its service area. Food banks must provide this list to local public health departments annually and the listing shall include the following information about each food pantry, soup kitchen, hunger relief center, and other feeding program:
        (1) agency name;
        (2) type of feeding program;
        (3) address;
        (4) phone number; and
        (5) fax number.
    The intent of having food banks provide this information annually to the local public health department is solely for the purpose of ensuring that food recall alerts and other pertinent information will be communicated to food pantries, soup kitchens, hunger relief centers, and other feeding programs in a timely fashion.
(Source: P.A. 95-828, eff. 1-1-09.)

410 ILCS 625/3.3

    (410 ILCS 625/3.3)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 102-862)
    Sec. 3.3. Farmers' markets.
    (a) The General Assembly finds as follows:
        (1) Farmers' markets, as defined in subsection (b)
    
of this Section, provide not only a valuable marketplace for farmers and food artisans to sell their products directly to consumers, but also a place for consumers to access fresh fruits, vegetables, and other agricultural products.
        (2) Farmers' markets serve as a stimulator for local
    
economies and for thousands of new businesses every year, allowing farmers to sell directly to consumers and capture the full retail value of their products. They have become important community institutions and have figured in the revitalization of downtown districts and rural communities.
        (3) Since 1999, the number of farmers' markets has
    
tripled and new ones are being established every year. There is a lack of consistent regulation from one county to the next, resulting in confusion and discrepancies between counties regarding how products may be sold. There continue to be inconsistencies, confusion, and lack of awareness by consumers, farmers, markets, and local health authorities of required guidelines affecting farmers' markets from county to county.
        (4) (Blank).
        (5) (Blank).
        (6) Recognizing that farmers' markets serve as small
    
business incubators and that farmers' profit margins frequently are narrow, even in direct-to-consumer retail, protecting farmers from costs of regulation that are disproportionate to their profits will help ensure the continued viability of these local farms and small businesses.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Department" means the Department of Public Health.
    "Director" means the Director of Public Health.
    "Farmers' market" means a common facility or area where the primary purpose is for farmers to gather to sell a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables and other locally produced farm and food products directly to consumers.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) This Section does not intend and shall not be construed to limit the power of counties, municipalities, and other local government units to regulate farmers' markets for the protection of the public health, safety, morals, and welfare, including, but not limited to, licensing requirements and time, place, and manner restrictions, except as specified in this Act. This Section provides for a statewide scheme for the orderly and consistent interpretation of the Department's administrative rules pertaining to the safety of food and food products sold at farmers' markets.
    (e) (Blank).
    (f) (Blank).
    (g) (Blank).
    (h) (Blank).
    (i) (Blank).
    (j) (Blank).
    (k) (Blank).
    (l) (Blank).
    (m) The following provisions shall apply concerning statewide farmers' market food safety guidelines:
        (1) The Director, in accordance with this Section,
    
shall adopt administrative rules (as provided by the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act) for foods found at farmers' markets.
        (2) The rules and regulations described in this
    
Section shall be consistently enforced by local health authorities throughout the State.
        (2.5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law
    
except as provided in this Section, local public health departments and all other units of local government are prohibited from creating sanitation guidelines, rules, or regulations for farmers' markets that are more stringent than those farmers' market sanitation regulations contained in the administrative rules adopted by the Department for the purposes of implementing this Section and Sections 3.4, 3.5, and 4 of this Act. Except as provided for in Sections 3.4 and 4 of this Act, this Section does not intend and shall not be construed to limit the power of local health departments and other government units from requiring licensing and permits for the sale of commercial food products, processed food products, prepared foods, and potentially hazardous foods at farmers' markets or conducting related inspections and enforcement activities, so long as those permits and licenses do not include unreasonable fees or sanitation provisions and rules that are more stringent than those laid out in the administrative rules adopted by the Department for the purposes of implementing this Section and Sections 3.4, 3.5, and 4 of this Act.
        (3) In the case of alleged noncompliance with the
    
provisions described in this Section, local health departments shall issue written notices to vendors and market managers of any noncompliance issues.
        (4) Produce and food products coming within the scope
    
of the provisions of this Section shall include, but not be limited to, raw agricultural products, including fresh fruits and vegetables; popcorn, grains, seeds, beans, and nuts that are whole, unprocessed, unpackaged, and unsprouted; fresh herb sprigs and dried herbs in bunches; baked goods sold at farmers' markets; cut fruits and vegetables; milk and cheese products; ice cream; syrups; wild and cultivated mushrooms; apple cider and other fruit and vegetable juices; herb vinegar; garlic-in-oil; flavored oils; pickles, relishes, salsas, and other canned or jarred items; shell eggs; meat and poultry; fish; ready-to-eat foods; commercially produced prepackaged food products; and any additional items specified in the administrative rules adopted by the Department to implement Section 3.3 of this Act.
    (n) Local health department regulatory guidelines may be applied to foods not often found at farmers' markets, all other food products not regulated by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Public Health, as well as live animals to be sold at farmers' markets.
    (o) (Blank).
    (p) The Department of Public Health and the Department of Agriculture shall adopt administrative rules necessary to implement, interpret, and make specific the provisions of this Section, including, but not limited to, rules concerning labels, sanitation, and food product safety according to the realms of their jurisdiction.
    (q) The Department shall create a food sampling training and license program as specified in Section 3.4 of this Act.
    (r) In addition to any rules adopted pursuant to subsection (p) of this Section, the following provisions shall be applied uniformly throughout the State, including to home rule units, except as otherwise provided in this Act:
        (1) Farmers market vendors shall provide effective
    
means to maintain potentially hazardous food, as defined in Section 4 of this Act, at 41 degrees Fahrenheit or below. As an alternative to mechanical refrigeration, an effectively insulated, hard-sided, cleanable container with sufficient ice or other cooling means that is intended for the storage of potentially hazardous food shall be used. Local health departments shall not limit vendors' choice of refrigeration or cooling equipment and shall not charge a fee for use of such equipment. Local health departments shall not be precluded from requiring an effective alternative form of cooling if a vendor is unable to maintain food at the appropriate temperature.
        (2) Handwashing stations may be shared by farmers'
    
market vendors if handwashing stations are accessible to vendors.
(Source: P.A. 100-488, eff. 6-1-18; 100-805, eff. 1-1-19; 101-81, eff. 7-12-19.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 102-862)
    Sec. 3.3. Farmers' markets.
    (a) The General Assembly finds as follows:
        (1) Farmers' markets, as defined in subsection (b)
    
of this Section, provide not only a valuable marketplace for farmers and food artisans to sell their products directly to consumers, but also a place for consumers to access fresh fruits, vegetables, and other agricultural products.
        (2) Farmers' markets serve as a stimulator for local
    
economies and for thousands of new businesses every year, allowing farmers to sell directly to consumers and capture the full retail value of their products. They have become important community institutions and have figured in the revitalization of downtown districts and rural communities.
        (3) Since 1999, the number of farmers' markets has
    
tripled and new ones are being established every year. There is a lack of consistent regulation from one county to the next, resulting in confusion and discrepancies between counties regarding how products may be sold. There continue to be inconsistencies, confusion, and lack of awareness by consumers, farmers, markets, and local health authorities of required guidelines affecting farmers' markets from county to county.
        (4) (Blank).
        (5) (Blank).
        (6) Recognizing that farmers' markets serve as small
    
business incubators and that farmers' profit margins frequently are narrow, even in direct-to-consumer retail, protecting farmers from costs of regulation that are disproportionate to their profits will help ensure the continued viability of these local farms and small businesses.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Department" means the Department of Public Health.
    "Director" means the Director of Public Health.
    "Farmer" means an individual who is a resident of Illinois and owns or leases land in Illinois that is used as a farm, as that term is defined in Section 1-60 of the Property Tax Code, or that individual's employee.
    "Farmers' market" means a common facility or area where the primary purpose is for farmers to gather to sell a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables and other locally produced farm and food products directly to consumers.
    "Licensed or permitted processing facility" means a facility that has been inspected, approved, and permitted or licensed by the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Public Health, or a local health department.
    "Local health department" means a State-certified health department of a unit of local government.
    "Main ingredient" means an agricultural product that is the defining or distinctive ingredient in a product, though not necessarily by predominance of weight.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) This Section does not intend and shall not be construed to limit the power of counties, municipalities, and other local government units to regulate farmers' markets for the protection of the public health, safety, morals, and welfare, including, but not limited to, licensing requirements and time, place, and manner restrictions, except as specified in this Act. This Section provides for a statewide scheme for the orderly and consistent regulation of food and food products sold at farmers' markets.
    (e) (Blank).
    (f) (Blank).
    (g) (Blank).
    (h) (Blank).
    (i) (Blank).
    (j) (Blank).
    (k) (Blank).
    (l) (Blank).
    (m) The following provisions shall apply concerning statewide retail sale of farm products at farmers' markets:
        (1) (Blank).
        (2) Local health departments may conduct enforcement
    
actions under and pursuant to this Section. The rules and regulations described in this Section shall be consistently enforced by local health authorities throughout the State.
        (2.5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law
    
except as provided in this Section, local public health departments and all other units of local government are prohibited from creating guidelines, rules, or regulations for farmers' markets that are more stringent than those farmers' market regulations contained in this Section.
        (2.10) A farmer who engages in the sale of any of
    
the following products shall obtain a Farmers' Market Permit from each local health department that chooses to require a Farmers' Market Permit for each unit of local government in which a sales takes place:
            (A) Frozen, potentially hazardous foods that
        
are prepackaged at a licensed or permitted processing facility but have the main ingredient grown or raised on the farmer's farm.
            (B) Meat, poultry, dairy, and eggs raised or
        
grown on the farm of the farmer selling the food product.
        Nothing in this paragraph shall alter any obligation
    
under the Grade A Pasteurized Milk and Milk Products Act.
        (2.15) As part of the permitting process for a
    
Farmers' Market Permit, a local health department may require the applicant to perform the following:
            (A) Provide the address of the applicant's farm
        
and his or her contact information.
            (B) Provide a list of products intended for
        
sale.
            (C) Provide a thermometer for each
        
refrigeration unit, including, but not limited to, a refrigerator, fridge, freezer, or cooler, that is accurate to plus or minus 3 degrees Fahrenheit.
            (D) Maintain in good condition all equipment,
        
utensils, and the like, meaning that there are no chips, pitting, or other similar wear.
            (E) Provide effective means to maintain cold
        
food temperatures below 41 degrees Fahrenheit and frozen foods below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
            (F) For meat, dairy, or poultry products that
        
do not require refrigeration, provide a product hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) or food safety plan from a licensed facility as evidence of product safety at specific temperatures for the specified duration that they are not refrigerated.
            (G) The name, address, and contact information
        
of the licensed or permitted processing facility at which products were processed.
            (H) If selling eggs, provide an Illinois Egg
        
License issued by the Department of Agriculture.
            (I) At least one annual inspection. Inspections
        
may occur on site at the farmers market, or a local health department may require once annually that the farmer applicant go to an alternate location to conduct the inspection.
        (2.20) A Farmers' Market Permit shall be valid for
    
one year. The fee for obtaining a Farmers' Market Permit shall not exceed the following:
            (A) $75 for a limited egg Farmers' Market
        
Permit covering only the sale of eggs.
            (B) $175 for a full Farmers' Market Permit
        
covering any combination of meat, poultry, dairy, eggs, and frozen foods grown, raised, or produced on or in a licensed or permitted processing facility.
        The fee limits imposed under this paragraph shall be
    
increased by 10% on January 1, 2026 and on January 1 of every third year thereafter.
        (2.25) A local health department shall meet the
    
following requirements in creating, setting, or amending the fee required for a Farmers' Market Permit under this subsection:
            (A) A local health department shall solicit
        
public input in determining the initial fee or fees for a Farmers' Market Permit, and also at any time a fee increase is proposed by the local health department, by one or all of the following means:
                (i) Convene at least one public meeting to
            
allow verbal and written public input regarding the intent to create, set, or amend a fee. Before the public meeting, all farmers' market operators in the local health department's jurisdiction and all existing Farmers' Market Permit holders that are permitted in the local health department's jurisdiction shall be notified using the best efforts of the local health department.
                (ii) Provide public notice and solicit
            
written comments from the public regarding the intent to create, set, or amend a fee. Before the comment period, all farmers' market operators in the jurisdiction and all existing Farmers' Market Permit holders that are permitted in the local health department's jurisdiction shall be notified using the best efforts of the local health department.
            (B) A local health department shall consider all
        
public comments received in creating, setting, or amending a fee.
            (C) A local health department has final
        
discretion to create, set, or amend a fee, subject to the fee limits under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2.20).
            (D) A local health department shall amend a fee
        
no more than once per year.
            (E) All comments received under this paragraph
        
shall be provided to the locally elected or appointed governing body of the location that the local health department is located at.
            (F) A local health department is not required to
        
create a new process to solicit public input regarding the creation, setting, or amending of fees if it already has a process in place that meets the minimum requirements set forth in this paragraph.
        (2.30) A home rule unit may not regulate Farmers'
    
Market Permits in a manner inconsistent with the regulation by the State of Farmers' Market Permits under this subsection. This paragraph is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
        (3) In the case of alleged noncompliance with the
    
provisions described in this Section, local health departments shall issue written notices to vendors and market managers of any noncompliance issues. Citations may be issued to farmers who do not have or display their Farmers' Market Permits. Repeat violations may result in fines or Farmers' Market Permit suspension by a local health department.
        (4) (Blank).
    (n) Local health department regulatory guidelines may be applied to foods not often found at farmers' markets, all other food products not regulated by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Public Health, as well as live animals to be sold at farmers' markets.
    (o) (Blank).
    (p) The Department of Public Health and the Department of Agriculture shall adopt administrative rules necessary to implement, interpret, and make specific the provisions of this Section, including, but not limited to, rules concerning labels, sanitation, and food product safety according to the realms of their jurisdiction.
    (q) The Department shall create a food sampling training and license program as specified in Section 3.4 of this Act.
    (r) In addition to any rules adopted pursuant to subsection (p) of this Section, the following provisions shall be applied uniformly throughout the State, including to home rule units, except as otherwise provided in this Act:
        (1) Farmers market vendors shall provide effective
    
means to maintain potentially hazardous food, as defined in Section 4 of this Act, at 41 degrees Fahrenheit or below. As an alternative to mechanical refrigeration, an effectively insulated, hard-sided, cleanable container with sufficient ice or other cooling means that is intended for the storage of potentially hazardous food shall be used. Local health departments shall not limit vendors' choice of refrigeration or cooling equipment and shall not charge a fee for use of such equipment. Local health departments shall not be precluded from requiring an effective alternative form of cooling if a vendor is unable to maintain food at the appropriate temperature.
        (2) Handwashing stations may be shared by farmers'
    
market vendors if handwashing stations are accessible to vendors.
(Source: P.A. 101-81, eff. 7-12-19; 102-862, eff. 1-1-23.)

410 ILCS 625/3.4

    (410 ILCS 625/3.4)
    Sec. 3.4. Product samples.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section, "food product sampling" means food product samples distributed free of charge for promotional or educational purposes only.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided in subsection (c) of this Section, a vendor who engages in food product sampling at a farmers' market may do so without obtaining a State or local permit to provide those food product samples, provided the vendor complies with the State and local permit requirements to sell the food product to be sampled and with the food preparation, food handling, food storage, and food sampling requirements specified in the administrative rules adopted by the Department to implement Section 3.3 and Section 3.4 of this Act.
    The Department of Public Health is instructed to establish a food sampling at farmers' market training and certification program to fulfill this requirement. The Department shall adopt rules for the food sampling training and certification program and product sampling requirements at farmers' markets. The Department may charge a reasonable fee for the training and certification program. The Department may delegate or contract authority to administer the food sampling training to other qualified public and private entities.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this Section, the Department of Public Health, the Department of Agriculture, a local municipal health department, or a certified local health department may inspect a vendor at a farmers' market to ensure compliance with the provisions in this Section. If an imminent health hazard exists or a vendor's product has been found to be misbranded, adulterated, or not in compliance with the permit exemption for vendors pursuant to this Section, then the regulatory authority may invoke cessation of sales until it deems that the situation has been addressed.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-805, eff. 1-1-19.)

410 ILCS 625/3.5

    (410 ILCS 625/3.5)
    Sec. 3.5. Product origin.
    (a) All vendors or booths selling specialty crops and raw agricultural commodities at a farmers' market in Illinois must post at the point of sale a placard or include on a label or packing slip the physical address of the farm or farms on which those products were grown or produced.
    Specialty crops and raw agricultural commodities purchased through wholesale or retail markets may be offered for resale at a farmers' market. If the physical address of the farm or farms where the products were grown or produced is unknown, then the vendor must post at the point of sale a placard or include on a label or packing slip the physical address and business name, when applicable, where the products were purchased.
    (b) Specialty crops and raw agricultural commodities direct marketed at farmers' markets that do not include a placard at the point of sale or on a label or packing slip stating the physical location of the farm on which those products were grown or produced shall be considered misbranded.
    (c) Any related federal rules or regulations adopted through the implementation of the federal Food Safety Modernization Act regarding transparency, traceability, and product origin labeling pertaining to specialty crops and raw agricultural commodities shall supersede the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-660, eff. 6-23-14.)

410 ILCS 625/3.6

    (410 ILCS 625/3.6)
    Sec. 3.6. Home kitchen operation.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section, "home kitchen operation" means a person who produces or packages non-potentially hazardous baked goods, as allowed by subsection (a-5), in a kitchen of that person's primary domestic residence for direct sale by the owner or a family member. A home kitchen operation does not include a person who produces or packages non-potentially hazardous baked goods for sale by a religious, charitable, or nonprofit organization for fundraising purposes; the production or packaging of non-potentially hazardous baked goods for these purposes is exempt from the requirements of this Act. The following conditions must be met in order to qualify as a home kitchen operation:
        (1) Monthly gross sales do not exceed
    
$1,000.
        (2) The food is a non-potentially
    
hazardous baked good, as described in Section 4 of this Act.
        (3) A notice is provided to the purchaser
    
that the product was produced in a home kitchen.
        (4) The food package is affixed with a label or other
    
written notice is provided to the purchaser that includes:
            (i) the common or usual name of the food product;
        
and
            (ii) allergen labeling as specified in federal
        
labeling requirements by the United States Food and Drug Administration.
        (5) The food is sold directly to the consumer.
        (6) The food is stored in the residence where it is
    
produced or packaged.
    (a-5) Baked goods, such as, but not limited to, breads, cookies, cakes, pies, and pastries are allowed. Only high-acid fruit pies that use the following fruits are allowed: apple, apricot, grape, peach, plum, quince, orange, nectarine, tangerine, blackberry, raspberry, blueberry, boysenberry, cherry, cranberry, strawberry, red currants, or a combination of these fruits.
    (b) The Department of Public Health or the health department of a unit of local government may inspect a home kitchen operation in the event of a complaint or disease outbreak.
    (c) The requirements of this Section apply only to a home kitchen operation located in a municipality, township, or county where the local governing body having the jurisdiction to enforce this Act or the rules adopted under this Act has adopted an ordinance authorizing home kitchen operations.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 99-191, eff. 1-1-16; 100-35, eff. 1-1-18.)

410 ILCS 625/3.7

    (410 ILCS 625/3.7)
    Sec. 3.7. Communal kitchen in private residential leasehold.
    (a) As used in this Section, "private residential leasehold" means a private residential structure not open to the public which is leased to more than one person and contains a communal kitchen used by the lessees and guests of the lessees.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the Department of Public Health, the health department of a unit of local government, nor a public health district may regulate the preparing and serving of food in a private residential leasehold that is prepared by or for the lessees and consumed by the lessees and their guests.
    (c) This Section does not apply to regulation of private residential leaseholds in municipalities with a population greater than 1,000,000.
(Source: P.A. 100-330, eff. 1-1-18; 101-425, eff. 1-1-20.)

410 ILCS 625/3.08

    (410 ILCS 625/3.08)
    Sec. 3.08. Food allergy awareness.
    (a) A restaurant shall display a notice indicating to consumers that any information regarding food allergies must be communicated to an employee of the restaurant.
    (b) An employee of a restaurant who receives allergy information from a consumer shall communicate the consumer's information to the restaurant's person in charge or the certified food protection manager on duty.
    (c) A restaurant meets the requirements of this Section if the restaurant displays a notice regarding food allergies or provides a statement regarding food allergies on its menu that was approved in another state before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly.
    (d) A multi-state business or a franchisee, as that term is defined in the Franchise Disclosure Act of 1987, meets the requirements of this Section if the multi-state business or franchisee has an internal policy that requires a notice regarding allergies to be displayed or a statement regarding food allergies to be provided on the menu.
    (e) On or before January 1, 2020, the Department of Public Health shall create and make available on its website for download the notice required to be displayed under subsection (a) of this Section.
    (f) From the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly through July 1, 2020, enforcement of this Section shall be limited to education and notification of the requirements of this Section to encourage compliance.
(Source: P.A. 101-495, eff. 8-23-19.)

410 ILCS 625/3.9

    (410 ILCS 625/3.9)
    Sec. 3.9. Lemonade stand. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Department of Public Health, the health department of a unit of local government, or a public health district may not regulate the sale of lemonade or nonalcoholic drinks or mixed beverages by a person under the age of 16.
(Source: P.A. 102-78, eff. 1-1-22.)

410 ILCS 625/4

    (410 ILCS 625/4)
    Sec. 4. Cottage food operation.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section:
    A food is "acidified" if: (i) acid or acid ingredients are added to it to produce a final equilibrium pH of 4.6 or below; or (ii) it is fermented to produce a final equilibrium pH of 4.6 or below.
    "Canned food" means food that has been heat processed sufficiently under United States Department of Agriculture guidelines to enable storing the food at normal home temperatures.
    "Cottage food operation" means an operation conducted by a person who produces or packages food or drink, other than foods and drinks listed as prohibited in paragraph (1.5) of subsection (b) of this Section, in a kitchen located in that person's primary domestic residence or another appropriately designed and equipped kitchen on a farm for direct sale by the owner, a family member, or employee.
    "Cut leafy greens" means fresh leafy greens whose leaves have been cut, shredded, sliced, chopped, or torn. "Cut leafy greens" does not mean cut-to-harvest leafy greens.
    "Department" means the Department of Public Health.
    "Equilibrium pH" means the final potential of hydrogen measured in an acidified food after all the components of the food have achieved the same acidity.
    "Farmers' market" means a common facility or area where farmers gather to sell a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables and other locally produced farm and food products directly to consumers.
    "Leafy greens" includes iceberg lettuce; romaine lettuce; leaf lettuce; butter lettuce; baby leaf lettuce, such as immature lettuce or leafy greens; escarole; endive; spring mix; spinach; cabbage; kale; arugula; and chard. "Leafy greens" does not include microgreens or herbs such as cilantro or parsley.
    "Local health department" means a State-certified health department of a unit of local government in which a cottage food operation is located.
    "Local public health department association" means an association solely representing 2 or more State-certified local health departments.
    "Low-acid canned food" means any canned food with a finished equilibrium pH greater than 4.6 and a water activity (aw) greater than 0.85.
    "Microgreen" means an edible plant seedling grown in soil or substrate and harvested above the soil or substrate line.
    "Potentially hazardous food" means a food that is potentially hazardous according to the Department's administrative rules. Potentially hazardous food (PHF) in general means a food that requires time and temperature control for safety (TCS) to limit pathogenic microorganism growth or toxin formation.
    "Sprout" means any seedling intended for human consumption that was produced in a manner that does not meet the definition of microgreen.
    (b) A cottage food operation may produce homemade food and drink provided that all of the following conditions are met:
        (1) (Blank).
        (1.3) A cottage food operation must register with the
    
local health department for the unit of local government in which it is located, but may sell products outside of the unit of local government where the cottage food operation is located. A copy of the certificate of registration must be available upon request by any local health department.
        (1.5) A cottage food operation shall not sell or
    
offer to sell the following food items or processed foods containing the following food items, except as indicated:
            (A) meat, poultry, fish, seafood, or shellfish;
            (B) dairy, except as an ingredient in a
        
non-potentially hazardous baked good or candy, such as caramel, subject to paragraph (4), or as an ingredient in a baked good frosting, such as buttercream;
            (C) eggs, except as an ingredient in a
        
non-potentially hazardous food, including dry noodles, or as an ingredient in a baked good frosting, such as buttercream, if the eggs are not raw;
            (D) pumpkin pies, sweet potato pies, cheesecakes,
        
custard pies, creme pies, and pastries with potentially hazardous fillings or toppings;
            (E) garlic in oil or oil infused with garlic,
        
except if the garlic oil is acidified;
            (F) low-acid canned foods;
            (G) sprouts;
            (H) cut leafy greens, except for cut leafy greens
        
that are dehydrated, acidified, or blanched and frozen;
            (I) cut or pureed fresh tomato or melon;
            (J) dehydrated tomato or melon;
            (K) frozen cut melon;
            (L) wild-harvested, non-cultivated mushrooms;
            (M) alcoholic beverages; or
            (N) kombucha.
        (1.6) In order to sell canned tomatoes or a canned
    
product containing tomatoes, a cottage food operator shall either:
            (A) follow exactly a recipe that has been tested
        
by the United States Department of Agriculture or by a state cooperative extension located in this State or any other state in the United States; or
            (B) submit the recipe, at the cottage food
        
operator's expense, to a commercial laboratory according to the commercial laboratory's directions to test that the product has been adequately acidified; use only the varietal or proportionate varietals of tomato included in the tested recipe for all subsequent batches of such recipe; and provide documentation of the annual test results of the recipe submitted under this subparagraph upon registration and to an inspector upon request during any inspection authorized by subsection (d).
        (2) In order to sell a fermented or acidified food, a
    
cottage food operation shall either:
            (A) submit a recipe that has been tested by the
        
United States Department of Agriculture or a cooperative extension system located in this State or any other state in the United States; or
            (B) submit a written food safety plan for each
        
category of products for which the cottage food operator uses the same procedures, such as pickles, kimchi, or hot sauce, and a pH test for a single product that is representative of that category; the written food safety plan shall be submitted annually upon registration and each pH test shall be submitted every 3 years; the food safety plan shall adhere to guidelines developed by the Department.
        (3) A fermented or acidified food shall be packaged
    
according to one of the following standards:
            (A) A fermented or acidified food that is canned
        
must be processed in a boiling water bath in a Mason-style jar or glass container with a tight-fitting lid.
            (B) A fermented or acidified food that is not
        
canned shall be sold in any container that is new, clean, and seals properly and must be stored, transported, and sold at or below 41 degrees.
        (4) In order to sell a baked good with cheese, a
    
local health department may require a cottage food operation to submit a recipe, at the cottage food operator's expense, to a commercial laboratory to verify that it is non-potentially hazardous before allowing the cottage food operation to sell the baked good as a cottage food.
        (5) For a cottage food operation that does not
    
utilize a municipal water supply, such as an operation using a private well, a local health department may require a water sample test to verify that the water source being used meets public safety standards related to E. coli coliform. If a test is requested, it must be conducted at the cottage food operator's expense.
        (6) A person preparing or packaging a product as part
    
of a cottage food operation must be a Department-approved certified food protection manager.
        (7) Food packaging must conform with the labeling
    
requirements of the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. A cottage food product shall be prepackaged and the food packaging shall be affixed with a prominent label that includes the following:
            (A) the name of the cottage food operation and
        
unit of local government in which the cottage food operation is located;
            (B) the identifying registration number provided
        
by the local health department on the certificate of registration and the name of the municipality or county in which the registration was filed;
            (C) the common or usual name of the food product;
            (D) all ingredients of the food product,
        
including any color, artificial flavor, and preservative, listed in descending order by predominance of weight shown with the common or usual names;
            (E) the following phrase in prominent lettering:
        
"This product was produced in a home kitchen not inspected by a health department that may also process common food allergens. If you have safety concerns, contact your local health department.";
            (F) the date the product was processed; and
            (G) allergen labeling as specified under federal
        
labeling requirements.
        (8) Food packaging may include the designation
    
"Illinois-grown", "Illinois-sourced", or "Illinois farm product" if the packaged product is a local farm or food product as that term is defined in Section 5 of the Local Food, Farms, and Jobs Act.
        (9) In the case of a product that is difficult to
    
properly label or package, or for other reasons, the local health department of the location where the product is sold may grant permission to sell products that are not prepackaged, in which case other prominent written notice shall be provided to the purchaser.
        (10) At the point of sale, notice must be provided in
    
a prominent location that states the following: "This product was produced in a home kitchen not inspected by a health department that may also process common food allergens." At a physical display, notice shall be a placard. Online, notice shall be a message on the cottage food operation's online sales interface at the point of sale.
        (11) Food and drink produced by a cottage food
    
operation shall be sold directly to consumers for their own consumption and not for resale. Sales directly to consumers include, but are not limited to, sales at or through:
            (A) farmers' markets;
            (B) fairs, festivals, public events, or online;
            (C) pickup from the private home or farm of the
        
cottage food operator, if the pickup is not prohibited by any law of the unit of local government that applies equally to all cottage food operations; in a municipality with a population of 1,000,000 or more, a cottage food operator shall comply with any law of the municipality that applies equally to all home-based businesses;
            (D) delivery to the customer; and
            (E) pickup from a third-party private property
        
with the consent of the third-party property holder.
        (12) Only food that is non-potentially hazardous may
    
be shipped. A cottage food product shall not be shipped out of State. Each cottage food product that is shipped must be sealed in a manner that reveals tampering, including, but not limited to, a sticker or pop top.
    (c) A local health department shall register any eligible cottage food operation that meets the requirements of this Section and shall issue a certificate of registration with an identifying registration number to each registered cottage food operation. A local health department may establish a self-certification program for cottage food operators to affirm compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations. Registration shall be completed annually and the local health department may impose a fee not to exceed $50.
    (d) In the event of a consumer complaint or foodborne illness outbreak, upon notice from a different local health department, or if the Department or a local health department has reason to believe that an imminent health hazard exists or that a cottage food operation's product has been found to be misbranded, adulterated, or not in compliance with the conditions for cottage food operations set forth in this Section, the Department or the local health department may:
        (1) inspect the premises of the cottage food
    
operation in question;
        (2) set a reasonable fee for the inspection; and
        (3) invoke penalties and the cessation of the sale of
    
cottage food products until it deems that the situation has been addressed to the satisfaction of the Department or local health department; if the situation is not amenable to being addressed, the local health department may revoke the cottage food operation's registration following a process outlined by the local health department.
    (e) A local health department that receives a consumer complaint or a report of foodborne illness related to a cottage food operator in another jurisdiction shall refer the complaint or report to the local health department where the cottage food operator is registered.
    (f) By January 1, 2022, the Department, in collaboration with local public health department associations and other stakeholder groups, shall write and issue administrative guidance to local health departments on the following:
        (1) development of a standard registration form,
    
including, if applicable, a written food safety plan;
        (2) development of a Home-Certification Self
    
Checklist Form;
        (3) development of a standard inspection form and
    
inspection procedures; and
        (4) procedures for cottage food operation workspaces
    
that include, but are not limited to, cleaning products, general sanitation, and requirements for functional equipment.
    (g) A person who produces or packages a non-potentially hazardous baked good for sale by a religious, charitable, or nonprofit organization for fundraising purposes is exempt from the requirements of this Section.
    (h) A home rule unit may not regulate cottage food operations in a manner inconsistent with the regulation by the State of cottage food operations under this Section. This Section is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
    (i) The Department may adopt rules as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 101-81, eff. 7-12-19; 102-633, eff. 1-1-22.)