Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
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PUBLIC HEALTH410 ILCS 50/0.01
(410 ILCS 50/) Medical Patient Rights Act.
(410 ILCS 50/0.01)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5400)
This Act may be cited as the
Medical Patient Rights Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)
410 ILCS 50/1
(410 ILCS 50/1)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5401)
The purpose of this Act is to establish certain rights for medical
patients and to provide a penalty for the violation thereof.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2
(410 ILCS 50/2)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402)
As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the
terms specified in Sections 2.01 through 2.05 have the meanings
ascribed to them in those Sections.
(Source: P.A. 86-820; 86-1355; 86-1475.)
410 ILCS 50/2.01
(410 ILCS 50/2.01)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.01)
"Patient" means any person who has received or is receiving
medical care, treatment or services from an individual or institution licensed
to provide medical care or treatment in this State.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2.02
(410 ILCS 50/2.02)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.02)
"Health services corporation" means any corporation issuing
a plan for medical or hospital services or for the payment or reimbursement
of expenses arising from such services.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2.03
(410 ILCS 50/2.03)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.03)
"Health care provider" means any public or private facility
that provides, on an inpatient or outpatient basis, preventive, diagnostic,
therapeutic, convalescent, rehabilitation, mental health, or intellectual disability
services, including general or special hospitals, skilled nursing homes,
extended care facilities, intermediate care facilities and mental health centers.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)
410 ILCS 50/2.04
(410 ILCS 50/2.04)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.04)
"Insurance company" means (1) an insurance company, fraternal
benefit society, and any other insurer subject to regulation under the
Illinois Insurance Code; or (2) a health maintenance organization.
(Source: P.A. 85-677; 85-679.)
410 ILCS 50/2.05
(410 ILCS 50/2.05)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.05)
"Experimental procedures" means a research program or an
experimental procedure, as defined under the rules and regulations of the
Hospital Licensing Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1355.)
410 ILCS 50/3
(410 ILCS 50/3)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403)
The following rights are hereby established:
(a) The right of each patient to care consistent with
sound nursing and medical practices, to be informed of the name of the physician responsible for coordinating his or her care, to receive information concerning his or her condition and proposed treatment, to refuse any treatment to the extent permitted by law, and to privacy and confidentiality of records except as otherwise provided by law.
(b) The right of each patient, regardless of source
of payment, to examine and receive a reasonable explanation of his total bill for services rendered by his physician or health care provider, including the itemized charges for specific services received. Each physician or health care provider shall be responsible only for a reasonable explanation of those specific services provided by such physician or health care provider.
(c) In the event an insurance company or health
services corporation cancels or refuses to renew an individual policy or plan, the insured patient shall be entitled to timely, prior notice of the termination of such policy or plan.
An insurance company or health services corporation
that requires any insured patient or applicant for new or continued insurance or coverage to be tested for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any other identified causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) shall (1) give the patient or applicant prior written notice of such requirement, (2) proceed with such testing only upon the written authorization of the applicant or patient, and (3) keep the results of such testing confidential. Notice of an adverse underwriting or coverage decision may be given to any appropriately interested party, but the insurer may only disclose the test result itself to a physician designated by the applicant or patient, and any such disclosure shall be in a manner that assures confidentiality.
The Department of Insurance shall enforce the
provisions of this subsection.
(d) The right of each patient to privacy and
confidentiality in health care. Each physician, health care provider, health services corporation and insurance company shall refrain from disclosing the nature or details of services provided to patients, except that such information may be disclosed: (1) to the patient, (2) to the party making treatment decisions if the patient is incapable of making decisions regarding the health services provided, (3) for treatment in accordance with 45 CFR 164.501 and 164.506, (4) for payment in accordance with 45 CFR 164.501 and 164.506, (5) to those parties responsible for peer review, utilization review, and quality assurance, (6) for health care operations in accordance with 45 CFR 164.501 and 164.506, (7) to those parties required to be notified under the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act or the Illinois Sexually Transmissible Disease Control Act, or (8) as otherwise permitted, authorized, or required by State or federal law. This right may be waived in writing by the patient or the patient's guardian or legal representative, but a physician or other health care provider may not condition the provision of services on the patient's, guardian's, or legal representative's agreement to sign such a waiver. In the interest of public health, safety, and welfare, patient information, including, but not limited to, health information, demographic information, and information about the services provided to patients, may be transmitted to or through a health information exchange, as that term is defined in Section 2 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act, in accordance with the disclosures permitted pursuant to this Section. Patients shall be provided the opportunity to opt out of their health information being transmitted to or through a health information exchange in accordance with the regulations, standards, or contractual obligations adopted by the Illinois Health Information Exchange Office in accordance with Section 9.6 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act, Section 9.6 of the AIDS Confidentiality Act, or Section 31.8 of the Genetic Information Privacy Act, as applicable. In the case of a patient choosing to opt out of having his or her information available on an HIE, nothing in this Act shall cause the physician or health care provider to be liable for the release of a patient's health information by other entities that may possess such information, including, but not limited to, other health professionals, providers, laboratories, pharmacies, hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, and nursing homes.
(Source: P.A. 101-649, eff. 7-7-20.)
410 ILCS 50/3.1
(410 ILCS 50/3.1)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403.1)
(a) Any patient who is the subject of a research program or
an experimental procedure, as defined under the rules and regulations of
the Hospital Licensing Act, shall have, at a minimum, the right to receive
an explanation of the nature and possible consequences of such research or
experiment before the research or experiment is conducted, and to consent
to or reject it.
(b) No physician may conduct any research program or experimental
procedure on a patient without the prior informed consent of the patient
or, if the patient is unable to consent, the patient's guardian, spouse,
parent, or authorized agent.
(c) This Section shall not apply to any research program or medical
experimental procedure for patients subject to a life-threatening emergency
that is conducted in accordance with Part 50 of Title 21 of, and Part 46 of
Title 45 of, the Code of Federal Regulations.
(Source: P.A. 90-36, eff. 6-27-97.)
410 ILCS 50/3.2
(410 ILCS 50/3.2)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403.2)
(a) Every health care facility in this State shall permit
visitation by any person or persons designated by a patient who is 18 years
of age or older and who is allowed rights of visitation unless (1) the
facility does not allow any visitation for a patient or patients, or (2)
the facility or the patient's physician determines that visitation would
endanger the physical health or safety of a patient or visitor, or would
interfere with the operations of the facility. Nothing in this Act shall
restrict the ability of a health care facility to regulate the hours of
visitation, the number of visitors per patient or the movement of visitors
within the facility.
(b) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to further limit or
restrict the right of visitation provided by other provisions of law.
(c) For the purposes of this Section a "health care facility" does not
include a developmental disability facility, a mental health facility or a
mental health center.
(Source: P.A. 87-651.)
410 ILCS 50/3.3
(410 ILCS 50/3.3)
Prohibition on the markup of anatomic pathology services.
(a) A physician who orders, but who does not supervise or perform, an anatomic pathology service shall disclose in a bill for such service presented to the patient:
(1) the name and address of the physician or
laboratory that provided the anatomic pathology service; and
(2) the actual amount paid or to be paid for each
anatomic pathology service provided to the patient by the physician or laboratory that performed the service.
(b) A physician subject to the requirement of subsection (a) of this Section when billing a patient, insurer, or third-party payer shall not markup, or directly or indirectly increase, the amount subject to disclosure under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section in any bill presented to a patient, insurer, or third-party payer.
(c) This Section does not prohibit a referring physician from charging a specimen acquisition or processing charge if:
(1) the charge is limited to actual costs incurred
for specimen collection and transportation; and
(2) the charge is separately coded or denoted as a
service distinct from the performance of the anatomic pathology service, in conformance with the coding policies of the American Medical Association.
(d) The requirements of this Section do not apply to an anatomic pathology service ordered or provided by:
(1) facilities licensed under the Hospital Licensing
Act or the University of Illinois Hospital Act or clinical laboratories owned, operated by, or operated within facilities licensed under the Hospital Licensing Act or the University of Illinois Hospital Act;
(2) any public health clinic or nonprofit health
(3) any government agency, or their specified public
(e) No patient, insurer, or other third-party payer, shall be required to reimburse any licensed health care professional for charges or claims submitted in violation of this Section.
(f) A person who receives a bill for an anatomic pathology service made in knowing and willful violation of this Section may maintain an action to recover the actual amount paid for the bill.
(g) The Department of Insurance shall enforce the provisions of this Section for any bill submitted to a payer in violation of this Section.
(h) For the purposes of this Section, "anatomic pathology services" means:
(1) histopathology or surgical pathology, meaning
the gross and microscopic examination performed by a physician or under the supervision of a physician, including histologic processing;
(2) cytopathology, meaning the microscopic
examination of cells from (A) fluids, (B) aspirates, (C) washings, (D) brushings, or (E) smears, including the Pap smear test examination performed by a physician or under the supervision of a physician;
(3) hematology, meaning the microscopic evaluation
of bone marrow aspirates and biopsies performed by a physician, or under the supervision of a physician, and peripheral blood smears when the attending or treating physician or technologist requests that a blood smear be reviewed by a pathologist;
(4) sub-cellular pathology or molecular pathology,
meaning the assessment of a patient specimen for the detection, localization, measurement, or analysis of one or more protein or nucleic acid targets; and
(5) blood-banking services performed by
(Source: P.A. 98-1127, eff. 1-1-15.)
410 ILCS 50/3.4
(410 ILCS 50/3.4)
Rights of women; pregnancy and childbirth.
(a) In addition to any other right provided under this Act, every woman has the following rights with regard to pregnancy and childbirth:
(1) The right to receive health care before, during,
and after pregnancy and childbirth.
(2) The right to receive care for her and her infant
that is consistent with generally accepted medical standards.
(3) The right to choose a certified nurse midwife or
physician as her maternity care professional.
(4) The right to choose her birth setting from the
full range of birthing options available in her community.
(5) The right to leave her maternity care
professional and select another if she becomes dissatisfied with her care, except as otherwise provided by law.
(6) The right to receive information about the names
of those health care professionals involved in her care.
(7) The right to privacy and confidentiality of
records, except as provided by law.
(8) The right to receive information concerning her
condition and proposed treatment, including methods of relieving pain.
(9) The right to accept or refuse any treatment, to
the extent medically possible.
(10) The right to be informed if her caregivers wish
to enroll her or her infant in a research study in accordance with Section 3.1 of this Act.
(11) The right to access her medical records in
accordance with Section 8-2001 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(12) The right to receive information in a language
in which she can communicate in accordance with federal law.
(13) The right to receive emotional and physical
support during labor and birth.
(14) The right to freedom of movement during labor
and to give birth in the position of her choice, within generally accepted medical standards.
(15) The right to contact with her newborn, except
where necessary care must be provided to the mother or infant.
(16) The right to receive information about
(17) The right to decide collaboratively with
caregivers when she and her baby will leave the birth site for home, based on their conditions and circumstances.
(18) The right to be treated with respect at all
times before, during, and after pregnancy by her health care professionals.
(19) The right of each patient, regardless of source
of payment, to examine and receive a reasonable explanation of her total bill for services rendered by her maternity care professional or health care provider, including itemized charges for specific services received. Each maternity care professional or health care provider shall be responsible only for a reasonable explanation of those specific services provided by the maternity care professional or health care provider.
(b) The Department of Public Health, Department of Healthcare and Family Services, Department of Children and Family Services, and Department of Human Services shall post, either by physical or electronic means, information about these rights on their publicly available websites. Every health care provider, day care center licensed under the Child Care Act of 1969, Head Start, and community center shall post information about these rights in a prominent place and on their websites, if applicable.
(c) The Department of Public Health shall adopt rules to implement this Section.
(d) Nothing in this Section or any rules adopted under subsection (c) shall be construed to require a physician, health care professional, hospital, hospital affiliate, or health care provider to provide care inconsistent with generally accepted medical standards or available capabilities or resources.
(Source: P.A. 101-445, eff. 1-1-20; 102-4, eff. 4-27-21.)
410 ILCS 50/4
(410 ILCS 50/4)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5404)
Any physician or health care provider that violates
a patient's rights as set forth in subparagraph (b) of Section 3
is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined $500. Any insurance company
or health service corporation that violates a patient's rights as set forth
in subparagraph (c) of Section 3 is guilty of a petty offense and
shall be fined $1,000. Any physician, health care provider, health services
corporation or insurance company that violates a patient's rights as set forth
in subsection (d) of Section 3 is guilty of a petty offense and
shall be fined $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 92-651, eff. 7-11-02.)
410 ILCS 50/5
(410 ILCS 50/5)
Statement of hospital patient's rights.
(a) Each patient admitted to a hospital, and the guardian or authorized
representative or parent of a minor patient, shall be given a written
statement of all the rights enumerated in this Act, or a similar statement of
patients' rights required of the hospital by the Joint Commission on
Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations or a similar accrediting
organization. The statement shall be given at the time of admission or as soon
thereafter as the condition of the patient permits.
(b) If a patient is unable to read the written statement, a hospital
shall make a reasonable effort to provide it to the guardian or authorized
representative of the patient.
(c) The statement shall also include the right not to be discriminated against by the hospital due to the patient's race, color, or national origin where such characteristics are not relevant to the patient's medical diagnosis and treatment. The statement shall further provide each admitted patient or the patient's representative or guardian with notice of how to initiate a grievance regarding improper discrimination with the hospital and how the patient may lodge a grievance with the Illinois Department of Public Health and the Illinois Department of Human Rights regardless of whether the patient has first used the hospital's grievance process.
(Source: P.A. 97-485, eff. 8-22-11.)
410 ILCS 50/5.1
(410 ILCS 50/5.1)
Discrimination grievance procedures.
Upon receipt of a grievance alleging unlawful discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin, the hospital must investigate the claim and work with the patient to address valid or proven concerns in accordance with the hospital's grievance process. At the conclusion of the hospital's grievance process, the hospital shall inform the patient that such grievances may be reported to the Illinois Department of Public Health if not resolved to the patient's satisfaction at the hospital level.
(Source: P.A. 97-485, eff. 8-22-11.)
410 ILCS 50/5.2
(410 ILCS 50/5.2)
Emergency room anti-discrimination notice.
Every hospital shall post, either by physical or electronic means, a sign next to or in close proximity of its sign required by Section 489.20(q)(1) of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations stating the following:
"You have the right not to be discriminated against by the hospital due to your race, color, or national origin if these characteristics are unrelated to your diagnosis or treatment. If you believe this right has been violated, please call (insert number for hospital grievance officer).".
(Source: P.A. 102-4, eff. 4-27-21.)
410 ILCS 50/6
(410 ILCS 50/6)
A health care facility that provides treatment or care to a patient in this
shall require each employee of or volunteer for the facility, including a
student, who examines or treats
a patient or resident of the facility to wear an identification badge that
readily discloses the first name, licensure status, if any, and staff position
of the person examining or treating the patient or resident. This Section does not apply to a facility licensed or certified under the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Community-Integrated Living Arrangements Licensure and Certification Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-243, eff. 1-1-14; 98-890, eff. 1-1-15; 99-180, eff. 7-29-15.)
410 ILCS 50/7
(410 ILCS 50/7)
Any physician, medical student, resident, advanced practice registered nurse, registered nurse, or physician assistant who provides treatment or care to a patient shall inform the patient of his or her profession upon providing the treatment or care, which includes but is not limited to any physical examination, such as a pelvic examination. In the case of an unconscious patient, any care or treatment must be related to the patient's illness, condition, or disease.
(Source: P.A. 100-513, eff. 1-1-18
410 ILCS 50/99
(410 ILCS 50/99)
This Act takes effect on becoming a law.
(Source: P.A. 88-670, eff. 12-2-94.)