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410 ILCS 335/10
(410 ILCS 335/10)
HIV counseling and offer of HIV testing required.
(a) Every health care professional who provides health care services to a
woman shall, unless she already has a negative HIV status during the third trimester of the current pregnancy, or is already HIV-positive, provide the woman with HIV counseling, as described in subpart (d) of this Section, and shall test her for HIV on an opt-out basis unless she refuses. The counseling and testing or refusal of testing shall comply with the requirements for informed consent in the AIDS Confidentiality Act and be documented in the pregnant woman's medical record as required by the AIDS Confidentiality Act.
A health care
provide the first opt-out HIV testing as early in the woman's pregnancy
possible. The health care professional providing health care services to a pregnant woman in the third trimester shall perform a second round of opt-out HIV testing, ideally by the 36th week of pregnancy, unless the pregnant woman already has a negative HIV status from the third trimester of the current pregnancy, or is already HIV-positive.
(b) Every health care professional or facility that cares for a pregnant
labor or delivery shall, unless she already has a negative HIV status from the third trimester of the current pregnancy, or is already HIV-positive, provide the woman with HIV counseling, as described in subpart (d) of this Section, and rapid opt-out
testing. The woman in labor or delivery may refuse the HIV test verbally or in writing. The counseling and testing or refusal of testing
documented in the laboring or delivering woman's medical record. The health care facility shall adopt a policy that provides that as soon as possible within medical standards after the infant's birth, the delivering mother's HIV test result, if available, shall be noted in the newborn infant's medical record. It shall also be noted in the newborn infant's medical record if the mother's third trimester HIV test result is not available because she was not tested in the third trimester or has declined testing. Any testing or test results shall be
documented in accordance with the AIDS Confidentiality Act.
(c) Every health care professional or facility caring for a newborn infant
delivery or as soon as possible within medical standards after the infant's birth, provide
counseling as described in subsection (d) of this Section to the
guardian of the infant and perform rapid HIV testing on the infant, when the HIV status of the
infant's mother is unknown, or if the delivering woman did not undergo HIV testing in the third trimester of the current pregnancy.
(d) The counseling required under this Section must be provided in
AIDS Confidentiality Act and must include the following:
(1) For the health of the pregnant woman, the
voluntary nature of the testing, the benefits of HIV testing, including the prevention of transmission, and the requirement that HIV testing be performed unless she refuses and the methods by which she can refuse.
(2) The benefit of HIV testing for herself and the
newborn infant, including interventions to prevent HIV transmission.
(3) The side effects of interventions to prevent HIV
(4) The statutory confidentiality provisions that
relate to HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome ("AIDS") testing.
(5) The requirement for mandatory testing of the
newborn if the mother's HIV status during the third trimester of pregnancy is unknown and if the mother was not rapidly tested for HIV at delivery.
(6) An explanation of the test, including its
purpose, limitations, and the meaning of its results.
(7) An explanation of the procedures to be followed.
(8) The availability of additional or confirmatory
testing, if appropriate. Counseling may be provided in writing, verbally, or by video, electronic, or other means. The pregnant or delivering woman must be offered an opportunity to ask questions about testing and to decline testing.
(e) All counseling and testing must be performed in accordance with the
standards set forth in the AIDS Confidentiality Act, including the informed consent provisions of Sections 4, 7, and 8 of that Act, with the exception of
the requirement of consent for testing of newborn infants.
testing of a newborn infant shall be presumed when a health care professional
or health care
facility seeks to perform a test on a newborn infant whose mother's HIV status
is not known either in the third trimester of pregnancy or at delivery, provided that the counseling required under subsection (d) of this Section and the AIDS Confidentiality Act
has taken place.
(f) The Illinois Department of Public Health shall adopt necessary rules to
implement this Act by July 1, 2008.
(Source: P.A. 100-265, eff. 8-22-17.)