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(225 ILCS 732/1-83)
(a) Any person who has reason to believe they have incurred pollution or diminution of a water source as a result of a high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing treatment of a well may notify the Department and request that an investigation be conducted.
(b) Within 30 calendar days after notification, the Department shall initiate the investigation of the claim and make a reasonable effort to reach a determination within 180 calendar days after notification. The Department may contact the Agency to seek the Agency's assistance in water quality sampling. The Agency may seek cost recovery under subsection (e) of Section 1-87 of this Act and recover all costs for samples taken for the investigation under this Section.
(c) Any person conducting or who has conducted high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations shall supply any information requested by the Department to assist the Department. The Department shall give due consideration to any information submitted during the course of the investigation.
(d) If sampling results or other information obtained as part of the investigation or the results of tests conducted under subsection (c) of Section 1-80 of this Act indicate that concentrations exceed the standards or criteria referenced by pollution or diminution under Section 1-5 of this Act, the Department shall issue an order to the permittee as necessary to require permanent or temporary replacement of a water source. In addition to any other penalty available under the law and consistent with the Department's order, the permittee shall restore or replace the affected supply with an alternative source of water adequate in quantity and quality for the purposes served by the water source. The quality of a restored or replaced water source shall meet or exceed the quality of the original water source based upon the results of the baseline test results under subsection (b) of Section 1-80 for that water source, or other available information. The Department may require the permittee to take immediate action, including but not limited to, repair, replacement, alteration, or prohibition of operation of equipment permitted by the Department. The Department may issue conditions within any order to protect the public health or welfare or the environment.
(e) Within 15 calendar days after a determination has been made regarding the pollution or diminution, the Department shall provide notice of its findings and the orders, if any, to all persons that use the water source for domestic, agricultural, industrial, or any other legitimate beneficial uses.
(f) Upon issuance of an Order or a finding of pollution or diminution under subsection (d) of this Section, the Department shall contact the Agency and forward all information from the investigation to the Agency. The Agency shall investigate the potential for violations as designated within Section 1-87 of this Act.
(g) Reports of potential cases of water pollution that may be associated with high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations may be submitted electronically. The Department shall establish a format for these reports to be submitted through the website developed under Section 1-110 of this Act. The Department shall electronically provide these reports to the Agency.
(h) The Department shall publish, on its website, lists of confirmed cases of pollution or diminution that result from high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations. This information shall be searchable by county.
(i) Nothing in this Section shall prevent the Department from issuing a cessation order under Section 8a of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-22, eff. 6-17-13.)