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225 ILCS 459/10

    (225 ILCS 459/10)
    Sec. 10. Definitions. In this Act:
    "Address of record" means the principal address recorded by the Department in the applicant's or registrant's application file or registration file maintained by the Department's registration maintenance unit.
    "Applicant" means a person or entity who applies to the Department for a registration under this Act.
    "Appraisal" means (noun) the act or process of developing an opinion of value; an opinion of value (adjective) of or pertaining to appraising and related functions.
    "Appraisal firm" means an appraisal entity that is 100% owned and controlled by a person or persons licensed in Illinois as a certified general real estate appraiser or a certified residential real estate appraiser. An appraisal firm does not include an appraisal management company.
    "Appraisal management company" means any corporation, limited liability company, partnership, sole proprietorship, subsidiary, unit, or other business entity that directly or indirectly: (1) provides appraisal management services to creditors or secondary mortgage market participants, including affiliates; (2) provides appraisal management services in connection with valuing the consumer's principal dwelling as security for a consumer credit transaction (including consumer credit transactions incorporated into securitizations); and (3) any appraisal management company that, within a given 12-month period, oversees an appraiser panel of 16 or more State-certified appraisers in Illinois or 25 or more State-certified or State-licensed appraisers in 2 or more jurisdictions. "Appraisal management company" includes a hybrid entity.
    "Appraisal management company national registry fee" means the fee implemented pursuant to Title XI of the federal Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 for an appraiser management company's national registry.
    "Appraisal management services" means one or more of the following:
        (1) recruiting, selecting, and retaining appraisers;
        (2) contracting with State-certified or
State-licensed appraisers to perform appraisal assignments;
        (3) managing the process of having an appraisal
performed, including providing administrative services such as receiving appraisal orders and appraisal reports; submitting completed appraisal reports to creditors and secondary market participants; collecting compensation from creditors, underwriters, or secondary market participants for services provided; or paying appraisers for services performed; or
        (4) reviewing and verifying the work of appraisers.
    "Appraiser panel" means a network, list, or roster of licensed or certified appraisers approved by the appraisal management company or by the end-user client to perform appraisals as independent contractors for the appraisal management company. "Appraiser panel" includes both appraisers accepted by an appraisal management company for consideration for future appraisal assignments and appraisers engaged by an appraisal management company to perform one or more appraisals. For the purposes of determining the size of an appraiser panel, only independent contractors of hybrid entities shall be counted towards the appraiser panel.
    "Appraiser panel fee" means the amount collected from a registrant that, where applicable, includes an appraisal management company's national registry fee.
    "Appraisal report" means a written appraisal by an appraiser to a client.
    "Appraisal practice service" means valuation services performed by an individual acting as an appraiser, including, but not limited to, appraisal or appraisal review.
    "Appraisal subcommittee" means the appraisal subcommittee of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council as established by Title XI.
    "Appraiser" means a person who performs real estate or real property appraisals.
    "Assignment result" means an appraiser's opinions and conclusions developed specific to an assignment.
    "Audit" includes, but is not limited to, an annual or special audit, visit, or review necessary under this Act or required by the Secretary or the Secretary's authorized representative in carrying out the duties and responsibilities under this Act.
    "Client" means the party or parties who engage an appraiser by employment or contract in a specific appraisal assignment.
    "Controlling person" means:
        (1) an owner, officer, or director of an entity
seeking to offer appraisal management services;
        (2) an individual employed, appointed, or authorized
by an appraisal management company who has the authority to:
            (A) enter into a contractual relationship with a
client for the performance of an appraisal management service or appraisal practice service; and
            (B) enter into an agreement with an appraiser for
the performance of a real estate appraisal activity;
        (3) an individual who possesses, directly or
indirectly, the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of an appraisal management company; or
        (4) an individual who will act as the sole compliance
officer with regard to this Act and any rules adopted under this Act.
    "Covered transaction" means a consumer credit transaction secured by a consumer's principal dwelling.
    "Department" means the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Email address of record" means the designated email address recorded by the Department in the applicant's application file or the registrant's registration file maintained by the Department's registration maintenance unit.
    "Entity" means a corporation, a limited liability company, partnership, a sole proprietorship, or other entity providing services or holding itself out to provide services as an appraisal management company or an appraisal management service.
    "End-user client" means any person who utilizes or engages the services of an appraiser through an appraisal management company.
    "Federally regulated appraisal management company" means an appraisal management company that is owned and controlled by an insured depository institution, as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1813, or an insured credit union, as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1752, and regulated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Reserve Board, the National Credit Union Association, or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
    "Financial institution" means any bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, mortgage broker, mortgage banker, registrant under the Consumer Installment Loan Act or the Sales Finance Agency Act, or a corporate fiduciary, subsidiary, affiliate, parent company, or holding company of any registrant, or any institution involved in real estate financing that is regulated by State or federal law.
    "Foreign appraisal management company" means any appraisal management company organized under the laws of any other state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any other jurisdiction of the United States.
    "Hybrid entity" means an appraisal management company that hires an appraiser as an employee to perform an appraisal and engages an independent contractor to perform an appraisal.
    "Multi-state licensing system" means a web-based platform that allows an applicant to submit the application or registration renewal to the Department online.
    "Person" means individuals, entities, sole proprietorships, corporations, limited liability companies, and alien, foreign, or domestic partnerships, except that when the context otherwise requires, the term may refer to a single individual or other described entity.
    "Principal dwelling" means a residential structure that contains one to 4 units, whether or not that structure is attached to real property. "Principal dwelling" includes an individual condominium unit, cooperative unit, manufactured home, mobile home, and trailer, if it is used as a residence.
    "Principal office" means the actual, physical business address, which shall not be a post office box or a virtual business address, of a registrant, at which (i) the Department may contact the registrant and (ii) records required under this Act are maintained.
    "Qualified to transact business in this State" means being in compliance with the requirements of the Business Corporation Act of 1983.
    "Quality control review" means a review of an appraisal report for compliance and completeness, including grammatical, typographical, or other similar errors, unrelated to developing an opinion of value.
    "Real estate" means an identified parcel or tract of land, including any improvements.
    "Real estate related financial transaction" means any transaction involving:
        (1) the sale, lease, purchase, investment in, or
exchange of real property, including interests in property or the financing thereof;
        (2) the refinancing of real property or interests in
real property; and
        (3) the use of real property or interest in property
as security for a loan or investment, including mortgage backed securities.
    "Real property" means the interests, benefits, and rights inherent in the ownership of real estate.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "USPAP" means the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice as adopted by the Appraisal Standards Board under Title XI.
    "Valuation" means any estimate of the value of real property in connection with a creditor's decision to provide credit, including those values developed under a policy of a government sponsored enterprise or by an automated valuation model or other methodology or mechanism.
    "Written notice" means a communication transmitted by mail or by electronic means that can be verified between an appraisal management company and a licensed or certified real estate appraiser.
(Source: P.A. 102-20, eff. 1-1-22; 102-687, eff. 12-17-21.)