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(210 ILCS 50/3.90)
Trauma Center Designations.
(a) "Trauma Center" means a hospital which: (1)
within designated capabilities provides optimal care to
trauma patients; (2) participates in an approved EMS System;
and (3) is duly designated pursuant to the provisions of
this Act. Level I Trauma Centers shall provide all
essential services in-house, 24 hours per day, in accordance
with rules adopted by the Department pursuant to this Act.
Level II Trauma Centers shall have some essential services
available in-house, 24 hours per day, and other essential
services readily available, 24 hours per day, in accordance
with rules adopted by the Department pursuant to this Act.
(b) The Department shall have the authority and
(1) Establish minimum standards for designation as a
Level I or Level II Trauma Center, consistent with Sections 22 and 23 of this Act, through rules adopted pursuant to this Act;
(2) Require hospitals applying for trauma center
designation to submit a plan for designation in a manner and form prescribed by the Department through rules adopted pursuant to this Act;
(3) Upon receipt of a completed plan for designation,
conduct a site visit to inspect the hospital for compliance with the Department's minimum standards. Such visit shall be conducted by specially qualified personnel with experience in the delivery of emergency medical and/or trauma care. A report of the inspection shall be provided to the Director within 30 days of the completion of the site visit. The report shall note compliance or lack of compliance with the individual standards for designation, but shall not offer a recommendation on granting or denying designation;
(4) Designate applicant hospitals as Level I or
Level II Trauma Centers which meet the minimum standards established by this Act and the Department. Beginning September 1, 1997 the Department shall designate a new trauma center only when a local or regional need for such trauma center has been identified. The Department shall request an assessment of local or regional need from the applicable EMS Region's Trauma Center Medical Directors Committee, with advice from the Regional Trauma Advisory Committee. This shall not be construed as a needs assessment for health planning or other purposes outside of this Act;
(5) Attempt to designate trauma centers in all areas
of the State. There shall be at least one Level I Trauma Center serving each EMS Region, unless waived by the Department. This subsection shall not be construed to require a Level I Trauma Center to be located in each EMS Region. Level I Trauma Centers shall serve as resources for the Level II Trauma Centers in the EMS Regions. The extent of such relationships shall be defined in the EMS Region Plan;
(6) Inspect designated trauma centers to assure
compliance with the provisions of this Act and the rules adopted pursuant to this Act. Information received by the Department through filed reports, inspection, or as otherwise authorized under this Act shall not be disclosed publicly in such a manner as to identify individuals or hospitals, except in proceedings involving the denial, suspension or revocation of a trauma center designation or imposition of a fine on a trauma center;
(7) Renew trauma center designations every 2 years,
after an on-site inspection, based on compliance with renewal requirements and standards for continuing operation, as prescribed by the Department through rules adopted pursuant to this Act;
(8) Refuse to issue or renew a trauma center
designation, after providing an opportunity for a hearing, when findings show that it does not meet the standards and criteria prescribed by the Department;
(9) Review and determine whether a trauma center's
annual morbidity and mortality rates for trauma patients significantly exceed the State average for such rates, using a uniform recording methodology based on nationally recognized standards. Such determination shall be considered as a factor in any decision by the Department to renew or refuse to renew a trauma center designation under this Act, but shall not constitute the sole basis for refusing to renew a trauma center designation;
(10) Take the following action, as appropriate, after
determining that a trauma center is in violation of this Act or any rule adopted pursuant to this Act:
(A) If the Director determines that the violation
presents a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm will result and if the trauma center fails to eliminate the violation immediately or within a fixed period of time, not exceeding 10 days, as determined by the Director, the Director may immediately revoke the trauma center designation. The trauma center may appeal the revocation within 15 days after receiving the Director's revocation order, by requesting a hearing as provided by Section 29 of this Act. The Director shall notify the chair of the Region's Trauma Center Medical Directors Committee and EMS Medical Directors for appropriate EMS Systems of such trauma center designation revocation;
(B) If the Director determines that the violation
does not present a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm will result, the Director shall issue a notice of violation and request a plan of correction which shall be subject to the Department's approval. The trauma center shall have 10 days after receipt of the notice of violation in which to submit a plan of correction. The Department may extend this period for up to 30 days. The plan shall include a fixed time period not in excess of 90 days within which violations are to be corrected. The plan of correction and the status of its implementation by the trauma center shall be provided, as appropriate, to the EMS Medical Directors for appropriate EMS Systems. If the Department rejects a plan of correction, it shall send notice of the rejection and the reason for the rejection to the trauma center. The trauma center shall have 10 days after receipt of the notice of rejection in which to submit a modified plan. If the modified plan is not timely submitted, or if the modified plan is rejected, the trauma center shall follow an approved plan of correction imposed by the Department. If, after notice and opportunity for hearing, the Director determines that a trauma center has failed to comply with an approved plan of correction, the Director may revoke the trauma center designation. The trauma center shall have 15 days after receiving the Director's notice in which to request a hearing. Such hearing shall conform to the provisions of Section 30 of this Act;
(11) The Department may delegate authority to local
health departments in jurisdictions which include a substantial number of trauma centers. The delegated authority to those local health departments shall include, but is not limited to, the authority to designate trauma centers with final approval by the Department, maintain a regional data base with concomitant reporting of trauma registry data, and monitor, inspect and investigate trauma centers within their jurisdiction, in accordance with the requirements of this Act and the rules promulgated by the Department;
(A) The Department shall monitor the performance
of local health departments with authority delegated pursuant to this Section, based upon performance criteria established in rules promulgated by the Department;
(B) Delegated authority may be revoked for
substantial non-compliance with the Department's rules. Notice of an intent to revoke shall be served upon the local health department by certified mail, stating the reasons for revocation and offering an opportunity for an administrative hearing to contest the proposed revocation. The request for a hearing must be received by the Department within 10 working days of the local health department's receipt of notification;
(C) The director of a local health department may
relinquish its delegated authority upon 60 days written notification to the Director of Public Health.
(Source: P.A. 89-177, eff. 7-19-95.)