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(20 ILCS 3855/1-5)
Legislative declarations and findings.
The General Assembly finds and declares:
(1) The health, welfare, and prosperity of all
Illinois residents require the provision of adequate, reliable, affordable, efficient, and environmentally sustainable electric service at the lowest total cost over time, taking into account any benefits of price stability.
(1.5) To provide the highest quality of life for
the residents of Illinois and to provide for a clean and healthy environment, it is the policy of this State to rapidly transition to 100% clean energy by 2050.
(4) It is necessary to improve the process of
procuring electricity to serve Illinois residents, to promote investment in energy efficiency and demand-response measures, and to maintain and support development of clean coal technologies, generation resources that operate at all hours of the day and under all weather conditions, zero emission facilities, and renewable resources.
(5) Procuring a diverse electricity supply portfolio
will ensure the lowest total cost over time for adequate, reliable, efficient, and environmentally sustainable electric service.
(6) Including renewable resources and zero emission
credits from zero emission facilities in that portfolio will reduce long-term direct and indirect costs to consumers by decreasing environmental impacts and by avoiding or delaying the need for new generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure. Developing new renewable energy resources in Illinois, including brownfield solar projects and community solar projects, will help to diversify Illinois electricity supply, avoid and reduce pollution, reduce peak demand, and enhance public health and well-being of Illinois residents.
(7) Developing community solar projects in Illinois
will help to expand access to renewable energy resources to more Illinois residents.
(8) Developing brownfield solar projects in Illinois
will help return blighted or contaminated land to productive use while enhancing public health and the well-being of Illinois residents, including those in environmental justice communities.
(9) Energy efficiency, demand-response measures, zero
emission energy, and renewable energy are resources currently underused in Illinois. These resources should be used, when cost effective, to reduce costs to consumers, improve reliability, and improve environmental quality and public health.
(10) The State should encourage the use of advanced
clean coal technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide emissions to advance environmental protection goals and to demonstrate the viability of coal and coal-derived fuels in a carbon-constrained economy.
(10.5) The State should encourage the development of
interregional high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines that benefit Illinois. All ratepayers in the State served by the regional transmission organization where the HVDC converter station is interconnected benefit from the long-term price stability and market access provided by interregional HVDC transmission facilities. The benefits to Illinois include: reduction in wholesale power prices; access to lower-cost markets; enabling the integration of additional renewable generating units within the State through near instantaneous dispatchability and the provision of ancillary services; creating good-paying union jobs in Illinois; and, enhancing grid reliability and climate resilience via HVDC facilities that are installed underground.
(10.6) The health, welfare, and safety of the people
of the State are advanced by developing new HVDC transmission lines predominantly along transportation rights-of-way, with an HVDC converter station that is located in the service territory of a public utility as defined in Section 3-105 of the Public Utilities Act serving more than 3,000,000 retail customers, and with a project labor agreement as defined in Section 1-10 of this Act.
(11) The General Assembly enacted Public Act 96-0795
to reform the State's purchasing processes, recognizing that government procurement is susceptible to abuse if structural and procedural safeguards are not in place to ensure independence, insulation, oversight, and transparency.
(12) The principles that underlie the procurement
reform legislation apply also in the context of power purchasing.
(13) To ensure that the benefits of installing
renewable resources are available to all Illinois residents and located across the State, subject to appropriation, it is necessary for the Agency to provide public information and educational resources on how residents can benefit from the expansion of renewable energy in Illinois and participate in the Illinois Solar for All Program established in Section 1-56, the Adjustable Block program established in Section 1-75, the job training programs established by paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of Section 16-108.12 of the Public Utilities Act, and the programs and resources established by the Energy Transition Act.
The General Assembly therefore finds that it is necessary to create the Illinois Power Agency and that the goals and objectives of that Agency are to accomplish each of the following:
(A) Develop electricity procurement plans to ensure
adequate, reliable, affordable, efficient, and environmentally sustainable electric service at the lowest total cost over time, taking into account any benefits of price stability, for electric utilities that on December 31, 2005 provided electric service to at least 100,000 customers in Illinois and for small multi-jurisdictional electric utilities that (i) on December 31, 2005 served less than 100,000 customers in Illinois and (ii) request a procurement plan for their Illinois jurisdictional load. The procurement plan shall be updated on an annual basis and shall include renewable energy resources and, beginning with the delivery year commencing June 1, 2017, zero emission credits from zero emission facilities sufficient to achieve the standards specified in this Act.
(B) Conduct the competitive procurement processes
(C) Develop electric generation and co-generation
facilities that use indigenous coal or renewable resources, or both, financed with bonds issued by the Illinois Finance Authority.
(D) Supply electricity from the Agency's facilities
at cost to one or more of the following: municipal electric systems, governmental aggregators, or rural electric cooperatives in Illinois.
(E) Ensure that the process of power procurement is
conducted in an ethical and transparent fashion, immune from improper influence.
(F) Continue to review its policies and practices to
determine how best to meet its mission of providing the lowest cost power to the greatest number of people, at any given point in time, in accordance with applicable law.
(G) Operate in a structurally insulated, independent,
and transparent fashion so that nothing impedes the Agency's mission to secure power at the best prices the market will bear, provided that the Agency meets all applicable legal requirements.
(H) Implement renewable energy procurement and
training programs throughout the State to diversify Illinois electricity supply, improve reliability, avoid and reduce pollution, reduce peak demand, and enhance public health and well-being of Illinois residents, including low-income residents.
(Source: P.A. 102-662, eff. 9-15-21.)