(730 ILCS 5/3-3-14)
Procedure for medical release.
(1) As used in this Section, "medically
incapacitated" means that an inmate has any diagnosable medical condition, including dementia and severe, permanent medical or cognitive disability, that prevents the inmate from completing more than one activity of daily living without assistance or that incapacitates the inmate to the extent that institutional confinement does not offer additional restrictions, and that the condition is unlikely to improve noticeably in the future.
(2) As used in this Section, "terminal illness" means
a condition that satisfies all of the following criteria:
(i) the condition is irreversible and incurable;
(ii) in accordance with medical standards and a
reasonable degree of medical certainty, based on an individual assessment of the inmate, the condition is likely to cause death to the inmate within 18 months.
(b) The Prisoner Review Board shall consider an application for compassionate release on behalf of any inmate who meets any of the following:
(1) is suffering from a terminal illness; or
(2) has been diagnosed with a condition that will
result in medical incapacity within the next 6 months; or
(3) has become medically incapacitated subsequent to
sentencing due to illness or injury.
(c) Initial application.
(1) An initial application for medical release may be
filed with the Prisoner Review Board by an inmate, a prison official, a medical professional who has treated or diagnosed the inmate, or an inmate's spouse, parent, guardian, grandparent, aunt or uncle, sibling, child over the age of eighteen years, or attorney. If the initial application is made by someone other than the inmate, the inmate, or if the inmate is medically unable to consent, the guardian or family member designated to represent the inmate's interests must consent to the application at the time of the institutional hearing.
(2) Application materials shall be maintained on the
Prisoner Review Board's website and the Department of Corrections' website and maintained in a clearly visible place within the law library and the infirmary of every penal institution and facility operated by the Department of Corrections.
(3) The initial application need not be notarized,
can be sent via email or facsimile, and must contain the following information:
(i) the inmate's name and Illinois Department of
(ii) the inmate's diagnosis;
(iii) a statement that the inmate meets one of
the following diagnostic criteria:
(A) the inmate is suffering from a terminal
(B) the inmate has been diagnosed with a
condition that will result in medical incapacity within the next 6 months; or
(C) the inmate has become medically
incapacitated subsequent to sentencing due to illness or injury.
(4) Upon receiving the inmate's initial application,
the Board shall order the Department of Corrections to have a physician or nurse practitioner evaluate the inmate and create a written evaluation within ten days of the Board's order. The evaluation shall include but need not be limited to:
(i) a concise statement of the inmate's medical
diagnosis, including prognosis, likelihood of recovery, and primary symptoms, to include incapacitation; and
(ii) a statement confirming or denying that the
inmate meets one of the criteria stated in subsection (b) of this Section.
(d) Institutional hearing. No public institutional hearing is required for consideration of a petition, but shall be granted at the request of the petitioner. The inmate may be represented by counsel and may present witnesses to the Board members. Hearings shall be governed by the Open Parole Hearings Act.
(e) Voting procedure. Petitions shall be considered by three-member panels, and decisions shall be made by simple majority.
(f) Consideration. In considering a petition for release under the statute, the Prisoner Review Board may consider the following factors:
(i) the inmate's diagnosis and likelihood of
(ii) the approximate cost of health care to the
State should the inmate remain in custody;
(iii) the impact that the inmate's continued
incarceration may have on the provision of medical care within the Department;
(iv) the present likelihood of and ability to
pose a substantial danger to the physical safety of a specifically identifiable person or persons;
(v) any statements by the victim regarding
(vi) whether the inmate's condition was
explicitly disclosed to the original sentencing judge and taken into account at the time of sentencing.
(g) Inmates granted medical release shall be released on mandatory supervised release for a period of 5 years subject to Section 3-3-8, which shall operate to discharge any remaining term of years imposed upon him or her. However, in no event shall the eligible person serve a period of mandatory supervised release greater than the aggregate of the discharged underlying sentence and the mandatory supervised release period as set forth in Section 5-4.5-20.
(h) Within 90 days of the receipt of the initial application, the Prisoner Review Board shall conduct a hearing if a hearing is requested and render a decision granting or denying the petitioner's request for release.
(i) Nothing in this statute shall preclude a petitioner from seeking alternative forms of release, including clemency, relief from the sentencing court, post-conviction relief, or any other legal remedy.
(j) This act applies retroactively, and shall be applicable to all currently incarcerated people in Illinois.
(k) Data report. The Department of Corrections and the Prisoner Review Board shall release a report annually published on their websites that reports the following information about the Medical Release Program:
(1) The number of applications for medical release
received by the Board in the preceding year, and information about those applications, including:
(i) demographic data about the individual,
including race or ethnicity, gender, age, and institution;
(ii) the highest class of offense for which the
individual is incarcerated;
(iii) the relationship of the applicant to the
person completing the application;
(iv) whether the applicant had applied for
medical release before and been denied, and, if so, when;
(v) whether the person applied as a person who is
medically incapacitated or a person who is terminally ill; and
(vi) a basic description of the underlying
medical condition that led to the application.
(2) The number of medical statements from the
Department of Corrections received by the Board.
(3) The number of institutional hearings on medical
release applications conducted by the Board.
(4) The number of people approved for medical
release, and information about them, including:
(i) demographic data about the individual
including race or ethnicity, gender, age, and zip code to which they were released;
(ii) whether the person applied as a person who
is medically incapacitated or a person who is terminally ill;
(iii) a basic description of the underlying
medical condition that led to the application; and
(iv) a basic description of the medical setting
the person was released to.
(5) The number of people released on the medical
(6) The number of people approved for medical release
who experienced more than a one-month delay between release decision and ultimate release, including:
(i) demographic data about the individuals
including race or ethnicity, gender and age;
(ii) the reason for the delay;
(iii) whether the person remains incarcerated; and
(iv) a basic description of the underlying
medical condition of the applying person.
(7) For those individuals released on mandatory
supervised release due to a granted application for medical release:
(i) the number of individuals who were serving
terms of mandatory supervised release because of medical release applications during the previous year;
(ii) the number of individuals who had their
mandatory supervised release revoked; and
(iii) the number of individuals who died during
(8) Information on seriously ill individuals
incarcerated at the Department of Corrections, including:
(i) the number of people currently receiving
full-time one-on-one medical care or assistance with activities of daily living within Department of Corrections facilities and whether that care is provided by a medical practitioner or an inmate, along with the institutions at which they are incarcerated; and
(ii) the number of people who spent more than one
month in outside hospital care during the previous year and their home institutions.
All the information provided in this report shall be provided in aggregate, and nothing shall be
construed to require the public dissemination of any personal medical information.
(Source: P.A. 102-494, eff. 1-1-22; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22.)