(505 ILCS 80/3) (from Ch. 5, par. 55.3)
    Sec. 3. Definitions of words and terms. When used in this Act unless the context otherwise requires:
    "AAPFCO" means the Association of American Plant Food Control Officials.
    "Adulterated" shall apply to any fertilizer:
        (i) that contains any deleterious or harmful
substance, defined under the provisions of this Act or its rules or regulations, in sufficient amount to render it injurious to beneficial plant life, animals, humans, aquatic life, soil, or water when applied in accordance with directions for use on the label;
        (ii) when its composition falls below or differs from
that which it is purported to possess by its labeling;
        (iii) that contains unwanted crop seed or weed seed.
    "Anhydrous ammonia" means the compound formed by the combination of 2 gaseous elements, nitrogen and hydrogen, in the proportion of one part of nitrogen to 3 parts of hydrogen (NH3) by volume. Anhydrous ammonia is a fertilizer of ammonia gas in compressed and liquified form. It is not aqueous ammonia which is a solution of ammonia gas in water and which is considered a low-pressure nitrogen solution.
    "Blender" means any entity or system engaged in the business of blending fertilizer. This includes both mobile and fixed equipment, excluding application equipment, used to achieve this function.
    "Blending" means the physical mixing or combining of: one or more fertilizer materials and one or more filler materials; 2 or more fertilizer materials; 2 or more fertilizer materials and filler materials, including mixing through the simultaneous or sequential application of any of the outlined combinations listed in this definition, to produce a uniform mixture.
    "Brand" means a term, design, or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of fertilizers.
    "Bulk" means any fertilizer distributed in a single container greater than 100 pounds.
    "Consumer or end user" means the final purchaser prior to application.
    "Custom blend" means a fertilizer blended according to specifications provided to a blender in a soil test nutrient recommendation or to meet the specific consumer request prior to blending.
    "Custom blender" means any entity who produces and sells custom blended fertilizers.
    "Deficiency" means the amount of nutrient found by analysis less than that guaranteed that may result from a lack of nutrient ingredients or from lack of uniformity.
    "Department" means the Illinois Department of Agriculture.
    "Department rules or regulations" means any rule or regulation implemented by the Department as authorized under Section 14 of this Act.
    "Director" means the Director of Agriculture or a duly authorized representative.
    "Distribute" means to import, consign, manufacture, produce, store, transport, custom blend, compound, or blend fertilizer or to transfer from one container to another for the purpose of selling, giving away, bartering, or otherwise supplying fertilizer in this State.
    "Distributor" means any entity that distributes fertilizer.
    "Entity" means any individual, partnership, association, firm, or corporation.
    "Fertilizer" means any substance containing one or more of the recognized plant nutrient nitrogen, phosphate, potash, or those defined under 8 Ill. Adm. Code 210.20 that is used for its plant nutrient content and that is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, sea solids, marl, lime, limestone, wood ashes, and other products exempted by regulation by the Director.
    "Fertilizer material" means a fertilizer that either:
        (A) contains important quantities of no more than one
of the primary plant nutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphate (P2O5), and potash (K2O);
        (B) has 85% or more of its plant nutrient content
present in the form of a single chemical compound; or
        (C) is derived from a plant or animal residue or
by-product or natural material deposit that has been processed in such a way that its content of plant nutrients has not been materially changed except by purification and concentration.
    "Grade" means the minimum percentage of total nitrogen, available phosphate (P2O5), and soluble potash (K2O) stated in the whole numbers in the same terms, order, and percentages as in the guaranteed analysis, provided that specialty fertilizers may be guaranteed in fractional units of less than 1% of total nitrogen, available phosphate, and soluble potash and that fertilizer materials, bone meal, manures, and similar materials may be guaranteed in fractional units.
    "Guaranteed analysis" means the minimum percentages of plant nutrients claimed in the following order and form:
        A. Total Nitrogen (N)................................%
           Available Phosphate (P2O5)........................%
           Soluble Potash (K2O)..............................%
        B. For unacidulated mineral phosphatic materials and
basic slag, both total and available phosphate and the degree of fineness. For bone, tankage, and other organic phosphatic materials, total phosphate.
        C. Guarantees for plant nutrients other than
nitrogen, phosphate, and potash may be permitted or required by regulation by the Director. The guarantees for such other nutrients shall be expressed in the form of the element.
    "Investigational allowance" means an allowance for variations inherent in the taking, preparation, and analysis of an official sample of fertilizer.
    "Label" means the display of all written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container or a statement accompanying a fertilizer.
    "Labeling" means all (i) written, printed, or graphic matter upon or accompanying any fertilizer or (ii) advertisements, Internet, brochures, posters, and television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of fertilizer.
    "Lot" means an identifiable quantity of fertilizer that can be sampled according to AOAC International procedures, such as the amount contained in a single vehicle, the amount delivered under a single invoice, or in the case of bagged fertilizer, not more than 25 tons.
    "Low-pressure nitrogen solution" means a solution containing 2 per cent or more by weight of free ammonia and/or having vapor pressure of 5 pounds or more per square inch gauge at 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
    "Misbranded" shall apply to any fertilizer:
        (i) with labeling that is false or misleading in any
        (ii) that is distributed under the name of another
fertilizer product;
        (iii) that is not labeled as required by this Act or
its rules; or
        (iv) that purports to be or is represented as a
fertilizer, or is represented as containing a plant nutrient or fertilizer unless such plant nutrient or fertilizer conforms to the definition of identity, if any, prescribed by regulation.
    "Mixed fertilizer" means any combination or mixture of fertilizer materials designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth.
    "NREC" means the Nutrient Research and Education Council.
    "Official sample" means any sample of fertilizer taken by the Director or his or her agent and designated as official by the Director.
    "Per cent" or "percentage" means the percentage by weight.
    "Registrant" means the entity that registers fertilizer and obtains a license under the provisions of this Act.
    "Specialty fertilizer" means a fertilizer distributed primarily for nonfarm use, such as home gardens, lawns, shrubbery, flowers, golf courses, municipal parks, cemeteries, green houses and nurseries, and may include fertilizer used for research or experimental purposes.
    "Ton" means a net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois.
    "Unit" means 20 pounds or 1% of a ton of plant nutrient.
(Source: P.A. 97-960, eff. 8-15-12; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14.)