(105 ILCS 5/17-1)
(from Ch. 122, par. 17-1)
The board of education of each school
district under 500,000 inhabitants shall, within or before the first
quarter of each fiscal year, adopt and file with the State Board of Education an annual balanced budget which it deems
necessary to defray all necessary expenses and liabilities of the
district, and in such annual budget shall specify the objects and
purposes of each item and amount needed for each object or purpose.
The budget shall be entered upon a School District Budget form prepared
and provided by the State Board of Education and therein shall contain
a statement of the cash on hand at the
beginning of the fiscal year, an estimate of the cash expected to be
received during such fiscal year from all sources, an estimate of the
expenditures contemplated for such fiscal year, and a statement of the
estimated cash expected to be on hand at the end of such year. The
estimate of taxes to be received may be based upon the amount of actual
cash receipts that may reasonably be expected by the district during
such fiscal year, estimated from the experience of the district in prior
years and with due regard for other circumstances that may substantially
affect such receipts. Nothing in this Section shall be construed as
requiring any district to change or preventing any district from
changing from a cash basis of financing to a surplus or deficit basis of
financing; or as requiring any district to change or preventing any
district from changing its system of accounting. The budget shall conform to the requirements adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to Section 2-3.28 of this Code.
To the extent that a school district's budget is not balanced, the district shall also adopt and file with the State Board of Education a deficit reduction plan to balance the district's budget within 3 years. The deficit reduction plan must be filed at the same time as the budget, but the State Superintendent of Education may extend this deadline if the situation warrants.
If, as the result of an audit performed in compliance with Section 3-7 of this Code, the resulting Annual Financial Report required to be submitted pursuant to Section 3-15.1 of this Code reflects a deficit as defined for purposes of the preceding paragraph, then the district shall, within 30 days after acceptance of such audit report, submit a deficit reduction plan.
The board of education of each district shall fix a fiscal year
therefor. If the beginning of the fiscal year of a district is
subsequent to the time that the tax levy due to be made in such
fiscal year shall be
made, then such annual budget shall be adopted prior to the time such
tax levy shall be made.
The failure by a board of education of any district to adopt an annual
budget, or to comply in any respect with the provisions of this Section, shall
not affect the validity of any tax levy of the district otherwise in
conformity with the law. With respect to taxes levied either before, on, or
after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 91st General Assembly,
(i) a tax levy is made
for the fiscal year in which the levy is due to be made regardless of which
fiscal year the proceeds of the levy are expended or are intended to be
expended, and (ii) except as otherwise provided by law, a board of education's
an annual budget in conformity with this Section is not a prerequisite to the
adoption of a valid tax levy and is not a limit on the amount of the levy.
Such budget shall be prepared in tentative form by some person or
persons designated by the board, and in such tentative form shall be
made conveniently available to public inspection for at least 30 days
prior to final action thereon. At least 1 public hearing shall be held
as to such budget prior to final action thereon. Notice of availability
for public inspection and of such public hearing shall be given by
publication in a newspaper published in such district, at least 30 days
prior to the time of such hearing. If there is no newspaper published
in such district, notice of such public hearing shall be given by
posting notices thereof in 5 of the most public places in such district.
It shall be the duty of the secretary of such board to make such
tentative budget available to public inspection, and to arrange for such
public hearing. The board may from time to time make transfers between
the various items in any fund not exceeding in the aggregate 10% of the
total of such fund as set forth in the budget. The board may from time
to time amend such budget by the same procedure as is herein provided
for its original adoption.
Beginning July 1, 1976, the board of education, or regional
superintendent, or governing board responsible for the administration of
a joint agreement shall, by September 1 of each
fiscal year thereafter, adopt an annual budget for the joint agreement
in the same manner and subject to the same requirements as are provided
in this Section.
The State Board of Education shall exercise powers and duties
relating to budgets as provided in Section 2-3.27 of this Code and shall require school districts to submit their annual budgets, deficit reduction plans, and other financial information, including revenue and expenditure reports and borrowing and interfund transfer plans, in such form and within the timelines designated by the State Board of Education.
By fiscal year 1982 all school districts shall use the Program Budget
In the case of a school district receiving emergency State financial
assistance under Article 1B, the school board shall also be subject to the
established under Article 1B with respect to the annual budget.
(Source: P.A. 100-465, eff. 8-31-17.)