(20 ILCS 3930/7.7)
Pretrial data collection.
(a) The Administrative Director of the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall convene an oversight board to be known as the Pretrial Practices Data Oversight Board to oversee the collection and analysis of data regarding pretrial practices in circuit court systems. The Board shall include, but is not limited to, designees from the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, and other entities that possess knowledge of pretrial practices and data collection issues. Members of the Board shall serve without compensation.
(b) The Oversight Board shall:
(1) identify existing pretrial data collection
processes in local jurisdictions;
(2) define, gather and maintain records of pretrial
data relating to the topics listed in subsection (c) from circuit clerks' offices, sheriff's departments, law enforcement agencies, jails, pretrial departments, probation department, prosecutors' offices, public defenders' offices and other applicable criminal justice system agencies;
(3) identify resources necessary to systematically
collect and report data related to the topics listed in subsection (c); and
(4) develop a plan to implement data collection
processes sufficient to collect data on the topics listed in subsection (c) no later than one year after July 1, 2021 (the effective date of Public Act 101-652). The plan and, once implemented, the reports and analysis shall be published and made publicly available on the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts (AOIC) website.
(c) The Pretrial Practices Data Oversight Board shall develop a strategy to collect quarterly, county-level data on the following topics; which collection of data shall begin starting one year after July 1, 2021 (the effective date of Public Act 101-652):
(1) information on all persons arrested and charged
with misdemeanor or felony charges, or both, including information on persons released directly from law enforcement custody;
(2) information on the outcomes of pretrial
conditions and pretrial detention hearings in the county courts, including but not limited to the number of hearings held, the number of defendants detained, the number of defendants released, the number of defendants released with electronic monitoring, and, beginning January 1, 2023, information comparing detention hearing outcomes when the hearing is held in person and by two-way audio-visual communication;
(3) information regarding persons detained in the
county jail pretrial, including, but not limited to, the number of persons detained in the jail pretrial and the number detained in the jail for other reasons, the demographics of the pretrial jail population, race, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, and ethnicity, the charges including on which pretrial defendants are detained, the average length of stay of pretrial defendants;
(4) information regarding persons placed on
electronic monitoring programs pretrial, including, but not limited to, the number of participants, the demographics of the participant population, including race, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, and ethnicity, the charges on which participants are ordered to the program, and the average length of participation in the program;
(5) discharge data regarding persons detained
pretrial in the county jail, including, but not limited to, the number who are sentenced to the Illinois Department of Corrections, the number released after being sentenced to time served, the number who are released on probation, conditional discharge, or other community supervision, the number found not guilty, the number whose cases are dismissed, the number whose cases are dismissed as part of diversion or deferred prosecution program, and the number who are released pretrial after a hearing re-examining their pretrial detention;
(6) information on the pretrial rearrest of
individuals released pretrial, including the number arrested and charged with a new misdemeanor offense while released, the number arrested and charged with a new felony offense while released, and the number arrested and charged with a new forcible felony offense while released, and how long after release these arrests occurred;
(7) information on the pretrial failure to appear
rates of individuals released pretrial, including the number who missed one or more court dates, how many warrants for failures to appear were issued, and how many individuals were detained pretrial or placed on electronic monitoring pretrial after a failure to appear in court;
(8) what, if any, validated pretrial risk assessment
tools are in use in each jurisdiction, and comparisons of the pretrial release and pretrial detention decisions of judges as compared to and the risk assessment scores of individuals; and
(9) any other information the Pretrial Practices Data
Oversight Board considers important and probative of the effectiveness of pretrial practices in the State of Illinois.
(d) Circuit clerks' offices, sheriff's departments, law enforcement agencies, jails, pretrial departments, probation department, State's Attorneys' offices, public defenders' offices and other applicable criminal justice system agencies are mandated to provide data to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts as described in subsection (c).
(Source: P.A. 101-652, eff. 7-1-21; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22; 102-1104, eff. 1-1-23.)