TITLE 77: PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBCHAPTER f: EMERGENCY SERVICES AND HIGHWAY SAFETY
PART 515 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES, TRAUMA CENTER, COMPREHENSIVE STROKE CENTER, PRIMARY STROKE CENTER AND ACUTE STROKE READY HOSPITAL CODE
SECTION 515.4010 FACILITY RECOGNITION CRITERIA FOR THE STANDBY EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT APPROVED FOR PEDIATRICS (SEDP)
Section 515.4010 Facility Recognition Criteria for the Standby Emergency Department Approved for Pediatrics (SEDP)
a) Professional Staff: Physicians
A) All physicians shall have training in the care of pediatric patients through residency training, clinical training, or practice.
B) All physicians shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in the AHA-AAP PALS or the ACEP-AAP APLS. Physicians who are board certified or eligible in emergency medicine (ABEM or AOBEM) or in pediatric emergency medicine (ABP/ABEM) are excluded from this requirement. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.
2) Continuing Medical Education
All full and part-time emergency physicians caring for children in the emergency department or fast track/urgent care area shall have documentation of a minimum of 16 hours of continuing medical education (AMA Category I or II) in pediatric emergency topics every two years. CME hours shall be earned by, but not limited to, verified attendance at or participation in formal CME programs (i.e., Category I) or informal CME programs (i.e., Category II), all of which shall have pediatrics as the majority of their content. The CME may be obtained from a pediatric specific program/course or may be a pediatric lecture/presentation from a workshop/conference. To meet Category II, teaching time needs to have undergone review and received approval by a university/hospital as Category II CME. The Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation can provide guidance related to criteria for acceptable Category I or II credit.
At least one physician meeting the requirements of subsection (a)(1), or a nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, or PA meeting the requirements of subsection (b)(1), shall be on duty in the emergency department 24 hours a day or immediately available in person. A policy shall define when a physician is to be consulted orcalled in at times when the emergency department is covered by one of these clinicians.
Telephone consultation with a physician who is board certified or eligible in pediatrics or pediatric emergency medicine shall be available 24 hours a day. Consultation may be with an on-call physician or in accordance with Appendix M.
5) Physician, Nurse Practitioner, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Physician Assistant Backup
A backup physician, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, or PA whose qualifications and training are equivalent to that required by subsections (a) and (b) shall be available in person to the SEDP, within one hour after notification, to assist with critical situations, increased surge capacity or disasters.
6) On-Call Physicians
Guidelines shall address response time for on-call physicians.
b) Professional Staff: Nurse Practitioner, Clinical Nurse Specialist and Physician Assistant
This subsection (b) pertains to nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, and PAs working within their scope of practice, and credentialed as defined by the hospital.
A) Nurse practitioners shall:
i) Successfully Complete a Nurse Practitioner Program with a Focus on the Pediatric Patient. The following are programs that qualify as focused on pediatric patients: acute care pediatric nurse practitioner program, primary care pediatric nurse practitioner program, pediatric critical care nurse practitioner program, emergency nurse practitioner program, or family practice nurse practitioner program; or
ii) Alternate Criteria: The nurse practitioner worked in the emergency department prior to January 1, 2018 and has completed at least 2000 hours of hospital-based emergency department experience or acute care experience as a nurse practitioner over the last 24-month period that includes the care of pediatric patients. This must be certified in writing by the hospitals at which the hours were completed.
iii) Current Illinois APRN license. For out-of-state facilities with Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma, or pediatric program, the nurse practitioner shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.
iv) Credentialing that reflects orientation, ongoing training and specific competencies in the care of the pediatric emergency patient, as defined by the hospital credentialing process.
B) Clinical nurse specialists shall:
i) Complete a clinical nurse specialist program that includes pediatrics;
ii) Maintain pediatric clinical nurse specialist certification through a nationally recognized organization (American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN), American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), or an equivalent national organization);
iii) Hold a current Illinois APRN license. For out-of-state facilities with Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma, or pediatric program, the clinical nurse specialist shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices; and
iv) Provide credentialing that reflects orientation, ongoing training, and specific competencies in the care of the pediatric emergency patient, as defined by the hospital credentialing process.
C) Physician Assistants shall:
i) Hold a current Illinois Physician Assistant License. For out-of-state facilities with Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma, or pediatric program, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.
ii) Provide credentialing that reflects orientation, ongoing training and specific competencies in the care of the pediatric emergency patient as defined by the hospital credentialing process.
2) Continuing Education
A) All full- and part-time nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, and PAs caring for children in the emergency department shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS, the ACEP-AAP APLS or the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) Emergency Nursing Pediatric Course (ENPC). PALS, APLS and ENPC shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.
B) All full- and part-time nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, and PAs caring for children in the emergency department and fast track/urgent care area shall have documentation of a minimum of 16 hours of continuing education in pediatric emergency topics every two years that are approved by an accrediting agency.
c) Professional Staff: Nursing
At least one RN on duty each shift who is responsible for the direct care of the child in the emergency department shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses in pediatric emergency care:
A) AHA-AAP PALS;
B) ACEP-AAP APLS; or
C) ENA ENPC.
2) Continuing Education
At least one RN on duty on each shift who is responsible for the direct care of the child in the emergency department shall have documentation of a minimum of eight hours of pediatric emergency or critical care continuing education every two years. Continuing education may include, but is not limited to, PALS, APLS or ENPC; CEU offerings; case presentations; competency testing; teaching courses related to pediatrics; and publications. The continuing education hours may be integrated with other existing continuing education requirements, provided that the content is pediatric specific. PALS, APLS and ENPC shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.
d) Policies and Procedures
1) Inter-facility Transfer
A) The hospital shall have current written transfer agreements that cover pediatric patients. The transfer agreements shall include a provision that addresses communication and quality improvement measures between the referral and receiving hospitals, as related to patient stabilization, treatment prior to and subsequent to transfer, and patient outcome.
B) The hospital shall have written pediatric inter-facility transfer guidelines, policies, or procedures concerning transfer of critically ill and injured patients, which include a defined process for initiation of transfer, including the roles and responsibilities of the referring hospital and referral center; a process for selecting the appropriate care facility; a process for selecting the appropriately staffed transport service to match the patient's acuity level; a process for patient transfer (including obtaining informed consent); a plan for transfer of patient medical record information, signed transport consent, and belongings; and a plan for provision of referral hospital information to family. Incorporating the components of Appendix M into the emergency department transfer policy/procedure will meet this requirement.
2) Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect
The hospital shall have policies/procedures addressing child abuse and neglect. These policies/procedures shall include, but not be limited to: the identification (including screening), evaluation, treatment and referral to DCFS of victims of suspected child abuse and neglect in accordance with State law.
3) Emergency Department Treatment Guidelines
The hospital shall have emergency department pediatric specific treatment guidelines, order sets or policies and procedures addressing initial assessment and management for its high-volume and high-risk pediatric population (i.e., fever, trauma, respiratory distress, seizures).
4) Latex-Allergy Policy
The hospital shall have a policy addressing the assessment of latex allergies and the availability of latex-free equipment and supplies.
5) Disaster Preparedness
The hospital shall integrate pediatric components into its Disaster Plan or Emergency Operations Plan.
e) Quality Improvement
1) Multidisciplinary Quality Activities Policy
A) Pediatric emergency medical care shall be included in the SEDP's emergency department or section QI program and reported to the hospital Quality Committee.
B) Multidisciplinary quality improvement processes/ activities shall be established (e.g., committee).
C) Quality monitors shall be documented that address pediatric care within the emergency department, with identified clinical indicators, monitor tools, defined outcomes for care, feedback loop processes and target timeframes for closure of issues. These activities shall include children from birth up to and including 15 years of age and shall consist of, but are not limited to, all emergency department:
i) Pediatric deaths;
ii) Pediatric inter-facility transfers;
iii) Child abuse and neglect cases;
iv) Critically ill or injured children in need of stabilization (e.g., respiratory failure, sepsis, shock, altered level of consciousness, cardio/pulmonary failure; and
v) Pediatric quality and safety priorities of the institution.
D) All information contained in or relating to any medical audit/quality improvement monitor performed of a PCCC's, EDAP's or SEDP's pediatric services pursuant to this Section shall be afforded the same status as is provided information concerning medical studies in Article VIII, Part 21 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (Section 3.110(a) of the Act)
2) Pediatric Physician Champion
The emergency department medical director shall appoint a physician to champion pediatric quality improvement activities. The pediatric physician champion shall work with and provide support to the pediatric quality coordinator.
3) Pediatric Quality Coordinator
A member of the professional staff who has ongoing involvement in the care of pediatric patients shall be designated to serve in the role of the pediatric quality coordinator. The pediatric quality coordinator shall have a job description that includes the allocation of appropriate time and resources by the hospital. This individual may be employed in an area other than the emergency department provided he or she has a minimum of 3600 hours of pediatric critical care experience or emergency department experience. Working with the pediatric physician champion, the responsibilities of the pediatric quality coordinator shall include:
A) Working in conjunction with the ED nurse manager and ED medical director to ensure compliance with and documentation of the pediatric continuing education of all emergency department professional staff in accordance with subsections (a), (b) and (c).
B) Coordinating data collection for identified clinical indicators and outcomes (see subsection (e)(1)(C)).
C) Reviewing selected pediatric cases transported to the hospital by pre-hospital providers and providing feedback to the EMS Coordinator/System.
D) Participating in regional QI activities, including preparing a written QI report and attending the Regional QI subcommittee meetings. These activities shall be supported by the hospital. One representative from the Regional QI subcommittee shall report to the EMS Regional Advisory Board.
E) Providing QI information to the Department upon request. (See Section 3.110(a) of the Act.)
f) Equipment, Trays, and Supplies
See Appendix L.
(Source: Amended at 44 Ill. Reg. 15619, effective September 4, 2020)