TITLE 77: PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBCHAPTER c: LONG-TERM CARE FACILITIES
PART 300 SKILLED NURSING AND INTERMEDIATE CARE FACILITIES CODE
SECTION 300.1210 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NURSING AND PERSONAL CARE
Section 300.1210 General Requirements for Nursing and Personal Care
a) Comprehensive Resident Care Plan. A facility, with the participation of the resident and the resident's guardian or representative, as applicable, must develop and implement a comprehensive care plan for each resident that includes measurable objectives and timetables to meet the resident's medical, nursing, and mental and psychosocial needs that are identified in the resident's comprehensive assessment, which allow the resident to attain or maintain the highest practicable level of independent functioning, and provide for discharge planning to the least restrictive setting based on the resident's care needs. The assessment shall be developed with the active participation of the resident and the resident's guardian or representative, as applicable. (Section 3-202.2a of the Act)
b) The facility shall provide the necessary care and services to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychological well-being of the resident, in accordance with each resident's comprehensive resident care plan. Adequate and properly supervised nursing care and personal care shall be provided to each resident to meet the total nursing and personal care needs of the resident. Restorative measures shall include, at a minimum, the following procedures:
1) The licensed nurse in charge of the restorative/rehabilitative nursing program shall have successfully completed a course or other training program that includes at least 60 hours of classroom/lab training in restorative/rehabilitative nursing as evidenced by a transcript, certificate, diploma, or other written documentation from an accredited school or recognized accrediting agency such as a State or National organization of nurses or a State licensing authority. Such training shall address each of the measures outlined in subsections (b)(2) through (5) of this Section. This person may be the Director of Nursing, Assistant Director of Nursing or another nurse designated by the Director of Nursing to be in charge of the restorative/rehabilitative nursing program.
2) All nursing personnel shall assist and encourage residents so that a resident who enters the facility without a limited range of motion does not experience reduction in range of motion unless the resident's clinical condition demonstrates that a reduction in range of motion is unavoidable. All nursing personnel shall assist and encourage residents so that a resident with a limited range of motion receives appropriate treatment and services to increase range of motion and/or to prevent further decrease in range of motion.
3) All nursing personnel shall assist and encourage residents so that a resident who is incontinent of bowel and/or bladder receives the appropriate treatment and services to prevent urinary tract infections and to restore as much normal bladder function as possible. All nursing personnel shall assist residents so that a resident who enters the facility without an indwelling catheter is not catheterized unless the resident's clinical condition demonstrates that catheterization was necessary.
4) All nursing personnel shall assist and encourage residents so that a resident's abilities in activities of daily living do not diminish unless circumstances of the individual's clinical condition demonstrate that diminution was unavoidable. This includes the resident's abilities to bathe, dress, and groom; transfer and ambulate; toilet; eat; and use speech, language, or other functional communication systems. A resident who is unable to carry out activities of daily living shall receive the services necessary to maintain good nutrition, grooming, and personal hygiene.
5) All nursing personnel shall assist and encourage residents with ambulation and safe transfer activities as often as necessary in an effort to help them retain or maintain their highest practicable level of functioning.
c) Each direct care-giving staff shall review and be knowledgeable about his or her residents' respective resident care plan.
d) Pursuant to subsection (a), general nursing care shall include, at a minimum, the following and shall be practiced on a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week basis:
1) Medications, including oral, rectal, hypodermic, intravenous and intramuscular, shall be properly administered.
2) All treatments and procedures shall be administered as ordered by the physician.
3) Objective observations of changes in a resident's condition, including mental and emotional changes, as a means for analyzing and determining care required and the need for further medical evaluation and treatment shall be made by nursing staff and recorded in the resident's medical record.
4) Personal care shall be provided on a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week basis. This shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
A) Each resident shall have proper daily personal attention, including skin, nails, hair, and oral hygiene, in addition to treatment ordered by the physician.
B) Each resident shall have at least one complete bath and hair wash weekly and as many additional baths and hair washes as necessary for satisfactory personal hygiene.
C) Each resident shall have clean, suitable clothing in order to be comfortable, sanitary, free of odors, and decent in appearance. Unless otherwise indicated by his/her physician, this should be street clothes and shoes.
D) Each resident shall have clean bed linens at least once weekly and more often if necessary.
5) A regular program to prevent and treat pressure sores, heat rashes or other skin breakdown shall be practiced on a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week basis so that a resident who enters the facility without pressure sores does not develop pressure sores unless the individual's clinical condition demonstrates that the pressure sores were unavoidable. A resident having pressure sores shall receive treatment and services to promote healing, prevent infection, and prevent new pressure sores from developing.
6) All necessary precautions shall be taken to assure that the residents' environment remains as free of accident hazards as possible. All nursing personnel shall evaluate residents to see that each resident receives adequate supervision and assistance to prevent accidents.
(Source: Amended at 35 Ill. Reg. 11419, effective June 29, 2011)