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Public Act 91-0330
HB2204 Enrolled LRB9105133JSpcA
AN ACT concerning the regulation of financial
institutions, amending a named Act.
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
Section 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
Banking on Illinois Act.
Section 5. Findings and declarations of policy. The
General Assembly hereby finds and declares:
(1) that the economic strength and general welfare
of Illinois depends on a strong, profitable, and
competitive banking industry in this State that preserves
and creates employment, increases credit availability,
attracts capital, and expands the savings base for the
citizens of this State;
(2) that the removal of geographic restrictions in
the federal banking laws and in the laws of the 50 states
has given rise to a substantial number of newly created
community banks and interstate bank mergers requiring the
selection of main office locations and relocations;
(3) that by ensuring a favorable environment for
banks to commence and operate their businesses from this
State, more newly created community banks and merging
banks will choose to maintain or retain their
headquarters in and relocate their main banking offices
to Illinois; and
(4) that preserving and increasing the number of
bank headquarters and main banking offices within
Illinois will substantially increase employment
opportunities, credit availability, and capital
investment in this State, while strengthening the savings
base of this State, thereby providing significant
benefits to all Illinois citizens, to commercial and
agricultural businesses of all sizes in this State, and
to all local governments and political subdivisions of
Section 10. Purpose. The purpose of this Act is to
encourage and provide a favorable environment in Illinois for
the chartering and operating of banks that locate and
maintain main banking offices in this State.
Section 15. Application of Illinois law.
(a) To further the purpose and policies of this Act, the
provisions of the following Acts shall be liberally
(1) the Illinois Banking Act; and
(2) the Foreign Banking Office Act.
(b) Subsection (a) of this Section shall not be applied
in a manner that will adversely affect the safety and
soundness of a bank.
Section 95. The Illinois Banking Act is amended by
changing Sections 5, 5e, and 48.1 as follows:
(205 ILCS 5/5) (from Ch. 17, par. 311)
Sec. 5. General corporate powers. A bank organized
under this Act or subject hereto shall be a body corporate
and politic and shall, without specific mention thereof in
the charter, have all the powers conferred by this Act and
the following additional general corporate powers:
(1) To sue and be sued, complain, and defend in its
(2) To have a corporate seal, which may be altered at
pleasure, and to use the same by causing it or a facsimile
thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any manner
reproduced, provided that the affixing of a corporate seal to
an instrument shall not give the instrument additional force
or effect, or change the construction thereof, and the use of
a corporate seal is not mandatory.
(3) To make, alter, amend, and repeal bylaws, not
inconsistent with its charter or with law, for the
administration of the affairs of the bank. If this Act does
not provide specific guidance in matters of corporate
governance, the provisions of the Business Corporation Act of
1983 may be used if so provided in the bylaws.
(4) To elect or appoint and remove officers and agents
of the bank and define their duties and fix their
(5) To adopt and operate reasonable bonus plans,
profit-sharing plans, stock-bonus plans, stock-option plans,
pension plans and similar incentive plans for its directors,
officers and employees.
(5.1) To manage, operate and administer a fund for the
investment of funds by a public agency or agencies, including
any unit of local government or school district, or any
person. The fund for a public agency shall invest in the
same type of investments and be subject to the same
limitations provided for the investment of public funds. The
fund for public agencies shall maintain a separate ledger
showing the amount of investment for each public agency in
the fund. "Public funds" and "public agency" as used in this
Section shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 1
of the Public Funds Investment Act.
(6) To make reasonable donations for the public welfare
or for charitable, scientific, religious or educational
(7) To borrow or incur an obligation; and to pledge its
(a) to secure its borrowings, its lease of personal
or real property or its other nondeposit obligations;
(b) to enable it to act as agent for the sale of
obligations of the United States;
(c) to secure deposits of public money of the
United States, whenever required by the laws of the
United States, including without being limited to,
revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the
control or regulation of the United States or any of its
officers, agents, or employees and Postal Savings funds;
(d) to secure deposits of public money of any state
or of any political corporation or subdivision thereof
including, without being limited to, revenues and funds
the deposit of which is subject to the control or
regulation of any state or of any political corporation
or subdivisions thereof or of any of their officers,
agents, or employees;
(e) to secure deposits of money whenever required
by the National Bankruptcy Act;
(f) (blank); and
(g) to secure trust funds commingled with the
bank's funds, whether deposited by the bank or an
affiliate of the bank, pursuant to Section 2-8 of the
Corporate Fiduciary Act.
(8) To own, possess, and carry as assets all or part of
the real estate necessary in or with which to do its banking
business, either directly or indirectly through the ownership
of all or part of the capital stock, shares or interests in
any corporation, association, trust engaged in holding any
part or parts or all of the bank premises, engaged in such
business and in conducting a safe deposit business in the
premises or part of them, or engaged in any activity that the
bank is permitted to conduct in a subsidiary pursuant to
paragraph (12) of this Section 5.
(9) To own, possess, and carry as assets other real
estate to which it may obtain title in the collection of its
debts or that was formerly used as a part of the bank
premises, but title to any real estate except as herein
permitted shall not be retained by the bank, either directly
or by or through a subsidiary, as permitted by subsection
(12) of this Section for a total period of more than 10 years
after acquiring title, either directly or indirectly.
(10) To do any act, including the acquisition of stock,
necessary to obtain insurance of its deposits, or part
thereof, and any act necessary to obtain a guaranty, in whole
or in part, of any of its loans or investments by the United
States or any agency thereof, and any act necessary to sell
or otherwise dispose of any of its loans or investments to
the United States or any agency thereof, and to acquire and
hold membership in the Federal Reserve System.
(11) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act or
any other law, to do any act and to own, possess, and carry
as assets property of the character, including stock, that is
at the time authorized or permitted to national banks by an
Act of Congress, but subject always to the same limitations
and restrictions as are applicable to national banks by the
pertinent federal law and subject to applicable provisions of
the Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law.
(12) To own, possess, and carry as assets stock of one
or more corporations that is, or are, engaged in one or more
of the following businesses:
(a) holding title to and administering assets
acquired as a result of the collection or liquidating of
loans, investments, or discounts; or
(b) holding title to and administering personal
property acquired by the bank, directly or indirectly
through a subsidiary, for the purpose of leasing to
others, provided the lease or leases and the investment
of the bank, directly or through a subsidiary, in that
personal property otherwise comply with Section 35.1 of
this Act; or
(c) carrying on or administering any of the
activities excepting the receipt of deposits or the
payment of checks or other orders for the payment of
money in which a bank may engage in carrying on its
general banking business; provided, however, that nothing
contained in this paragraph (c) shall be deemed to permit
a bank organized under this Act or subject hereto to do,
either directly or indirectly through any subsidiary, any
act, including the making of any loan or investment, or
to own, possess, or carry as assets any property that if
done by or owned, possessed, or carried by the State bank
would be in violation of or prohibited by any provision
of this Act.
The provisions of this subsection (12) shall not apply to
and shall not be deemed to limit the powers of a State bank
with respect to the ownership, possession, and carrying of
stock that a State bank is permitted to own, possess, or
carry under this Act.
Any bank intending to establish a subsidiary under this
subsection (12) shall give written notice to the Commissioner
60 days prior to the subsidiary's commencing of business or,
as the case may be, prior to acquiring stock in a corporation
that has already commenced business. After receiving the
notice, the Commissioner may waive or reduce the balance of
the 60 day notice period. The Commissioner may specify the
form of the notice and may promulgate rules and regulations
to administer this subsection (12).
(13) To accept for payment at a future date not
exceeding one year from the date of acceptance, drafts drawn
upon it by its customers; and to issue, advise, or confirm
letters of credit authorizing the holders thereof to draw
drafts upon it or its correspondents.
(14) To own and lease personal property acquired by the
bank at the request of a prospective lessee and upon the
agreement of that person to lease the personal property
provided that the lease, the agreement with respect thereto,
and the amount of the investment of the bank in the property
comply with Section 35.1 of this Act.
(15) (a) To establish and maintain, in addition to the
main banking premises, branches offering any banking services
permitted at the main banking premises of a State bank.
(b) To establish and maintain, after May 31, 1997,
branches in another state that may conduct any activity in
that state that is authorized or permitted for any bank that
has a banking charter issued by that state, subject to the
same limitations and restrictions that are applicable to
banks chartered by that state.
(17) To establish and maintain terminals, as authorized
by the Electronic Fund Transfer Act.
(18) To establish and maintain temporary service booths
at any International Fair held in this State which is
approved by the United States Department of Commerce, for the
duration of the international fair for the sole purpose of
providing a convenient place for foreign trade customers at
the fair to exchange their home countries' currency into
United States currency or the converse. This power shall not
be construed as establishing a new place or change of
location for the bank providing the service booth.
(19) To indemnify its officers, directors, employees,
and agents, as authorized for corporations under Section 8.75
of the Business Corporation Act of 1983.
(20) To own, possess, and carry as assets stock of, or
be or become a member of, any corporation, mutual company,
association, trust, or other entity formed exclusively for
the purpose of providing directors' and officers' liability
and bankers' blanket bond insurance or reinsurance to and for
the benefit of the stockholders, members, or beneficiaries,
or their assets or businesses, or their officers, directors,
employees, or agents, and not to or for the benefit of any
other person or entity or the public generally.
(21) To make debt or equity investments in corporations
or projects, whether for profit or not for profit, designed
to promote the development of the community and its welfare,
provided that the aggregate investment in all of these
corporations and in all of these projects does not exceed 10%
of the unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus of the bank
and provided that this limitation shall not apply to
creditworthy loans by the bank to those corporations or
projects. Upon written application to the Commissioner, a
bank may make an investment that would, when aggregated with
all other such investments, exceed 10% of the unimpaired
capital and unimpaired surplus of the bank. The Commissioner
may approve the investment if he is of the opinion and finds
that the proposed investment will not have a material adverse
effect on the safety and soundness of the bank.
(22) To own, possess, and carry as assets the stock of a
corporation engaged in the ownership or operation of a travel
agency or to operate a travel agency as a part of its
business, provided that the bank either owned, possessed, and
carried as assets the stock of such a corporation or operated
a travel agency as part of its business before July 1, 1991.
(23) With respect to affiliate facilities:
(a) to conduct at affiliate facilities any of the
following transactions for and on behalf of another
commonly owned bank, if so authorized by the other bank:
receiving deposits; cashing and issuing checks, drafts,
and money orders; changing money; and receiving payments
on existing indebtedness; and
(b) to authorize a commonly owned bank to conduct
for and on behalf of it any of the transactions listed in
this paragraph (23) at one or more affiliate facilities.
Any bank intending to conduct or to authorize a commonly
owned bank to conduct at an affiliate facility any of the
transactions specified in this paragraph (23) shall give
written notice to the Commissioner at least 30 days before
any such transaction is conducted at the affiliate facility.
(24) To act as the agent for any fire, life, or other
insurance company authorized by the State of Illinois, by
soliciting and selling insurance and collecting premiums on
policies issued by such company; and to receive for services
so rendered such fees or commissions as may be agreed upon
between the bank and the insurance company for which it may
act as agent; provided, however, that no such bank shall in
any case assume or guarantee the payment of any premium on
insurance policies issued through its agency by its
principal; and provided further, that the bank shall not
guarantee the truth of any statement made by an assured in
filing his application for insurance.
(25) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act or
any other law, to offer any product or service that is at the
time authorized or permitted to any insured savings
association or out-of-state bank by applicable law, provided
that powers conferred only by this subsection (25):
(a) shall always be subject to the same limitations
and restrictions that are applicable to the insured
savings association or out-of-state bank for the product
or service by such applicable law;
(b) shall be subject to applicable provisions of
the Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law;
(c) shall not include the right to own or conduct a
real estate brokerage business for which a license would
be required under the laws of this State; and
(d) shall not be construed to include the
establishment or maintenance of a branch, nor shall they
be construed to limit the establishment or maintenance of
a branch pursuant to subsection (11).
(Source: P.A. 89-208, eff. 9-29-95; 89-310, eff. 1-1-96;
89-364, eff. 8-18-95; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96; 90-41, eff.
10-1-97; 90-301, eff. 8-1-97; 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 90-665,
(205 ILCS 5/5e)
Sec. 5e. Lending and account authority.
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law in
connection with extensions of credit, a State bank may elect
to contract for and receive interest, fees, and other charges
for extensions of credit subject only to the provisions of
subsection (1) of Section 4 of the Interest Act, except for
extensions of credit secured by residential real estate,
which shall be subject to the laws applicable thereto.
(b) The establishment of account service charges and the
amounts of the charges not otherwise limited or prescribed by
law is a business decision to be made by a bank according to
prudent business judgment and safe and sound operating
standards. In establishing account service charges, the bank
may consider, but is not limited to considering, the costs
incurred by the bank, plus a profit margin, for providing the
service, the deterrence of misuse of the bank's services, the
establishment of the competitive position of the bank in
accordance with the bank's marketing strategy, and the
maintenance of the safety and soundness of the bank.
(Source: P.A. 89-603, eff. 8-2-96.)
(205 ILCS 5/48.1) (from Ch. 17, par. 360)
Sec. 48.1. Customer financial records; confidentiality.
(a) For the purpose of this Section, the term "financial
records" means any original, any copy, or any summary of:
(1) a document granting signature authority over a
deposit or account;
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(2) a statement, ledger card or other record on any
deposit or account, which shows each transaction in or
with respect to that account; ,
(3) a check, draft or money order drawn on a bank
or issued and payable by a bank; , or
(4) any other item containing information
pertaining to any relationship established in the
ordinary course of a bank's business between a bank and
its customer, including financial statements or other
financial information provided by the customer.
(b) This Section does not prohibit:
(1) The preparation, examination, handling or
maintenance of any financial records by any officer,
employee or agent of a bank having custody of the
records, or the examination of the records by a certified
public accountant engaged by the bank to perform an
(2) The examination of any financial records by, or
the furnishing of financial records by a bank to, any
officer, employee or agent of (i) the Commissioner of
Banks and Real Estate, (ii) after May 31, 1997, a state
regulatory authority authorized to examine a branch of a
State bank located in another state, (iii) the
Comptroller of the Currency, (iv) the Federal Reserve
Board, or (v) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
for use solely in the exercise of his duties as an
officer, employee, or agent.
(3) The publication of data furnished from
financial records relating to customers where the data
cannot be identified to any particular customer or
(4) The making of reports or returns required under
Chapter 61 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
(5) Furnishing information concerning the dishonor
of any negotiable instrument permitted to be disclosed
under the Uniform Commercial Code.
(6) The exchange in the regular course of business
of (i) credit information between a bank and other banks
or financial institutions or commercial enterprises,
directly or through a consumer reporting agency or (ii)
financial records or information derived from financial
records between a bank and other banks or financial
institutions or commercial enterprises for the purpose of
conducting due diligence pursuant to a purchase or sale
involving the bank or assets or liabilities of the bank.
(7) The furnishing of information to the
appropriate law enforcement authorities where the bank
reasonably believes it has been the victim of a crime.
(8) The furnishing of information under the Uniform
Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act.
(9) The furnishing of information under the
Illinois Income Tax Act and the Illinois Estate and
Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax Act.
(10) The furnishing of information under the
federal Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act
Title 31, United States Code, Section 1051 et seq.
(11) The furnishing of information under any other
statute that by its terms or by regulations promulgated
thereunder requires the disclosure of financial records
other than by subpoena, summons, warrant, or court order.
(12) The furnishing of information about the
existence of an account of a person to a judgment
creditor of that person who has made a written request
for that information.
(13) The exchange in the regular course of business
of information between commonly owned banks in connection
with a transaction authorized under paragraph (23) of
Section 5 and conducted at an affiliate facility.
(14) The furnishing of information in accordance
with the federal Personal Responsibility and Work
Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Any bank governed
by this Act shall enter into an agreement for data
exchanges with a State agency provided the State agency
pays to the bank a reasonable fee not to exceed its
actual cost incurred. A bank providing information in
accordance with this item shall not be liable to any
account holder or other person for any disclosure of
information to a State agency, for encumbering or
surrendering any assets held by the bank in response to a
lien or order to withhold and deliver issued by a State
agency, or for any other action taken pursuant to this
item, including individual or mechanical errors, provided
the action does not constitute gross negligence or
willful misconduct. A bank shall have no obligation to
hold, encumber, or surrender assets until it has been
served with a subpoena, summons, warrant, court or
administrative order, lien, or levy.
(15) The exchange in the regular course of business
of information between a bank and any commonly owned
affiliate of the bank, subject to the provisions of the
Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law.
(c) Except as otherwise provided by this Act, a bank may
not disclose to any person, except to the customer or his
duly authorized agent, any financial records or financial
information obtained from financial records relating to that
customer of that bank unless:
(1) the customer has authorized disclosure to the
(2) the financial records are disclosed in response
to a lawful subpoena, summons, warrant or court order
which meets the requirements of subsection (d) of this
(3) the bank is attempting to collect an obligation
owed to the bank and the bank complies with the
provisions of Section 2I of the Consumer Fraud and
Deceptive Business Practices Act.
(d) A bank shall disclose financial records under
paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of this Section under a
lawful subpoena, summons, warrant, or court order only after
the bank mails a copy of the subpoena, summons, warrant, or
court order to the person establishing the relationship with
the bank, if living, and, otherwise his personal
representative, if known, at his last known address by first
class mail, postage prepaid, unless the bank is specifically
prohibited from notifying the person by order of court or by
applicable State or federal law. A bank shall not mail a
copy of a subpoena to any person pursuant to this subsection
if the subpoena was issued by a grand jury under the
Statewide Grand Jury Act.
(e) Any officer or employee of a bank who knowingly and
willfully furnishes financial records in violation of this
Section is guilty of a business offense and, upon conviction,
shall be fined not more than $1,000.
(f) Any person who knowingly and willfully induces or
attempts to induce any officer or employee of a bank to
disclose financial records in violation of this Section is
guilty of a business offense and, upon conviction, shall be
fined not more than $1,000.
(g) A bank shall be reimbursed for costs that are
reasonably necessary and that have been directly incurred in
searching for, reproducing, or transporting books, papers,
records, or other data of a customer required or requested to
be produced pursuant to a lawful subpoena, summons, warrant,
or court order. The Commissioner shall determine the rates
and conditions under which payment may be made.
(Source: P.A. 89-208, eff. 9-29-95; 89-364, eff. 8-18-95;
89-508, eff. 7-3-96; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96; 90-18, eff. 7-1-97;
90-665, eff. 7-30-98.)
Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon