Illinois General Assembly

Previous General Assemblies

Public Act 096-0086


 

Public Act 0086 96TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY



 


 
Public Act 096-0086
 
HB2281 Enrolled LRB096 09107 RLC 19250 b

    AN ACT concerning criminal law.
 
    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
 
    Section 5. The Unified Code of Corrections is amended by
changing Section 5-4-1 as follows:
 
    (730 ILCS 5/5-4-1)  (from Ch. 38, par. 1005-4-1)
    Sec. 5-4-1. Sentencing Hearing.
    (a) Except when the death penalty is sought under hearing
procedures otherwise specified, after a determination of
guilt, a hearing shall be held to impose the sentence. However,
prior to the imposition of sentence on an individual being
sentenced for an offense based upon a charge for a violation of
Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar
provision of a local ordinance, the individual must undergo a
professional evaluation to determine if an alcohol or other
drug abuse problem exists and the extent of such a problem.
Programs conducting these evaluations shall be licensed by the
Department of Human Services. However, if the individual is not
a resident of Illinois, the court may, in its discretion,
accept an evaluation from a program in the state of such
individual's residence. The court may in its sentencing order
approve an eligible defendant for placement in a Department of
Corrections impact incarceration program as provided in
Section 5-8-1.1 or 5-8-1.3. The court may in its sentencing
order recommend a defendant for placement in a Department of
Corrections substance abuse treatment program as provided in
paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of Section 3-2-2 conditioned
upon the defendant being accepted in a program by the
Department of Corrections. At the hearing the court shall:
        (1) consider the evidence, if any, received upon the
    trial;
        (2) consider any presentence reports;
        (3) consider the financial impact of incarceration
    based on the financial impact statement filed with the
    clerk of the court by the Department of Corrections;
        (4) consider evidence and information offered by the
    parties in aggravation and mitigation;
        (4.5) consider substance abuse treatment, eligibility
    screening, and an assessment, if any, of the defendant by
    an agent designated by the State of Illinois to provide
    assessment services for the Illinois courts;
        (5) hear arguments as to sentencing alternatives;
        (6) afford the defendant the opportunity to make a
    statement in his own behalf;
        (7) afford the victim of a violent crime or a violation
    of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a
    similar provision of a local ordinance, or a qualified
    individual affected by: (i) a violation of Section 405,
    405.1, 405.2, or 407 of the Illinois Controlled Substances
    Act or a violation of Section 55 or Section 65 of the
    Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or
    (ii) a Class 4 felony violation of Section 11-14, 11-15,
    11-17, 11-18, 11-18.1, or 11-19 of the Criminal Code of
    1961, committed by the defendant the opportunity to make a
    statement concerning the impact on the victim and to offer
    evidence in aggravation or mitigation; provided that the
    statement and evidence offered in aggravation or
    mitigation must first be prepared in writing in conjunction
    with the State's Attorney before it may be presented orally
    at the hearing. Any sworn testimony offered by the victim
    is subject to the defendant's right to cross-examine. All
    statements and evidence offered under this paragraph (7)
    shall become part of the record of the court. For the
    purpose of this paragraph (7), "qualified individual"
    means any person who (i) lived or worked within the
    territorial jurisdiction where the offense took place when
    the offense took place; and (ii) is familiar with various
    public places within the territorial jurisdiction where
    the offense took place when the offense took place. For the
    purposes of this paragraph (7), "qualified individual"
    includes any peace officer, or any member of any duly
    organized State, county, or municipal peace unit assigned
    to the territorial jurisdiction where the offense took
    place when the offense took place;
        (8) in cases of reckless homicide afford the victim's
    spouse, guardians, parents or other immediate family
    members an opportunity to make oral statements; and
        (9) in cases involving a felony sex offense as defined
    under the Sex Offender Management Board Act, consider the
    results of the sex offender evaluation conducted pursuant
    to Section 5-3-2 of this Act.
    (b) All sentences shall be imposed by the judge based upon
his independent assessment of the elements specified above and
any agreement as to sentence reached by the parties. The judge
who presided at the trial or the judge who accepted the plea of
guilty shall impose the sentence unless he is no longer sitting
as a judge in that court. Where the judge does not impose
sentence at the same time on all defendants who are convicted
as a result of being involved in the same offense, the
defendant or the State's Attorney may advise the sentencing
court of the disposition of any other defendants who have been
sentenced.
    (c) In imposing a sentence for a violent crime or for an
offense of operating or being in physical control of a vehicle
while under the influence of alcohol, any other drug or any
combination thereof, or a similar provision of a local
ordinance, when such offense resulted in the personal injury to
someone other than the defendant, the trial judge shall specify
on the record the particular evidence, information, factors in
mitigation and aggravation or other reasons that led to his
sentencing determination. The full verbatim record of the
sentencing hearing shall be filed with the clerk of the court
and shall be a public record.
    (c-1) In imposing a sentence for the offense of aggravated
kidnapping for ransom, home invasion, armed robbery,
aggravated vehicular hijacking, aggravated discharge of a
firearm, or armed violence with a category I weapon or category
II weapon, the trial judge shall make a finding as to whether
the conduct leading to conviction for the offense resulted in
great bodily harm to a victim, and shall enter that finding and
the basis for that finding in the record.
    (c-2) If the defendant is sentenced to prison, other than
when a sentence of natural life imprisonment or a sentence of
death is imposed, at the time the sentence is imposed the judge
shall state on the record in open court the approximate period
of time the defendant will serve in custody according to the
then current statutory rules and regulations for early release
found in Section 3-6-3 and other related provisions of this
Code. This statement is intended solely to inform the public,
has no legal effect on the defendant's actual release, and may
not be relied on by the defendant on appeal.
    The judge's statement, to be given after pronouncing the
sentence, other than when the sentence is imposed for one of
the offenses enumerated in paragraph (a)(3) of Section 3-6-3,
shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the actual period of time this defendant is likely to spend in
prison as a result of this sentence. The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of Illinois as
applied to this sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. In this
case, assuming the defendant receives all of his or her good
conduct credit, the period of estimated actual custody is ...
years and ... months, less up to 180 days additional good
conduct credit for meritorious service. If the defendant,
because of his or her own misconduct or failure to comply with
the institutional regulations, does not receive those credits,
the actual time served in prison will be longer. The defendant
may also receive an additional one-half day good conduct credit
for each day of participation in vocational, industry,
substance abuse, and educational programs as provided for by
Illinois statute."
    When the sentence is imposed for one of the offenses
enumerated in paragraph (a)(3) of Section 3-6-3, other than
when the sentence is imposed for one of the offenses enumerated
in paragraph (a)(2) of Section 3-6-3 committed on or after June
19, 1998, and other than when the sentence is imposed for
reckless homicide as defined in subsection (e) of Section 9-3
of the Criminal Code of 1961 if the offense was committed on or
after January 1, 1999, and other than when the sentence is
imposed for aggravated arson if the offense was committed on or
after July 27, 2001 (the effective date of Public Act 92-176),
the judge's statement, to be given after pronouncing the
sentence, shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the actual period of time this defendant is likely to spend in
prison as a result of this sentence. The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of Illinois as
applied to this sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. In this
case, assuming the defendant receives all of his or her good
conduct credit, the period of estimated actual custody is ...
years and ... months, less up to 90 days additional good
conduct credit for meritorious service. If the defendant,
because of his or her own misconduct or failure to comply with
the institutional regulations, does not receive those credits,
the actual time served in prison will be longer. The defendant
may also receive an additional one-half day good conduct credit
for each day of participation in vocational, industry,
substance abuse, and educational programs as provided for by
Illinois statute."
    When the sentence is imposed for one of the offenses
enumerated in paragraph (a)(2) of Section 3-6-3, other than
first degree murder, and the offense was committed on or after
June 19, 1998, and when the sentence is imposed for reckless
homicide as defined in subsection (e) of Section 9-3 of the
Criminal Code of 1961 if the offense was committed on or after
January 1, 1999, and when the sentence is imposed for
aggravated driving under the influence of alcohol, other drug
or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds, or any
combination thereof as defined in subparagraph (F) of paragraph
(1) of subsection (d) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle
Code, and when the sentence is imposed for aggravated arson if
the offense was committed on or after July 27, 2001 (the
effective date of Public Act 92-176), the judge's statement, to
be given after pronouncing the sentence, shall include the
following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the actual period of time this defendant is likely to spend in
prison as a result of this sentence. The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of Illinois as
applied to this sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. In this
case, the defendant is entitled to no more than 4 1/2 days of
good conduct credit for each month of his or her sentence of
imprisonment. Therefore, this defendant will serve at least 85%
of his or her sentence. Assuming the defendant receives 4 1/2
days credit for each month of his or her sentence, the period
of estimated actual custody is ... years and ... months. If the
defendant, because of his or her own misconduct or failure to
comply with the institutional regulations receives lesser
credit, the actual time served in prison will be longer."
    When a sentence of imprisonment is imposed for first degree
murder and the offense was committed on or after June 19, 1998,
the judge's statement, to be given after pronouncing the
sentence, shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the actual period of time this defendant is likely to spend in
prison as a result of this sentence. The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of Illinois as
applied to this sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. In this
case, the defendant is not entitled to good conduct credit.
Therefore, this defendant will serve 100% of his or her
sentence."
    When the sentencing order recommends placement in a
substance abuse program for any offense that results in
incarceration in a Department of Corrections facility and the
crime was committed on or after September 1, 2003 (the
effective date of Public Act 93-354), the judge's statement, in
addition to any other judge's statement required under this
Section, to be given after pronouncing the sentence, shall
include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the actual period of time this defendant is likely to spend in
prison as a result of this sentence. The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of Illinois as
applied to this sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. In this
case, the defendant shall receive no good conduct credit under
clause (3) of subsection (a) of Section 3-6-3 until he or she
participates in and completes a substance abuse treatment
program or receives a waiver from the Director of Corrections
pursuant to clause (4.5) of subsection (a) of Section 3-6-3."
    (c-4) Before the sentencing hearing and as part of the
presentence investigation under Section 5-3-1, the court shall
inquire of the defendant whether the defendant is currently
serving in or is a veteran of the Armed Forces of the United
States. If the defendant is currently serving in the Armed
Forces of the United States or is a veteran of the Armed Forces
of the United States and has been diagnosed as having a mental
illness by a qualified psychiatrist or clinical psychologist or
physician, the court may:
        (1) order that the officer preparing the presentence
    report consult with the United States Department of
    Veterans Affairs, Illinois Department of Veterans'
    Affairs, or another agency or person with suitable
    knowledge or experience for the purpose of providing the
    court with information regarding treatment options
    available to the defendant, including federal, State, and
    local programming; and
        (2) consider the treatment recommendations of any
    diagnosing or treating mental health professionals
    together with the treatment options available to the
    defendant in imposing sentence.
    For the purposes of this subsection (c-4), "qualified
psychiatrist" means a reputable physician licensed in Illinois
to practice medicine in all its branches, who has specialized
in the diagnosis and treatment of mental and nervous disorders
for a period of not less than 5 years.
    (d) When the defendant is committed to the Department of
Corrections, the State's Attorney shall and counsel for the
defendant may file a statement with the clerk of the court to
be transmitted to the department, agency or institution to
which the defendant is committed to furnish such department,
agency or institution with the facts and circumstances of the
offense for which the person was committed together with all
other factual information accessible to them in regard to the
person prior to his commitment relative to his habits,
associates, disposition and reputation and any other facts and
circumstances which may aid such department, agency or
institution during its custody of such person. The clerk shall
within 10 days after receiving any such statements transmit a
copy to such department, agency or institution and a copy to
the other party, provided, however, that this shall not be
cause for delay in conveying the person to the department,
agency or institution to which he has been committed.
    (e) The clerk of the court shall transmit to the
department, agency or institution, if any, to which the
defendant is committed, the following:
        (1) the sentence imposed;
        (2) any statement by the court of the basis for
    imposing the sentence;
        (3) any presentence reports;
        (3.5) any sex offender evaluations;
        (3.6) any substance abuse treatment eligibility
    screening and assessment of the defendant by an agent
    designated by the State of Illinois to provide assessment
    services for the Illinois courts;
        (4) the number of days, if any, which the defendant has
    been in custody and for which he is entitled to credit
    against the sentence, which information shall be provided
    to the clerk by the sheriff;
        (4.1) any finding of great bodily harm made by the
    court with respect to an offense enumerated in subsection
    (c-1);
        (5) all statements filed under subsection (d) of this
    Section;
        (6) any medical or mental health records or summaries
    of the defendant;
        (7) the municipality where the arrest of the offender
    or the commission of the offense has occurred, where such
    municipality has a population of more than 25,000 persons;
        (8) all statements made and evidence offered under
    paragraph (7) of subsection (a) of this Section; and
        (9) all additional matters which the court directs the
    clerk to transmit.
(Source: P.A. 94-156, eff. 7-8-05; 94-556, eff. 9-11-05;
95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

Effective Date: 1/1/2010