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|[ Engrossed ]||[ House Amendment 001 ]|
91_HB3009 LRB9109978ACtm 1 AN ACT to amend the Environmental Protection Act by 2 changing Sections 9, 10, and 42. 3 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 4 represented in the General Assembly: 5 Section 5. The Environmental Protection Act is amended by 6 changing Sections 9, 10, and 42 as follows: 7 (415 ILCS 5/9) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1009) 8 Sec. 9. Acts prohibited. No person shall: 9 (a) Cause or threaten or allow the discharge or emission 10 of any contaminant into the environment in any State so as to 11 cause or tend to cause air pollution in Illinois, either 12 alone or in combination with contaminants from other sources, 13 or so as to violate regulations or standards adopted by the 14 Board under this Act; 15 (b) Construct, install, or operate any equipment, 16 facility, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft capable of causing or 17 contributing to air pollution or designed to prevent air 18 pollution, of any type designated by Board regulations, 19 without a permit granted by the Agency, or in violation of 20 any conditions imposed by such permit; 21 (c) Cause or allow the open burning of refuse, conduct 22 any salvage operation by open burning, or cause or allow the 23 burning of any refuse in any chamber not specifically 24 permitted
designed for the purpose and approvedby the Agency 25 pursuant to regulations adopted by the Board under this Act; 26 except that the Board may adopt regulations permitting open 27 burning of refuse in certain cases upon a finding that no 28 harm will result from such burning, or that any alternative 29 method of disposing of such refuse would create a safety 30 hazard so extreme as to justify the pollution that would 31 result from such burning; -2- LRB9109978ACtm 1 (d) Sell, offer, or use any fuel or other article in any 2 areas in which the Board may by regulation forbid its sale, 3 offer, or use for reasons of air pollution air-pollution4 control; 5 (e) Use, cause or allow the spraying of loose asbestos 6 for the purpose of fireproofing or insulating any building or 7 building material or other constructions, or otherwise use 8 asbestos in such unconfined manner as to permit asbestos 9 fibers or particles to pollute the air; 10 (f) Commencing July 1, 1985, sell any used oil for 11 burning or incineration in any incinerator, boiler, furnace, 12 burner or other equipment unless such oil meets standards 13 based on virgin fuel oil or re-refined oil, as defined in 14 ASTM D-396 or specifications under VV-F-815C promulgated 15 pursuant to the federal Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 16 and meets the manufacturer's and current NFDA code standards 17 for which such incinerator, boiler, furnace, burner or other 18 equipment was approved, except that this prohibition does not 19 apply to a sale to a permitted used oil re-refining or 20 reprocessing facility or sale to a facility permitted by the 21 Agency to burn or incinerate such oil. 22 Nothing herein shall limit the effect of any section of 23 this Title with respect to any form of asbestos, or the 24 spraying of any form of asbestos, or limit the power of the 25 Board under this Title to adopt additional and further 26 regulations with respect to any form of asbestos, or the 27 spraying of any form of asbestos. 28 Except as provided in subsection (C) of Section 10, this 29 Section shall not limit the burning of landscape waste upon 30 the premises where it is produced or at sites provided and 31 supervised by any unit of local government , except within any32 county having a population of more than 400,000. Nothing in 33 this Section shall prohibit the burning of landscape waste 34 for agricultural purposes, habitat management (including but -3- LRB9109978ACtm 1 not limited to forest and prairie reclamation), or 2 firefighter training. For the purposes of this Act, the 3 burning of landscape waste by production nurseries shall be 4 considered to be burning for agricultural purposes. 5 Any grain elevator located outside of a major population 6 area, as defined in Section 211.3610 of Title 35 of the 7 Illinois Administrative Code, shall be exempt from the 8 requirements of Section 212.462 of Title 35 of the Illinois 9 Administrative Code provided that the elevator: (1) does not 10 violate the prohibitions of subsection (a) of this Section or 11 have a certified investigation, as defined in Section 211.970 12 of Title 35 of the Illinois Administrative Code, on file with 13 the Agency and (2) is not required to obtain a Clean Air Act 14 Permit Program permit pursuant to Section 39.5. 15 Notwithstanding the above exemption, new stationary source 16 performance standards for grain elevators, established 17 pursuant to Section 9.1 of this Act and Section 111 of the 18 federal Clean Air Act, shall continue to apply to grain 19 elevators. 20 (Source: P.A. 88-488; 89-328, eff. 8-17-95; 89-491, eff. 21 6-21-96.) 22 (415 ILCS 5/10) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1010) 23 Sec. 10. Rules Regulations. 24 (A) The Board, pursuant to procedures prescribed in 25 Title VII of this Act, may adopt regulations to promote the 26 purposes of this Title. Without limiting the generality of 27 this authority, such regulations may among other things 28 prescribe: 29 (a) Ambient air quality standards specifying the 30 maximum permissible short-term and long-term 31 concentrations of various contaminants in the atmosphere; 32 (b) Emission standards specifying the maximum 33 amounts or concentrations of various contaminants that -4- LRB9109978ACtm 1 may be discharged into the atmosphere; 2 (c) Standards for the issuance of permits for 3 construction, installation, or operation of any 4 equipment, facility, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft capable 5 of causing or contributing to air pollution or designed 6 to prevent air pollution; 7 (d) Standards and conditions regarding the sale, 8 offer, or use of any fuel, vehicle, or other article 9 determined by the Board to constitute an air pollution 10 air-pollutionhazard; 11 (e) Alert and abatement standards relative to air 12 pollution air-pollutionepisodes or emergencies 13 constituting an acute danger to health or to the 14 environment; 15 (f) Requirements and procedures for the inspection 16 of any equipment, facility, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft 17 that may cause or contribute to air pollution; 18 (g) Requirements and standards for equipment and 19 procedures for monitoring contaminant discharges at their 20 sources, the collection of samples and the collection, 21 reporting and retention of data resulting from such 22 monitoring. 23 (B) The Board shall adopt sulfur dioxide regulations and 24 emission standards for existing fuel combustion stationary 25 emission sources located in all areas of the State of 26 Illinois, except the Chicago, St. Louis (Illinois) and Peoria 27 major metropolitan areas, in accordance with the following 28 requirements: 29 (1) Such regulations shall not be more restrictive 30 than necessary to attain and maintain the "Primary 31 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Sulfur 32 Dioxide" and within a reasonable time attain and maintain 33 the "Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for 34 Sulfur Dioxide." -5- LRB9109978ACtm 1 (2) Such regulations shall be based upon ambient 2 air quality monitoring data insofar as possible, 3 consistent with regulations of the United States 4 Environmental Protection Agency. To the extent that air 5 quality modeling techniques are used for setting 6 standards, such techniques shall be fully described and 7 documented in the record of the Board's rulemaking 8 proceeding. 9 (3) Such regulations shall provide a mechanism for 10 the establishment of emission standards applicable to a 11 specific site as an alternative to a more restrictive 12 general emission standard. The Board shall delegate 13 authority to the Agency to determine such specific site 14 emission standards, pursuant to regulations adopted by 15 the Board. 16 (4) Such regulations and standards shall allow all 17 available alternative air quality control methods 18 consistent with federal law and regulations. 19 (C) (1) No later than December 1, 2000, The Board may20 not adopt any regulation banning the burning of landscape21 waste throughout the State generally.the Board shall 22 may, by rule, regulation, restrict orprohibit the open 23 burning of landscape waste within any geographical area 24 of the State (i) that is classified as a moderate, 25 serious, severe, or extreme non-attainment area for ozone 26 under Section 181 of the federal Clean Air Act or (ii) 27 that is within an affected county as defined by the 28 Vehicle Emissions Inspection Law of 1995. If a unit of 29 local government has, prior to the effective date of the 30 Board's rules, adopted an ordinance or regulation 31 regarding the open burning of landscape waste, the local 32 ordinance or regulation shall control so long as it 33 remains in effect. 34 (2) The Board may also adopt rules prohibiting the -6- LRB9109978ACtm 1 open burning of landscape waste in other geographical 2 areas of the State if it determines based on medical and 3 biological evidence generally accepted by the scientific 4 community that such burning will produce in the 5 atmosphere of that geographical area contaminants in 6 sufficient quantities and of such characteristics and 7 duration as to be injurious to human humans, plant, or 8 animal life, or health. 9 (3) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to 10 prohibit the open burning of landscape waste for 11 agricultural purposes (including but not limited to the 12 open burning of landscape waste by production nurseries 13 and the open burning of landscape waste generated on a 14 farm), habitat management purposes (including but not 15 limited to forest and prairie reclamation), or 16 firefighter training purposes. For the purposes of this 17 subsection, "farm" has the same meaning as under Section 18 1-60 of the Property Tax Code. 19 (4) A home rule unit may not regulate the open 20 burning of landscape waste in a manner inconsistent with 21 the regulation of open burning of landscape waste by the 22 State under this Section, unless the home rule unit has, 23 prior to the effective date of rules adopted by the Board 24 under subdivision (1), adopted ordinances or regulations 25 relating to the open burning of landscape waste and those 26 ordinances or regulations remain in effect. This Section 27 is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of 28 Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the 29 concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and 30 functions exercised by the State. 31 (D) The Board shall adopt regulations requiring the 32 owner or operator of a gasoline dispensing system that 33 dispenses more than 10,000 gallons of gasoline per month to 34 install and operate a system for the recovery of gasoline -7- LRB9109978ACtm 1 vapor emissions arising from the fueling of motor vehicles 2 that meets the requirements of Section 182 of the federal 3 Clean Air Act (42 USC 7511a). These regulations shall apply 4 only in areas of the State that are classified as moderate, 5 serious, severe or extreme non-attainment areas for ozone 6 pursuant to Section 181 of the federal Clean Air Act (42 USC 7 7511), but shall not apply in such areas classified as 8 moderate non-attainment areas for ozone if the Administrator 9 of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promulgates 10 standards for vehicle-based (onboard) systems for the control 11 of vehicle refueling emissions pursuant to Section 202(a)(6) 12 of the federal Clean Air Act (42 USC 7521(a)(6)) by November 13 15, 1992. 14 (E) The Board shall not adopt or enforce any regulation 15 requiring the use of a tarpaulin or other covering on a 16 truck, trailer, or other vehicle that is stricter than the 17 requirements of Section 15-109.1 of the Illinois Vehicle 18 Code. To the extent that it is in conflict with this 19 subsection, the Board's rule codified as 35 Ill. Admin. Code, 20 Section 212.315 is hereby superseded. 21 (F) Any person who prior to June 8, 1988, has filed a 22 timely Notice of Intent to Petition for an Adjusted RACT 23 Emissions Limitation and who subsequently timely files a 24 completed petition for an adjusted RACT emissions limitation 25 pursuant to 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 215, Subpart I, shall be 26 subject to the procedures contained in Subpart I but shall be 27 excluded by operation of law from 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 28 215, Subparts PP, QQ and RR, including the applicable 29 definitions in 35 Ill. Adm. Code, Part 211. Such persons 30 shall instead be subject to a separate regulation which the 31 Board is hereby authorized to adopt pursuant to the adjusted 32 RACT emissions limitation procedure in 35 Ill. Adm. Code, 33 Part 215, Subpart I. In its final action on the petition, 34 the Board shall create a separate rule which establishes -8- LRB9109978ACtm 1 Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for such 2 person. The purpose of this procedure is to create separate 3 and independent regulations for purposes of SIP submittal, 4 review, and approval by USEPA. 5 (G) Subpart FF of Subtitle B, Title 35 Ill. Adm. Code, 6 Sections 218.720 through 218.730 and Sections 219.720 through 7 219.730, are hereby repealed by operation of law and are 8 rendered null and void and of no force and effect. 9 (Source: P.A. 88-381; 89-79, eff. 6-30-95.) 10 (415 ILCS 5/42) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1042) 11 Sec. 42. Civil penalties. 12 (a) Except as provided in this Section, any person that 13 violates any provision of this Act or any regulation adopted 14 by the Board, or any permit or term or condition thereof, or 15 that violates any determination or order of the Board 16 pursuant to this Act, shall be liable to a civil penalty of 17 not to exceed $50,000 for the violation and an additional 18 civil penalty of not to exceed $10,000 for each day during 19 which the violation continues; such penalties may, upon order 20 of the Board or a court of competent jurisdiction, be made 21 payable to the Environmental Protection Trust Fund, to be 22 used in accordance with the provisions of the Environmental 23 Protection Trust Fund Act. 24 (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of 25 this Section: 26 (1) Any person that violates Section 12(f) of this 27 Act or any NPDES permit or term or condition thereof, or 28 any filing requirement, regulation or order relating to 29 the NPDES permit program, shall be liable to a civil 30 penalty of not to exceed $10,000 per day of violation. 31 (2) Any person that violates Section 12(g) of this 32 Act or any UIC permit or term or condition thereof, or 33 any filing requirement, regulation or order relating to -9- LRB9109978ACtm 1 the State UIC program for all wells, except Class II 2 wells as defined by the Board under this Act, shall be 3 liable to a civil penalty not to exceed $2,500 per day of 4 violation; provided, however, that any person who commits 5 such violations relating to the State UIC program for 6 Class II wells, as defined by the Board under this Act, 7 shall be liable to a civil penalty of not to exceed 8 $10,000 for the violation and an additional civil penalty 9 of not to exceed $1,000 for each day during which the 10 violation continues. 11 (3) Any person that violates Sections 21(f), 21(g), 12 21(h) or 21(i) of this Act, or any RCRA permit or term or 13 condition thereof, or any filing requirement, regulation 14 or order relating to the State RCRA program, shall be 15 liable to a civil penalty of not to exceed $25,000 per 16 day of violation. 17 (4) In an administrative citation action under 18 Section 31.1 of this Act, any person found to have 19 violated any provision of subsection (o) of Section 21 of 20 this Act shall pay a civil penalty of $500 for each 21 violation of each such provision, plus any hearing costs 22 incurred by the Board and the Agency. Such penalties 23 shall be made payable to the Environmental Protection 24 Trust Fund, to be used in accordance with the provisions 25 of the Environmental Protection Trust Fund Act; except 26 that if a unit of local government issued the 27 administrative citation, 50% of the civil penalty shall 28 be payable to the unit of local government. 29 (4-5) In an administrative citation action under 30 Section 31.1 of this Act, any person found to have 31 violated any provision of subsection (p) of Section 21 of 32 this Act shall pay a civil penalty of $1,500 for a first 33 offense and $3,000 for a second or subsequent offense, 34 plus any hearing costs incurred by the Board and the -10- LRB9109978ACtm 1 Agency. The penalties shall be deposited into the 2 Environmental Protection Trust Fund, to be used in 3 accordance with the provisions of the Environmental 4 Protection Trust Fund Act; except that if a unit of local 5 government issued the administrative citation, 50% of the 6 civil penalty shall be payable to the unit of local 7 government. 8 (5) Any person who violates subsection 6 of Section 9 39.5 of this Act or any CAAPP permit, or term or 10 condition thereof, or any fee or filing requirement, or 11 any duty to allow or carry out inspection, entry or 12 monitoring activities, or any regulation or order 13 relating to the CAAPP shall be liable for a civil penalty 14 not to exceed $10,000 per day of violation. 15 (6) A person who violates subsection (C) of Section 16 10 of this Act or a rule adopted by the Board under that 17 subsection shall pay a civil penalty of $100 for a first 18 violation, $250 for a second violation, and $500 for a 19 third or subsequent violation. Where such actions are 20 brought before the Board, penalties shall be payable to 21 the Environmental Protection Trust Fund, to be used in 22 accordance with the provisions of the Environmental 23 Protection Trust Fund Act. Where such actions are 24 brought before the circuit court, penalties shall be 25 payable to the county in which the violation occurred. 26 (b.5) In lieu of the penalties set forth in subsections 27 (a) and (b) of this Section, any person who fails to file, in 28 a timely manner, toxic chemical release forms with the Agency 29 pursuant to Section 25b-2 of this Act shall be liable for a 30 civil penalty of $100 per day for each day the forms are 31 late, not to exceed a maximum total penalty of $6,000. This 32 daily penalty shall begin accruing on the thirty-first day 33 after the date that the person receives the warning notice 34 issued by the Agency pursuant to Section 25b-6 of this Act; -11- LRB9109978ACtm 1 and the penalty shall be paid to the Agency. The daily 2 accrual of penalties shall cease as of January 1 of the 3 following year. All penalties collected by the Agency 4 pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited into the 5 Environmental Protection Permit and Inspection Fund. 6 (c) Any person that violates this Act, or an order or 7 other determination of the Board under this Act and causes 8 the death of fish or aquatic life shall, in addition to the 9 other penalties provided by this Act, be liable to pay to the 10 State an additional sum for the reasonable value of the fish 11 or aquatic life destroyed. Any money so recovered shall be 12 placed in the Wildlife and Fish Fund in the State Treasury. 13 (d) The penalties provided for in this Section may be 14 recovered in a civil action. 15 (e) The State's Attorney of the county in which the 16 violation occurred, or the Attorney General, may, at the 17 request of the Agency or on his own motion, institute a civil 18 action for an injunction to restrain violations of this Act. 19 (f) The State's Attorney of the county in which the 20 violation occurred, or the Attorney General, shall bring such 21 actions in the name of the people of the State of Illinois. 22 Without limiting any other authority which may exist for the 23 awarding of attorney's fees and costs, the Board or a court 24 of competent jurisdiction may award costs and reasonable 25 attorney's fees, including the reasonable costs of expert 26 witnesses and consultants, to the State's Attorney or the 27 Attorney General in a case where he has prevailed against a 28 person who has committed a wilful, knowing or repeated 29 violation of the Act. 30 Any funds collected under this subsection (f) in which 31 the Attorney General has prevailed shall be deposited in the 32 Hazardous Waste Fund created in Section 22.2 of this Act. Any 33 funds collected under this subsection (f) in which a State's 34 Attorney has prevailed shall be retained by the county in -12- LRB9109978ACtm 1 which he serves. 2 (g) All final orders imposing civil penalties pursuant 3 to this Section shall prescribe the time for payment of such 4 penalties. If any such penalty is not paid within the time 5 prescribed, interest on such penalty at the rate set forth in 6 subsection (a) of Section 1003 of the Illinois Income Tax 7 Act, shall be paid for the period from the date payment is 8 due until the date payment is received. However, if the time 9 for payment is stayed during the pendency of an appeal, 10 interest shall not accrue during such stay. 11 (h) In determining the appropriate civil penalty to be 12 imposed under subdivisions (a), (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), or 13 (b)(5) of this Section, the Board is authorized to consider 14 any matters of record in mitigation or aggravation of 15 penalty, including but not limited to the following factors: 16 (1) the duration and gravity of the violation; 17 (2) the presence or absence of due diligence on the 18 part of the violator in attempting to comply with 19 requirements of this Act and regulations thereunder or to 20 secure relief therefrom as provided by this Act; 21 (3) any economic benefits accrued by the violator 22 because of delay in compliance with requirements; 23 (4) the amount of monetary penalty which will serve 24 to deter further violations by the violator and to 25 otherwise aid in enhancing voluntary compliance with this 26 Act by the violator and other persons similarly subject 27 to the Act; and 28 (5) the number, proximity in time, and gravity of 29 previously adjudicated violations of this Act by the 30 violator. 31 (Source: P.A. 90-773, eff. 8-14-98; 91-82, eff. 1-1-00.) 32 Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon 33 becoming law.
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