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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS
(805 ILCS 105/) General Not For Profit Corporation Act of 1986.

805 ILCS 105/Art. 1

 
    (805 ILCS 105/Art. 1 heading)
ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

805 ILCS 105/101.01

    (805 ILCS 105/101.01) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.01)
    Sec. 101.01. Short title. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "General Not For Profit Corporation Act of 1986".
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.05

    (805 ILCS 105/101.05) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.05)
    Sec. 101.05. Powers of Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall have the power and authority reasonably necessary to administer this Act efficiently and to perform the duties therein imposed.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.10

    (805 ILCS 105/101.10) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.10)
    Sec. 101.10. Forms, execution, acknowledgment and filing.
    (a) All reports required by this Act to be filed in the office of the Secretary of State shall be made on forms which shall be prescribed and furnished by the Secretary of State. Forms for all other documents to be filed in the office of the Secretary of State shall be furnished by the Secretary of State on request therefor, but the use thereof, unless otherwise specifically prescribed in this Act, shall not be mandatory.
    (b) Whenever any provision of this Act specifically requires any document to be executed by the corporation in accordance with this Section, unless otherwise specifically stated in this Act and subject to any additional provisions of this Act, such document shall be executed, in ink, as follows:
        (1) The articles of incorporation shall be signed by
    
the incorporator or incorporators.
        (2) All other documents shall be signed:
            (i) By the president, a vice-president, the
        
secretary, an assistant secretary, the treasurer, or other officer duly authorized by the board of directors of the corporation to execute the document and verified by him or her; or
            (ii) If it shall appear from the document that
        
there are no such officers, then by a majority of the directors or by such directors as may be designated by the board; or
            (iii) If it shall appear from the document that
        
there are no such officers or directors, then by the members, or such of them as may be designated by the members at a lawful meeting; or
            (iv) If the corporate assets are in the
        
possession of a receiver, trustee or other court-appointed officer, then by the fiduciary or the majority of them if there are more than one.
    (c) The name of a person signing the document and the capacity in which he or she signs shall be stated beneath or opposite his or her signature.
    (d) Whenever any provision of this Act requires any document to be verified, such requirement is satisfied by either:
        (1) The formal acknowledgment by the person or one of
    
the persons signing the instrument that it is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true. Such acknowledgment shall be made before a person who is authorized by the law of the place of execution to take acknowledgments of deeds and who, if he or she has a seal of office, shall affix it to the instrument; or
        (2) The signature, without more, of the person or
    
persons signing the instrument, in which case such signature or signatures shall constitute the affirmation or acknowledgment of the signatory, under penalties of perjury, that the instrument is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true.
    (e) Whenever any provision of this Act requires any document to be filed with the Secretary of State or in accordance with this Section, such requirement means that:
        (1) The original signed document, and if in duplicate
    
as provided by this Act, one true copy, which may be signed, or carbon or photocopy shall be delivered to the office of the Secretary of State.
        (2) All fees and charges authorized by law to be
    
collected by the Secretary of State in connection with the filing of the document shall be tendered to the Secretary of State.
        (3) If the Secretary of State finds that the document
    
conforms to law, he or she shall, when all fees and charges have been paid as in this Act prescribed:
            (i) Endorse on the original and on the true copy,
        
if any, the word "filed" and the month, day and year thereof;
            (ii) File the original in his or her office;
            (iii) (Blank); and
            (iv) If the filing is in duplicate, he or she
        
shall return the copy to the corporation or its representative.
    (f) If another Section of this Act specifically prescribes a manner of filing or executing a specified document which differs from the corresponding provisions of this Section, then the provisions of such other Section shall govern.
(Source: P.A. 99-608, eff. 7-22-16.)

805 ILCS 105/101.11

    (805 ILCS 105/101.11)
    Sec. 101.11. Electronic filing. Documents or reports submitted for filing electronically must include the name of the person making the submission. The inclusion shall constitute the affirmation or acknowledgement of the person, under penalties of perjury, that the instrument is his or her act and deed or the act and deed of the corporation, as the case may be, and that the facts stated therein are true. Compliance with this Section shall satisfy the signature provisions of Section 101.10 of this Act, which shall otherwise apply.
(Source: P.A. 95-368, eff. 8-23-07.)

805 ILCS 105/101.15

    (805 ILCS 105/101.15) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.15)
    Sec. 101.15. Statement of correction.
    (a) Whenever any instrument authorized to be filed with the Secretary of State under any provision of this Act has been so filed and, as of the date of the action therein referred to, contains any misstatement of fact, typographical error, error of transcription or any other error or defect, or was defectively or erroneously executed, such instrument may be corrected by filing, in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act, a statement of correction.
    (b) A statement of correction shall set forth:
        (1) The name or names of the corporation or
    
corporations and the State or country under the laws of which each is organized.
        (2) The title of the instrument being corrected and
    
the date it was filed by the Secretary of State.
        (3) The inaccuracy, error or defect to be corrected
    
and the portion of the instrument in corrected form.
    (c) A statement of correction shall be executed in the same manner in which the instrument being corrected was required to be executed.
    (d) The corrected instrument shall be effective as of the date the original instrument was filed.
    (e) A statement of correction shall not:
        (1) Effect any change or amendment of articles which
    
would not in all respects have complied with the requirements of this Act;
        (2) Take the place of any document, statement or
    
report otherwise required to be filed by this Act;
        (3) Affect any right or liability accrued or incurred
    
before such filing, except that any right or liability accrued or incurred by reason of the error or defect being corrected shall be extinguished by such filing if the person having such right has not detrimentally relied on the original instrument;
        (4) Alter the provisions of the articles of
    
incorporation with respect to the corporation name or purpose or the names and addresses of the incorporators or initial directors;
        (5) Alter the provisions of the application for
    
authority of a foreign corporation with respect to the corporation name;
        (6) Alter the provisions of the application to adopt
    
or change an assumed corporate name with respect to the assumed corporate name; or
        (7) Alter the wording of any resolution which was in
    
fact adopted by the board of directors or by the members entitled to vote.
(Source: P.A. 93-59, eff. 7-1-03.)

805 ILCS 105/101.20

    (805 ILCS 105/101.20) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.20)
    Sec. 101.20. Certificates and certified copies of certain documents to be received in evidence. All certificates issued by the Secretary of State in accordance with the provisions of this Act and all copies of documents filed in the Secretary's office in accordance with the provisions of this Act when certified by him or her, shall be taken and received in all courts, public offices, and official bodies as prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated. A certificate by the Secretary of State under the Great Seal of the State of Illinois, as to the existence or nonexistence of the facts relating to corporations which would not appear from a certified copy of any of the foregoing documents or certificates shall be taken and received in all courts, public offices, and official bodies as prima facie evidence of the existence or nonexistence of the facts therein stated.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.25

    (805 ILCS 105/101.25) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.25)
    Sec. 101.25. Lists of corporations; exchange of information.
    (a) The Secretary of State shall include in his or her daily publication lists of business corporations formed on that day as provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of Section 1.25 of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 all not-for-profit corporations formed on the day of publication of such lists.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall include among information to be exchanged with the Department of Healthcare and Family Services, as provided in subsection (c) of Section 1.25 of the Business Corporation Act of 1983, information regarding all not-for-profit corporations formed pursuant to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

805 ILCS 105/101.30

    (805 ILCS 105/101.30) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.30)
    Sec. 101.30. Abstract of corporate record. (a) The Secretary of State may, upon receipt of a written request and payment of a fee as determined by the Secretary, furnish to the person or agency so requesting an abstract of the corporate record of any domestic or foreign corporation licensed to conduct affairs in the State of Illinois. All requests for abstracts shall be made in the manner and the form prescribed by the Secretary of State.
    (b) The Secretary of State may certify an abstract of a corporate record upon written request therefor. The fee for such certification shall be $5 in addition to the fee required for furnishing an abstract of record as provided herein. Such certification shall be made under the signature of the Secretary of State and shall be authenticated by the Seal of his or her office.
    (c) The fees provided in this Section for abstracts of corporate records and certifications of abstracts shall not be applicable to any federal, state or local governmental agency requesting such information or certification.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.35

    (805 ILCS 105/101.35) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.35)
    Sec. 101.35. Interrogatories to be propounded by Secretary of State. The Secretary of State may propound to any corporation, domestic or foreign, subject to the provisions of this Act, and to any officer or director thereof, such interrogatories as may be reasonably necessary and proper to enable the Secretary to ascertain whether such corporation has complied with all the provisions of this Act applicable to such corporation. Such interrogatories shall be answered within thirty days after the mailing thereof, or within such additional time as shall be fixed by the Secretary of State, and the answers thereto shall be full and complete and shall be made in writing and under oath. If such interrogatories be directed to an individual they shall be answered by him or her, and if directed to a corporation they shall be answered by the president, vice-president, secretary, or assistant secretary thereof. The Secretary of State need not file any document to which such interrogatories relate until such interrogatories be answered as herein provided, and not then if the answers thereto disclose that such document is not in conformity with the provisions of this Act. The Secretary of State shall certify to the Attorney General, for such action as the Attorney General may deem appropriate, all interrogatories and answers thereto which disclose a violation of any of the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.40

    (805 ILCS 105/101.40) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.40)
    Sec. 101.40. Information disclosed by interrogatories. Interrogatories propounded by the Secretary of State and the answers thereto shall not be open to public inspection nor shall the Secretary of State disclose any facts or information obtained therefrom except in so far as official duty may require the same answers to be made public or in the event such interrogatories or the answers thereto as required for evidence in any criminal proceeding or in any other action by the State. Such information disclosed by interrogatories shall be exempt from inspection and copying under "The Freedom of Information Act", certified December 27, 1983, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.45

    (805 ILCS 105/101.45) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.45)
    Sec. 101.45. Judicial review under the Administrative Review Law. If the Secretary of State shall fail to approve any articles of incorporation, amendment, merger, consolidation, or dissolution, or any other document required by this Act to be approved by the Secretary of State before the same shall be filed in his or her office, the Secretary shall, within 10 days after the delivery thereof to him or her, give written notice of his or her disapproval to the person or corporation, domestic or foreign, delivering the same, specifying the reasons therefor. The decision of the Secretary of State is subject to judicial review under the Administrative Review Law, as now or hereafter amended.
    If the Secretary of State shall revoke the certificate of authority to conduct affairs in this State of any foreign corporation, pursuant to this Act, such decision shall be subject to judicial review under the Administrative Review Law, as now or hereafter amended.
    Appeals from all final orders and judgment entered by the circuit court under this section in review of any ruling or decision of the Secretary of State may be taken as in other civil actions by either party to the proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.50

    (805 ILCS 105/101.50) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.50)
    Sec. 101.50. Administrative Procedure Act. The Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is expressly adopted and incorporated herein as if all of the provisions of that Act were included in this Act, except that the provision of subsection (d) of Section 10-65 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act which provides that at hearing the licensee has the right to show compliance with all lawful requirements for retention, continuation or renewal of the license is specifically excluded. For the purposes of this Act the notice required under Section 10-25 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is deemed sufficient when mailed to the last known address of a party.
(Source: P.A. 88-45.)

805 ILCS 105/101.55

    (805 ILCS 105/101.55) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.55)
    Sec. 101.55. Certain powers reserved to General Assembly. (a) The General Assembly shall at all times have power to prescribe such provisions and limitations as it may deem advisable, which provisions and limitations shall be binding upon any and all corporations, domestic or foreign, subject to the provisions of this Act, and the General Assembly shall have power to amend, repeal, or modify this Act at its pleasure.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall have the power to promulgate, amend or repeal rules and regulations deemed necessary to efficiently administer this Act. The rules and regulations adopted by the Secretary of State under this Act shall be effective in the manner provided for in "The Illinois Administrative Procedure Act", approved September 22, 1975, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 85-1269.)

805 ILCS 105/101.60

    (805 ILCS 105/101.60) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.60)
    Sec. 101.60. Effect of repeal of prior law on rights accrued or liabilities or penalties incurred. The repeal of a law by this Act shall not affect any right accrued or established, or any liability or penalty incurred, under the provisions of such law, prior to the repeal thereof.
(Source: P.A. 84-1423.)

805 ILCS 105/101.70

    (805 ILCS 105/101.70) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.70)
    Sec. 101.70. Application of Act.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of this Act relating to domestic corporations shall apply to:
        (1) All corporations organized hereunder;
        (2) All corporations heretofore organized under the
    
"General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended;
        (3) All not-for-profit corporations heretofore
    
organized under Sections 29 to 34, inclusive, of an Act entitled "An Act Concerning Corporations" approved April 18, 1872, in force July 1, 1872, as amended;
        (4) Each not-for-profit corporation, without shares
    
or capital stock, heretofore organized under any general law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, but not otherwise entitled to the rights, privileges, immunities and franchises provided by this Act, which shall elect to accept this Act as hereinafter provided; and
        (5) Each corporation having shares or capital stock,
    
heretofore organized under any general law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State prior to the adoption of the Constitution of 1870, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, which shall elect to accept this Act as hereinafter provided.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided by this Act, the provisions of this Act relating to foreign corporations shall apply to:
        (1) All foreign corporations which procure authority
    
hereunder to conduct affairs in this State;
        (2) All foreign corporations heretofore having
    
authority to conduct affairs in this State under the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended; and
        (3) All foreign not-for-profit corporations
    
conducting affairs in this State for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation might be organized under this Act.
    (c) The provisions of subsection (b) of Section 110.05 of this Act relating to revival of the articles of incorporation and extension of the period of corporate duration of a domestic corporation shall apply to all corporations organized under the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended, and whose period of duration has expired.
    (d) The provisions of Section 112.45 of this Act relating to reinstatement following administrative dissolution of a domestic corporation shall apply to all corporations involuntarily dissolved after June 30, 1974, by the Secretary of State, pursuant to Section 50a of the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended.
    (e) The provisions of Section 113.60 of this Act relating to reinstatement following revocation of authority of a foreign corporation shall apply to all foreign corporations which had their authority revoked by the Secretary of State pursuant to Section 84 or Section 84a of the "General Not for Profit Corporation Act", approved July 17, 1943, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 96-66, eff. 1-1-10.)

805 ILCS 105/101.75

    (805 ILCS 105/101.75) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.75)
    Sec. 101.75. Election to Accept Act.
    (a) Any not-for-profit corporation without shares or capital stock heretofore organized under any General Law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State, or any corporation having shares or capital stock organized under any General Law or created by Special Act of the Legislature of this State prior to the adoption of the Constitution of 1870, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act, or any corporation formed for religious purposes under An Act Concerning Corporations, effective July 1, 1872, as amended, may elect to accept this Act in the following manner:
        (1) Unless the articles of incorporation or the
    
equivalent or the bylaws provide otherwise, where there are members or shareholders entitled to vote, the board of directors shall adopt a resolution recommending that the corporation accept this Act and directing that the question of such acceptance be submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members or shareholders entitled to vote, which may be either an annual or a special meeting. The members or shareholders entitled to vote may elect that such corporation accept this Act by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the votes present and voted either in person or by proxy.
        (2) Unless the articles of incorporation or the
    
equivalent or the bylaws provide otherwise, where there are no members or shareholders having voting rights, election to accept this Act may be made at a meeting of the board of directors pursuant to a majority vote of the directors present and voting at a meeting at which a quorum is present.
    (b) Upon complying with Subsection (a), the corporation shall execute and file in duplicate a statement, in accordance with Section 101.10 of this Act, and shall also file a copy of its articles of incorporation, if any, and all amendments thereto. Such statement shall set forth:
        (1) A corporate name for the corporation that
    
satisfies the requirements of this Act;
        (2) The specific purpose or purposes for which the
    
corporation is organized, from among the purposes authorized in Section 103.05 of this Act;
        (3) The address of the corporation's registered
    
office and the name of its registered agent at that office;
        (4) The names and respective addresses of its
    
officers and directors;
        (5) A statement that the attached copy, if any, of
    
the articles of incorporation of the corporation is true and correct;
        (6) A statement by the corporation that it has
    
elected to accept this Act and that all reports have been filed and all fees, taxes and penalties due to the State of Illinois, accruing under any Act to which the corporation has theretofore been subject, have been paid;
        (7) Where there are members or shareholders having
    
voting rights, a statement setting forth the date of the meeting of the members or shareholders at which the election to accept this Act was made; that a quorum was present at such meeting, and that such acceptance was authorized either by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the votes present and voted either in person or by proxy, or in compliance with any different provision of the articles of incorporation or their equivalent or of the bylaws.
        (8) Where there are no members or shareholders having
    
voting rights, a statement of such fact, the date of the meeting of the board of directors at which the election to accept this Act was made, that a quorum was present at such meeting, and that such acceptance was authorized by majority vote of the directors present and voting at such meeting;
        (9) A statement that, in addition, the corporation
    
followed the requirements of its articles of incorporation and bylaws so far as applicable in effecting such acceptance;
        (10) Where the corporation has issued shares of
    
stock, a statement of such fact, including the number of shares theretofore authorized, the number issued and outstanding; and a statement that all issued and outstanding shares of stock have been delivered to the corporation to be canceled upon the acceptance of this Act by the corporation becoming effective and that from and after the effective date of said acceptance, the authority to issue shares shall be thereby terminated.
    (c) When the provisions of Subsection (b) have been complied with, the Secretary of State shall file the statement of acceptance.
    (d) Upon the filing of a statement of acceptance, the election of the corporation to accept this Act shall become effective, and such corporation shall have the same powers and privileges, and be subject to the same duties, restrictions, penalties and liabilities as though such corporation had been originally organized hereunder, and shall also be subject to any duty or obligation expressly imposed upon such corporation by its special charter; provided, however,
        (1) That no amendment to the articles of
    
incorporation adopted after such election to accept this Act shall release or terminate any duty or obligation expressly imposed upon any such corporation under and by virtue of such special charter, or enlarge any right, power, or privilege granted any such corporation under a special charter except to the extent that such right, power or privilege might have been included in the articles of incorporation of a corporation organized under this Act; and
        (2) That in the case of any corporation with issued
    
shares of stock, the holders of such issued shares who surrender them to the corporation to be canceled upon the acceptance of this Act by the corporation becoming effective, shall have such rights as the election to accept this Act provides.
(Source: P.A. 92-33, eff. 7-1-01.)

805 ILCS 105/101.80

    (805 ILCS 105/101.80) (from Ch. 32, par. 101.80)
    Sec. 101.80. Definitions. As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and phrases defined in this Section shall have the meanings set forth herein.
    (a) "Anniversary" means that day each year exactly one or more years after:
        (1) The date of filing the articles of incorporation
    
prescribed by Section 102.10 of this Act, in the case of a domestic corporation;
        (2) The date of filing the application for authority
    
prescribed by Section 113.15 of this Act in the case of a foreign corporation;
        (3) The date of filing the statement of acceptance
    
prescribed by Section 101.75 of this Act, in the case of a corporation electing to accept this Act; or
        (4) The date of filing the articles of consolidation
    
prescribed by Section 111.25 of this Act in the case of a consolidation.
    (b) "Anniversary month" means the month in which the anniversary of the corporation occurs.
    (c) "Articles of incorporation" means the original articles of incorporation including the articles of incorporation of a new corporation set forth in the articles of consolidation or set forth in a statement of election to accept this Act, and all amendments thereto, whether evidenced by articles of amendment, articles of merger or statement of correction affecting articles. Restated articles of incorporation shall supersede the original articles of incorporation and all amendments thereto prior to the effective date of filing the articles of amendment incorporating the restated articles of incorporation. In the case of a corporation created by a Special Act of the Legislature, "Articles of incorporation" means the special charter and any amendments thereto made by Special Act of the Legislature or pursuant to general laws.
    (d) "Board of directors" means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which such group is designated.
    (e) "Bylaws" means the code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated.
    (f) "Corporation" or "domestic corporation" means a domestic not-for-profit corporation subject to the provisions of this Act, except a foreign corporation.
    (g) "Delivered," for the purpose of determining if any notice required by this Act is effective, means:
        (1) Transferred or presented to someone in person;
        (2) Deposited in the United States mail addressed to
    
the person at his, her or its address as it appears on the records of the corporation, with sufficient first-class postage prepaid thereon;
        (3) Posted at such place and in such manner or
    
otherwise transmitted to the person's premises as may be authorized and set forth in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws; or
        (4) Transmitted by electronic means to the e-mail
    
address, facsimile number, or other contact information appearing on the records of the corporation as may be authorized or approved in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws.
    (h) "Foreign corporation" means a not-for-profit corporation as defined and organized under the laws other than the laws of this State, for a purpose or purposes for which a corporation may be organized under this Act.
    (i) "Incorporator" means one of the signers of the original articles of incorporation.
    (j) "Insolvent" means that a corporation is unable to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of the conduct of its affairs.
    (k) "Member" means a person or any organization, whether not for profit or otherwise, having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its articles of incorporation or bylaws.
    (l) "Net assets," for the purpose of determining the authority of a corporation to make distributions, is equal to the difference between the assets of the corporation and the liabilities of the corporation.
    (m) "Not-for-profit corporation" means a corporation subject to this Act and organized solely for one or more of the purposes authorized by Section 103.05 of this Act.
    (n) "Registered office" means that office maintained by the corporation in this State, the address of which is on file in the office of the Secretary of State, at which any process, notice or demand required or permitted by law may be served upon the registered agent of the corporation.
    (o) "Special charter" means the charter granted to a corporation created by special act of the Legislature whether or not the term "charter" or "special charter" is used in such special act.
    (p) Unless otherwise prohibited by the articles of incorporation or the bylaws of the corporation, actions required to be "written", to be "in writing", to have "written consent", to have "written approval" and the like by or of members, directors, or committee members shall include any communication transmitted or received by electronic means.
(Source: P.A. 96-649, eff. 1-1-10.)