Illinois Compiled Statutes
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HUMAN RIGHTS775 ILCS 5/Art. 3
(775 ILCS 5/) Illinois Human Rights Act.
(775 ILCS 5/Art. 3 heading)
REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS
775 ILCS 5/3-101
(775 ILCS 5/3-101)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-101)
The following definitions are applicable strictly
in the context of this Article:
(A) Real Property. "Real property" includes buildings, structures, real
estate, lands, tenements, leaseholds, interests in real estate cooperatives,
condominiums, and hereditaments, corporeal and incorporeal, or any interest
(B) Real Estate Transaction. "Real estate transaction" includes the
sale, exchange, rental or lease of real property. "Real estate
transaction" also includes the brokering or appraising of residential real
property and the making or purchasing of loans or providing other financial assistance:
(1) for purchasing, constructing, improving, repairing or maintaining a dwelling; or
(2) secured by residential real estate.
(C) Housing Accommodations. "Housing accommodation" includes any improved
or unimproved real property, or part thereof, which is used or occupied,
or is intended, arranged or designed to be used or occupied, as the home
or residence of one or more individuals.
(D) Real Estate Broker or Salesman. "Real estate broker or salesman"
means a person, whether licensed or not, who, for or with the expectation
of receiving a consideration, lists, sells, purchases, exchanges, rents,
or leases real property, or who negotiates or attempts to negotiate any
of these activities, or who holds himself or herself out as engaged in these.
(E) Familial Status. "Familial status" means one or more individuals
(who have not attained the age of 18 years) being domiciled with:
(1) a parent or person having legal custody of such individual or individuals; or
(2) the designee of such parent or other person having such custody,
with the written permission of such parent or
The protections afforded by this Article against discrimination on the
basis of familial status apply to any person who is pregnant or is in the
process of securing legal custody of any individual who has not attained
the age of 18 years.
(F) Conciliation. "Conciliation" means the attempted resolution of
issues raised by a charge, or by the investigation of
such charge, through informal negotiations involving the
aggrieved party, the respondent and the Department.
(G) Conciliation Agreement. "Conciliation agreement" means a written
agreement setting forth the resolution of the issues in conciliation.
(H) Covered Multifamily Dwellings. As used in Section 3-102.1, "covered
multifamily dwellings" means:
(1) buildings consisting of 4 or more units if such buildings have one
or more elevators; and
(2) ground floor units in other buildings consisting of 4 or more units.
(Source: P.A. 86-820; 86-910; 86-1028.)
775 ILCS 5/3-102
(775 ILCS 5/3-102)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-102)
Civil Rights Violations; Real Estate Transactions) It
is a civil rights violation for an owner or any other person engaging in
a real estate transaction, or for a real estate broker or salesman,
because of unlawful discrimination or familial status, to
(A) Transaction. Refuse to engage in a real estate transaction with
a person or to discriminate in making available such a transaction;
(B) Terms. Alter the terms, conditions or privileges of a real
estate transaction or in the furnishing of facilities or services in
(C) Offer. Refuse to receive or to fail to transmit a bona fide
offer to engage in a real estate transaction from a person;
(D) Negotiation. Refuse to negotiate for a real estate transaction
with a person;
(E) Representations. Represent to a person that real property is
not available for inspection, sale, rental, or lease when in fact it is
so available, or to fail to bring a property listing to his or her
attention, or to refuse to permit him or her to inspect real property;
(F) Publication of Intent. Print, circulate, post, mail,
publish or cause
to be so published a written or oral statement, advertisement or sign,
or to use a form
of application for a real estate transaction, or to make a record or
inquiry in connection with a prospective real estate transaction, which
expresses any limitation founded upon, or
indicates, directly or indirectly, an intent to engage in unlawful
(G) Listings. Offer, solicit, accept, use or retain a listing of
real property with knowledge that unlawful discrimination or
discrimination on the basis of familial status in a real estate
transaction is intended.
(Source: P.A. 86-910.)
775 ILCS 5/3-102.1
(775 ILCS 5/3-102.1)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-102.1)
(A) It is a civil rights violation to refuse
to sell or rent or to otherwise
make unavailable or deny a dwelling to any buyer or renter because of a
disability of that buyer or renter, a disability of a person residing or intending
to reside in that dwelling after it is sold, rented or made available or
a disability of any person associated with the buyer or renter.
(B) It is a civil rights violation to alter the terms, conditions or privileges
of sale or rental of a dwelling or the provision of services or facilities
in connection with such dwelling because of a disability of a person with a disability
or a disability of any person residing or intending to reside in that dwelling
after it is sold, rented or made available, or a disability of any person associated
with that person.
(C) It is a civil rights violation:
(1) to refuse to permit, at the expense of the
person with a disability, reasonable modifications of existing premises occupied or to be occupied by such person if such modifications may be necessary to afford such person full enjoyment of the premises; except that, in the case of a rental, the landlord may, where it is reasonable to do so, condition permission for a modification on the renter agreeing to restore the interior of the premises to the condition that existed before modifications, reasonable wear and tear excepted. The landlord may not increase for persons with a disability any customarily required security deposit. However, where it is necessary in order to ensure with reasonable certainty that funds will be available to pay for the restorations at the end of the tenancy, the landlord may negotiate as part of such a restoration agreement a provision requiring that the tenant pay into an interest bearing escrow account, over a reasonable period, a reasonable amount of money not to exceed the cost of the restorations. The interest in any such account shall accrue to the benefit of the tenant. A landlord may condition permission for a modification on the renter providing a reasonable description of the proposed modifications as well as reasonable assurances that the work will be done in a workmanlike manner and that any required building permits will be obtained;
(2) to refuse to make reasonable accommodations in
rules, policies, practices, or services, when such accommodations may be necessary to afford such person equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling; or
(3) in connection with the design and construction of
covered multifamily dwellings for first occupancy after March 13, 1991, to fail to design and construct those dwellings in such a manner that:
(a) the public use and common use portions of
such dwellings are readily accessible to and usable by persons with a disability;
(b) all the doors designed to allow passage into
and within all premises within such dwellings are sufficiently wide to allow passage by persons with a disability in wheelchairs; and
(c) all premises within such dwellings contain
the following features of adaptive design:
(i) an accessible route into and through the
(ii) light switches, electrical outlets,
thermostats, and other environmental controls in accessible locations;
(iii) reinforcements in bathroom walls to
allow later installation of grab bars; and
(iv) usable kitchens and bathrooms such that
an individual in a wheelchair can maneuver about the space.
(D) Compliance with the appropriate standards of the Illinois Accessibility
Code for adaptable dwelling units (71 Illinois Administrative Code Section 400.350 (e)
1-6) suffices to satisfy the requirements of subsection (C)(3)(c).
(E) If a unit of local government has incorporated into its law the
requirements set forth in subsection (C)(3), compliance
with its law shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of that subsection.
(F) A unit of local government may review and approve newly constructed
covered multifamily dwellings for the purpose of making determinations as
to whether the design and construction requirements
of subsection (C)(3) are met.
(G) The Department shall encourage, but may not require, units of local
government to include in their existing procedures for the review and
approval of newly constructed covered multifamily dwellings, determinations
as to whether the design and construction of such dwellings are consistent
with subsection (C)(3), and shall provide technical
assistance to units of local government and other persons to implement the
requirements of subsection (C)(3).
(H) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to require the Department
to review or approve the plans, designs or construction of all covered
multifamily dwellings to determine whether the design and construction of
such dwellings are consistent with the requirements of
(I) Nothing in subsections (E), (F), (G) or (H) shall be construed to
affect the authority
and responsibility of the Department to receive and
process complaints or otherwise engage in enforcement activities under
State and local law.
(J) Determinations by a unit of local government under subsections (E)
and (F) shall not be conclusive in enforcement proceedings under this Act
if those determinations are not in accord with the terms of this Act.
(K) Nothing in this Section requires that a dwelling be made available to
an individual whose tenancy would constitute a direct threat to the health
or safety of others or would result in substantial physical damage to the
property of others.
(Source: P.A. 95-668, eff. 10-10-07.)
775 ILCS 5/3-103
(775 ILCS 5/3-103)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-103)
Blockbusting. It is a civil rights violation for any
(A) Solicitation. Solicit for sale, lease, listing or purchase any
residential real estate within this State, on the grounds of loss of
value due to the present or prospective entry into the vicinity of the
property involved of any person or persons of any particular race,
color, religion, national origin, ancestry, age, sex, sexual orientation,
familial status or
(B) Statements. Distribute or cause to be distributed, written
material or statements designed to induce any owner of residential real
estate in this State to sell or lease his or her property because of any
present or prospective changes in the race, color, religion, national
origin, ancestry, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, familial
status or disability
of residents in
the vicinity of the property involved.
(C) Creating Alarm. Intentionally create alarm, among residents of
any community, by transmitting communications in any manner, including
a telephone call
whether or not conversation thereby ensues, with a design to induce any
owner of residential real estate in this state to sell or lease his or
her property because of any present or prospective entry into the
vicinity of the property involved of any person or persons of any
particular race, color, religion, national origin, ancestry, age, sex, sexual
status, familial status or disability.
(Source: P.A. 97-877, eff. 8-2-12.)
775 ILCS 5/3-104.1
(775 ILCS 5/3-104.1)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-104.1)
Refusal to sell or rent because a person has a guide,
hearing or support dog. It is a civil rights violation for the
owner or agent of any housing accommodation to:
(A) refuse to sell or rent after the making of a bonafide offer, or to
refuse to negotiate for the sale or rental of, or otherwise make unavailable
or deny property to any blind, hearing impaired or physically
disabled person because he has a guide, hearing or support dog; or
(B) discriminate against any blind, hearing impaired or physically
disabled person in the terms, conditions, or privileges of sale or
rental property, or in the provision of services or facilities in connection
therewith, because he has a guide, hearing or support dog; or
(C) require, because a blind, hearing impaired or physically
disabled person has a guide, hearing or support dog,
an extra charge in a lease, rental agreement, or contract of purchase or
sale, other than for actual damage done to the premises by the dog.
(Source: P.A. 95-668, eff. 10-10-07.)
775 ILCS 5/3-105
(775 ILCS 5/3-105)
(from Ch. 68, par. 3-105)
(A) Agreements. Every provision in an oral agreement or a written instrument
relating to real property which purports to forbid or restrict the conveyance,
encumbrance, occupancy or lease thereof on the basis of race, color, religion,
or national origin is void.
(B) Limitations. (1) Every condition, restriction or prohibition, including
a right of entry or possibility of reverter, which directly or indirectly
limits the use or occupancy of real property on the basis of race, color,
religion, or national origin is void.
(2) This Section shall not apply to a limitation of use on the basis of
religion of real property held by a religious institution or organization
or by a religious or charitable organization operated, supervised, or controlled
by a religious institution or organization, and used for religious or charitable
(C) Civil Rights Violations. It is a civil rights violation to insert
in a written instrument relating to real property a provision that is void
under this Section or to honor or attempt to honor such a provision in the
chain of title.
(Source: P.A. 81-1216.)
775 ILCS 5/3-105.1
(775 ILCS 5/3-105.1)
Interference, coercion, or intimidation.
It is a civil rights violation to coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with any person in the exercise or enjoyment of, or on account of his or her having exercised or enjoyed, or on account of his or her having aided or encouraged any other person in the exercise or enjoyment of, any right granted or protected by this Article 3.
(Source: P.A. 94-78, eff. 1-1-06.)