Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
ESTATES755 ILCS 5/Art. XIII
(755 ILCS 5/) Probate Act of 1975.
(755 ILCS 5/Art. XIII heading)
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATORS, GUARDIANS AND CONSERVATORS
755 ILCS 5/13-1
(755 ILCS 5/13-1)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-1)
Appointment and term of public administrator and public guardian.)
Except as provided in Section 13-1.1, before the first Monday of December,
1977 and every 4 years thereafter, and as often as vacancies occur, the
Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall
appoint in each county a suitable person to serve as public
administrator and a suitable person to serve as public guardian of the county.
The Governor may designate, without the advice and consent of the Senate, the Office of State Guardian as an interim public guardian to fill a vacancy in one or more counties having a population of 500,000 or less if the designation:
(1) is specifically designated as an interim
appointment for a term of the lesser of one year or until the Governor appoints, with the advice and consent of the Senate, a county public guardian to fill the vacancy;
(2) requires the Office of State Guardian to affirm
its availability to act in the county; and
(3) expires in a pending case of a person with a
disability in the county at such a time as the court appoints a qualified successor guardian of the estate and person for the person with a disability.
When appointed as an interim public guardian, the State Guardian will perform the powers and duties assigned under the Guardianship and Advocacy Act.
The Governor may appoint the same person to serve as public guardian and public administrator in one or more counties. In considering the number of counties of service for any prospective public guardian or public administrator the Governor may consider the population of the county and the ability of the prospective public guardian or public administrator to travel to multiple counties and manage estates in multiple counties. Each person so appointed holds his office for
4 years from the first Monday of December, 1977 and every 4 years
thereafter or until his successor is appointed and qualified.
(Source: P.A. 100-483, eff. 9-8-18
755 ILCS 5/13-1.1
(755 ILCS 5/13-1.1)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-1.1)
Appointment and term of public guardian in counties having
a population in excess of 1,000,000.) As soon as practicable
after the effective date of this amendatory Act, the chief judge of the
Circuit Court in each circuit shall appoint for each county in the circuit
having a population in excess of 1,000,000 to the office of public guardian
a duly licensed attorney who shall hold office, death or resignation not
intervening, at the pleasure of the chief judge; and whenever a vacancy
occurs in the office it shall be filled in a like manner.
(Source: P.A. 81-1052.)
755 ILCS 5/13-1.2
(755 ILCS 5/13-1.2)
Each person appointed as a public guardian by the Governor shall be certified as a National Certified Guardian by the Center for Guardianship Certification within 6 months after his or her appointment. The Guardianship and Advocacy Commission shall provide public guardians with information about certification requirements and procedures for testing and certification offered by the Center for Guardianship Certification. The cost of certification shall be considered an expense connected with the operation of the public guardian's office within the meaning of subsection (b) of Section 13-3.1 of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 100-483, eff. 9-8-18
755 ILCS 5/13-2
(755 ILCS 5/13-2)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-2)
Bond and oath.)
Before entering upon the performance of
his duties, every public administrator and every public guardian shall take
and file in the court an oath or affirmation that
he will support the Constitution of the United States and the
Constitution of the State of Illinois and will faithfully discharge the
duties of his office and shall enter into a bond payable to the people
of the State of Illinois in a sum of not less than $5,000 with security
as provided by this Act and approved by the court of the county in
which he is appointed, conditioned that he will faithfully discharge
the duties of his office. The court may from time to time require
additional security of the public administrator or guardian
and may require him to give the usual bond required of representatives
of estates of decedents, or persons with disabilities
in other cases. In
default of his giving bond within 60 days after receiving his commission
or of his giving additional security within 60 days after being ordered
by the court to do so, his office is deemed vacant and upon certificate
of a judge of the court of that fact the Governor or the Circuit Court
shall fill the
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
755 ILCS 5/13-3
(755 ILCS 5/13-3)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-3)
Compensation of public administrator.
(a) In counties having a population in excess of 1,000,000
the public administrator shall pay all the fees collected by the office into
the county treasury. Each year, the county board shall appropriate an amount
to be paid to the public administrator as compensation for the public
administrator's performance of his or her duties and such compensation shall be
paid at a minimum level of $20,000 annually. That amount shall be paid
from the fees collected by the office of the public administrator. The
county board in such counties shall fix the amount for the public
administrator's compensation and necessary clerk hire,
and office expense in the annual county budget and appropriation ordinances,
which shall be paid from the
county treasury. In such counties all fees of the office of public
administrator are subject to audit the same as are fees of other county
(b) In counties having a population of 1,000,000 or
less the public administrator may receive all the fees
of his office and shall bear the expenses connected with
the operation of such office.
(Source: P.A. 89-135, eff. 7-14-95.)
755 ILCS 5/13-3.1
(755 ILCS 5/13-3.1)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-3.1)
Compensation of public guardian.
(a) In counties having a population
in excess of 1,000,000 the public guardian shall be paid an annual salary,
to be set by the County Board at a figure not to exceed the salary of the
public defender for the county. All expenses connected with the operation
of the office shall be subject to the approval of the County Board and shall
be paid from the county treasury. All fees collected shall be paid into
the county treasury.
(b) In counties having a population of 1,000,000 or less the public guardian shall receive all the fees of his office and bear the expenses connected with the operation of the office. A public guardian shall be entitled to reasonable and appropriate compensation for services related to guardianship duties but all fees must be reviewed and approved by the court. A public guardian may petition the court for the payment of reasonable and appropriate fees. In counties having a population of 1,000,000 or less, the public guardian shall do so on not less than a yearly basis, or sooner as approved by the court. Any fees or expenses charged by a public guardian shall be documented through billings and maintained by the guardian and supplied to the court for review. In considering the reasonableness of any fee petition brought by a public guardian under this Section, the court shall consider the following:
(1) the powers and duties assigned to the public
(2) the necessity of any services provided;
(3) the time required, the degree of difficulty, and
the experience needed to complete the task;
(4) the needs of the ward and the costs of
(5) other facts and circumstances material to the
best interests of the ward or his or her estate.
(c) When the public guardian is appointed as the temporary guardian of an adult with a disability pursuant to an emergency petition under circumstances when the court finds that the immediate establishment of a temporary guardianship is necessary to protect the health, welfare, or estate of the adult with a disability, the public guardian shall be entitled to reasonable and appropriate fees, as determined by the court, for the period of the temporary guardianship, including fees directly associated with establishing the temporary guardianship.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
755 ILCS 5/13-4
(755 ILCS 5/13-4)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-4)
Powers and duties of public administrator.)
(a) When a person dies owning any real or personal
estate in this State and there is no person in this State
having a prior right to administer his estate, the public
administrator of the county of which the decedent was a
resident, or of the county in which his estate is situated, if
the decedent was a nonresident of this State, may take such
measures as he deems proper to protect and secure the estate
from waste, loss or embezzlement until letters of office
on the estate are issued to the person entitled thereto or
until a demand for the removal of the personal estate from
this State is made by a nonresident representative pursuant
to the authority granted by this Act. When letters of office
are issued to the public administrator, he has the same
powers and duties as other representatives of decedents'
estates appointed under this Act until he is discharged or
his authority is sooner terminated by order of court.
(b) In counties having a population in excess of 1,000,000 inhabitants,
a public administrator shall retain his or her records in accordance with the Local Records Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-882, eff. 1-1-13.)
755 ILCS 5/13-5
(755 ILCS 5/13-5)
(from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 13-5)
Powers and duties of public guardian.)
The court may appoint
the public guardian as the guardian of any adult with a disability who is in need
of a public guardian and whose estate exceeds $25,000. When an adult with a disability
who has a smaller estate is in need of guardianship services, the court
shall appoint the State guardian pursuant to Section 30 of the Guardianship
and Advocacy Act.
If the public guardian is appointed guardian of an adult with a disability and the
estate of the adult with a disability is thereafter reduced to less than $25,000, the
court may, upon the petition of the public guardian and the approval by the
court of a final accounting of the estate of the adult with a disability, discharge the
public guardian and transfer the guardianship to the State guardian. The
public guardian shall serve not less than 14 days' notice to the State guardian
of the hearing date regarding the transfer.
When appointed by the court, the public guardian has the
same powers and duties as other guardians appointed under this Act, with
the following additions and modifications:
(a) The public guardian shall monitor the ward and his care and progress
on a continuous basis. Monitoring shall at minimum consist of monthly
contact with the ward, and the receipt of periodic reports from all
individuals and agencies, public or private, providing care or related
services to the ward.
(b) Placement of a ward outside of the ward's home may be made only after
the public guardian or his representative has visited the facility in which
placement is proposed.
(c) The public guardian shall prepare an inventory of the ward's belongings
and assets and shall maintain insurance on all of the ward's real and personal
property, unless the court determines, and issues an order finding, that (1) the real or personal property lacks sufficient equity, (2) the estate lacks sufficient funds to pay for insurance, or (3) the property is otherwise uninsurable. No personal property shall be removed from the ward's possession
except for storage pending final placement or for liquidation in accordance
with this Act.
(d) The public guardian shall make no substantial distribution of the
ward's estate without a court order.
(e) The public guardian may liquidate assets of the ward to pay for the
costs of the ward's care and for storage of the ward's personal property
only after notice of such pending action is given to all potential heirs
at law, unless notice is waived by the court; provided, however, that a
person who has been so notified may elect to pay for care or storage or
to pay fair market value of the asset or assets sought to be sold in lieu
(f) Real property of the ward may be sold at fair market value after an
appraisal of the property has been made by a licensed appraiser; provided,
however, that the ward's residence may be sold only if the court finds that
the ward is not likely to be able to return home at a future date.
(g) The public guardian shall, at such intervals as the court may direct,
submit to the court an affidavit setting forth in detail the services he
has provided for the benefit of the ward.
(h) Upon the death of the ward, the public guardian shall turn over to
the court-appointed administrator all of the ward's assets and an account
of his receipt and administration of the ward's property. A guardian ad
litem shall be appointed for an accounting when the estate exceeds the amount
set in Section 25-1 of this Act for administration of small estates.
(i)(1) On petition of any person who appears to have an interest in
the estate, the court by temporary order may restrain the public guardian
from performing specified acts of administration, disbursement or distribution,
or from exercise of any powers or discharge of any duties of his office,
or make any other order to secure proper performance of his duty, if it
appears to the court that the public guardian might otherwise take some
action contrary to the best interests of the ward. Persons with whom the
public guardian may transact business may be made parties.
(2) The matter shall be set for hearing within 10 days unless the parties
otherwise agree or unless for good cause shown the court determines that
additional time is required. Notice as the court directs shall be given
to the public guardian and his attorney of record, if any, and to any other
parties named defendant in the petition.
(j) On petition of the public guardian, the court in its discretion may
for good cause shown transfer guardianship to the State guardian.
(k) No later than January 31 of each year, the public guardian shall file
an annual report with the clerk of the Circuit Court, indicating, with respect
to the period covered by the report, the number of cases which he has handled,
the date on which each case was assigned, the date of termination of each
case which has been closed during the period, the disposition of each
terminated case, and the total amount of fees collected during the period
from each ward.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)