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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CIVIL PROCEDURE
(735 ILCS 5/) Code of Civil Procedure.

735 ILCS 5/Art. XI

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XI heading)
ARTICLE XI
INJUNCTION

735 ILCS 5/Art. XI Pt. 1

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XI Pt. 1 heading)
Part 1. In General

735 ILCS 5/11-101

    (735 ILCS 5/11-101) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-101)
    Sec. 11-101. Temporary restraining order. No temporary restraining order shall be granted without notice to the adverse party unless it clearly appears from specific facts shown by affidavit or by the verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the applicant before notice can be served and a hearing had thereon. Every temporary restraining order granted without notice shall be indorsed with the date and hour of signing; shall be filed forthwith in the clerk's office; shall define the injury and state why it is irreparable and why the order was granted without notice; and shall expire by its terms within such time after the signing of the order, not to exceed 10 days, as the court fixes, unless within the time so fixed the order, for good cause shown, is extended for a like period or unless the party against whom the order is directed consents that it may be extended for a longer period. The reasons for the granting of the extension shall be stated in the written order of the court. In case a temporary restraining order is granted without notice, the motion for a preliminary injunction shall be set for hearing at the earliest possible time and takes precedence over all matters except older matters of the same character; and when the motion comes on for hearing the party who obtained the temporary restraining order shall proceed with the application for a preliminary injunction and, if he or she does not do so, the court shall dissolve the temporary restraining order.
    On 2 days' notice to the party who obtained the temporary restraining order without notice or on such shorter notice to that party as the court may prescribe, the adverse party may appear and move its dissolution or modification and in that event the court shall proceed to hear and determine such motion as expeditiously as the ends of justice require.
    Every order granting an injunction and every restraining order shall set forth the reasons for its entry; shall be specific in terms; shall describe in reasonable detail, and not by reference to the complaint or other document, the act or acts sought to be restrained; and is binding only upon the parties to the action, their officers, agents, employees, and attorneys, and upon those persons in active concert or participation with them who receive actual notice of the order by personal service or otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 84-554.)

735 ILCS 5/11-102

    (735 ILCS 5/11-102) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-102)
    Sec. 11-102. Preliminary injunction. No court or judge shall grant a preliminary injunction without previous notice of the time and place of the application having been given the adverse party.
(Source: P.A. 84-282.)

735 ILCS 5/11-103

    (735 ILCS 5/11-103) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-103)
    Sec. 11-103. Bond. The court in its discretion, may before entering a restraining order or a preliminary injunction, require the applicant to give bond in such sum, upon such condition and with such security as may be deemed proper by the court, for the payment of such costs and damages as may be incurred or suffered by any party who is found to have been wrongfully enjoined or restrained.
    No such bond shall be required of any governmental office or agency.
    A surety upon a bond or undertaking under Article XI of this Act submits to the jurisdiction of the court and irrevocably appoints the clerk of the court as the surety's agent upon whom any papers affecting the surety's liability on the bond or undertaking may be served. Such liability may be enforced on motion without the necessity of an independent action. The motion and such notice of motion as the court prescribes may be served on the clerk of the court who shall forthwith mail copies to the persons giving the security if their addresses are known.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/11-104

    (735 ILCS 5/11-104) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-104)
    Sec. 11-104. Bond before court or clerk. The bond may be entered into before the court granting or ordering the injunction, or before the clerk of the court, if the court has approved the security.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-105

    (735 ILCS 5/11-105) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-105)
    Sec. 11-105. Filing of bond. All bonds required by Article XI of this Act shall be filed with the clerk of the court who is to certify the injunctive order or judgment.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/11-106

    (735 ILCS 5/11-106) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-106)
    Sec. 11-106. Injunctive relief on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday. When an application is made on a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or on a day when courts are not in session for injunctive relief and there is filed with the complaint an affidavit of the plaintiff, or his, her or their agent or attorney, stating that the benefits of injunctive relief will be lost or endangered, or irremediable damage occasioned unless such injunctive relief is immediately granted, and stating the bases for such alleged consequence, and if it appears to the court from such affidavit that the benefits of injunctive relief will be lost or endangered, or irremediable damage occasioned unless such injunctive relief is immediately granted, and if the plaintiff otherwise is entitled to such relief under the law, the court may grant injunctive relief on a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday, or on a day when courts are not in session; and it shall be lawful for the clerk to certify, and for the sheriff or coroner to serve such order for injunctive relief on a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or on a day when courts are not in session as on any other day, and all affidavits and bonds made and proceedings had in such case shall have the same force and effect as if made or had on any other day.
(Source: P.A. 98-756, eff. 7-16-14.)

735 ILCS 5/11-107

    (735 ILCS 5/11-107) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-107)
    Sec. 11-107. Seeking wrong remedy not fatal. Where relief is sought under Article XI of this Act and the court determines, on motion directed to the pleadings, or on motion for summary judgment or upon trial, that the plaintiff has pleaded or established facts which entitle the plaintiff to relief but that the plaintiff has sought the wrong remedy, the court shall permit the pleadings to be amended, on just and reasonable terms, and the court shall grant the relief to which plaintiff is entitled on the amended pleadings or upon the evidence. In considering whether a proposed amendment is just and reasonable, the court shall consider the right of the defendant to assert additional defenses, to demand a trial by jury, to plead a counterclaim or third party complaint, and to order the plaintiff to take additional steps which were not required under the pleadings as previously filed.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-107.1

    (735 ILCS 5/11-107.1) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-107.1)
    Sec. 11-107.1. Injunctive relief for the father of an unborn child in an abortion related decision by the mother. In any case when a married woman wishes to have an abortion performed upon her, and her spouse, who is the father of the unborn child, is opposed to the performance of that abortion, a court may hear testimony from both parties and balance the rights and interests of those parties.
    When the interests of the husband in preventing the abortion outweigh those of the wife in having an abortion performed after the unborn child is viable, the court may issue an injunction against the performance of the abortion but only where the court makes a finding that the mother's life or physical health are not in danger.
(Source: P.A. 84-1000.)

735 ILCS 5/11-108

    (735 ILCS 5/11-108) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-108)
    Sec. 11-108. Motion to dissolve. A motion to dissolve an injunction may be made at any time before or after answer is filed. Upon a motion to dissolve an injunction after answer is filed the court shall decide the motion upon the weight of the evidence.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-109

    (735 ILCS 5/11-109) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-109)
    Sec. 11-109. Affidavits in support of motion to dissolve. The plaintiff may support the complaint and the defendant may support the answer by affidavits filed with the same, which may be read in evidence on the hearing of the motion to dissolve the injunction.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-110

    (735 ILCS 5/11-110) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-110)
    Sec. 11-110. Assessing damages. In all cases where a temporary restraining order or a preliminary injunction is dissolved by the circuit court or by the reviewing court, the circuit court, after the dissolution of the temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction, and before finally disposing of the action shall, upon the party claiming damages by reason of such temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction, filing a petition under oath setting forth the nature and amount of damages suffered, determine and enter judgment in favor of the party who was injured by such temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction for the damages which the party suffered as a result thereof, which judgment may be enforced as other judgments for the payment of money. However, a failure so to assess damages as hereinabove set out shall not operate as a bar to an action upon the injunction bond.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XI Pt. 3

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XI Pt. 3 heading)
Part 3. Disbursement of Public Moneys

735 ILCS 5/11-301

    (735 ILCS 5/11-301) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-301)
    Sec. 11-301. Who may file action. An action to restrain and enjoin the disbursement of public funds by any officer or officers of the State government may be maintained either by the Attorney General or by any citizen and taxpayer of the State.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-302

    (735 ILCS 5/11-302) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-302)
    Sec. 11-302. Action by Attorney General. Such action may be maintained by the Attorney General, by filing in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the proper county a complaint in the name of the People of the State of Illinois. When such complaint is filed, it shall be presented to the court and an order shall be entered thereon showing the day of presentation and the day, which shall not be less than 5 days and not more than 10 days thereafter, when the court will hear the same.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/11-303

    (735 ILCS 5/11-303) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-303)
    Sec. 11-303. Action by private citizen. Such action, when prosecuted by a citizen and taxpayer of the State, shall be commenced by petition for leave to file an action to restrain and enjoin the defendant or defendants from disbursing the public funds of the State. Such petition shall have attached thereto a copy of the complaint, leave to file which is petitioned for. Upon the filing of such petition, it shall be presented to the court, and the court shall enter an order stating the date of the presentation of the petition and fixing a day, which shall not be less than 5 nor more than 10 days thereafter, when such petition for leave to file the action will be heard. The court shall also order the petitioner to give notice in writing to each defendant named therein and to the Attorney General, specifying in such notice the fact of the presentation of such petition and the date and time when the same will be heard. Such notice shall be served upon the defendants and upon the Attorney General, as the case may be, at least 5 days before the hearing of such petition.
    Upon such hearing, if the court is satisfied that there is reasonable ground for the filing of such action, the court may grant the petition and order the complaint to be filed and process to issue. The court may, in its discretion, grant leave to file the complaint as to certain items, parts or portions of any appropriation Act sought to be enjoined and mentioned in such complaint, and may deny leave as to the rest.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/11-304

    (735 ILCS 5/11-304) (from Ch. 110, par. 11-304)
    Sec. 11-304. Summons - Pleadings. Upon the filing of the complaint, summons shall be issued commanding the defendant or defendants to appear on the day named therein, which shall not be less than 5 days nor more than 10 days thereafter, as shall be directed by the court. Such summons shall be served at least 5 days before the return day thereof in the same manner as summons is served in other civil cases.
    Every defendant who is summoned shall appear by filing a pleading or motion in the cause on the return day of the summons as in other civil cases, and such action shall be given preference in hearing over all other cases.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)