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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 5/) Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.

725 ILCS 5/102-2

    (725 ILCS 5/102-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-2)
    Sec. 102-2. Reference to criminal code for words and phrases not described. A word or phrase not described in this Code but which is described in Article 2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall have the meaning therein described, except when a particular context in this Code clearly requires a different meaning.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/102-3

    (725 ILCS 5/102-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-3)
    Sec. 102-3. Singular term includes plural-Gender.
    A singular term shall include the plural and the masculine gender shall include the feminine except when a particular context clearly requires a different meaning.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-3.5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-3.5)
    Sec. 102-3.5. "Aftercare release". "Aftercare release" means the conditional and revocable release of a person committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, under the supervision of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/102-4

    (725 ILCS 5/102-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-4)
    Sec. 102-4. "Arraignment".
    "Arraignment" means the formal act of calling the defendant into open court, informing him of the offense with which he is charged, and asking him whether he is guilty or not guilty.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-5

    (725 ILCS 5/102-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-5)
    Sec. 102-5. "Arrest".
    "Arrest" means the taking of a person into custody.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-6

    (725 ILCS 5/102-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-6)
    Sec. 102-6. "Bail".
    "Bail" means the amount of money set by the court which is required to be obligated and secured as provided by law for the release of a person in custody in order that he will appear before the court in which his appearance may be required and that he will comply with such conditions as set forth in the bail bond.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-7

    (725 ILCS 5/102-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-7)
    Sec. 102-7. "Bail bond".
    "Bail bond" means an undertaking secured by bail entered into by a person in custody by which he binds himself to comply with such conditions as are set forth therein.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-8

    (725 ILCS 5/102-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-8)
    Sec. 102-8. "Charge".
    "Charge" means a written statement presented to a court accusing a person of the commission of an offense and includes complaint, information and indictment.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-9

    (725 ILCS 5/102-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-9)
    Sec. 102-9. "Complaint".
    "Complaint" means a verified written statement other than an information or an indictment, presented to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-10

    (725 ILCS 5/102-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-10)
    Sec. 102-10. "Court".
    "Court" means a place where justice is judicially administered and includes a judge thereof.
(Source: P.A. 77-1286.)

725 ILCS 5/102-11

    (725 ILCS 5/102-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-11)
    Sec. 102-11. "Indictment".
    "Indictment" means a written statement, presented by the Grand Jury to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-12

    (725 ILCS 5/102-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-12)
    Sec. 102-12. "Information".
    "Information" means a verified written statement signed by a State's Attorney, and presented to a court, which charges the commission of an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-13

    (725 ILCS 5/102-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-13)
    Sec. 102-13. "Judge".
    "Judge" means a person who is invested by law with the power to perform judicial functions and includes a court when a particular context so requires.
(Source: P.A. 77-1286.)

725 ILCS 5/102-14

    (725 ILCS 5/102-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-14)
    Sec. 102-14. "Judgment".
    "Judgment" means an adjudication by the court that the defendant is guilty or not guilty and if the adjudication is that the defendant is guilty it includes the sentence pronounced by the court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-15

    (725 ILCS 5/102-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-15)
    Sec. 102-15. "Offense".
    "Offense" means a violation of any penal statute of this State.
(Source: P.A. 76-1796.)

725 ILCS 5/102-16

    (725 ILCS 5/102-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-16)
    Sec. 102-16. "Parole". "Parole" means the conditional and revocable release of a person committed to the Department of Corrections under the supervision of a paroling authority.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/102-17

    (725 ILCS 5/102-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-17)
    Sec. 102-17. "Preliminary examination".
    "Preliminary examination" means a hearing before a judge to determine if there is probable cause to believe that the person accused has committed an offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-18

    (725 ILCS 5/102-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-18)
    Sec. 102-18. "Probation".
    "Probation" means a sentence or adjudication of conditional and revocable release under the supervision of a probation officer.
(Source: P.A. 77-2476.)

725 ILCS 5/102-19

    (725 ILCS 5/102-19) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-19)
    Sec. 102-19. "Recognizance".
    "Recognizance" means an undertaking without security entered into by a person by which he binds himself to comply with such conditions as are set forth therein and which may provide for the forfeiture of a sum set by the court on failure to comply with the conditions thereof.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/102-20

    (725 ILCS 5/102-20) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-20)
    Sec. 102-20. "Sentence".
    "Sentence" is the disposition imposed on the defendant by the court.
(Source: P.A. 77-2476.)

725 ILCS 5/102-21

    (725 ILCS 5/102-21) (from Ch. 38, par. 102-21)
    Sec. 102-21. Clinical psychologist; court-appointed examiner.
    (a) "Clinical psychologist" means a psychologist licensed under the Clinical Psychologist Licensing Act.
    (b) "Court-appointed examiner" means a clinical social worker as defined in Section 9 of the Clinical Social Work and Social Work Practice Act.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

725 ILCS 5/102-22

    (725 ILCS 5/102-22)
    Sec. 102-22. "Facility director", for the purposes of Article 104, means the chief officer of a mental health or developmental disabilities facility or his or her designee or the supervisor of a program of treatment or habilitation or his or her designee. "Designee" may include a physician, clinical psychologist, social worker, or nurse.
(Source: P.A. 90-105, eff. 7-11-97.)

725 ILCS 5/102-23

    (725 ILCS 5/102-23)
    Sec. 102-23. "Moderately intellectually disabled person" means a person whose intelligence quotient is between 41 and 55 and who does not suffer from significant mental illness to the extent that the person's ability to exercise rational judgment is impaired.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 103

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 103 heading)
ARTICLE 103. RIGHTS OF ACCUSED

725 ILCS 5/103-1

    (725 ILCS 5/103-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-1)
    Sec. 103-1. Rights on arrest. (a) After an arrest on a warrant the person making the arrest shall inform the person arrested that a warrant has been issued for his arrest and the nature of the offense specified in the warrant.
    (b) After an arrest without a warrant the person making the arrest shall inform the person arrested of the nature of the offense on which the arrest is based.
    (c) No person arrested for a traffic, regulatory or misdemeanor offense, except in cases involving weapons or a controlled substance, shall be strip searched unless there is reasonable belief that the individual is concealing a weapon or controlled substance.
    (d) "Strip search" means having an arrested person remove or arrange some or all of his or her clothing so as to permit a visual inspection of the genitals, buttocks, anus, female breasts or undergarments of such person.
    (e) All strip searches conducted under this Section shall be performed by persons of the same sex as the arrested person and on premises where the search cannot be observed by persons not physically conducting the search.
    (f) Every peace officer or employee of a police department conducting a strip search shall:
    (1) Obtain the written permission of the police commander or an agent thereof designated for the purposes of authorizing a strip search in accordance with this Section.
    (2) Prepare a report of the strip search. The report shall include the written authorization required by paragraph (1) of this subsection (f), the name of the person subjected to the search, the names of the persons conducting the search, and the time, date and place of the search. A copy of the report shall be provided to the person subject to the search.
    (g) No search of any body cavity other than the mouth shall be conducted without a duly executed search warrant; any warrant authorizing a body cavity search shall specify that the search must be performed under sanitary conditions and conducted either by or under the supervision of a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches in this State.
    (h) Any peace officer or employee who knowingly or intentionally fails to comply with any provision of this Section is guilty of official misconduct as provided in Section 103-8; provided however, that nothing contained in this Section shall preclude prosecution of a peace officer or employee under another section of this Code.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed as limiting any statutory or common law rights of any person for purposes of any civil action or injunctive relief.
    (j) The provisions of subsections (c) through (h) of this Section shall not apply when the person is taken into custody by or remanded to the sheriff or correctional institution pursuant to a court order.
(Source: P.A. 81-1509.)

725 ILCS 5/103-2

    (725 ILCS 5/103-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-2)
    Sec. 103-2. Treatment while in custody.
    (a) On being taken into custody every person shall have the right to remain silent.
    (b) No unlawful means of any kind shall be used to obtain a statement, admission or confession from any person in custody.
    (c) Persons in custody shall be treated humanely and provided with proper food, shelter and, if required, medical treatment.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/103-2.1

    (725 ILCS 5/103-2.1)
    Sec. 103-2.1. When statements by accused may be used.
    (a) In this Section, "custodial interrogation" means any interrogation during which (i) a reasonable person in the subject's position would consider himself or herself to be in custody and (ii) during which a question is asked that is reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response.
    In this Section, "place of detention" means a building or a police station that is a place of operation for a municipal police department or county sheriff department or other law enforcement agency, not a courthouse, that is owned or operated by a law enforcement agency at which persons are or may be held in detention in connection with criminal charges against those persons.
    In this Section, "electronic recording" includes motion picture, audiotape, or videotape, or digital recording.
    (b) An oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused in any criminal proceeding brought under Section 9-1, 9-1.2, 9-2, 9-2.1, 9-3, 9-3.2, or 9-3.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or under clause (d)(1)(F) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code unless:
        (1) an electronic recording is made of the custodial
    
interrogation; and
        (2) the recording is substantially accurate and not
    
intentionally altered.
    (b-5) Under the following circumstances, an oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused, unless an electronic recording is made of the custodial interrogation and the recording is substantially accurate and not intentionally altered:
        (1) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
11-1.40 or 20-1.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2014;
        (2) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
10-2, 18-4, or 19-6 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2015; and
        (3) in any criminal proceeding brought under Section
    
11-1.30 or 18-2 or subsection (e) of Section 12-3.05 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, if the custodial interrogation was conducted on or after June 1, 2016.
    (b-10) If, during the course of an electronically recorded custodial interrogation conducted under this Section, the accused makes a statement that creates a reasonable suspicion to believe the accused has committed an offense other than an offense required to be recorded under subsection (b) or (b-5), the interrogators may, without the accused's consent, continue to record the interrogation as it relates to the other offense notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary. Any oral, written, or sign language statement of an accused made as a result of an interrogation under this subsection shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the accused in any criminal proceeding, unless the recording is substantially accurate and not intentionally altered.
    (c) Every electronic recording made under this Section must be preserved until such time as the defendant's conviction for any offense relating to the statement is final and all direct and habeas corpus appeals are exhausted, or the prosecution of such offenses is barred by law.
    (d) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the defendant was subjected to a custodial interrogation in violation of this Section, then any statements made by the defendant during or following that non-recorded custodial interrogation, even if otherwise in compliance with this Section, are presumed to be inadmissible in any criminal proceeding against the defendant except for the purposes of impeachment.
    (e) Nothing in this Section precludes the admission (i) of a statement made by the accused in open court at his or her trial, before a grand jury, or at a preliminary hearing, (ii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that was not recorded as required by this Section, because electronic recording was not feasible, (iii) of a voluntary statement, whether or not the result of a custodial interrogation, that has a bearing on the credibility of the accused as a witness, (iv) of a spontaneous statement that is not made in response to a question, (v) of a statement made after questioning that is routinely asked during the processing of the arrest of the suspect, (vi) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation by a suspect who requests, prior to making the statement, to respond to the interrogator's questions only if an electronic recording is not made of the statement, provided that an electronic recording is made of the statement of agreeing to respond to the interrogator's question, only if a recording is not made of the statement, (vii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that is conducted out-of-state, (viii) of a statement given in violation of subsection (b) at a time when the interrogators are unaware that a death has in fact occurred, (ix) of a statement given in violation of subsection (b-5) at a time when the interrogators are unaware of facts and circumstances that would create probable cause to believe that the accused committed an offense required to be recorded under subsection (b-5), or (x) of any other statement that may be admissible under law. The State shall bear the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that one of the exceptions described in this subsection (e) is applicable. Nothing in this Section precludes the admission of a statement, otherwise inadmissible under this Section, that is used only for impeachment and not as substantive evidence.
    (f) The presumption of inadmissibility of a statement made by a suspect at a custodial interrogation at a police station or other place of detention may be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence that the statement was voluntarily given and is reliable, based on the totality of the circumstances.
    (g) Any electronic recording of any statement made by an accused during a custodial interrogation that is compiled by any law enforcement agency as required by this Section for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-547, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/103-3

    (725 ILCS 5/103-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-3)
    Sec. 103-3. Right to communicate with attorney and family; transfers.
    (a) Persons who are arrested shall have the right to communicate with an attorney of their choice and a member of their family by making a reasonable number of telephone calls or in any other reasonable manner. Such communication shall be permitted within a reasonable time after arrival at the first place of custody.
    (b) In the event the accused is transferred to a new place of custody his right to communicate with an attorney and a member of his family is renewed.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/103-4

    (725 ILCS 5/103-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-4)
    Sec. 103-4. Right to consult with attorney.
    Any person committed, imprisoned or restrained of his liberty for any cause whatever and whether or not such person is charged with an offense shall, except in cases of imminent danger of escape, be allowed to consult with any licensed attorney at law of this State whom such person may desire to see or consult, alone and in private at the place of custody, as many times and for such period each time as is reasonable. When any such person is about to be moved beyond the limits of this State under any pretense whatever the person to be moved shall be entitled to a reasonable delay for the purpose of obtaining counsel and of availing himself of the laws of this State for the security of personal liberty.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/103-5

    (725 ILCS 5/103-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-5)
    Sec. 103-5. Speedy trial.)
    (a) Every person in custody in this State for an alleged offense shall be tried by the court having jurisdiction within 120 days from the date he or she was taken into custody unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness to stand trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal. Delay shall be considered to be agreed to by the defendant unless he or she objects to the delay by making a written demand for trial or an oral demand for trial on the record. The provisions of this subsection (a) do not apply to a person on bail or recognizance for an offense but who is in custody for a violation of his or her parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release for another offense.
    The 120-day term must be one continuous period of incarceration. In computing the 120-day term, separate periods of incarceration may not be combined. If a defendant is taken into custody a second (or subsequent) time for the same offense, the term will begin again at day zero.
    (b) Every person on bail or recognizance shall be tried by the court having jurisdiction within 160 days from the date defendant demands trial unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness to stand trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal. The defendant's failure to appear for any court date set by the court operates to waive the defendant's demand for trial made under this subsection.
    For purposes of computing the 160 day period under this subsection (b), every person who was in custody for an alleged offense and demanded trial and is subsequently released on bail or recognizance and demands trial, shall be given credit for time spent in custody following the making of the demand while in custody. Any demand for trial made under this subsection (b) shall be in writing; and in the case of a defendant not in custody, the demand for trial shall include the date of any prior demand made under this provision while the defendant was in custody.
    (c) If the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain evidence material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such evidence may be obtained at a later day the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 60 days. If the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain results of DNA testing that is material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such results may be obtained at a later day, the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 120 days.
    (d) Every person not tried in accordance with subsections (a), (b) and (c) of this Section shall be discharged from custody or released from the obligations of his bail or recognizance.
    (e) If a person is simultaneously in custody upon more than one charge pending against him in the same county, or simultaneously demands trial upon more than one charge pending against him in the same county, he shall be tried, or adjudged guilty after waiver of trial, upon at least one such charge before expiration relative to any of such pending charges of the period prescribed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section. Such person shall be tried upon all of the remaining charges thus pending within 160 days from the date on which judgment relative to the first charge thus prosecuted is rendered pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections or, if such trial upon such first charge is terminated without judgment and there is no subsequent trial of, or adjudication of guilt after waiver of trial of, such first charge within a reasonable time, the person shall be tried upon all of the remaining charges thus pending within 160 days from the date on which such trial is terminated; if either such period of 160 days expires without the commencement of trial of, or adjudication of guilt after waiver of trial of, any of such remaining charges thus pending, such charge or charges shall be dismissed and barred for want of prosecution unless delay is occasioned by the defendant, by an examination for fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of this Act, by a fitness hearing, by an adjudication of unfitness for trial, by a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act after a court's determination of the defendant's physical incapacity for trial, or by an interlocutory appeal; provided, however, that if the court determines that the State has exercised without success due diligence to obtain evidence material to the case and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that such evidence may be obtained at a later day the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 60 days.
    (f) Delay occasioned by the defendant shall temporarily suspend for the time of the delay the period within which a person shall be tried as prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e) of this Section and on the day of expiration of the delay the said period shall continue at the point at which it was suspended. Where such delay occurs within 21 days of the end of the period within which a person shall be tried as prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e) of this Section, the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than an additional 21 days beyond the period prescribed by subsections (a), (b), or (e). This subsection (f) shall become effective on, and apply to persons charged with alleged offenses committed on or after, March 1, 1977.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/103-6

    (725 ILCS 5/103-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-6)
    Sec. 103-6. Waiver of jury trial. Every person accused of an offense shall have the right to a trial by jury unless (i) understandingly waived by defendant in open court or (ii) the offense is an ordinance violation punishable by fine only and the defendant either fails to file a demand for a trial by jury at the time of entering his or her plea of not guilty or fails to pay to the clerk of the circuit court at the time of entering his or her plea of not guilty any jury fee required to be paid to the clerk.
(Source: P.A. 86-1386.)

725 ILCS 5/103-7

    (725 ILCS 5/103-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-7)
    Sec. 103-7. Posting notice of rights.
    Every sheriff, chief of police or other person who is in charge of any jail, police station or other building where persons under arrest are held in custody pending investigation, bail or other criminal proceedings, shall post in every room, other than cells, of such buildings where persons are held in custody, in conspicuous places where it may be seen and read by persons in custody and others, a poster, printed in large type, containing a verbatim copy in the English language of the provisions of Sections 103-2, 103-3, 103-4, 109-1, 110-2, 110-4, and sub-parts (a) and (b) of Sections 110-7 and 113-3 of this Code. Each person who is in charge of any courthouse or other building in which any trial of an offense is conducted shall post in each room primarily used for such trials and in each room in which defendants are confined or wait, pending trial, in conspicuous places where it may be seen and read by persons in custody and others, a poster, printed in large type, containing a verbatim copy in the English language of the provisions of Sections 103-6, 113-1, 113-4 and 115-1 and of subparts (a) and (b) of Section 113-3 of this Code.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2622.)

725 ILCS 5/103-8

    (725 ILCS 5/103-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-8)
    Sec. 103-8. Mandatory duty of officers. Any peace officer who intentionally prevents the exercise by an accused of any right conferred by this Article or who intentionally fails to perform any act required of him by this Article shall be guilty of official misconduct and may be punished in accordance with Section 33-3 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/103-9

    (725 ILCS 5/103-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 103-9)
    Sec. 103-9. Bail bondsmen. No bail bondsman from any state may seize or transport unwillingly any person found in this State who is allegedly in violation of a bail bond posted in some other state. The return of any such person to another state may be accomplished only as provided by the laws of this State. Any bail bondsman who violates this Section is fully subject to the criminal and civil penalties provided by the laws of this State for his actions.
(Source: P.A. 84-694.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 104

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 104 heading)
ARTICLE 104. FITNESS FOR TRIAL, TO PLEAD OR TO BE SENTENCED

725 ILCS 5/104-10

    (725 ILCS 5/104-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-10)
    Sec. 104-10. Presumption of Fitness; Fitness Standard.) A defendant is presumed to be fit to stand trial or to plead, and be sentenced. A defendant is unfit if, because of his mental or physical condition, he is unable to understand the nature and purpose of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-11

    (725 ILCS 5/104-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-11)
    Sec. 104-11. Raising Issue; Burden; Fitness Motions.) (a) The issue of the defendant's fitness for trial, to plead, or to be sentenced may be raised by the defense, the State or the Court at any appropriate time before a plea is entered or before, during, or after trial. When a bonafide doubt of the defendant's fitness is raised, the court shall order a determination of the issue before proceeding further.
    (b) Upon request of the defendant that a qualified expert be appointed to examine him or her to determine prior to trial if a bonafide doubt as to his or her fitness to stand trial may be raised, the court, in its discretion, may order an appropriate examination. However, no order entered pursuant to this subsection shall prevent further proceedings in the case. An expert so appointed shall examine the defendant and make a report as provided in Section 104-15. Upon the filing with the court of a verified statement of services rendered, the court shall enter an order on the county board to pay such expert a reasonable fee stated in the order.
    (c) When a bonafide doubt of the defendant's fitness has been raised, the burden of proving that the defendant is fit by a preponderance of the evidence and the burden of going forward with the evidence are on the State. However, the court may call its own witnesses and conduct its own inquiry.
    (d) Following a finding of unfitness, the court may hear and rule on any pretrial motion or motions if the defendant's presence is not essential to a fair determination of the issues. A motion may be reheard upon a showing that evidence is available which was not available, due to the defendant's unfitness, when the motion was first decided.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-12

    (725 ILCS 5/104-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-12)
    Sec. 104-12. Right to Jury.) The issue of the defendant's fitness may be determined in the first instance by the court or by a jury. The defense or the State may demand a jury or the court on its own motion may order a jury. However, when the issue is raised after trial has begun or after conviction but before sentencing, or when the issue is to be redetermined under Section 104-20 or 104-27, the issue shall be determined by the court.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-13

    (725 ILCS 5/104-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-13)
    Sec. 104-13. Fitness Examination.
    (a) When the issue of fitness involves the defendant's mental condition, the court shall order an examination of the defendant by one or more licensed physicians, clinical psychologists, or psychiatrists chosen by the court. No physician, clinical psychologist or psychiatrist employed by the Department of Human Services shall be ordered to perform, in his official capacity, an examination under this Section.
    (b) If the issue of fitness involves the defendant's physical condition, the court shall appoint one or more physicians and in addition, such other experts as it may deem appropriate to examine the defendant and to report to the court regarding the defendant's condition.
    (c) An examination ordered under this Section shall be given at the place designated by the person who will conduct the examination, except that if the defendant is being held in custody, the examination shall take place at such location as the court directs. No examinations under this Section shall be ordered to take place at mental health or developmental disabilities facilities operated by the Department of Human Services. If the defendant fails to keep appointments without reasonable cause or if the person conducting the examination reports to the court that diagnosis requires hospitalization or extended observation, the court may order the defendant admitted to an appropriate facility for an examination, other than a screening examination, for not more than 7 days. The court may, upon a showing of good cause, grant an additional 7 days to complete the examination.
    (d) Release on bail or on recognizance shall not be revoked and an application therefor shall not be denied on the grounds that an examination has been ordered.
    (e) Upon request by the defense and if the defendant is indigent, the court may appoint, in addition to the expert or experts chosen pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section, a qualified expert selected by the defendant to examine him and to make a report as provided in Section 104-15. Upon the filing with the court of a verified statement of services rendered, the court shall enter an order on the county board to pay such expert a reasonable fee stated in the order.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-14

    (725 ILCS 5/104-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-14)
    Sec. 104-14. Use of Statements Made During Examination or Treatment.) (a) Statements made by the defendant and information gathered in the course of any examination or treatment ordered under Section 104-13, 104-17 or 104-20 shall not be admissible against the defendant unless he raises the defense of insanity or the defense of drugged or intoxicated condition, in which case they shall be admissible only on the issue of whether he was insane, drugged, or intoxicated. The refusal of the defendant to cooperate in such examinations shall not preclude the raising of the aforesaid defenses but shall preclude the defendant from offering expert evidence or testimony tending to support such defenses if the expert evidence or testimony is based upon the expert's examination of the defendant.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of this Section, no statement made by the defendant in the course of any examination or treatment ordered under Section 104-13, 104-17 or 104-20 which relates to the crime charged or to other criminal acts shall be disclosed by persons conducting the examination or the treatment, except to members of the examining or treating team, without the informed written consent of the defendant, who is competent at the time of giving such consent.
    (c) The court shall advise the defendant of the limitations on the use of any statements made or information gathered in the course of the fitness examination or subsequent treatment as provided in this Section. It shall also advise him that he may refuse to cooperate with the person conducting the examination, but that his refusal may be admissible into evidence on the issue of his mental or physical condition.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-15

    (725 ILCS 5/104-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-15)
    Sec. 104-15. Report.) (a) The person or persons conducting an examination of the defendant, pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of Section 104-13 shall submit a written report to the court, the State, and the defense within 30 days of the date of the order. The report shall include:
    (1) A diagnosis and an explanation as to how it was reached and the facts upon which it is based;
    (2) A description of the defendant's mental or physical disability, if any; its severity; and an opinion as to whether and to what extent it impairs the defendant's ability to understand the nature and purpose of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense, or both.
    (b) If the report indicates that the defendant is not fit to stand trial or to plead because of a disability, the report shall include an opinion as to the likelihood of the defendant attaining fitness within one year if provided with a course of treatment. If the person or persons preparing the report are unable to form such an opinion, the report shall state the reasons therefor. The report may include a general description of the type of treatment needed and of the least physically restrictive form of treatment therapeutically appropriate.
    (c) The report shall indicate what information, if any, contained therein may be harmful to the mental condition of the defendant if made known to him.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-16

    (725 ILCS 5/104-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-16)
    Sec. 104-16. Fitness Hearing.) (a) The court shall conduct a hearing to determine the issue of the defendant's fitness within 45 days of receipt of the final written report of the person or persons conducting the examination or upon conclusion of the matter then pending before it, subject to continuances allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of this Act.
    (b) Subject to the rules of evidence, matters admissible on the issue of the defendant's fitness include, but are not limited to, the following:
    (1) The defendant's knowledge and understanding of the charge, the proceedings, the consequences of a plea, judgment or sentence, and the functions of the participants in the trial process;
    (2) The defendant's ability to observe, recollect and relate occurrences, especially those concerning the incidents alleged, and to communicate with counsel;
    (3) The defendant's social behavior and abilities; orientation as to time and place; recognition of persons, places and things; and performance of motor processes.
    (c) The defendant has the right to be present at every hearing on the issue of his fitness. The defendant's presence may be waived only if there is filed with the court a certificate stating that the defendant is physically unable to be present and the reasons therefor. The certificate shall be signed by a licensed physician who, within 7 days, has examined the defendant.
    (d) On the basis of the evidence before it, the court or jury shall determine whether the defendant is fit to stand trial or to plead. If it finds that the defendant is unfit, the court or the jury shall determine whether there is substantial probability that the defendant, if provided with a course of treatment, will attain fitness within one year. If the court or the jury finds that there is not a substantial probability, the court shall proceed as provided in Section 104-23. If such probability is found or if the court or the jury is unable to determine whether a substantial probability exists, the court shall order the defendant to undergo treatment for the purpose of rendering him fit. In the event that a defendant is ordered to undergo treatment when there has been no determination as to the probability of his attaining fitness, the court shall conduct a hearing as soon as possible following the receipt of the report filed pursuant to paragraph (d) of Section 104-17, unless the hearing is waived by the defense, and shall make a determination as to whether a substantial probability exists.
    (e) An order finding the defendant unfit is a final order for purposes of appeal by the State or the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-17

    (725 ILCS 5/104-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-17)
    Sec. 104-17. Commitment for Treatment; Treatment Plan.
    (a) If the defendant is eligible to be or has been released on bail or on his own recognizance, the court shall select the least physically restrictive form of treatment therapeutically appropriate and consistent with the treatment plan.
    (b) If the defendant's disability is mental, the court may order him placed for treatment in the custody of the Department of Human Services, or the court may order him placed in the custody of any other appropriate public or private mental health facility or treatment program which has agreed to provide treatment to the defendant. If the defendant is placed in the custody of the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting unless the court determines that there are compelling reasons why such placement is not necessary. During the period of time required to determine the appropriate placement the defendant shall remain in jail. If upon the completion of the placement process the Department of Human Services determines that the defendant is currently fit to stand trial, it shall immediately notify the court and shall submit a written report within 7 days. In that circumstance the placement shall be held pending a court hearing on the Department's report. Otherwise, upon completion of the placement process, the sheriff shall be notified and shall transport the defendant to the designated facility. The placement may be ordered either on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
    (c) If the defendant's disability is physical, the court may order him placed under the supervision of the Department of Human Services which shall place and maintain the defendant in a suitable treatment facility or program, or the court may order him placed in an appropriate public or private facility or treatment program which has agreed to provide treatment to the defendant. The placement may be ordered either on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
    (d) The clerk of the circuit court shall transmit to the Department, agency or institution, if any, to which the defendant is remanded for treatment, the following:
        (1) a certified copy of the order to undergo
    
treatment;
        (2) the county and municipality in which the offense
    
was committed;
        (3) the county and municipality in which the arrest
    
took place;
        (4) a copy of the arrest report, criminal charges,
    
arrest record, jail record, and the report prepared under Section 104-15; and
        (5) all additional matters which the Court directs
    
the clerk to transmit.
    (e) Within 30 days of entry of an order to undergo treatment, the person supervising the defendant's treatment shall file with the court, the State, and the defense a report assessing the facility's or program's capacity to provide appropriate treatment for the defendant and indicating his opinion as to the probability of the defendant's attaining fitness within a period of one year from the date of the finding of unfitness. If the report indicates that there is a substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness within the time period, the treatment supervisor shall also file a treatment plan which shall include:
        (1) A diagnosis of the defendant's disability;
        (2) A description of treatment goals with respect to
    
rendering the defendant fit, a specification of the proposed treatment modalities, and an estimated timetable for attainment of the goals;
        (3) An identification of the person in charge of
    
supervising the defendant's treatment.
(Source: P.A. 95-296, eff. 8-20-07; 96-310, eff. 8-11-09.)

725 ILCS 5/104-18

    (725 ILCS 5/104-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-18)
    Sec. 104-18. Progress Reports.)
    (a) The treatment supervisor shall submit a written progress report to the court, the State, and the defense:
        (1) At least 7 days prior to the date for any hearing
    
on the issue of the defendant's fitness;
        (2) Whenever he believes that the defendant has
    
attained fitness;
        (3) Whenever he believes that there is not a
    
substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness, with treatment, within one year from the date of the original finding of unfitness.
    (b) The progress report shall contain:
        (1) The clinical findings of the treatment supervisor
    
and the facts upon which the findings are based;
        (2) The opinion of the treatment supervisor as to
    
whether the defendant has attained fitness or as to whether the defendant is making progress, under treatment, toward attaining fitness within one year from the date of the original finding of unfitness;
        (3) If the defendant is receiving medication,
    
information from the prescribing physician indicating the type, the dosage and the effect of the medication on the defendant's appearance, actions and demeanor.
    (c) Whenever the court is sent a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the treatment provider shall arrange with the court for the return of the defendant to the county jail before the time frame specified in subsection (a) of Section 104-20. This subsection (c) is inoperative on and after January 1, 2014.
(Source: P.A. 97-1020, eff. 8-17-12.)

725 ILCS 5/104-19

    (725 ILCS 5/104-19) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-19)
    Sec. 104-19. Records.) Any report filed of record with the court concerning diagnosis, treatment or treatment plans made pursuant to this Article shall not be placed in the defendant's court record but shall be maintained separately by the clerk of the court and shall be available only to the court or an appellate court, the State and the defense, a facility or program which is providing treatment to the defendant pursuant to an order of the court or such other persons as the court may direct.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-20

    (725 ILCS 5/104-20) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-20)
    Sec. 104-20. Ninety-Day Hearings; Continuing Treatment.)
    (a) Upon entry or continuation of any order to undergo treatment, the court shall set a date for hearing to reexamine the issue of the defendant's fitness not more than 90 days thereafter. In addition, whenever the court receives a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment pursuant to subparagraph (2) or (3) of paragraph (a) of Section 104-18, the court shall forthwith set the matter for a first hearing within 14 days unless good cause is demonstrated why the hearing cannot be held. On the date set or upon conclusion of the matter then pending before it, the court, sitting without a jury, shall conduct a hearing, unless waived by the defense, and shall determine:
        (1) Whether the defendant is fit to stand trial or to
    
plead; and if not,
        (2) Whether the defendant is making progress under
    
treatment toward attainment of fitness within one year from the date of the original finding of unfitness.
    (b) If the court finds the defendant to be fit pursuant to this Section, the court shall set the matter for trial; provided that if the defendant is in need of continued care or treatment and the supervisor of the defendant's treatment agrees to continue to provide it, the court may enter any order it deems appropriate for the continued care or treatment of the defendant by the facility or program pending the conclusion of the criminal proceedings.
    (c) If the court finds that the defendant is still unfit but that he is making progress toward attaining fitness, the court may continue or modify its original treatment order entered pursuant to Section 104-17.
    (d) If the court finds that the defendant is still unfit and that he is not making progress toward attaining fitness such that there is not a substantial probability that he will attain fitness within one year from the date of the original finding of unfitness, the court shall proceed pursuant to Section 104-23. However, if the defendant is in need of continued care and treatment and the supervisor of the defendant's treatment agrees to continue to provide it, the court may enter any order it deems appropriate for the continued care or treatment by the facility or program pending the conclusion of the criminal proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 97-37, eff. 6-28-11.)

725 ILCS 5/104-21

    (725 ILCS 5/104-21) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-21)
    Sec. 104-21. Medication.
    (a) A defendant who is receiving psychotropic drugs shall not be presumed to be unfit to stand trial solely by virtue of the receipt of those drugs or medications.
    (b) Whenever a defendant who is receiving medication under medical direction is transferred between a place of custody and a treatment facility or program, a written report from the prescribing physician shall accompany the defendant. The report shall state the type and dosage of the defendant's medication and the duration of the prescription. The chief officer of the place of custody or the treatment supervisor at the facility or program shall insure that such medication is provided according to the directions of the prescribing physician or until superseded by order of a physician who has examined the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 89-428, eff. 12-13-95; 89-689, eff. 12-31-96.)

725 ILCS 5/104-22

    (725 ILCS 5/104-22) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-22)
    Sec. 104-22. Trial with special provisions and assistance.) (a) On motion of the defendant, the State or on the court's own motion, the court shall determine whether special provisions or assistance will render the defendant fit to stand trial as defined in Section 104-10.
    (b) Such special provisions or assistance may include but are not limited to:
    (1) Appointment of qualified translators who shall simultaneously translate all testimony at trial into language understood by the defendant.
    (2) Appointment of experts qualified to assist a defendant who because of a disability is unable to understand the proceedings or communicate with his or her attorney.
    (c) The case may proceed to trial only if the court determines that such provisions or assistance compensate for a defendant's disabilities so as to render the defendant fit as defined in Section 104-10. In such cases the court shall state for the record the following:
    (1) The qualifications and experience of the experts or other persons appointed to provide special assistance to the defendant;
    (2) The court's reasons for selecting or appointing the particular experts or other persons to provide the special assistance to the defendant;
    (3) How the appointment of the particular expert or other persons will serve the goal of rendering the defendant fit in view of the appointee's qualifications and experience, taken in conjunction with the particular disabilities of the defendant; and
    (4) Any other factors considered by the court in appointing that individual.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-23

    (725 ILCS 5/104-23) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-23)
    Sec. 104-23. Unfit defendants. Cases involving an unfit defendant who demands a discharge hearing or a defendant who cannot become fit to stand trial and for whom no special provisions or assistance can compensate for his disability and render him fit shall proceed in the following manner:
    (a) Upon a determination that there is not a substantial probability that the defendant will attain fitness within one year from the original finding of unfitness, a defendant or the attorney for the defendant may move for a discharge hearing pursuant to the provisions of Section 104-25. The discharge hearing shall be held within 120 days of the filing of a motion for a discharge hearing, unless the delay is occasioned by the defendant.
    (b) If at any time the court determines that there is not a substantial probability that the defendant will become fit to stand trial or to plead within one year from the date of the original finding of unfitness, or if at the end of one year from that date the court finds the defendant still unfit and for whom no special provisions or assistance can compensate for his disabilities and render him fit, the State shall request the court:
        (1) To set the matter for hearing pursuant to Section
    
104-25 unless a hearing has already been held pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section; or
        (2) To release the defendant from custody and to
    
dismiss with prejudice the charges against him; or
        (3) To remand the defendant to the custody of the
    
Department of Human Services and order a hearing to be conducted pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, as now or hereafter amended. The Department of Human Services shall have 7 days from the date it receives the defendant to prepare and file the necessary petition and certificates that are required for commitment under the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code. If the defendant is committed to the Department of Human Services pursuant to such hearing, the court having jurisdiction over the criminal matter shall dismiss the charges against the defendant, with the leave to reinstate. In such cases the Department of Human Services shall notify the court, the State's attorney and the defense attorney upon the discharge of the defendant. A former defendant so committed shall be treated in the same manner as any other civilly committed patient for all purposes including admission, selection of the place of treatment and the treatment modalities, entitlement to rights and privileges, transfer, and discharge. A defendant who is not committed shall be remanded to the court having jurisdiction of the criminal matter for disposition pursuant to subparagraph (1) or (2) of paragraph (b) of this Section.
    (c) If the defendant is restored to fitness and the original charges against him are reinstated, the speedy trial provisions of Section 103-5 shall commence to run.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-24

    (725 ILCS 5/104-24) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-24)
    Sec. 104-24. Time Credit. Time spent in custody pursuant to orders issued under Section 104-17 or 104-20 or pursuant to a commitment to the Department of Human Services following a finding of unfitness or incompetency under prior law, shall be credited against any sentence imposed on the defendant in the pending criminal case or in any other case arising out of the same conduct.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-25

    (725 ILCS 5/104-25) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-25)
    Sec. 104-25. Discharge hearing.
    (a) As provided for in paragraph (a) of Section 104-23 and subparagraph (1) of paragraph (b) of Section 104-23 a hearing to determine the sufficiency of the evidence shall be held. Such hearing shall be conducted by the court without a jury. The State and the defendant may introduce evidence relevant to the question of defendant's guilt of the crime charged.
    The court may admit hearsay or affidavit evidence on secondary matters such as testimony to establish the chain of possession of physical evidence, laboratory reports, authentication of transcripts taken by official reporters, court and business records, and public documents.
    (b) If the evidence does not prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, the court shall enter a judgment of acquittal; however nothing herein shall prevent the State from requesting the court to commit the defendant to the Department of Human Services under the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.
    (c) If the defendant is found not guilty by reason of insanity, the court shall enter a judgment of acquittal and the proceedings after acquittal by reason of insanity under Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections shall apply.
    (d) If the discharge hearing does not result in an acquittal of the charge the defendant may be remanded for further treatment and the one year time limit set forth in Section 104-23 shall be extended as follows:
        (1) If the most serious charge upon which the State
    
sustained its burden of proof was a Class 1 or Class X felony, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum treatment period of 2 years; if a Class 2, 3, or 4 felony, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum of 15 months;
        (2) If the State sustained its burden of proof on a
    
charge of first degree murder, the treatment period may be extended up to a maximum treatment period of 5 years.
    (e) Transcripts of testimony taken at a discharge hearing may be admitted in evidence at a subsequent trial of the case, subject to the rules of evidence, if the witness who gave such testimony is legally unavailable at the time of the subsequent trial.
    (f) If the court fails to enter an order of acquittal the defendant may appeal from such judgment in the same manner provided for an appeal from a conviction in a criminal case.
    (g) At the expiration of an extended period of treatment ordered pursuant to this Section:
        (1) Upon a finding that the defendant is fit or can
    
be rendered fit consistent with Section 104-22, the court may proceed with trial.
        (2) If the defendant continues to be unfit to stand
    
trial, the court shall determine whether he or she is subject to involuntary admission under the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code or constitutes a serious threat to the public safety. If so found, the defendant shall be remanded to the Department of Human Services for further treatment and shall be treated in the same manner as a civilly committed patient for all purposes, except that the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant shall be required to approve any conditional release or discharge of the defendant, for the period of commitment equal to the maximum sentence to which the defendant would have been subject had he or she been convicted in a criminal proceeding. During this period of commitment, the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant shall hold hearings under clause (i) of this paragraph (2). However, if the defendant is remanded to the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting unless the court determines that there are compelling reasons why such placement is not necessary.
        If the defendant does not have a current treatment
    
plan, then within 3 days of admission under this subdivision (g)(2), a treatment plan shall be prepared for each defendant and entered into his or her record. The plan shall include (i) an assessment of the defendant's treatment needs, (ii) a description of the services recommended for treatment, (iii) the goals of each type of element of service, (iv) an anticipated timetable for the accomplishment of the goals, and (v) a designation of the qualified professional responsible for the implementation of the plan. The plan shall be reviewed and updated as the clinical condition warrants, but not less than every 30 days.
        Every 90 days after the initial admission under this
    
subdivision (g)(2), the facility director shall file a typed treatment plan report with the original court having jurisdiction over the defendant. The report shall include an opinion as to whether the defendant is fit to stand trial and whether the defendant is currently subject to involuntary admission, in need of mental health services on an inpatient basis, or in need of mental health services on an outpatient basis. The report shall also summarize the basis for those findings and provide a current summary of the 5 items required in a treatment plan. A copy of the report shall be forwarded to the clerk of the court, the State's Attorney, and the defendant's attorney if the defendant is represented by counsel.
        The court on its own motion may order a hearing to
    
review the treatment plan. The defendant or the State's Attorney may request a treatment plan review every 90 days and the court shall review the current treatment plan to determine whether the plan complies with the requirements of this Section. The court may order an independent examination on its own initiative and shall order such an evaluation if either the recipient or the State's Attorney so requests and has demonstrated to the court that the plan cannot be effectively reviewed by the court without such an examination. Under no circumstances shall the court be required to order an independent examination pursuant to this Section more than once each year. The examination shall be conducted by a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist as defined in Section 1-103 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code who is not in the employ of the Department of Human Services.
        If, during the period within which the defendant is
    
confined in a secure setting, the court enters an order that requires the defendant to appear, the court shall timely transmit a copy of the order or writ to the director of the particular Department of Human Services facility where the defendant resides authorizing the transportation of the defendant to the court for the purpose of the hearing.
            (i) 180 days after a defendant is remanded to the
        
Department of Human Services, under paragraph (2), and every 180 days thereafter for so long as the defendant is confined under the order entered thereunder, the court shall set a hearing and shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the defendant, the facility director, the State's Attorney, and the defendant's attorney. If requested by either the State or the defense or if the court determines that it is appropriate, an impartial examination of the defendant by a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist as defined in Section 1-103 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code who is not in the employ of the Department of Human Services shall be ordered, and the report considered at the time of the hearing. If the defendant is not currently represented by counsel the court shall appoint the public defender to represent the defendant at the hearing. The court shall make a finding as to whether the defendant is:
                (A) subject to involuntary admission; or
                (B) in need of mental health services in the
            
form of inpatient care; or
                (C) in need of mental health services but not
            
subject to involuntary admission nor inpatient care.
        The findings of the court shall be established by
        
clear and convincing evidence and the burden of proof and the burden of going forward with the evidence shall rest with the State's Attorney. Upon finding by the court, the court shall enter its findings and an appropriate order.
            (ii) The terms "subject to involuntary
        
admission", "in need of mental health services in the form of inpatient care" and "in need of mental health services but not subject to involuntary admission nor inpatient care" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in clause (d)(3) of Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
        (3) If the defendant is not committed pursuant to
    
this Section, he or she shall be released.
        (4) In no event may the treatment period be extended
    
to exceed the maximum sentence to which a defendant would have been subject had he or she been convicted in a criminal proceeding. For purposes of this Section, the maximum sentence shall be determined by Section 5-8-1 (730 ILCS 5/5-8-1) or Article 4.5 of Chapter V of the "Unified Code of Corrections", excluding any sentence of natural life.
(Source: P.A. 95-1052, eff. 7-1-09.)

725 ILCS 5/104-26

    (725 ILCS 5/104-26) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-26)
    Sec. 104-26. Disposition of Defendants suffering disabilities.
    (a) A defendant convicted following a trial conducted under the provisions of Section 104-22 shall not be sentenced before a written presentence report of investigation is presented to and considered by the court. The presentence report shall be prepared pursuant to Sections 5-3-2, 5-3-3 and 5-3-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended, and shall include a physical and mental examination unless the court finds that the reports of prior physical and mental examinations conducted pursuant to this Article are adequate and recent enough so that additional examinations would be unnecessary.
    (b) A defendant convicted following a trial under Section 104-22 shall not be subject to the death penalty.
    (c) A defendant convicted following a trial under Section 104-22 shall be sentenced according to the procedures and dispositions authorized under the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended, subject to the following provisions:
        (1) The court shall not impose a sentence of
    
imprisonment upon the offender if the court believes that because of his disability a sentence of imprisonment would not serve the ends of justice and the interests of society and the offender or that because of his disability a sentence of imprisonment would subject the offender to excessive hardship. In addition to any other conditions of a sentence of conditional discharge or probation the court may require that the offender undergo treatment appropriate to his mental or physical condition.
        (2) After imposing a sentence of imprisonment upon an
    
offender who has a mental disability, the court may remand him to the custody of the Department of Human Services and order a hearing to be conducted pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, as now or hereafter amended. If the offender is committed following such hearing, he shall be treated in the same manner as any other civilly committed patient for all purposes except as provided in this Section. If the defendant is not committed pursuant to such hearing, he shall be remanded to the sentencing court for disposition according to the sentence imposed.
        (3) If the court imposes a sentence of imprisonment
    
upon an offender who has a mental disability but does not proceed under subparagraph (2) of paragraph (c) of this Section, it shall order the Department of Corrections to proceed pursuant to Section 3-8-5 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended.
        (3.5) If the court imposes a sentence of
    
imprisonment upon an offender who has a mental disability, the court shall direct the circuit court clerk to immediately notify the Department of State Police, Firearm Owner's Identification (FOID) Office, in a form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police and shall forward a copy of the court order to the Department.
        (4) If the court imposes a sentence of imprisonment
    
upon an offender who has a physical disability, it may authorize the Department of Corrections to place the offender in a public or private facility which is able to provide care or treatment for the offender's disability and which agrees to do so.
        (5) When an offender is placed with the Department of
    
Human Services or another facility pursuant to subparagraph (2) or (4) of this paragraph (c), the Department or private facility shall not discharge or allow the offender to be at large in the community without prior approval of the court. If the defendant is placed in the custody of the Department of Human Services, the defendant shall be placed in a secure setting unless the court determines that there are compelling reasons why such placement is not necessary. The offender shall accrue good time and shall be eligible for parole in the same manner as if he were serving his sentence within the Department of Corrections. When the offender no longer requires hospitalization, care, or treatment, the Department of Human Services or the facility shall transfer him, if his sentence has not expired, to the Department of Corrections. If an offender is transferred to the Department of Corrections, the Department of Human Services shall transfer to the Department of Corrections all related records pertaining to length of custody and treatment services provided during the time the offender was held.
        (6) The Department of Corrections shall notify the
    
Department of Human Services or a facility in which an offender has been placed pursuant to subparagraph (2) or (4) of paragraph (c) of this Section of the expiration of his sentence. Thereafter, an offender in the Department of Human Services shall continue to be treated pursuant to his commitment order and shall be considered a civilly committed patient for all purposes including discharge. An offender who is in a facility pursuant to subparagraph (4) of paragraph (c) of this Section shall be informed by the facility of the expiration of his sentence, and shall either consent to the continuation of his care or treatment by the facility or shall be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 97-1131, eff. 1-1-13.)

725 ILCS 5/104-27

    (725 ILCS 5/104-27) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-27)
    Sec. 104-27. Defendants Found Unfit Prior to this Article; Reports; Appointment of Counsel.
    (a) Within 180 days after the effective date of this Article, the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (predecessor of the Department of Human Services) shall compile a report on each defendant under its custody who was found unfit or incompetent to stand trial or to be sentenced prior to the effective date of this Article. Each report shall include the defendant's name, indictment and warrant numbers, the county of his commitment, the length of time he has been hospitalized, the date of his last fitness hearing, and a report on his present status as provided in Section 104-18.
    (b) The reports shall be forwarded to the Supreme Court which shall distribute copies thereof to the chief judge of the court in which the criminal charges were originally filed, to the state's attorney and the public defender of the same county, and to the defendant's attorney of record, if any. Notice that the report has been delivered shall be given to the defendant.
    (c) Upon receipt of the report, the chief judge shall appoint the public defender or other counsel for each defendant who is not represented by counsel and who is indigent pursuant to Section 113-3 of this Act, as now or hereafter amended. The court shall provide the defendant's counsel with a copy of the report.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-28

    (725 ILCS 5/104-28) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-28)
    Sec. 104-28. Disposition of Defendants Found Unfit Prior to this Article.
    (a) Upon reviewing the report, the court shall determine whether the defendant has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period of time equal to the length of time that the defendant would have been required to serve, less good time, before becoming eligible for parole or mandatory supervised release had he been convicted of the most serious offense charged and had he received the maximum sentence therefor. If the court so finds, it shall dismiss the charges against the defendant, with leave to reinstate. If the defendant has not been committed pursuant to the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, the court shall order him discharged or shall order a hearing to be conducted forthwith pursuant to the provisions of the Code. If the defendant was committed pursuant to the Code, he shall continue to be treated pursuant to his commitment order and shall be considered a civilly committed patient for all purposes including discharge.
    (b) If the court finds that a defendant has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period less than that specified in paragraph (a) of this Section, the court shall conduct a hearing pursuant to Section 104-20 forthwith to redetermine the issue of the defendant's fitness to stand trial or to plead. If the defendant is fit, the matter shall be set for trial. If the court finds that the defendant is unfit, it shall proceed pursuant to Section 104-20 or 104-23, provided that a defendant who is still unfit and who has been in the custody of the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities (now the Department of Human Services) for a period of more than one year from the date of the finding of unfitness shall be immediately subject to the provisions of Section 104-23.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-29

    (725 ILCS 5/104-29) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-29)
    Sec. 104-29. In the event of any conflict between this Article and the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code", the provisions of this Article shall govern.
(Source: P.A. 81-1217.)

725 ILCS 5/104-30

    (725 ILCS 5/104-30) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-30)
    Sec. 104-30. Notice to Law Enforcement Agencies Regarding Release of Defendants.
    (a) Prior to the release by the Department of Human Services of any person admitted pursuant to any provision of this Article, the Department of Human Services shall give written notice to the Sheriff of the county from which the defendant was admitted. In cases where the arrest of the defendant or the commission of the offense took place in any municipality with a population of more than 25,000 persons, the Department of Human Services shall also give written notice to the proper law enforcement agency for said municipality, provided the municipality has requested such notice in writing.
    (b) Where a defendant in the custody of the Department of Human Services under any provision of this Article is released pursuant to an order of court, the clerk of the circuit court shall, after the entry of the order, transmit a certified copy of the order of release to the Department of Human Services and the Sheriff of the county from which the defendant was admitted. In cases where the arrest of the defendant or the commission of the offense took place in any municipality with a population of more than 25,000 persons, the Clerk of the circuit court shall also send a certified copy of the order of release to the proper law enforcement agency for said municipality provided the municipality has requested such notice in writing.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/104-31

    (725 ILCS 5/104-31) (from Ch. 38, par. 104-31)
    Sec. 104-31. No defendant placed in a setting of the Department of Human Services pursuant to the provisions of Sections 104-17, 104-25, or 104-26 shall be permitted outside the facility's housing unit unless escorted or accompanied by personnel of the Department of Human Services or authorized by court order. Any defendant placed in a secure setting pursuant to this Section, transported to court hearings or other necessary appointments off facility grounds by personnel of the Department of Human Services, may be placed in security devices or otherwise secured during the period of transportation to assure secure transport of the defendant and the safety of Department of Human Services personnel and others. These security measures shall not constitute restraint as defined in the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code. Nor shall any defendant be permitted any off-grounds privileges, either with or without escort by personnel of the Department of Human Services, any unsupervised on-ground privileges, or placement in a non-secure setting unless such off-grounds or unsupervised on-grounds privileges, or placement in a non-secure setting have been approved by specific court order, which order may include such conditions on the defendant as the court may deem appropriate and necessary to reasonably assure the defendant's satisfactory progress in treatment and the safety of the defendant or others. Whenever the court receives a report from the supervisor of the defendant's treatment recommending the defendant for any off-grounds or unsupervised on-grounds privileges, or placement in a non-secure setting, the court shall set the matter for a first hearing within 21 days unless good cause is demonstrated why the hearing cannot be held. The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly are declarative of existing law and shall not be construed as a new enactment.
(Source: P.A. 95-296, eff. 8-20-07; 96-1069, eff. 7-16-10.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106 heading)
ARTICLE 106. WITNESS
IMMUNITY

725 ILCS 5/106-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-1)
    Sec. 106-1. Granting of immunity.) In any investigation before a Grand Jury, or trial in any court, the court on motion of the State may order that any material witness be released from all liability to be prosecuted or punished on account of any testimony or other evidence he may be required to produce.
(Source: P.A. 79-1360.)

725 ILCS 5/106-2

    (725 ILCS 5/106-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-2)
    Sec. 106-2. Effect of immunity.
    Such order of immunity shall forever be a bar to prosecution against the witness for any offense shown in whole or in part by such testimony or other evidence except for perjury committed in the giving of such testimony.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/106-2.5

    (725 ILCS 5/106-2.5) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-2.5)
    Sec. 106-2.5. Use immunity.
    (a) In lieu of the immunity provided in Section 106-2 of this Code, the State's Attorney may make application to the court that a street gang member, who testifies on behalf of a public authority in a civil proceeding brought against a streetgang under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act, be granted immunity from prosecution in a criminal case as to any information directly or indirectly derived from the production of evidence by the streetgang member. The court shall grant the order of immunity if:
        (1) the production of the evidence is necessary to a
    
fair determination of a cause of action under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act; and
        (2) the streetgang member has refused or is likely to
    
refuse to produce the evidence on the basis of his or her privilege against self-incrimination.
    (b) In lieu of the immunity provided in Section 106-2 of this Code, in any investigation before a Grand Jury, or trial in any court, the court on motion of the State shall order that a witness be granted immunity from prosecution in a criminal case as to any information directly or indirectly derived from the production of evidence from the witness if the witness has refused or is likely to refuse to produce the evidence on the basis of his or her privilege against self-incrimination.
    (c) The production of evidence so compelled under the order, and any information directly or indirectly derived from it, may not be used against the witness in a criminal case, except in a prosecution for perjury, false swearing, or an offense otherwise involving a failure to comply with the order. An order of immunity granted under this Section does not bar prosecution of the witness, except as specifically provided in this Section.
    (d) Upon request of the witness so compelled, a copy of the evidence produced under the order shall be furnished to him or her.
(Source: P.A. 87-932; 88-241; 88-677, eff. 12-15-94.)

725 ILCS 5/106-3

    (725 ILCS 5/106-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 106-3)
    Sec. 106-3. Refusal to testify.
    Any witness who having been granted immunity refuses to testify or produce other evidence shall be in contempt of court subject to proceedings in accordance to law.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106B

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106B heading)
ARTICLE 106B. CHILD AND DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ABUSE
(Source: P.A. 95-897, eff. 1-1-09.)

725 ILCS 5/106B-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106B-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106B-1)
    Sec. 106B-1. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-674, eff. 12-14-94.)

725 ILCS 5/106B-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106B-5)
    Sec. 106B-5. Testimony by a victim who is a child or a moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or a person affected by a developmental disability.
    (a) In a proceeding in the prosecution of an offense of criminal sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual abuse, or aggravated criminal sexual abuse, a court may order that the testimony of a victim who is a child under the age of 18 years or a moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or a person affected by a developmental disability be taken outside the courtroom and shown in the courtroom by means of a closed circuit television if:
        (1) the testimony is taken during the proceeding; and
        (2) the judge determines that testimony by the child
    
victim or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled victim or victim affected by a developmental disability in the courtroom will result in the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability suffering serious emotional distress such that the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability cannot reasonably communicate or that the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability will suffer severe emotional distress that is likely to cause the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability to suffer severe adverse effects.
    (b) Only the prosecuting attorney, the attorney for the defendant, and the judge may question the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability.
    (c) The operators of the closed circuit television shall make every effort to be unobtrusive.
    (d) Only the following persons may be in the room with the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability when the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability testifies by closed circuit television:
        (1) the prosecuting attorney;
        (2) the attorney for the defendant;
        (3) the judge;
        (4) the operators of the closed circuit television
    
equipment; and
        (5) any person or persons whose presence, in the
    
opinion of the court, contributes to the well-being of the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability, including a person who has dealt with the child in a therapeutic setting concerning the abuse, a parent or guardian of the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability, and court security personnel.
    (e) During the child's or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person's or person affected by a developmental disability's testimony by closed circuit television, the defendant shall be in the courtroom and shall not communicate with the jury if the cause is being heard before a jury.
    (f) The defendant shall be allowed to communicate with the persons in the room where the child or moderately, severely, or profoundly intellectually disabled person or person affected by a developmental disability is testifying by any appropriate electronic method.
    (g) The provisions of this Section do not apply if the defendant represents himself pro se.
    (h) This Section may not be interpreted to preclude, for purposes of identification of a defendant, the presence of both the victim and the defendant in the courtroom at the same time.
    (i) This Section applies to prosecutions pending on or commenced on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1994.
    (j) For the purposes of this Section, "developmental disability" includes, but is not limited to, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106C

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106C heading)
ARTICLE 106C. (Repealed)

725 ILCS 5/106C-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106C-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 106C-1)
    Sec. 106C-1. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-241.)

725 ILCS 5/106C-2

    (725 ILCS 5/106C-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 106C-2)
    Sec. 106C-2. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-241.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106D

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106D heading)
ARTICLE 106D. CLOSED CIRCUIT
TELEVISION TESTIMONY

725 ILCS 5/106D-1

    (725 ILCS 5/106D-1)
    Sec. 106D-1. Defendant's appearance by closed circuit television and video conference.
    (a) Whenever the appearance in person in court, in either a civil or criminal proceeding, is required of anyone held in a place of custody or confinement operated by the State or any of its political subdivisions, including counties and municipalities, the chief judge of the circuit by rule may permit the personal appearance to be made by means of two-way audio-visual communication, including closed circuit television and computerized video conference, in the following proceedings:
        (1) the initial appearance before a judge on a
    
criminal complaint, at which bail will be set;
        (2) the waiver of a preliminary hearing;
        (3) the arraignment on an information or indictment
    
at which a plea of not guilty will be entered;
        (4) the presentation of a jury waiver;
        (5) any status hearing;
        (6) any hearing conducted under the Sexually Violent
    
Persons Commitment Act at which no witness testimony will be taken; and
        (7) at any hearing conducted under the Sexually
    
Violent Persons Commitment Act at which no witness testimony will be taken.
    (b) The two-way audio-visual communication facilities must provide two-way audio-visual communication between the court and the place of custody or confinement, and must include a secure line over which the person in custody and his or her counsel, if any, may communicate.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prohibit other court appearances through the use of two-way audio-visual communication, upon waiver of any right the person in custody or confinement may have to be present physically.
    (d) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to establish a right of any person held in custody or confinement to appear in court through two-way audio-visual communication or to require that any governmental entity, or place of custody or confinement, provide two-way audio-visual communication.
(Source: P.A. 95-263, eff. 8-17-07.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 106E

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 106E heading)
ARTICLE 106E. TASK FORCE ON PROFESSIONAL
PRACTICE IN THE ILLINOIS JUSTICE SYSTEMS
(Repealed internally, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-5

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-5)
    Sec. 106E-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed by Section 106E-15, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-10

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-10)
    Sec. 106E-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed by Section 106E-15, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/106E-15

    (725 ILCS 5/106E-15)
    Sec. 106E-15. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-577, eff. 8-14-99. Repealed internally, eff. 12-31-00.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. II

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. II heading)
TITLE II. APPREHENSION AND INVESTIGATION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107 heading)
ARTICLE 107. ARREST

725 ILCS 5/107-1

    (725 ILCS 5/107-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-1)
    Sec. 107-1. Definitions.
    (a) A "warrant of arrest" is a written order from a court directed to a peace officer, or to some other person specifically named, commanding him to arrest a person.
    (b) A "summons" is a written order issued by a court which commands a person to appear before a court at a stated time and place.
    (c) A "notice to appear" is a written request issued by a peace officer that a person appear before a court at a stated time and place.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-2

    (725 ILCS 5/107-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-2)
    Sec. 107-2. Arrest by Peace Officer.
    (1) A peace officer may arrest a person when:
        (a) He has a warrant commanding that such person be
    
arrested; or
        (b) He has reasonable grounds to believe that a
    
warrant for the person's arrest has been issued in this State or in another jurisdiction; or
        (c) He has reasonable grounds to believe that the
    
person is committing or has committed an offense.
    (2) Whenever a peace officer arrests a person, the officer shall question the arrestee as to whether he or she has any children under the age of 18 living with him or her who may be neglected as a result of the arrest or otherwise. The peace officer shall assist the arrestee in the placement of the children with a relative or other responsible person designated by the arrestee. If the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a child may be a neglected child as defined in the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, he shall report it immediately to the Department of Children and Family Services as provided in that Act.
    (3) A peace officer who executes a warrant of arrest in good faith beyond the geographical limitation of the warrant shall not be liable for false arrest.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

725 ILCS 5/107-3

    (725 ILCS 5/107-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-3)
    Sec. 107-3. Arrest by private person.
    Any person may arrest another when he has reasonable grounds to believe that an offense other than an ordinance violation is being committed.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-4

    (725 ILCS 5/107-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-4)
    Sec. 107-4. Arrest by peace officer from other jurisdiction.
    (a) As used in this Section:
        (1) "State" means any State of the United States and
    
the District of Columbia.
        (2) "Peace Officer" means any peace officer or member
    
of any duly organized State, County, or Municipal peace unit, any police force of another State, the United States Department of Defense, or any police force whose members, by statute, are granted and authorized to exercise powers similar to those conferred upon any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State.
        (3) "Fresh pursuit" means the immediate pursuit of a
    
person who is endeavoring to avoid arrest.
        (4) "Law enforcement agency" means a municipal police
    
department or county sheriff's office of this State.
    (a-3) Any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State may conduct temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and may make arrests in any jurisdiction within this State: (1) if the officer is engaged in the investigation of criminal activity that occurred in the officer's primary jurisdiction and the temporary questioning or arrest relates to, arises from, or is conducted pursuant to that investigation; or (2) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, becomes personally aware of the immediate commission of a felony or misdemeanor violation of the laws of this State; or (3) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, is requested by an appropriate State or local law enforcement official to render aid or assistance to the requesting law enforcement agency that is outside the officer's primary jurisdiction; or (4) in accordance with Section 2605-580 of the Department of State Police Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois. While acting pursuant to this subsection, an officer has the same authority as within his or her own jurisdiction.
    (a-7) The law enforcement agency of the county or municipality in which any arrest is made under this Section shall be immediately notified of the arrest.
    (b) Any peace officer of another State who enters this State in fresh pursuit and continues within this State in fresh pursuit of a person in order to arrest him on the ground that he has committed an offense in the other State has the same authority to arrest and hold the person in custody as peace officers of this State have to arrest and hold a person in custody on the ground that he has committed an offense in this State.
    (c) If an arrest is made in this State by a peace officer of another State in accordance with the provisions of this Section he shall without unnecessary delay take the person arrested before the circuit court of the county in which the arrest was made. Such court shall conduct a hearing for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the arrest. If the court determines that the arrest was lawful it shall commit the person arrested, to await for a reasonable time the issuance of an extradition warrant by the Governor of this State, or admit him to bail for such purpose. If the court determines that the arrest was unlawful it shall discharge the person arrested.
(Source: P.A. 98-576, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/107-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-5)
    Sec. 107-5. Method of arrest.
    (a) An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person or by his submission to custody.
    (b) An arrest may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night.
    (c) An arrest may be made anywhere within the jurisdiction of this State.
    (d) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to make an authorized arrest.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-6

    (725 ILCS 5/107-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-6)
    Sec. 107-6. Release by officer of person arrested.
    A peace officer who arrests a person without a warrant is authorized to release the person without requiring him to appear before a court when the officer is satisfied that there are no grounds for criminal complaint against the person arrested.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-7

    (725 ILCS 5/107-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-7)
    Sec. 107-7. Persons exempt from arrest.
    (a) Electors shall, in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at election, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (b) Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (c) The militia shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at musters and elections, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (d) Judges, attorneys, clerks, sheriffs, and other court officers shall be privileged from arrest while attending court and while going to and returning from court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-8

    (725 ILCS 5/107-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-8)
    Sec. 107-8. Assisting peace officer). (a) A peace officer making a lawful arrest may command the aid of persons over the age of 18.
    (b) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall have the same authority to arrest as that peace officer.
    (c) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall not be civilly liable for any reasonable conduct in aid of the officer.
(Source: P.A. 80-360.)

725 ILCS 5/107-9

    (725 ILCS 5/107-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-9)
    Sec. 107-9. Issuance of arrest warrant upon complaint.
    (a) When a complaint is presented to a court charging that an offense has been committed it shall examine upon oath or affirmation the complainant or any witnesses.
    (b) The complaint shall be in writing and shall:
        (1) State the name of the accused if known, and if
    
not known the accused may be designated by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (2) State the offense with which the accused is
    
charged;
        (3) State the time and place of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done by the complainant; and
        (4) Be subscribed and sworn to by the complainant.
    (c) A warrant shall be issued by the court for the arrest of the person complained against if it appears from the contents of the complaint and the examination of the complainant or other witnesses, if any, that the person against whom the complaint was made has committed an offense.
    (d) The warrant of arrest shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) Specify the name, sex and birth date of the
    
person to be arrested or if his name, sex or birth date is unknown, shall designate such person by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of his office;
        (6) Command that the person against whom the
    
complaint was made be arrested and brought before the court issuing the warrant or if he is absent or unable to act before the nearest or most accessible court in the same county;
        (7) Specify the amount of bail; and
        (8) Specify any geographical limitation placed on the
    
execution of the warrant, but such limitation shall not be expressed in mileage.
    (e) The warrant shall be directed to all peace officers in the State. It shall be executed by the peace officer, or by a private person specially named therein, at any location within the geographic limitation for execution placed on the warrant. If no geographic limitation is placed on the warrant, then it may be executed anywhere in the State.
    (f) The warrant may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine and any such warrant shall have the same validity as a written warrant.
(Source: P.A. 86-298; 87-523.)

725 ILCS 5/107-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-10)
    Sec. 107-10. Defective warrant.
    A warrant of arrest shall not be quashed or abated nor shall any person in custody for an offense be discharged from such custody because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-11

    (725 ILCS 5/107-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-11)
    Sec. 107-11. When summons may be issued.
    (a) When authorized to issue a warrant of arrest, a court may instead issue a summons.
    (b) The summons shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) State the name of the person summoned and his or
    
her address, if known;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of his or her office; and
        (6) Command the person to appear before a court at a
    
certain time and place.
    (c) The summons may be served in the same manner as the summons in a civil action, except that police officers may serve summons for violations of ordinances occurring within their municipalities.
(Source: P.A. 87-574.)

725 ILCS 5/107-12

    (725 ILCS 5/107-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-12)
    Sec. 107-12. Notice to appear.
    (a) Whenever a peace officer is authorized to arrest a person without a warrant he may instead issue to such person a notice to appear.
    (b) The notice shall:
    (1) Be in writing;
    (2) State the name of the person and his address, if known;
    (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
    (4) Be signed by the officer issuing the notice; and
    (5) Request the person to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (c) Upon failure of the person to appear a summons or warrant of arrest may issue.
    (d) In any case in which a person is arrested for a Class C misdemeanor or a petty offense and remanded to the sheriff other than pursuant to a court order, the sheriff may issue such person a notice to appear.
(Source: P.A. 83-693.)

725 ILCS 5/107-13

    (725 ILCS 5/107-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-13)
    Sec. 107-13. Offenses committed by corporations.
    (a) When a corporation is charged with the commission of an offense the court shall issue a summons setting forth the nature of the offense and commanding the corporation to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (b) The summons for the appearance of a corporation may be served in the manner provided for service of summons upon a corporation in a civil action.
    (c) If, after being summoned, the corporation does not appear, a plea of not guilty shall be entered by the court having jurisdiction to try the offense for which the summons was issued, and such court shall proceed to trial and judgment without further process.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-14

    (725 ILCS 5/107-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-14)
    Sec. 107-14. Temporary questioning without arrest. A peace officer, after having identified himself as a peace officer, may stop any person in a public place for a reasonable period of time when the officer reasonably infers from the circumstances that the person is committing, is about to commit or has committed an offense as defined in Section 102-15 of this Code, and may demand the name and address of the person and an explanation of his actions. Such detention and temporary questioning will be conducted in the vicinity of where the person was stopped.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 218.)

725 ILCS 5/107-15

    (725 ILCS 5/107-15)
    Sec. 107-15. Fresh pursuit. When the fact that a felony has been committed comes to the knowledge of a sheriff or coroner, fresh pursuit shall be forthwith made after every person guilty of the felony, by the sheriff, coroner, and all other persons who is by any one of them commanded or summoned for that purpose; every such officer who does not do his or her duty in the premises is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/107-16

    (725 ILCS 5/107-16)
    Sec. 107-16. Apprehension of offender. It is the duty of every sheriff, coroner, and every marshal, policeman, or other officer of an incorporated city, town, or village, having the power of a sheriff, when a criminal offense or breach of the peace is committed or attempted in his or her presence, forthwith to apprehend the offender and bring him or her before a judge, to be dealt with according to law; to suppress all riots and unlawful assemblies, and to keep the peace, and without delay to serve and execute all warrants and other process to him or her lawfully directed.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A heading)
ARTICLE 107A. LINEUP AND PHOTO SPREAD PROCEDURE
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-5)
    Sec. 107A-5. Lineup and photo spread procedure.
    (a) All lineups shall be photographed or otherwise recorded. These photographs shall be disclosed to the accused and his or her defense counsel during discovery proceedings as provided in Illinois Supreme Court Rules. All photographs of suspects shown to an eyewitness during the photo spread shall be disclosed to the accused and his or her defense counsel during discovery proceedings as provided in Illinois Supreme Court Rules.
    (b) Each eyewitness who views a lineup or photo spread shall sign a form containing the following information:
        (1) The suspect might not be in the lineup or photo
    
spread and the eyewitness is not obligated to make an identification.
        (2) The eyewitness should not assume that the person
    
administering the lineup or photo spread knows which person is the suspect in the case.
    (c) Suspects in a lineup or photo spread should not appear to be substantially different from "fillers" or "distracters" in the lineup or photo spread, based on the eyewitness' previous description of the perpetrator, or based on other factors that would draw attention to the suspect.
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-10)
    Sec. 107A-10. Pilot study on sequential lineup procedures.
    (a) Legislative intent. Because the goal of a police investigation is to apprehend the person or persons responsible for committing a crime, it is useful to conduct a pilot study in the field on the effectiveness of the sequential method for lineup procedures.
    (b) Establishment of pilot jurisdictions. The Department of State Police shall select 3 police departments to participate in a one-year pilot study on the effectiveness of the sequential lineup method for photo and live lineup procedures. One such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police district within a police department in a municipality whose population is at least 500,000 residents; one such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police department in a municipality whose population is at least 100,000 but less than 500,000; and one such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police department in a municipality whose population is less than 100,000. All such pilot jurisdictions shall be selected no later than July 1, 2004.
    (c) Sequential lineup procedures in pilot jurisdictions. For any offense alleged to have been committed in a pilot jurisdiction on or after July 1, 2004, selected lineup identification procedure shall be presented in the sequential method in which a witness is shown lineup participants one at a time, using the following procedures:
        (1) The witness shall be requested to state whether
    
the individual shown is the perpetrator of the crime prior to viewing the next lineup participant. Only one member of the lineup shall be a suspect and the remainder shall be "fillers" who are not suspects but fit the general description of the offender without the suspect unduly standing out;
        (2) The lineup administrator shall be someone who is
    
not aware of which member of the lineup is the suspect in the case; and
        (3) Prior to presenting the lineup using the
    
sequential method the lineup administrator shall:
            (A) Inform the witness that the perpetrator may
        
or may not be among those shown, and the witness should not feel compelled to make an identification;
            (B) Inform the witness that he or she will view
        
individuals one at a time and will be requested to state whether the individual shown is the perpetrator of the crime, prior to viewing the next lineup participant; and
            (C) Ask the witness to state in his or her own
        
words how sure he or she is that the person identified is the actual offender. During the statement, or as soon thereafter as reasonably possible, the witness's actual words shall be documented.
    (d) Application. This Section applies to selected live lineups that are composed and presented at a police station and to selected photo lineups regardless of where presented; provided that this Section does not apply in police investigations in which a spontaneous identification is possible and no lineup procedure is being used. This Section does not affect the right to counsel afforded by the U.S. or Illinois Constitutions or State law at any stage of a criminal proceeding.
    (e) Selection of lineups. The participating jurisdictions shall develop a protocol for the selection and administration of lineups which is practical, designed to elicit information for comparative evaluation purposes, and is consistent with objective scientific research methodology.
    (f) Training and administrators. The Department of State Police shall offer training to police officers and any other appropriate personnel on the sequential method of conducting lineup procedures in the pilot jurisdictions and the requirements of this Section. The Department of State Police may seek funding for training and administration from the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority and the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board if necessary.
    (g) Report on the pilot study. The Department of State Police shall gather information from each of the participating police departments selected as a pilot jurisdiction with respect to the effectiveness of the sequential method for lineup procedures and shall file a report of its findings with the Governor and the General Assembly no later than September 1, 2005.
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03; 93-655, eff. 1-20-04.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108 heading)
ARTICLE 108. SEARCH AND SEIZURE

725 ILCS 5/108-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1)
    Sec. 108-1. Search without warrant.
    (1) When a lawful arrest is effected a peace officer may reasonably search the person arrested and the area within such person's immediate presence for the purpose of:
        (a) protecting the officer from attack; or
        (b) preventing the person from escaping; or
        (c) discovering the fruits of the crime; or
        (d) discovering any instruments, articles, or things
    
which may have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, an offense.
    (2) (Blank).
    (3) A law enforcement officer may not search or inspect a motor vehicle, its contents, the driver, or a passenger solely because of a violation of Section 12-603.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
(Source: P.A. 93-99, eff. 7-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108-1.01

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1.01) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1.01)
    Sec. 108-1.01. Search during temporary questioning.
    When a peace officer has stopped a person for temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and reasonably suspects that he or another is in danger of attack, he may search the person for weapons. If the officer discovers a weapon, he may take it until the completion of the questioning, at which time he shall either return the weapon, if lawfully possessed, or arrest the person so questioned.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 218.)

725 ILCS 5/108-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-2)
    Sec. 108-2. Custody and disposition of things seized. An inventory of all instruments, articles or things seized on a search without warrant shall be given to the person arrested and a copy thereof delivered to the judge before whom the person arrested is taken, and thereafter, such instruments, articles or things shall be handled and disposed of in accordance with Sections 108-11 and 108-12 of this Code. If the person arrested is released without a charge being preferred against him all instruments, articles or things seized, other than contraband, shall be returned to him upon release.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-3)
    Sec. 108-3. Grounds for search warrant.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), upon the written complaint of any person under oath or affirmation which states facts sufficient to show probable cause and which particularly describes the place or person, or both, to be searched and the things to be seized, any judge may issue a search warrant for the seizure of the following:
        (1) Any instruments, articles or things designed or
    
intended for use or which are or have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, the offense in connection with which the warrant is issued; or contraband, the fruits of crime, or things otherwise criminally possessed.
        (2) Any person who has been kidnaped in violation of
    
the laws of this State, or who has been kidnaped in another jurisdiction and is now concealed within this State, or any human fetus or human corpse.
    (b) When the things to be seized are the work product of, or used in the ordinary course of business, and in the possession, custody, or control of any person known to be engaged in the gathering or dissemination of news for the print or broadcast media, no judge may issue a search warrant unless the requirements set forth in subsection (a) are satisfied and there is probable cause to believe that:
        (1) such person has committed or is committing a
    
criminal offense; or
        (2) the things to be seized will be destroyed or
    
removed from the State if the search warrant is not issued.
(Source: P.A. 89-377, eff. 8-18-95.)

725 ILCS 5/108-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-4)
    Sec. 108-4. Issuance of search warrant.
    (a) All warrants upon written complaint shall state the time and date of issuance and be the warrants of the judge issuing the same and not the warrants of the court in which he is then sitting and such warrants need not bear the seal of the court or clerk thereof. The complaint on which the warrant is issued need not be filed with the clerk of the court nor with the court if there is no clerk until the warrant has been executed or has been returned "not executed".
    The search warrant upon written complaint may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine and any such warrant shall have the same validity as a written search warrant.
    (b) Warrant upon oral testimony.
        (1) General rule. When the offense in connection with
    
which a search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, and if the circumstances make it reasonable to dispense, in whole or in part, with a written affidavit, a judge may issue a warrant based upon sworn testimony communicated by telephone or other appropriate means, including facsimile transmission.
        (2) Application. The person who is requesting the
    
warrant shall prepare a document to be known as a duplicate original warrant and shall read such duplicate original warrant, verbatim, to the judge. The judge shall enter, verbatim, what is so read to the judge on a document to be known as the original warrant. The judge may direct that the warrant be modified.
        (3) Issuance. If the judge is satisfied that the
    
offense in connection with which the search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, that the circumstances are such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, and that grounds for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe that they exist, the judge shall order the issuance of a warrant by directing the person requesting the warrant to sign the judge's name on the duplicate original warrant. The judge shall immediately sign the original warrant and enter on the face of the original warrant the exact time when the warrant was ordered to be issued. The finding of probable cause for a warrant upon oral testimony may be based on the same kind of evidence as is sufficient for a warrant upon affidavit.
        (4) Recording and certification of testimony. When a
    
caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, the judge shall immediately place under oath each person whose testimony forms a basis of the application and each person applying for that warrant. If a voice recording device is available, the judge shall record by means of the device all of the call after the caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, otherwise a stenographic or longhand verbatim record shall be made. If a voice recording device is used or a stenographic record made, the judge shall have the record transcribed, shall certify the accuracy of the transcription, and shall file a copy of the original record and the transcription with the court. If a longhand verbatim record is made, the judge shall file a signed copy with the court.
        (5) Contents. The contents of a warrant upon oral
    
testimony shall be the same as the contents of a warrant upon affidavit.
        (6) Additional rule for execution. The person who
    
executes the warrant shall enter the exact time of execution on the face of the duplicate original warrant.
        (7) Motion to suppress based on failure to obtain a
    
written affidavit. Evidence obtained pursuant to a warrant issued under this subsection (b) is not subject to a motion to suppress on the ground that the circumstances were not such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, absent a finding of bad faith. All other grounds to move to suppress are preserved.
        (8) This subsection (b) is inoperative on and after
    
January 1, 2005.
        (9) No evidence obtained pursuant to this subsection
    
(b) shall be inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subdivision (8).
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-5)
    Sec. 108-5. Persons authorized to execute search warrants.
    The warrant shall be issued in duplicate and shall be directed for execution to all peace officers of the State. However, the judge may direct the warrant to be executed by any person named specially therein.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-6)
    Sec. 108-6. Execution of search warrants.
    The warrant shall be executed within 96 hours from the time of issuance. If the warrant is executed the duplicate copy shall be left with any person from whom any instruments, articles or things are seized or if no person is available the copy shall be left at the place from which the instruments, articles or things were seized. Any warrant not executed within such time shall be void and shall be returned to the court of the judge issuing the same as "not executed".
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-7)
    Sec. 108-7. Command of search warrant.
    The warrant shall command the person directed to execute the same to search the place or person particularly described in the warrant and to seize the instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-8)
    Sec. 108-8. Use of force in execution of search warrant.
    (a) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to execute a search warrant.
    (b) The court issuing a warrant may authorize the officer executing the warrant to make entry without first knocking and announcing his or her office if it finds, based upon a showing of specific facts, the existence of the following exigent circumstances:
        (1) That the officer reasonably believes that if
    
notice were given a weapon would be used:
            (i) against the officer executing the search
        
warrant; or
            (ii) against another person.
        (2) That if notice were given there is an imminent
    
"danger" that evidence will be destroyed.
(Source: P.A. 92-502, eff. 12-19-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-9)
    Sec. 108-9. Detention and search of persons on premises.
    In the execution of the warrant the person executing the same may reasonably detain to search any person in the place at the time:
    (a) To protect himself from attack, or
    (b) To prevent the disposal or concealment of any instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-10)
    Sec. 108-10. Return to court of things seized.
    A return of all instruments, articles or things seized shall be made without unnecessary delay before the judge issuing the warrant or before any judge named in the warrant or before any court of competent jurisdiction. An inventory of any instruments, articles or things seized shall be filed with the return and signed under oath by the officer or person executing the warrant. The judge shall upon request deliver a copy of the inventory to the person from whom or from whose premises the instruments, articles or things were taken and to the applicant for the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-11)
    Sec. 108-11. Disposition of things seized. The court before which the instruments, articles or things are returned shall enter an order providing for their custody pending further proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 83-334.)

725 ILCS 5/108-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-12)
    Sec. 108-12. Disposition of obscene material. In the case of any material seized which is alleged to have been possessed or used or intended to be used contrary to, or is evidence of a violation of, Section 11-20 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the court before which the material is returned shall, upon written request of any person from whom the material was seized or any person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material, enter an order providing for a hearing to determine the obscene nature thereof not more than 10 days after such return. If the material is determined to be obscene it shall be held pending further proceedings as provided by Section 108-11 of this Code. If the material is determined not to be obscene it shall be returned to the person from whom or place from which it was seized, or to the person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material; provided that enough of the record material may be retained by the State for purposes of appellate proceedings. The decision of the court upon this hearing shall not be admissible as evidence in any other proceeding nor shall it be res judicata of any question in any other proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-13)
    Sec. 108-13. When warrant may be executed.
    The warrant may be executed at any time of any day or night.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-14)
    Sec. 108-14. No warrant quashed for technicality. No warrant shall be quashed nor evidence suppressed because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A heading)
ARTICLE 108A. JUDICIAL SUPERVISION OF
THE USE OF EAVESDROPPING DEVICES

725 ILCS 5/108A-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-1)
    Sec. 108A-1. Authorization for use of eavesdropping device. The State's Attorney or an Assistant State's Attorney authorized by the State's Attorney may authorize an application to a circuit judge or an associate judge assigned by the Chief Judge of the circuit for, and such judge may grant in conformity with this Article, an order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device by a law enforcement officer or agency having the responsibility for the investigation of any felony under Illinois law where any one party to a conversation to be monitored, or previously monitored in the case of an emergency situation as defined in this Article, has consented to such monitoring.
    The Chief Judge of the circuit may assign to associate judges the power to issue orders authorizing or approving the use of eavesdropping devices by law enforcement officers or agencies in accordance with this Article. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an associate judge shall have plenary authority to issue such orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until such time as the associate judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-2)
    Sec. 108A-2. Authorized Disclosure or Use of Information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-3)
    Sec. 108A-3. Procedure for Obtaining Judicial Approval of Use of Eavesdropping Device. (a) Where any one party to a conversation to occur in the future has consented to the use of an eavesdropping device to overhear or record the conversation, a judge may grant approval to an application to use an eavesdropping device pursuant to the provisions of this section.
    Each application for an order authorizing or subsequently approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation to a circuit judge, or an associate judge assigned for such purpose pursuant to Section 108A-1 of this Code, and shall state the applicant's authority to make such application. Each application shall include the following:
    (1) the identity of the investigative or law enforcement officer making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application;
    (2) a statement of the facts and circumstances relied upon by the applicant to justify his belief that an order should be issued including: (a) details as to the felony that has been, is being, or is about to be committed; (b) a description of the type of communication sought to be monitored; (c) the identity of the party to the expected conversation consenting to the use of an eavesdropping device; (d) the identity of the person, if known, whose conversations are to be overheard by the eavesdropping device;
    (3) a statement of the period of time for which the use of the device is to be maintained or, if the nature of the investigation is such that the authorization for use of the device should not terminate automatically when the described type of communication is overheard or recorded, a description of facts establishing reasonable cause to believe that additional conversations of the same type will occur thereafter;
    (4) a statement of the existence of all previous applications known to the individual making the application which have been made to any judge requesting permission to use an eavesdropping device involving the same persons in the present application, and the action taken by the judge on the previous applications;
    (5) when the application is for an extension of an order, a statement setting forth the results so far obtained from the use of the eavesdropping device or an explanation of the failure to obtain such results.
    (b) The judge may request the applicant to furnish additional testimony, witnesses, or evidence in support of the application.
(Source: P.A. 86-391.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-4)
    Sec. 108A-4. Grounds for Approval or Authorization. The judge may authorize or approve the use of the eavesdropping device where it is found that:
    (a) one party to the conversation has or will have consented to the use of the device;
    (b) there is reasonable cause for believing that an individual is committing, has committed, or is about to commit a felony under Illinois law;
    (c) there is reasonable cause for believing that particular conversations concerning that felony offense will be obtained through such use; and
    (d) for any extension authorized, that further use of a device is warranted on similar grounds.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-5)
    Sec. 108A-5. Orders Authorizing Use of an Eavesdropping Device.
    (a) Each order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall specify:
        (1) the identity of the person who has consented to
    
the use of the device to monitor any of his conversations and a requirement that any conversation overheard or received must include this person;
        (2) the identity of the other person or persons, if
    
known, who will participate in the conversation;
        (3) the period of time in which the use of the device
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the use shall automatically terminate when the described conversations have been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this section may authorize or approve the use of any eavesdropping device for any period longer than 30 days. An initial or a subsequent extension, in no case for more than 30 days each, of an order may be granted but only upon application made in accordance with Section 108A-3 and where the court makes the findings required in Section 108A-4.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-6)
    Sec. 108A-6. Emergency Exception to Procedures. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Article, any investigative or law enforcement officer, upon approval of a State's Attorney, or without it if a reasonable effort has been made to contact the appropriate State's Attorney, may use an eavesdropping device in an emergency situation as defined in this Section. Such use must be in accordance with the provisions of this Section and may be allowed only where the officer reasonably believes that an order permitting the use of the device would issue were there a prior hearing.
    An emergency situation exists when, without previous notice to the law enforcement officer sufficient to obtain prior judicial approval, the conversation to be overheard or recorded will occur within a short period of time, the use of the device is necessary for the protection of the law enforcement officer or it will occur in a situation involving a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; or (3) any violation of Article 29D.
    (b) In all such cases, an application for an order approving the previous or continuing use of an eavesdropping device must be made within 48 hours of the commencement of such use. In the absence of such an order, or upon its denial, any continuing use shall immediately terminate.
    In order to approve such emergency use, the judge must make a determination (1) that he would have granted an order had the information been before the court prior to the use of the device and (2) that there was an emergency situation as defined in this Section.
    (c) In the event that an application for approval under this Section is denied the contents of the conversations overheard or recorded shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-7)
    Sec. 108A-7. Retention and Review of Recordings.
    (a) The contents of any conversation overheard by any eavesdropping device shall, if possible, be recorded on tape or a comparable device. The recording of the contents of a conversation under this Article shall be done in such a way as will protect the recording from editing or other alterations.
    (b) Immediately after the expiration of the period of the order or extension or, where the recording was made in an emergency situation as defined in Section 108A-6, at the time of the request for approval subsequent to the emergency, all such recordings shall be made available to the judge issuing the order or hearing the application for approval of an emergency application.
    The judge shall listen to the tapes, determine if the conversations thereon are within his order or were appropriately made in emergency situations, and make a record of such determination to be retained with the tapes.
    The recordings shall be sealed under the instructions of the judge and custody shall be where he orders. Such recordings shall not be destroyed except upon order of the judge hearing the application and in any event shall be kept for 10 years if not destroyed upon his order.
    Duplicate recordings may be made for any use or disclosure authorized by this Article. The presence of the seal provided for in this Section or a satisfactory explanation for the absence thereof shall be a pre-requisite for the use or disclosure of the contents of the recordings or any evidence derived therefrom.
    (c) Applications made and orders granted under this Article shall be sealed by the judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be wherever the judge requests. Such applications and orders shall be disclosed only upon a showing of good cause before a judge. Such documents shall not be destroyed except on the order of the issuing or denying judge or after the expiration of 10 years time if not destroyed upon his order.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-8)
    Sec. 108A-8. Notice to Parties Overheard.
    (a) Within a reasonable time, but not later than 90 days after either the filing of an application for an order of authorization or approval which is denied or not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of an order or extension thereof, the issuing or denying judge shall cause to be served on the persons named in the order or application and such other persons in the recorded conversation as the judge may determine that justice requires be notified, a notice of the transaction involving any requested or completed use of an eavesdropping device which shall include:
    (1) notice of the entry of an order, of subsequent approval in an emergency situation, or the denial of an application;
    (2) the date of the entry, approval, or denial;
    (3) the period of the authorized use of any eavesdropping device; and
    (4) notice of whether during the period of eavesdropping devices were or were not used to overhear and record various conversations and whether or not such conversations are recorded.
    On an ex parte showing of good cause, the notice required by this subsection may be postponed.
    (b) Upon the filing of a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to such person or his attorney for inspection such portions of the recorded conversations or the applications and orders as the judge determines it would be in the interest of justice to make available.
    (c) The contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom shall not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing, or other judicial or administrative proceeding unless each party not less than 10 days before such a proceeding has been furnished with a copy of the court order and accompanying application under which the recording was authorized or approved and has had an opportunity to examine the portion of the tapes to be introduced or relied upon. Such 10 day period may be waived by the judge if he finds that it was not possible to furnish the party with such information within the stated period and that the party will not be materially prejudiced by the delay in receiving such information.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-9)
    Sec. 108A-9. Motion to Suppress Contents of Recording, etc.
    (a) Any aggrieved person in any judicial or administrative proceeding may move to suppress the contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom on the grounds that:
    (1) the conversation was unlawfully overheard and recorded;
    (2) the order of authorization or approval under which the device was used or a recording made was improperly granted; or
    (3) the recording or interception was not made in conformity with the order of authorization.
    (b) Such a motion shall be made before the proceeding unless there was no previous opportunity for such motion. If the motion is granted, the contents shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article. Upon the filing of such a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to the moving party or his attorney such portions of the recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom as the judge determines to be in the interests of justice.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-10)
    Sec. 108A-10. Appeal by State. In addition to any other right to appeal, the State shall have the right to appeal from a denial of an application for an order of authorization or approval and the right to appeal the granting of a motion to suppress.
    Where the State appeals, such appeal shall be taken within 30 days after the date the order was denied or motion granted and shall be diligently prosecuted.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-11)
    Sec. 108A-11. Reports Concerning Use of Eavesdropping Devices. (a) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which eavesdropping devices were used pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Department of State Police the following with respect to each application for an order authorizing the use of an eavesdropping device, or an extension thereof, made during the preceding calendar year:
    (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
    (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
    (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
    (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
    (5) the felony specified in the order extension or denied application;
    (6) the identity of the applying investigative or law enforcement officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
    (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) Such report shall also include the following:
    (1) a general description of the uses of eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overheard or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
    (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
    (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of eavesdropping devices;
    (4) the number of motions to suppress made with respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
    (5) the number of convictions resulting from such uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    (c) In April of each year, the Department of State Police shall transmit to the General Assembly a report including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, and the convictions arising out of such uses.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report with the Speaker, the Minority Leader and the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the President, the Minority Leader and the Secretary of the Senate and the Legislative Research Unit, as required by Section 3.1 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to the General Assembly", approved February 25, 1874, as amended, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-391.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B heading)
ARTICLE 108B. ELECTRONIC CRIMINAL SURVEILLANCE

725 ILCS 5/108B-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-1)
    Sec. 108B-1. Definitions. For the purpose of this Article:
    (a) "Aggrieved person" means a person who was a party to any intercepted private communication or any person against whom the intercept was directed.
    (b) "Chief Judge" means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, the Chief Judge of the Circuit Court wherein the application for order of interception is filed, or a Circuit Judge designated by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. In circuits other than the Cook County Circuit, "Chief Judge" also means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, an Associate Judge authorized by Supreme Court Rule to try felony cases who is assigned by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an Associate Judge shall have plenary authority to issue orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until the time the Associate Judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
    (c) "Communications common carrier" means any person engaged as a common carrier in the transmission of communications by wire or radio, not including radio broadcasting.
    (d) "Contents" includes information obtained from a private communication concerning the existence, substance, purport or meaning of the communication, or the identity of a party of the communication.
    (e) "Court of competent jurisdiction" means any circuit court.
    (f) "Department" means Illinois Department of State Police.
    (g) "Director" means Director of the Illinois Department of State Police.
    (g-1) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or part by a wire, radio, pager, computer, or electromagnetic, photo electronic, or photo optical system where the sending and receiving parties intend the electronic communication to be private and the interception, recording, or transcription of the electronic communication is accomplished by a device in a surreptitious manner contrary to the provisions of this Article. "Electronic communication" does not include:
        (1) any wire or oral communication; or
        (2) any communication from a tracking device.
    (h) "Electronic criminal surveillance device" or "eavesdropping device" means any device or apparatus, or computer program including an induction coil, that can be used to intercept private communication other than:
        (1) Any telephone, telegraph or telecommunication
    
instrument, equipment or facility, or any component of it, furnished to the subscriber or user by a communication common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or purchased by any person and being used by the subscriber, user or person in the ordinary course of his business, or being used by a communications common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or by an investigative or law enforcement officer in the ordinary course of his duties; or
        (2) A hearing aid or similar device being used to
    
correct subnormal hearing to not better than normal.
    (i) "Electronic criminal surveillance officer" means any law enforcement officer or retired law enforcement officer of the United States or of the State or political subdivision of it, or of another State, or of a political subdivision of it, who is certified by the Illinois Department of State Police to intercept private communications. A retired law enforcement officer may be certified by the Illinois State Police only to (i) prepare petitions for the authority to intercept private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Act; (ii) intercept and supervise the interception of private communications; (iii) handle, safeguard, and use evidence derived from such private communications; and (iv) operate and maintain equipment used to intercept private communications.
    (j) "In-progress trace" means to determine the origin of a wire communication to a telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment or facility during the course of the communication.
    (k) "Intercept" means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any private communication through the use of any electronic criminal surveillance device.
    (l) "Journalist" means a person engaged in, connected with, or employed by news media, including newspapers, magazines, press associations, news agencies, wire services, radio, television or other similar media, for the purpose of gathering, processing, transmitting, compiling, editing or disseminating news for the general public.
    (m) "Law enforcement agency" means any law enforcement agency of the United States, or the State or a political subdivision of it.
    (n) "Oral communication" means human speech used to communicate by one party to another, in person, by wire communication or by any other means.
    (o) "Private communication" means a wire, oral, or electronic communication uttered or transmitted by a person exhibiting an expectation that the communication is not subject to interception, under circumstances reasonably justifying the expectation. Circumstances that reasonably justify the expectation that a communication is not subject to interception include the use of a cordless telephone or cellular communication device.
    (p) "Wire communication" means any human speech used to communicate by one party to another in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by wire, cable or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception furnished or operated by a communications common carrier.
    (q) "Privileged communications" means a private communication between:
        (1) a licensed and practicing physician and a patient
    
within the scope of the profession of the physician;
        (2) a licensed and practicing psychologist to a
    
patient within the scope of the profession of the psychologist;
        (3) a licensed and practicing attorney-at-law and a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the lawyer;
        (4) a practicing clergyman and a confidant within the
    
scope of the profession of the clergyman;
        (5) a practicing journalist within the scope of his
    
profession;
        (6) spouses within the scope of their marital
    
relationship; or
        (7) a licensed and practicing social worker to a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the social worker.
    (r) "Retired law enforcement officer" means a person: (1) who is a graduate of a police training institute or academy, who after graduating served for at least 15 consecutive years as a sworn, full-time peace officer qualified to carry firearms for any federal or State department or agency or for any unit of local government of Illinois; (2) who has retired as a local, State, or federal peace officer in a publicly created peace officer retirement system; and (3) whose service in law enforcement was honorably terminated through retirement or disability and not as a result of discipline, suspension, or discharge.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5)
    Sec. 108B-1.5. Retired law enforcement officer. Nothing in this Article authorizes a retired law enforcement officer to display or use a firearm at any time.
(Source: P.A. 92-863, eff. 1-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2)
    Sec. 108B-2. Request for application for interception.
    (a) A State's Attorney may apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) The head of a law enforcement agency, including, for purposes of this subsection, the acting head of such law enforcement agency if the head of such agency is absent or unable to serve, may request that a State's Attorney apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    Upon request of a law enforcement agency, the Department may provide technical assistance to such an agency which is authorized to conduct an interception.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2a

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2a) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2a)
    Sec. 108B-2a. Authorized disclosure or use of information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative officer, including any attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of offenses enumerated in Section 108B-3 of this Act or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-3)
    Sec. 108B-3. Authorization for the interception of private communication.
    (a) The State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him and to perform his duties during his absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and (i) the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of Section 8-1(b) (solicitation of murder), 8-1.2 (solicitation of murder for hire), 9-1 (first degree murder), 10-9 (involuntary servitude, involuntary sexual servitude of a minor, or trafficking in persons), paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) of Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution), subdivision (a)(2)(A) or (a)(2)(B) of Section 11-14.3 (promoting prostitution), 11-15.1 (soliciting for a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-16 (pandering), 11-17.1 (keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), 11-18.1 (patronizing a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-19.1 (juvenile pimping and aggravated juvenile pimping), or 29B-1 (money laundering) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Section 401, 401.1 (controlled substance trafficking), 405, 405.1 (criminal drug conspiracy) or 407 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or any Section of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, a violation of Section 24-2.1, 24-2.2, 24-3, 24-3.1, 24-3.3, 24-3.4, 24-4, or 24-5 or subsection 24-1(a)(4), 24-1(a)(6), 24-1(a)(7), 24-1(a)(9), 24-1(a)(10), or 24-1(c) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or conspiracy to commit money laundering or conspiracy to commit first degree murder; (ii) in response to a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; (iii) to aid an investigation or prosecution of a civil action brought under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act when there is probable cause to believe the interception of the private communication will provide evidence that a streetgang is committing, has committed, or will commit a second or subsequent gang-related offense or that the interception of the private communication will aid in the collection of a judgment entered under that Act; or (iv) upon information and belief that a streetgang has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a felony.
    (b) The State's Attorney or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a circuit court for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of an offense under Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b-1) Subsection (b) is inoperative on and after January 1, 2005.
    (b-2) No conversations recorded or monitored pursuant to subsection (b) shall be made inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subsection (b-1).
    (c) As used in this Section, "streetgang" and "gang-related" have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-710, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1464, eff. 8-20-10; 97-897, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-4)
    Sec. 108B-4. Application for order of interception.
    (a) Each application for an order of authorization to intercept a private communication shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation and shall include:
        (1) the authority of the applicant to make the
    
application;
        (2) the identity of the electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer for whom the authority to intercept a private communication is sought;
        (3) the facts relied upon by the applicant including:
            (i) the identity of the particular person, if
        
known, who is committing, is about to commit, or has committed the offense and whose private communication is to be intercepted;
            (ii) the details as to the particular offense
        
that has been, is being, or is about to be committed;
            (iii) the particular type of private
        
communication to be intercepted;
            (iv) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, a
        
showing that there is probable cause to believe that the private communication will be communicated on the particular wire or electronic communication facility involved or at the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (v) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, the
        
character and location of the particular wire or electronic communication facilities involved or the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (vi) the objective of the investigation;
            (vii) a statement of the period of time for which
        
the interception is required to be maintained, and, if the objective of the investigation is such that the authorization for interception should not automatically terminate when the described type of communication has been first obtained, a particular statement of facts establishing probable cause to believe that additional communications of the same type will continue to occur;
            (viii) a particular statement of facts showing
        
that other normal investigative procedures with respect to the offense have been tried and have failed, or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried, or are too dangerous to employ;
        (4) where the application is for the extension of an
    
order, a statement of facts showing the results obtained from the interception, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain results;
        (5) a statement of the facts concerning all previous
    
applications known to the applicant made to any court for authorization to intercept a private communication involving any of the same facilities or places specified in the application or involving any person whose communication is to be intercepted, and the action taken by the court on each application;
        (6) a proposed order of authorization for
    
consideration by the judge; and
        (7) such additional statements of facts in support of
    
the application on which the applicant may rely or as the chief judge may require.
    (b) As part of the consideration of that part of an application for which there is no corroborative evidence offered, the chief judge may inquire in camera as to the identity of any informant or request any other additional information concerning the basis upon which the State's Attorney, or the head of the law enforcement agency has relied in making an application or a request for application for the order of authorization which the chief judge finds relevant to the determination of probable cause under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-5)
    Sec. 108B-5. Requirements for order of interception.
    (a) Upon consideration of an application, the chief judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or as modified, authorizing the interception of a private communication, if the chief judge determines on the basis of the application submitted by the applicant, that:
        (1) There is probable cause for belief that (A) the
    
person whose private communication is to be intercepted is committing, has committed, or is about to commit an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3, or (B) the facilities from which, or the place where, the private communication is to be intercepted, is, has been, or is about to be used in connection with the commission of the offense, or is leased to, listed in the name of, or commonly used by, the person; and
        (2) There is probable cause for belief that a
    
particular private communication concerning such offense may be obtained through the interception; and
        (3) Normal investigative procedures with respect to
    
the offense have been tried and have failed or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or too dangerous to employ; and
        (4) The electronic criminal surveillance officers to
    
be authorized to supervise the interception of the private communication have been certified by the Department.
    (b) In the case of an application, other than for an extension, for an order to intercept a communication of a person or on a wire communication facility that was the subject of a previous order authorizing interception, the application shall be based upon new evidence or information different from and in addition to the evidence or information offered to support the prior order, regardless of whether the evidence was derived from prior interceptions or from other sources.
    (c) The chief judge may authorize interception of a private communication anywhere in the judicial circuit. If the court authorizes the use of an eavesdropping device with respect to a vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft that is within the judicial circuit at the time the order is issued, the order may provide that the interception may continue anywhere within the State if the vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft leaves the judicial circuit.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-6)
    Sec. 108B-6. Privileged communications. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to authorize the interception, disclosure or use of information obtained from privileged communications.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-7)
    Sec. 108B-7. Contents of order for use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Each order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall state:
        (1) the chief judge is authorized to issue the order;
        (2) the identity of, or a particular description of,
    
the person, if known, whose private communications are to be intercepted;
        (3) the character and location of the particular wire
    
communication facilities as to which, or the particular place of the communications as to which, authority to intercept is granted;
        (4) a particular description of the type of private
    
communication to be intercepted and a statement of the particular offense to which it relates;
        (5) the identity and certification of the electronic
    
criminal surveillance officers to whom the authority to intercept a private communication is given and the identity of the person who authorized the application; and
        (6) the period of time during which the interception
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the interception shall automatically terminate when the described communication has been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this Section shall authorize the interception of private communications for a period of time in excess of that necessary to achieve the objective of the authorization. Every order entered under this Section shall require that the interception begin and terminate as soon as practicable and be conducted in such a manner as to minimize the interception of communications not otherwise subject to interception. No order, other than for an extension, entered under this Section may authorize the interception of private communications for any period exceeding 30 days. Extensions of an order may be granted for periods of not more than 30 days. No extension shall be granted unless an application for it is made in accordance with Section 108B-4 and the judge makes the findings required by Section 108B-5 and, where necessary, Section 108B-6.
    (c) Whenever an order authorizing an interception is entered, the order shall require reports to be made to the chief judge who issued the order showing what progress has been made toward achievement of the authorized objective and the need for continued interception. The reports shall be made at such intervals as the judge may require.
    (d) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon request of the applicant, direct that a communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person furnish the applicant forthwith all information, facilities and technical assistance necessary to accomplish the interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with the services that the carrier, owner, building operator, landlord, custodian, or person is affording the person whose communication is to be intercepted. The obligation of a communications common carrier under the order may include conducting an in-progress trace during an interception. Any communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or person furnishing the facilities or technical assistance shall be compensated by the applicant at the prevailing rates.
    (e) A communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person who has been provided with an order issued under this Article shall not disclose the existence of the order of interception, or of a device used to accomplish the interception unless:
        (1) he is required to do so by legal process; and
        (2) he has given prior notification to the State's
    
Attorney, who has authorized the application for the order.
    (f) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon the request of the applicant, authorize the entry into the place or facilities by electronic criminal surveillance officers as often as necessary for the purpose of installing, maintaining or removing an intercepting device where the entry is necessary to conduct or complete the interception. The chief judge who issues the order shall be notified of the fact of each entry prior to entry, if practicable, and, in any case, within 48 hours of entry.
    (g)  (1) Notwithstanding any provision of this Article, any chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction to which any application is made under this Article may take any evidence, make any finding, or issue any order to conform the proceedings or the issuance of any order to the Constitution of the United States, or of any law of the United States or to the Constitution of the State of Illinois or to the laws of Illinois.
    (2) When the language of this Article is the same or similar to the language of Title III of P.L. 90-351 (82 Stat. 211 et seq., codified at, 18 U.S.C. 2510 et seq.), the courts of this State in construing this Article shall follow the construction given to Federal law by the United States Supreme Court or United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5)
    Sec. 108B-7.5. Applicability.
    (a) The requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article relating to the specification of the facilities from which, or the place where, the communication is to be intercepted do not apply if:
        (1) in the case of an application with respect to the
    
interception of an oral communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application contains a full and complete
        
statement as to why such specification is not practical and identifies the person committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted;
            (C) the judge finds that such specification is
        
not practical; and
            (D) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (2) in the case of an application with respect to a
    
wire or electronic communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application identifies the person
        
believed to be committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted and the applicant makes a showing that there is probable cause to believe that the person's actions could have the effect of thwarting interception from a specified facility;
            (C) the judge finds that such showing has been
        
adequately made;
            (D) the order authorizing or approving the
        
interception is limited to interception only for such time as it is reasonable to presume that the person identified in the application is or was reasonably proximate to the instrument through which such communication will be or was transmitted; and
            (E) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b) An interception of a communication under an order with respect to which the requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article do not apply by reason of this Section shall not begin until the place where the communication is to be intercepted is ascertained by the person implementing the interception order. A provider of wire or electronic communications service that has received an order as provided for in subdivision (a)(2) may upon notice to the People move the court to modify or quash the order on the ground that its assistance with respect to the interception cannot be performed in a timely or reasonable fashion. The court shall decide such a motion expeditiously.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-8)
    Sec. 108B-8. Emergency use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Whenever, upon informal application by the State's Attorney, a chief judge of competent jurisdiction determines that:
        (1) there may be grounds upon which an order could be
    
issued under this Article;
        (2) there is probable cause to believe that an
    
emergency situation exists with respect to the investigation of an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3; and
        (3) there is probable cause to believe that a
    
substantial danger to life or limb exists justifying the authorization for immediate interception of a private communication before formal application for an order could with due diligence be submitted to him and acted upon; the chief judge may grant oral approval for an interception, without an order, conditioned upon the filing with him, within 48 hours, of an application for an order under Section 108B-4 which shall also recite the oral approval under this Section and be retroactive to the time of the oral approval.
    (b) Interception under oral approval under this Section shall immediately terminate when the communication sought is obtained or when the application for an order is denied, whichever is earlier.
    (c) In the event no formal application for an order is subsequently made under this Section, the content of any private communication intercepted under oral approval under this Section shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
    (d) In the event no application for an order is made under this Section or an application made under this Section is subsequently denied, the judge shall cause an inventory to be served under Section 108B-11 of this Article and shall require the tape or other recording of the intercepted communication to be delivered to, and sealed by, the judge. The evidence shall be retained by the court, and it shall not be used or disclosed in any legal proceeding, except a civil action brought by an aggrieved person under Section 14-6 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or as otherwise authorized by the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. In addition to other remedies or penalties provided by law, failure to deliver any tape or other recording to the chief judge shall be punishable as contempt by the judge directing the delivery.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-9)
    Sec. 108B-9. Recordings, records and custody.
    (a) Any private communication intercepted in accordance with this Article shall, if practicable, be recorded by tape or other comparable method. The recording shall, if practicable, be done in such a way as will protect it from editing or other alteration. During an interception, the interception shall be carried out by an electronic criminal surveillance officer, and, if practicable, such officer shall keep a signed, written record, including:
        (1) the date and hours of surveillance;
        (2) the time and duration of each intercepted
    
communication;
        (3) the parties, if known, to each intercepted
    
conversation; and
        (4) a summary of the contents of each intercepted
    
communication.
    (b) Immediately upon the expiration of the order or its extensions, the tapes and other recordings shall be transferred to the chief judge issuing the order and sealed under his direction. Custody of the tapes, or other recordings, shall be maintained wherever the chief judge directs. They shall not be destroyed except upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction and in any event shall be kept for 10 years. Duplicate tapes or other recordings may be made for disclosure or use under paragraph (a) of Section 108B-2a of this Article. The presence of the seal provided by this Section, or a satisfactory explanation for its absence, shall be a prerequisite for the disclosure of the contents of any private communication, or evidence derived from it, under paragraph (b) of Section 108B-2a of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-10)
    Sec. 108B-10. Applications, orders, and custody.
    (a) Applications made and orders granted under this Article for the interception of private communications shall be sealed by the chief judge issuing or denying them and held in custody as the judge shall direct. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure of the applications and orders may be ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction on a showing of good cause.
    (b) The electronic criminal surveillance officer shall retain a copy of applications and orders for the interception of private communications. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure and use of the applications and orders may be made by an electronic criminal surveillance officer only in the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) In addition to any other remedies or penalties provided by law, any violation of this Section shall be punishable as contempt of court.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-11)
    Sec. 108B-11. Inventory.
    (a) Within a reasonable period of time but not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of the order, or its extensions, or the date of the denial of an application made under Section 108B-8, the chief judge issuing or denying the order or extension shall cause an inventory to be served on any person:
        (1) named in the order;
        (2) arrested as a result of the interception of his
    
private communication;
        (3) indicted or otherwise charged as a result of the
    
interception of his private communication;
        (4) whose private communication was intercepted and
    
who the judge issuing or denying the order or application may in his discretion determine should be informed in the interest of justice.

 
    (b) The inventory under this Section shall include:
        (1) notice of the entry of the order or the
    
application for an order denied under Section 108B-8;
        (2) the date of the entry of the order or the denial
    
of an order applied for under Section 108B-8;
        (3) the period of authorized or disapproved
    
interception; and
        (4) the fact that during the period a private
    
communication was or was not intercepted.
    (c) A court of competent jurisdiction, upon filing of a motion, may in its discretion make available to those persons or their attorneys for inspection those portions of the intercepted communications, applications and orders as the court determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (d) On an ex parte showing of good cause to a court of competent jurisdiction, the serving of the inventories required by this Section may be postponed for a period not to exceed 12 months.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-12)
    Sec. 108B-12. Approval, notice, suppression.
    (a) If an electronic criminal surveillance officer, while intercepting a private communication in accordance with the provision of this Article, intercepts a private communication that relates to an offense other than an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Act, or relates to an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 but not specified in the order of authorization, the State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him, may, in order to permit the disclosure or use of the information under Section 108B-2a of this Act, make a motion for an order approving the interception. The chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction shall enter an order approving the interception if he finds that at the time of the application, there existed probable cause to believe that a person whose private communication was intercepted was committing or had committed an offense and the content of the communication relates to that offense, and that the communication was otherwise intercepted in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) An intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in an official proceeding unless each aggrieved person who is a party in the official proceeding, including any proceeding before a legislative, judicial, administrative or other governmental agency or official authorized to hear evidence under oath or other person taking testimony or depositions in any such proceeding, other than a grand jury, has, not less than 10 days before the official proceeding, been furnished with a copy of the court order, and the accompanying application, under which the interception was authorized or approved. The 10 day period may be waived by the presiding official if he finds that it was not practicable to furnish the person with the information 10 days before the proceeding, and that the person will not be or has not been prejudiced by delay in receiving the information.
    (c) An aggrieved person in an official proceeding may make a motion under this Section to suppress the contents of an intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, on the grounds that:
        (1) the communication was unlawfully intercepted;
        (2) the order of authorization or approval under
    
which it was intercepted is insufficient on its face; or
        (3) the interception was not made in conformity with
    
the order of authorization or approval or at the time of the application there was not probable cause to believe that the aggrieved person was committing or had committed the offense to which the content of the private communication relates.
    (d) If a motion under this Section duly alleges that the evidence sought to be suppressed in an official proceeding, including a grand jury, has been derived from an unlawfully intercepted private communication, and if the aggrieved person who is a party has not been served with notice of the interception under this Section, the opponent of the allegation shall, after conducting a thorough search of its files, affirm or deny the occurrence of the alleged unlawful interception, but no motion shall be considered if the alleged unlawful interception took place more than 5 years before the event to which the evidence relates.
    (e) Where a motion is duly made under this Section prior to the appearance of a witness before a grand jury, the opponent of the motion may make such applications and orders as it has available to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction in camera, and if the judge determines that there is no defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, the judge shall inform the witness that he has not been the subject of an unlawful interception. If the judge determines that there is a defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, he shall enter an order prohibiting any question being put to the witness based on the unlawful interception.
    (f) Motions under this Section shall be made prior to the official proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make the motion or unless the aggrieved person who is a party was not aware of the grounds for the motion. Motions by co-indictees shall, on motion of the People, be heard in a single consolidated hearing.
    (g) A chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction, upon the filing of a motion by an aggrieved person who is a party under this Section, except before a grand jury, may make available for inspection by the aggrieved person or his attorney such portions of the intercepted private communications, applications and orders or the evidence derived from them as the judge determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (h) If a motion under this Section is granted, the intercepted private communication, and evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence in an official proceeding, including a grand jury.
    (i) In addition to any other right of appeal, the People shall have the right to appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress if the official to whom the order authorizing the interception was granted certifies to the court that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay. The appeal shall otherwise be taken in accordance with the law.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-13)
    Sec. 108B-13. Reports concerning use of eavesdropping devices.
    (a) Within 30 days after the expiration of an order and each extension thereof authorizing an interception, or within 30 days after the denial of an application or disapproval of an application subsequent to any alleged emergency situation, the State's Attorney shall report to the Department of State Police the following:
        (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or
    
subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
        (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
        (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension
    
was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
        (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions
    
in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
        (5) the offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 which is
    
specified in the order or extension or in the denied application;
        (6) the identity of the applying electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
        (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the
    
place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which an interception occurred pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Department of State Police the following:
        (1) a general description of the uses of
    
eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overhear or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
        (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized
    
uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
        (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of
    
eavesdropping devices;
        (4) the number of motions to suppress made with
    
respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
        (5) the number of convictions resulting from such
    
uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    On or before March 1 of each year, the Director of the Department of State Police shall submit to the Governor a report of all intercepts as defined herein conducted pursuant to this Article and terminated during the preceding calendar year. Such report shall include:
        (1) the reports of State's Attorneys forwarded to the
    
Director as required in this Section;
        (2) the number of Department personnel authorized to
    
possess, install, or operate electronic, mechanical, or other devices;
        (3) the number of Department and other law
    
enforcement personnel who participated or engaged in the seizure of intercepts pursuant to this Article during the preceding calendar year;
        (4) the number of electronic criminal surveillance
    
officers trained by the Department;
        (5) the total cost to the Department of all
    
activities and procedures relating to the seizure of intercepts during the preceding calendar year, including costs of equipment, manpower, and expenses incurred as compensation for use of facilities or technical assistance provided to or by the Department; and
        (6) a summary of the use of eavesdropping devices
    
pursuant to orders of interception including (a) the frequency of use in each county, (b) the frequency of use for each crime enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, as amended, (c) the type and frequency of eavesdropping device use, and (d) the frequency of use by each police department or law enforcement agency of this State.
    (d) In April of each year, the Director of the Department of State Police and the Governor shall each transmit to the General Assembly reports including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, the convictions arising out of such uses, and a summary of the information required by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report with the Speaker, the Minority Leader and the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the President, the Minority Leader and the Secretary of the Senate and the Legislative Research Unit, as required by Section 3.1 of the General Assembly Organization Act, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203; 86-1226; 86-1475.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-14)
    Sec. 108B-14. Training.
    (a) The Director of the Illinois Department of State Police shall:
        (1) Establish a course of training in the legal,
    
practical, and technical aspects of the interception of private communications and related investigation and prosecution techniques;
        (2) Issue regulations as he finds necessary for the
    
training program;
        (3) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, set minimum standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interceptions, and to use the private communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings; and
        (4) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, revoke or suspend the certification of any electronic criminal surveillance officer who has violated any law relating to electronic criminal surveillance, or any of the guidelines established by the Department for conducting electronic criminal surveillance.
    (b) The Executive Director of the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board shall:
        (1) Pursuant to the Illinois Police Training Act,
    
review the course of training prescribed by the Department for the purpose of certification relating to reimbursement of expenses incurred by local law enforcement agencies participating in the electronic criminal surveillance officer training process, and
        (2) Assist the Department in establishing minimum
    
standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as being eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interpretations, and to use the communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. III

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. III heading)
TITLE III. PROCEEDINGS AFTER ARREST

725 ILCS 5/Art. 109

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 109 heading)
ARTICLE 109. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

725 ILCS 5/109-1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-1)
    Sec. 109-1. Person arrested.
    (a) A person arrested with or without a warrant shall be taken without unnecessary delay before the nearest and most accessible judge in that county, except when such county is a participant in a regional jail authority, in which event such person may be taken to the nearest and most accessible judge, irrespective of the county where such judge presides, and a charge shall be filed. Whenever a person arrested either with or without a warrant is required to be taken before a judge, a charge may be filed against such person by way of a two-way closed circuit television system, except that a hearing to deny bail to the defendant may not be conducted by way of closed circuit television.
    (b) The judge shall:
        (1) Inform the defendant of the charge against him
    
and shall provide him with a copy of the charge;
        (2) Advise the defendant of his right to counsel and
    
if indigent shall appoint a public defender or licensed attorney at law of this State to represent him in accordance with the provisions of Section 113-3 of this Code;
        (3) Schedule a preliminary hearing in appropriate
    
cases;
        (4) Admit the defendant to bail in accordance with
    
the provisions of Article 110 of this Code; and
        (5) Order the confiscation of the person's passport
    
or impose travel restrictions on a defendant arrested for first degree murder or other violent crime as defined in Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act, if the judge determines based on the factors in Section 110-5 of this Code, that this will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant and compliance by the defendant with all conditions of release.
    (c) The court may issue an order of protection in accordance with the provisions of Article 112A of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12; 98-143, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/109-1.1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-1.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-1.1)
    Sec. 109-1.1. (1) Whenever a person arrested either with or without a warrant is taken before a judge as provided for in Sections 107-9(d) (6) and 109-1(a), the judge shall ask the arrestee whether he or she has any children under 18 years old living with him or her who may be neglected as a result of the arrest, incarceration or otherwise. If the judge has reasonable cause to believe that a child may be a neglected child as defined in the Abused and Neglected Child Care Reporting Act, he shall instruct a probation officer to report it immediately to the Department of Children and Family Services as provided in that Act.
(Source: P.A. 82-228.)

725 ILCS 5/109-2

    (725 ILCS 5/109-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-2)
    Sec. 109-2. Person arrested in another county. (a) Any person arrested in a county other than the one in which a warrant for his arrest was issued shall be taken without unnecessary delay before the nearest and most accessible judge in the county where the arrest was made or, if no additional delay is created, before the nearest and most accessible judge in the county from which the warrant was issued. He shall be admitted to bail in the amount specified in the warrant or, for offenses other than felonies, in an amount as set by the judge, and such bail shall be conditioned on his appearing in the court issuing the warrant on a certain date. The judge may hold a hearing to determine if the defendant is the same person as named in the warrant.
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), any person arrested in a county other than the one in which a warrant for his arrest was issued, may waive the right to be taken before a judge in the county where the arrest was made. If a person so arrested waives such right, the arresting agency shall surrender such person to a law enforcement agency of the county that issued the warrant without unnecessary delay. The provisions of Section 109-1 shall then apply to the person so arrested.
(Source: P.A. 86-298.)

725 ILCS 5/109-3

    (725 ILCS 5/109-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-3)
    Sec. 109-3. Preliminary examination.)
    (a) The judge shall hold the defendant to answer to the court having jurisdiction of the offense if from the evidence it appears there is probable cause to believe an offense has been committed by the defendant, as provided in Section 109-3.1 of this Code, if the offense is a felony.
    (b) If the defendant waives preliminary examination the judge shall hold him to answer and may, or on the demand of the prosecuting attorney shall, cause the witnesses for the State to be examined. After hearing the testimony if it appears that there is not probable cause to believe the defendant guilty of any offense the judge shall discharge him.
    (c) During the examination of any witness or when the defendant is making a statement or testifying the judge may and on the request of the defendant or State shall exclude all other witnesses. He may also cause the witnesses to be kept separate and to be prevented from communicating with each other until all are examined.
    (d) If the defendant is held to answer the judge may require any material witness for the State or defendant to enter into a written undertaking to appear at the trial, and may provide for the forfeiture of a sum certain in the event the witness does not appear at the trial. Any witness who refuses to execute a recognizance may be committed by the judge to the custody of the sheriff until trial or further order of the court having jurisdiction of the cause. Any witness who executes a recognizance and fails to comply with its terms shall, in addition to any forfeiture provided in the recognizance, be subject to the penalty provided in Section 32-10 of the Criminal Code of 2012 for violation of bail bond.
    (e) During preliminary hearing or examination the defendant may move for an order of suppression of evidence pursuant to Section 114-11 or 114-12 of this Act or for other reasons, and may move for dismissal of the charge pursuant to Section 114-1 of this Act or for other reasons.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/109-3.1

    (725 ILCS 5/109-3.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 109-3.1)
    Sec. 109-3.1. Persons Charged with Felonies. (a) In any case involving a person charged with a felony in this State, alleged to have been committed on or after January 1, 1984, the provisions of this Section shall apply.
    (b) Every person in custody in this State for the alleged commission of a felony shall receive either a preliminary examination as provided in Section 109-3 or an indictment by Grand Jury as provided in Section 111-2, within 30 days from the date he or she was taken into custody. Every person on bail or recognizance for the alleged commission of a felony shall receive either a preliminary examination as provided in Section 109-3 or an indictment by Grand Jury as provided in Section 111-2, within 60 days from the date he or she was arrested.
The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the following situations:
    (1) when delay is occasioned by the defendant; or
    (2) when the defendant has been indicted by the Grand Jury on the felony offense for which he or she was initially taken into custody or on an offense arising from the same transaction or conduct of the defendant that was the basis for the felony offense or offenses initially charged; or
    (3) when a competency examination is ordered by the court; or
    (4) when a competency hearing is held; or
    (5) when an adjudication of incompetency for trial has been made; or
    (6) when the case has been continued by the court under Section 114-4 of this Code after a determination that the defendant is physically incompetent to stand trial.
    (c) Delay occasioned by the defendant shall temporarily suspend, for the time of the delay, the period within which the preliminary examination must be held. On the day of expiration of the delay the period in question shall continue at the point at which it was suspended.
(Source: P.A. 83-644.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 110

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 110 heading)
ARTICLE 110. BAIL

725 ILCS 5/110-1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-1)
    Sec. 110-1. Definitions. (a) "Security" is that which is required to be pledged to insure the payment of bail.
    (b) "Sureties" encompasses the monetary and nonmonetary requirements set by the court as conditions for release either before or after conviction. "Surety" is one who executes a bail bond and binds himself to pay the bail if the person in custody fails to comply with all conditions of the bail bond.
    (c) The phrase "for which a sentence of imprisonment, without conditional and revocable release, shall be imposed by law as a consequence of conviction" means an offense for which a sentence of imprisonment, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, is required by law upon conviction.
    (d) "Real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons", as used in this Article, includes a threat to the community, person, persons or class of persons.
(Source: P.A. 85-892.)

725 ILCS 5/110-2

    (725 ILCS 5/110-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-2)
    Sec. 110-2. Release on own recognizance. When from all the circumstances the court is of the opinion that the defendant will appear as required either before or after conviction and the defendant will not pose a danger to any person or the community and that the defendant will comply with all conditions of bond, which shall include the defendant's current address with a written admonishment to the defendant that he or she must comply with the provisions of Section 110-12 of this Code regarding any change in his or her address, the defendant may be released on his or her own recognizance. The defendant's address shall at all times remain a matter of public record with the clerk of the court. A failure to appear as required by such recognizance shall constitute an offense subject to the penalty provided in Section 32-10 of the Criminal Code of 2012 for violation of the bail bond, and any obligated sum fixed in the recognizance shall be forfeited and collected in accordance with subsection (g) of Section 110-7 of this Code.
    This Section shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purpose of relying upon contempt of court proceedings or criminal sanctions instead of financial loss to assure the appearance of the defendant, and that the defendant will not pose a danger to any person or the community and that the defendant will comply with all conditions of bond. Monetary bail should be set only when it is determined that no other conditions of release will reasonably assure the defendant's appearance in court, that the defendant does not present a danger to any person or the community and that the defendant will comply with all conditions of bond.
    The State may appeal any order permitting release by personal recognizance.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-3

    (725 ILCS 5/110-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-3)
    Sec. 110-3. Issuance of warrant. Upon failure to comply with any condition of a bail bond or recognizance the court having jurisdiction at the time of such failure may, in addition to any other action provided by law, issue a warrant for the arrest of the person at liberty on bail or his own recognizance. The contents of such a warrant shall be the same as required for an arrest warrant issued upon complaint. When a defendant is at liberty on bail or his own recognizance on a felony charge and fails to appear in court as directed, the court shall issue a warrant for the arrest of such person. Such warrant shall be noted with a directive to peace officers to arrest the person and hold such person without bail and to deliver such person before the court for further proceedings. A defendant who is arrested or surrenders within 30 days of the issuance of such warrant shall not be bailable in the case in question unless he shows by the preponderance of the evidence that his failure to appear was not intentional.
(Source: P.A. 86-298; 86-984; 86-1028.)

725 ILCS 5/110-4

    (725 ILCS 5/110-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-4)
    Sec. 110-4. Bailable Offenses.
    (a) All persons shall be bailable before conviction, except the following offenses where the proof is evident or the presumption great that the defendant is guilty of the offense: capital offenses; offenses for which a sentence of life imprisonment may be imposed as a consequence of conviction; felony offenses for which a sentence of imprisonment, without conditional and revocable release, shall be imposed by law as a consequence of conviction, where the court after a hearing, determines that the release of the defendant would pose a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons; stalking or aggravated stalking, where the court, after a hearing, determines that the release of the defendant would pose a real and present threat to the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense and denial of bail is necessary to prevent fulfillment of the threat upon which the charge is based; or unlawful use of weapons in violation of item (4) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 when that offense occurred in a school or in any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on any public way within 1,000 feet of real property comprising any school, where the court, after a hearing, determines that the release of the defendant would pose a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person and denial of bail is necessary to prevent fulfillment of that threat; or making a terrorist threat in violation of Section 29D-20 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or an attempt to commit the offense of making a terrorist threat, where the court, after a hearing, determines that the release of the defendant would pose a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person and denial of bail is necessary to prevent fulfillment of that threat.
    (b) A person seeking release on bail who is charged with a capital offense or an offense for which a sentence of life imprisonment may be imposed shall not be bailable until a hearing is held wherein such person has the burden of demonstrating that the proof of his guilt is not evident and the presumption is not great.
    (c) Where it is alleged that bail should be denied to a person upon the grounds that the person presents a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons, the burden of proof of such allegations shall be upon the State.
    (d) When it is alleged that bail should be denied to a person charged with stalking or aggravated stalking upon the grounds set forth in Section 110-6.3 of this Code, the burden of proof of those allegations shall be upon the State.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-5)
    Sec. 110-5. Determining the amount of bail and conditions of release.
    (a) In determining the amount of monetary bail or conditions of release, if any, which will reasonably assure the appearance of a defendant as required or the safety of any other person or the community and the likelihood of compliance by the defendant with all the conditions of bail, the court shall, on the basis of available information, take into account such matters as the nature and circumstances of the offense charged, whether the evidence shows that as part of the offense there was a use of violence or threatened use of violence, whether the offense involved corruption of public officials or employees, whether there was physical harm or threats of physical harm to any public official, public employee, judge, prosecutor, juror or witness, senior citizen, child or handicapped person, whether evidence shows that during the offense or during the arrest the defendant possessed or used a firearm, machine gun, explosive or metal piercing ammunition or explosive bomb device or any military or paramilitary armament, whether the evidence shows that the offense committed was related to or in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang or was motivated by the defendant's membership in or allegiance to an organized gang, the condition of the victim, any written statement submitted by the victim or proffer or representation by the State regarding the impact which the alleged criminal conduct has had on the victim and the victim's concern, if any, with further contact with the defendant if released on bail, whether the offense was based on racial, religious, sexual orientation or ethnic hatred, the likelihood of the filing of a greater charge, the likelihood of conviction, the sentence applicable upon conviction, the weight of the evidence against such defendant, whether there exists motivation or ability to flee, whether there is any verification as to prior residence, education, or family ties in the local jurisdiction, in another county, state or foreign country, the defendant's employment, financial resources, character and mental condition, past conduct, prior use of alias names or dates of birth, and length of residence in the community, the consent of the defendant to periodic drug testing in accordance with Section 110-6.5, whether a foreign national defendant is lawfully admitted in the United States of America, whether the government of the foreign national maintains an extradition treaty with the United States by which the foreign government will extradite to the United States its national for a trial for a crime allegedly committed in the United States, whether the defendant is currently subject to deportation or exclusion under the immigration laws of the United States, whether the defendant, although a United States citizen, is considered under the law of any foreign state a national of that state for the purposes of extradition or non-extradition to the United States, the amount of unrecovered proceeds lost as a result of the alleged offense, the source of bail funds tendered or sought to be tendered for bail, whether from the totality of the court's consideration, the loss of funds posted or sought to be posted for bail will not deter the defendant from flight, whether the evidence shows that the defendant is engaged in significant possession, manufacture, or delivery of a controlled substance or cannabis, either individually or in consort with others, whether at the time of the offense charged he or she was on bond or pre-trial release pending trial, probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge pursuant to this Code or the comparable Code of any other state or federal jurisdiction, whether the defendant is on bond or pre-trial release pending the imposition or execution of sentence or appeal of sentence for any offense under the laws of Illinois or any other state or federal jurisdiction, whether the defendant is under parole, aftercare release, mandatory supervised release, or work release from the Illinois Department of Corrections or Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice or any penal institution or corrections department of any state or federal jurisdiction, the defendant's record of convictions, whether the defendant has been convicted of a misdemeanor or ordinance offense in Illinois or similar offense in other state or federal jurisdiction within the 10 years preceding the current charge or convicted of a felony in Illinois, whether the defendant was convicted of an offense in another state or federal jurisdiction that would be a felony if committed in Illinois within the 20 years preceding the current charge or has been convicted of such felony and released from the penitentiary within 20 years preceding the current charge if a penitentiary sentence was imposed in Illinois or other state or federal jurisdiction, the defendant's records of juvenile adjudication of delinquency in any jurisdiction, any record of appearance or failure to appear by the defendant at court proceedings, whether there was flight to avoid arrest or prosecution, whether the defendant escaped or attempted to escape to avoid arrest, whether the defendant refused to identify himself or herself, or whether there was a refusal by the defendant to be fingerprinted as required by law. Information used by the court in its findings or stated in or offered in connection with this Section may be by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or defendant. All evidence shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at criminal trials. If the State presents evidence that the offense committed by the defendant was related to or in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang or was motivated by the defendant's membership in or allegiance to an organized gang, and if the court determines that the evidence may be substantiated, the court shall prohibit the defendant from associating with other members of the organized gang as a condition of bail or release. For the purposes of this Section, "organized gang" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
    (b) The amount of bail shall be:
        (1) Sufficient to assure compliance with the
    
conditions set forth in the bail bond, which shall include the defendant's current address with a written admonishment to the defendant that he or she must comply with the provisions of Section 110-12 regarding any change in his or her address. The defendant's address shall at all times remain a matter of public record with the clerk of the court.
        (2) Not oppressive.
        (3) Considerate of the financial ability of the
    
accused.
        (4) When a person is charged with a drug related
    
offense involving possession or delivery of cannabis or possession or delivery of a controlled substance as defined in the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, the full street value of the drugs seized shall be considered. "Street value" shall be determined by the court on the basis of a proffer by the State based upon reliable information of a law enforcement official contained in a written report as to the amount seized and such proffer may be used by the court as to the current street value of the smallest unit of the drug seized.
    (b-5) Upon the filing of a written request demonstrating reasonable cause, the State's Attorney may request a source of bail hearing either before or after the posting of any funds. If the hearing is granted, before the posting of any bail, the accused must file a written notice requesting that the court conduct a source of bail hearing. The notice must be accompanied by justifying affidavits stating the legitimate and lawful source of funds for bail. At the hearing, the court shall inquire into any matters stated in any justifying affidavits, and may also inquire into matters appropriate to the determination which shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
        (1) the background, character, reputation, and
    
relationship to the accused of any surety; and
        (2) the source of any money or property deposited by
    
any surety, and whether any such money or property constitutes the fruits of criminal or unlawful conduct; and
        (3) the source of any money posted as cash bail, and
    
whether any such money constitutes the fruits of criminal or unlawful conduct; and
        (4) the background, character, reputation, and
    
relationship to the accused of the person posting cash bail.
    Upon setting the hearing, the court shall examine, under oath, any persons who may possess material information.
    The State's Attorney has a right to attend the hearing, to call witnesses and to examine any witness in the proceeding. The court shall, upon request of the State's Attorney, continue the proceedings for a reasonable period to allow the State's Attorney to investigate the matter raised in any testimony or affidavit. If the hearing is granted after the accused has posted bail, the court shall conduct a hearing consistent with this subsection (b-5). At the conclusion of the hearing, the court must issue an order either approving of disapproving the bail.
    (c) When a person is charged with an offense punishable by fine only the amount of the bail shall not exceed double the amount of the maximum penalty.
    (d) When a person has been convicted of an offense and only a fine has been imposed the amount of the bail shall not exceed double the amount of the fine.
    (e) The State may appeal any order granting bail or setting a given amount for bail.
    (f) When a person is charged with a violation of an order of protection under Section 12-3.4 or 12-30 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012,
        (1) whether the alleged incident involved harassment
    
or abuse, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986;
        (2) whether the person has a history of domestic
    
violence, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act, or a history of other criminal acts;
        (3) based on the mental health of the person;
        (4) whether the person has a history of violating the
    
orders of any court or governmental entity;
        (5) whether the person has been, or is, potentially a
    
threat to any other person;
        (6) whether the person has access to deadly weapons
    
or a history of using deadly weapons;
        (7) whether the person has a history of abusing
    
alcohol or any controlled substance;
        (8) based on the severity of the alleged incident
    
that is the basis of the alleged offense, including, but not limited to, the duration of the current incident, and whether the alleged incident involved physical injury, sexual assault, strangulation, abuse during the alleged victim's pregnancy, abuse of pets, or forcible entry to gain access to the alleged victim;
        (9) whether a separation of the person from the
    
alleged victim or a termination of the relationship between the person and the alleged victim has recently occurred or is pending;
        (10) whether the person has exhibited obsessive or
    
controlling behaviors toward the alleged victim, including, but not limited to, stalking, surveillance, or isolation of the alleged victim or victim's family member or members;
        (11) whether the person has expressed suicidal or
    
homicidal ideations;
        (12) based on any information contained in the
    
complaint and any police reports, affidavits, or other documents accompanying the complaint,
the court may, in its discretion, order the respondent to undergo a risk assessment evaluation conducted by an Illinois Department of Human Services approved partner abuse intervention program provider, pretrial service, probation, or parole agency. These agencies shall have access to summaries of the defendant's criminal history, which shall not include victim interviews or information, for the risk evaluation. Based on the information collected from the 12 points to be considered at a bail hearing for a violation of an order of protection, the results of any risk evaluation conducted and the other circumstances of the violation, the court may order that the person, as a condition of bail, be placed under electronic surveillance as provided in Section 5-8A-7 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/110-5.1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-5.1)
    Sec. 110-5.1. Bail; certain persons charged with violent crimes against family or household members.
    (a) Subject to subsection (c), a person who is charged with a violent crime shall appear before the court for the setting of bail if the alleged victim was a family or household member at the time of the alleged offense, and if any of the following applies:
        (1) the person charged, at the time of the alleged
    
offense, was subject to the terms of an order of protection issued under Section 112A-14 of this Code or Section 214 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 or previously was convicted of a violation of an order of protection under Section 12-3.4 or 12-30 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or a violent crime if the victim was a family or household member at the time of the offense or a violation of a substantially similar municipal ordinance or law of this or any other state or the United States if the victim was a family or household member at the time of the offense;
        (2) the arresting officer indicates in a police
    
report or other document accompanying the complaint any of the following:
            (A) that the arresting officer observed on the
        
alleged victim objective manifestations of physical harm that the arresting officer reasonably believes are a result of the alleged offense;
            (B) that the arresting officer reasonably
        
believes that the person had on the person's person at the time of the alleged offense a deadly weapon;
            (C) that the arresting officer reasonably
        
believes that the person presents a credible threat of serious physical harm to the alleged victim or to any other person if released on bail before trial.
    (b) To the extent that information about any of the following is available to the court, the court shall consider all of the following, in addition to any other circumstances considered by the court, before setting bail for a person who appears before the court pursuant to subsection (a):
        (1) whether the person has a history of domestic
    
violence or a history of other violent acts;
        (2) the mental health of the person;
        (3) whether the person has a history of violating the
    
orders of any court or governmental entity;
        (4) whether the person is potentially a threat to any
    
other person;
        (5) whether the person has access to deadly weapons
    
or a history of using deadly weapons;
        (6) whether the person has a history of abusing
    
alcohol or any controlled substance;
        (7) the severity of the alleged violence that is the
    
basis of the alleged offense, including, but not limited to, the duration of the alleged violent incident, and whether the alleged violent incident involved serious physical injury, sexual assault, strangulation, abuse during the alleged victim's pregnancy, abuse of pets, or forcible entry to gain access to the alleged victim;
        (8) whether a separation of the person from the
    
alleged victim or a termination of the relationship between the person and the alleged victim has recently occurred or is pending;
        (9) whether the person has exhibited obsessive or
    
controlling behaviors toward the alleged victim, including, but not limited to, stalking, surveillance, or isolation of the alleged victim;
        (10) whether the person has expressed suicidal or
    
homicidal ideations;
        (11) any information contained in the complaint and
    
any police reports, affidavits, or other documents accompanying the complaint.
    (c) Upon the court's own motion or the motion of a party and upon any terms that the court may direct, a court may permit a person who is required to appear before it by subsection (a) to appear by video conferencing equipment. If, in the opinion of the court, the appearance in person or by video conferencing equipment of a person who is charged with a misdemeanor and who is required to appear before the court by subsection (a) is not practicable, the court may waive the appearance and release the person on bail on one or both of the following types of bail in an amount set by the court:
        (1) a bail bond secured by a deposit of 10% of the
    
amount of the bond in cash;
        (2) a surety bond, a bond secured by real estate or
    
securities as allowed by law, or the deposit of cash, at the option of the person.
    Subsection (a) does not create a right in a person to appear before the court for the setting of bail or prohibit a court from requiring any person charged with a violent crime who is not described in subsection (a) from appearing before the court for the setting of bail.
    (d) As used in this Section:
        (1) "Violent crime" has the meaning ascribed to it in
    
Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act.
        (2) "Family or household member" has the meaning
    
ascribed to it in Section 112A-3 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6)
    Sec. 110-6. (a) Upon verified application by the State or the defendant or on its own motion the court before which the proceeding is pending may increase or reduce the amount of bail or may alter the conditions of the bail bond or grant bail where it has been previously revoked or denied. If bail has been previously revoked pursuant to subsection (f) of this Section or if bail has been denied to the defendant pursuant to subsection (e) of Section 110-6.1 or subsection (e) of Section 110-6.3, the defendant shall be required to present a verified application setting forth in detail any new facts not known or obtainable at the time of the previous revocation or denial of bail proceedings. If the court grants bail where it has been previously revoked or denied, the court shall state on the record of the proceedings the findings of facts and conclusion of law upon which such order is based.
    (b) Violation of the conditions of Section 110-10 of this Code or any special conditions of bail as ordered by the court shall constitute grounds for the court to increase the amount of bail, or otherwise alter the conditions of bail, or, where the alleged offense committed on bail is a forcible felony in Illinois or a Class 2 or greater offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, revoke bail pursuant to the appropriate provisions of subsection (e) of this Section.
    (c) Reasonable notice of such application by the defendant shall be given to the State.
    (d) Reasonable notice of such application by the State shall be given to the defendant, except as provided in subsection (e).
    (e) Upon verified application by the State stating facts or circumstances constituting a violation or a threatened violation of any of the conditions of the bail bond the court may issue a warrant commanding any peace officer to bring the defendant without unnecessary delay before the court for a hearing on the matters set forth in the application. If the actual court before which the proceeding is pending is absent or otherwise unavailable another court may issue a warrant pursuant to this Section. When the defendant is charged with a felony offense and while free on bail is charged with a subsequent felony offense and is the subject of a proceeding set forth in Section 109-1 or 109-3 of this Code, upon the filing of a verified petition by the State alleging a violation of Section 110-10 (a) (4) of this Code, the court shall without prior notice to the defendant, grant leave to file such application and shall order the transfer of the defendant and the application without unnecessary delay to the court before which the previous felony matter is pending for a hearing as provided in subsection (b) or this subsection of this Section. The defendant shall be held without bond pending transfer to and a hearing before such court. At the conclusion of the hearing based on a violation of the conditions of Section 110-10 of this Code or any special conditions of bail as ordered by the court the court may enter an order increasing the amount of bail or alter the conditions of bail as deemed appropriate.
    (f) Where the alleged violation consists of the violation of one or more felony statutes of any jurisdiction which would be a forcible felony in Illinois or a Class 2 or greater offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act and the defendant is on bail for the alleged commission of a felony, or where the defendant is on bail for a felony domestic battery (enhanced pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 12-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012), aggravated domestic battery, aggravated battery, unlawful restraint, aggravated unlawful restraint or domestic battery in violation of item (1) of subsection (a) of Section 12-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 against a family or household member as defined in Section 112A-3 of this Code and the violation is an offense of domestic battery against the same victim the court shall, on the motion of the State or its own motion, revoke bail in accordance with the following provisions:
        (1) The court shall hold the defendant without bail
    
pending the hearing on the alleged breach; however, if the defendant is not admitted to bail the hearing shall be commenced within 10 days from the date the defendant is taken into custody or the defendant may not be held any longer without bail, unless delay is occasioned by the defendant. Where defendant occasions the delay, the running of the 10 day period is temporarily suspended and resumes at the termination of the period of delay. Where defendant occasions the delay with 5 or fewer days remaining in the 10 day period, the court may grant a period of up to 5 additional days to the State for good cause shown. The State, however, shall retain the right to proceed to hearing on the alleged violation at any time, upon reasonable notice to the defendant and the court.
        (2) At a hearing on the alleged violation the State
    
has the burden of going forward and proving the violation by clear and convincing evidence. The evidence shall be presented in open court with the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses in his behalf, and to cross-examine witnesses if any are called by the State, and representation by counsel and if the defendant is indigent to have counsel appointed for him. The rules of evidence applicable in criminal trials in this State shall not govern the admissibility of evidence at such hearing. Information used by the court in its findings or stated in or offered in connection with hearings for increase or revocation of bail may be by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or defendant. All evidence shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at criminal trials. A motion by the defendant to suppress evidence or to suppress a confession shall not be entertained at such a hearing. Evidence that proof may have been obtained as a result of an unlawful search and seizure or through improper interrogation is not relevant to this hearing.
        (3) Upon a finding by the court that the State has
    
established by clear and convincing evidence that the defendant has committed a forcible felony or a Class 2 or greater offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act while admitted to bail, or where the defendant is on bail for a felony domestic battery (enhanced pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 12-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012), aggravated domestic battery, aggravated battery, unlawful restraint, aggravated unlawful restraint or domestic battery in violation of item (1) of subsection (a) of Section 12-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 against a family or household member as defined in Section 112A-3 of this Code and the violation is an offense of domestic battery, against the same victim, the court shall revoke the bail of the defendant and hold the defendant for trial without bail. Neither the finding of the court nor any transcript or other record of the hearing shall be admissible in the State's case in chief, but shall be admissible for impeachment, or as provided in Section 115-10.1 of this Code or in a perjury proceeding.
        (4) If the bail of any defendant is revoked pursuant
    
to paragraph (f) (3) of this Section, the defendant may demand and shall be entitled to be brought to trial on the offense with respect to which he was formerly released on bail within 90 days after the date on which his bail was revoked. If the defendant is not brought to trial within the 90 day period required by the preceding sentence, he shall not be held longer without bail. In computing the 90 day period, the court shall omit any period of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the defendant.
        (5) If the defendant either is arrested on a warrant
    
issued pursuant to this Code or is arrested for an unrelated offense and it is subsequently discovered that the defendant is a subject of another warrant or warrants issued pursuant to this Code, the defendant shall be transferred promptly to the court which issued such warrant. If, however, the defendant appears initially before a court other than the court which issued such warrant, the non-issuing court shall not alter the amount of bail heretofore set on such warrant unless the court sets forth on the record of proceedings the conclusions of law and facts which are the basis for such altering of another court's bond. The non-issuing court shall not alter another courts bail set on a warrant unless the interests of justice and public safety are served by such action.
    (g) The State may appeal any order where the court has increased or reduced the amount of bail or altered the conditions of the bail bond or granted bail where it has previously been revoked.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.1

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.1)
    Sec. 110-6.1. Denial of bail in non-probationable felony offenses.
    (a) Upon verified petition by the State, the court shall hold a hearing to determine whether bail should be denied to a defendant who is charged with a felony offense for which a sentence of imprisonment, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, is required by law upon conviction, when it is alleged that the defendant's admission to bail poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons.
        (1) A petition may be filed without prior notice to
    
the defendant at the first appearance before a judge, or within the 21 calendar days, except as provided in Section 110-6, after arrest and release of the defendant upon reasonable notice to defendant; provided that while such petition is pending before the court, the defendant if previously released shall not be detained.
        (2) The hearing shall be held immediately upon the
    
defendant's appearance before the court, unless for good cause shown the defendant or the State seeks a continuance. A continuance on motion of the defendant may not exceed 5 calendar days, and a continuance on the motion of the State may not exceed 3 calendar days. The defendant may be held in custody during such continuance.
    (b) The court may deny bail to the defendant where, after the hearing, it is determined that:
        (1) the proof is evident or the presumption great
    
that the defendant has committed an offense for which a sentence of imprisonment, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, must be imposed by law as a consequence of conviction, and
        (2) the defendant poses a real and present threat to
    
the physical safety of any person or persons, by conduct which may include, but is not limited to, a forcible felony, the obstruction of justice, intimidation, injury, physical harm, an offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act which is a Class X felony, or an offense under the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act which is a Class X felony, and
        (3) the court finds that no condition or combination
    
of conditions set forth in subsection (b) of Section 110-10 of this Article, can reasonably assure the physical safety of any other person or persons.
    (c) Conduct of the hearings.
        (1) The hearing on the defendant's culpability and
    
dangerousness shall be conducted in accordance with the following provisions:
            (A) Information used by the court in its findings
        
or stated in or offered at such hearing may be by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or by defendant. Defendant has the right to be represented by counsel, and if he is indigent, to have counsel appointed for him. Defendant shall have the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses in his own behalf, and to cross-examine witnesses if any are called by the State. The defendant has the right to present witnesses in his favor. When the ends of justice so require, the court may exercises its discretion and compel the appearance of a complaining witness. The court shall state on the record reasons for granting a defense request to compel the presence of a complaining witness. Cross-examination of a complaining witness at the pretrial detention hearing for the purpose of impeaching the witness' credibility is insufficient reason to compel the presence of the witness. In deciding whether to compel the appearance of a complaining witness, the court shall be considerate of the emotional and physical well-being of the witness. The pre-trial detention hearing is not to be used for purposes of discovery, and the post arraignment rules of discovery do not apply. The State shall tender to the defendant, prior to the hearing, copies of defendant's criminal history, if any, if available, and any written or recorded statements and the substance of any oral statements made by any person, if relied upon by the State in its petition. The rules concerning the admissibility of evidence in criminal trials do not apply to the presentation and consideration of information at the hearing. At the trial concerning the offense for which the hearing was conducted neither the finding of the court nor any transcript or other record of the hearing shall be admissible in the State's case in chief, but shall be admissible for impeachment, or as provided in Section 115-10.1 of this Code, or in a perjury proceeding.
            (B) A motion by the defendant to suppress
        
evidence or to suppress a confession shall not be entertained. Evidence that proof may have been obtained as the result of an unlawful search and seizure or through improper interrogation is not relevant to this state of the prosecution.
        (2) The facts relied upon by the court to support a
    
finding that the defendant poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons shall be supported by clear and convincing evidence presented by the State.
    (d) Factors to be considered in making a determination of dangerousness. The court may, in determining whether the defendant poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons, consider but shall not be limited to evidence or testimony concerning:
        (1) The nature and circumstances of any offense
    
charged, including whether the offense is a crime of violence, involving a weapon.
        (2) The history and characteristics of the defendant
    
including:
            (A) Any evidence of the defendant's prior
        
criminal history indicative of violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior. Such evidence may include testimony or documents received in juvenile proceedings, criminal, quasi-criminal, civil commitment, domestic relations or other proceedings.
            (B) Any evidence of the defendant's
        
psychological, psychiatric or other similar social history which tends to indicate a violent, abusive, or assaultive nature, or lack of any such history.
        (3) The identity of any person or persons to whose
    
safety the defendant is believed to pose a threat, and the nature of the threat;
        (4) Any statements made by, or attributed to the
    
defendant, together with the circumstances surrounding them;
        (5) The age and physical condition of any person
    
assaulted by the defendant;
        (6) Whether the defendant is known to possess or have
    
access to any weapon or weapons;
        (7) Whether, at the time of the current offense or
    
any other offense or arrest, the defendant was on probation, parole, aftercare release, mandatory supervised release or other release from custody pending trial, sentencing, appeal or completion of sentence for an offense under federal or state law;
        (8) Any other factors, including those listed in
    
Section 110-5 of this Article deemed by the court to have a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior.
    (e) Detention order. The court shall, in any order for detention:
        (1) briefly summarize the evidence of the defendant's
    
culpability and its reasons for concluding that the defendant should be held without bail;
        (2) direct that the defendant be committed to the
    
custody of the sheriff for confinement in the county jail pending trial;
        (3) direct that the defendant be given a reasonable
    
opportunity for private consultation with counsel, and for communication with others of his choice by visitation, mail and telephone; and
        (4) direct that the sheriff deliver the defendant as
    
required for appearances in connection with court proceedings.
    (f) If the court enters an order for the detention of the defendant pursuant to subsection (e) of this Section, the defendant shall be brought to trial on the offense for which he is detained within 90 days after the date on which the order for detention was entered. If the defendant is not brought to trial within the 90 day period required by the preceding sentence, he shall not be held longer without bail. In computing the 90 day period, the court shall omit any period of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the defendant.
    (g) Rights of the defendant. Any person shall be entitled to appeal any order entered under this Section denying bail to the defendant.
    (h) The State may appeal any order entered under this Section denying any motion for denial of bail.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed as modifying or limiting in any way the defendant's presumption of innocence in further criminal proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.2

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.2) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.2)
    Sec. 110-6.2. Post-conviction Detention.
    (a) The court may order that a person who has been found guilty of an offense and who is waiting imposition or execution of sentence be held without bond unless the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger to any other person or the community if released under Sections 110-5 and 110-10 of this Act.
    (b) The court may order that person who has been found guilty of an offense and sentenced to a term of imprisonment be held without bond unless the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that:
        (1) the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger
    
to the safety of any other person or the community if released on bond pending appeal; and
        (2) that the appeal is not for purpose of delay and
    
raises a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in reversal or an order for a new trial.
(Source: P.A. 96-1200, eff. 7-22-10.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.3

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.3) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.3)
    Sec. 110-6.3. Denial of bail in stalking and aggravated stalking offenses.
    (a) Upon verified petition by the State, the court shall hold a hearing to determine whether bail should be denied to a defendant who is charged with stalking or aggravated stalking, when it is alleged that the defendant's admission to bail poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense, and denial of release on bail or personal recognizance is necessary to prevent fulfillment of the threat upon which the charge is based.
        (1) A petition may be filed without prior notice to
    
the defendant at the first appearance before a judge, or within 21 calendar days, except as provided in Section 110-6, after arrest and release of the defendant upon reasonable notice to defendant; provided that while the petition is pending before the court, the defendant if previously released shall not be detained.
        (2) The hearing shall be held immediately upon the
    
defendant's appearance before the court, unless for good cause shown the defendant or the State seeks a continuance. A continuance on motion of the defendant may not exceed 5 calendar days, and the defendant may be held in custody during the continuance. A continuance on the motion of the State may not exceed 3 calendar days; however, the defendant may be held in custody during the continuance under this provision if the defendant has been previously found to have violated an order of protection or has been previously convicted of, or granted court supervision for, any of the offenses set forth in Sections 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 12-2, 12-3.05, 12-3.2, 12-3.3, 12-4, 12-4.1, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15 or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, against the same person as the alleged victim of the stalking or aggravated stalking offense.
    (b) The court may deny bail to the defendant when, after the hearing, it is determined that:
        (1) the proof is evident or the presumption great
    
that the defendant has committed the offense of stalking or aggravated stalking; and
        (2) the defendant poses a real and present threat to
    
the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense; and
        (3) the denial of release on bail or personal
    
recognizance is necessary to prevent fulfillment of the threat upon which the charge is based; and
        (4) the court finds that no condition or combination
    
of conditions set forth in subsection (b) of Section 110-10 of this Code, including mental health treatment at a community mental health center, hospital, or facility of the Department of Human Services, can reasonably assure the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense.
    (c) Conduct of the hearings.
        (1) The hearing on the defendant's culpability and
    
threat to the alleged victim of the offense shall be conducted in accordance with the following provisions:
            (A) Information used by the court in its findings
        
or stated in or offered at the hearing may be by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or by defendant. Defendant has the right to be represented by counsel, and if he is indigent, to have counsel appointed for him. Defendant shall have the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses in his own behalf, and to cross-examine witnesses if any are called by the State. The defendant has the right to present witnesses in his favor. When the ends of justice so require, the court may exercise its discretion and compel the appearance of a complaining witness. The court shall state on the record reasons for granting a defense request to compel the presence of a complaining witness. Cross-examination of a complaining witness at the pretrial detention hearing for the purpose of impeaching the witness' credibility is insufficient reason to compel the presence of the witness. In deciding whether to compel the appearance of a complaining witness, the court shall be considerate of the emotional and physical well-being of the witness. The pretrial detention hearing is not to be used for the purposes of discovery, and the post arraignment rules of discovery do not apply. The State shall tender to the defendant, prior to the hearing, copies of defendant's criminal history, if any, if available, and any written or recorded statements and the substance of any oral statements made by any person, if relied upon by the State. The rules concerning the admissibility of evidence in criminal trials do not apply to the presentation and consideration of information at the hearing. At the trial concerning the offense for which the hearing was conducted neither the finding of the court nor any transcript or other record of the hearing shall be admissible in the State's case in chief, but shall be admissible for impeachment, or as provided in Section 115-10.1 of this Code, or in a perjury proceeding.
            (B) A motion by the defendant to suppress
        
evidence or to suppress a confession shall not be entertained. Evidence that proof may have been obtained as the result of an unlawful search and seizure or through improper interrogation is not relevant to this state of the prosecution.
        (2) The facts relied upon by the court to support a
    
finding that:
            (A) the defendant poses a real and present threat
        
to the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense; and
            (B) the denial of release on bail or personal
        
recognizance is necessary to prevent fulfillment of the threat upon which the charge is based;
    shall be supported by clear and convincing evidence
    
presented by the State.
    (d) Factors to be considered in making a determination of the threat to the alleged victim of the offense. The court may, in determining whether the defendant poses, at the time of the hearing, a real and present threat to the physical safety of the alleged victim of the offense, consider but shall not be limited to evidence or testimony concerning:
        (1) The nature and circumstances of the offense
    
charged;
        (2) The history and characteristics of the defendant
    
including:
            (A) Any evidence of the defendant's prior
        
criminal history indicative of violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of that behavior. The evidence may include testimony or documents received in juvenile proceedings, criminal, quasi-criminal, civil commitment, domestic relations or other proceedings;
            (B) Any evidence of the defendant's
        
psychological, psychiatric or other similar social history that tends to indicate a violent, abusive, or assaultive nature, or lack of any such history.
        (3) The nature of the threat which is the basis of
    
the charge against the defendant;
        (4) Any statements made by, or attributed to the
    
defendant, together with the circumstances surrounding them;
        (5) The age and physical condition of any person
    
assaulted by the defendant;
        (6) Whether the defendant is known to possess or have
    
access to any weapon or weapons;
        (7) Whether, at the time of the current offense or
    
any other offense or arrest, the defendant was on probation, parole, aftercare release, mandatory supervised release or other release from custody pending trial, sentencing, appeal or completion of sentence for an offense under federal or state law;
        (8) Any other factors, including those listed in
    
Section 110-5 of this Code, deemed by the court to have a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of that behavior.
    (e) The court shall, in any order denying bail to a person charged with stalking or aggravated stalking:
        (1) briefly summarize the evidence of the defendant's
    
culpability and its reasons for concluding that the defendant should be held without bail;
        (2) direct that the defendant be committed to the
    
custody of the sheriff for confinement in the county jail pending trial;
        (3) direct that the defendant be given a reasonable
    
opportunity for private consultation with counsel, and for communication with others of his choice by visitation, mail and telephone; and
        (4) direct that the sheriff deliver the defendant as
    
required for appearances in connection with court proceedings.
    (f) If the court enters an order for the detention of the defendant under subsection (e) of this Section, the defendant shall be brought to trial on the offense for which he is detained within 90 days after the date on which the order for detention was entered. If the defendant is not brought to trial within the 90 day period required by this subsection (f), he shall not be held longer without bail. In computing the 90 day period, the court shall omit any period of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the defendant. The court shall immediately notify the alleged victim of the offense that the defendant has been admitted to bail under this subsection.
    (g) Any person shall be entitled to appeal any order entered under this Section denying bail to the defendant.
    (h) The State may appeal any order entered under this Section denying any motion for denial of bail.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed as modifying or limiting in any way the defendant's presumption of innocence in further criminal proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/110-6.5

    (725 ILCS 5/110-6.5)
    Sec. 110-6.5. Drug testing program. The Chief Judge of the circuit may establish a drug testing program as provided by this Section in any county in the circuit if the county board has approved the establishment of the program and the county probation department or pretrial services agency has consented to administer it. The drug testing program shall be conducted under the following provisions:
    (a) The court, in the case of a defendant charged with a felony offense or any offense involving the possession or delivery of cannabis or a controlled substance, shall:
        (1) not consider the release of the defendant on his
    
or her own recognizance, unless the defendant consents to periodic drug testing during the period of release on his or her own recognizance, in accordance with this Section;
        (2) consider the consent of the defendant to periodic
    
drug testing during the period of release on bail in accordance with this Section as a favorable factor for the defendant in determining the amount of bail, the conditions of release or in considering the defendant's motion to reduce the amount of bail.
    (b) The drug testing shall be conducted by the pretrial services agency or under the direction of the probation department when a pretrial services agency does not exist in accordance with this Section.
    (c) A defendant who consents to periodic drug testing as set forth in this Section shall sign an agreement with the court that, during the period of release, the defendant shall refrain from using illegal drugs and that the defendant will comply with the conditions of the testing program. The agreement shall be on a form prescribed by the court and shall be executed at the time of the bail hearing. This agreement shall be made a specific condition of bail.
    (d) The drug testing program shall be conducted as follows:
        (1) The testing shall be done by urinalysis for the
    
detection of phencyclidine, heroin, cocaine, methadone and amphetamines.
        (2) The collection of samples shall be performed
    
under reasonable and sanitary conditions.
        (3) Samples shall be collected and tested with due
    
regard for the privacy of the individual being tested and in a manner reasonably calculated to prevent substitutions or interference with the collection or testing of reliable samples.
        (4) Sample collection shall be documented, and the
    
documentation procedures shall include:
            (i) Labeling of samples so as to reasonably
        
preclude the probability of erroneous identification of test results; and
            (ii) An opportunity for the defendant to provide
        
information on the identification of prescription or nonprescription drugs used in connection with a medical condition.
        (5) Sample collection, storage, and transportation to
    
the place of testing shall be performed so as to reasonably preclude the probability of sample contamination or adulteration.
        (6) Sample testing shall conform to scientifically
    
accepted analytical methods and procedures. Testing shall include verification or confirmation of any positive test result by a reliable analytical method before the result of any test may be used as a basis for any action by the court.
    (e) The initial sample shall be collected before the defendant's release on bail. Thereafter, the defendant shall report to the pretrial services agency or probation department as required by the agency or department. The pretrial services agency or probation department shall immediately notify the court of any defendant who fails to report for testing.
    (f) After the initial test, a subsequent confirmed positive test result indicative of continued drug use shall result in the following:
        (1) Upon the first confirmed positive test result,
    
the pretrial services agency or probation department, shall place the defendant on a more frequent testing schedule and shall warn the defendant of the consequences of continued drug use.
        (2) A second confirmed positive test result shall be
    
grounds for a hearing before the judge who authorized the release of the defendant in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g) of this Section.
    (g) The court shall, upon motion of the State or upon its own motion, conduct a hearing in connection with any defendant who fails to appear for testing, fails to cooperate with the persons conducting the testing program, attempts to submit a sample not his or her own or has had a confirmed positive test result indicative of continued drug use for the second or subsequent time after the initial test. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures of Section 110-6.
    Upon a finding by the court that the State has established by clear and convincing evidence that the defendant has violated the drug testing conditions of bail, the court may consider any of the following sanctions:
        (1) increase the amount of the defendant's bail or
    
conditions of release;
        (2) impose a jail sentence of up to 5 days;
        (3) revoke the defendant's bail; or
        (4) enter such other orders which are within the
    
power of the court as deemed appropriate.
    (h) The results of any drug testing conducted under this Section shall not be admissible on the issue of the defendant's guilt in connection with any criminal charge.
    (i) The court may require that the defendant pay for the cost of drug testing.
(Source: P.A. 88-677, eff. 12-15-94.)

725 ILCS 5/110-7

    (725 ILCS 5/110-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-7)
    Sec. 110-7. Deposit of Bail Security.
    (a) The person for whom bail has been set shall execute the bail bond and deposit with the clerk of the court before which the proceeding is pending a sum of money equal to 10% of the bail, but in no event shall such deposit be less than $25. The clerk of the court shall provide a space on each form for a person other than the accused who has provided the money for the posting of bail to so indicate and a space signed by an accused who has executed the bail bond indicating whether a person other than the accused has provided the money for the posting of bail. The form shall also include a written notice to such person who has provided the defendant with the money for the posting of bail indicating that the bail may be used to pay costs, attorney's fees, fines, or other purposes authorized by the court and if the defendant fails to comply with the conditions of the bail bond, the court shall enter an order declaring the bail to be forfeited. The written notice must be: (1) distinguishable from the surrounding text; (2) in bold type or underscored; and (3) in a type size at least 2 points larger than the surrounding type. When a person for whom bail has been set is charged with an offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act which is a Class X felony, or making a terrorist threat in violation of Section 29D-20 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or an attempt to commit the offense of making a terrorist threat, the court may require the defendant to deposit a sum equal to 100% of the bail. Where any person is charged with a forcible felony while free on bail and is the subject of proceedings under Section 109-3 of this Code the judge conducting the preliminary examination may also conduct a hearing upon the application of the State pursuant to the provisions of Section 110-6 of this Code to increase or revoke the bail for that person's prior alleged offense.
    (b) Upon depositing this sum and any bond fee authorized by law, the person shall be released from custody subject to the conditions of the bail bond.
    (c) Once bail has been given and a charge is pending or is thereafter filed in or transferred to a court of competent jurisdiction the latter court shall continue the original bail in that court subject to the provisions of Section 110-6 of this Code.
    (d) After conviction the court may order that the original bail stand as bail pending appeal or deny, increase or reduce bail subject to the provisions of Section 110-6.2.
    (e) After the entry of an order by the trial court allowing or denying bail pending appeal either party may apply to the reviewing court having jurisdiction or to a justice thereof sitting in vacation for an order increasing or decreasing the amount of bail or allowing or denying bail pending appeal subject to the provisions of Section 110-6.2.
    (f) When the conditions of the bail bond have been performed and the accused has been discharged from all obligations in the cause the clerk of the court shall return to the accused or to the defendant's designee by an assignment executed at the time the bail amount is deposited, unless the court orders otherwise, 90% of the sum which had been deposited and shall retain as bail bond costs 10% of the amount deposited. However, in no event shall the amount retained by the clerk as bail bond costs be less than $5. Bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case may be used, in the court's discretion, to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant incurred in a different case due to a fine, court costs, restitution or fees of the defendant's attorney of record. In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, the court shall not order bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case to be used to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant in a different case until the bail bond is first used to satisfy court costs and attorney's fees in the case in which the bail bond has been deposited and any other unpaid child support obligations are satisfied. In counties with a population of less than 3,000,000, the court shall not order bail bond deposited by or on behalf of a defendant in one case to be used to satisfy financial obligations of that same defendant in a different case until the bail bond is first used to satisfy court costs in the case in which the bail bond has been deposited.
    At the request of the defendant the court may order such 90% of defendant's bail deposit, or whatever amount is repayable to defendant from such deposit, to be paid to defendant's attorney of record.
    (g) If the accused does not comply with the conditions of the bail bond the court having jurisdiction shall enter an order declaring the bail to be forfeited. Notice of such order of forfeiture shall be mailed forthwith to the accused at his last known address. If the accused does not appear and surrender to the court having jurisdiction within 30 days from the date of the forfeiture or within such period satisfy the court that appearance and surrender by the accused is impossible and without his fault the court shall enter judgment for the State if the charge for which the bond was given was a felony or misdemeanor, or if the charge was quasi-criminal or traffic, judgment for the political subdivision of the State which prosecuted the case, against the accused for the amount of the bail and costs of the court proceedings; however, in counties with a population of less than 3,000,000, instead of the court entering a judgment for the full amount of the bond the court may, in its discretion, enter judgment for the cash deposit on the bond, less costs, retain the deposit for further disposition or, if a cash bond was posted for failure to appear in a matter involving enforcement of child support or maintenance, the amount of the cash deposit on the bond, less outstanding costs, may be awarded to the person or entity to whom the child support or maintenance is due. The deposit made in accordance with paragraph (a) shall be applied to the payment of costs. If judgment is entered and any amount of such deposit remains after the payment of costs it shall be applied to payment of the judgment and transferred to the treasury of the municipal corporation wherein the bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal ordinance of a political subdivision of this State, or to the treasury of the county wherein the bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal statute of this State. The balance of the judgment may be enforced and collected in the same manner as a judgment entered in a civil action.
    (h) After a judgment for a fine and court costs or either is entered in the prosecution of a cause in which a deposit had been made in accordance with paragraph (a) the balance of such deposit, after deduction of bail bond costs, shall be applied to the payment of the judgment.
    (i) When a court appearance is required for an alleged violation of the Criminal Code of 1961, the Criminal Code of 2012, the Illinois Vehicle Code, the Wildlife Code, the Fish and Aquatic Life Code, the Child Passenger Protection Act, or a comparable offense of a unit of local government as specified in Supreme Court Rule 551, and if the accused does not appear in court on the date set for appearance or any date to which the case may be continued and the court issues an arrest warrant for the accused, based upon his or her failure to appear when having so previously been ordered to appear by the court, the accused upon his or her admission to bail shall be assessed by the court a fee of $75. Payment of the fee shall be a condition of release unless otherwise ordered by the court. The fee shall be in addition to any bail that the accused is required to deposit for the offense for which the accused has been charged and may not be used for the payment of court costs or fines assessed for the offense. The clerk of the court shall remit $70 of the fee assessed to the arresting agency who brings the offender in on the arrest warrant. If the Department of State Police is the arresting agency, $70 of the fee assessed shall be remitted by the clerk of the court to the State Treasurer within one month after receipt for deposit into the State Police Operations Assistance Fund. The clerk of the court shall remit $5 of the fee assessed to the Circuit Court Clerk Operation and Administrative Fund as provided in Section 27.3d of the Clerks of Courts Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1431, eff. 1-1-11; 97-175, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-8

    (725 ILCS 5/110-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-8)
    Sec. 110-8. Cash, stocks, bonds and real estate as security for bail.
    (a) In lieu of the bail deposit provided for in Section 110-7 of this Code any person for whom bail has been set may execute the bail bond with or without sureties which bond may be secured:
    (1) By a deposit, with the clerk of the court, of an amount equal to the required bail, of cash, or stocks and bonds in which trustees are authorized to invest trust funds under the laws of this State; or
    (2) By real estate situated in this State with unencumbered equity not exempt owned by the accused or sureties worth double the amount of bail set in the bond.
    (b) If the bail bond is secured by stocks and bonds the accused or sureties shall file with the bond a sworn schedule which shall be approved by the court and shall contain:
        (1) A list of the stocks and bonds deposited
    
describing each in sufficient detail that it may be identified;
        (2) The market value of each stock and bond;
        (3) The total market value of the stocks and bonds
    
listed;
        (4) A statement that the affiant is the sole owner of
    
the stocks and bonds listed and they are not exempt from the enforcement of a judgment thereon;
        (5) A statement that such stocks and bonds have not
    
previously been used or accepted as bail in this State during the 12 months preceding the date of the bail bond; and
        (6) A statement that such stocks and bonds are
    
security for the appearance of the accused in accordance with the conditions of the bail bond.
    (c) If the bail bond is secured by real estate the accused or sureties shall file with the bond a sworn schedule which shall contain:
        (1) A legal description of the real estate;
        (2) A description of any and all encumbrances on the
    
real estate including the amount of each and the holder thereof;
        (3) The market value of the unencumbered equity owned
    
by the affiant;
        (4) A statement that the affiant is the sole owner of
    
such unencumbered equity and that it is not exempt from the enforcement of a judgment thereon;
        (5) A statement that the real estate has not
    
previously been used or accepted as bail in this State during the 12 months preceding the date of the bail bond; and
        (6) A statement that the real estate is security for
    
the appearance of the accused in accordance with the conditions of the bail bond.
    (d) The sworn schedule shall constitute a material part of the bail bond. The affiant commits perjury if in the sworn schedule he makes a false statement which he does not believe to be true. He shall be prosecuted and punished accordingly, or, he may be punished for contempt.
    (e) A certified copy of the bail bond and schedule of real estate shall be filed immediately in the office of the registrar of titles or recorder of the county in which the real estate is situated and the State shall have a lien on such real estate from the time such copies are filed in the office of the registrar of titles or recorder. The registrar of titles or recorder shall enter, index and record (or register as the case may be) such bail bonds and schedules without requiring any advance fee, which fee shall be taxed as costs in the proceeding and paid out of such costs when collected.
    (f) When the conditions of the bail bond have been performed and the accused has been discharged from his obligations in the cause, the clerk of the court shall return to him or his sureties the deposit of any cash, stocks or bonds. If the bail bond has been secured by real estate the clerk of the court shall forthwith notify in writing the registrar of titles or recorder and the lien of the bail bond on the real estate shall be discharged.
    (g) If the accused does not comply with the conditions of the bail bond the court having jurisdiction shall enter an order declaring the bail to be forfeited. Notice of such order of forfeiture shall be mailed forthwith by the clerk of the court to the accused and his sureties at their last known address. If the accused does not appear and surrender to the court having jurisdiction within 30 days from the date of the forfeiture or within such period satisfy the court that appearance and surrender by the accused is impossible and without his fault the court shall enter judgment for the State against the accused and his sureties for the amount of the bail and costs of the proceedings; however, in counties with a population of less than 3,000,000, if the defendant has posted a cash bond, instead of the court entering a judgment for the full amount of the bond the court may, in its discretion, enter judgment for the cash deposit on the bond, less costs, retain the deposit for further disposition or, if a cash bond was posted for failure to appear in a matter involving enforcement of child support or maintenance, the amount of the cash deposit on the bond, less outstanding costs, may be awarded to the person or entity to whom the child support or maintenance is due.
    (h) When judgment is entered in favor of the State on any bail bond given for a felony or misdemeanor, or judgement for a political subdivision of the state on any bail bond given for a quasi-criminal or traffic offense, the State's Attorney or political subdivision's attorney shall forthwith obtain a certified copy of the judgment and deliver same to the sheriff to be enforced by levy on the stocks or bonds deposited with the clerk of the court and the real estate described in the bail bond schedule. Any cash forfeited under subsection (g) of this Section shall be used to satisfy the judgment and costs and, without necessity of levy, ordered paid into the treasury of the municipal corporation wherein the bail bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal ordinance of a political subdivision of this State, or into the treasury of the county wherein the bail bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal statute of this State, or to the person or entity to whom child support or maintenance is owed if the bond was taken for failure to appear in a matter involving child support or maintenance. The stocks, bonds and real estate shall be sold in the same manner as in sales for the enforcement of a judgment in civil actions and the proceeds of such sale shall be used to satisfy all court costs, prior encumbrances, if any, and from the balance a sufficient amount to satisfy the judgment shall be paid into the treasury of the municipal corporation wherein the bail bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal ordinance of a political subdivision of this State, or into the treasury of the county wherein the bail bond was taken if the offense was a violation of any penal statute of this State. The balance shall be returned to the owner. The real estate so sold may be redeemed in the same manner as real estate may be redeemed after judicial sales or sales for the enforcement of judgments in civil actions.
    (i) No stocks, bonds or real estate may be used or accepted as bail bond security in this State more than once in any 12 month period.
(Source: P.A. 89-469, eff. 1-1-97.)

725 ILCS 5/110-9

    (725 ILCS 5/110-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-9)
    Sec. 110-9. Taking of bail by peace officer. When bail has been set by a judicial officer for a particular offense or offender any sheriff or other peace officer may take bail in accordance with the provisions of Section 110-7 or 110-8 of this Code and release the offender to appear in accordance with the conditions of the bail bond, the Notice to Appear or the Summons. The officer shall give a receipt to the offender for the bail so taken and within a reasonable time deposit such bail with the clerk of the court having jurisdiction of the offense.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/110-10

    (725 ILCS 5/110-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-10)
    Sec. 110-10. Conditions of bail bond.
    (a) If a person is released prior to conviction, either upon payment of bail security or on his or her own recognizance, the conditions of the bail bond shall be that he or she will:
        (1) Appear to answer the charge in the court having
    
jurisdiction on a day certain and thereafter as ordered by the court until discharged or final order of the court;
        (2) Submit himself or herself to the orders and
    
process of the court;
        (3) Not depart this State without leave of the court;
        (4) Not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (5) At a time and place designated by the court,
    
surrender all firearms in his or her possession to a law enforcement officer designated by the court to take custody of and impound the firearms and physically surrender his or her Firearm Owner's Identification Card to the clerk of the circuit court when the offense the person has been charged with is a forcible felony, stalking, aggravated stalking, domestic battery, any violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or the Cannabis Control Act that is classified as a Class 2 or greater felony, or any felony violation of Article 24 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; the court may, however, forgo the imposition of this condition when the circumstances of the case clearly do not warrant it or when its imposition would be impractical; if the Firearm Owner's Identification Card is confiscated, the clerk of the circuit court shall mail the confiscated card to the Illinois State Police; all legally possessed firearms shall be returned to the person upon the charges being dismissed, or if the person is found not guilty, unless the finding of not guilty is by reason of insanity; and
        (6) At a time and place designated by the court,
    
submit to a psychological evaluation when the person has been charged with a violation of item (4) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and that violation occurred in a school or in any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on any public way within 1,000 feet of real property comprising any school.
    Psychological evaluations ordered pursuant to this Section shall be completed promptly and made available to the State, the defendant, and the court. As a further condition of bail under these circumstances, the court shall order the defendant to refrain from entering upon the property of the school, including any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on any public way within 1,000 feet of real property comprising any school. Upon receipt of the psychological evaluation, either the State or the defendant may request a change in the conditions of bail, pursuant to Section 110-6 of this Code. The court may change the conditions of bail to include a requirement that the defendant follow the recommendations of the psychological evaluation, including undergoing psychiatric treatment. The conclusions of the psychological evaluation and any statements elicited from the defendant during its administration are not admissible as evidence of guilt during the course of any trial on the charged offense, unless the defendant places his or her mental competency in issue.
    (b) The court may impose other conditions, such as the following, if the court finds that such conditions are reasonably necessary to assure the defendant's appearance in court, protect the public from the defendant, or prevent the defendant's unlawful interference with the orderly administration of justice:
        (1) Report to or appear in person before such person
    
or agency as the court may direct;
        (2) Refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon;
        (3) Refrain from approaching or communicating with
    
particular persons or classes of persons;
        (4) Refrain from going to certain described
    
geographical areas or premises;
        (5) Refrain from engaging in certain activities or
    
indulging in intoxicating liquors or in certain drugs;
        (6) Undergo treatment for drug addiction or
    
alcoholism;
        (7) Undergo medical or psychiatric treatment;
        (8) Work or pursue a course of study or vocational
    
training;
        (9) Attend or reside in a facility designated by the
    
court;
        (10) Support his or her dependents;
        (11) If a minor resides with his or her parents or in
    
a foster home, attend school, attend a non-residential program for youths, and contribute to his or her own support at home or in a foster home;
        (12) Observe any curfew ordered by the court;
        (13) Remain in the custody of such designated person
    
or organization agreeing to supervise his release. Such third party custodian shall be responsible for notifying the court if the defendant fails to observe the conditions of release which the custodian has agreed to monitor, and shall be subject to contempt of court for failure so to notify the court;
        (14) Be placed under direct supervision of the
    
Pretrial Services Agency, Probation Department or Court Services Department in a pretrial bond home supervision capacity with or without the use of an approved electronic monitoring device subject to Article 8A of Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections;
        (14.1) The court shall impose upon a defendant who is
    
charged with any alcohol, cannabis, methamphetamine, or controlled substance violation and is placed under direct supervision of the Pretrial Services Agency, Probation Department or Court Services Department in a pretrial bond home supervision capacity with the use of an approved monitoring device, as a condition of such bail bond, a fee that represents costs incidental to the electronic monitoring for each day of such bail supervision ordered by the court, unless after determining the inability of the defendant to pay the fee, the court assesses a lesser fee or no fee as the case may be. The fee shall be collected by the clerk of the circuit court. The clerk of the circuit court shall pay all monies collected from this fee to the county treasurer for deposit in the substance abuse services fund under Section 5-1086.1 of the Counties Code;
        (14.2) The court shall impose upon all defendants,
    
including those defendants subject to paragraph (14.1) above, placed under direct supervision of the Pretrial Services Agency, Probation Department or Court Services Department in a pretrial bond home supervision capacity with the use of an approved monitoring device, as a condition of such bail bond, a fee which shall represent costs incidental to such electronic monitoring for each day of such bail supervision ordered by the court, unless after determining the inability of the defendant to pay the fee, the court assesses a lesser fee or no fee as the case may be. The fee shall be collected by the clerk of the circuit court. The clerk of the circuit court shall pay all monies collected from this fee to the county treasurer who shall use the monies collected to defray the costs of corrections. The county treasurer shall deposit the fee collected in the county working cash fund under Section 6-27001 or Section 6-29002 of the Counties Code, as the case may be;
        (14.3) The Chief Judge of the Judicial Circuit may
    
establish reasonable fees to be paid by a person receiving pretrial services while under supervision of a pretrial services agency, probation department, or court services department. Reasonable fees may be charged for pretrial services including, but not limited to, pretrial supervision, diversion programs, electronic monitoring, victim impact services, drug and alcohol testing, DNA testing, GPS electronic monitoring, assessments and evaluations related to domestic violence and other victims, and victim mediation services. The person receiving pretrial services may be ordered to pay all costs incidental to pretrial services in accordance with his or her ability to pay those costs;
        (14.4) For persons charged with violating Section
    
11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, refrain from operating a motor vehicle not equipped with an ignition interlock device, as defined in Section 1-129.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, pursuant to the rules promulgated by the Secretary of State for the installation of ignition interlock devices. Under this condition the court may allow a defendant who is not self-employed to operate a vehicle owned by the defendant's employer that is not equipped with an ignition interlock device in the course and scope of the defendant's employment;
        (15) Comply with the terms and conditions of an order
    
of protection issued by the court under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 or an order of protection issued by the court of another state, tribe, or United States territory;
        (16) Under Section 110-6.5 comply with the conditions
    
of the drug testing program; and
        (17) Such other reasonable conditions as the court
    
may impose.
    (c) When a person is charged with an offense under Section 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15 or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, involving a victim who is a minor under 18 years of age living in the same household with the defendant at the time of the offense, in granting bail or releasing the defendant on his own recognizance, the judge shall impose conditions to restrict the defendant's access to the victim which may include, but are not limited to conditions that he will:
        1. Vacate the Household.
        2. Make payment of temporary support to his
    
dependents.
        3. Refrain from contact or communication with the
    
child victim, except as ordered by the court.
    (d) When a person is charged with a criminal offense and the victim is a family or household member as defined in Article 112A, conditions shall be imposed at the time of the defendant's release on bond that restrict the defendant's access to the victim. Unless provided otherwise by the court, the restrictions shall include requirements that the defendant do the following:
        (1) refrain from contact or communication with the
    
victim for a minimum period of 72 hours following the defendant's release; and
        (2) refrain from entering or remaining at the
    
victim's residence for a minimum period of 72 hours following the defendant's release.
    (e) Local law enforcement agencies shall develop standardized bond forms for use in cases involving family or household members as defined in Article 112A, including specific conditions of bond as provided in subsection (d). Failure of any law enforcement department to develop or use those forms shall in no way limit the applicability and enforcement of subsections (d) and (f).
    (f) If the defendant is admitted to bail after conviction the conditions of the bail bond shall be that he will, in addition to the conditions set forth in subsections (a) and (b) hereof:
        (1) Duly prosecute his appeal;
        (2) Appear at such time and place as the court may
    
direct;
        (3) Not depart this State without leave of the court;
        (4) Comply with such other reasonable conditions as
    
the court may impose; and
        (5) If the judgment is affirmed or the cause reversed
    
and remanded for a new trial, forthwith surrender to the officer from whose custody he was bailed.
    (g) Upon a finding of guilty for any felony offense, the defendant shall physically surrender, at a time and place designated by the court, any and all firearms in his or her possession and his or her Firearm Owner's Identification Card as a condition of remaining on bond pending sentencing.
(Source: P.A. 96-340, eff. 8-11-09; 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-401, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-11

    (725 ILCS 5/110-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-11)
    Sec. 110-11. Bail on a new trial.
    If the judgment of conviction is reversed and the cause remanded for a new trial the trial court may order that the bail stand pending such trial, or reduce or increase bail.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/110-12

    (725 ILCS 5/110-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-12)
    Sec. 110-12. Notice of change of address.
    A defendant who has been admitted to bail shall file a written notice with the clerk of the court before which the proceeding is pending of any change in his or her address within 24 hours after such change, except that a defendant who has been admitted to bail for a forcible felony as defined in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall file a written notice with the clerk of the court before which the proceeding is pending and the clerk shall immediately deliver a time stamped copy of the written notice to the State's Attorney charged with the prosecution within 24 hours prior to such change. The address of a defendant who has been admitted to bail shall at all times remain a matter of public record with the clerk of the court.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/110-13

    (725 ILCS 5/110-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-13)
    Sec. 110-13. Persons prohibited from furnishing bail security.
    No attorney at law practicing in this State and no official authorized to admit another to bail or to accept bail shall furnish any part of any security for bail in any criminal action or any proceeding nor shall any such person act as surety for any accused admitted to bail.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/110-14

    (725 ILCS 5/110-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-14)
    Sec. 110-14. Credit for Incarceration on Bailable Offense.
    (a) Any person incarcerated on a bailable offense who does not supply bail and against whom a fine is levied on conviction of such offense shall be allowed a credit of $5 for each day so incarcerated upon application of the defendant. However, in no case shall the amount so allowed or credited exceed the amount of the fine.
    (b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a person incarcerated for sexual assault as defined in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of Section 5-9-1.7 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 93-699, eff. 1-1-05.)

725 ILCS 5/110-15

    (725 ILCS 5/110-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-15)
    Sec. 110-15. Applicability of provisions for giving and taking bail. The provisions of Sections 110-7 and 110-8 of this Code are exclusive of other provisions of law for the giving, taking, or enforcement of bail. In all cases where a person is admitted to bail the provisions of Sections 110-7 and 110-8 of this Code shall be applicable.
    However, the Supreme Court may, by rule or order, prescribe a uniform schedule of amounts of bail in specified traffic and conservation cases, quasi-criminal offenses, and misdemeanors. Such uniform schedule may provide that the cash deposit provisions of Section 110-7 shall not apply to bail amounts established for alleged violations punishable by fine alone, and the schedule may further provide that in specified traffic cases a valid Illinois chauffeur's or operator's license must be deposited, in addition to 10% of the amount of the bail specified in the schedule.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 2969.)

725 ILCS 5/110-16

    (725 ILCS 5/110-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-16)
    Sec. 110-16. Bail bond-forfeiture in same case or absents self during trial-not bailable.
    If a person admitted to bail on a felony charge forfeits his bond and fails to appear in court during the 30 days immediately after such forfeiture, on being taken into custody thereafter he shall not be bailable in the case in question, unless the court finds that his absence was not for the purpose of obstructing justice or avoiding prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 77-1447.)

725 ILCS 5/110-17

    (725 ILCS 5/110-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-17)
    Sec. 110-17. Unclaimed Bail Deposits. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act, any sum of money deposited by any person to secure his release from custody which remains unclaimed by the person entitled to its return for 3 years after the conditions of the bail bond have been performed and the accused has been discharged from all obligations in the cause shall be presumed to be abandoned.
    (a) The clerk of the circuit court, as soon thereafter as practicable, shall cause notice to be published once, in English, in a newspaper or newspapers of general circulation in the county wherein the deposit of bond was received.
    (b) The published notice shall be entitled "Notice of Persons Appearing to be Owners of Abandoned Property" and shall contain:
    (1) The names, in alphabetical order, of persons to whom the notice is directed.
    (2) A statement that information concerning the amount of the property may be obtained by any persons possessing an interest in the property by making an inquiry at the office of the clerk of the circuit court at a location designated by him.
    (3) A statement that if proof of claim is not presented by the owner to the clerk of the circuit court and if the owner's right to receive the property is not established to the satisfaction of the clerk of the court within 65 days from the date of the published notice, the abandoned property will be placed in the custody of the treasurer of the county, not later than 85 days after such publication, to whom all further claims must thereafter be directed. If the claim is established as aforesaid and after deducting an amount not to exceed $20 to cover the cost of notice publication and related clerical expenses, the clerk of the court shall make payment to the person entitled thereto.
    (4) The clerk of the circuit court is not required to publish in such notice any items of less than $100 unless he deems such publication in the public interest.
    (c) Any clerk of the circuit court who has caused notice to be published as provided by this Section shall, within 20 days after the time specified in this Section for claiming the property from the clerk of the court, pay or deliver to the treasurer of the county having jurisdiction of the offense, whether the bond was taken there or any other county, all sums deposited as specified in this section less such amounts as may have been returned to the persons whose rights to receive the sums deposited have been established to the satisfaction of the clerk of the circuit court. Any clerk of the circuit court who transfers such sums to the county treasury including sums deposited by persons whose names are not required to be set forth in the published notice aforesaid, is relieved of all liability for such sums as have been transferred as unclaimed bail deposits or any claim which then exists or which thereafter may arise or be made in respect to such sums.
    (d) The treasurer of the county shall keep just and true accounts of all moneys paid into the treasury, and if any person appears within 5 years after the deposit of moneys by the clerk of the circuit court and claims any money paid into the treasury, he shall file a claim therefor on the form prescribed by the treasurer of the county who shall consider any claim filed under this Act and who may, in his discretion, hold a hearing and receive evidence concerning it. The treasurer of the county shall prepare a finding and the decision in writing on each hearing, stating the substance of any evidence heard by him, his findings of fact in respect thereto, and the reasons for his decision. The decision shall be a public record.
    (e) All claims which are not filed within the 5 year period shall be forever barred.
(Source: P.A. 85-768.)

725 ILCS 5/110-18

    (725 ILCS 5/110-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 110-18)
    Sec. 110-18. Reimbursement. The sheriff of each county shall certify to the treasurer of each county the number of days that persons had been detained in the custody of the sheriff without a bond being set as a result of an order entered pursuant to Section 110-6.1 of this Code. The county treasurer shall, no later than January 1, annually certify to the Supreme Court the number of days that persons had been detained without bond during the twelve-month period ending November 30. The Supreme Court shall reimburse, from funds appropriated to it by the General Assembly for such purposes, the treasurer of each county an amount of money for deposit in the county general revenue fund at a rate of $50 per day for each day that persons were detained in custody without bail as a result of an order entered pursuant to Section 110-6.1 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 85-892.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 110A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 110A heading)
ARTICLE 110A. PEACE BONDS

725 ILCS 5/110A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-5)
    Sec. 110A-5. Courts as conservators of the peace. All courts are conservators of the peace, shall cause to be kept all laws made for the preservation of the peace, and may require persons to give security to keep the peace or for their good behavior, or both, as provided by this Article.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-10)
    Sec. 110A-10. Complaints. When complaint is made to a judge that a person has threatened or is about to commit an offense against the person or property of another, the court shall examine on oath the complaint, and any witness who may be produced, and reduce the complaint to writing, and cause it to be subscribed and sworn to by the complainant.
    The complaint may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine, and that complaint has the same validity as a written complaint.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-15

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-15)
    Sec. 110A-15. Warrants. If the court is satisfied that there is danger that an offense will be committed, the court shall issue a warrant requiring the proper officer to whom it is directed forthwith to apprehend the person complained of and bring him or her before the court having jurisdiction in the premises.
    The warrant may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine, and that warrant has the same validity as a written warrant.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-20

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-20)
    Sec. 110A-20. Hearing. When the person complained of is brought before the court if the charge is controverted, the testimony produced on behalf of the plaintiff and defendant shall be heard.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-25

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-25)
    Sec. 110A-25. Malicious prosecution; costs. If it appears that there is no just reason to fear the commission of the offense, the defendant shall be discharged. If the court is of the opinion that the prosecution was commenced maliciously without probable cause, the court may enter judgment against the complainant for the costs of the prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-30

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-30)
    Sec. 110A-30. Recognizance. If there is just reason to fear the commission of an offense, the defendant shall be required to give a recognizance, with sufficient security, in the sum as the court may direct, to keep the peace towards all people of this State, and especially towards the person against whom or whose property there is reason to fear the offense may be committed, for such time, not exceeding 12 months, as the court may order. But he or she shall not be bound over to the next court unless he or she is also charged with some other offense for which he or she ought to be held to answer at the court.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-35

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-35)
    Sec. 110A-35. Refusal to give recognizance. If the person so ordered to recognize complies with the order, he or she shall be discharged; but if he or she refuses or neglects, the court shall commit him or her to jail during the period for which he or she was required to give security, or until he or she so recognizes, stating in the warrant the cause of commitment, with the sum and time for which the security was required.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-40

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-40)
    Sec. 110A-40. Costs of prosecution. When a person is required to give security to keep the peace, or for his or her good behavior, the court may further order that the costs of the prosecution, or any part of the costs, shall be paid by that person, who shall stand committed until the costs are paid or he or she is otherwise legally discharged.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-45

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-45)
    Sec. 110A-45. Discharge upon giving recognizance. A person committed for not finding sureties, or refusing to recognize as required by the court, may be discharged on giving the security as was required.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-50

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-50)
    Sec. 110A-50. Filing of recognizance; breach of condition. Every recognizance taken in accordance with the foregoing provisions shall be filed of record by the clerk and upon a breach of the condition the same shall be prosecuted by the State's Attorney.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-55

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-55)
    Sec. 110A-55. Conviction not needed. In proceeding upon a recognizance it is not necessary to show a conviction of the defendant of an offense against the person or property of another.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-60

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-60)
    Sec. 110A-60. Threat made in court. A person who, in the presence of a court, commits or threatens to commit an offense against the person or property of another, may be ordered, without process, to enter into a recognizance to keep the peace for a period not exceeding 12 months, and in case of refusal be committed as in other cases.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-65

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-65)
    Sec. 110A-65. Remitting recognizance. When, upon an action brought upon a recognizance, the penalty for the action is adjudged forfeited, the court may, on the petition of a defendant, remit the portion of it as the circumstances of the case render just and reasonable.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-70

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-70)
    Sec. 110A-70. Surrender of principal. The sureties of a person bound to keep the peace may, at any time, surrender their principal to the sheriff of the county in which the principal was bound, under the same rules and regulations governing the surrender of the principal in other criminal cases.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-75

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-75)
    Sec. 110A-75. New recognizance. The person so surrendered may recognize anew, with sufficient sureties, before a court, for the residue of the time, and shall thereupon be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-80

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-80)
    Sec. 110A-80. Amended complaint. No proceeding to prevent a breach of the peace shall be dismissed on account of any informality or insufficiency in the complaint, or any process or proceeding, but the complaint may be amended, by order of the court, to conform to the facts in the case.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV heading)
TITLE IV. PROCEEDINGS TO COMMENCE PROSECUTION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 111

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 111 heading)
ARTICLE 111. CHARGING AN OFFENSE

725 ILCS 5/111-1

    (725 ILCS 5/111-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-1)
    Sec. 111-1. Methods of prosecution. When authorized by law a prosecution may be commenced by:
    (a) A complaint;
    (b) An information;
    (c) An indictment.
    Upon commencement of a prosecution for a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, the victims of these offenses shall have all the rights under this Section as they do in Section 4 of the Bill of Rights for Victims and Witnesses of Violent Crime Act.
    For the purposes of this Section "victim" shall mean an individual who has suffered personal injury as a result of the commission of a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide. In regard to a violation of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, "victim" shall also include, but not be limited to, spouse, guardian, parent, or other family member.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/111-2

    (725 ILCS 5/111-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-2)
    Sec. 111-2. Commencement of prosecutions.
    (a) All prosecutions of felonies shall be by information or by indictment. No prosecution may be pursued by information unless a preliminary hearing has been held or waived in accordance with Section 109-3 and at that hearing probable cause to believe the defendant committed an offense was found, and the provisions of Section 109-3.1 of this Code have been complied with.
    (b) All other prosecutions may be by indictment, information or complaint.
    (c) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court charging the defendant with the commission of a sex offense defined in any Section of Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, and a minor as defined in Section 1-3 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 is alleged to be the victim of the commission of the acts of the defendant in the commission of such offense, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor as provided in Section 2-17, 3-19, 4-16 or 5-610 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
    (d) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court, the court shall immediately issue a warrant for the arrest of each person charged with an offense directed to a peace officer or some other person specifically named commanding him to arrest such person.
    (e) When the offense is bailable, the judge shall endorse on the warrant the amount of bail required by the order of the court, and if the court orders the process returnable forthwith, the warrant shall require that the accused be arrested and brought immediately into court.
    (f) Where the prosecution of a felony is by information or complaint after preliminary hearing, or after a waiver of preliminary hearing in accordance with paragraph (a) of this Section, such prosecution may be for all offenses, arising from the same transaction or conduct of a defendant even though the complaint or complaints filed at the preliminary hearing charged only one or some of the offenses arising from that transaction or conduct.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/111-3

    (725 ILCS 5/111-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-3)
    Sec. 111-3. Form of charge.
    (a) A charge shall be in writing and allege the commission of an offense by:
        (1) Stating the name of the offense;
        (2) Citing the statutory provision alleged to have
    
been violated;
        (3) Setting forth the nature and elements of the
    
offense charged;
        (4) Stating the date and county of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done; and
        (5) Stating the name of the accused, if known, and if
    
not known, designate the accused by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty.
    (a-5) If the victim is alleged to have been subjected to an offense involving an illegal sexual act including, but not limited to, a sexual offense defined in Article 11 or Section 10-9 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the charge shall state the identity of the victim by name, initials, or description.
    (b) An indictment shall be signed by the foreman of the Grand Jury and an information shall be signed by the State's Attorney and sworn to by him or another. A complaint shall be sworn to and signed by the complainant; provided, that when a peace officer observes the commission of a misdemeanor and is the complaining witness, the signing of the complaint by the peace officer is sufficient to charge the defendant with the commission of the offense, and the complaint need not be sworn to if the officer signing the complaint certifies that the statements set forth in the complaint are true and correct and are subject to the penalties provided by law for false certification under Section 1-109 of the Code of Civil Procedure and perjury under Section 32-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012; and further provided, however, that when a citation is issued on a Uniform Traffic Ticket or Uniform Conservation Ticket (in a form prescribed by the Conference of Chief Circuit Judges and filed with the Supreme Court), the copy of such Uniform Ticket which is filed with the circuit court constitutes a complaint to which the defendant may plead, unless he specifically requests that a verified complaint be filed.
    (c) When the State seeks an enhanced sentence because of a prior conviction, the charge shall also state the intention to seek an enhanced sentence and shall state such prior conviction so as to give notice to the defendant. However, the fact of such prior conviction and the State's intention to seek an enhanced sentence are not elements of the offense and may not be disclosed to the jury during trial unless otherwise permitted by issues properly raised during such trial. For the purposes of this Section, "enhanced sentence" means a sentence which is increased by a prior conviction from one classification of offense to another higher level classification of offense set forth in Section 5-4.5-10 of the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/5-4.5-10); it does not include an increase in the sentence applied within the same level of classification of offense.
    (c-5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in all cases in which the imposition of the death penalty is not a possibility, if an alleged fact (other than the fact of a prior conviction) is not an element of an offense but is sought to be used to increase the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense, the alleged fact must be included in the charging instrument or otherwise provided to the defendant through a written notification before trial, submitted to a trier of fact as an aggravating factor, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt. Failure to prove the fact beyond a reasonable doubt is not a bar to a conviction for commission of the offense, but is a bar to increasing, based on that fact, the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for that offense. Nothing in this subsection (c-5) requires the imposition of a sentence that increases the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense if the imposition of that sentence is not required by law.
    (d) At any time prior to trial, the State on motion shall be permitted to amend the charge, whether brought by indictment, information or complaint, to make the charge comply with subsection (c) or (c-5) of this Section. Nothing in Section 103-5 of this Code precludes such an amendment or a written notification made in accordance with subsection (c-5) of this Section.
    (e) The provisions of subsection (a) of Section 5-4.5-95 of the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/5-4.5-95) shall not be affected by this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-416, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/111-4

    (725 ILCS 5/111-4)
    Sec. 111-4. Joinder of offenses and defendants.
    (a) Two or more offenses may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint in a separate count for each offense if the offenses charged, whether felonies or misdemeanors or both, are based on the same act or on 2 or more acts which are part of the same comprehensive transaction.
    (b) Two or more defendants may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint if they are alleged to have participated in the same act or in the same comprehensive transaction out of which the offense or offenses arose. Such defendants may be charged in one or more counts together or separately and all of the defendants need not be charged in each count.
    (c) Two or more acts or transactions in violation of any provision or provisions of Sections 8A-2, 8A-3, 8A-4, 8A-4A and 8A-5 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, Section 14 of the Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act, Sections 16-1, 16-1.3, 16-2, 16-3, 16-5, 16-7, 16-8, 16-10, 16-25, 16-30, 16A-3, 16B-2, 16G-15, 16G-20, 16H-15, 16H-20, 16H-25, 16H-30, 16H-45, 16H-50, 16H-55, 17-1, 17-3, 17-6, 17-30, 17-56, or 17-60, or item (ii) of subsection (a) or (b) of Section 17-9, or subdivision (a)(2) of Section 17-10.5, or subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (g), (h), or (i) of Section 17-10.6, or subsection (a) of Section 17-32 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and Section 118 of Division I of the Criminal Jurisprudence Act, may be charged as a single offense in a single count of the same indictment, information or complaint, if such acts or transactions by one or more defendants are in furtherance of a single intention and design or if the property, labor or services obtained are of the same person or are of several persons having a common interest in such property, labor or services. In such a charge, the period between the dates of the first and the final such acts or transactions may be alleged as the date of the offense and, if any such act or transaction by any defendant was committed in the county where the prosecution was commenced, such county may be alleged as the county of the offense.
(Source: P.A. 96-354, eff. 8-13-09; 96-1207, eff. 7-22-10; 96-1407, eff. 1-1-11; 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-597, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/111-5

    (725 ILCS 5/111-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-5)
    Sec. 111-5. Formal defects in a charge. An indictment, information or complaint which charges the commission of an offense in accordance with Section 111-3 of this Code shall not be dismissed and may be amended on motion by the State's Attorney or defendant at any time because of formal defects, including:
        (a) Any miswriting, misspelling or grammatical error;
        (b) Any misjoinder of the parties defendant;
        (c) Any misjoinder of the offense charged;
        (d) The presence of any unnecessary allegation;
        (e) The failure to negative any exception, any excuse
    
or proviso contained in the statute defining the offense; or
        (f) The use of alternative or disjunctive allegations
    
as to the acts, means, intents or results charged.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-6

    (725 ILCS 5/111-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-6)
    Sec. 111-6. Bill of particulars.
    When an indictment, information or complaint charges an offense in accordance with the provisions of Section 111-3 of this Code but fails to specify the particulars of the offense sufficiently to enable the defendant to prepare his defense the court may, on written motion of the defendant, require the State's Attorney to furnish the defendant with a Bill of Particulars containing such particulars as may be necessary for the preparation of the defense. At the trial of the cause the State's evidence shall be confined to the particulars of the bill.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-7

    (725 ILCS 5/111-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-7)
    Sec. 111-7. Loss of charge.
    When an indictment, information or complaint which has been returned or presented to a court as authorized by law has become illegible or cannot be produced at the arraignment or trial the defendant may be arraigned and tried on a copy thereof certified by the clerk of the court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/111-8

    (725 ILCS 5/111-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-8)
    Sec. 111-8. Orders of protection to prohibit domestic violence.
    (a) Whenever a violation of Section 9-1, 9-2, 9-3, 10-3, 10-3.1, 10-4, 10-5, 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 11-14.3 that involves soliciting for a prostitute, 11-14.4 that involves soliciting for a juvenile prostitute, 11-15, 11-15.1, 11-20.1, 11-20.1B, 11-20.3, 11-20a, 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.05, 12-3.2, 12-3.3, 12-3.5, 12-4, 12-4.1, 12-4.3, 12-4.6, 12-5, 12-6, 12-6.3, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-7.5, 12-11, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, 12-16, 19-4, 19-6, 21-1, 21-2, 21-3, or 26.5-2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or Section 1-1 of the Harassing and Obscene Communications Act is alleged in an information, complaint or indictment on file, and the alleged offender and victim are family or household members, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act, as now or hereafter amended, the People through the respective State's Attorneys may by separate petition and upon notice to the defendant, except as provided in subsection (c) herein, request the court to issue an order of protection.
    (b) In addition to any other remedies specified in Section 208 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act, as now or hereafter amended, the order may direct the defendant to initiate no contact with the alleged victim or victims who are family or household members and to refrain from entering the residence, school or place of business of the alleged victim or victims.
    (c) The court may grant emergency relief without notice upon a showing of immediate and present danger of abuse to the victim or minor children of the victim and may enter a temporary order pending notice and full hearing on the matter.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, Article 1, Section 965, eff. 7-1-11; P.A. 96-1551, Article 2, Section 1040, eff. 7-1-11; 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 112

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 112 heading)
ARTICLE 112. GRAND JURY

725 ILCS 5/112-1

    (725 ILCS 5/112-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-1)
    Sec. 112-1. Selection and qualification.
    The grand jurors shall be summoned, drawn, qualified and certified according to law.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/112-2

    (725 ILCS 5/112-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-2)
    Sec. 112-2. Impaneling the Grand Jury. (a) The Grand Jury shall consist of 16 persons, 12 of whom shall be necessary to constitute a quorum.
    (b) The Grand Jury shall be impaneled, sworn and instructed as to its duties by the court. The court shall select and swear one of the grand jurors to serve as foreman.
    (c) Before the Grand Jury shall enter upon the discharge of their duties the following oath shall be administered to the jurors:
    "You and each of you do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that you will diligently inquire into and true presentment make of all such matters and things as shall be given you in charge, or shall otherwise come to your knowledge, touching the present service; you shall present no person through malice, hatred or ill-will; nor shall you leave any unpresented through fear, favor, affection, or for any fee or reward, or for any hope or promise thereof; but in all of your presentments, you shall present the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, according to the best of your skill and understanding; so help you God."
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-3

    (725 ILCS 5/112-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-3)
    Sec. 112-3. Duration of Grand Jury.
    (a) In counties with a population in excess of 1,000,000 a Grand Jury shall be convened, impaneled and sworn, and shall commence the performance of its duties for an indeterminate period, on the first Monday of each month. In such counties a Grand Jury shall serve until discharged by the court, except that no Grand Jury shall serve in excess of 18 months and not more than 6 Grand Juries shall sit at the same time.
    In counties with a population in excess of 225,000 but less than 1,000,000 a Grand Jury may be convened, empaneled, and sworn and may sit at such times and for such periods as the circuit court may order on its own motion or that of the State's Attorney. No Grand Jury shall serve in excess of 18 months and not more than 2 Grand Juries shall sit at the same time.
    (b) In all other counties the Grand Jury shall be called and sit at such times and for such periods as the circuit court may order on its own motion or that of the State's Attorney; provided, that no Grand Jury shall sit for a period in excess of 18 months and, provided further, that no more than one Grand Jury shall sit at the same time.
    (c) At any time for cause shown the court may excuse a grand juror either temporarily or permanently and, if permanently, may impanel another person in place of the grand juror excused.
(Source: P.A. 88-31.)

725 ILCS 5/112-4

    (725 ILCS 5/112-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-4)
    Sec. 112-4. Duties of Grand Jury and State's Attorney.) (a) The Grand Jury shall hear all evidence presented by the State's Attorney.
    (b) The Grand Jury has the right to subpoena and question any person against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment, or any other person, and to obtain and examine any documents or transcripts relevant to the matter being prosecuted by the State's Attorney. Prior to the commencement of its duties and, again, before the consideration of each matter or charge before the Grand Jury, the State's Attorney shall inform the Grand Jury of these rights. In cases where the initial charge has been commenced by information or complaint and a finding of no probable cause has resulted as to any offense charged therein, the Grand Jury shall be informed of the finding entered at the preliminary hearing and further advised that such finding shall not bar the State from initiating new charges by indictment, information or complaint if the State's Attorney has reasonable grounds to believe that the evidence available at that time is sufficient to establish probable cause. In such cases, the Grand Jury shall be further advised that it has the right to subpoena and question any witness who testified at the preliminary hearing, or who is believed to have knowledge of such offense, and of its right to obtain and examine the testimony heard at the preliminary hearing, either through the production of a transcript of the proceedings, or through the verbatim testimony of the court reporter who attended the preliminary hearing. The State's Attorney shall file an affidavit as part of the Grand Jury record indicating whether the jurors were advised of such previous findings of no probable cause and of their rights based upon such previous finding.
    Any person subpoenaed who is already charged with an offense or against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment shall have the right to be accompanied by counsel who shall advise him of his rights during the proceedings but may not participate in any other way. Before any testimony is given by such a person, he shall be informed that he has the right to refuse to answer any question that will tend to incriminate him, that anything he says may be used against him in a court of law, that he has the right to be accompanied and advised of his rights by counsel, and that he will have counsel appointed for him if he cannot afford one.
    (c) The foreman shall preside over all hearings and swear all witnesses. Except where otherwise provided by this Article, the foreman may delegate duties to other grand jurors and determine rules of procedure.
    (d) If 9 grand jurors concur that the evidence before them constitutes probable cause that a person has committed an offense the State's Attorney shall prepare a Bill of Indictment charging that person with such offense. The foreman shall sign each Bill of Indictment which shall be returned in open court.
    (e) When the evidence presented to the Grand Jury does not warrant the return of a Bill of Indictment, the State's Attorney may prepare a written memorandum to such effect, entitled, "No Bill".
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-4.1

    (725 ILCS 5/112-4.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-4.1)
    Sec. 112-4.1. Any person appearing before the grand jury shall have the right to be accompanied by counsel who shall advise him of his rights but shall not participate in any other way.
(Source: P.A. 81-1112.)

725 ILCS 5/112-5

    (725 ILCS 5/112-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-5)
    Sec. 112-5. Duties of others. (a) The clerk of the court shall keep such records of Bills of Indictments and No Bills as may be prescribed by Rule of the Supreme Court.
    (b) The court may appoint an investigator or investigators on petition showing good cause for same and signed by the foreman and 8 other grand jurors. The duties and tenure of appointment of such investigator or investigators shall be determined by the court.
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-6

    (725 ILCS 5/112-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-6)
    Sec. 112-6. Secrecy of proceedings.) (a) Only the State's Attorney, his reporter and any other person authorized by the court or by law may attend the sessions of the Grand Jury. Only the grand jurors shall be present during the deliberations and vote of the Grand Jury. If no reporter is assigned by the State's Attorney to attend the sessions of the Grand Jury, the court shall appoint such reporter.
    (b) Matters other than the deliberations and vote of any grand juror shall not be disclosed by the State's Attorney, except as otherwise provided for in subsection (c). The court may direct that a Bill of Indictment be kept secret until the defendant is in custody or has given bail and in either event the clerk shall seal the Bill of Indictment and no person shall disclose the finding of the Bill of Indictment except when necessary for the issuance and execution of a warrant.
    (c) (1) Disclosure otherwise prohibited by this Section of matters occurring before the Grand Jury, other than its deliberations and the vote of any grand juror, may be made to:
    a. a State's Attorney for use in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty; and
    b. such government personnel as are deemed necessary by the State's Attorney in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty to enforce State criminal law.
    (2) Any person to whom matters are disclosed under paragraph (1) of this subsection (c) shall not use the Grand Jury material for any purpose other than assisting the State's Attorney in the performance of such State's Attorney's duty to enforce State criminal law. The State's Attorney shall promptly provide the court, before which was impaneled the Grand Jury whose material has been disclosed, with the names of the persons to whom such disclosure has been made.
    (3) Disclosure otherwise prohibited by this Section of matters occurring before the Grand Jury may also be made when the court, preliminary to or in connection with a judicial proceeding, directs such in the interests of justice or when a law so directs.
    (d) Any grand juror or officer of the court who discloses, other than to his attorney, matters occurring before the Grand Jury other than in accordance with the provisions of this subsection or Section 112-7 shall be punished as a contempt of court, subject to proceedings in accordance to law.
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)

725 ILCS 5/112-7

    (725 ILCS 5/112-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 112-7)
    Sec. 112-7. A transcript shall be made of all questions asked of and answers given by witnesses before the grand jury.
(Source: P.A. 79-669.)

725 ILCS 5/112-8

    (725 ILCS 5/112-8)
    Sec. 112-8. Destroyed instrument. When an instrument that is the subject of an indictment has been destroyed or withheld by the act or procurement of the defendant, and the fact of the destruction or withholding is alleged in the indictment and established on trial, the accused shall not be acquitted on account of any misdescription of the instrument so withheld or destroyed.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 112A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 112A heading)
ARTICLE 112A. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: ORDER OF PROTECTION

725 ILCS 5/112A-1

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-1)
    Sec. 112A-1. Construction. This Article shall be interpreted in accordance with the purposes and rules of construction set forth in Section 102 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986. Each of the provisions of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 which are included in this Article shall govern the issuance, recording and enforcement of orders of protection in criminal proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 84-1305.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-2)
    Sec. 112A-2. Commencement of Actions.
    (a) Actions for orders of protection are commenced in conjunction with a delinquency petition or a criminal prosecution by filing a petition for an order of protection, under the same case number as the delinquency petition or the criminal prosecution, to be granted during pre-trial release of a defendant, with any dispositional order issued under Section 5-710 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, or as a condition of release, supervision, conditional discharge, probation, periodic imprisonment, parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release, or in conjunction with imprisonment or a bond forfeiture warrant, provided that:
        (i) the violation is alleged in an information,
    
complaint, indictment or delinquency petition on file, and the alleged offender and victim are family or household members; and
        (ii) the petition, which is filed by the State's
    
Attorney, names a victim of the alleged crime as a petitioner.
    (b) Withdrawal or dismissal of any petition for an order of protection prior to adjudication where the petitioner is represented by the state shall operate as a dismissal without prejudice.
    (c) Voluntary dismissal or withdrawal of any delinquency petition or criminal prosecution or a finding of not guilty shall not require dismissal of the action for the order of protection; instead, in the discretion of the State's Attorney, it may be treated as an independent action and, if necessary and appropriate, transferred to a different court or division. Dismissal of any delinquency petition or criminal prosecution shall not affect the validity of any previously issued order of protection, and thereafter subsection (b) of Section 112A-20 shall be inapplicable to that order.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-3

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-3)
    Sec. 112A-3. Definitions. For the purposes of this Article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
    (1) "Abuse" means physical abuse, harassment, intimidation of a dependent, interference with personal liberty or willful deprivation but does not include reasonable direction of a minor child by a parent or person in loco parentis.
    (2) "Domestic violence" means abuse as described in paragraph (1).
    (3) "Family or household members" include spouses, former spouses, parents, children, stepchildren and other persons related by blood or by present or prior marriage, persons who share or formerly shared a common dwelling, persons who have or allegedly have a child in common, persons who share or allegedly share a blood relationship through a child, persons who have or have had a dating or engagement relationship, persons with disabilities and their personal assistants, and caregivers as defined in subsection (e) of Section 12-4.4a of the Criminal Code of 2012. For purposes of this paragraph, neither a casual acquaintanceship nor ordinary fraternization between 2 individuals in business or social contexts shall be deemed to constitute a dating relationship.
    (4) "Harassment" means knowing conduct which is not necessary to accomplish a purpose which is reasonable under the circumstances; would cause a reasonable person emotional distress; and does cause emotional distress to the petitioner. Unless the presumption is rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence, the following types of conduct shall be presumed to cause emotional distress:
        (i) creating a disturbance at petitioner's place of
    
employment or school;
        (ii) repeatedly telephoning petitioner's place of
    
employment, home or residence;
        (iii) repeatedly following petitioner about in a
    
public place or places;
        (iv) repeatedly keeping petitioner under surveillance
    
by remaining present outside his or her home, school, place of employment, vehicle or other place occupied by petitioner or by peering in petitioner's windows;
        (v) improperly concealing a minor child from
    
petitioner, repeatedly threatening to improperly remove a minor child of petitioner's from the jurisdiction or from the physical care of petitioner, repeatedly threatening to conceal a minor child from petitioner, or making a single such threat following an actual or attempted improper removal or concealment, unless respondent was fleeing from an incident or pattern of domestic violence; or
        (vi) threatening physical force, confinement or
    
restraint on one or more occasions.
    (5) "Interference with personal liberty" means committing or threatening physical abuse, harassment, intimidation or willful deprivation so as to compel another to engage in conduct from which she or he has a right to abstain or to refrain from conduct in which she or he has a right to engage.
    (6) "Intimidation of a dependent" means subjecting a person who is dependent because of age, health or disability to participation in or the witnessing of: physical force against another or physical confinement or restraint of another which constitutes physical abuse as defined in this Article, regardless of whether the abused person is a family or household member.
    (7) "Order of protection" means an emergency order, interim order or plenary order, granted pursuant to this Article, which includes any or all of the remedies authorized by Section 112A-14 of this Code.
    (8) "Petitioner" may mean not only any named petitioner for the order of protection and any named victim of abuse on whose behalf the petition is brought, but also any other person protected by this Article.
    (9) "Physical abuse" includes sexual abuse and means any of the following:
        (i) knowing or reckless use of physical force,
    
confinement or restraint;
        (ii) knowing, repeated and unnecessary sleep
    
deprivation; or
        (iii) knowing or reckless conduct which creates an
    
immediate risk of physical harm.
    (9.5) "Stay away" means for the respondent to refrain from both physical presence and nonphysical contact with the petitioner whether direct, indirect (including, but not limited to, telephone calls, mail, email, faxes, and written notes), or through third parties who may or may not know about the order of protection.
    (10) "Willful deprivation" means wilfully denying a person who because of age, health or disability requires medication, medical care, shelter, accessible shelter or services, food, therapeutic device, or other physical assistance, and thereby exposing that person to the risk of physical, mental or emotional harm, except with regard to medical care and treatment when such dependent person has expressed the intent to forgo such medical care or treatment. This paragraph does not create any new affirmative duty to provide support to dependent persons.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-4

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-4)
    Sec. 112A-4. Persons protected by this article.
    (a) The following persons are protected by this Article:
        (i) any person abused by a family or household member;
        (ii) any minor child or dependent adult in the care
    
of such person; and
        (iii) any person residing or employed at a private
    
home or public shelter which is housing an abused family or household member.
    (b) A petition for an order of protection may be filed only by a person who has been abused by a family or household member or by any person on behalf of a minor child or an adult who has been abused by a family or household member and who, because of age, health, disability, or inaccessibility, cannot file the petition. However, any petition properly filed under this Article may seek protection for any additional persons protected by this Article.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-5)
    Sec. 112A-5. Pleading; non-disclosure of address.
    (a) A petition for an order of protection shall be in writing and verified or accompanied by affidavit and shall allege that petitioner has been abused by respondent, who is a family or household member. The petition shall further set forth whether there is any other pending action between the parties. During the pendency of this proceeding, each party has a continuing duty to inform the court of any subsequent proceeding for an order of protection in this or any other state.
    (b) If the petition states that disclosure of petitioner's address would risk abuse of petitioner or any member of petitioner's family or household or reveal the confidential address of a shelter for domestic violence victims, that address may be omitted from all documents filed with the court. If disclosure is necessary to determine jurisdiction or consider any venue issue, it shall be made orally and in camera. If petitioner has not disclosed an address under this subsection, petitioner shall designate an alternative address at which respondent may serve notice of any motions.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-6

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-6)
    Sec. 112A-6. Application of rules of civil procedure; criminal law.
    (a) Any proceeding to obtain, modify, reopen or appeal an order of protection, whether commenced alone or in conjunction with a civil or criminal proceeding, shall be governed by the rules of civil procedure of this State. The standard of proof in such a proceeding is proof by a preponderance of the evidence, whether the proceeding is heard in criminal or civil court. The Code of Civil Procedure and Supreme Court and local court rules applicable to civil proceedings, as now or hereafter amended, shall apply, except as otherwise provided by law. Civil law on venue, discovery, and on penalties for untrue statements shall not apply to order of protection proceedings heard under this Article 112A.
    (b) Criminal law on discovery, venue, and on penalties for untrue statements apply to orders of protection proceedings heard under this Article 112A.
(Source: P.A. 90-235, eff. 1-1-98.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-7

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-7)
    Sec. 112A-7. Trial by jury. There shall be no right to trial by jury in any proceeding to obtain, modify, vacate or extend any order of protection under this Article. However, nothing in this Section shall deny any existing right to trial by jury in a criminal proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 87-895; 87-1186; 88-45.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-8

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-8)
    Sec. 112A-8. Subject matter jurisdiction. Each of the circuit courts shall have the power to issue orders of protection.
(Source: P.A. 84-1305.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-9

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-9)
    Sec. 112A-9. Jurisdiction over persons. In child custody proceedings, the court's personal jurisdiction is determined by this State's Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act. Otherwise, the courts of this State have jurisdiction to bind (i) State residents, and (ii) non-residents having minimum contacts with this State, to the extent permitted by the long-arm statute, Section 2-209 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 93-108, eff. 1-1-04.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-10)
    Sec. 112A-10. Process.
    (a) Summons. Any action for an order of protection, whether commenced alone or in conjunction with another proceeding, is a distinct cause of action and requires that a separate summons be issued and served, except that in pending criminal cases, the summons may be delivered to respondent in open court. The summons shall be in the form prescribed by Supreme Court Rule 101(d), except that it shall require respondent to answer or appear within 7 days, and shall be accompanied by the petition for the order of protection, any supporting affidavits, if any, and any emergency order of protection that has been issued. The enforcement of an order of protection under Section 112A-23 shall not be affected by the lack of service or delivery, provided the requirements of subsection (a) of that Section are otherwise met.
    (b) Fees. No fee shall be charged for service of summons.
    (c) Expedited service. The summons shall be served by the sheriff or other law enforcement officer at the earliest time and shall take precedence over other summonses except those of a similar emergency nature. Special process servers may be appointed at any time, and their designation shall not affect the responsibilities and authority of the sheriff or other official process servers. Process shall not be served in court.
    (d) Remedies requiring actual notice. The counseling, payment of support, payment of shelter services, and payment of losses remedies provided by paragraphs 4, 12, 13, and 16 of subsection (b) of Section 112A-14 may be granted only if respondent has been personally served with process, has answered or has made a general appearance.
    (e) Remedies upon constructive notice. Service of process on a member of respondent's household or by publication, in accordance with Sections 2-203, 2-206 and 2-207 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as now or hereafter amended, shall be adequate for the remedies provided by paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, and 17 of subsection (b) of Section 112A-14, but only if: (i) petitioner has made all reasonable efforts to accomplish actual service of process personally upon respondent, but respondent cannot be found to effect such service; and (ii) petitioner files an affidavit or presents sworn testimony as to those efforts.
    (f) Default. A plenary order of protection may be entered by default (1) for any of the remedies sought in the petition, if respondent has been served with documents in accordance with subsection (a) and if respondent then fails to appear on the specified return date or on any subsequent hearing date agreed to by the parties or set by the court; or (2) for any of the remedies provided under subsection (e), if the defendant fails to answer or appear in accordance with the date set in the publication notice or the return date indicated on the service of a household member.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-11)
    Sec. 112A-11. Service of Notice of Hearings. A party presenting a petition or motion to the court shall provide the other parties with written notice of the date, time and place of the hearing thereon, together with a copy of any petition, motion or accompanying affidavit not yet served upon that party, and shall file proof of that service, in accordance with Supreme Court Rules 11 and 12, unless notice is excused by Section 112A-17 of this Article, or by the Code of Civil Procedure, Supreme Court Rules or local rules.
(Source: P.A. 84-1305.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11.1

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11.1)
    Sec. 112A-11.1. Procedure for determining whether certain misdemeanor crimes are crimes of domestic violence for purposes of federal law.
    (a) When a defendant has been charged with a violation of Section 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, or 12-3.5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the State may, at arraignment or no later than 45 days after arraignment, for the purpose of notification to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office, serve on the defendant and file with the court a notice alleging that conviction of the offense would subject the defendant to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) because of the relationship between the defendant and the alleged victim and the nature of the alleged offense.
    (b) The notice shall include the name of the person alleged to be the victim of the crime and shall specify the nature of the alleged relationship as set forth in 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(33)(A)(ii). It shall also specify the element of the charged offense which requires the use or attempted use of physical force, or the threatened use of a deadly weapon, as set forth 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(33)(A)(ii). It shall also include notice that the defendant is entitled to a hearing on the allegation contained in the notice and that if the allegation is sustained, that determination and conviction shall be reported to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office.
    (c) After having been notified as provided in subsection (b) of this Section, the defendant may stipulate or admit, orally on the record or in writing, that conviction of the offense would subject the defendant to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9). In that case, the applicability of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) shall be deemed established for purposes of Section 112A-11.2. If the defendant denies the applicability of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) as alleged in the notice served by the State, or stands mute with respect to that allegation, then the State shall bear the burden to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the offense is one to which the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) apply. The court may consider reliable hearsay evidence submitted by either party provided that it is relevant to the determination of the allegation. Facts previously proven at trial or elicited at the time of entry of a plea of guilty shall be deemed established beyond a reasonable doubt and shall not be relitigated. At the conclusion of the hearing, or upon a stipulation or admission, as applicable, the court shall make a specific written determination with respect to the allegation.
(Source: P.A. 97-1131, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-11.2

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-11.2)
    Sec. 112A-11.2. Notification to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office of determinations in certain misdemeanor cases. Upon judgment of conviction of a violation of Section 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, or 12-3.5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 when the defendant has been determined, under Section 112A-11.1, to be subject to the prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9), the circuit court clerk shall include notification and a copy of the written determination in a report of the conviction to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office to enable the office to report that determination to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and assist the Bureau in identifying persons prohibited from purchasing and possessing a firearm pursuant to the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 922.
(Source: P.A. 97-1131, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-12

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-12)
    Sec. 112A-12. Hearings.
    (a) A petition for an order of protection shall be treated as an expedited proceeding, and no court shall transfer or otherwise decline to decide all or part of such petition, except as otherwise provided herein. Nothing in this Section shall prevent the court from reserving issues when jurisdiction or notice requirements are not met.
    (b) A criminal court may decline to decide contested issues of physical care, custody, visitation, or family support, unless a decision on one or more of those contested issues is necessary to avoid the risk of abuse, neglect, removal from the state or concealment within the state of the child or of separation of the child from the primary caretaker.
    (c) The court shall transfer to the appropriate court or division any issue it has declined to decide. Any court may transfer any matter which must be tried by jury to a more appropriate calendar or division.
    (d) If the court transfers or otherwise declines to decide any issue, judgment on that issue shall be expressly reserved and ruling on other issues shall not be delayed or declined.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-13

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-13)
    Sec. 112A-13. Continuances.
    (a) Petitions for Emergency Orders. Petitions for emergency remedies shall be granted or denied in accordance with the standards of Section 217 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, regardless of respondent's presence in court or appearance.
    (b) Petitions for Interim and Plenary Orders. Any action for an order of protection is an expedited proceeding. Continuances should be granted only for good cause shown and kept to the minimum reasonable duration, taking into account the reasons for the continuance. If the continuance is necessary for some, but not all, of the remedies requested, hearing on those other remedies shall not be delayed.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-14

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-14)
    Sec. 112A-14. Order of protection; remedies.
    (a) Issuance of order. If the court finds that petitioner has been abused by a family or household member, as defined in this Article, an order of protection prohibiting such abuse shall issue; provided that petitioner must also satisfy the requirements of one of the following Sections, as appropriate: Section 112A-17 on emergency orders, Section 112A-18 on interim orders, or Section 112A-19 on plenary orders. Petitioner shall not be denied an order of protection because petitioner or respondent is a minor. The court, when determining whether or not to issue an order of protection, shall not require physical manifestations of abuse on the person of the victim. Modification and extension of prior orders of protection shall be in accordance with this Article.
    (b) Remedies and standards. The remedies to be included in an order of protection shall be determined in accordance with this Section and one of the following Sections, as appropriate: Section 112A-17 on emergency orders, Section 112A-18 on interim orders, and Section 112A-19 on plenary orders. The remedies listed in this subsection shall be in addition to other civil or criminal remedies available to petitioner.
        (1) Prohibition of abuse. Prohibit respondent's
    
harassment, interference with personal liberty, intimidation of a dependent, physical abuse or willful deprivation, as defined in this Article, if such abuse has occurred or otherwise appears likely to occur if not prohibited.
        (2) Grant of exclusive possession of residence.
    
Prohibit respondent from entering or remaining in any residence, household, or premises of the petitioner, including one owned or leased by respondent, if petitioner has a right to occupancy thereof. The grant of exclusive possession of the residence, household, or premises shall not affect title to real property, nor shall the court be limited by the standard set forth in Section 701 of the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act.
            (A) Right to occupancy. A party has a right to
        
occupancy of a residence or household if it is solely or jointly owned or leased by that party, that party's spouse, a person with a legal duty to support that party or a minor child in that party's care, or by any person or entity other than the opposing party that authorizes that party's occupancy (e.g., a domestic violence shelter). Standards set forth in subparagraph (B) shall not preclude equitable relief.
            (B) Presumption of hardships. If petitioner and
        
respondent each has the right to occupancy of a residence or household, the court shall balance (i) the hardships to respondent and any minor child or dependent adult in respondent's care resulting from entry of this remedy with (ii) the hardships to petitioner and any minor child or dependent adult in petitioner's care resulting from continued exposure to the risk of abuse (should petitioner remain at the residence or household) or from loss of possession of the residence or household (should petitioner leave to avoid the risk of abuse). When determining the balance of hardships, the court shall also take into account the accessibility of the residence or household. Hardships need not be balanced if respondent does not have a right to occupancy.
            The balance of hardships is presumed to favor
        
possession by petitioner unless the presumption is rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence, showing that the hardships to respondent substantially outweigh the hardships to petitioner and any minor child or dependent adult in petitioner's care. The court, on the request of petitioner or on its own motion, may order respondent to provide suitable, accessible, alternate housing for petitioner instead of excluding respondent from a mutual residence or household.
        (3) Stay away order and additional prohibitions.
    
Order respondent to stay away from petitioner or any other person protected by the order of protection, or prohibit respondent from entering or remaining present at petitioner's school, place of employment, or other specified places at times when petitioner is present, or both, if reasonable, given the balance of hardships. Hardships need not be balanced for the court to enter a stay away order or prohibit entry if respondent has no right to enter the premises.
        If an order of protection grants petitioner exclusive
    
possession of the residence, or prohibits respondent from entering the residence, or orders respondent to stay away from petitioner or other protected persons, then the court may allow respondent access to the residence to remove items of clothing and personal adornment used exclusively by respondent, medications, and other items as the court directs. The right to access shall be exercised on only one occasion as the court directs and in the presence of an agreed-upon adult third party or law enforcement officer.
        (4) Counseling. Require or recommend the respondent
    
to undergo counseling for a specified duration with a social worker, psychologist, clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, family service agency, alcohol or substance abuse program, mental health center guidance counselor, agency providing services to elders, program designed for domestic violence abusers or any other guidance service the court deems appropriate. The court may order the respondent in any intimate partner relationship to report to an Illinois Department of Human Services protocol approved partner abuse intervention program for an assessment and to follow all recommended treatment.
        (5) Physical care and possession of the minor child.
    
In order to protect the minor child from abuse, neglect, or unwarranted separation from the person who has been the minor child's primary caretaker, or to otherwise protect the well-being of the minor child, the court may do either or both of the following: (i) grant petitioner physical care or possession of the minor child, or both, or (ii) order respondent to return a minor child to, or not remove a minor child from, the physical care of a parent or person in loco parentis.
        If a court finds, after a hearing, that respondent
    
has committed abuse (as defined in Section 112A-3) of a minor child, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that awarding physical care to respondent would not be in the minor child's best interest.
        (6) Temporary legal custody. Award temporary legal
    
custody to petitioner in accordance with this Section, the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, the Illinois Parentage Act of 1984, and this State's Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act.
        If a court finds, after a hearing, that respondent
    
has committed abuse (as defined in Section 112A-3) of a minor child, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that awarding temporary legal custody to respondent would not be in the child's best interest.
        (7) Visitation. Determine the visitation rights, if
    
any, of respondent in any case in which the court awards physical care or temporary legal custody of a minor child to petitioner. The court shall restrict or deny respondent's visitation with a minor child if the court finds that respondent has done or is likely to do any of the following: (i) abuse or endanger the minor child during visitation; (ii) use the visitation as an opportunity to abuse or harass petitioner or petitioner's family or household members; (iii) improperly conceal or detain the minor child; or (iv) otherwise act in a manner that is not in the best interests of the minor child. The court shall not be limited by the standards set forth in Section 607.1 of the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act. If the court grants visitation, the order shall specify dates and times for the visitation to take place or other specific parameters or conditions that are appropriate. No order for visitation shall refer merely to the term "reasonable visitation".
        Petitioner may deny respondent access to the minor
    
child if, when respondent arrives for visitation, respondent is under the influence of drugs or alcohol and constitutes a threat to the safety and well-being of petitioner or petitioner's minor children or is behaving in a violent or abusive manner.
        If necessary to protect any member of petitioner's
    
family or household from future abuse, respondent shall be prohibited from coming to petitioner's residence to meet the minor child for visitation, and the parties shall submit to the court their recommendations for reasonable alternative arrangements for visitation. A person may be approved to supervise visitation only after filing an affidavit accepting that responsibility and acknowledging accountability to the court.
        (8) Removal or concealment of minor child. Prohibit
    
respondent from removing a minor child from the State or concealing the child within the State.
        (9) Order to appear. Order the respondent to appear
    
in court, alone or with a minor child, to prevent abuse, neglect, removal or concealment of the child, to return the child to the custody or care of the petitioner or to permit any court-ordered interview or examination of the child or the respondent.
        (10) Possession of personal property. Grant
    
petitioner exclusive possession of personal property and, if respondent has possession or control, direct respondent to promptly make it available to petitioner, if:
            (i) petitioner, but not respondent, owns the
        
property; or
            (ii) the parties own the property jointly;
        
sharing it would risk abuse of petitioner by respondent or is impracticable; and the balance of hardships favors temporary possession by petitioner.
        If petitioner's sole claim to ownership of the
    
property is that it is marital property, the court may award petitioner temporary possession thereof under the standards of subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph only if a proper proceeding has been filed under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended.
        No order under this provision shall affect title to
    
property.
        (11) Protection of property. Forbid the respondent
    
from taking, transferring, encumbering, concealing, damaging or otherwise disposing of any real or personal property, except as explicitly authorized by the court, if:
            (i) petitioner, but not respondent, owns the
        
property; or
            (ii) the parties own the property jointly, and
        
the balance of hardships favors granting this remedy.
        If petitioner's sole claim to ownership of the
    
property is that it is marital property, the court may grant petitioner relief under subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph only if a proper proceeding has been filed under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended.
        The court may further prohibit respondent from
    
improperly using the financial or other resources of an aged member of the family or household for the profit or advantage of respondent or of any other person.
        (11.5) Protection of animals. Grant the petitioner
    
the exclusive care, custody, or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept, or held by either the petitioner or the respondent or a minor child residing in the residence or household of either the petitioner or the respondent and order the respondent to stay away from the animal and forbid the respondent from taking, transferring, encumbering, concealing, harming, or otherwise disposing of the animal.
        (12) Order for payment of support. Order respondent
    
to pay temporary support for the petitioner or any child in the petitioner's care or custody, when the respondent has a legal obligation to support that person, in accordance with the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, which shall govern, among other matters, the amount of support, payment through the clerk and withholding of income to secure payment. An order for child support may be granted to a petitioner with lawful physical care or custody of a child, or an order or agreement for physical care or custody, prior to entry of an order for legal custody. Such a support order shall expire upon entry of a valid order granting legal custody to another, unless otherwise provided in the custody order.
        (13) Order for payment of losses. Order respondent to
    
pay petitioner for losses suffered as a direct result of the abuse. Such losses shall include, but not be limited to, medical expenses, lost earnings or other support, repair or replacement of property damaged or taken, reasonable attorney's fees, court costs and moving or other travel expenses, including additional reasonable expenses for temporary shelter and restaurant meals.
            (i) Losses affecting family needs. If a party is
        
entitled to seek maintenance, child support or property distribution from the other party under the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, as now or hereafter amended, the court may order respondent to reimburse petitioner's actual losses, to the extent that such reimbursement would be "appropriate temporary relief", as authorized by subsection (a)(3) of Section 501 of that Act.
            (ii) Recovery of expenses. In the case of an
        
improper concealment or removal of a minor child, the court may order respondent to pay the reasonable expenses incurred or to be incurred in the search for and recovery of the minor child, including but not limited to legal fees, court costs, private investigator fees, and travel costs.
        (14) Prohibition of entry. Prohibit the respondent
    
from entering or remaining in the residence or household while the respondent is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and constitutes a threat to the safety and well-being of the petitioner or the petitioner's children.
        (14.5) Prohibition of firearm possession.
            (A) A person who is subject to an existing order
        
of protection, interim order of protection, emergency order of protection, or plenary order of protection, issued under this Code may not lawfully possess weapons under Section 8.2 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act.
            (B) Any firearms in the possession of the
        
respondent, except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph (14.5), shall be ordered by the court to be turned over to a person with a valid Firearm Owner's Identification Card for safekeeping. The court shall issue an order that the respondent's Firearm Owner's Identification Card be turned over to the local law enforcement agency, which in turn shall immediately mail the card to the Department of State Police Firearm Owner's Identification Card Office for safekeeping. The period of safekeeping shall be for the duration of the order of protection. The firearm or firearms and Firearm Owner's Identification Card, if unexpired, shall at the respondent's request be returned to the respondent at expiration of the order of protection.
            (C) If the respondent is a peace officer as
        
defined in Section 2-13 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the court shall order that any firearms used by the respondent in the performance of his or her duties as a peace officer be surrendered to the chief law enforcement executive of the agency in which the respondent is employed, who shall retain the firearms for safekeeping for the duration of the order of protection.
            (D) Upon expiration of the period of
        
safekeeping, if the firearms or Firearm Owner's Identification Card cannot be returned to respondent because respondent cannot be located, fails to respond to requests to retrieve the firearms, or is not lawfully eligible to possess a firearm, upon petition from the local law enforcement agency, the court may order the local law enforcement agency to destroy the firearms, use the firearms for training purposes, or for any other application as deemed appropriate by the local law enforcement agency; or that the firearms be turned over to a third party who is lawfully eligible to possess firearms, and who does not reside with respondent.
        (15) Prohibition of access to records. If an order
    
of protection prohibits respondent from having contact with the minor child, or if petitioner's address is omitted under subsection (b) of Section 112A-5, or if necessary to prevent abuse or wrongful removal or concealment of a minor child, the order shall deny respondent access to, and prohibit respondent from inspecting, obtaining, or attempting to inspect or obtain, school or any other records of the minor child who is in the care of petitioner.
        (16) Order for payment of shelter services. Order
    
respondent to reimburse a shelter providing temporary housing and counseling services to the petitioner for the cost of the services, as certified by the shelter and deemed reasonable by the court.
        (17) Order for injunctive relief. Enter injunctive
    
relief necessary or appropriate to prevent further abuse of a family or household member or to effectuate one of the granted remedies, if supported by the balance of hardships. If the harm to be prevented by the injunction is abuse or any other harm that one of the remedies listed in paragraphs (1) through (16) of this subsection is designed to prevent, no further evidence is necessary to establish that the harm is an irreparable injury.
    (c) Relevant factors; findings.
        (1) In determining whether to grant a specific
    
remedy, other than payment of support, the court shall consider relevant factors, including but not limited to the following:
            (i) the nature, frequency, severity, pattern and
        
consequences of the respondent's past abuse of the petitioner or any family or household member, including the concealment of his or her location in order to evade service of process or notice, and the likelihood of danger of future abuse to petitioner or any member of petitioner's or respondent's family or household; and
            (ii) the danger that any minor child will be
        
abused or neglected or improperly removed from the jurisdiction, improperly concealed within the State or improperly separated from the child's primary caretaker.
        (2) In comparing relative hardships resulting to the
    
parties from loss of possession of the family home, the court shall consider relevant factors, including but not limited to the following:
            (i) availability, accessibility, cost, safety,
        
adequacy, location and other characteristics of alternate housing for each party and any minor child or dependent adult in the party's care;
            (ii) the effect on the party's employment; and
            (iii) the effect on the relationship of the
        
party, and any minor child or dependent adult in the party's care, to family, school, church and community.
        (3) Subject to the exceptions set forth in paragraph
    
(4) of this subsection, the court shall make its findings in an official record or in writing, and shall at a minimum set forth the following:
            (i) That the court has considered the applicable
        
relevant factors described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection.
            (ii) Whether the conduct or actions of
        
respondent, unless prohibited, will likely cause irreparable harm or continued abuse.
            (iii) Whether it is necessary to grant the
        
requested relief in order to protect petitioner or other alleged abused persons.
        (4) For purposes of issuing an ex parte emergency
    
order of protection, the court, as an alternative to or as a supplement to making the findings described in paragraphs (c)(3)(i) through (c)(3)(iii) of this subsection, may use the following procedure:
        When a verified petition for an emergency order of
    
protection in accordance with the requirements of Sections 112A-5 and 112A-17 is presented to the court, the court shall examine petitioner on oath or affirmation. An emergency order of protection shall be issued by the court if it appears from the contents of the petition and the examination of petitioner that the averments are sufficient to indicate abuse by respondent and to support the granting of relief under the issuance of the emergency order of protection.
        (5) Never married parties. No rights or
    
responsibilities for a minor child born outside of marriage attach to a putative father until a father and child relationship has been established under the Illinois Parentage Act of 1984. Absent such an adjudication, no putative father shall be granted temporary custody of the minor child, visitation with the minor child, or physical care and possession of the minor child, nor shall an order of payment for support of the minor child be entered.
    (d) Balance of hardships; findings. If the court finds that the balance of hardships does not support the granting of a remedy governed by paragraph (2), (3), (10), (11), or (16) of subsection (b) of this Section, which may require such balancing, the court's findings shall so indicate and shall include a finding as to whether granting the remedy will result in hardship to respondent that would substantially outweigh the hardship to petitioner from denial of the remedy. The findings shall be an official record or in writing.
    (e) Denial of remedies. Denial of any remedy shall not be based, in whole or in part, on evidence that:
        (1) Respondent has cause for any use of force, unless
    
that cause satisfies the standards for justifiable use of force provided by Article 7 of the Criminal Code of 2012;
        (2) Respondent was voluntarily intoxicated;
        (3) Petitioner acted in self-defense or defense of
    
another, provided that, if petitioner utilized force, such force was justifiable under Article 7 of the Criminal Code of 2012;
        (4) Petitioner did not act in self-defense or defense
    
of another;
        (5) Petitioner left the residence or household to
    
avoid further abuse by respondent;
        (6) Petitioner did not leave the residence or
    
household to avoid further abuse by respondent;
        (7) Conduct by any family or household member excused
    
the abuse by respondent, unless that same conduct would have excused such abuse if the parties had not been family or household members.
(Source: P.A. 97-158, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1131, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-63, eff. 7-9-13.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-15

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-15) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-15)
    Sec. 112A-15. Mutual orders of protection; correlative separate orders. Mutual orders of protection are prohibited. Correlative separate orders of protection undermine the purposes of this Article. If separate orders of protection in a criminal or delinquency case are sought, there must be compliance with Section 112A-2. Nothing in this Section prohibits a party from seeking a civil order of protection.
    If correlative separate orders of protection result after being sought in separate criminal or delinquency actions in accordance with Section 112A-2, that fact shall not be a sufficient basis to deny any remedy to either petitioner or to prove that the parties are equally at fault or equally endangered.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-16

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-16) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-16)
    Sec. 112A-16. Accountability for Actions of Others. For the purposes of issuing an order of protection, deciding what remedies should be included and enforcing the order, Article 5 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall govern whether respondent is legally accountable for the conduct of another person.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-17

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-17) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-17)
    Sec. 112A-17. Emergency order of protection.
    (a) Prerequisites. An emergency order of protection shall issue if petitioner satisfies the requirements of this subsection for one or more of the requested remedies. For each remedy requested, petitioner shall establish that:
        (1) The court has jurisdiction under Section 112A-9;
        (2) The requirements of Section 112A-14 are
    
satisfied; and
        (3) There is good cause to grant the remedy,
    
regardless of prior service of process or of notice upon the respondent, because:
            (i) For the remedies of "prohibition of abuse"
        
described in Section 112A-14(b)(1), "stay away order and additional prohibitions" described in Section 112A-14(b)(3), "removal or concealment of minor child" described in Section 112A-14(b)(8), "order to appear" described in Section 112A-14(b)(9), "physical care and possession of the minor child" described in Section 112A-14(b)(5), "protection of property" described in Section 112A-14(b)(11), "prohibition of entry" described in Section 112A-14(b)(14), "prohibition of firearm possession" described in Section 112A-14(b)(14.5), "prohibition of access to records" described in Section 112A-14(b)(15), and "injunctive relief" described in Section 112A-14(b)(16), the harm which that remedy is intended to prevent would be likely to occur if the respondent were given any prior notice, or greater notice than was actually given, of the petitioner's efforts to obtain judicial relief;
            (ii) For the remedy of "grant of exclusive
        
possession of residence" described in Section 112A-14(b)(2), the immediate danger of further abuse of petitioner by respondent, if petitioner chooses or had chosen to remain in the residence or household while respondent was given any prior notice or greater notice than was actually given of petitioner's efforts to obtain judicial relief, outweighs the hardships to respondent of an emergency order granting petitioner exclusive possession of the residence or household. This remedy shall not be denied because petitioner has or could obtain temporary shelter elsewhere while prior notice is given to respondent, unless the hardships to respondent from exclusion from the home substantially outweigh those to petitioner.
            (iii) For the remedy of "possession of personal
        
property" described in Section 112A-14(b)(10), improper disposition of the personal property would be likely to occur if respondent were given any prior notice, or greater notice than was actually given, of petitioner's efforts to obtain judicial relief, or petitioner has an immediate and pressing need for possession of that property.
    An emergency order may not include the counseling, legal custody, payment of support or monetary compensation remedies.
    (b) Appearance by respondent. If respondent appears in court for this hearing for an emergency order, he or she may elect to file a general appearance and testify. Any resulting order may be an emergency order, governed by this Section. Notwithstanding the requirements of this Section, if all requirements of Section 112A-18 have been met, the Court may issue a 30-day interim order.
    (c) Emergency orders: court holidays and evenings.
        (1) Prerequisites. When the court is unavailable at
    
the close of business, the petitioner may file a petition for a 21-day emergency order before any available circuit judge or associate judge who may grant relief under this Article. If the judge finds that there is an immediate and present danger of abuse to petitioner and that petitioner has satisfied the prerequisites set forth in subsection (a) of Section 112A-17, that judge may issue an emergency order of protection.
        (1.5) Issuance of order. The chief judge of the
    
circuit court may designate for each county in the circuit at least one judge to be reasonably available to issue orally, by telephone, by facsimile, or otherwise, an emergency order of protection at all times, whether or not the court is in session.
        (2) Certification and transfer. The judge who issued
    
the order under this Section shall promptly communicate or convey the order to the sheriff to facilitate the entry of the order into the Law Enforcement Agencies Data System by the Department of State Police pursuant to Section 112A-28. Any order issued under this Section and any documentation in support thereof shall be certified on the next court day to the appropriate court. The clerk of that court shall immediately assign a case number, file the petition, order and other documents with the court and enter the order of record and file it with the sheriff for service, in accordance with Section 112A-22. Filing the petition shall commence proceedings for further relief, under Section 112A-2. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall not affect the validity of the order.
(Source: P.A. 96-1239, eff. 1-1-11; 96-1241, eff. 1-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-18

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-18) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-18)
    Sec. 112A-18. 30-Day interim order of protection.
    (a) Prerequisites. An interim order of protection shall issue if petitioner has served notice of the hearing for that order on respondent, in accordance with Section 112A-11, and satisfies the requirements of this subsection for one or more of the requested remedies. For each remedy requested, petitioner shall establish that:
        (1) The court has jurisdiction under Section 112A-9;
        (2) The requirements of Section 112A-14 are
    
satisfied; and
        (3) A general appearance was made or filed by or for
    
respondent; or process was served on respondent in the manner required by Section 112A-10; or the petitioner is diligently attempting to complete the required service of process.
    An interim order may not include the counseling, payment of support or monetary compensation remedies, unless the respondent has filed a general appearance or has been personally served.
    (b) Appearance by respondent. If respondent appears in court for this hearing for an interim order, he or she may elect to file a general appearance and testify. Any resulting order may be an interim order, governed by this Section. Notwithstanding the requirements of this Section, if all requirements of Section 112A-19 have been met, the Court may issue a plenary order of protection.
(Source: P.A. 87-1186.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-19

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-19) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-19)
    Sec. 112A-19. Plenary Order of Protection. A plenary order of protection shall issue if petitioner has served notice of the hearing for that order on respondent, in accordance with Section 112A-11, and satisfies the requirements of this Section for one or more of the requested remedies. For each remedy requested, petitioner must establish that:
    (1) The court has jurisdiction under Section 112A-9;
    (2) The requirements of Section 112A-14 are satisfied; and
    (3) A general appearance was made or filed by or for respondent or process was served on respondent in the manner required by Section 112A-10; and
    (4) Respondent has answered or is in default.
(Source: P.A. 84-1305.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-20

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-20) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-20)
    Sec. 112A-20. Duration and extension of orders.
    (a) Duration of emergency and interim orders. Unless re-opened or extended or voided by entry of an order of greater duration:
        (1) Emergency orders issued under Section 112A-17
    
shall be effective for not less than 14 nor more than 21 days;
        (2) Interim orders shall be effective for up to 30
    
days.
    (b) Duration of plenary orders. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, a plenary order of protection shall be valid for a fixed period of time not to exceed 2 years. A plenary order of protection entered in conjunction with a criminal prosecution shall remain in effect as follows:
        (1) if entered during pre-trial release, until
    
disposition, withdrawal, or dismissal of the underlying charge; if, however, the case is continued as an independent cause of action, the order's duration may be for a fixed period of time not to exceed 2 years;
        (2) if in effect in conjunction with a bond
    
forfeiture warrant, until final disposition or an additional period of time not exceeding 2 years; no order of protection, however, shall be terminated by a dismissal that is accompanied by the issuance of a bond forfeiture warrant;
        (3) until expiration of any supervision, conditional
    
discharge, probation, periodic imprisonment, parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release and for an additional period of time thereafter not exceeding 2 years; or
        (4) until the date set by the court for expiration of
    
any sentence of imprisonment and subsequent parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release and for an additional period of time thereafter not exceeding 2 years.
    (c) Computation of time. The duration of an order of protection shall not be reduced by the duration of any prior order of protection.
    (d) Law enforcement records. When a plenary order of protection expires upon the occurrence of a specified event, rather than upon a specified date as provided in subsection (b), no expiration date shall be entered in Department of State Police records. To remove the plenary order from those records, either party shall request the clerk of the court to file a certified copy of an order stating that the specified event has occurred or that the plenary order has been vacated or modified with the sheriff, and the sheriff shall direct that law enforcement records shall be promptly corrected in accordance with the filed order.
    (e) Extension of Orders. Any emergency, interim or plenary order of protection may be extended one or more times, as required, provided that the requirements of Section 112A-17, 112A-18 or 112A-19, as appropriate, are satisfied. If the motion for extension is uncontested and petitioner seeks no modification of the order, the order may be extended on the basis of petitioner's motion or affidavit stating that there has been no material change in relevant circumstances since entry of the order and stating the reason for the requested extension. An extension of a plenary order of protection may be granted, upon good cause shown, to remain in effect until the order of protection is vacated or modified. Extensions may be granted only in open court and not under the provisions of Section 112A-17(c), which applies only when the court is unavailable at the close of business or on a court holiday.
    (f) Termination date. Any order of protection which would expire on a court holiday shall instead expire at the close of the next court business day.
    (g) Statement of purpose. The practice of dismissing or suspending a criminal prosecution in exchange for issuing an order of protection undermines the purposes of this Article. This Section shall not be construed as encouraging that practice.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/112A-21

    (725 ILCS 5/112A-21) (from Ch. 38, par. 112A-21)
    Sec. 112A-21. Contents of orders.
    (a) Any order of protection shall describe, in reasonable detail and not by reference to any other document, the following:
        (1) Each remedy granted by the court, in reasonable
    
detail and not by reference to any other document, so that respondent may clearly understand what he or she must do or refrain from doing. Pre-printed form orders of protection shall include the definitions of the types of abuse, as provided in Section 112A-3. Remedies set forth in pre-printed form orders shall be numbered consistently with and corresponding to the numerical sequence of remedies listed in Section 112A-14 (at least as of the date the form orders are printed).
        (2) The reason for denial of petitioner's request for
    
any remedy listed in Section 112A-14.
    (b) An order of protection shall further state the following:
        (1) The name of each petitioner that the court finds
    
was abused by respondent, and that respondent is a member of the family or household of each such petitioner, and the name of each other person protected by the order and that such person is protected by this Act.
        (2) For any remedy requested by petitioner on which
    
the court has declined to rule, that that remedy is reserved.
        (3) The date and time the order of protection was
    
issued, whether it is an emergency, interim or plenary order and the duration of the order.
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