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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(720 ILCS 5/) Criminal Code of 2012.

720 ILCS 5/Art. 34

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 34 heading)
ARTICLE 34. CONSTRUCTION AND EFFECTIVE DATE

720 ILCS 5/34-1

    (720 ILCS 5/34-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 34-1)
    Sec. 34-1. Effect of headings. Section, Article, and Title headings contained herein shall not be deemed to govern, limit, modify or in any manner affect the scope, meaning, or intent of the provisions of any Section, Article, or Title hereof.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

720 ILCS 5/34-2

    (720 ILCS 5/34-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 34-2)
    Sec. 34-2. Partial invalidity.
    The invalidity of any provision of this Code shall not affect the validity of the remainder of this Code.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 1983.)

720 ILCS 5/34-3

    (720 ILCS 5/34-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 34-3)
    Sec. 34-3. Savings provisions; continuation of prior Statutes.
    The provisions of Sections 2, 3 and 4 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to the construction of the Statutes", approved March 5, 1874, as amended, shall apply in all constructions of this Code.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 1983.)

720 ILCS 5/34-4

    (720 ILCS 5/34-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 34-4)
    Sec. 34-4. Effective date.
    This Code shall take effect January 1, 1962.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 1983.)

720 ILCS 5/Tit. V

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Tit. V heading)
TITLE V. ADDED ARTICLES

720 ILCS 5/Art. 36

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 36 heading)
ARTICLE 36. SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE
OF VESSELS, VEHICLES AND AIRCRAFT

720 ILCS 5/36-1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-1)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1. Seizure.
    (a) Any vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft may be seized and impounded by the law enforcement agency if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is used with the knowledge and consent of the owner in the commission of or in the attempt to commit as defined in Section 8-4 of this Code:
        (1) an offense prohibited by Section 9-1 (first
    
degree murder), Section 9-3 (involuntary manslaughter and reckless homicide), Section 10-2 (aggravated kidnaping), Section 11-1.20 (criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.30 (aggravated criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.40 (predatory criminal sexual assault of a child), subsection (a) of Section 11-1.50 (criminal sexual abuse), subsection (a), (c), or (d) of Section 11-1.60 (aggravated criminal sexual abuse), Section 11-6 (indecent solicitation of a child), Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution except for keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), Section 11-20.1 (child pornography), paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(4), (b)(1), (b)(2), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4), (e)(5), (e)(6), or (e)(7) of Section 12-3.05 (aggravated battery), Section 12-7.3 (stalking), Section 12-7.4 (aggravated stalking), Section 16-1 (theft if the theft is of precious metal or of scrap metal), subdivision (f)(2) or (f)(3) of Section 16-25 (retail theft), Section 18-2 (armed robbery), Section 19-1 (burglary), Section 19-2 (possession of burglary tools), Section 19-3 (residential burglary), Section 20-1 (arson; residential arson; place of worship arson), Section 20-2 (possession of explosives or explosive or incendiary devices), subdivision (a)(6) or (a)(7) of Section 24-1 (unlawful use of weapons), Section 24-1.2 (aggravated discharge of a firearm), Section 24-1.2-5 (aggravated discharge of a machine gun or a firearm equipped with a device designed or used for silencing the report of a firearm), Section 24-1.5 (reckless discharge of a firearm), Section 28-1 (gambling), or Section 29D-15.2 (possession of a deadly substance) of this Code;
        (2) an offense prohibited by Section 21, 22, 23, 24
    
or 26 of the Cigarette Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (3) an offense prohibited by Section 28, 29, or 30
    
of the Cigarette Use Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (4) an offense prohibited by Section 44 of the
    
Environmental Protection Act;
        (5) an offense prohibited by Section 11-204.1 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer);
        (6) an offense prohibited by Section 11-501 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof) or a similar provision of a local ordinance, and:
            (A) during a period in which his or her driving
        
privileges are revoked or suspended if the revocation or suspension was for:
                (i) Section 11-501 (driving under the
            
influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof),
                (ii) Section 11-501.1 (statutory summary
            
suspension or revocation),
                (iii) paragraph (b) of Section 11-401 (motor
            
vehicle accidents involving death or personal injuries), or
                (iv) reckless homicide as defined in Section
            
9-3 of this Code;
            (B) has been previously convicted of reckless
        
homicide or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of driving under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof and was involved in a motor vehicle accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries;
            (C) the person committed a violation of driving
        
under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof under Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time;
            (D) he or she did not possess a valid
        
driver's license or permit or a valid restricted driving permit or a valid judicial driving permit or a valid monitoring device driving permit; or
            (E) he or she knew or should have known that the
        
vehicle he or she was driving was not covered by a liability insurance policy;
        (7) an offense described in subsection (g) of Section
    
6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        (8) an offense described in subsection (e) of Section
    
6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; or
        (9)(A) operating a watercraft under the influence of
    
alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act during a period in which his or her privileges to operate a watercraft are revoked or suspended and the revocation or suspension was for operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof; (B) operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and has been previously convicted of reckless homicide or a similar provision of a law in another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and was involved in an accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries; or (C) the person committed a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time.
    (b) In addition, any mobile or portable equipment used in the commission of an act which is in violation of Section 7g of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Act shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels or watercraft, vehicles, and aircraft, and any such equipment shall be deemed a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft for purposes of this Article.
    (c) In addition, when a person discharges a firearm at another individual from a vehicle with the knowledge and consent of the owner of the vehicle and with the intent to cause death or great bodily harm to that individual and as a result causes death or great bodily harm to that individual, the vehicle shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vehicles used in violations of clauses (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) of this Section.
    (d) If the spouse of the owner of a vehicle seized for an offense described in subsection (g) of Section 6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of subdivision (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(D), (d)(1)(G), (d)(1)(H), or (d)(1)(I) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or Section 9-3 of this Code makes a showing that the seized vehicle is the only source of transportation and it is determined that the financial hardship to the family as a result of the seizure outweighs the benefit to the State from the seizure, the vehicle may be forfeited to the spouse or family member and the title to the vehicle shall be transferred to the spouse or family member who is properly licensed and who requires the use of the vehicle for employment or family transportation purposes. A written declaration of forfeiture of a vehicle under this Section shall be sufficient cause for the title to be transferred to the spouse or family member. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to one forfeiture per vehicle. If the vehicle is the subject of a subsequent forfeiture proceeding by virtue of a subsequent conviction of either spouse or the family member, the spouse or family member to whom the vehicle was forfeited under the first forfeiture proceeding may not utilize the provisions of this paragraph in another forfeiture proceeding. If the owner of the vehicle seized owns more than one vehicle, the procedure set out in this paragraph may be used for only one vehicle.
    (e) In addition, property declared contraband under Section 40 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act may be seized and forfeited under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15; 98-1020, eff. 8-22-14; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1. Property subject to forfeiture.
    (a) Any vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is subject to forfeiture under this Article if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is used with the knowledge and consent of the owner in the commission of or in the attempt to commit as defined in Section 8-4 of this Code:
        (1) an offense prohibited by Section 9-1 (first
    
degree murder), Section 9-3 (involuntary manslaughter and reckless homicide), Section 10-2 (aggravated kidnaping), Section 11-1.20 (criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.30 (aggravated criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.40 (predatory criminal sexual assault of a child), subsection (a) of Section 11-1.50 (criminal sexual abuse), subsection (a), (c), or (d) of Section 11-1.60 (aggravated criminal sexual abuse), Section 11-6 (indecent solicitation of a child), Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution except for keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), Section 11-20.1 (child pornography), paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(4), (b)(1), (b)(2), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4), (e)(5), (e)(6), or (e)(7) of Section 12-3.05 (aggravated battery), Section 12-7.3 (stalking), Section 12-7.4 (aggravated stalking), Section 16-1 (theft if the theft is of precious metal or of scrap metal), subdivision (f)(2) or (f)(3) of Section 16-25 (retail theft), Section 18-2 (armed robbery), Section 19-1 (burglary), Section 19-2 (possession of burglary tools), Section 19-3 (residential burglary), Section 20-1 (arson; residential arson; place of worship arson), Section 20-2 (possession of explosives or explosive or incendiary devices), subdivision (a)(6) or (a)(7) of Section 24-1 (unlawful use of weapons), Section 24-1.2 (aggravated discharge of a firearm), Section 24-1.2-5 (aggravated discharge of a machine gun or a firearm equipped with a device designed or used for silencing the report of a firearm), Section 24-1.5 (reckless discharge of a firearm), Section 28-1 (gambling), or Section 29D-15.2 (possession of a deadly substance) of this Code;
        (2) an offense prohibited by Section 21, 22, 23, 24
    
or 26 of the Cigarette Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (3) an offense prohibited by Section 28, 29, or 30
    
of the Cigarette Use Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (4) an offense prohibited by Section 44 of the
    
Environmental Protection Act;
        (5) an offense prohibited by Section 11-204.1 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer);
        (6) an offense prohibited by Section 11-501 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof) or a similar provision of a local ordinance, and:
            (A) during a period in which his or her driving
        
privileges are revoked or suspended if the revocation or suspension was for:
                (i) Section 11-501 (driving under the
            
influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof),
                (ii) Section 11-501.1 (statutory summary
            
suspension or revocation),
                (iii) paragraph (b) of Section 11-401 (motor
            
vehicle accidents involving death or personal injuries), or
                (iv) reckless homicide as defined in Section
            
9-3 of this Code;
            (B) has been previously convicted of reckless
        
homicide or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of driving under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof and was involved in a motor vehicle accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries;
            (C) the person committed a violation of driving
        
under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof under Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time;
            (D) he or she did not possess a valid
        
driver's license or permit or a valid restricted driving permit or a valid judicial driving permit or a valid monitoring device driving permit; or
            (E) he or she knew or should have known that the
        
vehicle he or she was driving was not covered by a liability insurance policy;
        (7) an offense described in subsection (g) of Section
    
6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        (8) an offense described in subsection (e) of Section
    
6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; or
        (9)(A) operating a watercraft under the influence of
    
alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act during a period in which his or her privileges to operate a watercraft are revoked or suspended and the revocation or suspension was for operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof; (B) operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and has been previously convicted of reckless homicide or a similar provision of a law in another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and was involved in an accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries; or (C) the person committed a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time.
    (b) In addition, any mobile or portable equipment used in the commission of an act which is in violation of Section 7g of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Act shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels or watercraft, vehicles, and aircraft, and any such equipment shall be deemed a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft for purposes of this Article.
    (c) In addition, when a person discharges a firearm at another individual from a vehicle with the knowledge and consent of the owner of the vehicle and with the intent to cause death or great bodily harm to that individual and as a result causes death or great bodily harm to that individual, the vehicle shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vehicles used in violations of clauses (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) of this Section.
    (d) If the spouse of the owner of a vehicle seized for an offense described in subsection (g) of Section 6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of subdivision (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(D), (d)(1)(G), (d)(1)(H), or (d)(1)(I) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or Section 9-3 of this Code makes a showing that the seized vehicle is the only source of transportation and it is determined that the financial hardship to the family as a result of the seizure outweighs the benefit to the State from the seizure, the vehicle may be forfeited to the spouse or family member and the title to the vehicle shall be transferred to the spouse or family member who is properly licensed and who requires the use of the vehicle for employment or family transportation purposes. A written declaration of forfeiture of a vehicle under this Section shall be sufficient cause for the title to be transferred to the spouse or family member. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to one forfeiture per vehicle. If the vehicle is the subject of a subsequent forfeiture proceeding by virtue of a subsequent conviction of either spouse or the family member, the spouse or family member to whom the vehicle was forfeited under the first forfeiture proceeding may not utilize the provisions of this paragraph in another forfeiture proceeding. If the owner of the vehicle seized owns more than one vehicle, the procedure set out in this paragraph may be used for only one vehicle.
    (e) In addition, property subject to forfeiture under Section 40 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act may be seized and forfeited under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.1. Seizure.
    (a) Any property subject to forfeiture under this Article may be seized and impounded by the Director of State Police or any peace officer upon process or seizure warrant issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property.
    (b) Any property subject to forfeiture under this Article may be seized and impounded by the Director of State Police or any peace officer without process if there is probable cause to believe that the property is subject to forfeiture under Section 36-1 of this Article and the property is seized under circumstances in which a warrantless seizure or arrest would be reasonable.
    (c) If the seized property is a conveyance, an investigation shall be made by the law enforcement agency as to any person whose right, title, interest, or lien is of record in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded.
    (d) After seizure under this Section, notice shall be given to all known interest holders that forfeiture proceedings, including a preliminary review, may be instituted and the proceedings may be instituted under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.2

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.2)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.2. Receipt for seized property. If a law enforcement officer seizes property for forfeiture under this Article, the officer shall provide an itemized receipt to the person possessing the property or, in the absence of a person to whom the receipt could be given, shall leave the receipt in the place where the property was found, if possible.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.3

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.3)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.3. Safekeeping of seized property pending disposition.
    (a) Property seized under this Article is deemed to be in the custody of the Director of State Police subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney under this Article.
    (b) If property is seized under this Article, the seizing agency shall promptly conduct an inventory of the seized property and estimate the property's value, and shall forward a copy of the inventory of seized property and the estimate of the property's value to the Director of State Police. Upon receiving notice of seizure, the Director of State Police may:
        (1) place the property under seal;
        (2) remove the property to a place designated by the
    
Director of State Police;
        (3) keep the property in the possession of the
    
seizing agency;
        (4) remove the property to a storage area for
    
safekeeping; or
        (5) place the property under constructive seizure by
    
posting notice of pending forfeiture on it, by giving notice of pending forfeiture to its owners and interest holders, or by filing notice of pending forfeiture in any appropriate public record relating to the property; or
        (6) provide for another agency or custodian,
    
including an owner, secured party, or lienholder, to take custody of the property upon the terms and conditions set by the seizing agency.
    (c) The seizing agency shall exercise ordinary care to protect the subject of the forfeiture from negligent loss, damage, or destruction.
    (d) Property seized or forfeited under this Article is subject to reporting under the Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.4

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.4)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.4. Notice to State's Attorney. The law enforcement agency seizing property for forfeiture under this Article shall, as soon as practicable but not later than 28 days after the seizure, notify the State's Attorney for the county in which an act or omission giving rise to the seizure occurred or in which the property was seized and the facts and circumstances giving rise to the seizure, and shall provide the State's Attorney with the inventory of the property and its estimated value. The notice shall be by the delivery of the form 4-64. If the property seized for forfeiture is a vehicle, the law enforcement agency seizing the property shall immediately notify the Secretary of State that forfeiture proceedings are pending regarding the vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)