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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.


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720 ILCS 5/17-52

    (720 ILCS 5/17-52) (was 720 ILCS 5/16D-4)
    Sec. 17-52. Aggravated computer tampering.
    (a) A person commits aggravated computer tampering when he or she commits computer tampering as set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of Section 17-51 and he or she knowingly:
        (1) causes disruption of or interference with vital
    
services or operations of State or local government or a public utility; or
        (2) creates a strong probability of death or great
    
bodily harm to one or more individuals.
    (b) Sentence.
        (1) A person who commits aggravated computer
    
tampering as set forth in paragraph (a)(1) of this Section is guilty of a Class 3 felony.
        (2) A person who commits aggravated computer
    
tampering as set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this Section is guilty of a Class 2 felony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/17-52.5

    (720 ILCS 5/17-52.5) (was 720 ILCS 5/16D-5.5)
    Sec. 17-52.5. Unlawful use of encryption.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section:
        "Computer" means an electronic device which performs
    
logical, arithmetic, and memory functions by manipulations of electronic or magnetic impulses and includes all equipment related to the computer in a system or network.
        "Computer contaminant" means any data, information,
    
image, program, signal, or sound that is designated or has the capability to: (1) contaminate, corrupt, consume, damage, destroy, disrupt, modify, record, or transmit; or (2) cause to be contaminated, corrupted, consumed, damaged, destroyed, disrupted, modified, recorded, or transmitted, any other data, information, image, program, signal, or sound contained in a computer, system, or network without the knowledge or consent of the person who owns the other data, information, image, program, signal, or sound or the computer, system, or network.
        "Computer contaminant" includes, without limitation:
    
(1) a virus, worm, or Trojan horse; (2) spyware that tracks computer activity and is capable of recording and transmitting such information to third parties; or (3) any other similar data, information, image, program, signal, or sound that is designed or has the capability to prevent, impede, delay, or disrupt the normal operation or use of any component, device, equipment, system, or network.
        "Encryption" means the use of any protective or
    
disruptive measure, including, without limitation, cryptography, enciphering, encoding, or a computer contaminant, to: (1) prevent, impede, delay, or disrupt access to any data, information, image, program, signal, or sound; (2) cause or make any data, information, image, program, signal, or sound unintelligible or unusable; or (3) prevent, impede, delay, or disrupt the normal operation or use of any component, device, equipment, system, or network.
        "Network" means a set of related, remotely connected
    
devices and facilities, including more than one system, with the capability to transmit data among any of the devices and facilities. The term includes, without limitation, a local, regional, or global computer network.
        "Program" means an ordered set of data representing
    
coded instructions or statements which can be executed by a computer and cause the computer to perform one or more tasks.
        "System" means a set of related equipment, whether or
    
not connected, which is used with or for a computer.
    (b) A person shall not knowingly use or attempt to use encryption, directly or indirectly, to:
        (1) commit, facilitate, further, or promote any
    
criminal offense;
        (2) aid, assist, or encourage another person to
    
commit any criminal offense;
        (3) conceal evidence of the commission of any
    
criminal offense; or
        (4) conceal or protect the identity of a person who
    
has committed any criminal offense.
    (c) Telecommunications carriers and information service providers are not liable under this Section, except for willful and wanton misconduct, for providing encryption services used by others in violation of this Section.
    (d) Sentence. A person who violates this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor, unless the encryption was used or attempted to be used to commit an offense for which a greater penalty is provided by law. If the encryption was used or attempted to be used to commit an offense for which a greater penalty is provided by law, the person shall be punished as prescribed by law for that offense.
    (e) A person who violates this Section commits a criminal offense that is separate and distinct from any other criminal offense and may be prosecuted and convicted under this Section whether or not the person or any other person is or has been prosecuted or convicted for any other criminal offense arising out of the same facts as the violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-942, eff. 1-1-09; 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/17-54

    (720 ILCS 5/17-54) (was 720 ILCS 5/16D-7)
    Sec. 17-54. Evidence of lack of authority. For the purposes of Sections 17-50 through 17-52, the trier of fact may infer that a person accessed a computer without the authorization of its owner or in excess of the authority granted if the person accesses or causes to be accessed a computer, which access requires a confidential or proprietary code which has not been issued to or authorized for use by that person. This Section does not apply to a person who acquires access in compliance with the Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act (2015).
(Source: P.A. 99-775, eff. 8-12-16.)

720 ILCS 5/17-55

    (720 ILCS 5/17-55)
    Sec. 17-55. Definitions. For the purposes of Sections 17-50 through 17-53:
    In addition to its meaning as defined in Section 15-1 of this Code, "property" means: (1) electronic impulses; (2) electronically produced data; (3) confidential, copyrighted, or proprietary information; (4) private identification codes or numbers which permit access to a computer by authorized computer users or generate billings to consumers for purchase of goods and services, including but not limited to credit card transactions and telecommunications services or permit electronic fund transfers; (5) software or programs in either machine or human readable form; or (6) any other tangible or intangible item relating to a computer or any part thereof.
    "Access" means to use, instruct, communicate with, store data in, retrieve or intercept data from, or otherwise utilize any services of, a computer, a network, or data.
    "Services" includes but is not limited to computer time, data manipulation, or storage functions.
    "Vital services or operations" means those services or operations required to provide, operate, maintain, and repair network cabling, transmission, distribution, or computer facilities necessary to ensure or protect the public health, safety, or welfare. Those services or operations include, but are not limited to, services provided by medical personnel or institutions, fire departments, emergency services agencies, national defense contractors, armed forces or militia personnel, private and public utility companies, or law enforcement agencies.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 17, Subdiv. 35

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 17, Subdiv. 35 heading)
SUBDIVISION 35. MISCELLANEOUS SPECIAL FRAUD
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/17-56

    (720 ILCS 5/17-56) (was 720 ILCS 5/16-1.3)
    Sec. 17-56. Financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability.
    (a) A person commits financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability when he or she stands in a position of trust or confidence with the elderly person or a person with a disability and he or she knowingly and by deception or intimidation obtains control over the property of an elderly person or a person with a disability or illegally uses the assets or resources of an elderly person or a person with a disability.
    (b) Sentence. Financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability is: (1) a Class 4 felony if the value of the property is $300 or less, (2) a Class 3 felony if the value of the property is more than $300 but less than $5,000, (3) a Class 2 felony if the value of the property is $5,000 or more but less than $50,000, and (4) a Class 1 felony if the value of the property is $50,000 or more or if the elderly person is over 70 years of age and the value of the property is $15,000 or more or if the elderly person is 80 years of age or older and the value of the property is $5,000 or more.
    (c) For purposes of this Section:
        (1) "Elderly person" means a person 60 years of age
    
or older.
        (2) "Person with a disability" means a person who
    
suffers from a physical or mental impairment resulting from disease, injury, functional disorder or congenital condition that impairs the individual's mental or physical ability to independently manage his or her property or financial resources, or both.
        (3) "Intimidation" means the communication to an
    
elderly person or a person with a disability that he or she shall be deprived of food and nutrition, shelter, prescribed medication or medical care and treatment or conduct as provided in Section 12-6 of this Code.
        (4) "Deception" means, in addition to its meaning as
    
defined in Section 15-4 of this Code, a misrepresentation or concealment of material fact relating to the terms of a contract or agreement entered into with the elderly person or person with a disability or to the existing or pre-existing condition of any of the property involved in such contract or agreement; or the use or employment of any misrepresentation, false pretense or false promise in order to induce, encourage or solicit the elderly person or person with a disability to enter into a contract or agreement.
    The illegal use of the assets or resources of an elderly person or a person with a disability includes, but is not limited to, the misappropriation of those assets or resources by undue influence, breach of a fiduciary relationship, fraud, deception, extortion, or use of the assets or resources contrary to law.
    A person stands in a position of trust and confidence with an elderly person or person with a disability when he (i) is a parent, spouse, adult child or other relative by blood or marriage of the elderly person or person with a disability, (ii) is a joint tenant or tenant in common with the elderly person or person with a disability, (iii) has a legal or fiduciary relationship with the elderly person or person with a disability, (iv) is a financial planning or investment professional, or (v) is a paid or unpaid caregiver for the elderly person or person with a disability.
    (d) Limitations. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit the remedies available to the victim under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
    (e) Good faith efforts. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to impose criminal liability on a person who has made a good faith effort to assist the elderly person or person with a disability in the management of his or her property, but through no fault of his or her own has been unable to provide such assistance.
    (f) Not a defense. It shall not be a defense to financial exploitation of an elderly person or person with a disability that the accused reasonably believed that the victim was not an elderly person or person with a disability.
    (g) Civil Liability. A civil cause of action exists for financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability as described in subsection (a) of this Section. A person against whom a civil judgment has been entered for financial exploitation of an elderly person or person with a disability shall be liable to the victim or to the estate of the victim in damages of treble the amount of the value of the property obtained, plus reasonable attorney fees and court costs. In a civil action under this subsection, the burden of proof that the defendant committed financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability as described in subsection (a) of this Section shall be by a preponderance of the evidence. This subsection shall be operative whether or not the defendant has been charged or convicted of the criminal offense as described in subsection (a) of this Section. This subsection (g) shall not limit or affect the right of any person to bring any cause of action or seek any remedy available under the common law, or other applicable law, arising out of the financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability.
    (h) If a person is charged with financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability that involves the taking or loss of property valued at more than $5,000, a prosecuting attorney may file a petition with the circuit court of the county in which the defendant has been charged to freeze the assets of the defendant in an amount equal to but not greater than the alleged value of lost or stolen property in the defendant's pending criminal proceeding for purposes of restitution to the victim. The burden of proof required to freeze the defendant's assets shall be by a preponderance of the evidence.
(Source: P.A. 99-272, eff. 1-1-16.)

720 ILCS 5/17-57

    (720 ILCS 5/17-57) (was 720 ILCS 5/17-28)
    Sec. 17-57. Defrauding drug and alcohol screening tests.
    (a) It is unlawful for a person to:
        (1) manufacture, sell, give away, distribute, or
    
market synthetic or human substances or other products in this State or transport urine into this State with the intent of using the synthetic or human substances or other products to defraud a drug or alcohol screening test;
        (2) substitute or spike a sample or advertise a
    
sample substitution or other spiking device or measure, with the intent of attempting to foil or defeat a drug or alcohol screening test;
        (3) adulterate synthetic or human substances with the
    
intent to defraud a drug or alcohol screening test; or
        (4) manufacture, sell, or possess adulterants that
    
are intended to be used to adulterate synthetic or human substances with the intent of defrauding a drug or alcohol screening test.
    (b) The trier of fact may infer intent to violate this Section if a heating element or any other device used to thwart a drug or alcohol screening test accompanies the sale, giving, distribution, or marketing of synthetic or human substances or other products or instructions that provide a method for thwarting a drug or alcohol screening test accompany the sale, giving, distribution, or marketing of synthetic or human substances or other products.
    (c) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a Class 4 felony for which the court shall impose a minimum fine of $1,000.
    (d) For the purposes of this Section, "drug or alcohol screening test" includes, but is not limited to, urine testing, hair follicle testing, perspiration testing, saliva testing, blood testing, fingernail testing, and eye drug testing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/17-58

    (720 ILCS 5/17-58) (was 720 ILCS 5/17-16)
    Sec. 17-58. Fraudulent production of infant. A person who fraudulently produces an infant, falsely pretending it to have been born of parents whose child would be entitled to a share of a personal estate, or to inherit real estate, with the intent of intercepting the inheritance of the real estate, or the distribution of the personal property from a person lawfully entitled to the personal property, is guilty of a Class 3 felony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)