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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(720 ILCS 5/) Criminal Code of 2012.

720 ILCS 5/16-25

    (720 ILCS 5/16-25)
    Sec. 16-25. Retail theft.
    (a) A person commits retail theft when he or she knowingly:
        (1) Takes possession of, carries away, transfers or
    
causes to be carried away or transferred any merchandise displayed, held, stored or offered for sale in a retail mercantile establishment with the intention of retaining such merchandise or with the intention of depriving the merchant permanently of the possession, use or benefit of such merchandise without paying the full retail value of such merchandise; or
        (2) Alters, transfers, or removes any label, price
    
tag, marking, indicia of value or any other markings which aid in determining value affixed to any merchandise displayed, held, stored or offered for sale in a retail mercantile establishment and attempts to purchase such merchandise at less than the full retail value with the intention of depriving the merchant of the full retail value of such merchandise; or
        (3) Transfers any merchandise displayed, held, stored
    
or offered for sale in a retail mercantile establishment from the container in or on which such merchandise is displayed to any other container with the intention of depriving the merchant of the full retail value of such merchandise; or
        (4) Under-rings with the intention of depriving the
    
merchant of the full retail value of the merchandise; or
        (5) Removes a shopping cart from the premises of a
    
retail mercantile establishment without the consent of the merchant given at the time of such removal with the intention of depriving the merchant permanently of the possession, use or benefit of such cart; or
        (6) Represents to a merchant that he, she, or another
    
is the lawful owner of property, knowing that such representation is false, and conveys or attempts to convey that property to a merchant who is the owner of the property in exchange for money, merchandise credit or other property of the merchant; or
        (7) Uses or possesses any theft detection shielding
    
device or theft detection device remover with the intention of using such device to deprive the merchant permanently of the possession, use or benefit of any merchandise displayed, held, stored or offered for sale in a retail mercantile establishment without paying the full retail value of such merchandise; or
        (8) Obtains or exerts unauthorized control over
    
property of the owner and thereby intends to deprive the owner permanently of the use or benefit of the property when a lessee of the personal property of another fails to return it to the owner, or if the lessee fails to pay the full retail value of such property to the lessor in satisfaction of any contractual provision requiring such, within 10 days after written demand from the owner for its return. A notice in writing, given after the expiration of the leasing agreement, by registered mail, to the lessee at the address given by the lessee and shown on the leasing agreement shall constitute proper demand.
    (b) Theft by emergency exit. A person commits theft by emergency exit when he or she commits a retail theft as defined in subdivisions (a)(1) through (a)(8) of this Section and to facilitate the theft he or she leaves the retail mercantile establishment by use of a designated emergency exit.
    (c) Permissive inference. If any person:
        (1) conceals upon his or her person or among his or
    
her belongings unpurchased merchandise displayed, held, stored or offered for sale in a retail mercantile establishment; and
        (2) removes that merchandise beyond the last known
    
station for receiving payments for that merchandise in that retail mercantile establishment,
then the trier of fact may infer that the person possessed, carried away or transferred such merchandise with the intention of retaining it or with the intention of depriving the merchant permanently of the possession, use or benefit of such merchandise without paying the full retail value of such merchandise.
    To "conceal" merchandise means that, although there may be some notice of its presence, that merchandise is not visible through ordinary observation.
    (d) Venue. Multiple thefts committed by the same person as part of a continuing course of conduct in different jurisdictions that have been aggregated in one jurisdiction may be prosecuted in any jurisdiction in which one or more of the thefts occurred.
    (e) For the purposes of this Section, "theft detection shielding device" means any laminated or coated bag or device designed and intended to shield merchandise from detection by an electronic or magnetic theft alarm sensor.
    (f) Sentence.
        (1) A violation of any of subdivisions (a)(1) through
    
(a)(6) and (a)(8) of this Section, the full retail value of which does not exceed $300 for property other than motor fuel or $150 for motor fuel, is a Class A misdemeanor. A violation of subdivision (a)(7) of this Section is a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense and a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent offense. Theft by emergency exit of property, the full retail value of which does not exceed $300, is a Class 4 felony.
        (2) A person who has been convicted of retail theft
    
of property under any of subdivisions (a)(1) through (a)(6) and (a)(8) of this Section, the full retail value of which does not exceed $300 for property other than motor fuel or $150 for motor fuel, and who has been previously convicted of any type of theft, robbery, armed robbery, burglary, residential burglary, possession of burglary tools, home invasion, unlawful use of a credit card, or forgery is guilty of a Class 4 felony. A person who has been convicted of theft by emergency exit of property, the full retail value of which does not exceed $300, and who has been previously convicted of any type of theft, robbery, armed robbery, burglary, residential burglary, possession of burglary tools, home invasion, unlawful use of a credit card, or forgery is guilty of a Class 3 felony.
        (3) Any retail theft of property under any of
    
subdivisions (a)(1) through (a)(6) and (a)(8) of this Section, the full retail value of which exceeds $300 for property other than motor fuel or $150 for motor fuel in a single transaction, or in separate transactions committed by the same person as part of a continuing course of conduct from one or more mercantile establishments over a period of one year, is a Class 3 felony. Theft by emergency exit of property, the full retail value of which exceeds $300 in a single transaction, or in separate transactions committed by the same person as part of a continuing course of conduct from one or more mercantile establishments over a period of one year, is a Class 2 felony. When a charge of retail theft of property or theft by emergency exit of property, the full value of which exceeds $300, is brought, the value of the property involved is an element of the offense to be resolved by the trier of fact as either exceeding or not exceeding $300.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-26

    (720 ILCS 5/16-26)
    Sec. 16-26. Detention; affirmative defense.
    (a) Detention. Any merchant who has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has committed retail theft may detain the person, on or off the premises of a retail mercantile establishment, in a reasonable manner and for a reasonable length of time for all or any of the following purposes:
        (1) To request identification;
        (2) To verify such identification;
        (3) To make reasonable inquiry as to whether such
    
person has in his possession unpurchased merchandise and to make reasonable investigation of the ownership of such merchandise;
        (4) To inform a peace officer of the detention of the
    
person and surrender that person to the custody of a peace officer;
        (5) In the case of a minor, to immediately make a
    
reasonable attempt to inform the parents, guardian or other private person interested in the welfare of that minor and, at the merchant's discretion, a peace officer, of this detention and to surrender custody of such minor to such person.
    A merchant may make a detention as permitted in this Section off the premises of a retail mercantile establishment only if such detention is pursuant to an immediate pursuit of such person.
    A merchant shall be deemed to have reasonable grounds to make a detention for the purposes of this Section if the merchant detains a person because such person has in his or her possession either a theft detection shielding device or a theft detection device remover.
    (b) Affirmative defense. A detention as permitted in this Section does not constitute an arrest or an unlawful restraint, as defined in Section 10-3 of this Code, nor shall it render the merchant liable to the person so detained.
    (c) For the purposes of this Section, "minor" means a person who is less than 19 years of age, is unemancipated, and resides with his or her parent or parents or legal guardian.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-27

    (720 ILCS 5/16-27)
    Sec. 16-27. Civil liability.
    (a) A person who commits the offense of retail theft as defined in subdivision (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), or (a)(8) of Section 16-25 shall be civilly liable to the merchant of the merchandise in an amount consisting of:
        (i) actual damages equal to the full retail value of
    
the merchandise; plus
        (ii) an amount not less than $100 nor more than
    
$1,000; plus
        (iii) attorney's fees and court costs.
    (b) If a minor commits the offense of retail theft, the parents or guardian of the minor shall be civilly liable as provided in this Section; however, a guardian appointed pursuant to the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 shall not be liable under this Section. Total recovery under this Section shall not exceed the maximum recovery permitted under Section 5 of the Parental Responsibility Law. For the purposes of this Section, "minor" means a person who is less than 19 years of age, is unemancipated, and resides with his or her parent or parents or legal guardian.
    (c) A conviction or a plea of guilty to the offense of retail theft is not a prerequisite to the bringing of a civil suit under this Section.
    (d) Judgments arising under this Section may be assigned.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-28

    (720 ILCS 5/16-28)
    Sec. 16-28. Delivery container theft.
    (a) A person commits delivery container theft when he or she knowingly does any of the following:
        (1) Uses for any purpose, when not on the premises of
    
the owner or an adjacent parking area, a delivery container of another person which is marked by a name or mark unless the use is authorized by the owner.
        (2) Sells, or offers for sale, a delivery container
    
of another person which is marked by a name or mark unless the sale is authorized by the owner.
        (3) Defaces, obliterates, destroys, covers up or
    
otherwise removes or conceals a name or mark on a delivery container of another person without the written consent of the owner.
        (4) Removes the delivery container of another person
    
from the premises, parking area or any other area under the control of any processor, distributor or retail establishment, or from any delivery vehicle, without the consent of the owner of the delivery container. If a person possesses any marked or named delivery container without the consent of the owner and while not on the premises, parking area or other area under control of a processor, distributor or retail establishment doing business with the owner, the trier of fact may infer that the person removed the delivery container in violation of this paragraph.
    (b) Any common carrier or private carrier for hire, except those engaged in transporting bakery or dairy products to and from the places where they are produced, that receives or transports any delivery container marked with a name or mark without having in its possession a bill of lading or invoice for that delivery container commits the offense of delivery container theft.
    (c) Sentence. Delivery container theft is a Class B misdemeanor. An offender may be sentenced to pay a fine of $150 for the first offense and $500 for a second or subsequent offense.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 16, Subdiv. 15

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 16, Subdiv. 15 heading)
SUBDIVISION 15. IDENTITY THEFT
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-30

    (720 ILCS 5/16-30)
    Sec. 16-30. Identity theft; aggravated identity theft.
    (a) A person commits identity theft when he or she knowingly:
        (1) uses any personal identifying information or
    
personal identification document of another person to fraudulently obtain credit, money, goods, services, or other property;
        (2) uses any personal identification information or
    
personal identification document of another with intent to commit any felony not set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection (a);
        (3) obtains, records, possesses, sells, transfers,
    
purchases, or manufactures any personal identification information or personal identification document of another with intent to commit any felony;
        (4) uses, obtains, records, possesses, sells,
    
transfers, purchases, or manufactures any personal identification information or personal identification document of another knowing that such personal identification information or personal identification documents were stolen or produced without lawful authority;
        (5) uses, transfers, or possesses document-making
    
implements to produce false identification or false documents with knowledge that they will be used by the person or another to commit any felony;
        (6) uses any personal identification information or
    
personal identification document of another to portray himself or herself as that person, or otherwise, for the purpose of gaining access to any personal identification information or personal identification document of that person, without the prior express permission of that person;
        (7) uses any personal identification information or
    
personal identification document of another for the purpose of gaining access to any record of the actions taken, communications made or received, or other activities or transactions of that person, without the prior express permission of that person;
        (7.5) uses, possesses, or transfers a radio
    
frequency identification device capable of obtaining or processing personal identifying information from a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag or transponder with knowledge that the device will be used by the person or another to commit a felony violation of State law or any violation of this Article; or
        (8) in the course of applying for a building permit
    
with a unit of local government, provides the license number of a roofing or fire sprinkler contractor whom he or she does not intend to have perform the work on the roofing or fire sprinkler portion of the project; it is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this paragraph (8) that the building permit applicant promptly informed the unit of local government that issued the building permit of any change in the roofing or fire sprinkler contractor.
    (b) Aggravated identity theft. A person commits aggravated identity theft when he or she commits identity theft as set forth in subsection (a) of this Section:
        (1) against a person 60 years of age or older or a
    
person with a disability; or
        (2) in furtherance of the activities of an organized
    
gang.
    A defense to aggravated identity theft does not exist merely because the accused reasonably believed the victim to be a person less than 60 years of age. For the purposes of this subsection, "organized gang" has the meaning ascribed in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
    (c) Knowledge shall be determined by an evaluation of all circumstances surrounding the use of the other person's identifying information or document.
    (d) When a charge of identity theft or aggravated identity theft of credit, money, goods, services, or other property exceeding a specified value is brought, the value of the credit, money, goods, services, or other property is an element of the offense to be resolved by the trier of fact as either exceeding or not exceeding the specified value.
    (e) Sentence.
        (1) Identity theft.
            (A) A person convicted of identity theft in
        
violation of paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall be sentenced as follows:
                (i) Identity theft of credit, money, goods,
            
services, or other property not exceeding $300 in value is a Class 4 felony. A person who has been previously convicted of identity theft of less than $300 who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense of identity theft of less than $300 is guilty of a Class 3 felony. A person who has been convicted of identity theft of less than $300 who has been previously convicted of any type of theft, robbery, armed robbery, burglary, residential burglary, possession of burglary tools, home invasion, home repair fraud, aggravated home repair fraud, or financial exploitation of an elderly person or person with a disability is guilty of a Class 3 felony. Identity theft of credit, money, goods, services, or other property not exceeding $300 in value when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is a Class 3 felony. A person who has been previously convicted of identity theft of less than $300 who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense of identity theft of less than $300 when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is guilty of a Class 2 felony. A person who has been convicted of identity theft of less than $300 when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country who has been previously convicted of any type of theft, robbery, armed robbery, burglary, residential burglary, possession of burglary tools, home invasion, home repair fraud, aggravated home repair fraud, or financial exploitation of an elderly person or person with a disability is guilty of a Class 2 felony.
                (ii) Identity theft of credit, money, goods,
            
services, or other property exceeding $300 and not exceeding $2,000 in value is a Class 3 felony. Identity theft of credit, money, goods, services, or other property exceeding $300 and not exceeding $2,000 in value when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is a Class 2 felony.
                (iii) Identity theft of credit, money, goods,
            
services, or other property exceeding $2,000 and not exceeding $10,000 in value is a Class 2 felony. Identity theft of credit, money, goods, services, or other property exceeding $2,000 and not exceeding $10,000 in value when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is a Class 1 felony.
                (iv) Identity theft of credit, money, goods,
            
services, or other property exceeding $10,000 and not exceeding $100,000 in value is a Class 1 felony. Identity theft of credit, money, goods, services, or other property exceeding $10,000 and not exceeding $100,000 in value when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is a Class X felony.
                (v) Identity theft of credit, money, goods,
            
services, or other property exceeding $100,000 in value is a Class X felony.
            (B) A person convicted of any offense enumerated
        
in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) is guilty of a Class 3 felony. A person convicted of any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is guilty of a Class 2 felony.
            (C) A person convicted of any offense enumerated
        
in paragraphs (2) through (5) and (7.5) of subsection (a) a second or subsequent time is guilty of a Class 2 felony. A person convicted of any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (5) and (7.5) of subsection (a) a second or subsequent time when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is guilty of a Class 1 felony.
            (D) A person who, within a 12-month period, is
        
found in violation of any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) with respect to the identifiers of, or other information relating to, 3 or more separate individuals, at the same time or consecutively, is guilty of a Class 2 felony. A person who, within a 12-month period, is found in violation of any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) with respect to the identifiers of, or other information relating to, 3 or more separate individuals, at the same time or consecutively, when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is guilty of a Class 1 felony.
            (E) A person convicted of identity theft in
        
violation of paragraph (2) of subsection (a) who uses any personal identification information or personal identification document of another to purchase methamphetamine manufacturing material as defined in Section 10 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act with the intent to unlawfully manufacture methamphetamine is guilty of a Class 2 felony for a first offense and a Class 1 felony for a second or subsequent offense. A person convicted of identity theft in violation of paragraph (2) of subsection (a) who uses any personal identification information or personal identification document of another to purchase methamphetamine manufacturing material as defined in Section 10 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act with the intent to unlawfully manufacture methamphetamine when the victim of the identity theft is an active duty member of the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States or of the Illinois National Guard serving in a foreign country is guilty of a Class 1 felony for a first offense and a Class X felony for a second or subsequent offense.
            (F) A person convicted of identity theft in
        
violation of paragraph (8) of subsection (a) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
        (2) Aggravated identity theft.
            (A) Aggravated identity theft of credit, money,
        
goods, services, or other property not exceeding $300 in value is a Class 3 felony.
            (B) Aggravated identity theft of credit, money,
        
goods, services, or other property exceeding $300 and not exceeding $10,000 in value is a Class 2 felony.
            (C) Aggravated identity theft of credit, money,
        
goods, services, or other property exceeding $10,000 in value and not exceeding $100,000 in value is a Class 1 felony.
            (D) Aggravated identity theft of credit, money,
        
goods, services, or other property exceeding $100,000 in value is a Class X felony.
            (E) Aggravated identity theft for a violation of
        
any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) of this Section is a Class 2 felony.
            (F) Aggravated identity theft when a person who,
        
within a 12-month period, is found in violation of any offense enumerated in paragraphs (2) through (7.5) of subsection (a) of this Section with identifiers of, or other information relating to, 3 or more separate individuals, at the same time or consecutively, is a Class 1 felony.
            (G) A person who has been previously convicted of
        
aggravated identity theft regardless of the value of the property involved who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense of aggravated identity theft regardless of the value of the property involved is guilty of a Class X felony.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

720 ILCS 5/16-31

    (720 ILCS 5/16-31)
    Sec. 16-31. Transmission of personal identifying information.
    (a) A person commits transmission of personal identifying information if he or she is not a party to a transaction that involves the use of a financial transaction device and knowingly: (i) secretly or surreptitiously photographs, or otherwise captures or records, electronically or by any other means, personal identifying information from the transaction without the consent of the person whose information is photographed or otherwise captured, recorded, distributed, disseminated, or transmitted, or (ii) distributes, disseminates, or transmits, electronically or by any other means, personal identifying information from the transaction without the consent of the person whose information is photographed, or otherwise captured, recorded, distributed, disseminated, or transmitted.
    (b) This Section does not:
        (1) prohibit the capture or transmission of personal
    
identifying information in the ordinary and lawful course of business;
        (2) apply to a peace officer of this State, or of the
    
federal government, or the officer's agent, while in the lawful performance of the officer's duties;
        (3) prohibit a person from being charged with,
    
convicted of, or punished for any other violation of law committed by that person while violating or attempting to violate this Section.
    (c) Sentence. A person who violates this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-32

    (720 ILCS 5/16-32)
    Sec. 16-32. Facilitating identity theft.
    (a) A person commits facilitating identity theft when he or she, in the course of his or her employment or official duties, has access to the personal information of another person in the possession of the State of Illinois, whether written, recorded, or on computer disk, and knowingly, with the intent of committing identity theft, aggravated identity theft, or any violation of the Illinois Financial Crime Law, disposes of that written, recorded, or computerized information in any receptacle, trash can, or other container that the public could gain access to, without shredding that information, destroying the recording, or wiping the computer disk so that the information is either unintelligible or destroyed.
    (b) Sentence. Facilitating identity theft is a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense and a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent offense.
    (c) For purposes of this Section, "personal information" has the meaning provided in the Personal Information Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 5/16-33

    (720 ILCS 5/16-33)
    Sec. 16-33. Civil remedies. A person who is convicted of facilitating identity theft, identity theft, or aggravated identity theft is liable in a civil action to the person who suffered damages as a result of the violation. The person suffering damages may recover court costs, attorney's fees, lost wages, and actual damages. Where a person has been convicted of identity theft in violation of subdivision (a)(6) or subdivision (a)(7) of Section 16-30, in the absence of proof of actual damages, the person whose personal identification information or personal identification documents were used in the violation in question may recover damages of $2,000.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)