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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(720 ILCS 5/) Criminal Code of 2012.

720 ILCS 5/12-3.4

    (720 ILCS 5/12-3.4) (was 720 ILCS 5/12-30)
    Sec. 12-3.4. Violation of an order of protection.
    (a) A person commits violation of an order of protection if:
        (1) He or she knowingly commits an act which was
    
prohibited by a court or fails to commit an act which was ordered by a court in violation of:
            (i) a remedy in a valid order of protection
        
authorized under paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (14), or (14.5) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986,
            (ii) a remedy, which is substantially similar to
        
the remedies authorized under paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (14) or (14.5) of subsection (b) of Section 214 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, in a valid order of protection, which is authorized under the laws of another state, tribe or United States territory,
            (iii) any other remedy when the act constitutes a
        
crime against the protected parties as the term protected parties is defined in Section 112A-4 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963; and
        (2) Such violation occurs after the offender has been
    
served notice of the contents of the order, pursuant to the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 or any substantially similar statute of another state, tribe or United States territory, or otherwise has acquired actual knowledge of the contents of the order.
    An order of protection issued by a state, tribal or territorial court related to domestic or family violence shall be deemed valid if the issuing court had jurisdiction over the parties and matter under the law of the state, tribe or territory. There shall be a presumption of validity where an order is certified and appears authentic on its face. For purposes of this Section, an "order of protection" may have been issued in a criminal or civil proceeding.
    (a-5) Failure to provide reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard shall be an affirmative defense to any charge or process filed seeking enforcement of a foreign order of protection.
    (b) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to diminish the inherent authority of the courts to enforce their lawful orders through civil or criminal contempt proceedings.
    (c) The limitations placed on law enforcement liability by Section 305 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 apply to actions taken under this Section.
    (d) Violation of an order of protection is a Class A misdemeanor. Violation of an order of protection is a Class 4 felony if the defendant has any prior conviction under this Code for domestic battery (Section 12-3.2) or violation of an order of protection (Section 12-3.4 or 12-30) or any prior conviction under the law of another jurisdiction for an offense that could be charged in this State as a domestic battery or violation of an order of protection. Violation of an order of protection is a Class 4 felony if the defendant has any prior conviction under this Code for first degree murder (Section 9-1), attempt to commit first degree murder (Section 8-4), aggravated domestic battery (Section 12-3.3), aggravated battery (Section 12-3.05 or 12-4), heinous battery (Section 12-4.1), aggravated battery with a firearm (Section 12-4.2), aggravated battery with a machine gun or a firearm equipped with a silencer (Section 12-4.2-5), aggravated battery of a child (Section 12-4.3), aggravated battery of an unborn child (subsection (a-5) of Section 12-3.1, or Section 12-4.4), aggravated battery of a senior citizen (Section 12-4.6), stalking (Section 12-7.3), aggravated stalking (Section 12-7.4), criminal sexual assault (Section 11-1.20 or 12-13), aggravated criminal sexual assault (Section 11-1.30 or 12-14), kidnapping (Section 10-1), aggravated kidnapping (Section 10-2), predatory criminal sexual assault of a child (Section 11-1.40 or 12-14.1), aggravated criminal sexual abuse (Section 11-1.60 or 12-16), unlawful restraint (Section 10-3), aggravated unlawful restraint (Section 10-3.1), aggravated arson (Section 20-1.1), aggravated discharge of a firearm (Section 24-1.2), or a violation of any former law of this State that is substantially similar to any listed offense, or any prior conviction under the law of another jurisdiction for an offense that could be charged in this State as one of the offenses listed in this Section, when any of these offenses have been committed against a family or household member as defined in Section 112A-3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963. The court shall impose a minimum penalty of 24 hours imprisonment for defendant's second or subsequent violation of any order of protection; unless the court explicitly finds that an increased penalty or such period of imprisonment would be manifestly unjust. In addition to any other penalties, the court may order the defendant to pay a fine as authorized under Section 5-9-1 of the Unified Code of Corrections or to make restitution to the victim under Section 5-5-6 of the Unified Code of Corrections. In addition to any other penalties, including those imposed by Section 5-9-1.5 of the Unified Code of Corrections, the court shall impose an additional fine of $20 as authorized by Section 5-9-1.11 of the Unified Code of Corrections upon any person convicted of or placed on supervision for a violation of this Section. The additional fine shall be imposed for each violation of this Section.
    (e) (Blank).
    (f) A defendant who directed the actions of a third party to violate this Section, under the principles of accountability set forth in Article 5 of this Code, is guilty of violating this Section as if the same had been personally done by the defendant, without regard to the mental state of the third party acting at the direction of the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, Article 1, Section 5, eff. 7-1-11; 96-1551, Article 2, Section 1035, eff. 7-1-11; incorporates 97-311, eff. 8-11-11; 97-919, eff. 8-10-12; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/12-3.5

    (720 ILCS 5/12-3.5) (was 720 ILCS 5/12-6.3)
    Sec. 12-3.5. Interfering with the reporting of domestic violence.
    (a) A person commits interfering with the reporting of domestic violence when, after having committed an act of domestic violence, he or she knowingly prevents or attempts to prevent the victim of or a witness to the act of domestic violence from calling a 9-1-1 emergency telephone system, obtaining medical assistance, or making a report to any law enforcement official.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Domestic violence" shall have the meaning ascribed to it in Section 112A-3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
    (c) Sentence. Interfering with the reporting of domestic violence is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-3.6

    (720 ILCS 5/12-3.6) (was 720 ILCS 5/45-1 and 5/45-2)
    Sec. 12-3.6. Disclosing location of domestic violence victim.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Domestic violence" means attempting to cause or causing abuse of a family or household member or high-risk adult with disabilities, or attempting to cause or causing neglect or exploitation of a high-risk adult with disabilities which threatens the adult's health and safety.
    "Family or household member" means a spouse, person living as a spouse, parent, or other adult person related by consanguinity or affinity, who is residing or has resided with the person committing domestic violence. "Family or household member" includes a high-risk adult with disabilities who resides with or receives care from any person who has the responsibility for a high-risk adult as a result of a family relationship or who has assumed responsibility for all or a portion of the care of an adult with disabilities voluntarily, by express or implied contract, or by court order.
    "High-risk adult with disabilities" means a person aged 18 or over whose physical or mental disability impairs his or her ability to seek or obtain protection from abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
    "Abuse", "exploitation", and "neglect" have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 103 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
    (b) A person commits disclosure of location of domestic violence victim when he or she publishes, disseminates or otherwise discloses the location of any domestic violence victim, without that person's authorization, knowing the disclosure will result in, or has the substantial likelihood of resulting in, the threat of bodily harm.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall apply to confidential communications between an attorney and his or her client.
    (d) Sentence. Disclosure of location of domestic violence victim is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-3.8

    (720 ILCS 5/12-3.8)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 12-3.8. Violation of a civil no contact order.
    (a) A person commits violation of a civil no contact order if:
        (1) he or she knowingly commits an act which was
    
prohibited by a court or fails to commit an act which was ordered in violation of:
            (A) a remedy of a valid civil no contact order
        
authorized under Section 213 of the Civil No Contact Order Act or Section 112A-14.5 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963; or
            (B) a remedy, which is substantially similar to
        
the remedies authorized under Section 213 of the Civil No Contact Order Act or Section 112A-14.5 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, or in a valid civil no contact order, which is authorized under the laws of another state, tribe, or United States territory; and
        (2) the violation occurs after the offender has been
    
served notice of the contents of the order under the Civil No Contact Order Act, Article 112A of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, or any substantially similar statute of another state, tribe, or United States territory, or otherwise has acquired actual knowledge of the contents of the order.
    A civil no contact order issued by a state, tribal, or territorial court shall be deemed valid if the issuing court had jurisdiction over the parties and matter under the law of the state, tribe, or territory. There shall be a presumption of validity when an order is certified and appears authentic on its face.
    (a-3) For purposes of this Section, a "civil no contact order" may have been issued in a criminal or civil proceeding.
    (a-5) Failure to provide reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard shall be an affirmative defense to any charge or process filed seeking enforcement of a foreign civil no contact order.
    (b) Prosecution for a violation of a civil no contact order shall not bar a concurrent prosecution for any other crime, including any crime that may have been committed at the time of the violation of the civil no contact order.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to diminish the inherent authority of the courts to enforce their lawful orders through civil or criminal contempt proceedings.
    (d) A defendant who directed the actions of a third party to violate this Section, under the principles of accountability set forth in Article 5 of this Code, is guilty of violating this Section as if the same had been personally done by the defendant, without regard to the mental state of the third party acting at the direction of the defendant.
    (e) Sentence. A violation of a civil no contact order is a Class A misdemeanor for a first violation, and a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/12-3.9

    (720 ILCS 5/12-3.9)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 12-3.9. Violation of a stalking no contact order.
    (a) A person commits violation of a stalking no contact order if:
        (1) he or she knowingly commits an act which was
    
prohibited by a court or fails to commit an act which was ordered by a court in violation of:
            (A) a remedy in a valid stalking no contact order
        
of protection authorized under Section 80 of the Stalking No Contact Order Act or Section 112A-14.7 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963; or
            (B) a remedy, which is substantially similar to
        
the remedies authorized under Section 80 of the Stalking No Contact Order Act or Section 112A-14.7 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, or in a valid stalking no contact order, which is authorized under the laws of another state, tribe, or United States territory; and
        (2) the violation occurs after the offender has been
    
served notice of the contents of the order, under the Stalking No Contact Order Act, Article 112A of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, or any substantially similar statute of another state, tribe, or United States territory, or otherwise has acquired actual knowledge of the contents of the order.
    A stalking no contact order issued by a state, tribal, or territorial court shall be deemed valid if the issuing court had jurisdiction over the parties and matter under the law of the state, tribe, or territory. There shall be a presumption of validity when an order is certified and appears authentic on its face.
    (a-3) For purposes of this Section, a "stalking no contact order" may have been issued in a criminal or civil proceeding.
    (a-5) Failure to provide reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard shall be an affirmative defense to any charge or process filed seeking enforcement of a foreign stalking no contact order.
    (b) Prosecution for a violation of a stalking no contact order shall not bar a concurrent prosecution for any other crime, including any crime that may have been committed at the time of the violation of the civil no contact order.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to diminish the inherent authority of the courts to enforce their lawful orders through civil or criminal contempt proceedings.
    (d) A defendant who directed the actions of a third party to violate this Section, under the principles of accountability set forth in Article 5 of this Code, is guilty of violating this Section as if the same had been personally done by the defendant, without regard to the mental state of the third party acting at the direction of the defendant.
    (e) Sentence. A violation of a stalking no contact order is a Class A misdemeanor for a first violation, and a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 12-3.05 by P.A. 96-1551.)
    Sec. 12-4. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 97-467, eff. 1-1-12. Renumbered by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.1

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 12-4.1)
    Sec. 12-4.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-121, eff. 7-15-99. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.2

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.2) (from Ch. 38, par. 12-4.2)
    Sec. 12-4.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.2-5

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.2-5)
    Sec. 12-4.2-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.3

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.3) (from Ch. 38, par. 12-4.3)
    Sec. 12-4.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.4

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.4) (from Ch. 38, par. 12-4.4)
    Sec. 12-4.4. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1414. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 12, Subdiv. 10

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 12, Subdiv. 10 heading)
SUBDIVISION 10. ENDANGERMENT
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/12-4.4a

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.4a)
    Sec. 12-4.4a. Abuse or criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident; criminal abuse or neglect of an elderly person or person with a disability.
    (a) Abuse or criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident.
        (1) A person or an owner or licensee commits abuse of
    
a long term care facility resident when he or she knowingly causes any physical or mental injury to, or commits any sexual offense in this Code against, a resident.
        (2) A person or an owner or licensee commits criminal
    
neglect of a long term care facility resident when he or she recklessly:
            (A) performs acts that cause a resident's life to
        
be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate, or that create the substantial likelihood that an elderly person's or person with a disability's life will be endangered, health will be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition will deteriorate;
            (B) fails to perform acts that he or she knows or
        
reasonably should know are necessary to maintain or preserve the life or health of a resident, and that failure causes the resident's life to be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate, or that create the substantial likelihood that an elderly person's or person with a disability's life will be endangered, health will be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition will deteriorate; or
            (C) abandons a resident.
        (3) A person or an owner or licensee commits neglect
    
of a long term care facility resident when he or she negligently fails to provide adequate medical care, personal care, or maintenance to the resident which results in physical or mental injury or deterioration of the resident's physical or mental condition. An owner or licensee is guilty under this subdivision (a)(3), however, only if the owner or licensee failed to exercise reasonable care in the hiring, training, supervising, or providing of staff or other related routine administrative responsibilities.
    (b) Criminal abuse or neglect of an elderly person or person with a disability.
        (1) A caregiver commits criminal abuse or neglect of
    
an elderly person or person with a disability when he or she knowingly does any of the following:
            (A) performs acts that cause the person's life to
        
be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate;
            (B) fails to perform acts that he or she knows or
        
reasonably should know are necessary to maintain or preserve the life or health of the person, and that failure causes the person's life to be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate;
            (C) abandons the person;
            (D) physically abuses, harasses, intimidates, or
        
interferes with the personal liberty of the person; or
            (E) exposes the person to willful deprivation.
        (2) It is not a defense to criminal abuse or neglect
    
of an elderly person or person with a disability that the caregiver reasonably believed that the victim was not an elderly person or person with a disability.
    (c) Offense not applicable.
        (1) Nothing in this Section applies to a physician
    
licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or a duly licensed nurse providing care within the scope of his or her professional judgment and within the accepted standards of care within the community.
        (2) Nothing in this Section imposes criminal
    
liability on a caregiver who made a good faith effort to provide for the health and personal care of an elderly person or person with a disability, but through no fault of his or her own was unable to provide such care.
        (3) Nothing in this Section applies to the medical
    
supervision, regulation, or control of the remedial care or treatment of residents in a long term care facility conducted for those who rely upon treatment by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the creed or tenets of any well-recognized church or religious denomination as described in Section 3-803 of the Nursing Home Care Act, Section 1-102 of the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, Section 3-803 of the ID/DD Community Care Act, or Section 3-803 of the MC/DD Act.
        (4) Nothing in this Section prohibits a caregiver
    
from providing treatment to an elderly person or person with a disability by spiritual means through prayer alone and care consistent therewith in lieu of medical care and treatment in accordance with the tenets and practices of any church or religious denomination of which the elderly person or person with a disability is a member.
        (5) Nothing in this Section limits the remedies
    
available to the victim under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
    (d) Sentence.
        (1) Long term care facility. Abuse of a long term
    
care facility resident is a Class 3 felony. Criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident is a Class 4 felony, unless it results in the resident's death in which case it is a Class 3 felony. Neglect of a long term care facility resident is a petty offense.
        (2) Caregiver. Criminal abuse or neglect of an
    
elderly person or person with a disability is a Class 3 felony, unless it results in the person's death in which case it is a Class 2 felony, and if imprisonment is imposed it shall be for a minimum term of 3 years and a maximum term of 14 years.
    (e) Definitions. For the purposes of this Section:
    "Abandon" means to desert or knowingly forsake a resident or an elderly person or person with a disability under circumstances in which a reasonable person would continue to provide care and custody.
    "Caregiver" means a person who has a duty to provide for an elderly person or person with a disability's health and personal care, at the elderly person or person with a disability's place of residence, including, but not limited to, food and nutrition, shelter, hygiene, prescribed medication, and medical care and treatment, and includes any of the following:
        (1) A parent, spouse, adult child, or other relative
    
by blood or marriage who resides with or resides in the same building with or regularly visits the elderly person or person with a disability, knows or reasonably should know of such person's physical or mental impairment, and knows or reasonably should know that such person is unable to adequately provide for his or her own health and personal care.
        (2) A person who is employed by the elderly person or
    
person with a disability or by another to reside with or regularly visit the elderly person or person with a disability and provide for such person's health and personal care.
        (3) A person who has agreed for consideration to
    
reside with or regularly visit the elderly person or person with a disability and provide for such person's health and personal care.
        (4) A person who has been appointed by a private or
    
public agency or by a court of competent jurisdiction to provide for the elderly person or person with a disability's health and personal care.
    "Caregiver" does not include a long-term care facility licensed or certified under the Nursing Home Care Act or a facility licensed or certified under the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, or any administrative, medical, or other personnel of such a facility, or a health care provider who is licensed under the Medical Practice Act of 1987 and renders care in the ordinary course of his or her profession.
    "Elderly person" means a person 60 years of age or older who is incapable of adequately providing for his or her own health and personal care.
    "Licensee" means the individual or entity licensed to operate a facility under the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Long term care facility" means a private home, institution, building, residence, or other place, whether operated for profit or not, or a county home for the infirm and chronically ill operated pursuant to Division 5-21 or 5-22 of the Counties Code, or any similar institution operated by the State of Illinois or a political subdivision thereof, which provides, through its ownership or management, personal care, sheltered care, or nursing for 3 or more persons not related to the owner by blood or marriage. The term also includes skilled nursing facilities and intermediate care facilities as defined in Titles XVIII and XIX of the federal Social Security Act and assisted living establishments and shared housing establishments licensed under the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Owner" means the owner of a long term care facility as provided in the Nursing Home Care Act, the owner of a facility as provided under the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the owner of a facility as provided in the ID/DD Community Care Act, the owner of a facility as provided in the MC/DD Act, or the owner of an assisted living or shared housing establishment as provided in the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Person with a disability" means a person who suffers from a permanent physical or mental impairment, resulting from disease, injury, functional disorder, or congenital condition, which renders the person incapable of adequately providing for his or her own health and personal care.
    "Resident" means a person residing in a long term care facility.
    "Willful deprivation" has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph (15) of Section 103 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
(Source: P.A. 98-104, eff. 7-22-13; 99-180, eff. 7-29-15; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)